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Sixteen Days Later from Europe.
ARRIVAL OF TIIE
The steamship Caledonia. Capt. Colt,
arrived at the wharf of Boston, on ^Ionday,
at 12, M., having made tho passage
from-Livcrpool in 10 days. She hrongnl
OA r\OCtl.?W i I'C? Ill T I m! 1 !?i V TA i r-m 1 I
Aw V_/ 1,'UCOU *1 o' 10 iv ? juti I 'J IV i.JU^ t'JI.'j I
and 13 from Hali.'ax to Boston.
The most impc^aut items of information
a?v !M ;! . jvbt. Perl's now tariff
l?iil lius it.> soci is l re? ding i-.i the
1L ...> uiid !hr.t h- -r- ili? v v:... ->ry over
the oii:; In-ii.., ihc firhish have subdued
tluu jC'plc ?mlis\ly.
The depression in the money market,
and among' commercial circles is even
more lamentable than at previous advices.
I7is Excellency Mr. McLnne. the
Annrcn Minister, was proven*', il by
indisposition from attending the Queen's
Drawing-room on the ii.iii nil. but ??hs.
McLaiii", U:>\ lady of liis Excellency,
was present. ;..ud u!so ihe Secretary o;
Legation. Mr. Uansevoort IMf*!v?ll<?.
This packet ships Montezuma. Capt.
Lowber, and Marmion, Capt. Edwards,
arrived cut on the vi(5th ult,. and ti:-.:
Joshua Bates on llic 27th.
Extensive and formidable fortific.it ions
are in progress at Havre and Cherbourg,
and other maritime places.
A free trade league has been formed
A'isit of the Queex to tiu: F itr.xcti
Court.?Private letters mention that
the preparations lor the visit oi her Majesty
Queen Victoria, to the King and
Clueen of the French, were proceeding
without intermission at the Tuilleries.
Neuilly. St. Cloud, and Versailles, and .
particularly at the Trianon.
Warlike Preparations.?The greatest
activity continues in all the dock
yards in England, and the recruiting for
the army is still going on with great spirit.
6000 soldiers were order to India, 3000
of which were to proceed l>y the overland
mail route. It is now stated that
that order will be recindud. There is a
rumor current that an additional number
will proceed to Canada.
THE OREGON QUESTION.
Nothing new respecting the Oregon
qnestion had transpired since the sailing
of the Unicorn. The editors of the Uuston
Journal have been favored with a
copy of the London News of the 4th
instant, which winds up a long article
in the following terms:?
u We hear now of an offer Jo be made
by Great Britian to accept M. Gallatin's
proposal of the 49th degree to the sea,
the line to be continued through the
midst of Filea's Straits. If the United
States refuse such an offer, which would
leave them the best nom on Vmv.'o
J ? ^
Straits. \vc can only say that tlioy are
determined to provoke war and deserve
its worst conscqucnces.
Nor do we think that they woqh? .or
could refuse, if the national inte^-Vy*,;^
desire were consulted on the
the Columbia liver. Some have"prv ? '
sed to oflcr the free navigation of the fct.
Lawrence to the Americans in return
for that of the Columbia might be stipulated,
as we before mentioned, for .1 period
of years?say to the end of the century.
Shoul-l the American Government refuse
such an ofler, we might presume
that it would refuse any offer, and was
prepared to bully and to fight. But no
party in the United''States would be
1 1 -1
tuny iuicj;iieu in uie maintenance and
pursuit of such a feeling, the consequences
of which are sufficiently formidable
to deter any, except tho perverse and
The sooner this idtimatvm is proffered,
an > the result known, the l^'ter. The
present state of .Mexican a.iuirs itn lers
c r positition, wuh rcspcct to the Government
o( Washington more critical.
Paredes and Almonte arc both pLJged
to resist the Anglo-American dictation.
And it is all as well, that, if there is to
be " struggle against the resolve of the
Un:fcd States to bullv KntU
ana American government?, that struggle
should boa simultaneous and cornbin"!
