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CEREMONIES AT ROME ON
THE DEATH OF THE POPE.'
The following ore the principal ceremonies
observed at Rome on the death of
the sovereign Pontiff:?
" As soon as the reigning Pope had
ceased to live, the Pope's Great Chamberlain,
accompanied by the Clerks of
the Apostolical Chamber, is conducted
to the bedroom of the deceased Pontiff.
where he verifies his mortal remains,
and receives from the hands of the Master
of the Chamber, * the fisherman's
jring.' ?This ring, find the seajffare broejttibvjte
^iief master of JfctftteremonicSjdn^prHemc^
of" all ther Cardinals.
TheT?ope's Great'Chamberlain then
holds a congregation with the same
Clerks, and in this re-union he appoints
all the officers of the Chamber.
Twenty-four hours after the Pope's
death, his body is embalmed. In the
evening of the third dav, it is transpor
ted to the church of St. Peter's with the
same pomp that surrounded the Sovereign
Pontiff on the solemn occasion ;
there is also a detachment of artillery
which forms a part of the cortege. The
body, thus embalmed, remains exposed
in the Chapel of the Holy Sacrement
during three days, the head turned towards
the altar, and the feet touching
the railing which encloses the chapel.
The people pay their last homage of
respect and regret to the mortal remains
of the Pope by kissing his feet through
" A large and rich catafalque is raised
during this period in the middle of the
principal nave of the basifica. The
portrait ot the deceased rope, and tne
most memorable events of his reign, are
painted in gay colors, and ornament the
different sides of the mausoleum. The
funeral commences in the evening of the
third day by the ceremony of interment,
which takes place in the presence of the
Great Chamberlain, the Cardinals appointed
by the deceased, and the clerks
of the chamber. The body, enclosed
in a triple coffin, is afterwards placed
near the chapel of the choir until the
time of sepulture.
" The funeral ceremonies last during
nine days. The Cardinals, prelates,
magistrates of Rome, officers of the pontifical
household?all those, in fact, who
usually assist in the Papal chapels, are
present at these ceremonies. The Sacred
College assembled before the funeral
mass, in the sacristy of St. Peter's,
and there anDoints the different nublic
officers for the government of Rome,
the Council of State and the Conclave."
" The Church of Rome," says Galignani's
Messenger, " is now rendering
to the deceased Pope its last offices,
which are called the Noven Diali, because
they last nine days. The cardinals,
formally assembled, exercise the
sovereign authority, and are making
preparations for the great act of the election
of a successor to the late pontiff,
who must be one of their body. The
diplomatists are admitted to short audi
ences. .Each minister, alter the usual
compliments, ventures to give his private
recommendations, but always in
general terms, waiting till his letters of
credence are to enounced, and which
must be addressed to the Sacred College,
which receives them at the grated
wicket of the Conclave. In the evening
of the day when the Cardinals
enter into Conclave, they proceed there
in procession, chanting the " Veni Creator."
During this evening, the mem
bers of the diplomatic body may enter
into the Conclave, and the cells or apart
merits of the cardinals. At the closing
of the night an official walks through
the corridors ringing a bell, as the signal
of departure, and the Conclave is
closed in, not to be reopened until after
the election is consummated. All this
will pass on the Uth inst., between 7
and 10 o'clock. The Conclave is guarded
by a prince, called the Mairshal ol
the Conclave, posted at the outer gates.
The first steps taken in the election
will be taken on the 12th.
All Kiiainoso io ononon^A/1 ~
vvboiiivwo io gug|;vuuuu UUllIJg tilt?
sitting of the Conclave, even the tribunals
suspend proceedings, and the only
authorities that retain their functions
are the Camerlingua, the Grand Penitentiary,
and the Vicar of Rome. No
order can be issued from any other authority
without being specially confirmed
by the assembled cardinals, which
confirmation is transmitted immediately
to the Governor of Rome and the Treasurer-General.
