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THE BANNER, j
" LIBERTY AND MY NATIVE SOU.." <
CHARLES H. ALLEN, Editor. I
Abbeville C. H., S. C.: <
WEDNESDAY, OCT. 7, 1846, i
?3= We were presented the other 1
day with some dozen or more boles of
JVastoden cotton, grown by Mr. James (
Taggart ; and for length of staple and 1
fairness of texture, it exceeds any we 1
have ever seen.
?Cjr" Two alinonds were presented to
us a week or two since, which were
grown by Josiaii Patterson, Esq.
l Rail Road Convention at Greenville,
5. C.?We had intended, in our last, to 1
* "publish the proceedings of the Conven- ?
tion, which took place on the 21st ult., J
but the crowded state of our columns J
prevented us. It was attended by a ?
goodly number of representatives from
many parts of this State and North Ca- ,
Tolina. It is the understanding of the
Convention, that a memorial be drawn
up and presented at the next session of
the Legislature, soliciting either a modi- i
fication of the charter already granted, 1
or a new one, that the village of Green- 1
ville may be connected with the city of
Charleston by the most practicable rout.
We learn from one of our citizens
who attended the meeting, that the pro- '
bable course of the Road, if established, c
will be through Greenwood and Cokes- t
oury m this District, to Calhoun in An- 1
derson, and thence to Greenville. A ?
committee was also appointed to open
books for the subscription of stock in
this District, and to present the matter
to the people. To carry out this purpose,
it is suggested that a meeting be (
held on the Tuesday of Court at this j
mJrtra of -?It -
?v wiiio me suujtrci will De
We trust our influential men and capitalists
will lend their aid in the establishment
of such a Road. It certainly |
will be of incalculable benefit to our
District, and afford facilities to our far- 1
mers for transporting their produce to C
market, before their slow moving wa- '
trnnc ^* ?? ^
g?us wuiu iiiatLc a uay s journey.
H3?The Washingington Union \
says, the means of government are com- t
plete; it has a surplus of cash, o? more j
than five millions, and a large accruing ,
revenue; its treasuary notes are receiva- j
ble now every where in payment of pub- j
iic dues, and redeemable at the treasury g
in specie before or after maturity. (
Henry Clay, is spoken of by the t
Kentucky papers, to fill the vacancy in t
the U. S. Senate, occasioned by the Te
signation of Mr. Mooreiiead. 1
jEir? The personal friends of Commo- 1
dore Decatvr. are about to remove his 1
remains from Washington to St. Peter's
in Philadelphia, where his father and ;
relatives are buried. A handsome monu- 1
ment will be p.TPft?/l J
? .V UI>U| al^uuiu U1.1B
be carried out. !
JEJf" We have the following from the
Washington Union, with regard to the
propositions of peace, made to Mexico; <
it states that Mexico, has not refused to i
negotiate with the government of the
United States, until we shall withdraw
our forces. Tll? BAO?*nmonJ
? ? WW ^^vv*MtUVU? Ui frUUb |
Republic has determined to refer the <
President's overture, to open negotia- '
tions for peace, to the constituent Con- 1
gress of ilfexico, which will assemble in
the beginning of December. 1
They are disposed, it appears from the (
late news, in the mean time, to make
still further trial with us of arms, and
should they be again unsuccessful, and j
the bloody scenes of the 8th and 9th of j
Jfay, be acted over, they will be wil- \
ling to negotiate. But our government
should have learned enough of Mexico's .
character bv this time, to know, that if I
success, in any way, crowned their arms,
peace would be the least of their thoughts.
Such a proposition should never have
been made to them from our Govern- t
ment, but we should continue to fight L
hem until they laid down their arms.
