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Twelve Days Later from Europe.
ARRIVAL Or TIIU
The Hibernia arrived at the wharf of
East Boston ou the morning of the 3d
To the Editors of the Jour, of commerce :
The Hibernia brings to the United
States the Oregon treaty ratified by the
British Government, under the seal of
the new foreign minister, Lord Palmerston.
This important document was signed
by his Lordship and Mr. McLaneon the
17th, at the foreign ollice, and afterwards
1 .1 v i 1 r T *1
vuiivcyeu lur uespaicii Dy me nioernin.
by his Kxcelloncy Mr. McLane, the
Atnericun Minister lo Great Britain.
In the House of Lords on the 17th of
July, the Marquis of Lansdowne rose
and said that it was his duty to lay before
their Lordships and that House, the
treaty which had just been concluded
between Her Majesty and the Governmont
nf t I . Sitntfto m
V* v??v w imvvi *14
to the Oregon Territory. He hud the
satisfaction of informing their Lordships
that ratifications had that day been exchanged.
A similar motion was made in the
House of Commons by Lord Palmerston,
who appeared at the bar and stated
that he had a paper to present by command
of Her Majesty.
The new ministry has got fairly to
work, and the business of the country is
again in a state of progression.
All the members have been returned
without opposition, except Mr. McAuley
and Lord Debrington.
4 Y In every quarter a disposition exists to
give the new appointments a fair trial;
in consequence of the excitement now
passed, the country needs repose, and
with the exception of the Sugar duiies,
there is no prominent question likely to
embarrass the ministry or test their cannKll
The affairs of this session of Parliament
will be wound up probably by the
middle of August.
The great movement to reimburse Mr.
Cobden for the loss of health and money
is progressing apacc. There seems every
chance that the hundred thousand
pounds fixed upon as the maximum of
the amount to be given to him, will be
Efforts will be made to raise a splendid
monument to Sir Robert Peel, by
means of penny subscriptions through
out the British Empire, as an expression
of the nation's gratitude.
Parliament?The proceedings in
the House of Parliament possesses considerable
Mr. Duncombe wished to hear from
the noble Lord himself a distinct avowal
of his views on the leading topics of
Lord John Russel declined this categorical
analysis, but while doing so, said
sufficient to point the moral of his future
career as Minister, to the principles
of Free Trade, to which he avowed his
Justice to Ireland, he would literally
carry out, but with respect to the established
church of that country, the Premier
thought it imprudent to meddle in
this early stage of the business.
The same evening Lord John Russell
declared that he would make his views
respecting the sugar duties known on
districts are busy, and confidence prevails.
Tbe season continues all that
we could desire.
The cotton market is firm, with good
steady business, and prices have an up-1
The latest arrivals from the United
States show that the last cron will not
excecd two millions one hundred thousand
bales, and that the prospects of the
present year, owing to the lateness of
the spring, are not particularly promising.
Concerning Mexico, and our war
with Mexico, the London papers are
comparitively silent. The Times of the
* 5th anticipates that Santa Anna will
return to power there, and is of opinion
that " the operation of a protracted, unhelthy
war will not long gratify the
American democracy, or be popular in
the United States. At no distant period
the Cabinet at Washington will be as
eager to make peace in the midst of its
anticipated triumphs, as the Cabinet of
Mexico, under the pressure of defeat.
We hope that both parties will seize
the first decent pretext for putting an
end to this wanton and absurd quarrel."
After expressing doubts whether the
Oregon Convention now so eagerly accepted
by Lord Palmerston be more favorable
to the rights of the British
crown than that Convention formed by
Lord Ashburton, which Lord P. so bitterly
denounced, the Times says:
" Therp is no one, we are confident, either
in this kingdom or America, who will
| venture to compare the real nmount of
the sacrifices made on either side with
the result that has been obtained"?and
it chronicles with marked satisfaction
the enthusiasm with which the adjustment
was received in the United States
?but not without some sneer at Mr.
Polk, " compelled" as that paper has it,
"to consume his own bluster"?and all
other " fifty-four forties"?for it had
caught the term.
The same paper, the Times of the
14th July, publishes in full the message
of the President to the Senate 16th June,
covering the estimates of the War and
Navy Department for the war.
The great lion of the day had at last
1 left England, Ibrahim Pacha. He took
his departure in H. M. steamer Avenger,
the 17th, from Portsmouth, the
Egyptian flag flying at the mast head,
and under salutes from all the batteries.
He nroceeds dirnrt tn T.isVinn nnrl Alf>v
andria, having changed his original purpose
of calling ofl* Cherburg. The
Egypt'-n seems to have left a very
strong impressions behind. His courteous
manner and inquiring mind rendered
him very accessible.