The real state of the case is, probably,
that the American government is seeking
to get the best terms, and acting the braggadocio
with our not very adroit Or spirited
government, in order to do so. Mr. j
Polk has private, as well as patriotic !
motives to win the most from us. His !
re-election to a scond term of ProsiHon. i
< y, indeed his whole character as a poli- i
tician,willbe annihilated or made by
C.. > ',
his siicccs- .he present negotiation, -c
No wonder that he strains his eflorts i
and his impudence to the very verge of i
war. But we doubt his readiness to c
.step beyond. i
TWO GliKAT VICTORIES OVER i
Ti.n mi nation op tiie War in India, i
?Since the despatch of our paper by i
the " Uui >rn.:'our ad vices from Botn- ; i
bay inform u?ol two more great buttles I
bavin:? been ibu-et in India between ;
the LJri'.ish and iIc11 armies, both tenni- I
natin,; in decisive victory to the former, j <
The first was tinder tlio command of i i
Sir i j. Smith. and the latter Sir I Iiv.;h i
(Jon^h, which was, perhaps, one of the
iiiov-t liloody on record. In Sir 11.
Smith's battle, tiio whole army of enemy
has been driven headlong over the
difficult ford of a broad river : his camp, |
cannon. (50 pieces.) baggage, stores of
ammun:*ion and of grain?his all, in
fact, wrested from him by the repeated
~\. - r i ? / . 1
j <j.! mtcs 01 cmv:iiry ana nmntry : unit in !
that of Sir Hugh Gondii the Sikhs lost !
12,000 men and 05 pieces of artillery. !
The Knglisli had 300 !ci 1 loci? 13 of
l whom \v< re ('dicers, ami *2,500 wounded,
j of whom 101 wore officers, Her IVlaj
jesty's 53.1 iuiu C:id regiments suffered j.
i enormousi}'. G> nerul Dicke and Briga!
di'-r Taylor are among the dead.
I The action commenced in the rnornj
inr. and llie wovlc of destruction had j
cl s-'d by 11 u'cLcIc in the forenoon, i
Sir Hugh ( lough's account of his bailie !
proves ii to have been, while it lasted, j
one of the most terrific on record. Un- j
iiIce the able maneuvering of Sir II.
Smith, this aflair seems to have owed its
?access to the daring intrepidily of our
men. who stormed the enemy's entrcneh|
menls. bayonet in hand, defended, as
! they were, by 30,000 Sikhs and 70 pieI
ccs of artillery. The slaughter was iin(
mouse, lur our troops braved the enemy's
| fire by reserving their bhot until they
: got within his entrenchments. i
j The intelligence from Russian Po
j l:?nil is still meagre, but it is official. !
; Field .Marshal Paskevitch has been ap- j
i pointed lo the chief command in the
j kingdom of Poland and the governments '
i of Voihynia and Podolia. Martial law j
' has been proclaimed in those three j
! provinces. Orders have been issued to !
I eall out immediately for active servicc
I in the Polish provinces all the soldiers j
j residing on unlimited furlough, or fur-j
lough for a year, in the governments of
Vilna, Key no, Grodno, Voihynia, Podolia,
Kiev, and the kingdom of Poland.
The leaders of the insurrectionary |
movement at Siedlcc, near Warsaw, I
: have already recieved their punishment. !
! i i 1 -< "
j J. inu/.ivi 11U3 ui_"C"U ill OIUW1CC j
| Kocishevski and Zarkski have been
hanged at Warsaw; Dobrytsh and
Rupprecht sentenced to be hanged, had
their lives spared, but are degraded
from their ranlc, and condemned to exile
and hard labor in Siberia ; Mirezki and
Deskur were made to pass under the
gallows, and sent to Siberia to be kept
at hard labor. Travellers arrived in
Prussia represent the number of arrests
in Warsaw as far more numerous than
those which have taken place in Posen, i
and the number of troops under arms i
and in motion in the Russian at much |
greater than in the Prussian territories, j
The military, however, is still kept on i
i the alert in Posen ; and the soldiery, \
though concentrated in great masses in i
the province, much harrassed with '
marches and countLnnard.es
In Gal lie iu the peasantry still give ocj
casioti lor much anxiety. The roads
! throughout the province are said to be
j rendered unsafe l-y their predatory
bands. A considerable forco is represented
as having drawn to a head under
a village notary at Neumarlit, in the
j Carpathians, near the Hungarian fronj
tier. Lemberg is still held in n state ol j
! siegt?. The disturbances among the j
! peasantry are understood to be extend- j
j ing across the Vistula into the Russian
! III fl fb'bntA in llwi .-.f
J - ? ?41V JLiVUOV; U1 V-/UIII"
' tnons, on the 9th of March, Mr. O'Qon!
