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THE BANNER. I
| WEEKLY. |
Vol. III. Abbeville C. H., S. C. July 1, 1846. E?o. 18.;
Published every Wednesday Morning, bv
ALLEN & KEKR.
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Fiom the South- Western Mechanic.
A HELIC OF '70.
There was recently discovered anions
the papers of the late M ijor Shoel'inyer,
ail ardent patriot of the Revolution, the
following interesting document. It is a j
discourse delivered by the Rev. Jacob j
1 rout, on the evening before tlie battle
of Brundywine i. e. on tlit: 11th of September,
1777. It was pronounced be
fore the main body ol the American
army, in presence of Gen. Wayne, and
other distinguished officers of the. army.
R EVOLUTION A R Y SE RMO.W
' They that tuku the sword, shall perish
by the sword."
Soldiers ami countryman :?
We have met this evening perhaps |
for the last time. W e have shared the |
toil of the march, the peril of the fight, !
and the dismay of the retreat alike ; we
have endured the cold and. hunger, the
contumely of internal foe, and the courage
of the foreign oppressor. We have
sat night after night, beside the camp
fire ; we have together heard the roll of
the revellie, which called us to duty, or
the beat of tatto, which gave the signal i
for hardy sleep of the soldier, with the
earth for his bed and knap sack for his
And now soldiers and brethren, we
rally on the eve of battle while the sunlight
is dying away, beyond yonder
heights, and the sunlight that to-mor
row morn will gliuitner on scenes of
blood. We have met amid the whitening
tents of our encampment; in time
of terror and gloom have we gathered together?God
grant it may not be for the
It is a solemn moment. Brethren
docs not the solemn voicc of nature,
seem I echo the sympathies of the
hour 1 The flag of our country droops
heavily from yonder stafT?the breeze
has died away along the green plain of
Chadd's Ford?the nlnin that snromU
before-, us glittering in sunlight?the
heights of Liie Brandy wine arc gloomy
and grand beyond the waters of yonder
stream?all nature holds a pause of
solemn silence, on the eve of uproar and
41 They that take the sword, shall periah by
And have they not taken up the
Let the desolated plain, the blooilden
vallies. the burned farm-house blackening
in the sun, the sacked village, and
the ravaged town, answer?let the whitening
bones of the butchered farmer
strewn along the fields of his homestead, j
answer?let the starving mother, with!
her babe clinging to the withered breast j
that can afford no susiaincnce, let her an
swer with the death rattle minf/linir <
C? O |
with ihe murmuring tones that marked !
the last struggle of her life : let the ily- i
ing mother and her babe answer.
It was but a day past and our land |
slept in the quiet peace. War was I
not here. Fraud and woe, and misery |
and want, dwelt not among us. From i
the eternal solitude of the greenwoods,!
arose the smolce of the settler's cabin, 1
gloden fields of corn looked forth amid l
the waste of the wilderness, and glad
music of human voices awoke the silence
of the forest.
Now, God, of mercy, behold the
Under the shadow of a pretext, utidi-r
V?p siinrtitv nf th?? n:irr?A < ?! ("iivl inirn.
king thr Redeemer to heir aid, do those
foreign hirelings slay our people ! They
throng our towns ?they darken our
plains, and now they encompass our
posts on the lonely ple.in ol Cliadu's
" Tliey that take the sword, slist!l p.-ritsli
by the 8word."
Brethren think me not unworthy of
belief when I tell you that the doom of
the British is near. Think me. not vain
.when I tell you that beyond the cloud
now enshrouds us, I see gathering
thick ajid last, the darker the blackest
storm of divine retribution !
The may ponquer us to-morrow.