Repeal Association.?Mr. O'Connell
left London on the 5th inst., and ar
rived in Dublin on Monday morning.
He appeared at the meeting at Conciliation
Hall in the afternoon, when there
was a crowded attendance. Mr. N.
Maher, M. P. was called to the chair.
The Secretary was directed to write to
the Reneal Wardens in thp. north nf Trp
land, deprecating any interference with
the Orange Anniversaries. Mr. O'Connell,
in the course of his address to the
meeting, after describing the fall of the
late ministry, and warmly eulogizing
Sir Robert Peel, asked what course the
people of Ireland ought to pursue under
present circumstances? The wonderful
success which had attended the persevering
and uutiring exertions of the
Anti-Corn-law League, ought to inspire
them with new hopes and expectations
that the object on which they were bent
might not unreasonably be expected.
The success of Cobden was the triumph
of moral force, a principal which,
he might say, was first acted upon by
the people of Ireland. The Chartists,
on the contrary, had adopted physical
force, and what had become of them ?
They were not in existence. The people
of England were, therefore, bound
in gratitude to assist the Irish people in
obtaining measures of amelioration. It
remained to be seen whether they would
or not. But what ought they (tne Irish
people) to do under existing circumstano
?1__,. -_j -
i-to r iic nau u piuu iu propose, ana 11
would rest with the people whether they
would accept it or not. They (the people)
might differ with him, but he would
not differ with them.
He came to Ireland for the purpose of
telling them, first, that he intended, at
the earliest possible moment in the next
session of Parliament, to bring under
the consideration of the Legislature the
question of the Repeal of the Union ;
secondly, he required the association to
declare what acts they considered to be
necessary for placing the people of the
two countries on an equal footing in
.r M i .i- 11 ?
jjuuii ui civji nguis j iniraiy; ne required
their sentimerHs on a law to alter
the relations between landlord and
tenant; fourthly, he wished means to
be taken for restoring the influence of
the association throughout the country ;
fifthly, he insisted on an immediate attention
to the registry, particularly in
such places as were likely soon to become
vacant; and,sixthly, that the commitI
tee on the association should fix upon
such candidates to fill the vacancies as
they considered proper. After speaking
/"?f iVlQ nlfitfAn *V> rtOrtHMAA. .U.AU I? ? ? ? ? *
v. viuvcu uicaauics vvinuu lie lias aiready
stated he wants from Government,
Mr. O'Cennell proceeded to state that
he would take every measure of good
that he could get for Ireland, but would
not give up Repeal. After a warning
against violence and an appeal for that
confidence which he had earned by his
past services, the Hon. gentleman moved
that the documents which he had
J -1 111 - -
reau snouia nave tne approval ol the association.
On Wednesday a banquet was given
at Dundalk to Daniel O'Connell, Jun.,
Mr. D. O'Connell, Sen., was present.
He recommended his son to the constituency
as a Repealer, and stated that the
only fault he had to find with Mr. Redington
was that he was not a Repealer.
His Holiness the Pope is winning
golden opinions from the people ol
RnmP ti O/l incfant Ka
vu ?uv MVI 1IIUIUI11? UV |7?v*\.\yuuuu
on foot through the streets?a condescension
not practised since the days oi
The redactions in the tariff have been
made, and took effect on the 18th June.
The ukase says that they have been
made in order to give activity to foreign
commerce and national industry.
" LIHERTY AND MY NATIVE SOU.."
CHARLES Tl. TLlE N, Editor.
Abbeville C. II., S. C.s
WEDNESDAY, AUG. 12, 1846.
U3" We unintentionally omitted in
our last, to notice the examination ol the
scholars at the Female Academy at this
place, on the 30th ultimo. The exercises
were highly satisfactory to all present,
and were creditable to both teacher
and pupil. Mr. Lesly has been so long
favorably known as a teacher that any
thing from us in commendation of him
would be useless. It should be a source
of gratification to our villagers that they
have been enabled to procure the servi
ces ol Mr. L.esly in the Academy ; and
we trust that nothing will be wanting
upon their part to advance the interest
of the School, and retain him permanently
in his situation.
Forrign. News.?Extracts of which
will be found in this week's paper,
brought out by the steamer Hibernia.
The news is not important, with the exception
of the ratification of the Oregon
Treaty. The cotton market was firm
with an upward tendency.
