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Vol. III. Abbeville C. H.? SL C, April 29, 1846. No. 9.
Published every Wednesday Morning, liv
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w. hiiv uuiiui, uuu^uiijnivwo ??"*
continued, unless notice bo <jiven otherwise
previous to the close of the volume.
Eight Days Later from Europe.
ARRIVAL. OK THIS
^ STEAMER UNICORN.
The Royal Steamship Unicorn, with
eight days later intelligence from Europe,
was telegraphed at 20 minutes to 1
o'clock L\ M. this (Friday) afternoon,
and arrived at her wharf. East Boston,
at 3 o'clock P. M.
Cotton market unchanged, provisions
nominal, flour and grain as before.
There has been a debate in the English
House of Lords on the Oregon
question, and another war excitement,
with great blustering in the newspapers.
r^vnltitinn i?\ r>?u?,i v..? i
* ivwiMUUll ill JL UKU1U illld UCL'ZI 4
put down by Austrian bayonets.
Agitation and suffering continue in j
Ireland, and, to add to the evils of the !
time, the Irish Coercion Bill has passed
the House of Lords.
Free trade is spreading in llussia and !
France, and a commercial treaty has j
been made between Russia and Sardina. ,
The newly constructed Spanish Mini- |
stry resigned on the l*2th inst., on the J
ground of some difficulty with respect to
the liberty of the press. The Queen's
Mother is supposed to have managed
this intrigue to upset the Miraflores cabinet.
with a view to the restoration of
The various accounts rcccivetl from
Ireland since the sailing of the last steamer,
arc far from being of a satisfactory
character. Want, or at least its immediate
prospect, on tho one hand, and I
crime, the details of horrid and sanguin- j
ary deeds, on the other form their chief
Tho people of Mayo have been greatly
excited in consequence of a contested
election, which took place for that
country during the week ending March
7. The repeal candidate was a Mr. M.
M'Oonnell; his opponent, a liberal in
politics but not a repealer, was a Mr.
Moore. The result oi the contest was
Mr. M'DonneJl's return by a majority ot
70. The military and the peasantry
came into conflict with each other during
the course of the election, when the former
were obliged to fire upon the populace.
One life was lost and some few
Daniel O'Conncll's health is, rapidly
failing. It seems now n pain for him to
make a speech in the House of Commons
on behalf of Ireland, and when he 1
does so, it is delivered in such a tamed, i'
weak, and subdued tone, that one can ;
hardly recognise in his person the great '
and popular agitator who harangued the
countless thousands on the Hill of Tara,
ami iUullaughmast?who led on his \
marshalled bunds throughout three pro- j
vinces, in defiance of the Monarch.s de ;
nunciations, and the almost unanimous 1
opinions of both Houses of Parliament. ;
But time has made traces upon his con- j
.stitution ; and from the general report it ,
would seem that he now requires ease. '
and relief from the care and toils of pub- !
The Irish Coercion Bill, which origi- .
nated in the House of Lords with the
Earl of St. Germans, has passed through
every stage of that branch of the legislature,
and now awaits its fate in the other
House. Some of its most stringent feaA
I 1 ? ? * *
lures nave noen reaucea, but trie mea-)
sure is still highly penal, and the sevcri- j
ty of its enactments, unless they are still
further modified, stand a chance of ren- j
dering the measure a dead letter. The ;
Bill is being fiercely opposed in Ireland,
and the liberal press in England is assailing
it tooth and nail.
The dates from France are to Tuesday,
the 17th of March.
The proceedings in both Chambers
on Saturday were without importance.
In the Chamber of Peers the Duke of
Brogile presented the report of the committee
on the Secret Service Money
Bill, and the debate on the question was
fixed for Thursday next. The Minister
nf Tn- T._ m -1
v?i mi, jiuibiiui ihuuuuwu me internal
Navigation Bill, which has already
passed the other Chamber.
On Monday the Chamber of Deputies
appointed a committee to examine the pro.
position brought forward by Mr. de St.
priest, relative to the conversion of the
Five per Cents. The com.niltec has a preponderance
of Ministerial members in its
composition, and will report in favor of the
adjournment of the measure, in accordance
with the wish of the Minister of Finance.
Six members have already expressed their
opinion in favor of the adjournment of the
question, and throe only are in favor of thp
immediate conversion. The members of
tfie committee who are in favor of the ads
jouruuiont, arc M. Jacques Lefcvre, M.
Galop, M. Koechhn, the Marquis de Mornoy,
the Marquis de Larochefoucauld. and
Count d?! Segur; those for the immediate
conversion are AJ. Beeoit, M. Lafarcllc,
and M. JJ<'SIongrai<?.
