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I Vol. III. Abbeville C. H? S. C. Sept. 30, 1846 No. 31.
Published every Wednesday Morning, bj
A LLEN & KEK11.
Sic to tennis.
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nrnuinna ?r? !..? ?I ? r.i-- ?I
r.?..vuo 11# mi- uiusl' ui nit* volume.
(FoR THE BANNER )
The Thumb paper?Its Use.?The Bible?
its Influence. i
Mr. Editor:?I am truly gratified [
that you have hitherto manifested so
much liberality and independence as
editor of n rmhlir? innrnnl It wie .v?..
_ , J ...... ** .. uc III J
fortune (perhaps public opinion might
call it my misfortune) to be educated (if
at all) at a period when there were very i
few newspapers in circulation. My
object in making this statement, is by
no means to claim for mysel' or cotemporaries,
any thing like an equality in
point of scientific or literary acquirements,
but rather to point out the method
or manner by which we made out
in rrnt olnnn* iUh/v.%,-1. * I- - 11 * 1
w 6*.. uiuug niiuii^ii me worm wunoui
newspapers. Perhaps I may extort a
smile when I slate that we had thumb
papers. These (like newspapers) weie
of different dimensions, but their principal
use was to mark or keep the place
where we left off reading, and point to
where a new lesson began. We had
few books to read in families and common
schools; 1 believe I may safely
say, those who read any, generally read
more in their Bibles than any other
book. In those days it was the custom
for the Puritan Fathers (as they are deservedly
called) to call the family together,
open the Bible, directed by the
thumb paper to the chapter or verse
where he left off the morning or evening
previous; and I have heard many
times, during this exercise, very appropriate
and pertinent remarks made by
Klin luui icu iuc exercise, wnicn usually
closed by a song of praise and prayer.
The thumb paper was also used, and
useful in other respects, by enlarging it
to the size of the page we were reading
after we got able to scribble, after ascertaining
from our teacher the definition
of a word or the purport of a sentence,
we could, and frequently did, read it, adding
a few remarks of our own. I
have examined Walker, but cannot find
the word Thumb-paper, and it is probable
it mav be renntnd n vnlnmrlem T
J -1 ~ ?M.
find " Manuscript, note book and is it
not probable that as Princes have frequently
had their derivation from Peasants,
that " manuscripts" or " note
books," which I believe are now pretty
generally in use by lawyers, statesmen,
and now and then by a clergyman in
the sacred desk, had their origin in
thumb-paper? This being granted, 1
may it not be affirmed that newspapers
for the most part, are nothing more than
thumb-papers on an enlarged scale. In
thp. litp.rarv dpnxrimont nf T?
...w - j ???BVkc JL'I* iKumocii o |
history of South Carolina, alluding to
the period when thumb-papers were in
use, he remarks " Having but little to
read, they read that little well. Their
Bibles, when carefully studied, and one
part made to expound the other, by the
help of marginal references, open an
extensive view of the origin of the world,
and the great revolutions it has under
gone?of ancient nations, and particularlv
of the real stnt? nf human minim
in every clime and age. No history was
ever better written than that of the Jews,
by their own Moses. And there is j
more knowledge respecting the first half j
of the whole period that has elapsed,
since the creation of man, to be obtained
from the Bible, than from any other
source. Ou page 333 " There was no
Grammar school in South Carolina, prior
to 1730, except the Free school in
Charleston. from 1730 till 1766 there
were not more than four or five, and all
in and near Charleston from all of
which it is manifest, although we laboured
under many and great disadvantages,
compared with the present enliflrlftfpnprl
1 mnrntro^ an/1 imni?A??ino?
v? vu uiju Hlipil/Vfilg UgC
of the world; yet, blessed be God, we
hnd the radius, we had the germ, of all
that ever was, or now is, or ever will
be, great, good or excellent. We had
the Bible, and from the very circumstan
ces in which we were placed, we who
then enjoyed the privilege of such schoo
ling, as could then be obtained (it was
far from general) had to become acquainted
with the Bible at the Anniversary
meeting of the Abbeville auxilliary
Bible Society. In 1845,1 had the pleasure
of hearing the Rev. D. M. Turner,
" himself a host," deliver the anniversa2
sermon. His text was " A little one
all become a thousand, and a small
ohe a strong nation." Ksiah Ix, 22.