Temperance in Law ens.?We learn
from the last Laurensville Herald, that
the friends of Temperance in that District
are taking ground against the resolutions
passed at the late Convention
I...l.i * :i ? i . .
iitriLt ui jvikuii, wun. rcgara to changing
the present license system and voting at
elections. In a set of resolutions passed
by the District Society on the 3d instant,
they disapprove of the recommendations
of the convention, and determine to adhere
to the principles heretofore ad vanced
upon the subject of legislation ; and at
a meeting of the Laurensville T. A. Society
on the 6th instant, in consideration
of this movement, has seceded from the
We have been apprehensive that
whilst this movement might meet with
approbation in some quarters of our
State, that it would be opposed in others.
A sufficient change in public opinion
has not yet been brought about for a
measure of this kind ; and we are fearf
1 .? . i i 1 ? - ?
iui mat snouia tne question be agitated,
it will result in injury to the temperance
cause, and produce a degree of excitement
throughout the length and breadth
of the land that is to be deprecated.
Let us yet awhile travel on in the good
old path, and use alone the mild and irresistable
weapons of argument and persuasion.
The Veto Message.?The bill ma
king appropriations for the improvement
of certain harbors and rivers, to the
amount of one million three hundred
and seventy-eight thousand four hundred
and fifty dollars, has been vetoed
t Vi o Procirlcnt Thi? Hnpnmpnt ia ra.
-J - .V,
plete with sound and forcible arguments,
setting forth reasons why these appropriations
should not be made; that at
some of these harbors no entry of foreign
goods is ever made, and no duties collected
at them ; no exports of American
nroducts bound for foreign countries
ever cleared from them ;?consequently
appropriations made for their improvement
would benefit the particular
neighborhoods alone in which they are
situated, which would be unconstitutional
and establishing a precedent which
would lead to the squandering of the
r public fund. Another equally strong
rAfltnn 1? tViit *Vta Jm?! ? ?
WMWWM bUU VCI11C111 Ui IUTOO
objects are of no pressing necessity?
that being engaged at this time in an
expensive war with a foreign country,
we should husband our treasures: especially
so since Congress has authorised
a loan, or the issue of treasury notes to
defray the expenses of the war, if the
exigencies of the Government should
Mr. Polk, by his consistant and
straight forward course, is daily adding
fresh honors to his name; and his adI
ministrution is destined to be one of the
brightest in the history of our country.
His position in all the great measures
which have been before him, proves him
a patriot of the first stamp, and each
step that he has taken in the discharge
of his duties has been with an eye single
to the good of the common country.
With a man of his stern inflexibility of
character, his discriminating sagacity
and integrity at the helm of state, we
may fear no danger, for our vessel will
gallantly weather every storm and bear
us on to prosperity.
Affn.i.rn n.t. Wnth.irnTtnn. Wr nrp
same, before this, the labors of Congress
have been brought to a close. This
Congress is characterised by the passage
of several vastly important measures?by
the settlement of the Oregon
question, which has so long been hung
up in uncertainty and doubt?and by
the passage of the Tariff Bill; to say
nothinir of others of less note, each of
these measures of themselves would
have been sufficient to make the session
memorable. The Warehousing Bill
has also passed both Houses ; also the
bill for the payment of the clams for
French Spoliation prior to 1800?and
now await the signature of the President
to become laws.
tt.umor lias readied here through the
letter writers at Washington, that the
Senate had been in secret session on
Tuesday and Wednesday, the 4th and
5th instant, deliberating upon a message
from the President, containing a proposition
for the settlement of the Mexican
war, and the purchase of California.
As to the truth of this rumor, we can
say nothing ; but the supine indifference
ui me mexicans 10 me advance ol our
army, and the absence of all preparation
for defence upon their part, would seem
to favor such a measure. The latest
accounts from Mexico, state that a
small force at Monterey was fortifying
that town ; yet the forces nre so inconsiderable,
the Americans would meet
with but little difficulty in talcing the
place; and the towns which have al
ready been taken offered no resistance
whatever. So there may be truth in
the rumor. A few days, however will
decide the matter.
Judge Greer, of Pittsburg, has been
nominated as justice of the Supreme
Court, and is thought the Senate will
confirm the nomination. Mr. Buchanan
has determined to remain in the^
State Department. Mr. Pickens, who
is now in Washington, it is thought will
be offered the London mission and that
he will now accept.
The friends of the Tariff are
much dissatisfied in the North at the
passage of the bill, and every mail that
reaches us now, comes ladened with
their waitings and lamentations, with
predictions of a ruined country, of bankrupt
thousands and misery unheard of.
In Pennsylvania, feeling upon this
question has been so high, and so exasperated
are they at the vote of the Vice
President that they have hung and burnt
him in effigy in various parts of the
State. At Harrisburg upon one of these
effigies was placed the following inscription
: " The political death of George
M. Dallas?Let traitors beware of the
death of a traitor?Peace to his ashes."