According to the custom
which has always been observed,
the arrival of the Cardinal Legates and
the fnreian ftardinals will he wnitorl fnr
5" ???F? *w*
before the election is seriously entered
upon. The first may arrive at Rome
in time for the second or third day oi
the Noveit Diali, and the others by the
* i!wl- J -A *
iweiuiem any aner trie death ot the
Pope, consequently there can be no
election before the 20th. inst, unless
some unforeseen event shall occur. To
constitute a valid election, the candidate
must obtain at least two-thirds of the I
votes minus his own. If 45 Cardinals 1
are assembled, he must have 30 votes, i
and there be 46 the majority must be 31. ;
If the conclave be composed of 57 mem- i
bers, the election will be completely !
canonical, if one of the candidates has
38 votes, without reckoning his own."
Tiie Greaest Iron Gun Ever Cast
Yet.?Yesterday afternoon another
stupendous piece of ordnance was cast '
at Algers's Foundary, South Boston,
which, when finished, will exceed Captain
Stockton's celebrated " Peacemaker"
by 5000 pounds in weight. The
arrangements for the operation were
commenced in the morning-, by filling
the furnaces with metal, and firing up.
The quantity of metal used was about
46,000 pounds, and the amount of coal
consumed in reducing it to the requisite
state of fusion was eight chaldrons. At
six o'clock, P. M., repeated experiments
having been made with it in small
quantities, the inetel was pronounced to
be in a fit condition for use, and the
grand operation of casting was comI
i mi _ ? r 4
menceu. i ne iwo iurnaces were tapped,
and the boiling and blazing liquid
gushed forth, rushing and leaping
i through the iron canals, which emptied
into the sides of the mould, sank twelve
feet into the solid ground. The flaming
streams continued to run for fifteen minutes
down through the iron flask, or
shell of the mould, the metal in the
meantime bubbling and revolving: as it
rose in the inner shaft of sand, which in
fact formed the actual mould for the
cannon. The metal having reached
the level of the mould, a supplementary
or cap mould was put on, and filled with
some tons of metal poured into it from a
The object of this addition is to give,
by means of dead weight above, steadiness
to the process of chrystalization in
that portion of the mass out of which
the cannon is to be turned. Ten days
will elapse before the metal will have
become sufficiently cool to admit of the
rpmnval nf thp fluclr Kir Hirrrrinnr "iwsif
. "..v.. ... ... ...v uj "'DD'"6
the compact ground in which it stands
embeded ; and then, in the space of five
weeks, the gun can be finished and got
ready for mounting on Fort George, in
our harbor, for which it is designed.
The casting was done under the personal
supervision of Mr. Alger and Col.
Bomford, th? inventor of this piece of
ordnance, to the first specimen of which
Thomas Jefferson, in 1809, gave the
name of the " Columbiad."
The weight of the erun. when finish
cd, will be 26,000 pounds. Length,
ten feet; diameter at the base ring, 39
inches; length of chamber, 13 inches;
length of bore, 9 feet 1 inch; diameter
of bore, 12 inches. Weight of round
shot which it will carry, 230 pounds;
weight of shell, 180 pounds. Range of
shot or shell, 3 1-2 miles?being 1-4 of
a mile greater than the recorded perfor
mance of the largest and latest invented
mortar in England, and half a mile beyond
the reach of any gun in the castle
of San Juan de Ulloa, at Vera Cruz.
The cost of this immense instrument
' for harbor defence will not exceed
$1700; or one sixth the cost of the
wrought iron gun procured in England
by Captain Stockton.
Boston Post, July 7.
Correspondence of the Baltimore Patriot.
MATAMOROS, June 21.
General La Vega.?I have seen it
stated, in some of the late papers, that
Gen. La Vega was delivered to Gen.
Taylor on the battle field, by Col.
Twiggs. This is an error?certainly
of no consequence after his capture by
me ganant iviay; but as every thing
connected with the treatment of this distinguished
prisoner on the field, must
be more or less interesting, I beg leave
to correct the error and to state what be'
fell the gallant General, after he was
conducted to Colonel Twiggs, by order
of Captain May.