(I write from mfimnrv \ H? atn?A<i ..
??- J - / ?^ ao
an axiom, * that knowledge is power,"
and maintained that the knowledge de
rived and derivable from the Bible, contributed
more to individual or national
greatness and happiness, th;?n could
possibly be acquired from any other
source This was illustrated by a retrospect
of the progress, the successful, and
for the last half a century, the unparalleled
progres-s and improvements, made
in our own beloved country where eve-<
ry citizen had free access to the Bible,
lr?u> llntrtim miilio/1 co/*m'n/l
VV) UUUKIIIIIIVIIVUj CVV,U|^U IIUIU il I 1 1111hallowed
contributions of civil and ecclesiastic
domination. (L hope he will pardon
this imperfect sketch )
In accordance with the above is the
following extract, from Dr. Ting's address
before the British and Foreign Bible
Society, 29th July, 1842: " As chil
Hrpn nnrl cor tr?i r\ r? to rvT
VI* vaa UKU luiniic Ul VIII IClj WC 11(1 VU
twice conquered the world with that
simple sword of the spirit which is the
word of God. Apostles went out. unlettered,
untitled, unbenificed, unprac
tised, oppressed, reviled, calumniated
men. But the apostles were conquerors
of the earth, bccause they were fai.hful
to Heaven. They stood by the bible with
weapons of warfare that were not carnal
but spiritual, and God, the ascended
God, made them mighty through his
power, to the destruction of the powers
! nt rinri/nnoo A n/1 * I*?
v/i MMI nnvcg* X1.1IU tvn^Uj a^uiil IUC III"
flucnce of evil enslaved the world, and
the force of man's depravity, once more
overwhelmed with darkness, the light of
God's truth, then the apostles once more
conquered the earth, by the simple instrumentality
of the word of God. If
th;<- scene is to be acted over again?if
p v we are to be brought down to this
.-I, : '
ulti rv van; ui L'A|ii:i ICI1CU UIIUU IllOrtJ?1
say, as an humble minister of Jesus
Christ, be it so: Give us the single instrument
of God, the sword of the spirit,
and we will conquer the world a third
time. . Allow us but to go out with an unchained,
uncovered bible, and we ask for
nothing else for man: We have the
power, the certain, the living power?
the certain and infalliable gift of God?
the Saviour who gave his bible, shall
conquer by this Bible, through us his in
j struments, however wortliless, when
priest-craft, reason and man's philosophy,
shall have sunk into the darkness
they deserve. Oh, give to the nations
of the earth the word of God, and
by God's co-operating spirit you wili
give to God the nations of the earth."
Let this suffice for the present; if
you deem it worthy of a place in the
Banner, I may occasic^^fexlrop you a
thumb paper. I havo*^jiiy|jg^)er ready
for transcribing, and I ^gjge myself to
yourselt and readers, thaTT have no unkind,
or unpleasant feelings to gratify.
I do not rely upon myself; I rely upon
my Bible and reputed orthodox authors,
to sustain my views. Iam a native of
Abbeville (formerly Ninety-six Distiict,)
born the 9th October^s? 7 5.
(for this banner.)
A CHAPTER ON WAR.
Being a Scriptural Review of the War
I on the Rio Grande, f rom, the day of
r?< !>?//.>? iat~~ if 'i
jl i i.ou?;i? m vi ft o rr ll/l IU lilt
adjournment of Congress.
1. "And it came to pass, in the second
year of the reign of Pol If, whose
sir-name was Young Hickory, in the
third month and on the eleventh day
2. u That he sent a message of war
to the Great Sanhedrim, of the seven
and twenty tribes of Jonathan, assembled
in their chief city."