Important Rumors.?The Washingon
correspondent of the Philadelphia I
LJ. S. Gazette says, that a cabinet coun- J
:il was held on Saturday last, when it
tvas determined, that the Gulf squadron j
should make an attack on Tampico, and i
>rders were directed to be transmitted \
br that purpose. The reasons for adopt- j
ng this measure are said to be briefly
Between Monterey and Saltillo, a t
listance of about 80 miles, there is a se- '
ies of dangerous defiles, where troops *
nay probably be exposed to harrassing (
ittacks, should the Mexicans adopt the
juerilla mode of warfare. Again, be- 1
ween Saltillo and San Louis de Potosi, 1
here is an immense desert, in crossing ,
.vhich our troops would be so weakened
md diminished, that they would scarcey
be in a condition to resist a vigorous
lttack, If however we could get possession
of Tampico, we shall be able to
jive the necessary aid to render our
niiitary operations effective. '
ftUliUK. 9 1AULL. 1
Southern Cultivator: J as. Camak, Edi- 1
tor. J. W. &. W. S. Jones, Publish- i
crs, Augusta, Ga.?Price, 81.00,
The October No. of this publication *
s before us with its usual amount of use- 1
"ill information to the farmer. (
The Treasury of History: Published by (
Daniel Adde, 107, Fulton-st,, N. Y. ?
?Price 25 cts. per No.
The 7?h number *hi? nnKHcatinn '
las oeen received. It contains the con- j
:lusion of the History of England, and ,
he commencement of ar\ interesting ?
listory of Ireland.
Southern and Western Literary Messen- j
ger and Review: B. B. Minor. Editor,
Richmond, Va.?Terms, $5.00 per
annum, in advance.
The October number of this able Ma- <
?uziiie,is aiso Deiore us. We have so
)ften spoken in its praise that we deem
it unnecessary to repeat,.
Mr. Editor :?A writer in your last
japer, in giving an account of the late
Commencement at Erskine College,
riakes a serious mistake when he speaks
)f the " Anniversary Orator of the Eujhemian
Society." On such occasions
here is but one Anniversary Orator, ap- j
jointed by the Societies alternately. t
Sis Address is delivered before both So- t
jieties and is invariably published. The
Anniversary Orator at the late Com- 1
nencement was appointed by the Phi- }
omathean Society. The Society, not ^
hus represented, selects from the former j
graduates of the Institution some one to
leJiver its diplomas on the occasion; (
he diplomas of the other Society being 1
lelivered by the Anniversary Orator.
The delivery of the diplomas is prefaced
by a short speech, directed exclusively t
v> r? ...i '
?v iuvqo iui wuui^ii 1116 uipiomas sire in* "
tended. This is a? entirely different j
thing from delivering the Anniversary ,
Address before both Societies, which last i
s reserved for mea of learning, talent *
ind character, as the published Addres- 1
les abundantly testify.
Euphemjan Society. '
?? ' [
The British Government is seriously j
considering the project of constructing a i
ship canal around the falls of the St. 1
Mary, thereby opening a, communica
lion for the largest class of vessels with
Lake Superior. A survey of the route ]
is now in grogress. The length of the \
canal required is only two miles, a/id i
the estimated costbut two hundred: thou- j
. U||U UUMHIO* J
A great religious revival is in progress 1
it Nashville, Tenn. At the Methodist j
church alone the converts number 333.
Rev. J. W. Walker, President of the
Pittsburg Conference of the Westeyaa
Methodist E. Church, sitting at Pitts- 1
nr.J i- * ? ? -??- -
iruig, nmun tv eunesaay arresiea wnue p
in the chair, on a charge of libel alleged \
to have been published, in. the Trae a
Wegleyan, the organ of the Church, on t
fohn B. Miller, of Alleghany city. f
ilGHLY IMPORTANT FROM
The City delivered into the hands of the
An ti- Mormons.
From the officers and passengers of
he steamer Alvarado, the St. Louis Orjan
gathers the following particulars:?
Steamer Alvarado arrived at the lan
ling this morning from Keokuk. She
rhe brings down a large number of
uormons, who nave aoandoned the Hoy
City after all the troubles and difficul-1
After much skirmishing and several
persons being killed during Sunday,
ind the three days following, on Thurslay
the Anti-Mormons entered the city
n a very large body and all completely
A parley was held, which resulted in
1 Hemnnrl thnt thn Mnrmnn? nnd nil an
he city engaged in the troubles, should
eave Nauvoo within five days, and at
>nce deliver their persons, arms, ammulition,
and the city itself, into the hands
>f the Anti-Mormons.
