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THE BANNER, j
' - f
jVol. III. Abbeville C. H., S. C. Oct. 14, 1846- No. 33. |
Published every Wednesday Horning, bi
ALLEN & KEKK.
fie to ^Trrms.
ONE DOLLAR AND FIFT^
CENTS per annum, if paid within thre?
months from the time of subscribing-, 01
TWO DOLLARS after that time^ Nt
t ~ -
auoscripuon received for less tliaTI sis
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all arrearages ore paid, except ot the option
of the editor. Subscriptions will be
continued, unless notice be given otherwise
previous to the close of the volume.
(for the banner.)
The Washinglonian System.
Mr. Editor:?Will you indulge me
while I present to your readers a few extracts
from respectable authorities,
which to my view, presents the fallacy
ol making either public opinion or expediency,
a permanent rule of action,
where conscience is concerned. It is
well known, one or both of these, is the
acknowledged basis for, or upon which
the Washinglonian system is laid.
1. Extract, South Carolina Temperance
Advocate, Volume 3d, New Series,
No. 20.? Drunkard's hooking Glass.
No. 45.?The author asks this question.
Is it however, the part of Legislation
to wait for public opinion ? He
answers, it is not legislators are chosen
to make such laws for the government
ol the people as m their wisdom, alter
debate and due consideration, may think
to be necessary and proper. Here their
conscicncc, and not the will of the people,
must prevail; for they are sworn 10
discharge their duty according " to the
best of their ability." This plain requi
sition on the part of the people in their
Constitution, is neither to be gainsaid or
denied. The Legislator brings to his
office, his own ability, his own perceptions
of right and wrong, he must act
according to his own conscience, in defe
rence to public opinion and leave the
people, if after due reflection they think
him wrong, to correct his error by placing
some other in his place. The Hon.
Judge O'Neill is understood to be author.
The same who represented Temperance,
at the Anniversay or Commencement
of (Erskine College,) to be one ot our
household Divinities "the more we
worship the better."
r* 1?..* 4 C* . j 7. * A .1
HiXiraci, tjuibi/izr/i \sfirisiiu,ri sxuvocaie,
November 11th 1842?Editorial
on " Clerical Costume."?But if a man's
conscience is involved, even the thousandth
part of an hairs-breadth, with reference
to the cut of a coat, why let him
here follow his own light, and beware
of trifling with what he deems a sacred
3. Extract, Christian Advocate atxd
Journal, November 23d, 1838."?
"There are many instances it must be
conceded, public opinion will and
should exert, a controlling influence.
vv lieu lur us m our own country,
the will of the majority, legitimately
expressed constitutes the supreme law
of the land. Public opinion as the only
method of expressing that will should
and must be heard, and when heard,
must be bowed to with submission.
But in whatever relates to the subject of
religion, a totally different rule and
standard claim, and claim of right, to
prescribe to us, and decide upon our entire
course of conduct. Here the law
of God, not public opinion, is the onlv
sufficient rule, both of our faith and
practice, and for this very important and
obvious reason, among many others;
that upon the subject of religion, all history
proves, that public opinion is to the
full as liable to be wrong as right.
However true the popular maxim,
u Vox populi, Vox Dei:" The voice
of the people is the voice of God. On
the subject of religion it is anything but
true. Public opinion put the Saviour
of the world to death. The voice of
.? 1 ! _ .1 l! !.L L!
me people cneu " away wjui mm, away
, with him, it is not fit that such a fellow
should live. Crucify him, crucify him."
Public opinion shed, until it swelled
. into an ocean the best blood of the primitive
church. Public opinion sanctioned,
and iudeed it was it that decreed
nil the monstrous and unheard of cruel
ly by which ancient Rome appears to
have been so greatly entertained and
enraptured, in the bloody entertainments
of her Amphi-theatres &c.
4. Mathew 22?21?<fc Render
therefore to CjESar the things which
are Cjesar's ; and to God the things that
are God's." Doctor A. Clark, on this
text asks this question. " But what is
Cesar's? Answer 1st, Honor. 2nd,
Obedience, and 3rd, Tribute. But if
Gssar should intrude into the things
of God, coin a new Creed (total abstinence
for instance (mine) or broach a
new gospel (the end sanctifies the
means (mine,) and afTeet to ride the conscience
while he rules the State; in
these C4E8A& is not to be obeyed. He
i$ talcing tfee things of God, and he
must not get them.
