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" LIBERTY AND MY NATIVE SOIL."
i <TT A I VC M AT.I.RX F.r/itnr
LiVIVIJJUtJ L ! 1 .V l-J i ' l . I
Abbeville I. II., S.
WEDNESDAY, JUNE :J, 181(5.
Frequent complaint has been
made to us of late by subscribers who receive
their papers at Lebanon P. O., that
they do not got thein in due time, and
often not at all. The Post Master will
be good enough to see to this mailer; for
the fault must lie at his door, and not
with us. The packages arc regularly
sent from this cilice, and this we can
sCf3 ^Vo would direct the attention
fkn moil rtlll* 1 licit wlin
VJI 111V J VUIIg II1UL1 VI VJUl 1UIJ i\- Vj ?? 11V
desire to volunteer fur the Mexican war,
to the advertisement of Capt. Marshall,
found in another column. He has called
a meeting a? his Company on Saturday
13th inst., to organize and elect officers
; and as a few names are wanting
yet to make out the number required, a
chance is offered to any person who
may wish to join his ranks.
We are requested also to say to those
whose names are down upon the lists
sent from this place to the country, that
ihi?v are desired to attend here on Sat
urday next, for the purpose of organizing.
The Light Infantry parade also
Saturday next, it being their regular
Good.?One of those characters who
go about through the country with whisky
carts, corrupting our black population
was served after the following fashion
last Saturday night, at Cokesbury. He
drove up his cart, with its ill-fated barrel
near the village; late Saturday evening,
expecting from the slander which
l-_ : I.. In i n.l ?? I
lie nuu piuviuusiy cnuuiaiuu upvu mis
place, particularly the students there, to
" sell out," by morning. And he was
sold out with a vengeance. The next
morning he was found tied hand and
foot, in an erect posture to a tree in a
conspicuous part of the village ! and his
barrel as might have been expected,
was found turned up-side-down its head
knocked out, and of course its precious
contents " spilt upon the ground." The
account which he himself gives of it is,
that about midnight some six or eight
persons came upon him, made him bestride
a rail, and in that comfortable position,
rode him a time or two up and
down the streets, and then tied him as
It appears that this fellow had been
boasting that Cokesbury was an excellent
place lo sell liquor at, that he could
easily "sell out," between Saturday
night and Monday morning to the stu
dents at any time &c. Now though
we disapprove of any man or set of men
taking the law into their own hands to
take satisfaction, yet there is much of
excuse to be found in this transaction,
for we know of no community more orderly,
pious, and exemplary than that of
Cokesbury ; and the Institution at that
place paiticularly, is noted for its morality
and good behaviour. We maintain
therfore, that they were justifiable in
thus punishing this base calumniator.
/ We have received nothing later
from the army by our late papers, and
wo /*nrinln/lft "
WW.WUI.V, luutciure, mai notmug ol
importance has transpired there, or news
would have reached us by this time.
It was Gen. Taylor's intention to attack
Matamoras and plant the stars and
stripes upon the battlements of that
town ; if such an attack has been made,
judging from the past, that act has been
done. We shall certainlv know bv the
next mail what our gallant sons are doing.
Volunteers are still crowding to
New Orleans; and every steamer leaying
that place for Point Isabel, is fil
led with men prepared and eager to battle
for their country. It is hardly probable
that the Mexicans will seek another
fight with our artny, but will retire
to the interior of the country. From
their recent losses of men, arms and ainnition,
and one of their ablest generals,
who is now a prisoner in New Orleans,
they must be much discouraged, and
we should not be surprised to hear of
disorganization and desertion in their
^ e learn by the late Washington
news that Gen. Taylor has been
promoted to the rank of brevet Major |
General, for his gallantry in the late
baltles and Capt, Walker, the Texan
Ranger, Ciiptain in the Regiment of|
sdr* The Pirate, Bam:, has been pardoned
by the President; making the
third time he has thus escaped.
