Newspaper Page Text
FROM THE ARMY.
Gen. i aylor is in good health and in
Rionoso was taken without a blow
by Col. Wilson. A deputation from
. the citizens of Riodoso waited on Gen.
Taylor to give up the town, on their return
they were imprisoned, but released
C!en. Taylor expresses the opinion
that there will be no fight with the Mexican
people this side of the city of Mexico.
The reports of troops concentrating
at Monterey is not credited at Mala
A false alarm was raised a few days
since at I Jra/os Santiago, that 300 Mexicans
had landed at that place. The
Kentucky Ijegion and Featherston's
Regiment turned out to meet the invasion.
Much confusion ensued, but the
alarm turned out to be a false one, and
the invading army some 300 miles.
4 l^mvn i o ilnm/v * *- 11 ? ?-?/I ill
wwjrv. ? IC ilj ClIIU Will
be in New Orleans in ii few days.
Maj. Armstrong and Col. Mcintosh
are slowiy recovering.
The barque William ivy, Capt. Hoffman,
has arrived from Brazos Santiago,
having sailed thence 011 the 12th inst.
She brings us the letter which we give
below from our correspondent, but her
advices are not so late as the Fashion's.
Capt. Ker, of the 2d Dragoons, and
liieut. Scott, of the 7th infantry, came
passengers on the barque.
Capt. Hoffman reports that the brig
Archelaus arrived at Brazos Santiago
on the 12th inst. from Tampico, with
Mr. Chatzell, the former American Const!
I at Matamoros, and several other
Americans on board. The had previ
~l.. u,. i r. n,i-? i.
\jusiy ucuu uiuuiuu nuiii ltuHuiuuius uy
A passenger reports that an express
arrived at Matamoros on the Gth inst.,
with intelligence that a reinforcement of
5000 Mexicans had arrived at Monterey,
as he says, under Arista. We give
the rumor as we hear it.
Fort Polk, Point Isabel, )
2 o'clock, P. M., June 8, 1946. $
Editors of the Picayune: -Gentlemen
?News reached here a few moments
since, or rather 1 should say a rumor,
though it came through a channel that
is deserving of confidence, viz: IViata
rnoros, that Gen. Alvarez had declared
in favor of Herrera?that Gen. Garcia
died a short time since of wounds, received
1 know not when, and that Gen.
Torreion fwho rnmmnndpil fhp tn-n /}>nn.
sand crack troops who took Capts
Thornton and Hardee, with sixty-three
men,] is in a condition wiiich allows no
hope of his recovery. He was wounded
in some of the engagements with our
troops in tliis vicinity. Arista's army is
in a sad conditon, a severe fever prevailing
among his men, which is rapidly
reducing their numbers. Gov. Henderson,
commander of the Texan volunteers,
has this moment arrived at this
post, and is now receiving a salute of
cannon. The Governor is a tall, soldier-like
gentlemen, of middle age, appears
to be in fine spirits. He is accompanied
by a small body of fine looking
j\. detachment ol Ins troops arc now >
cncampcd about six miles from this port,
on the road to Matamoros. It is understood
that they will immediately march
some distance on the road to Monterey,
and Mr. Kendall, of your "family,"
will accompany them. I go to Matamoros
to-night from which place I shall
be able to tell you more about the movements
of the light corps of the army.
In haste, H.
The Yucatan schr. Joaquina, Capt.
Martinez, arrived last evening. Shd
left Campeachy the 12th inst. We
learn through letters received by a commercial
house in this City, that the Legislature
at Merida bad declared the independence
of Yucatan and its disseverance
from the Mexican Republic It
is intended now to appoint Senor Barba_i
cu<xiiu, me acting governor 01 i ucaian,
President of the Republic of the w three
stars." Some of the most influencial
citizens of Yucatan have not hesitated
to express the hope that in two or three
years from the preset time, if not before,
they would see those three stars added
to the fast increasing number that are
now crowding into the banner of the
stars and stripes.
