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meat. When we sec taverns subverted
and churches substituted?and when under
the same influence wc see the many
other prevalent evils of the land, daily
diminishing, why should wo apprehend
i,,n <!... .....ii .......iw... ...;u i
wvtv i J lit i lHICj HO Ui I HO UlUM WIKj %%lll
be subdued under the process ? By the
inild, yet wonderful agency of persuasion,
revolutions, great and powerful
have been, and may yet be wrought, in
the moral world. ^Lutiier inculcated
doctrines which laid the foundation forthe
world's reformation, unaided by any
other power than moral suasion. The
twelve Apostles were instructed to
preach the gospel. 1 lie dcciples of
Christ only exhorted and admonished the
observance of the tablet law. They
taught the doctrine that heaven must
be obtained through the love of God,
and not the /car of hell. They exhorted
to good, and forewarned evil works.
And in short, all history, sacred and profane,
furnishes an example against the
policy of forcing morality.
tpmnnrst nr?? r>"io?nVir>rs d im
any oilier agency than that of persua1
* sion. . fn long and labored speeches,
they denounce legislation as contrary to
their policy; and yet, in our opinion,
they make use of every opportunity afforded
them to legislate, indirectly. The
i...~ . -i
ivijisiaiuiu iiiuuu^ u piuiuuiuiu iu iui'tiu
without liccusc. When they indict,
tlicy then legislate to the extent that
they employ the means afforded by the
legislature to enforce temperance.
Do they disclaim legislation because
they do not represent the people in the
State Hall, and. there make laws upon
the object; and yet, when the law is
made, acknowledge that there are none
so ea^er as they to execute? Do they
work up this distinction between the
law-giver and the executioner of the
law? We say, those who would catch
at such a distinction, so far as the prin
ciple of legislating, or employing force
upon the subject is concerned, would
ctipl/'lo tn ^ /lli'lfln O ' t ?V I- onntVk
U?IV(?IW M? ? IVIV M, 11UI1 ilT 1AI. CUU L II
and south-west side." In any view
that may be taken, the object of him
who makes the law is to enforce temperance,
and so it is the object of him who
But they not only use the means afforded
by the legislature to enforce tem
perance as the executioners of the law,
but they employ legislative force as
Commissioners of Roads and members
of Town Councils. Now we do not oppose
tcmperonce societies, or object to
the enforcement of law and order, nor do
we object to indicting for a breach of
the law; -upon the contrary, we think
every offender, fyr the sake of law and
government, should be indicted; but
think it highly impolitic for temperance
men to indict as a means for jhe furtherance
of temperance principles. We
think it impolitic, because it will preju
dice not only that portion of the community
who are most?in need of reformation,
but the prejudice will extend
far into the ranks of the sober and pious
community, and thereby injure the
cause. We think, therefore, it should
be left to those who are most offendend
as members of the community, and not
as leaders of the temperance reform, to
indict the violators of the law and breakers
of the peace.
We are not of the opinion that temperance
is advanced by any prohibition
or forcible restraint to its use or sale.
If you drive the debauchee from the
tippling board and his bottle, he will
form a stronger and more extensive
friendship for the barrel, which he will
keep close at hand, in cellars or closets,
wuere ine temptations to thumb his
. bung will be tenfold stronger and more
'frequent. For it is evident that having
a supply ready at hand, would afford,
facilities to indulge which the inconvenience
of acquiring at the vending
board would otherwise often have prevented.
Nor do we believe that the example
would be less .pernicious in its
T1 - 1 1 .1
tciiocijueiices, riomr wouiQ men become
the scene, of debauchery; there
would be the peace, virtue and purity of
the domestic circle to disturb, violate or
corrupt; the infant, whose innocense
iff the. purest and loveliest, in nature,
would grow up with the impress of an
example upon its youthful mind, that all
the instructions of its after years would
fail to irradicatc; for "just as the twig
is bent, the tree is inclined or, in oth
or words, "a dew drop on the baby
plant has warped the giant oak forever."
Wc are strongly impressed with the
belief, that the temperance cause would
meet with greater advancement under
the old Luthem and christian process of
preaching, specking, and convincing.
Lot temperance men set forth, in ali the
efficacy of speech, the multiplied evils
of intemperance. Let it be pictured in
its darkest colors, shattering the robust
in constitution, wasting the most precious
jewels of mind or intellect, impoverishing
the most bounteous fortunes,
and begetting the greatest individal and
national sacrifices. Let the mighty engine
of letters, spreading throughout the
habitable Globe, be directed against it,
which guides the current of popular
opinion, and which micrht be considered
the great fountain head of thought shooting
forth its running waters, down the
slant of time and adding streamlet to
streamlet in its course until it extends
far and wide, gathering in the-various
waters of the country and converting
them into one onward tide, which will
spread in all directions, and eventually
undermine every fabric of corruption.