The Artillery battalion (a regiment
of foot) was stationed on the 9th at the
All lent rtf ? ' J --
vuioufc vi bitu v/uu|ipaiaij anu wu3 liters
formed "in square" This battalion
, which had suffered the day before more
than any other, except the 8th Infantry,
, was placed in this position for these reasons:'
to protect the train against a
charge of the enemy's cavalry, to repair
any disaster which might occur in the
ordnance, and to afford fresh troops for
the pursuit, when the battle was gained.
Col. Twiggs sent for Col. Childs, who
, commanded it, and turned the prisoner
OVfir tf? him Hut P.hiUa haoinm
w | vaatfMw ?iWT Jiig Vi IO"
mounted, (Gen. Vega was on foot,)'sent
an order to his battalion, that the prison>
er should be received with the honor
due to his rank. As soon as the prisoner
issued from the Chapparal, the
words, "Present Arms," were given.
> The square 44 presented arms" in perfect
silence, and as he approached not a
smile of gratification or a word of exultation,
was seen or heard; (so much for
the delicacy of the common soldier, who
had, perhaps, the day before, lost his
nearest friend by the enemy's cannon
shot.) Gen. Vega seemed surprised at
the salute, courteously and slowly raised
his hot, and the square was brought to
Col. Childs then called from his position
Captain Magruder, who commanded
one of the companies of the
square. Capt. Magruder had known
Gen. La Vega before, and immediately
insisted upon his mounting his (Capt.
M's.) horse. No sooner was this done,
than it became necessary for the batta
lion to move on, and Capt. Magruder
was ordered by Col. Childs to escort the
prisoner, in security, with a small com
mand to Gen. Taylor. Fortunately no
rescue was attempted, as his command
was very small, and the order was
promptly executed, when General
La Vega was introduced on the field by
Capt. Magruder, to Gen. Taylor. Gen.
rn 1 ? I- ?- * 11 *1. _ I 1
i ayior snooK mm warmiy oy me nana,
and addressed him the following hansome
" General: I do assure you, I deeply
regret that this misfortune has fallen
upon you. I regret it sincerely, and I
take great pleasure in returning you the
sword, which you have this day won
with so much gallantry," handing him
at the same time, the sword which Gen.
Vega had yielded to Capt. May. Gen.
Vega made a suitable reply in Spanish,
and was then taken charge of by Col.
Twicrss, at the Colonel's own request.
and entertained by him in the most hospitable
manner, in his own tent, until
his departure for New Orleans.
One must record and admire so much
courtesy and gentleness, united in a
most sanguinary field, with so much devotion
A Mexican Prisoner in Chains.?
There came over to this city in the Alabama.
a Mexican prisoner in chains, by
the name of Gonzalez, who is charged
with being concerned in the murder of
of the Rogers family. It will be recollected
the rumor of the murder of this
family, we obtained the particulars at
Matamoros, and now publish them, as
they are naturally calied up by the appearance
here of the monster who assisted
in the destruction of eighteen persons.
Ezra Rogers, formerly a respectable
planter, and Magistrate in the parish ol
Sabine, in this Slate, was, with his two
sons, 11 other men, two women and a
child, crossing the country from Corpus
Christi to Point Isabel. When near
the little Colorado, just previous to the
battle of the 8th, they were met by a
party of mounted Mexicans, one of
whom was the prisoner alluded to above.