Tin' debute on M. dc Remusat's motion
fir tlie exclusion of placeholders from the
Chamber, had commenced in the Chamber
of Deputies, and was proceeding when our
Poor, prostrate, subjugated Poland,
the Ireland of the Continent, has been
making a fruitless, bloodless effort at a
revolution, or, as the failure of national
patriotism is always termed?an insurrection.
The liftle Republic of Cracow, which
is now in possession of the Austrian
troops, has been the head quarters of this
unfortunate attempt to restore the nationality
of the Poles ; but the conspiracy
bad extensive ramifications in Prussia,
Russia, as well as Austria.
Cracow occupied by tiik Austrian's.
?Subjoined is the official account of
the occupation of Cracow, as drawn up
by Gen. Collin, of the Austrian forces :
Cracow, March 4?The insurgents
retired from the city on the night of the
The conditions of which the Austrian
general received the capitulation of the
citizens of Cracow were,
1st. That they should deliver up to
hiin'all the known loaders of the rebellion
who remained in the city, or point
out to hirn their residences.
2d. That a total disarmament should
take place, and that all weapons should
be deposited in the castle before noon
un the 5th instant; and
3d Any person, who. during the stay
uf the Austrians in Cracow, appeared
with weapons in his hands, or in whose
dwelling, arms of any kind should be
found, should be judged by court martial
within twenty-four hours.
According to the Siicsian Gazr-tte,
that portion of the insurgents who surrendered
to the Prussians, were pro
liiisi u |ju i ^iuu mi 11Ju WIIUIUUII U1 5UU*
mitting to the arrangements which may
be made in their regard by the three
The Bresian correspondent of the
Wesc Zeitung, states that it was generally
believed there on the Gth instant,
that the great body of the insurgents
would retreat to the mountains of Gall:icia,
and there commence a guerrilla
According to the same correspondent,
the incorporation of Cracow with the
Prussian monarchy is openly desired by
the citizens. The Mannheim Abend
Zcitung also expresses the opinion that
[he Polish insurgents will retire to the
Carpathian mountains, and there act the
part o' the Circassians.
The latest accounts from the East
show that the condition of the British
empire in that part of the world is the
reverse of satisfactory. The blood which
flowed on the banks of the Sutlej, on
the three memorable days in December
last, has been shed in vain.
The Sikhs have been punished, but
not subdued; and they have returned
to the conflict with increased numbers,
and apparently additional determination.
In the mean time, the interests of the
next and succeeding Indian accounts,
will turn exclusively upon the Sikh war.
The March mail will bring the details
of another, perhaps several bloody cn
gagemenis Detween trie tsntisn lorces
and the Sikhs. The best must be hoped
for ; but the worst is possible.
The hope which was entertained that
business on the Continent of Europe
would before this resume its steady and
regular course, after the stagnation
which prevailed so long, remains unfortunately
Population op tiie United States.
?Estimating the increase at three
per ct. per annum on the census of
1840, the populat ion of the United
States will amount to 20,140,370,
on the. 1st. June, 184G.
The Dite64,180:.?And these mere
friends,.like streams whose Waters meeting-,'
mingle jrnd* unite: so lmd the
feelings, of their heart?, from early
yotuh| flowed into the selfsame fountain.
,Eywi as these streams, when mixed
alike, do clierish what is blooming on
their marcrin, so had thev fostered, with
W r J - - - - - 7 ~
an equajrhand, the flower of friendship.
TogetherJ&ey had quaffed the sweets of
science,?together bent their eyes on
what is beautiful in nature,?sought
earth's \Vild and sunny places,?climed
the dizzy heights where grandeur rests,
and from thence drank of the fulness of
earth's glowing thoughts.
What meancth now these fiery
glances, as if a serpent quailed beneath
those restless eye-lids? That mantling
blood, that ever and anon crimsons the
marble of each brow;?those looks of
scorn, of malice, and revenge : of every
deadly passion with insults his fellowman?
And, oh! more than all! those
dark, unholy instruments of blood, with
quickened edge, that they may pierce
with surer aim the wells of life? Oh!
tell me not of " kumav. love'?pure, holy,
deep, when scenes like these exist: say
rather that its fount is stained by passions
foul and fierce?stirred by dis
cord's winds, and mingled thick with I
baneful, poisonous dregs. Doubt then
this truth ? Would'st thy fond heart
still think to find aught " pure and undefiled,"
with man's ruinous heart?
Come view with me this spot!