Minht nr?H wrnntr mav Drevail. and we
?"* o J r 9
may be driven from this field but the
honor of God's own vengeance will
if in the vast solitude of eternal
space, if in the heart of the boundless
universe, there throbs the being of an
awful God. quick to avenge and sure to
punish guilt, then will the man George
Brunswick, called King, feci in his
br.iin nnil heart, the vengeance of the
eternal Jehovah! A blight will be
upon liis life?a withered brain of ae- i
cursed intellect; a blight will be upon
his children and on his people. Great
God how dread the punishment!
A crowded populace, peopling tin*
dense town? where the man of money I
thrives while tin- laborer starves ; want |
striding among them in ail its lorms of)
temr; an ignorant and God-defying
priestl.ood chuckling over the miseries ol
millions; a proud and merciless nobility
adding wiong to wrong, and heapinsr insult
upon robbery and fraud; royalty
corrupt to the very heart, and aristocracy
rotten to the very core; crime and want j
linked hand in hand, and tempting men !
to deeds of woe and death?these are a I
part of doom and retribution that is to
come upon the English people.
Soldiers?1 look around upon your
familiar faces with a strange interest!
To-morrow morning we will go forth to
the battle?for need I tull you that your
unworthy minister will march forth to
battle! Need I exhort you to fight the
good fight, to fight tor your wives and
My Iriends, 1 might urge you to fight
by tho gulling memories of the British
wrongs. Walton?I might tell you of
your father butchered on the plains of
Trenton ; I might picture his grey hairs
dabbled in blood; I might ring his
death shriek in your cars Shelmirc?
I might tell you of a butchcd mother,
and a sister outraged ; the lonely farmhouse,
the night assault, the roof in
flames, the shouts of the troopers as they
despatched their victims, the cries for
mercy and the pleadings of innocence
for pity, I might paint this all again, in 1
the vivid colors of the terrible reality, if
I thought your courage needed such
But I know you are strong in the
might of the Lord. You will march
lortli to battle on the morrow with light 1
hearts and determined spirit, though the 1
solemn?the duty of avenging the dead
?may rest heavy on your souls.
And in the hour of battle, when all (
around is darkness, lit by the lurid cannon
glare, and the piercing musket flash,
when the wounded strew the ground, (
and the dead litter your path, then remember
soldiers, that God is with you.
The eternal God figiits for you?he
rides 011 the battle cloud, he sweeps onward
with the march of the hurricane
charge?"God the awful and infinite
lights for you, and you will triumph.
* They thai take the sword, shall perish j
by the sword." j
You have taken the sword, bnt not in
the spirit of wrong or revenge. You
have taken the sword for your home?,
for your wives, for your little ones. You
have taken the sword for truth and justice
and right, and to you the promise is
?be of good eheer for your foes have
taken the sword in defiance to all that
men hold dear, in blasphemy of God?
they shall perish by the sword.
And brethren and soldiers, 1 bid you ;
all farewell. Many of us may fall in i
the battle of to-morrow. God rest the
souls of the fallen?many of us may
live to tell the story of the fight to-morrow,
and in the memory of all will ever
test and linger the quiet scene of this
I solemn twi.igiu advances over mc ;
! valley; the woods on the opposite
heights fling their long shadows over j
; tin- green of the meadows ; around us i
! aio the tents of the continental host, the j
; suppressed bustle, of I he camp, the hur- J
, ried tramp of the soliiers to and fro j
| among the the tents, the stillness and j
j awe that marks the eve of battle,
j When we meet a?;ain may the sha- j
: dow of twilight be flung over a peaceful :
land?God in heaven grunt it.
Moral principle is the citadel of!
the heart. All education, therefore.
which is conducted irrespective
of this, is hut. I he erecti< n of
out-works to besiege the strongholds
! The expenses of the Empress of
| Russia, during her sojourn in Italy,
arc estimated at ?,40,000 per
Gen. Gaines, it is said, is about
sixty-nine years of age ; Gen Scott
about sixty-four, and Gen. Taylor
From the Baltimore Sun.
Five Days Litter from Europe.
ARRIVAL OK THIS
ST E A MS! Ill' C A L E DO NIA.