The Americans were, after much difficulty,
persuaded to surrender, being promised
protection. No sooner had they
gi\ren up their arms, than an indiscriminate
slaughter took place. Mr. Rogers
and his two sons were tied together, the
remainder of the party tied likewise in
threes, no respect being paid to sex or
age. They were thus tied, led out of
Camp, stripped stark naked, had their
throats deliberately cut, the living at
4; 1 ? *i .1 _ l mi f*
nines imugiiig 10 me ueaa. 1 nis nendish
work done, the bodies were thrown
into the river. One of the young Rogers,
twenty years of age, was not killed
though his throat was severely cut, he,
almost by a miracle, managed to escape
from the corpses to which he was fastened,
and bleeding and faint and naked,
he wandered over thirty miles, suffering
all that can be conceived of as possible
for a human being. Near Matamoros,
he was seized as a 'prisoner I and cast
into a filthv dungeon. anH was <?v.
j 0-. 7 *,%*w
changed by Col. Twiggs and thus released
from his sufferings. In all the
history of savage warfare, a more bloodthirsty
and cruel act, cannot be recorded
than the murder of Rogers and his party,
the sufferings caused to young Rogers
by the heartless cruelty of the Mexicans
N. O. Tropic, 10/A inst.
dy, we perceive that nominations
are making for the next Presidential
election. It is really too bad,
that politicians will not allow the
people of the country to enjoy
some little repose, from the excitement
of these quadrennial elections.
They are fairly entitled to
three years of a calm enjoyment
of the blessings Heaven has de
I 4 1 1 1
signed iney snouia enjoy. Those
wire pulling1 politicians, who undertake
the management of these
affairs, are amongst the greatest
curses that could be entailed upon
our country. That party, no matter,
whether Whig or Democrat,
?Ti?w oisj u3uj lurwaru us candidates
two or three years prior to the
election, -will be the most likely to
be defeated.?Camden Journal.
" LIBERTY AND MY NATIVE SOII.."
CHARLES H. ALLEN, Editor.
AMioi in* r u e r .
JlUUVUIIt \J 11*J 19* I'M
WEDNESDAY, JULY 22, 1840.
Erratum.?The Camp Meeting at
Sharon is to commence on Wednesday
the 5th of August, instead of the 12th,
as we stated last week.
113=* In putting our paper to press last
week, the names of Mr. Vachael
Hugiiey and Maj. A. Arnold, were ac
cidently left out, thereby giving their
opponents some advantage of them. We
therefore take notice of it, in order to
1 put matters right.
Id3 The Volunteers will learn by
the advertisement in another column of
this paper, that the Encampment which
was to have taken place next week, has
been postponed until further orders.
we are lnueDiea 10 me noil. J.
C. Calhoun, for a copy of his Report
upon the Memorial of the Memphis
Hail Storm.?We learn that in the
neighborhood of Wellington and upon
the Savannah river, a severe hail storm
fell on Saturday last, doing great damage
to cotton and corn crops. This accounts
for the extraordinary cold wea
ttier we have had lor several days past.
Nss|r3=* We regret to learn thot the connection
heretofore existing between the
Edgefield Advertiser and JosEni Abney,
Esq., has been broken off, by the
discourteous conduct of the senior editor
of that paper to him. The senior editor
saw proper to admit into the columns
of the Advertiser an article, charging
the editors with inconsistency and a desertion
of principles, withholding at the
otuio iiiiiej me iiauiu vji mc tvilici Jiuitt
Mr. Abney: and also refused to join
him in a vindication of the course of
the paper. The course of this passive
senior is certainly most strange: lie
not only admits an article into his own
columns charging him with inconsistency,
but refuses to answer or join in
answering that charge! "There is
something rotten in DenmarkMr. Ab
ney's course, as one of the editors of the
Advertiser has been manly and consistent
throughout, and his politics approved
This difference has all grown out of
the celebrated Edgefield meeting, at
which time and place Mr. Pickens took
-* 1 f 11 m
uuvuciuu iu ussau iiiu posiuon oi ivir.
Calhoun with regard to the Mexican
war, for reasons best known to himself,
and which excited the surprise of the
It is too late in the day to assail the
character of our distinguished Senator,
except upon the most matured and unni)PStinn;iKlp
WII vii/dUIl U1 1113 CI IU!