5. Extract, Temperance Discussion
Charleston Observer, September 17th,
1842. Editorial as to the Lawfulness of
using wine as a beverage, there may
be no doubt; and yet its use maybe abandoned
on the ground of expediency. * * *
The subject is one which, in our opinion,
comes not within the province of
the Church For the Church there is a
full Code of laws given in the bible, and
its officers are bound to administer them
with all fidelity. " But they are to add
nothing to, they are to take nothing
from this unerring standard. They cannot
therefore, make as a term of communion
what God has not made. As the
use of wine is not prohibited in the bible,
th??v cannot nrnhihit it. All that thev
can do as Church officers, is to admonish
against the abuse of their privilege,
and exercise the discipline of the Church
upon those who drink to excess"
6 Extract. Southern Christian Advocate,
August 5th, 1842. No ecclesiastic
body making the New Testament code
a standard of law, has a right to interdict
what God has not proscribed."
This declaration is made in allusion to
the wine as a beverage. Let this suffice
to show the affinity between public
opinion and the lule that should direct
and dictale conscience. I'jxpcuiency in
in)- next. J. P.
(reported for tiie banner.)
The Board of Directors of the Bible
Society, of Abbeville Dis'rict, beg leave
to present, this, their nineteenth Annual
No Annnal Report was presented to
the Society at its meetings in July 1843
and 1844, for reasons assigned in the
last Report. ,
It will be seen by reference to to the
last Report, that up to that time, this Society
had received about 1958 Bibles,
and about 3230 Testaments- nnd hnd
distributed about 18G7 Bibles, and 3060
Testaments: Since the last annual
meeting the Society has received 159
Bibles, and 315 Testaments, and has
put into circulation 179 Bibles, and 282
Testaments; making the number of
Bibles and Testaments, that have been
received since the organization of the
Society up to the present time as follows
Bibles received. 2117
Testaments received, 3545
Ag'te of bibles & testaments rec'd, 56G2
And in the same time the Society has
distributed 2046 Bibles, and 3342 Testaments:
Aggregate of Bibles and
Testaments distributed, 5388
In conformity to the Resolution of the
Society at its last meeting, fifty dollars
have been forwarded to the parent Society
as a donation, and the receipt ac- 1
knowledged. Two Colporteurs have
been supplied with Bibles and Testaments
from our depository for distribu
lion in our uisirici me pasi year, i nese
Colporteurs were endeavoring to sup- (
ply the whole of the destitution in our 1
district; and although the labors of one
of them is now suspended, it is hoped 1
that it will be so, but for a short time.
In the organization of this Society
and for several years afterwards, it had
for its members, friends and supporters i
many of the Clergy, and other leading
iiilinnmis n C /Ml ? /I ir t ? a# D.?* f? > I
^UI?t;iJ3 Ul Uul UlOU ILL . L)Ul IUI dUVCiUi
years back, there has been a lamentable
falling off of its members, as well
Clergymen as laymen. It is strange to
see the apathy and apparent indifference
manifested by our citizens generally in
this good cause. But it is some consolation,
that in the midst of this coldness,
some of its friends have stood fast and
firmly by it; and it is hoped that they
will press forward with increased zeal
and might in its causa.
In looking back to the time (now
about a Quarter of a centurv) that this
Society was organized, and in view of its
action since, the board are satisfied that
much good has been done; but the
board think that there is much yet to be
done, and that the times call upon the
friends of ihe bible cause every where
to come up to its support.
All which is respectfully submitted
July, 1846. Thos. C. Perkin.
Resolved, That the thanks of this Society
be tendered through the Abbeville
Banner. to the gentlemen who com do
sed Jury No. 2, at the last Extra Court
?for the donation presented to this Socieg
through their Foreman, A. Giles,
From the New York Sun.
Eight Days Later from Europe
ARRIVAL OF THE
Dv the steamer Great Western,
Captain Matthews, in eighteen days
from Liverpool, we have English papers
to the 12th instant. This favorite steamer
has a large number of passe. Tcrs.
and a heavy freight.
