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Vol. III. Abbeville C. H,, S. C. June 24, 1846. No. 17.
Published every Wednesday Morning, by
ALLE N KEK K.
Sir to arcrws.
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From the Houston (Texas) Telegraph.
SUMMER QUARTERS OF THE
ARMY OF OCCUPATION.
Magnificent Prospect.?We learn
by a private letter, that Gen Taylor has
expressed a determination to make his
summer quarters at Monterey, and there
is no doubt that with the force now under
his command, and the volunteers
that are hast, ning to his standard that
he can establish his summer quarters
in any part ot the eastern provinces of
Mexico that he desires. The valley of
Monterey was visited during the Federal
war, and they all describe it as an
earthly paradise; groves of oranges, lemons,
figs, and pomegranites, surround
the city ; the whole valley, which is irrigated
by countless rivulets of pure and
wholesome waters is but one continuous
garden, producing various kinds of vegetables,
and tropical fruits in abundance.
The climate however in summer is rather
too warm to be agreeable to persons
from the Northern States: but a short
distance, in the elevated plains along
the mountains, the climate even in mid
summer, is as cool and salubrious as
that of the Catskill mountains. Even
the northern fruits, such as the apple,
pear, &c., arc produced in abundance,
in those elevated regions. When our
troops once get pleasantly located in
that delightful region, they will be very
unwilling to forsake it: and the glowing
descriptions they will circulate
throughout the Union, will ere long excite
a desire amon? all classes to annoy
it to the United States. The stupendnous
chain of the Sierra Madre is a
boundary meet for a great nation ; but
the insignificant Rio Bravo is onijT suitable
to define the limits of States or
From the Union.
Letters have been received at the Navy
Department from Monterey, bearing as
late a date as April 18.
The unwarranted attempt to drive
Capt. Fremont from the country has already
Been alluded to in the newspapers.
After having been ordered away
bv Don Jose Castro, mmmanrlnnt ornrw*.
-J _ J ?
ral, Capt. F. expecting an attack, fortified
himself about twelve leagues distant
from Monterey. Castro assemhled
about 100 men in Iront of the. entrenchment.
After remaining there three
days he concluded to treat, when it was
discovered that the party had quietly
gone off*, leaving some old saddles ami
trash which the Californians magnified
into munitions of war.
Three hundred riflemen offered their
services to Captain F. but the}' were
The movement against Capt. Fremont
seems to have been directed by
the Cen'ral Government of Mexico;
but it is not believed that the people of
California entertained any ill will to
wards him, or would willingly have
done him harm. His own conduct in
the whole matter seems to have been
marked alike by courage and discretion.
We subjoin a copy of a letter written
by him to the American consul at Monterey,
when in expectation of an attack,
and received by the consul in the evening
of March 10. The captain re
mained in excellent health and had gone
" My dear sir : I this moment received
your letters, and without waiting
io read them, acknowledge the receipt
\vhich the courier requires instantly. I
.am making myself as strong as pos>ible,
Jit HJC Wine Aft nu U1U if UJ
attached, we vyiU fight to extremity and
refuse quarter, trusting to our country to
avenge our death. No one has reached
my camp ; and from the heights we are
able to sec troops (with the glass) mustering
at St John's, and preparing cannon.
I thank you for your kindness
and good wishes, and would write more
at length as to my intentions, did I not
/ear that my letter will be intercepted,
"y^e have in no wise done wrong to the
people or the authorities of the country ;
and if we are hemmed in and assaulted,
we will die, every man of us, under the
flag of our country.
Very truly, yours,
' 1 z-i T^nr'Sf A\TT
j. u r ivijmuj.i i.
P. S.?I am encamped on the top of
the Sierra, at the head waters of a
stream which Stokes the road to Monterey,
at the house D. Joaquin Gomez.
J. C. F."
Tlu*. Washington Union, has the following
notice of the preparations for a
desccnt on Santa Fe:?
The Volunteer Expedition to Santa
Fe.?This expedition, under the
command of Colonel Kearney, to which
this country looks with so much interest,
is at present pushed forward with the lit
most vigor. All the supplies required
?ordnance, stores, subsistence, baggage
trains, &c., were expected to be at Fort
Leavenworth early during the present
week. When it is remembered says
the St. Louis Republican of June 3d,
that this expedition will require near a
thousand mules for draught, several
hundred horses for the ordnance, and for
mounting the dragoons, at least two
hundred wagons, a large stock on foot,
and other stores in proportion, and that
the requisition only reached here last
Sunday, some idea may be formed of the
despatch with which the United States
Government officers have performed
The same Journal adds:?"No delay,
we are assured, will occur, if the
volunteers arc as promptly at the point
of rpnflp7Wntl5 no cimnlinc n? n?/>
W. ? vww MO HIU OU^pUVCj VI U1U 1 UU*
dy for the march as spon as all other
things are prepared. Several of the
companies raised in counties on the Missouri
river, will set out to-day for Fort
Leavenworth, and it is beiieved that
nearly the whole number will be mustered
into service at the fort, by the last
of this, or the first of next week. If any
delay is caused by the non-arrival of the
volunteers, it will probably occur from
the companies raised in this county?