Let temperance members arm themselves
for the fight with truth, which is
itself eloquent upon the subject, trusting
to the maxim that " error ceases to be
d:inrri>rnn<! wlirm rp>.Knn io loft ?-*
" "v" - wwsjV ** 1W JVifc l4W lu
combat it." Let the mighty thunders
of the gospel, with the voice of inspiration
be hurled against it. Let their rise
up in opposition the outraged morals of
the land, the sancity of the church, the
poverty of the country and tears of tTie
suffering, the virtues which consecrate
the hearth, and the fond endearments
which are cheirished in the family circle.
And if the evil cannot be subdued by
this train of influence, we say you might
just as well try to stem the moimtain'-'
torrent with a breath, as to interdict its
progress. For any other restrictions
that might be imposed, would be nothing
more in its course than a pebble beneath
old o'cean's wave.
The Tallahassee Journal refering to
/r? n * ~ ~ - '
me omcering 01 me south Uarolma
Regiment of Volunteers, pays the following
compliment to our State.
" Really one occasionally meets with
examples of magnanimity in the little
Palmetto State, which in these days, we
know not where else to go in search of.
South Carolina is almost unanimously
Democratic?Butler is known throughout
the State, and probably throughout
the Union, to be a Whig. And yet he
nas been elected over the highest on the
list of his opponents, by a vote of 518 to
92! It has been but a few months
since the Legislature of that State elected
a most distinguished Whig to one of
the most important, responsible, lucrative,
and honorable offices in the State.
~\at~?r? 4- ?-- f
iTcieiei iu nit", appoinimeni 01 wm
C. Preston to the Presidency of the
South Carolina College. Tho only
question asked in regard to either was,
in language of Mr Jefferson, u is he
competent? is he honest? is he faithful ?"
Party was forgotten in an election which
had nothing to do with party. It is by
magnanimity like this, thatjthe character
of any people is elevated and ennobled.
We are not one of them ourselves, but
ii?a r*r% r? tirnll ?l- '
bu? .?& ? ay nijiuiui^c wuu uir priue,
and excuse it when extravagant, of
those, who looking back to the State
which gave birth to a Marion and a Sumter,
a Lowndes and a Jackson, (not to
mention thp livinrr \ nan ?la!m It ?? I
? * "*5)/ vuu \.iunu iv ao iuc
land of the childhood, and their home of
Division of the Volunteer
Forces in the Army.?The Pennsylvanians
has been informed that
tbe volunteers now in service will
be divided between the^ two new
M/ijor Generals as follows:?
General Patterson to command
those from the States of Tennessee,
Georcia. Alabama. Mississinni.
_ . . t rr*'
and Texas; General Butler to
command those from the States of
Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois,
Missouri, and Louisiana.
" LIBERTY AND MY NATIVE SOII.."
CHARTeS~iT ALLEN, Editor.
Abbeville C. II., S. C.:
WEDNESDAY.^AUG. 5, 1846.
lEf"' Upon the first page of this week's
paper, will be found an"interesting tale
of truth, which we particularly recommend
thenttenti ve perusal of to our young
readers Little do young men think,
poo tnrl o iVin r* r% * *! i?kl ? .
tv uvfii gbuigu utuuiiu invy l-uiu lOUlC^ UI
quaffing the social bowl, that these are
some of the most dangerous past-times
they can engage in, until too late, they
find they are the " steps that cost." In
how many instances has the penniless
outcast had occasion to mourn in the
bitterness of his soul, his first acquaintance
with cards, and the miserable
drunkard to regret his first glass ?
The Tariff BUI passed the Senate.?
Cwlnrn pnnv.trh. inr nne Ann ' Tho To. I
^ o - /- 3 ?
riff Bill has at length passed the Senate
by a majority of one vote, being that of
Mr. Jarnagin. What must be the feelings
now of the treacherous and con- \
temptible Haywood, who supposed his
resignation before the vote was taken,
would defeat the Bill? He deserves
the execrations of the whole South for
his dastardly course ; and although his
vacating his seat did not effect the purpose
he intended and wished, he is not
the less culpable. .Let him now enjoy,
in inglorious retirement, the reward he
so richly deserves?the contempt and
scorn of every lover of his country.
The Bill passed after striking out the
9th section, which permits the Govern?,
ment to take all goods for the use of the
United States, which may be undervai
lued by the importer, paying to him the
value of such goods with 5 per cent added
thereto. With this amendment, the
Bill was sent back to the House for concurrence,
where after some little discussion
and several attempts to lay it on the
table, the Bill was concurred in by a
vote of 115 yeas to 92 nays The President
has no doubt signed the bill be
fore this, and it is now the law of the
land, to take effect from and after the
first of December next.