The steamship Calcitonin, Capt. E
G. Lott, arrive) at Boston on tlio 18t!i
The cotton market has been reduced |
4 . ~r - ? 1
uijum iu u ui comparative quiciuue
Prince Louis Napolron has arrived
in England incog., and is about t<? leave
for Florence, there to join his invalid
It would appear from what O'Connel ;
stated on Monday, that Sir Robert Perl j
is determined to press forward the Irish j
Coercion bill when Parliament re-as- I
semblcd, alter the Whitsuntide holy- !
The Oregon question has now ceased j
to give any uneasinrss.
England lias offered Ucr mediation
between the United States and Mexico.
Mr. Pakcnham lias received instructions
to that eflbet from the British (Jovernmcntby
The second reading of the Irish Coercion
bill is take place on Monday next.
Respecting the fate of the Ministry
the impression is, that Sir Robert Peel
is far in advance of his colleagues, and
that he is anxious to apply to sugar the
free trade principles which he has extended
The annual statement of the Exchequer
is given, comparing the income
with expenditure for current year?anticipated
surplus of two millions two
hundred pounds. But the increased expenditure
in Navy and Ordnance de
parimenis mis year, oniy leit a surplus
of seven hundred seventy-six thousand
of which seven hundred thousand was
received from China.
The Paris paper La Presse, of Monday,
reached our oflice last night, which
announces that orders had been sent by
the Minister of Marine to Urest, and the
other military harbors, to despatch a
number of ships to the Gulf of Mexico,
lu reinforce the squadron stationed there,
in cousequcnce of the war between the
United States and Mexico.
The Overland mail of May 1st
reached London yesterday. It possesses
no political, anil little commercial
interest The seeds of another contest
in the Sikh country were sown at the
termination of the late war.
Portugal has been the scene of another
attempt at revolution, consequent ;
upon a change of the ministry It ap- I
pears that for the Portuguese it would '
have been a more than ordinary euergo- j
*!/? n I
Freights at Livetpool?The warlike
tidings per Cambria, have tended to
check shipments in some degree, and a !
few houses having determined not to |
ship in American bottoms, has caused j
some little enquiry for British vessels. j
There is not, however, a single Aine- j
rican ship in the port, unfreighted. The j
amount of freight going forward is still
limited. In the absence of much demand
for passengeis, ship business must
be considered dull, notwithstanding the
unusual scarcity of tonnage.
British Parliament?Mr. Hume
asked whether the government had been
officially informed that the President of
the United States had received direc
tions from Congress to give notice to
this country of their intention to terminate
the joint occupancy of the Oregon
territory, and whether that noticc had
Sir Robert Peel?I can have no objection
to answer the question the honorable
gentleman has put to me, by stating
that the American President has
given to their Majesty's Government the
formal notice necessary for the termination
of the existing convention, at the
termination of the year. And in doing
so, the President has adopted, the terms
which were assented to by both, Houses
of the Legislature of the United States
That the notice was given with the
view of leading to an amicable adjust
ment of the differences between the two
countries on this subject. [Hear, hear.]
The opposition Paris journals all side
with the United States, and predict an
early con'|nest of Mexico. The apprehensions
caused by the Mexican wor
weighed 011 the Paris money market.
The losing scenc in the French Chamber
oi Deputies showed that M. Thiers I
had lost none of hjs pujrnuciousness. I le j
?? 1?lt 'I I
It .71111111 LI I I Willi II IC I l ilt UUVfl^ill Vj
M. (ju.zo!, in which the culm philosophy
of the lirst .Minister was more than a
match lor the fiery little historian of the
The commercial treaty between Prus- !
sia and Turkey, which has been so j
long >n preparation, was signed on the;
:JUth of April.
Tiie Ghoi.kha.?We have already i
stated that the Cholera had made its ap- |
pearance in some of tiio provinces of!