The Joaquina left Campeachy on the
12th instant. The U. S brig Somers
was the only vessel of war off the port.
Every thing was quiet. There are
several Yucatan vessels at Campeachy
up for this port, and some two or three
On their wav hithfir. ThA Jnannirin
J ? ?1*-* ?
came inlo port under the Yucatan flag.
LATEST FROM MEXICO.
In the Havana Diario de la Marina
of the 9th inst, brought to us Jast evening
by the enipresario, we find a letter
dated Vera Cruz the 1st inst., from
which we make the following extract:
The Consuls of neuter nations have
nrntoctn/1 n rrn inet
|/a vvvwtvvt u^uiitgv 111V vivcrVUUV \J I III IC
port, declared on the 20th of this month
by the commandant of the U. S. fleet,
which allows only 15th d iys for foreign
vessels to leave the port. The principal
portion of the American fleet is now
at Isle Verde, and the American men-ofwar
St. Mary's and Falmouth, and a
small brig, are cruising before Tampico.
Many families arc leaving this city
for the interior. We are now here as
in lode, with only dillerence that the
Castle is in a better condition.
After much delay, the Congress of
the nation had the first meeting- on the
27th, Senor ttustumentc (the Ex President)
being appointed the same, and it
is generally believed that Paredes will
be elected legal President of the Republic.
It is said that Paredes will march
over to Matamoros at the head of a
strong army,the largest portion composed
from the body of troops called Reserve.
The day for the departure of the army
is fixed already, but no body knows it.
Gen. Bravo will occupy the Presidency
The suspension of payments continue,
and business remained in the worst
concmion. i ne government naa called
a meeting for the purpose of procuring
resources, which I believe can hardly be
obtained^because the clergy is not able
to pay the ^|ount of #90,000 monthly,
asked by tl^government; and on the
other hand the actual condition of the
several States is not such as to expect
from them any resources.
There has been another dissolution of
the Ministry. The Secretaries of War
and the Treasury?Tomel and Iturbe
?are known to have resigned. The
former, it was thought, would be succeeded
by Gen. D. Ignacio de Mora y
Villamil, and the latter by D. Antonio
Garay, a merchant.
The great topic of conversation at the
i.ajMLai ? uo niu piujjuocu ucpauuii; Ui
Paredes to take thecommand of the
army of the North. He himself was
bent upon doing so, although dissauded
by many considerations of policy and
by the advice of his friends. Should he
take the neid, it is said he would have
under his command an army of 16,000
men, including in these the army of reserve
and the troops of Arista
Reports were in circulation in the
city that General Arista was to be called
to the capital to answer to charges preferred
against him, but the correspondent
of the Diario thinks this not at all
The splendid frigate Christiana arrived
at Vera Cruz on the 22d ult., and
supplied the Spanish vessel-of-war lying
at Sacrificious with three months' provissions
and left orders that she should
Arista assigns as his reason for withdrawing
from Matamoros its destitution
of provisions, and the want of means to
defend it if vigorously attacked.
El Indicator of Vera Cruz.of the
30th ult. says positively, that Paredes
will march to the frontier with the army
of Keserve, so that there are laurels yet
to be won by our ariny and the brave
Two Mexican Generals, names not
given, are reported to have died of their
wounds received in the actions of the
8th and 9th.