The improvement in business,
ced at the sailing ot the last step
continues; and matters are neai.* in
the same relative position.
The Cotton market continues steady,
and although we cannot fix a higher
quotation, yet on some descriptions there
has been an upward inclination. Considerable
anxiety prevails respecting the
The failure of the potato crop influences
the price of provisions of every
kind. Bacon and ham are rising ra?:.i
i.. i ~ ,1: ?? 1.? :
J/MJ1J. lliUlilll LUI II Id anU lIRlVddlU^ 111
value, as in fact is almost every kind of
The Sikh war is about to be renewed
in India. The British army is assembling
again for this purpose.
O'Connell has gone to Darrynane,
and there will be a iuli at Conciliation
Hall. He dilates on the failure of the
potato crop, and promises the people
plenty of food and work if they keep
quiet?if they do not violate the law.
He estimates the the expense of feeding
the people until the next harvest, at Fifty
Millions of Dollars, which sum, he
estimates, tlfe Government is ready to
advance, if the necessitv arise
7 ? /
The commissioners have reported
that the bay of Gahvay presents great
natural advantages for a more rapid
communication with North America.
From the N. Y. Express?By Ttlgraph.
Seven Days Later from Europe.
ARRIVAL OF THE
STEAM Kit HIBEKNIA.
By the arrival of the mail steamer
Hibernia. Captain Ryrie, which arrived
here this forenoon from Liverpool, makins
the passage in thirteen davs and
W I w ^
eighteen hours, we have advices from
Liverpool to the 19th September, London
Well founded apprehensions of a
failure in the American cotton crop
have caused an increased demand for
the staple in Liverpool, and prices have
accordingly advanced a farthing per
Her Britanic Majesty's government
and the people of Spain have manifested
so much hostility to the marriage of the
Queen of Spain's sister, to Louis Philippe's
youngest son, thr*t the celebration
Dt the nuptials has been postponed for
llin nrpsont if inrkt
The immediate consequence is a tremendous
war of words between England,
France, and Spain. The remote
consequences will probably be the destruction
of the entente cordiale, which
have so long existed between the Courts
of St. James and St. Cloud. It is hoped
that the sudden extinguishment of the
fires on the altar of two young hearts,
will not prove the means of exciting a
general conflagration among the crowned
heads and kingdoms of Europe.
The total failure of the potato crop appears
to be a sad reality. Every where
in Ireland, and in the greater part of
the British Island, the potato fields are
shrouded with the dark mantles of the
plague. The vegetable has turned into
putrid matter, which even the hogs
will not devour. From the Continent
of Europe, including Russia, we have
dismal accounts of the progress of the
blight The future use of the potato,
as an article of focft, is now almost
At the latest date, 18th September,
American flour was selling at twentynine
shillings to thirty shillings per barrel,
duty paid, at Liverpool. The price
in bond, was twenty-seven shillings and
Indian corn was quoted three shillings
the quarter higher; and closed at forty
shillings for yellow and forty-seven
shillings for white.
The rupture amongst the Repealers
is daily manifesting its consequences in
A day or two back a meeting was
called of prophysical and moral men,
when the former achieved a decided tri
uinph and left tho adherents of Mr. O'- I
Connell in the minority. I
From the Union, Oct. 2. i
CAPTURE OF SANTA FE. 1
We understand that official in- 1
formation has been received from 1
Gen. Kearney, announcing the '
capture and quiet military possessions
of the territory of New Mex- "
ico. On the 18th August he en- (
tered the city of Santa Fe without ;
firing a gun or spilling a drop of i
blood, having accomplished this I
after a march of nine hundred 1
miles in fifty days. Gov. Armijo
had assembled a force of about t
4,COO men, and had taken a strong s
position in the vicinity of Santa }
Fe to oppose his progress. but that.
force dispersed, and the Governor *
himself fled on the near approach
of the Amer ican Army; and he
was supposed to be about 150 or (
200 miles below, accompanied by \
a few dragoons; there is no ap- a
prehension of any attemps on his 1
part to diturb the quiet possession
which Gen. Kearney now holds ol 1
SantaFe and the adjacent country.