We are indebted to the Hon. A.
Bum for public document.
Southern and Western, Literary Messenger
and Rev ieic : J3. B. Minor. Editor,
Richmond, Va.?Terms, $5.00 per
annum, in advance.
We have received the May No. of
this able Magazine, in which we find
much to interest and instruct the reader.
The Messenger ranks now among
tho first nnriodicals of this countrv. and
i . j 1
deservedly so : for the articles which appear
in it are characterized by ability
and a style chaste and classical. It is
acquiring a widespread popularity and
should be in the hands of every lover of
He riot's Monthly Magazine: en win
Heriot, Editor : Charleston S. C.?
Piice, $1.50 per annum.
The March and April Nos. of this interesting
magazine are before us. This
nnhlicntinn lmirirr n SnulVinrn wrnrlr
I * ?> ? ** W" "
should be patronized by the South, and
we would be glad to see it supersede
those of a similar character of the north.
It is a very neat publication, and its contributors
among the ablest in our State.
In the Nos. before us, are two fine engraving,
"Jas. De Vaux," the artist,
ar.d " Beauty and Innocence."
(for the banner.)
The Penitentiary and the Pardoning Power.
A strong argument in favor of Penitentiaries
is the fact, that they are practically
approved by some of the States,
and that our system so far, has, in a
great measure, failed to answer its end,
16 olionrn Kir iKa frnnMnr?/*??
to uu\/ ?* it. uj buu iici^u&iibjr auu ixupu III*
ty with which crime and misdemeanors
are perpetrated. It requires no argument
to prove, that the confinement of
a prison is no terror to those who,
through laziness and its concomitant
evils, are abandoned to "the evil practice
of bartering with negroes whereas
a system, which compells, under the
lash, the convict to labor, together with
the infliction of solitary confinement, in
the same proportion as it thus presents
labor under the most forbidding aspect,
to a repugnance to which may be attributed
most of those low and yet undermining
crimes and misdemeanors, must, it
would seem, tend greatly to deter from
their perpetration. That such a system
would be a saving to the State, also, cannot
be denied. And if these positions
be true, of course, a Penitentiary is preferable
to our present system of punishment.
Whilst upon this subject, we will take
this occasion to express our opinion upon
a practice which entirely thwarts the
good which would be accomplished by
the " certainty of \ iiiishment," and thus
renders still more inefficient our already
too inefficient system. Weulludeto
the exercise of the Pardoning Power,
by the Governor. That a man should
be released from the consequences of a
crime or an offence of which he has
been legally convictcd, simply because
the Executive is presented with a petition
having a great many signers to it,
is certainly a very good way to get into
the greces of the convict and his friends,
but is surely a very poor proof of a faithful
administration of the law. We are
very far, however, from charging the
present, or any of our Ex-Governors,
with exercising this high power under
me innuence of such a motive, however
much their conduct in this respect, in
some instances, is to be regretted, in
pardoning men, in whose conviction the
State was put to no litcic expense and
tioublc, arid who richly deserved even
more punishment than the paltry (
amount which the law designed should i
be imposed upon them. We hold, that <
no man should be released from the con- c
sequences of an net which he lias been I
legally convicted, whatever the nature, or ?
however severe, the punishment, except in '
the opinion of the Judge and Jury before i
whom he was tried, he be reasonably i
and justly entitled to such exemption 1
What says the press of South Caroli- '
na, upon this subject. Justice.
(for Tin: banner )
Mr. Kditur.?In your paper of the
29th April, I find a communication 1
from " The Country," addressed to the
friends of Temperance &c. &c., at the
village. I was sflad to see that " The
Country," was interested in our whereabouts,
and hope that the author of the
call, intends to exert more fully his fine
talents, and bring all his energies into
the field this year.