This was at last complied with, but
ivhether from fear, inclination, or a
nere desire to avoid bloodshed, we have
lot yet learned. The Anti-Mormons
hen took possession of every thing; and,
)r course, in contradiction of the late oriers
of the Governor of Illinois, and conrary
to law. Immediately the Mornons
began to leave the city. A large
lumber started on the Alvarado, and
nany on the Potosi.
On the opposite shore we understand
hat the people, or authorities of Iowa
iad interfered to prevent those leaving
rom entering that Territory. They
nust consequently, come to the city and
Vom here scatter abroad.
We also learn that the Temple will
ie allowed to remain unharmed, but we
nuch doubt this, and should not be surjrised
if the next arrival brought news
)f the destruction of this beautiful buil1:
II .L. J ! ? r i-%
juig, as wen as me dwelling 01 ?>mma
It is but right to state however, that
hus far no violence has been done eithsr
to the people or to the building or
jroperty, and we sincerely trust that
>ve may not be compelled to chronicle
iny news to the contrary.
The St. Louis Republican (extra) of
he same date, has the following letter
rnm thpir unrrpennnrfonf
? ?, Steamer
Friday, Sept. 18, 1846. $
"i'he Mormon war is at last ended.
Dn Wednesday evening, the Quincy
Committee prevailed on the Mormons
o surrender; and yesterday at 3 o'clock,
he Antics marched into, and took possession
of the city of Nauvoo. The
V^ormons stipulated to leave forthwith,
>r as fast as they can possibly get away,
jxcept a committee of five, who are to
"emain to dispose of the property yet beonging
to the community. No propery
has been, or is to be destroyed?alhough
a strong disposition existed, with
???.. il? A ?- 1-. -l m
uauy ui i nc Amies, iu uesiroy toe 1 emjle.
They fear it will be a beacon
ight to lure the the Mormons back.
By refraining from violent measures
he Anties have saved themselves from
i great deal of reproach. i
A gentleman who left Nouvoo yeserday,
at 2 o'clock, said the Mormons
vere leainng as fast as they could get
iway. Yesterday was a happy day
or the citizens of Hancock county, as
jeace is now permanently iestored to it.
I was not able, before I left, to cret a
:opy of the articles of surrender agreed I
ipon, but have given you the substance
>f the treaty.
Gen. Kearney.?A correspondent of
he St. Lonis Republican says :?" I
ear that accomplished and gallant solder,
Gen. Kearney, will have a hard
iroe of it; his troops were so raw, and
vithal have enjoyed such great freedom,
hat they will be hard to break in?but
Stephen W. Kearney will accomplish
ill that any man could."
He adds?" He is a soldier in the
UU9II WUIIipiCUCIIBlVC Illcteillllg U1 sue
yard, and the American Flag will never
)e disgraced while he has charge of it.
llthough a most rigid disciplinarian, he
s a most just man?the rights of the
tumble soldier are safe in his hands."
Iowa Dragoons.?We see by the
Burlington Hawkejre, that Capt/Hooe,
vno ipst ms arm at Keseca de la Falma,
ecently mustered a company of dragoons
nto the United States service at that
>lace. They are intended for service
n the Indian country, about the upper
>ortion of the State, and to prevent the
iquor dealers from selling to thelndiins.?Phil.
How to make Turkey tender.?
3alf an hour before the bird it* killed
jour a glass 01 brandy down its throat,
trhich produces complete intoxication,
ind gives the flesh of the tipsy turkey, a
enderness superior to that, which is
?roduced by long keeping.
From the N. Y". True Sun of the 25th ult.