Around, calm, soft, and lovely, has
the glad bright earth, all smiling in the
freshness of a summer morn. But even
here, in nature's sanctuary, has man
dared to trample down all human ties,
?to darken, as with fearful clouds, its
holy light. Yonder, there are they who
| till of late felt nought but love, close
linked in deadly strife; steels are flashing
in the bright sun's rays, and the red
blood is gushing forth as 'twere but wine
poured over the green earth. Oh, God !
that they who thus debase the human
form should still retain it!?that the
image of our Maker should be thus deformed
by such a fiendish soul 1
# # # *
'Tis past! Revenge lias done its \
work?a direful do.cd! There lies its
victim, drenched in gore, the wreck of
breathing iife,?a dark, unseemly thing
of dread and fear ; its glassy cye-balis,
clenched and stiffened limbs, and features
set in all the fearful pangs of
death. Well might they chill to ice the
living current; or more than that might
strike remorse into the murderer's blackened
heart. But no! He walks the
earth with prouder step, with hands all
reeking with a brother's blood, and
deems himself ennobled ; bars his heart
from virtue, and laughs to think how
deep he's plunged in guilt. And this is
honor! Oh shameful sound !
Who would not be an Editor ?
That nn editor's life is laborious is conceded
by those who practically know
any thing- about it; that his position is
responsible many a luckless editor has
been taught to feel by men of every other
profession and trade, from a lawyer
to a cooper ; that unreasonable demands
are made alike upon his physical and
mental powers might safely be testified
upon oath ; and worse than all, an editor's,
like " women's work," is never
completed. Yet,barring all these drawbacks,
some editors are lucky fellows and
receive their share of the good things of
this life on terms perfectly satisfactory?
to themselves. An exchange brings us
one of these instances,, which reminds
one too of the old adage, " it never rains
but it pours."
The happy editor of the Hingham
Pnlrinf lino nnt nn 1 \r in cnitn r\f Kio Kn I
jm. u?* MV*W %/? v/ll?jr ^ 111 C|ilkV VTA 1UO UVy
ing an editor, persuaded a prelty girl to
take him 4t for better for worse," which
were bliss enough for one life, but his
lady neighbors, in admiration of the mutual
courage of the contracting parties,
have sent them in a few donations, towards
the house fixings of the adventurous
couple. The editor announces that
he will keep his office open "a few
weeks longer," to receive farther donations,
and acknowledges already the
I reception of the following, viz; A handsome
centre table; a parlor stove; a set
of China ware ; a solar lamp; a hand
| some carpei; crocKery ware in aoundance
; nest of bo^es, pads and buckets,
! together within tftoriety of small articles.
| N York Com.
The Tea Party* Incident.?Standing
one evening at the table of a fashionable
tea party, got up in aid of some
charitable institution in our city, I was
gradually pushed along by the lair gust
1 1 _ ..-IT/* ? ' "
ami oeaux until i iouna mysell opposite
notonlytoa magnificent cake, but a
most bewitching pair of eyes, Hooked
across the cake and the owner of these
orbs shot atnic a flash, which I, in my modest
admiration, wns forced to dodge. The
signal was given and the company attacked
the good things with vigor, but
as for myself, the bright-eyed beauty opposite
was food enough for me, and
I commenced familiarizing my peepers
to the glances of hers; she at first
laughed and then pouted and at length
looked angry. I drew off' my surveillance
and she looked pleased ; a gentleman
of iny acquaintance having addressed
her familiarly, 1 seized on hi in and
requested an introduction ; he granted
it, and I bowed in a low homage to the
beauty. The gentleman with her re
signed the beauty to my care, while he
searched for his sister, that they might
leave together, and I was left alone, to
promenade in company with the bright
eyes and their owner.
" A How vne to carry your muff," said
I most persuasively, ''this room is so
warm it must be an incumbrance.."
" No, no I" said she in evident alarm,
and biting lie pretty lip at the same
" Why," thinks I, "she cannot suspect
that L wish to steal it," and resolvedto
convince her of my honesty, 1 reached
for the muff* and insisted upon carrying
it. I hud hold of one end and she
the other, to which she held most tightly
but my gallantry triumphed, and pulling
it from her, out dropped a slice of
pound cake, four doughnuts, two jumbles
and an.orange. I need not say
that 1 was horrified at the effect of my
gallant effort. I picked part of them up
hurriedly, and handed them and the
muff to her. The perspiration was rolling
clown my lace in a stream,
and putting my hand into my coat pock- j
et, I pulled out my linen cambric han-;
kerchief, when out of its folds dropped
half a chicken ! In my lit of abstraction
at the table, some wag had carefully
rolled it up in my hankerchief, and
placed it in my pocket. The cause of
my fair partner's confusion at the table
was produced by thinking I had seen in
her mufF the pound cake. She laughed
heartily at my chicken, and we mutually
agreed to keep quiet about our extra
Forming the Character?What is
the object of education ? To form the
character. How is this to be done?
iNoi Dy lessons?but chielly through the
influence of example, circumstances, and
situation. How soon is the child exposed
to these influences? From the
moment it opens its eyes and feels the
pressure of its mother's bosom?from
the hour that it becomes capable of noticing
what passes around it, and knowing
the difference of one thin? from an J
other. So powerful are the gradual and
unnoticed influences of these early
months, that the infant, if indulged and
humored, may grow into a petty tyrant
at ten months old. During the
first years of infancy every human being
is making his first observations, and
acquiring his first experience, passes
his early judgments, forms opinions, and
acquires habits. They may be ingrained
into the character for life. There
is no doubt that many of those incurable-crookednesses
of disposition which
we attribute to nature, would be found,
if they could be traced, to have originated
in infancy, just as the deformed and
stunted tree is not so from any natural
perversity of the seed from which it
sprung, but from the circumstances of
the soil and situation where it grew.