The port of Acapulco has been declared
closed to foreign commerce while
it remains in possessession of the insurgents
under General Alvarez
Th.? Kl nr?Irorln r\f ? I
~ Uiuv.n.uuu Ul was cum*
menced by the sloop of war St. Mary's
on the 20th ult. with the same notice to
foreign Consuls, &c. as were given at
F/om the Philadelphia North Ameiican,
It is impossible to read the letter of
this time-worn veteran to the War Department
without coming, however reluctantly,
to the conclusion, that the
measures of his service, is to the last
drop, full. It is to be regretted that circumstances
rendered the publication of
the evidence of this fact necessary. To
use his own phrase, he has no grey
Ui tro on *?/v *l~ ? * ^ ??" '
nunc, oavo muse niui ji.ive wnuenea in
the service of his country. He should
be regarded and treated with the veneration
that is due to the past; for the
crumbling ruins of the patriot who has
won the triumphs of the country, who
has served her long and with zealous devotion
and unspotted honor, should be
sacred. No good can result from courts
to enquire into the patriotic errors of
.his infirmity?for the latest (though the
chill has reached his head, it has not
touched his heart,) he has had but one
wish?to offer his aged bosom once more
in defence of his country. The idle and
unthinking may discover in the infirmities
which age, and toil and hardships
incurred for his country, have brought
upon him, subject for a ribald jest or a
heartless censure; but better men will
nave better thoughts, and will see in the
tottering columns of that crumbling
temple of patriotism honor, whose alter
burns purely and brightly to the last a
theme for reverence and admiration.
Were it possible, we would hope that
the old hero might never know that the
country of his love grew younger, as he
grew older, and that her heart
ceased to beat quickly and fast when
his victories were named. He would
die of the thought. His retirement
seems to be inevitable ; it should be an
honored one?crowning a manhood of
ft! A?Mf on O/rn n f* /I inr r* 1 ?? *1 ?t?J
j uu ugu vi ui^uu^ ciliu
" LIBERTY AND MY NATIVE SOU.."
CHARLES H. ALLEN, Editor.
Abbeville C. II., S. C.:
\imT\MnC1f\ i -?r TTTT Tr - -
vv , JULI 1, 184U.
Mr. P. D. Kleu'gii will accept
our thanks for his present of four mammoth
onions, the largest by far we have
ever seen?the average weight of each
being about one pound.
?n3=' We are indebted to Messrs.
Summer & Carroll, for a copy of the
Proceedings of the Agricultural Convention,
and of the State Agricultural
Society of South Carolina.
Id3 In reply to the inquiry of our
Correspondent " Zepii," we would say
that a rumor has been prevalent in the
village for a few days past, that there
would be spirits furnished at the dinner,
as to thv truth of this we are unprepared
to say. We are informed by the Committee
appointed to sunervise the dinner. I
A ? A "7
that they are to hold a a inceting to-day
at which time that matter will be dejiniiely
|d=* We are gratified to learn that
the McDuffie Guards were inspected by
Col. Tilman, on Monday'last, seventytwo
men were present including officers,
several of the volunteers being unavoidably
absent from sickness. We have
no doubt however tbat the ranks will be
filled up when orders are received for
them to take up the line of march. An
election for field officers took place, and
ex-Governor Buttler received the unani.
mous vote of the Company for Colonel,
Capt. J. F. Marshall, for Major, and
Capi. T. W. Gantt, a majority for Lt.
Colonel. It may be well enough to
state that Capt. Gantt, only announced
himself as a candidate a few days previous
to the election.
Celebration of St. John's Day.?The
Ancient Free Masons of this District,
celebrated the 24th instant, at this place,
in memory of their Patron, Saint John,
the Evangelist. A procession was
formed at the Masonic Hall at 11 o'clock,
A. M., and marched to the Methodist
Church, under command of Brother Jos.
A. Hamilton, Marshal of the Day,
where, after prayer by the Rev Geo.
Moore, and the singing of an Ode, we
were entertained by a very able and eloquent
address by Brother Mat. J. Williamsj
from thence the procession
moved to the residence of the Rev. J as.
Moore, and there partook of a sumptuous
dinner prepared for the occasion.
Numbers were in attendance, and harmony
seemed to rule the day. It is,
pernaps, unnecessary that we should
make any very extended remarks upon
tho address referred to, as it is to be
published; but we wish it could have
been heard by those opposed to Masonry.