True, we have not held a meeting for
several months, but u the village society
is not dead," it only sleepeth. There
are many reasons to be advanced in extenuation,
if not in entire justification of
our course. Some are candidates for office,
and if we were loo active, we might
be ostracised. Others are already in office,
and could not think of neglecting
their duties to visit friends in the country.
Some have been a leetlc luke
warm in the cause of Temperance, oth
evs arc frozen up, but as the warm wea
ther has commenced a thaw, may be
expected, and some think it unneceesary
to hold temperance meetings as the
residents may not go out to hear. The
President of the u village society" is one
of the most noble hearted sons of temperance
and is at his post. No dout?t
" the country'1 will soon hear from the
;t village society" as there are signs of
awakening to be seen.
In answer to "The Country's" enquiries,
I would say that IjKSly'ssword,
has become rusty, and dull, from last
year's service, but call at the Ordinary's
Office any day, (Sundays excepted) be
lore the bth of June, and you will hnd
him during- his leisure hours rubbing
up and sharpening that same old sword,
with which he will do good service this
Summer. Jones is, and will be engaged
until after the second Monday in
June, with Guardians, and Wards, trying
to keep them in good humor with
each other, (a difficult task,) after that
time he will take down his helmet, "cry
havoc and let loose the dogs of war."
Thomson is ready. As to "yourself
Mr. Editor," you have been busy in settling
the Oregon question, and although
upon that subject you are regarded as
one of the 49 men, upon the subject of
temperance, we hold you to 54 40.
" Dr. Isaac" has been engaged in spreading
blisters, making pills, and in attending
temperance meetings; we
know that he has attended two this year.
i r_: i a vi_ ji _i
my p<n lion I'll uifiiu " ivi i:\jruwitfty" although
a thorough going tcmperance
man, cannot be brought up to the speaking
point; we are sorry for this, for he
has talents of a high order, and might
wield a tremendous influence upon this
subject. Spierin, Fair, and Lee,all "all
right," and ready to " fall into line." I
cannot name all here who are warmly
interested in this good cause.
We at the Village, are equally interested
in the whereabouts of our coun
try friends. Can " The Country" inform
us where to find our friends at W illington,
Hopewell, Cokesbury. and Due
West? "The Major," reports all well
at Republican. Where are the Press
T1 n *
.L.YS, nKMPHlLLS, jl/avises, f. a. connor,
S. L. Hellar, A. A. Roberts, and
" last not least," M.J. Williams? Is
the Major in his tent with his armour
off? There arc many others in the
country who are able to do efficient
work?where are they ?
We at the Village propose to report
more additions to the society on the
second Monday in July, then "The
Country," what say you Gentleme?
May 6lhf 1846.
The N. York Express of Saturday
afternoon says?We learn
that a highly respectable foreign
merchant, residing in this city, and
having several vessels lying in
Vera Cruz, has just returned from 1
Washington, from an unsuccessful
application to our Government, for
a permission for these vessels to '
load on American account, to come
from Vera Cruz to this city. This j
reqnest has been peremptorily re- j
fused, from which it may be infer- |
red that a most rigid blockade has ]
been ordered, and is to be maintained.
Paredes, the President of Mexico.?
jcn. Thompson, in his work recently
published, " The Recollections of Mexico,"
seys that General Paredes is a man
)f talents and acquirements in his proession,
and is spoken of as a gentleman
ind a patriot. Paredes, Valencia and
Canalizo were the three Generals in the
most important commands under Bustainente.
" Paredes, Valencia went over
lo Santa Anna, and thereby consumated
the overthrow of Bustament's government.
Canalizo adhered with a noble
fidelity to the fortune? of his chief, and
after Bustamcnte was vanquished,
held out for a long time at the head ol
only three hundred men. and bv his re
inarlcablc gallantry obtained the sobri- \
quel of the ' Lion of Mexico.' As soon
as Santa Anna was firmly seated in
power, he showered favors of all sorts
upon Canaiizo; amongst other things,
appointed him President ad-interim during
his own abscence from Mexico
He very soon quarrelled with Valencia
and Paredes. The former gave up his
command, and the latter was arrested
and imprisoned in the little town of Tula,
thirty miles from Mexico Paredes
resides in the city of Guadalajara, where
he is greatly beloved and respected.