Instead of his action in the premises being
in error, we are not alone in regarding
it as a new proof of his political integrity,
and of his inflexible adherence
to the constitution, and as adding a fresh
lustre to his already brilliant name, yj
The Tariff* is still undergoing
discussion in the Senate, but it seems to
\ - - -v i*?t n
ub uie general opinion mm me dui win
pass by a majority of one, if not a tie,
and in such event, Mr. Dallas will
give the casting vote in its favor. We
learn that the manufacturers are flocking
to Washington, and exerting all
their influence Upon the Senate to de
reat.tne bin, but it will all be of no avail,
it will pass and become the law of the
land. Although this bill is not what
the South expected, still its passage
should be regarded as a signal triumph,
when we consider the battles that have
liAAn fnnorht nnnn the floor of ConoreSS
over it for years past, and the amount of
opposition even now arrayed upon its
side. This is the beginning o( better
things, and the free trade principle will
yet triumph. The world has become I
wise enough to see ihat commerce has I
too long been fettered and burdened by
an oppressive taxation, and is fast resolving
to strike them off. England, in
the repeal of the corn law, has moved
in this matter; Russia is moving j
should the United States then remain
passive when such examples are before
We are informed, says the NewYork
Herald, from a reliable source.
mat the President, in answer to the entreaty
of a gentleman to have a Regiment
received into the service of the U.
States, stated that at the present time
the books of the War Department contain
the names of two hundred thousand
Volunteers, from all parts of the country
for the Mexican war, although the law
only called for fifty thousand, and that
he could not, under the present circumstances,
receive the name of another
The Talisman and Illustrated Odd Fellows
Magazine: Tiieophilus Fisk,
Editor and Proprietor: Philadelphia
and Washington.?Price, $1.00.
Tk.o - ?? _.-vir
tug jo (.uu line vi a vtziy ucat puuil"
cation, the first number of which we
have received, edited by T. Fisk formerly
of the United States Journal. It is
gotten up in a handsome style and illustrated
with numerou s engravings.
The potato rot hns made its appearance
in several counties of Maryland.
(jQ^The Washington correspondent
of the Philadelphia U. S.
Gazette writes :?
1 see it rumored that government
intends making an attack on the
Castle of San Juan de Ulloa.
I think this a mistake, as the officer
whose advice in this matter
would be likely to be asked and
followed, is decidedly opposed to
any such attack. First, because
it is not necessary to further the
objects of the war ; secondly, because
it would not be worth its
cost in money; and, thirdly, because
such an attack would cost
many lives; and even then be of
some what doubtful result. The
att?ck may, nevertheless, be determined
on contrary to his advice.
It will probably turn out that
uen. bcott was entirely right in
his views of the war, and the earliest
day when active operations
could i>e begun. I am informed
that the instructions given to Gen.
Taylor, as to the conduct of the
war?the plan of the campaign,
&c., evince the highest degree of
ability, both military and civil; an
intimate knowledge of the country
in which he will have to operate,
of strategy, of the obstacles and
difficulties to be surmounted, and
of the laws of war and of nations.
Who the author of these instruc
tions is, 1 do not know, but it is
supposed that to Gen. Scott much
of the merit is due, especially that
portion relating to the plan of the
campaign, strategy, obstacle, &c.
It is agreed upon all hands that
for military science, and ability to
combine and direct masses?to
plan campaigns and all that relates
to the duties of a commanderin-chief.
Gen. Scott has no equal
in this country, and perhaps for
the opportunities he has enjoyed,
few superiors in Europe.
in Addition 10 mis, wc ajjpr/iK,
the following from the National
A report which prevailed some
weeks ago, of an assault meditated
by the Executive upon the
Castle of San Juan deUUoa, (the
<4ofV>nr>a nf Vpph Hmv \
SCOUVtM" UV.W..WW ?- ' " * "?/
bat which had apparently died
away, has revived within a day or
1 two. It is now said that a Council
of Naval Post Captains has
been summoned by the Head of
t.llA TNI A uw Donartmant ?* Waoliinnr.
vmw A^V|/uiviuVII?I>U ?r
ton to decide upon the praoticabil*
ity and expediency of the measure.
Mr. Forest, the Tragedian, has
gone to Spain, on a pleasure trip.