For its style, however, and appropriateness,
and the eloquence with
which it was delivered, we consider it,
and all whose opinions are known to us
in icgaiu iu u?ana iney are not a lew
?as a" gj eat treat"
Celebration of the 4th of July.?We 1
nfncii m n 1 io 11.. j?i ?
pi^gutaiv* M V iO ^UUUIUliy ULiUUiOlUUU V
among our friends in the country that a i
dinner will" be given at this place on <
Saturday next. And as a rumor has I
gone into the country that none have !
the privilege of attending but those in- I
vited, we take this occasion to say it is l
false, and that all will be welcome who <
may feel disposed to attend. The Com- I
mitte are making ample preparations for
a large company. Col. Tilman has <
been appointed orator of the day. i
?E3= The following capital pun was
handed us a few days since by one of
our villagers, which was written impromptu
upon the Qpcasion :?
Right and Left.?On seeing John '
Wright who had lost his right hand 1
writing with his left.
Oh Wright although thy right hath left I
Right well thou dost write with the left ,
that's left thee.
From the Army?We have nothing
still of very great importance from the
army. Reynoso had been taken by
Col. Wilson without opposition, and
Camargo, it was thought would be also
taken without resistance, as a deputation
had been sent by the inhabitants to Gen.
Taylor to capitulate. A depot for provisions
for the arinv will be made nt this
J ' ~
place. Paredes was anxious to take
command of the army, which, in such
event, would consist of about 16,000
men. It is also reported that Arista ,
had been ordered to the capitol to an- (
swer charges preferred against him.
Foreign News.?Upon the first page I
of this week's paper will be found extracts
of foreign news brought out by
the Caledonia, which is five days later (
than that of the Great Western, the >
most important item in it is, that England
has offered to mediate between the
united states and Mexico, it such be ,
the fact we have no doubt that hostilities^ ]
will soon be at an end between this
country and Mexico. It is also stated
that England has given Mexico to an- <
derstand that she need not look to ,lier
for assistance. Another equally impor .
tant item is, that France has directed
an increase of her naval force in the
Gulf of Mexico in consequence of the
existance of the war, the object of this
movement of course is not know except
Mr. O'Connel it is said intended to
press forward the Irish Coercion Bill
1 m iofnlir n An* "LI! ?? - C
uiit 1 lilU lU'USSCIIlUlillJJ OJ
Parliament. The Oregon question had j
ceased to give any uneasiness. Prince '
Louis Napoleon had arrived in Eng- (
"fThe Oregon Treaty Ratified.?A1-1!
though the secrecy of injunction has not j
yet been removed from the Senate,
enough is certainly known with regard
to ihe Oregon Treaty, "to enable us to
say that it has been ratified in that body
by a vote of 41 to 14, and that it has
been sent to England to be approved of
by that Government. The terms are ;
the 49th parallel with the whole of Van- 1
rnnl/nr's Island and fha nAmmnn .? ?
_ W. M UMV4 II1VS WIUIIJUI1 I'OC Ul
one of the Straits of Feuca to the English,
as well as the navigation of the j
Columbia river until the expiration of i
the Hudson Bay Company's charter !
which will take place in 1863.
This cannot be otherwise than gratifying
to every American and lover of
peace and harmony ; for had this ques- i
tion not of been settled thus amicatfly,
and our country been plunged into a 1
war with England, how unhappy in- j
deed would have heen our condition 1 j
Although our means are ample to main- <
tain our liberties and to defend our !
rights, yet it would necessarily have to j
be done at the expense of blood and trea- ,
sure, and the nation involved in a debt j
of millions, which would require years 1
to liquidate. We have then cause to ^
rejoice that the storm has passed harm- j
less over, ours is a lofty destiny, the ,
nrroatnaoo A -- *
^ wMkiivog ui AiKicncti is yci 10 oversna- i
dow the world. When we recall a few
centuries and look back upon the little '
band of Colonists, contending with all the ]
privations and miseries of a wilderness ]
home in Virginia, and the down-trodden
Puritans flying from the persecution of
he mother country to the Rock of Plynouth,
that they might there enjoy freelorn
of opinion, and worship their creator
after the dictates of their own consciences?the
wilderness receding before
the swelling tide of population?