THE REPLY OF MEXICO,
It is possible that the reply of the
Mexican Minister runs thus :?" The
Government of the Mexican Republic
have perceived with much satisfaction
t^e desire of the Government of the United
States for the establishment of a
peace, honorable to both countries, without
an armistice being first proclaimed
for the passive action of the army and
navy of the two nations during the settlement
of terms. As negotiating upon
such conditions would, necessarily,
place the newly organized government
of the Republic of Mexico in a very delicate,
and disadvantageous position, the
government of Mexico, previous to yielding
their assent to the proposals of the
government of the United States, deem
it expedient for the honor of both nations,
to ask, whether it would not be appro
priate for the United States to withdraw
their land and naval forces from the
territories and harbors of Mexico before
an attempt shall be entered upon to settle
terms of peace, or if that is inadmissible
by the United States, whether it
would not be at least agreeable to them
to furnish the government of Mexico
soma data upon which they might base
hope of being able to arrive at a satisfactory
result during the active operations
of the armies and navies of the two powers.
If the government of Washington
tnink so, and will favor the government
of Mexico with a reply to that effect,
accompanied by a concise statement oi
the terms upon which they propose to
base a treaty of peace, the Mexican government
will be pleased to give the
whole subject their renewed and earnest
consideration, to insure to both nations
the mutually desired result."
If the foregoing is the sum total of the
reply of the Mexican government (and
probably the Washington Union can
say it is) the peace overture is not denied;
it ic 1 n nhontn-n/-/t nnli' on/1
*? ?w II* wt/oyicfll/lj VIIIuuu CUUJCLl^ UJ
such, to the re-consideration of the two
The Correspondent of the N. York
Journal of Commerce writes :?
" The possession of Tampico is indispensible
to the operations of the in vading
army of Gen. Taylor. After he reaches
San Luis de Potosi, he will be in need
of supplies which can only be furnished
to him from Tamniro. hv thp> vaIIpv nl
? J , ?J -~J ?
the Paruco, the most practicable route,
by the way; for our army invading
Mexico, as the judgment of the Spanish
Commander long ago decided.
4' In case General Taylor should need
additional forces and munitions, he can
only procure them through Tampico.
The navy, in case we have possession
of Tampico, can be of some aid to the
army of invasion. If Taylor's army, by
any accident, should get into a bad box,
they canot retreat back through the
desert and mountain which passes to
Montery, but would have means of a
safe retreat to Tampico.
" Tampico can and will be taken,
without a fight, if a few light steamers
be used, and boats to land some 500 01
1000 men. There is very little prospect
of any more fighting, unless we attempt
to take the Castle, which will not be
The expenses attending the present
plan of the campaign by land and by
sea, now projected and in progress cannot
be lessened by un armistice. There
is no doubt that Mexico is ready to treat
upon the basis affirmed by this Government?or
rather that she will soon be
ready?but in order to render our terms
palatable and popular, she wishes an
armistice during the negotiation. We
have had too much experience in Mexican
diplomacy, to trust to anything
short of an actual treaty, and even after
that there may be doubts whether Mexi
co will adhere to ou engagements. An
armistice would save us nothing, and
would rather lessen than promote the
disposition of the Mexican government
to enter into a treaty of peace and boundaries.
I doubt verv much, whether, under
present circumstance?, the Administration,
whatever show it may make of increased
vigor in the prosecution of the
war, will take any steps that will much
increase the present rate of expenditure."
Bate, the Pirate.?This man,
who has been the subject of much
conversation, sailed on Tuesday,
say the New York Express, as a
steerage passenger, in the Queen
of the West, for Livernnol. Sn
A Windfall.?A poor Englishman,
with a wife and family, living
in St. Louis, has had a fortune
of $26&4000, in money, on deposite
in the Bank of England, and a
i'. ... ti 4 _ j m-mr * * 1
iniuuy esiaie in wesimoreianu,
worth oyer &115.000, recently left
him by a deceased relative.
Sharp Shooting.?The report of the
last battle at Nauvoo states that the engagement
lasted over four hours, and
ihat during this time more than eightycannon
shots were fired. How they
managed to kill and wound so few is to
us a mystery. Only three of the Mormons
were shot dead, and some five or
six wounded ; on the other side the loss
is said to be even less. The fight must
have been carried on at a considerable
distance, and out of the reach of small
arms. The artillery appears to have
done but llttlo fiXPfMltinn nnrl
? kuw gunners
must have been poor marksmen, or
so terribly frightened at the smell of
i gunpowder that they could not take aim
with any degree of precision. It is to
be hoped that the little brush at murder
ing each other which they have had will
, satisfy both sides, and that the civil au
thorities of the State will see the necessi
ty of doing something towards putting
a stop to these outrageous proceedings.