The South has abundant reasons to
rejoice at this victory. Too long already
has she patiently borne the burdens
of the tariff and reaped none of its benefits.
Relying upon the compromise,
she has been duped and deceived ; but (
wo trust better things are ahead?that I
ttys is Ihe dawn of a brighter day for
the " Land of the Sun," in which she
will arise from her position of poverty,
and the " wilderness flourish and bloom
as the rose."
lV)f Art/la ? I A?k - ? ?? ??a - ? *'
1UU1IUUJ, lilt; 1UIU lllSlftlll, IS me
day fixed upon for the adjournment of
Mr. Graiiam, proprietor *of the
Philadelphia North American, was arrested
by the Seargeant-at-Arms, on the
27th ultimo, and carried to Washington,
in consequence of his publishing the
Oregon treaty and accompanying documents.
It is suDDOsed that thev were
I - J
purloined from the Senate Chamber, or
furnished him for publication by one of
From the Army.?The latest information
from the seat of war, is that CamarnrA
Iioa 1X71.- ? ' **?
muigv ?iho lanuu* ff lieII illt?
troops entered the town, Col. Carrajabal
was on the opposite side of the St.
Juan river, and witnessed the entrance,
but offered no resistance. Gen. Tat*
lor. had received reports from recon
noitering parties that there were only
three hundred troops at Monterey, and
the impression was that no resistance
would be offered to the American army
this side of that city. From the little |
preparation of defence making by the
Mexicans, it is supposed that the war is
nearly closed. Reports had reached the
camp that Paredes was afraid to leave
the city of Mexico, his presence being
necessary, to keep down a threatened
Southern Cultivator: Jas. Camak, Editor.
J. W. &. W. S. Jones, Publishers,
Augusta, Ga.?Price, $1.00,
The August No. of tbis valuable pub1
1 r . c j .t
liuauuu 19 uciuie us. *vu mm in me
present number, a proposition from Mr. J
Alex. M5?)onald, of Eufaula, Ala., to
be one of a thousand subscribers to procure
twenty new subscribers to the Cultivator
by the commencement of the 5th
volume. Can not some of our farmers
come forward also in support of the Cultivator?
As an agricultural publication,
it is highly worthy of patronage, j
The Treasury of History : Published by j
Daniel Adde, 107, Fulton-st., N. Y.
We have received the 5th No. of this
valuable publication, which still continues
the history of England. It is
certainly one of the cheapest works of
the day, and when completed, will be a
valuable acquisition to any library.
The price is 25 cents per No., containing
about 128 pages each.
(for the banner.)
APPOINTMENTS in ABBEVILLE.
At a meeting of the Executive Committee
of the Abbeville District Tempefrance
Society, on the evening of their
Anniversary, the following appointments
Damascus, Aug. 6?David Lesly and
Siloam, Aug. 7?D Lesly and Thos
Greenwood, Aug. 7, at night-?David
Lesly and T Thomson.
Buffalo, Aug. 8?Rev W H Davis,
Dr J F Livingston, and Rev W H
Broadmouth, Aug. 20?D -Liesly, Dr
T n T !..! * J Tfc A T1
j r xjivmgsiuii, ana jk. a r air.
Fishing Creek, Aug. 21?Lesly, Livingston
and R A Fair.
Gilgal, Aug. 22?Maj Spierin, Dr I
Branch and C H Allen.
Greenville Church, Aug. 22?Lesly,
Livingston and R A Fair.
Ahhp.villp H Sfirvt 7 rtt nirrVit
, r.. ... M.g...
Rev W H Davis, and Maj M J Williams.
Loundesville, Sept. 16?Thomas,
Lesly, and Jones.
Beulah, Sept. 17?Rev J H Chiles,
D Lesly, T P Spierin, C H Allen, and
Dr I Branch.
Little Mount, Sept. 17?Thomas,
Lesly and Jones.
Little Rivej, Sept. 18?Thomas, Lesly.
/ Due West, at night, Sept. 18?Tho^
mas, Lesly and Jones. j
K F. G. THOMAS, Pres't./
Isaac Branch, Sec'ry.
From the Washington Union.
FROM tfHE HOMESQ.UADRON.
Letters have been received at the
Navy Department from Commodore
Connor, dated 30th June, and from other
reliable sources of recent dates. The
vessels concentrated off Vera Cruz, at
th6 latest date, were the frigates " Cumka?>ia
n/1^ am/i u
VI 11U(iu aiiu natuau, mc Sicailiur?
" Princeton" and " Mississippi;" the
sloop " John Adams" and the brig " Some
With the exception of the American
barque ' Eugenia," no vessel has entered
any Mexicon port since the establishment
of the blockade.