Persia, carrying deatli into the principal j
towns. It has spread from Bukhara to i
I lerat and Mesliio. and has now taken)
the direction from the Caspian Sea to
Teheran and Ispahan. Late accounts
from Odessa state that it had crossed the
Russian territory and iipj^fcjed sudden- '
ly at Till is, taking a nortl^^ly direction
iwtt ?lw\ i.m.?-.%! ~ '
1?? \.v^n iiiu vsti2*i/iuii aim ui?iv. iw ouiis, j
On the other side the Ceolera broke out !
unexpectedly at Orenburg, in the mines |
of the Ural mountains; it crossed the
Volga, and set its loot in Kurope. at Casan,
only 2,001) kilometers from rft. Petersburg.
Li' the accounts wo have received
arc exact, it has taken a most irregular
direction. It has advanced
from west to north, and does not seem to
have followed the banks of the river, as
in 1828 and 1832.
From the Rio Grande, June 1 si.
The editor has not room for much
either of preface or apology for his prosent
enterprise. To chroniclc Camp
anecdotes and ribald jests or fill his little
sheet with odd advertisements ior pecuniary
profit, would be an uncongenial
task. He had a higher aim, which
speaks for itself in his leading article of
to-day's paper. The avocation is new
to him, and was prompted only by a desire
to promote the mutual interests of
the two countries, now so needlessly
warring in unequal combat. His first
nKlirrnt!Ano ??ro /Ino t/\ lnc n?if I
Ul V MUU IV/ XI IO I1UH ? IKIIU^
but he would also contribute, if he could,
to shield a neighboring and undoubtedly
the most intelligent portion of the
! Mexican people, from the devastations
of war of which their territory is made
the theatre, and which they must be the
victims if they oppose, and the beneficiaries
if they unite, with a race which
seems destined by Providence ?.o shed
over this Continent the light of a higher j
civilization and a purer mortality?a i
race that bases freedom upon knowledge j
?that breaks down the barriers of rank i
and privilege, and elevates the whole
mass of its pe?>j>le in the moral and physical
scale, with the lever of universal
It is a rare spectacle in the world's
long history, to a nation, forced into war
by continued aggressions, by repeated
and systematic spoliation upon the pro
perty and rights of her citizens, and in
contemptuous disregard of national cour!
tesy, 'every species of insult publicly,
j heaped upon her Minister; and at the!
| same time the actual hostilities preceded
! by tiie brutal murder of peaceable fanii- j
[ lies?their wives and daughters first vio- j
latcd before their eyes, and then butch- :
ered in one common pile?it is rare, we
repeat, to find examples in history, i
\vhpvr> ni\'?vr?<rntums so nirruMmia hsur#* '
slumbered unavenged m the victors !
memory. Where is the campaign re- j
corded in which rapine did not follow i
rapine with willing hand and deadly
! will? Yet the American Army has
paid this lofty tribute to its country's
character. Kven in the hour of battle,
in the deadly conflict and the clash of
sieel, not one vindictive blow was given
?not an enemy was struck after he
ceased to resist; while on the other side, [
the only two corpses that fell into the
hands of the Mexicans, were, stripped !
and mutilated with savage ferocity.
Since the occupation of Matamoros, j
the. mumcip.il authorities of the city I
have been in the peaceful exercise ol'i
their functions, nor has a citizen been
molested in person or property by the
American forces. The printing prtS3
from which this sheet appears, being
claimed as private property by a citizen,
is respected as such by the commanding
General, although it was used for
government purposes under Arista and
Ampudia. It is rented by its present
WILL be conspicuously inso. d a
cents per t-quarc for tin; lir.*-1 ins<?rtio<?
and M7J, cents lor each continuance?
longer out's charged iti proportion. Those
not having the desired number of insertions
marked upon thorn will be continued,
until ordered out, and charged accordingFor
advertising Estrnys Tolled", TWO
DOLL A IIS, to be paid by the* Magistrate.