noil stated thnt the accounts which he
: had received from Ireland, as to the rapid
progress and increase of the pototoe
decay, and the distress of people, were
' really frightful. He wished to impress
! on the government the fact that this lail- <
urc of the potatoe crop would have a fa- ;
taf effect upon the people of Ireland;
and also that the sums of money already
voted by parliament would not suffice <
to give relief to the people of Ireland. ]
Fie begged to be understood that he was j
not sueing in forma pauperis, for money
irom inis country; and concludcd by
asking the Right Hon. Baronet whether '
; he was prepared to lay upon the table
j of the House a statement of further measures
to be taken, in order to obviate the
impending famine in Ireland? *
Sir Robert Peel, in the course of his y
reply said that the government had pro- s
cured a very large quantity of Indian c
:orn, and every facility would be requied
to avert the dangers likely to arise
rom a scarcity of food. He added that
;very exertion had been made, and evey
precaution taken many months ago,
o avert the threatened famine in Ireland.
In reply to a question from Dr. Bowring,
Bit* Robert Peel said it had been
ound lit::t there liad been a great f>iiluio
in the potato crop in Italy, Spnin,
Belgium. Denmark, some parts ol Prusii:',
Prince Edward's Island, Nova ScoLin,
and other countries No dependence
l'uii lil be placed on an importation, as
the rcot was very likely to become diseased
upon the voyage.
From the *Xcw Yuri; Herald, 9th inst.
THE FOREIGN NEWS.
Wo consider this news from England,
the pacific tone of the public mind
as developed at the public meeting in
London, and the avowal of the Earl oi
Aberdeen, in reply to the remarks of the
Earl of Clarendon, of the highest importance
at this particular juncture.
The passage of Mr. Crittenden's Compromise
resolutions in the Senate by a
vote of 10 to I-], is conclusive that a ma
joritv of that body is averse to t!ic war policy
of the ultra fifty-four forty men, and
in favor of settling the Oregon question
by compromise. Although the giving
oi the notice is authorized by those resolutions,
they nevertheless impliedly
compel the President to resort to compromise
before giving the notice. Indeed,
we look upon these resolutions,
and the large vote by which they were
carried, more in the light of a solemn
recommendatiion to both Governments
to re-open negotiations of this vexed
question, and settle all the difficulties
between the two countries, in relation to
it. amicably and peaceably?we look
upon the passage (if these resolutions
more in this light, than we do as a measure
t- abrogate the convention of tin
20th of October. 1818. Although the
giving the notice is left to the discretion ol
the President, we think the responsibili
ty of taking that step directly i:
purposely avoided, for fear it would In
ronMi uca into a war measure; aiul, m
lieu thereof, a peaceable recommenda
tion to st-ttle the question amicably, b\
compromise, is substituted.
Taking all these circumstances intc
consideration, the tone of the foreigr
news, and the passage of Senator Crit
tendon's resolutions in the Senate, wc
are of opinion that this unfortunate ques
tion, which has created more injury tc
commerce, and excited more hostile fee
ling, than the whole of the territory ii
dispute is worth to either country, is ii
a fair way of being disposed of satL-fac
torily to both parties ; and that,too,before
the cxnirntioil flf civ nmntlie
some contingencies occur to mar tlu
prospect. One of those contingencies i;
this: the House of Representatives maj
not concur in the resolutions passed b\
the Senate, and the war parly may stii
persist in asserting the American claitr
to the whole of the Oregon territory.
In the event of such being the case
the whole matter will bo again throwr
into the hands of Mr. Polk. If then
.Mr. Polk should?despite of the passage
or the resolutions in the Senate, and th<
pacific tone of the Parliament and people
of Great Britain?remain obstinate, anc
throw away the opportunity which i;
again afforded, of resorting to com pro
mise, a war will follow. Althougl
England is desirous of neace. and in en
tering into a war with the United State:
would peril her existence, still the ques
lion has assumed such a shape, that ir
the eyes of all Europe and the whoh
civilized world, she would be compellet
even at such a hazard, to engage in wai
with us, it the ultra claims of the admi
nistration should be insisted upon. I
would appear, then, that there is ar
awlul responsibility resting on the cliie
magistrate of the United States. It maj
be said that James K. Polk holds the
peace of the world in the hollow of hi;
hand. God grant he may be fount
equal to the emergency.