3. And the chief ruler set forth that
by the joint action of the two houses of
the Great Sanhedrim, the wilderness I
country, which is culled Texas, had be
come a pari of the land of their inheritance
4. And in that the chief officers of
the tribe of Texas, had declared the Rio
del Norte to be their boundary, he had
ordered his chief captain to occupy the
left bunk thereof, it being an exposed
5 Also that the barbarians, called
Mexicans, a warlike race which inhabi-1
|>J .L. -!J- -! ?L. L-J I
icu me ujjpusiiu siue 01 uie river, naa
dared to cross over this side thereof, and
had slain some of the children of Jonathan
6. likewise the chief ruler submitted,
in that war existed by the net of Mexico,
ikat ~I ?? ? u ? ?
iuui hie uuiiui a a wcii no iuo pniriUUSin
of Jonath&n demanded he should go
out to battle, not in the hope of dividing
the spoils, but to inflict condign chas
tisemeut upon their refractory neigh i
J bors. I
7. And it came to pass hereupon, that
both houses of the Great Sanhedrim, did
unanimously declare war against the ;
barbarians of* Mexico. i
8. And voted their chief ten millions s
picces of silver, arid fifty thousand of ;
heir miyhtest men of war .
him to dictate the terms of peace.
9 Meantime Zachary, sir-named Old t
Rough and Ready, from his always be- i
ing ready to use the enemy rough, was
encamped opposite Matamoras, a city of i
tho barbarians. i
iu. Mow belt Ueneial Scott, a mighty
man in valor, desired not that Captain
I'olk should make a Joab of hitn, but
tarried at the Capitol, the better to gratify
his penchant for turtle soup, and his
caaithis scribe ndi.
11. Now when the chief captain of
the host knew that the barbarians had
crossed the river, and had shed Jonathan's
blood on his own soil, he became j
...i.... 1 r..:_ ii i' i - ->
?ti y iriuiii uiiu itllli WUUIU Ilgni lilt? I
12. Accordingly Zachary sallied
forth, found the enemy, and fought i i
against him ; and the barbarians lied c
from before Zachary. I
13 And Zachary followed hard after
the barbarians, and the battle went sore a
against Mexico ; and the archers shot at t
them, and they were wounded of the t
archers, and fell down slain in the
14. And Zachary slew, in eight and f
forty hours, a thousand and three scorc 1
of the mightiest men of Mexico, with a 1
handful of men ho slew them.
15. He took also eight pieces of artillery,
several colors and standards, besides
a great number of prisoners, including
fourteen ol their chief captains, a
large amount of baggage, a great num- ?
ber of mules &c. ?
16 So the children of Jonathan tri- ?
u in plied greatly over the Mexicans, and ! <
followed after them to the river, ; ?
when the barbarians, all panic struck, j ;
1 ? * * * - ---I
piungeu in ana made the best of their J
way over. ?
17. Howbeit many of them attained ?
not the opposite shore, by reason of the r
roughness of the waves, but like Pha- <
roll's host of old, were drowned in the 1
midst of the waters. j
18. Now it came even to pass, whilst r
the barbarians were flowndering about '
in the. midst of the river, that one of them I
being greatly frightened so that he cried
r i i - f ? 1
jui ucij), one 01 ine captains Dade him
catch the tail of his horse ;
19. Now he caught hold thereof and
was brought safe to land, but being sore j
afraid, he essayed not to let go, and \va?
dragged many paces, his bt lly making
a furrow in the sand, whilst he cried ^
" save me from drowning."
20. Many such incidents, amusing
though melancholy, are said to have
21. Now these arethe chief of the
mighty men whom Zachary had, who j
strengthened themselves with him in the
field, arid triumphed at Palo Alto and
Resaca de la Palma. ^
22. And this is the number of the ^
mighty men whom Zacharv had; Col- ,
onel twiggs who was second in coin- j
23. And after him was Colonel Mc- [
Intosh who repulsud a charge of lancors, |
and was twicc wounded. r
24. And Colonel Garland was nlso i
one of the mighties; then Colonel,
Belknap, who headed a charge which
drove the enemy from his guns.
25. Also Childs and Ridgely, and
Ringgold ; then captain May who gallantly
led a charge of Cavalry on the ^
enemy's batteries, and captured the ^
Mexican general Vega.
26. These things did captain Muy, j
and had a name among the mighties.
27. Also captain Walker, who fought *
against the fifteen hundred Mexicans,
with a very few men, was amon?r the I
I mighties; J
28. And Lincoln, who slew with his
own hand, two lion-like men of Mexico,
and rescued a fellow officer.
29 Also the valiant men of the pri- J
vates, were exceeding many, so that ;
they could not be reckoned. !