The duiies on the property that has
been warned off. it is estimated, would
not have fallen far short of a half a million
of dollars?a sum that would have
been of great importance to the Mexican
government in its present impoverished
Every indulgence and freedom from
vexation and restraint that could be allowed,
consistently with the rules of
blockade adopted, have been observed
towards ail vessels of neutral nations;
and it is believed that the best understanding
exist between the French,
English and Spanish forces and Commordore
Connor. r ^
Commander Saunders St
Mary's, had prevented the M^pTof a
battery at the mouth of??*mjp<p fiver
within reach of his tfans.
It is believed that a change must soon
occur in the political condition .of Mexico.
Nearly all the south-we|t departments
are believed to be in a state of insurrection
; and information has been received
from a respectable source in Mexico
that the northern provinces had also
declared against the goverment of
Paredes. He is said to have obtained
permission from Ins Congress to command
the army in person, but had not
left Mexico ns late as the 21st of June,
A rinrtinn r?f his ormir ??")? ^ ?'
o !>? " J ? HIJH uuuci ucuerut
Arevalo, had marched to Guadalajara,
on its route to Jalisco, to quell the insurrection
in that department. It is believed
by many persons that should General
Paredes march from the capital towards
the north, his army will "pronounce"
against him. The tone of the
public press is desponding, and some of
those journals hitherto most violent for
war nnw rnntain nrhVlao in/fiAi't!..* ~r ?
? 7 ?
disposition lor peace.
It is said much sickness prevails
among the soldiers of the garrison and
From the Mobile Herald 27th ult.
TWO DAYS LATER FROM
Sir:?The U. S. frigate Raritan,
Com. Greogory, urrived here yesterday
from Vera Cruz, which place she left
on the 17th inst., bringing two days later
dates than received by the Princeton.
The Vera Cruz papers of the 15th
and 16th, publish the news of the Ore- *
gon treaty under the head ofil Very Important
News." The papers state that
in consequence of the treaty the Mexi
can people are called on to make increased
efforts to save their country from
the ranacitv nf tho. rnKhors of ?Ko n Jol
r J W.
They remind the Mexicans of the
manner in which the French were driven
oat of Spain, after Madrid and the
cities of the country were in possession
of the enemy. This was done by a
guerilla warfare, in which small parties
of the enemy were murdered wherever
they were found. %
Paredes had not left the city $>f Mexico.
It was found impossible to raise a boc^y
or even,&uuu to follow him.
It is the opinion of all well informed
persons that there is nothing to prevent
General Taylor's marching' directly to
j the city of Mexico. There are no troops
to oppose him.
Gen. Scott's ideas of the rhiny season
have caused much mirth among those
residing in the neighborhood of the city
of Mexico and Vera Cruz. There is
no finer climatc in the world than that
of the highlands of Mexico which are
reached at Monterey.
Gen. Moro, the new commander of
the Castle and city of Vera Cruz, who
has succeeded the Vice President Bravo,
has entered upon his duties. He
has a body of several hundred men at
work every morning on ^he low sand *
beach adjoining the Castle, where he is
throwing up additional breast work$.
About sunset the soldiers are exercise^
at target firing. The guns are mostly
i of large calibre, and throw shot to a
I great distance.
The American squadron is anchored
under Green Islands. The opinion
daily gains that the Castle can only be
taken by escalade or " boarding' as Jack
calls it. This the sailors of the squad*
ron are eager to undertake.
The British steamer arrived at Vera
Cruz on the 14th, without Santa Anna,
and the best informed now say there is
no probability of his coming there at all.
,The yellow fever is making great havoc
among the troops both in the Castle
and in the city. The soldiers being
mostly from the interior are not accustomed
to the climate of the sea coast, and
lKiiraf/\rA ei?Aa? ?% WAAUL 1 ?
hiviciuic auuci in ucauu very seveieiy.
Vera Cruz could easily be taken with
two or three thousand men, who could
land either north or south of it. At present
the city is nearly deserted.
Excellent health prevails throughout
the squadron, the frigate Raritan alone
excepted, on board which vessel the
scurvy prevails to a great extent. This
is caused by the great length of time
which this Vessel has-been at sea. She
has been two years and six months on
commission, and all that time has been
passed between the tropic and under a
verticle sun. She came to this station
from thecoast of Brazil, whereshe passed
much time in observing the blockading,
squadron off Montevideo, and was of
course unable to obtain fresh provpiot)*
for her crew. Of the large number
have been sick on board, there has not
been a dealtoi.
There is mfc^femplaint of ttie want '
of medicakofficere on -board our shipfe.
Four of thelfc we not even r their, som_?
. j..*- . * ? ??
Eiiiuem uuni^i peace, and apw while
eing daily exprnedip baring their men
wounded or killed by the energy, as ]
well as encountering- the iqalignant
diseases of the climate, the ships should ]
not be without their proper medical ?taC