Antarctic Continent.?It is
stated that, in Silliman's Journal)
that the expedition sent out from
England to explore the Antarctic
?0..j, ut.n?r.cii mi' meridian Oi
Greenwich and 120 cleg, east, has
(bund proof throughout of the existence
of the Antarctic Continent,
which they call Victoria's Land.
J he magnetic observations com^
menced by the Erebus and Terror
liave been completed, and the position
of the magnetic pole exactly
The New York Courier, descri jinn"
nnr> /-><' fV.^ ?1 '
? u.?v. vi tuc luniimrc siiojjs 01
;hat city, speaks of carved roscivood
bedstead^. worth 8800 ; and
:ofas, the carving bn ^which alone
i-rlii- n a 1
I nc PAimcm:
" LIliEHTY ANT) MY NATIV K SOU.." !
i c: r iaii iTTTs 11. all ! : N, Eillor. i
i Abbeville 11., S. i
! ' i
t v ? ?n i... i
1 ?? lii L/X^ IjOJ J 1\ .1 i ai'lUii IO IV). I
I IGr* We return our thanks to Mrs. I
j Maksiiali., for her hunsome present of a j
moss of strawberries.?the lirst we have !
seen this season. 1
EO" The Battalion Muster came ofl'j
. at McCaw's ohl IkIJ, <:n Saturday hist, |
i and was well attended hy ollieers and j
| privates, The various evolutions were j
j performed with much promptness and 1
i \\- ~ ..I ? r l * .. < !
I ?? v; ?tii: pjriiseu 10 mid ill aiiena- j
I uricc the L.oundesville Military Hand ; !
I and although of recent organization, j
; their performance was highly creditable
j to them. Bands of this kind should ho
! | organized m every Uattalion ol' our
i | District. The funds arising from do-'
: ! fau'tcrs could not bo applied in a more j
j appropriate and satisfactory manner.
( i Let our Colonels and Majors then see
; j to this, if tin y would infuse a military
? j spirit into tho young men of our conn-!
" | try, and render mustering, instead of an i
[ ' irksome duty, a delight.
' i Mexico.?Wo liave received no news j
" . from this country by the late papers of j
k | any interest. At the latest dates, the j
l army of occupation was at Malatnoras,
- expecting constantly the commencement
of hostilities. There is scarcely a doubt
that we shall have "a brush" with the
i Mexicans; affairs have arrived at that
. ! point which renders it unavoidable.
: The country is still in a very distracted
" and unsettled condition, and but illy
prepared to embark in a war. Over
I lures have been made to the British for ]
i assistance; but no aid will be obtained
- 'rorn that source, and Mexico must rely j
1 upon her own resources. The next
5 news from this quarter will be looked
5 for with great interest.
r Congressional.?The Oregon discus- J
1 sion hus at length been closed in the Se1
nate, after months of debating upon it,
and the notice has passed by a vote of
| 40 to 14. It is likely to meet with considerable
delay yet before disposed of
j finally. The Senate and House have
5 disagreed upon the passage of the notice,
j i and up to the latest dates, the Senate
, i still refused to recede from its disagree.
! ment to the House amendments, by a
i j vote of 31 to 20. Committees of con"
I ference have been appointed by both
" ! branches, but no report had been made
i up to 22d instant.
I ; Foreign News.?By the steamer CVsr
Icdonia, which arrived at Boston on the
| 20iii instant, \ve have news sixteen days
1 later from Liverpool. The news may
| be regarded as pacific in its tone. The
r public sentiment in England seems to
? be that the Oregon question should be
> settled on the 49th parallel.
^ Tire most important intelligence by
the Caledonia, is the success of the Bri,
tish arms in India. The Sikhs have j
been defeated, with a loss of about 12,t
000. The chiefs, it is said, in conse:
quence of their defeat, sued for peace,
and consented to pay a million and a
half pounds sterling in the course of four
years. The commander-in-chief and
1 the governor general, for their services,
are to be elevated to the peerage.