" Mother, why does Pa call you honey
" Rncause. mv dear, he loves me."
" No ma, thaUsn't it."
" It isn't. What is it then ?"
u I know."
" Well, what is it?"
" Why it's because you have so much
comb on your head?that's why."
Piratical attacks upon merchant
vessels have again become fres
quent in the China seas,
advertising Estrnys Tolled, TWO
DOLLARS, to be paid by the Magistrate.
For announcing a Candidate, TWO
DOLLARS, in advance.
0^7= All letters or communications must
be directed to the Editor, postage paid.
Odd Fellowship.?Odd fellowship
indulges in no idle mummery; her
mystic emblems, and solemn ceremonies
without meaning to the uninitiated, arc
pregnant with important recollections.
From the step of initiation through all
the various degrees, the candidate is
taught the most solemn truths by regular
and progressive steps.?They are
taught in a manner calculated to make
1 ?i.:i ?
till* iiivjol UlSUIiy I III JJ H_'55IUI1, clliu Willie
they improve the mind, make him at
heart a better man. His duty to his
Creator, his family, his neighbor and
himself", rank among the lirstofhis lessons
; while the great principle of
Charily presents itself at every step;
not that charity which proclaimeth itself
from the house-top, but "charity
which (loeth good by stealth and blushes
to find it fame." A case came under
the immediate eye of the writer in a
neighboring city, which may prove of
interest to your readers. In 1S40, a
gentleman from the North, who was an
Odd Fellow, came south on some urgent
business; on his way down the Mississippi
lie Cell dangerously siclc of typus
fever. The captain, crew, and boat
physician despaired of his life, and being
desirous to get rid of such a charge,
determined to thrust the sick man
ashore. On reaching the lauding, the
mate and hands were ordered to take
liirn off upon a litter, and put him in
one of the miserable doggeries, which,
to the disgrace of civilization, infest
nearly all our river towns, The rude
hand of the mate was laid upon the
frame of the stronger, and his grufl'
voice as he bellowed out, u go ahead,"
partly roused him from his stupor, and
he faintly asked what they would do
with him?he was told that they were
putting him ashore at r. He inquired,
t; are there any Odd Fellows
here?'5 A brother standing on the
wharf, who had been gazing on the inhuman
scene, replied, instantly w Yes,
there are many and true." " Then,"
said the siclc stranger, " put me down,
put me down, right here. I shall be taken
care of." He was taken care of:
though a stranger in a strange land,
ready friends clustered around him?
they tested him : be was an Odd Fellow,
and in good standing in his Lodge ;
it was enough, he was taken up by brother's
hands?supported on friendly bosoms?h%\vas
provided a place in the
best hotel, the best medical aid was called
in. he was nursed by friends whoso
eyes never slept over his couch of anguish,
For many weeks his case was
considered almost hopeless, but by strict
attention he got well, tie returned home
to gladden the eyes of his aged mother,
and to infuse new joy into the warm heart
of his young and beautiful wife. Odd Fellowship
is not only charitable, but it is
philanthropic ; it gives the initiated brothe.
"vgood standing a passport in every
lanil where the Order is known. Although
a stranger in a strar _ e land, he
..will have that which wi1' 0ain his admittance
into the Lodge, where his
hand will be pressed by the hearty responding
gripe of a brother, and his desires
and necessities attended to. It is
also sympathetic. It never heard a widow
sigh, nor saw the orphan weep, and
not relieve, indeed in all LiOdges there
is a fund especially set apart for the widow
and orphans of deceased members;
a committee is appointed from each
Lodge, whose duty it is to see that tlm
orphans, are properly fed clothed, and
At the latest accounts from the
seat of war in India, the British
troops were in a very critical situation?another
them and the Sikhs was daily expected
; and the people and government'
of Great Britain are evir\
uiyiibij xuuv/u aiaiiixcuy vv&tii ic^aiu
to the result.
As late as the second week in
March, poverty was spreading in
Ireland. Appreheusion that epidemic
disease would follow the
famine, had induced the medical
? m f/\ nof SfiAYt DmaliAivtAMf
lusututiuua v\j jl aiiiauiuiit
to make some provision to meet
the threatened exigency.
The French war department in
Algiers cost sixty millions of dollars