Mormondom is represented as bear
ing all the features of a citadel; every
man within its limits is under arms, and
, many of the boys are bearing huge pistols
and knives upon their persons, numi
bers of the women, it is said are keen
\ for the fiorht. ami pvnrpss fliemcoltroo
ready to bear arms should it become
i necessary for the protection of the tem
pie and the city. There appears to be
but one feeling among the Jack-Mormons,
and that 13, to die before they will
t suffer the force, which threaten their
f city to invade it: having repulsed their
' foes twice, they begin to increase in the
wnuugii^u ui mult auiiuy iu proieci
themselves, and twice have they refused
offers of peace Should the anties receive
no reinforcements, they will have
to exercise more skill and bravery bei
fore they can succeed in bringing the
Mormons to terms The fight will be
i renewed no doubt, but it is more than
: probable the Mormons will maintain the
i possession of the city.
> St. Louis New Era.
We have seen various versions in the
newspapers of the contents of the late
despaices from Mexico. But whatever
be the truth upon the matter, our true
policy seems to point to a vigorous pros;
ecution of the war. The President,
I with all his disposition for peace, has
I declared his objections to any armistice,
f (a o ntr noeeolmn ^ ^ 4-' ?
iv UUJ V.CCOUVKUU UI llUSllIlllCS Ulllli 21
, treaty of peace has been made and rati;
fied. As we said the other day, the only
i road to a prompt and permanent peace,
is a vigorous prosecution of the war.
I Washington Union, Sept. 23 rd.
Pauper Immigration.?On Wednesday
evening last 150 German Immi
grams 01 au ages and both sexes were
landed at New York, from the ship
Sardinia. They had scarcely a dollar
| among the party, and were entirely destitute
of the merest necessities. The
Captain had humanely kept them on
1 board for five days after their arrival,
and then being compelled to put them
' on shore. It is stated in the New York
Enquirer that the entire colony were
paupers in Hesse Darmstadt, and the
in habitants or authorities had contributed
8 lbs per head to transport them to this
country; and by way of inducements,
for them to come they were told that on
reaching this country the German Emigrant
Society would take care of them,
and send them out west, where they had
-f i i . :? * i
ui lauu 10 gives iu seiners.
Alderman Purser was sent for and on
his arrival found them lying about the
wharf, some on their trunks, others on
bundles, and many having only the
earth for a bed.. He caused the aged
and infirm to be taken to the station
house, and food to be given to all.
Charleston Evening News.
The Augusta Constitutionalist, of
Monday last, says that there was quite
an illumination on Shultz's Hill, oppo*
site Augusta, on Saturday night previously.
Rockets were fired on the occasion,
and the presence of a fine band,
gave joy to others besides Mr. Shultz.
On enquiry, the editor subsequently
learned that "the cause of iubilatioa
was that Mr. Shultz had paid the draft of
$500, drawn on him by Mr. Webster,
for his retainer in the Bridge Case."
. Substitute for the Potato.?At
this crisis any one who can succeed in
recommending a substitute for the potato,
says, the New York Sun, under the
destruction of the crops, deserves the
thanks of the rich and poor. Lieut.
Porter^ of the Navy, states, that he
brought from Chili in 1824, a small,
green bulbous root, about the size of a
marble, which he planted, and in two.
years it produced a fine blue-nosed potato,
and this bujbis indigenous to, Chili,.
Ti PnrlAP oairo fkof Iia Uaa ma
JLJtr* M. v??v? OUJQ kUUV uo UIM9 ISU MUUUV
that the potato has actually run out. and
unless this Chili plant is propagated the
potato will disappear. He rec^rfimends
the cultivation of the yam, cassada and.
taro as substitutes, all of wtftch. can be^
easily and profitably cultivated*
. - ^ ........