they "being farthest off, and having greater
difficulties to contend with, than
those in the interior counties. We presume
that as soon as the companies are
ready to leave, they wi.l be furnished
with the necessary transportation; and
it occurs to us that they should be despatched
as fast as they can present
themselves, properly mounted and
V 1 A - II - ? ?
equipped, yvi an events, we nope tliere
will be no delay on account of the troops
from this quarter."
NEW ORLEANS, June 11.
Mexican Affairs.?We have been
gratified by an interview with Mr. Dimond,
our former consul at Vera Cruz,
who sailed from that city in the U. S
steamship Mississippi on the 30ih ult.
Mr. Dimond informs us that Santa A'nna's
arrival was daily expected by many
persons in Vera Cruz, and that the country
was ripe for his reception.
A plan of a new revolution had been
published, based upon the Constitution
of 1827, upon which it was sm posed the
Federal and the. Santa Anna parties
would unite. The FVd?-rsi lists \vor*?
unable to make head against the Government
by themselves, but when joined
by Santa Anna's adherents the. success
of the two combined could scarcely
In this plan the Texas question was
slurred over, nothing being said about it.
Mr. Dimond thought it quite probable
that Santa Anna and Almonte would
arrive at Vera Cruz by the next steamer
from Havana?this, however, was
doubted by some well-informed parties.
The period for the general elections
had p:issed, and it was not thought that
a sufficient number of Congressmen
! were elected to form a quorum. Paredes
is waiting for the meeting of Congress,
! to get permission to leave the seat of
J Government at the head of 10,000 men
?avowedly for the Rio Grande; but
j the better opinion seemed to be that this
i force was designed for his own protecI
The death of the Archbishop was a
heavy blow to the monarchical parly.
Upon his death bed the ambitious prelate
regretted that his life could not be
spared to assist in consummating the
schemes of that faction. With him the
hopes of the monarchists have died.
The Departments are pronouncing
against Paredes in every direction. His
heavy demands upon the churches and
the States have rendered him more unpopular
than before. It is not thought
he can maintain his power for any considerable
length of time.
Recruiting for the Army was going
on at Vera Cruz, but only a few men,
and those of the lowest sort, were found
willing tp enlist. In the city of Mexico,
Government expresses arrived frequntly
from the Army; but as nothing of their
contents were allowed to transpire of
Into, the impression was that the Mexicans
had inet with disasters.
In regard to the large English squadron
upon the Pacific, Mr. Diniond is of
the opinion that those vessels had been
sent out with reference to the Oregon
question. He does not think it probable
that they have any instructions respecting
the war with Mexico, or the seizure
of California in consequence of the war.
Touching this mutter however, there is
room for doubt. The British fleet ofF
Western Mexico was quite large, and if
the oth?*r fleets in the Pacific join it, as
was expected by some, it would be a
very formidable force.
Tiie R*ncueros of Mexico.?The
Ranrhcros, part of the material of the
Mexican army, are half Indian r?nd
half Spanish in their extraction ; gaunt,
shrivelled, though muscular in their
frames, and dark and swarthy visaged
as they are, these men are the Arabs of
the American continent. Living half
of the time in the saddle, for they are
unrivalled horsemen, with lasso in hand
they traverse the vast plains in search
of the buffalo and wild horse. The killing
of these animals and the preparation
and sale of their hides are their sole
means of livelihood. Their costume
generally consist of a pair of tough high
ieggins, with sandals of the same material,
bound together with leathern thongs
7 # O O
over which is a blanket with a hole in
the centre large enough to allow tho
head to be thrust out, and which falls
not ungracefully over their shoulders,
leaving ample room for the play of their
arms. Add to this a broad straw sombrero,
and the lasso hanging ready for
7 t DO J
use in his girdle, and you have the
Ranchcro as he appears in the time of
peace. Join to this a long lance with a
sharp spear head, and his belt plentifully
supplied with pistols and knives, and
i _ d?l 1? -
^jvju nave mt; MvncfiKTu as u uieinuer a
troop of banditti, or as a soldier in a body
of Cavalry. Their power of enduring"
fatigue is almost inexhaustible,
and a scanty meal per diem of jerked
beef and plaintain suffices them during
months. These are the men who comprise
the great body of the Mexican
cavalry, and they are to the armies of
that nation what the Cossacks are to the
Russians?ever on the alert, never to
be surprised, and untiring in the pursuit
of the foe, when plunder, no matter how
trifling is to be obtained.