The department of Guadalajara is in
every respect the finest in Mexico, with
more intelligence, and of course, virtue,
better farms, a better population, and
sounder political principles than any
other. Gen. T. knew, when he left
Mexico, that Paredes was only waiting
for the proper moment to strike, and
that his friends in Guadalajara were perfectly
oiganized, held regularly secret
meetings, and were also only waiting
for the. moment of advantageous opportunity.
This, unfortunately for himself,
Santa Anna gave them. Reposing in
the false security which his flatterers
had made him believe that he enjoyed,
and no longer apprehending any danger
from Paredes, he appointed him governor
of Sonora, a department upon the
Pacific Ocean. On his way to his department.
Paredes passed through
Guadalajara, and his arrival there was
(Kn eirrriol f/\i? ~ ? "
eiguui iUl U1U jMUnUllLliUIlUlllU
which resulted in the defeat and overthrow
of Santa Anna."?N. Y. Suji.
The War on the Rio Grand.?We
publish in another part of this morning's
American the official account of the late
conflict on the Rio Grande which resulted
so triumphantly and gloriously to
the American arms. It will be seen
that the official statement confirms sub- j
stantially the accounts previously received.
In all points of view these victories
are brilliant. With choice of position,
and superior numbers the enemy
awaited the approach of our little army
fic nf a r\nm/\/l v* si 4? -1.%
uu v/I u UUUIIK/U UU1IU 111111 IU uu
struction. So confident were they of
victory that preparations had been made
in advance to celebrate it, and instructions
were given for conveying General
Taylor as a prisoner to the city of Mexico.
But the Mexicans were soon to
learn some new lessons respecting the
inctal of the men they had to deal with.
Our brave fellows moved right on dashing
upon the eneiny with a gallantry
and heroism which make a battle and
victory synonymous terms. The second
day's conflict, more fiercely contested,
was still more decisive in its results.
May's bold charge upon the Mexican
battery, carrying >t with his dragoons,
was no common exploit. The whole
~ ? ^ ' Ml- .
UI.UUII nao, IIIUUUU, c( series U1 Ul'llllilOl
exploits, and throughout the efficiency
of the American arms was strikingly
displayed. The Mexicans themselves
fought well; their best troops, doubiles*.;
were in the fk'ld.
Nothing could better illustrate the
value of our system of military instruction
than these victories on the Kio
Grande. The enemy were astonished
at the terrible destruction caused by our
artillerv. 'I'hp r?r?rl <K?/>nninliclio/l
Ringgold, whose death the country deplores,
yet whose fall could not have
been more glorious, had for years devoted
himself with the enthusiasm of a soldier
having his heart in his work, to the
training and instruction of his men in
the use of their field pieces ; and he had
brought that arm of the service into u
degree of efficiency which was the combined
result of science, industry and
courage. The admirable description of
the infantry moving on the enemy with
the bayonet, of the cavalry charging
upon his batteries of the heavy artillery
RWfieninrr thfi flanks wno nil ovamnll.
g- 0 -? ? ? " ?ii vAuuipir
fied, and reflected the highest credit
upon the skill and gallantry of officers
and men. Let us hear no more cavillings
at the noble Institution at West
Point which gives annually to the country
its rich contributions of military
knowledge, discipline and valor all to
be of such inestimable worth in the
iour of danger.
We cannot let pass this occasion with>ut
adverting to the duty of the Repub-;
lie to make known, by some suitable token,
its high sense of the merits of our
brave defenders on the Rio Grande.