30. Htfwbeit, the two battles which j ]
Zachary won, were the most brilliant ! ,
achievements of the age. \
31. And it came to pass after this, j
that Zachary eame, he, and all his host, <
against Matamoras, and pitchcd against 1
t, and built forts against it round about: i
but 1'olU, tl?o chief ruler, tarried at j
32. And Zachary smote Matamoras
ind took exceeding much spoil out of
he city, and sent to Washington a
splendid regimental color, many stand- ;
inis and guidons of cavalry, beside |
nueh spoil not reckoned.
33. Now it came pass after many
nonths, when the chief ruler's heart
vas moved within him,
34. That he sent another message,
vastly different from the former, prayng
tin* Great Sanhedrim to consider the
veaktiess and delusion of Mexico, th'itrength
and honor of Jonathan, and ;?ptropriate
two millions of dollars for the
wrpose ol settling the war.
35. I-lowbeit this measure of peace,
vorthy the chief of so miiihty a people,;
vns defeated by what is culled the peace I
30. And the very men who com-1
l i t
uaineu mat the war was costing Jonahan
hall a million a day. threw obsti:les
in the way of peace.
37. t; Tell it not in Ciath, publish it;
lot in the streets of Askelon ; lest the
laughters of the Mexicans rejoice, lest
hedaughtersof the barbarians triumph.1'
38. And it came to pass that the war
,vas prolonged for tnany^days thereafter,
hat it was prosecuted with more vigor
39. And the angel of peace that seem;d
to hover over the earth, took her
light to heaven, and the nation greatly
anguished, from reason of the war-dogs
icking up the subsistence of the land.
Respectfully Tin-: Colom:l.
f Wl! 1'ITPXI Pnn TIIP TI . ^
ON GOING TO CHURCH,
some go to church, fine clothes to wear,
Some go there, the news to hear ;
Some go there to sport their curls,
some ?o there to see the yirls:
o o ?
some go there, a ride to take,
some <10 there i'or fashion sake ;
some go there to take a sleep,
some go there, about to peep ;
soino go there to have a chat,
in - 11 r . i - *
i uey iniic 01 mis, and thru ol that;
Some go there to seem devout,
\nd some go there that they may shout;
V few go there with hearts sincere,
Po offer up a fervent prayer ;
L'hcy all some object have in view,
3ut God's true worshippers are few.
The Color of Houses.?The folloving
article, which we cut from the
?nirie Farmer, contains statements
vhich, as '* facts" or " fancied," may be j
vor'h attention. If the writer's theory
)0 correct, horse Lavalers may at once
:onie into vogue, and color will be as
mportant to h rses as to other artists
vhose profession it is to draw. "There
s no one fact that mankind is more iglorant
of than this?that the color of a
?orse is a sure indication of his charac- j
er. In this article I shall attempt to (
jive a few rules by which a man of.
.ommon observation can tell tiie di^posiion
of a horse as soon as he sees him. !
L'he first thing to be observed is, the co-'
or of the animal; the second is the J
)hrcnologicaI developments. If his co- i
or is a light sorrel, his feet, legs, and
ace white, these are marks of kindness.
rhen, if lie is broad and full between
he eyes I will warrant him to be a
lorse of good sense, and easily trained ,
o do anything. Such horses will have!
jood treatment; the kinder yon treat I
hem the better they will treat you in re- j
urn. A horse of the above description 1
,vill neverstand the whip if he is well fed.
Dne thing to be always observed in buyng
a horse, if you want a gentle one,
s to get one with more or less white '
? . % * - - - *
idoui nun. a spotted one is preferable, j
We see many of this color used in cir-i
:uses Some have supposed that this j
:olor was sought for by the owners of
hose establishments because of its oddi- J
y ; it is net so ; it is because horses of
:his discription are the easiest trained to ;
perform the difficult Teats that we see j
hem go through at such places. Again, j
f you want a safe horse, avoid one that j
s dish-faced ; he may be gentle, that is,!
le may not scare ; but he may have too j
nuch of the go ahead in him to be safe ;
i?rr - ?r -
ui c?ci^ uuuy, 11 yuu wuni a pcneci
fool, buy a horse ol great bottom, get a
leep bay, with rot a white hair about
lim; if his face - dished, so much the
WILL be conspicuously inserted at 75
cents per square for trio first insertion,
and 37 ? cents lor eacii continuance?
longrr ones <:liar?;<'d in proportion. Those
not having the desir* d number of inser
tions marked upon them will be continued
until ordered out, and charged according11?