A Government Currency.?It is
undeniable that if the war with Mexico
is protracted beyond three months that
some species of government paper cur
rency, probably in the form of treasury
notes, will become indispensable. The
transfer of large sums in specie between
remote parts of the Union, not only deranges
all existing pecuniary relations,
but involves, a heavy public expense for
its transportation. A limited issue of
Treasury notes as a temporary financial
expedient, will save this necessity, and
the amount, if it should not exceed ten
millions, will, by limitation, prevent
their depreciation. A resort to direct
Texas, unless the war is protracted, or
becomes more general, would be inexnn/linnt
nnrl if nt;on r^6nrfo/l In tV?n r\rn.
duce of such taxation would not be available
to the treasury in less than two
years, requiring that time to mature the
machinery. The duties from imports
will be greatly lessened by war, whilo
the necessity for anticipating their payment
into the treasury is no less urgent
.than in the case of direct taxation. A
resort, therefore, to loans or to some specis
of government paper, would appear
to be inevitable. Loans are the proper
expedient in a war promising to be protracted,
for they cannot be negociated
to advantage unless they run for a long
terra of years, while Treasury notes, re
deemable at any period, and preserved
from depreciation by limitation in amount*
are the appropriate financial resources
during hostilities of a probably
limited duration.?Char. JZve. News.
The Baltimore Sun gives the following
as a plan to fortify Washington in
raw nf wnr
An army might bo raised sufficient to
keepoffSatan himself, upon the following
plan: let ?he President announce three
vacancies in any of the Departments?in
three days a sufficient number of officeseekers
would arrive to swallow up all
the troops that Victoria could muster,
with pepper or salt.
Gnowixt; Honors.?A few years ago,
a friend of ours was out upon a trout
fishing excursion, and after the fatigues
of the day were nearly ended,?whether
with any thing more than " fisherman's
luck." we know not?lift ftntnrr>rl
a public house in a neighboring; town,
for refreshment. He there encountered
a garrulous old man, who had done his
country some service in the Revolution,
with whom he fell into conversation.
The old man was poor, lie said, and expiated
so feelingly upon the inconveniences
of his poverty, that our friend,
who is always benevolently inclined,
was considerably removed. It was not
then regarded a sinful thing to drink a
glass of toddy, especially upon a fishing
expedition?indeed it was a matter nlmost
universally admitted, that the fish
would'nt bite unless there was a bottle
of black strap along?and so he asked
the man to drink.
" Thank you, Captain," said the old
man, and the drinks were despatched.
Our friend had ordered dinner, and
when it was ready, he invited the old
hero to dine with him.
;? I declare Ma jor," said he. " you are
very kind?I don't care if I do."
After dinner, a cigar was handed him,
with the request, that he would join in a
"Well now, Colonel, I do declare,"
said the jld man, ' you are very generous."
Conversation went on, the hero fought
his hilttlps nvnr nnd niror nrrxin ov.z-1 iimo
? ? -WW w? V? MIIU V ? V* U^UIUj uuu *? uo
indeed very happy.
' Come my old heartysaid our
friend, " let us take a little something
more before we part."
* General," said the old man, " you
are too generous,?but, as you say, I
can't refuse a glass, at parting."
Our friend then extended his hand,
on taking leave, and in grasping that of
the old hero, he deposited a half dollar
" What is this?" said he, "a half dollar?
What is that for?"
Oh,"said our friend, "if will help
you along a little, in the rough journey
of life, and I am very glad of an oppor
tunity to do a kindness to one of the
men who fought for the liberties we en
joy " .
This was too much for the old man.
The tears started to his eyes, and he
eon Id only utter, almost choked with
emotion?" God bless you Governor."
FARMERS AND TIIEIR CHILDREN. TllC
paramount duty of the agriculturist is to
elevate his class, and place himself in
the position to which he is entitled. No
idea more fatal to the supremacy of the
farmer ever possessed him than that of
educating some one child in particular
what is denominated learned professions.
Let Agriculturists educate their
children thoroughly, regardless of any
such partial, unfair and unjust consideration.
As agriculturists. l?t thf?m pH
ucatc their children for agriculturists.
Let them not give bread to one and
stones and serpents to the others. Let
them bear in mind that education adorns
and improves the (Cultivator of the soil
as much, as it does the lawyer, the doctor
or the divine. It is a false notion
and unworthy the citizens of a free republic,
that education was not necessary
to the cultivator of the soil. When
we reflect that this is a free country, and
that freedom can only be preserved by i
the pure light that is reflected by knowledge,
can the cultivator of the soil hesitate
a moment to put his shoulder to the
whee' 1 If he loves his children, educate
them : if he loves his couutry, educate
them.- It is a duty he owes to both
children and country.