With the national name and honor in
their keeping they have exalted both;
they have added a new page to annals
of our militnrv rnnmvn
j . i?, uni^iuiiu ^jiyc3
to her heroes the honors of knighthood
and the peerage, pensions during life,
and monuments in Westminister Abbey
to consecrate their memories. With
a gratitude less ostentatious but not less
sincere we can proffer to our victorious
warriors some substantial assurances
that their deeds are appreciated and their
names cherished. Let him who has
done well in a subordinate sphere be
promoted to a higher; the privilege of
ampler and wider room to serve his
country is dear to the heart of the military
man. We cannot doubt but the Government
will testify its sense of the services
of the victors on the Rio Grande
by the promotion of all who distinguished
themselves in the recent battles on
that river.?Bait. Amp.rrc.n.n..
Major Ringgold.?The death of
this accomplished officer is a heavy loss
to the country. He had been entrusted
with the revision of a system of tactics
for our army, and devoted much time
and study to improving upon the English
and French systems. His corps
was as line a one as any service could
boast. He leaves unfinished, we think,
a work which he wr.s preparing on the
utility and practicability of the flying
artillery arm in our service. Major R's.
constitution was much impaired by his
long campaigns in Florida, but passionately
attached to the profession of arms
he still remained in the army and died
a martyr to his country.
His ueuili lias stricken thousands of
hearts thai gush under the blow, with
feelings which no ordinary public calamity
could have excited. He was
generally known and appreciated in this
city as the Bayard of the age?the star
of the war; and his career was watched
with anxious eyes and hearts. That it
would be glorious no one doubted ; but
who thought that an orb so bright would
sink so early ? The soul of chivalry
and honor, accomplished as a soldier,
lofty as a patriot, beloved as a man, it
demands an agonizing to reconcile us to
such a sacrifice. And yet it is a nobleone.
In the flash of his fame he has
died as he lived?for his country. The
offering was doubtless a glad one. He
desired no brighter fate than such a
death ; he could leave no richer heritage
than such an example While we feel
as if destiny had robbed the future of the
fame which such a nature must have
won ; we dare not repine that his career
has been closed, in its morning,
with this sunburst of glory. His memory
will be gratefully cherished so long
as honor has a votary, freedom a hero, or
his country a name.
The Dead and Wounded Officers.
?In looking over "slips" containg a
list of the officers killed, we thought it
might be well to place against their
names the names of the States in which
each was born, which we do by referring
to the Army List: ?
i i) I *"? rrCrf\ 11
"*v" x""dd""j "
a native of Maryland. He died on the
! 1th inst. from wounds received on the
Major Jacob Brown, of the 7th Infantry,
was a native of Massachusetts.
Lieutenant Zebulon M. P. Inges, of
the 2nd Regiment of Dragoons, is a native
of Alabama. He bears a military
name, as we suppose it is Zebulon Montgomery
Richard E. Cochrane, 1st Lieutenant
in the 4th Regiment of Infantry, was a
native of Delaware
Theodore L. Chadbourne, 2nd Lieutenant
in the 8th Regiment of Regiment,
was a native of Maine, probably
I The wounded officers were as follows
Lieutenant Col. Mcintosh, 5th Infantry,
Lieut. Col. Payne, 4th Artillery,
Capt. Page, 4th Infantry, Maine.
Capt. Hooe, 6th Infantry, Virginia.
muiuguuici^i UMI AIIIWHMJJ
Lieut. Roland A. Luther, 2nd Artillery,
1st Lieut. Collinson R. Gates, 8th
Regiment Infaniry, New York
2nd Lieut. John G. Bur bank, Massachusetts
Lieutenants Selden, McCIure, and
Jordan.?Philad. V. S. Gazette.
i-EQUISlTION UPOM GEORGIA. We
understand, says the Augusta
Constitutionalist, that a requisition
has been made upon the Governor
of Georgia for 800 men for
the Mexican war. Our gallant
State will doubtless furnish this
small quota by volunteers.