temples dedicated to the living God
crowning spots which once witnessed
the infernal rites of Indian superstition
?flourishing cities and towns scattered
over an trie land teaming with a free
and intelligent population?we say
when we consider these things, our rapid
growth as a nation, America's is a
high destiny. And though we may yet
be called upon to sacrifice many of our
gallant sons upon the battle field, and
experience all the calamities of war, the
strong arm that lead us unscathed!
through the eventful struggles of the
Revolution will encircle us, and plant
the Stars and Stripes at least in every
quarter of the Western Hemisphere.
T/ie Cholera.?This dreadful disease
lias made its appearance again in Moo
ireai, n was ai tms point it broke out
some years ago when it ravaged our
country, sweeping off thousands of our
population to untimely graves. We
trust that this awful pleague may be
shut up in the lazaretto's there, and sting
to itself death.
FOURTH OF JULY!
The Committee of Arrangements for
the celebration of the approaching Anniversary
of our National Indepandence
it Abbeville Court House, publish the
Following as the
ORDER OF THE DAY.
A r 10 Ml 1 1
xx oaiuic ui 10 yuiis win oe nrea at
[lay-break, in honor of the " old thirteen
At 10 o'clock precisely, a procession
under the command of Lieul. Col. McGowen,
the Marshal of the Day, will
be formed in the public square of the
Village, in the following order:?
2d. The Escort, consisting of the Abbeville
3d. The Volunteers for the Mexican
War?special guests of the occasion.
4th. The Artillery.
r-.i. rni _ /"<*. *
oin. i ne L^iuzens generally.
Gth. Invited Guests.
7th. Committee of Invitation.
8th. The Clergy.
9th. The Officers of the Day.
10th. The Orator and Reader.
The procession will then move in the
\bove order to the grove near Mrs. Allen's
spring, where an oration will be
lelivered by Col. Hiram Tilman, the
Orator of the Day.
At 12 o'clock, dinner will be served,
ifter which the President and Vice
Presidents will read the toasts prepared
for the occasion.
By order of the Committee of Aarrangeir?Rr?l<5
1 I W ??
?r II AlVi/UAWj VII Il?
Astonishing Invention.?The most
extraordinary triumph in Mechanical
art the world has ever known,one which,
next to the PhUosopher's-Slone and Perpetual-Motion,
has engaged the attention
of scientific men for ages, has at last,after
over twenty-five years of unremitting
toil been accomplished by M. Jrobert
Professor ol Mathematics in Vienna. It
is an Automaton figure of a man so constructed,
that, by the use of sixteen keys,
similar to those of the Organ or Piano,
it can be made to articulate words
perfectly in the English, French, Spanish,
German and Latin Languages, saluting
its friends with a " good evening"
or morning, giving the most precise emnhasis.
intonations and accents in what
ever language it speaks. The th so difficult
to the Frenchman to sound, thrills
harmoniously from the automaton, and
its powers of vocalism are equal to those
of the first living artists. While sneaking,
or singing, the breath issues from
its mouth and nostrils like that of a human
being. M. Fober has brought this
wonderful man-machine to America,
and having allowed a private examination
of it in Philadelphia to Mr. T. P.
Barnum, that gentleman has effected an
arrangement for M. F. to accompany
him to London, for the purpose of mtroiucing
him and his semi-human instru*
ment before Queen Victoria and the
Rot/al Family whose favor and kindness
have been afways so largely bestowed
ipon Mr. Barnum. Mr. B. and M. Foter
leave this country for Europe by the
Boston Steamer of July 16th.
N. y. Sun.