An Incident.?"A gallant young
officer of Baltimore," in a letter from
Point Isabel to the Baltimore Patriot,
relates the following exciting*incident of
the battle of the 9th:
" I must tell you a piece of bad luck
that happened in Camp Taylor. Four
bumb-shells fell into my tent, (where
the stores are) from the enemy's battery,
and two exploded, knocking everything
to pieces?a shot struck a basket of
champagne and dashed it to atoms, and
then went through a barrel of molasse*,
and such a scene of molasses and champagne
you never did sec?fortunately,
no one was hurt.
WILL be conspicuously inserted at ?"?
cents per square for tne first insertion,
and 37 ? cents for each continuance?
longer ones charged in proportion. Those
not having tho desired number of insertions
marked upon them, will be continued
until ordered out, and charged according y
For advertising Estrnys Tolled, TWO
DOLLARS, to be paid by the Magistrate.
For announcing a Candidate, TWO
DOLLARS, in advance.
0^- All letters or communications must
ho directed to the Editor, postage paid.
Cheap Barometer or W eatiier
Gr.Ass.?Take a long Cologne bottle
, 0 o
and put into it two ounces of common
gin; then pulverize and add two
drachms of camphor, half an ounce of
nnvifin/1 ? "*
|,un.i^vt mm.., uuu iiiu same quantity ol
ammonia. Then cover the mouth of
the bottle with a piece of bladder or
parchment, perforated in several places
with a needle. When the solid portions
settle, and the liquid becomes clear, fine
weather is indicated, and the reverse
when the storm-king is abroad. Twenty-four
hours before a storm, the composition
will be in a state of fermentation.
In serene and hot weather, the solid portion
will sink close to the bottom. The
wind will always blow from the quarter
opposite to the side to which the
tt T _ _ -
" 1 mark on't.ytiie hours that siiixe."
?This is the inscription upon a sun dial
in Italy. It inculcates a beautiful
lesson which too many are prone to
disregard! It would teach us to remember
the bright days of life, and not to
forget the blessings God is giving- us.
Life, it is true, is not all bright and beautiful.
But still it has lights as well as
shades, and it is neither wise nor grateful
to dwell too much upon the darker
portions of the picture. He who looks
upon the bright sides of life, and makes
the best of every thing, will, we think,
other things being equal, be a better and
happier man than those who, as Franklin
says, " are always looking at the ugly
leg," and find occasion for complaint
and censure in almost everything they
meet with.?Sar. Georgian.
The Three Friends.?Trust no
friend before thou hast tried him, for
they abound more at the festal board
than at the prison door.
A certain man had three friends, two
of them he loved warmly ; the other he
regarded with iruliflWnnpp. thniKrh that
ono was the truest of his well wishers.
The man was summoned before a tribunal,
and tho' innocent, his accusers were
bitter against him.
u Who among you," said he, " will
cro with me, and bear witness for me ?
For rny accusers are bitter against me
and the kind is displeased."
The first of his friends at once excused
himself from accompanying him, on the
plea of other business. The second
followed him to the door of the tribunal,
there he turned back and went his way,
through fear of the offended Judge.
The third, on whotn he relied the least
spoke for him, and bore witness of his
innocence, so that the Judge dismissed
and rewarded him.
Man has three friends in this world ;
how do they demean themselves towards
him in the hour of death when God calls
him to judgment? His best beloved
friend, gold is the first to leave him, and
accompanies him not. His friends and
kinsman accompany him to the portal
of the grave and then turn back to their
own homes. The third, whom he is
most neglectful of, is good works. They
alone go with him to the Judge's throne,
they stand before him, ^nd speak for
him, and obtain mercy and grace.
r?ofnt?T? *r U7 a ?
ftO 1 IjlVi* ?f XI jTM. ov/iu a
neighbor a dog, which he recommended
as first-rate for raccoon hunting. Shorti
iy after, the purchaser met his neighbor:
"I say,, friend, this 'ere dog don't
know a 'coon from a sheep."
" You've tried him, ha V'
" Yes, and he ain't worth a curse."
"Well I didn't know exactly how
that was; but as he was'nt good for nothing
else, I thought he must be the
very devil after coons " %
some money.?ivir. w eosier etatea a
few days since in the Senate, that he had
ascertained from the best authority that
the expense of the Military department
of the Government was at present nearly
a half million of Dollars per diem.
This is at the rate of one hundred and
eighty millions per annuuty and chiefly
brought about by a war with "imbecile
insignificant Mexico." Query?What
I 1 J Sa la im A ITTOr TIT I v* v rt r?l 0
WUU1U 11 uo ill U vrui vtuu juugiauu r . ,
_____ i 4
" This here feller," said a witness in
court, the other day, " broke our windet
with a tater, and hit Isabeller Oft the El-r
ber, as she was plying on the pranner.'1