Southern and, Western Literary Messen
ger and Review: B. B. Minor, Editor,
Richmond, Va.?Terms, $5.00 per
annum, in advance.
We have received the August No. of
this valuable publication, which will be
found equal in interest with any pf its
Gen. Taylor has received from
the Mexican Government $1,200,
to be appropriated to the sick and
wounded Mexican soldiers in his
From the New Orleans Picayune.
LATER FROM THE ARMY.
The brig Empressario arrived at the
Barracks this morning, seven days from
Brazos Santiago, with Capt. [Gen ] Desha's
company of Alabama Volunteers,
who have been ordered to New Orleans
to be mustered out of the service, according
to instructions from the War Department.
Six other companies from
Alabama, all the Louisiana Volunteers
and the St. Louis Legion, as six months
men, are to be mustered out of ser*?n?
by the same authority. Cols. Peyton
and Featherston's Regiments are not recognized
by the Department as being
in the service at all.
When the Empressario left, most of
the regular troops had gone to Camargo,
where, it is probable, all are by this time.
Unless Gen. Taylor has been detained
on account of the withdrawal of so mamany
volunteers from the army, to make
new arrangements regarding the disposition
of the remaining ones, he has Join.
ed the regular army ere this at Camarg?
The Texan troops were about taking
up their march for Mier.
Several fine artillery companies had
arrived from the seaboard before the
Gju. Smith had proceeded with the
3d and 4th Regiments U. S. Infantry
up to Camargo, commencing with his
rank as Colonel in the army. It will be
recollected that Gen. Smith has been appointed
Colonel of the new Regiment
of Mounted Riflemen, and it is upon his
commission as such that he now acts.
Gov. Henderson was lying dangerously
ill at Matamoras at the latest dates
?very little hope was, tf any, entertained
of his recovery.
No news had been received of the
whereabouts of the Mexican army.
Letters had been received at Matamoras
from the City of Mexico, which stated
that Paredes was to leave that city
to join the army. The 29th ult. was the
day assigned by those letters for his departure
for the seat of war.
Brigadier General was to be left in
command at Matamoras, where a regiment
of volunteers was to be stationed
and the forts garrisoned by artillery.
iVJore extensive hospitals had been ordered
to be erected at Point Isabel, for
the accommodation of a large number
Ti:e Moon in Lord Rosse's Telescope.?Dr.
Scoresby of Ireland, whose
admirable discourses on Astronomy
have been arranged after the examination
of the stellar system through the
magnificent instrument of Lord Rosse,
remarks in a recent lecture, that with
regard to the lunar orb, every object on
the moon's surface is now distinctly to
be seen : and. he had no doubt that un
der very favorable circumstances, it
would be so with objects sixty feet in
height. On its surface were craters of
extinct volcanoes, rocks, and masses of
stones almost innumerable. He had
no doubt whatever that if such a building
as he was then in were upon tho
surface of the moon, it would be rendered
distinctly visible by these instruments.
But there were no signs of
habitations such as ours?no vestiges of
architectural remains to show that the
moon is or ever was inhabited by a race
of mortals similar to ourselves. It presented
no appearance which could lead
iko oainnnoi^nn ?kn? U
me ouppuouiuu iiiui u LUiiiaiucu any
thing like the green fields and lovely
verdure of this beautiful world of ours.
There was no water visible?not a sea,
or river, or even the measure of a reservoir
for supplying town or factory?all
seemed desolate. Hence would arise the
reflection in the mind in the christian
philosopher?why hud this devastation
been? It might be furiher inquired?
was it a lost world ? Had it suffered for
its transgression ? Analogy might suggest
the question, had it met the fate
___i t_ iJ _ J
which scnpiure iuiu us was reserved
for our world? It was obvious that all
this was mysterious conjecture. Upon
the subject of astronomy, a paragraph of
interest in relation to the plan net Saturn
and Brosen's second comet is given in a
letter from Rome, dated June 1st, which
states that the celebrated astronomer.
Schwabe, from his own observations and
the contemporaneous observations of
the Roman astronomers, has been led to
believe that a double period exists in the
variable eccentricity of the globe Ssturn
in respect to the ring, that is, the one of
two and the other of 70 hours. The second
comet of Brasen has slackened a
little in its rapiditv. and is movinir for*
ward towards the twins.
The U. S. Tresurer's official
statement shows by returns received
to July 27, 1846, the whole
amount of Government funds at
that time in the public depositories,
subject to draft, to have been