The insurrection in Poland has been
. suppressed, and the the poor Poles
doubtless doomed to a tenfold more
\\ retched, condition. It is said they had
many sympathisers in Europe, and that
. consiueraDie sums ot money were sent
to them from different cities to procure
arms, but alas, too late. We trust that
their spirits are not yet broken, and that
they may yet regain their liberties. i
The cotton market had declined a Utile
since the sailing of the Unicorn,
but had recovered ; and the news from
Indiu. tOQ'iithnr with thr* rnntiniifid an.
counts of the short crop in this country,
had produced a better feeling.
Further extracts will be found in another
part of this paper.
(for the jjanner.)
To I ha friends of Temperance, or more
particularly, to the Members of the Soc'uli/
at the Village:?
if, to expose your neglect of duty,
were to benefit the cause, wc might
state facts which are at variance with
the profession which some of you, at the
Village, made in past years. But, as
the object of this communication is merely
to excite the friends there, and elsewhere,
to a more lively sense of their
duly in behalf of Temperance, wc will
rclram from any remark that may be
calculated, in our opinion, to damp your
ardor: and yet, a wound would be inflicted
upon our own feelings, were wc
to omit ill is occasion to say. that it
strikes us out here in the country, as remarkabiy
strange, that you, at the Village,
who have hitherto carried the flag
of Temperance and unfurled its banners
in every nook and corner of the District,
should have remained so inactively silent
and indifferent on the subject, as
not even In liavo liml ?i innnlinn' i\,r\
last eight mouths, whilst we, in the
country, i/our converts to this cause, have
been holding meetings, and endeavori
ing, as well as we can, in our humble
| way, to cany the war into the enemy's
'country! What means this? Where
is Lksly? Where is Branch??(We
mean Dr. Isaac, of course.) Where is
| yourself, Mr. Editor? Where is McGowkx
? Where is Thomson ? Where
1 q TnVl.v 1 * l*. "
.W f r UII'I iViiCIV, 10 UKU UU.>1 WllUUl
himself, the Rev. McNkili. Turner?
Gentlemen, this will not do. Having
i put your hands to the plough, let us nc|
rcr look bade. And hou* can we look
j back in a cause that is " so great, and
so good, and so wise"? It surely requires
no argument at this day, to show
that it is worthy of our best and uneeal
sinof exertions, and that whilst we reIT..
| main as inactive as wo have been, it
can never move forward. A year or
two ago, just when it began to be re-,
garded as it should be. by all classes, we
began to be indi flu rent in our efforts*,
and if we continue this indifference,
much longer. we seriously fear that all
our past la \>ors will prove to have been
in vain. Lift us, then, to the conflict.
Let us \)o in fact what Temperance men
j should be?active and zealous, and inde:
fatigablc, in the use of all proper means,
j to expel from society an evil, which has
; already engulphed a large part of mani
kind in misery, and slavery, and sin.
j Let our exertions and prudence be only
j in proportion to the goodness of the
j cause which calls them forth, and all
; riVIf' 1tri-.lt
| 1 lib VyUUiM'Ill.
i California.?The tide of emigration,
says the St. Louis Reveille, appears to
be setting in stronger and stronger towards
California?the valley of the
Saerements. Oregon, for this season at
least, seeins to have lost much of its at!
traction. The enthusiasm seems to
i pervade all classes, and to have reached
! remote sections of the country. A party
from Pennsylvania, excellently well
equipped, passed through our city yesj
lerday for Independence. We hear of '
j small companies having started from
| various parts of Illinois, Indiana, and
; Kentucky. j
A party of English gentlemen are j
now in our city preparing for a tramp
in the mountains, and through the countries
on the Pacific.
The emigration promises to be a very
large one, and the cry is "still they
Since writing the above, a party of
young gentlemen arrived from Ken
lucKy, bound to California, We are rejoiced
to see that men of sterling worth
are thus casting llieir fortunes in a land
destined to fill no insignificant portion
of the world's history.
" 'Tis False," as the girl s&id
when her beau told her she had
That's my impression, as the
printer .said when he kissed his