For announcing a: Candidate, TWO
DOLLARS, in advance.
0^7' All letters or communications must
b?* directed to th?* fcditor, postage paid.
Editor from il> Mexican proprietor, and
the payment guaranteed to his own satisfaction.
Let these fuels convince the people of
this valley, that we arc not the lawless
robbers, wliich their base rulers have described
us to be. Let them inquire of
their own neighbors, who daily come
among us to sell their produce and who
receive the market price for all they
bring us. Let them be prepared for our
onward march, and, remember, in the
words of a great Spanish Captain, of her
ehivnlrie days : i; fear ye not, the brave
at.il generous soldier is only co be dreaded
in the field of battle."
n,n. rv. .-v,...,- \vu.,? - ?
v^mw WV.>1U1. II lull ?l 31JUI1IUU
spectacle does this ??rent Union present
;it the present crisis! What a glorious
tableau for the eyes of our brother patriots
in the old world! A nation of
merchants, of artisans, of agriculturists,
of men of peace and industrial habits,
has been transformed into a nation of
warriors at the signal of war. The heart
of the American leaps at the sight.
The soul expands with high and holy
aspirations at the thought. The sneers
and menaces of kings full alike before
the uprising of a free and determined
people. Wherever we turn, the most
gratifying assurances of patriotic love of
country meet our view. From the Rio
Grande to the waters of the Aroostook
we behold the same exhibition of devotion
to our country. Cannon answers
cannon 'rom one extreme of the Union
to the other?the shouts of victory that
went up from our little army on tha9th
of May, have been responded to in every
valley, on every mountain top in the
ocean-bound Republic. Millions of
voices have echoed the electric word,
and millions of strong arms are uplifted
to perpetuate it.
Are there croakers among us who
would detract i rom our joy and hush,
our voices by pointing towards the white
cliffs of Albion the trembling finger of
tear??let them rise up from out the ignominy
of coward selfishness, and take
a bird:s eye view of the scene which is
before them. Look abroad over the
land! Look at Louisiana, at Alabama,
at Missouri, and at Kentucky, Mississippi,
Texas, Georgia, Virginia, the
Carolinas. Ohio, Maryland, New York,
and to the far eastern border. Look at
our own old Keystone! and behold city.
...n i i ,i?. ?i: :*!,
viiaujju aim iici ill ici aiivu wiui jji trjiu I iitiou.
Can this people ever be subdued
by a foreign power? Millions ol hearts
uniting in one great America, respond
?millions of hands point to the stars
and stripes and proclaim with more
power than words, " they shall float
America stands alone upon the Globe,
the greatest, the most liberal, the most
magnanimous of nations? Her noble
institutions are the pride and the glory
of her people?her strength is in the
sinews of freeman whose allegiance is
love. Whatever of discontent, whatever
of local discord or political strife arise
in times of peace, the first footfali of the
invader is the signal fur general and indivisible
union. The native born and
the exile, the believers in all creeds, the
members of all parties, forgetting alike
birth, prejudice and preference, fly to
the standard oi the btates; a host ot
brothers, assembled upon the general
That there arc isolated exceptions, we
must admit, though it be with the generous
pity with which one beholds the.
prostitution of beloved kindred; but
these are so lew as to hardly mar the
glory of the groat whole. Many humane
but misguided minds revolt at the
idea of war, and shrink from its horrors
even when the nation's honor is at stake;
and there may be a very small class
who, though nurtured on our soil, have
given up their birth-right to the common
1'. ...1 . L. _ I
eut-iuy. 1 ti wiicii mu gicai
comes these will be as chaff before the
breath of patriotic public sentiment: in
a moment tliey will be swept from the
stage of existence, remembered only as
examples to future generations.
Philadelphia Weekly 'limes.
The moro vou know. flip, more
modest you should be. Even
where you are sure, seem rather
doubtful; represent, but do not
pronounce; and if you would convince
others, seem open to convici