For advertising- Estrnys Tolled, TWO
DOLLARS, to be paid by the Magistrate.
For announcing a Candidate, TWO
DOLLARS, in advance.
All letters or communications must
be directed to 11??* fed it or, postage paid.
worse ; boys or men that have, not good
c:ire ol themselves, should never have
anything to do with a horse of this kind ;
they are always tricky and unsafe. 1
have been denrived of the. nee r?f m\r
limbs for twenty-seven years; in this
time 1 have travelled over a large portion
of the western country by land, in
my one horse bugiry. In using the
kind of horses that ! have first described.
1 have invariable found them kind and
gent It? to manage. Hut in using the
dc<;p bays 1 have suffered enough by
their treachery to kill forty men."
Scrmiion .mooi: or Crnixu Hams.?
Agreeable to your request, I herewith
scud you the process of curing the hams * ?
1 scut you :n .March, which recently ?
ralb-d forth admiration of the American 9
Agricultural Association, and Farmer's
Hub Jii Now York. 1 made a pickle of
! two <|u;iris of salt, to which 1 added one
i ounce of summer savory, one ounce of
sweet marjoram, one ounce allspice,
halfounee of saltpetre. an:l one pound of
brown sugar : boiled the whole together;
and appiird the mixture boiling hot, to
one hundred pounds of ham, and kept it
in'the pickle three or four weeks. My
process of smoking wis not live, most ex
pensive, but may not be the less available
on that account. I smoked the hams
in a seed cask with one h^ad in, with a
small h >le for iho sm ike to pass out,
hunir my hams to the head, and used
about a pock of m dio^any saw-dust for
fuel. I smoked them but one week.
Aw eric an Agriculturist.
Ori?ix of the Word IIuMnuo.?
A scotch paper affirms that this
word is of Scottish origin. There
\v;is ill olden times :a. rnr.p. now r?v_
tincf. called Rogue or Boag of that
Ilk, in Berwickshire. A daughter
of this family married a son of
Ilunie or Hone, also of that Ilk.
In process of time, by default of
male i&.'Ue, tVic Rogue property devolved
on one Goordie Homo or
Hulrne, who was properly styled
Hume or Home or I he Bog. This
worthy was somewhul. inclined to
tin- marvellous, and had a vast inclinaiiou
to exalt himself, Ins wile,
family, brother, and ail his aeeessors
on both sides. His tales, however,
did not pass curienr, and at
last, when anybody made any ve-?
ry exi raordinary statement in the
Mearns, the bearers would shrug
1111 f 11 111 i* ctinnl liiPL* o nrl i-'t trl/* t #
U|/ VKOII .--11WH1 I\.I .1 flli'.l l u
' just, a hum o' ihe Hog." This
was soon shortened into humbug,
and in a few years the word spread
like wildlire over the whole kingdom.
Crushed Affections.?I To a- many
suffer un returned affection.
They are attached sometimes
strongly to those who return them
cold words, in different looks, and
even avoid their presence. A
word, that might not otherwise be
noticed, often sink deeply in the
heart of one whose lile is bound
uj> in another. Where an object
is cherished, each motion is watched
with solicitude, and a smile
gives exquisite pleasure, while a
frown sends a dagger to the heart.
ic n A <rmntor? t ko ? *
* ?*V? W .??\/ vikit.! Olll 1 Ki CLIX IU
c rush th? warm affect ions gushing
freely from a generous heart. 16
dries up the fountain of the soul,
radcs the smile on the cheek, and
exists a shade over every bright and
glorious prospect. Draw near to
the heart that loves you. return the
favors received, and if you cannot
love in return, be careful not to
bruise or break it by a careless
word, an unkind expression, or an
The Spirit of Old Kentucky.?
There is something in the very air
of Kentucky which makes a mail
a soldier. The news of the war
is received there in the same spirit
in which the sick Irishman rejoiced
: " Oh ! doctor, excuse me j
here is a fight going on ; the first I
have seen since I left the oH coun?
try, and 1 must take a hand in it |
it will do me good 1"