The American flag was hoisted, 3
and now waves over what was 1
once the Mexican Governor's palace,
and all is tranquil and quiet
among the people, and they appear j
not only to acquiesce in, but to be ^
reconciled and pleased with, the \
change of government. It appears \
that Gen. K. has treated them
with great kindness and consider- c
ation. Some ordnance was cap- c
tured. including a brass field piece ?
taken from the Texan expedition _
fitted oat against Santa Fe some ^
yeas since. It is understood that ?
Gen. Kearney, with a small force, *
is about to leave Santa Fe for a ^
lew days on an excursion to some c
of the principal placcsin the territory,
and many conclude to establish
a military post below or near g
to the Kio Grande. t
From the Petersburg Intelligencer. c
Chills and Fuver.?The whole c
nf Vinrinia. East nf thr? RIiip Rido-p. i
" ' "D ? ?
has this year been more subject to
Chills and Fevers than at any
other period within the memory of s
man. There is scarcely a family c
within a circuit of filty miles a- c
round Petersburg that has not had ^
one or more of its inmates " down" s
with this most annoying of diseases. 1
In some counties, we hear, the To- Q
bacco has suffered for the want of '
the proper attention?the negroes c
being sick with ague and fever. t
We find in the last Union a rem- 1
edy for the disease, which is so ^
simple and convenient, that we F
should not hesitate to try it: *
Remedy for Ch. lls and Fever, or r
Fever and Ague?Take one pint of
sv\eet milk an! one large table 1.
spoonful ol ground ginger, mixed 1
thoroughly, and heated over the I
fire as warm as it can be drank,
when the chill comes on or com- l1
inences. Hepeat the dose once or J3
twice, if necessary, and the cure j1
will be effected. 1
N, B.?If the system be costive, r
an aperient may be necessary in
order to prepare it properly for .
the above presciption. jj
This is the most accessible, the
cheapest, the most efficacious and
the speediest remedy in the world.
As this is the season for the pre va- ~
lence of that disease, I do myself ^
the honor to furnish you with the
above receipt. fj
The Hermit in Society. r
Washington, D, C. Srpt. 21, 1846. a
Loss of a Steamboat.?The N. O.
Picayune tells a story of the snagging a
01 a Sieamuuai, wim iter owner uu unuru O
who was very fond of playing upon a tl
violin. The captain, pilot,and engineer
were in the cabin, playing cards one a
day, when her bow struck a snug, with tl
a force that knocked a hole in her as 21
WILL be conspicuously inserted at 76
!ents per square for the first insertion*
ind 37? cents for each continuance?
onger ones charged in proportion. Those
lot having the desired number of inseriona
marked upon them, wilt be continued
mtil ordered out* and charged according
advertising Estrnys Tolled, TWO
COLLARS, to be paid by the Magistrate.
For announcing a Candidate, TWO
COLLARS, in advance.
All letters or communications must
>e dtrectcd to the Editor, postage paid.
large as a hogshead, the shock upsetting
the faro harilr nnfl thn.-n o""'"'' ' 1
- >uvgu UIIIUIIU 11 J ailU
causing general confusion and consternation
among all save the owner, who,
having righted himself in a chair, commenced
his tune where he had left ofl^
ind went on as though nothing had happened.
? m -i ? *
wnv jo aiiiH.ni i snouiea an Arican*
?as man dressed in a hickory-bark coat,
kvho was making his way out of the
:abin with a pair of saddle bags on his
inn. " Tomahawk me if she ain't sinn'
sure!" The owner heard it, but
lddled away with as little unconcern as
>iero at the conflagration of Rome.
n rnu? r~-? ?>? -i- ii"
imcc icci wmcr wi iue noia i nun
lie Old Buzzard ashore, if you can !"
shouted the captain. These startling
.vords reached the ear of the owner, but
le continued to saw away. A passenger
ran to him and bawled out.
11 Did you know the boat had snagged."
I suspected something of the kind,"
:oolly answered the owner, as he laid
lis ear upon his violin, a la Ole Bull,
tnd appeared perfectly enchanted with,
lis own strains.
it cil i i - * ^
-one ii oe iosi in nve minutes," coninued
"She's a been losing concern these five
rear," responded the owner, as he drew
md excruciating nolo from hia fiddle.
" I can feel her settling now," respoaled
~ m M O "
" I wish she,d settle with me for what
,'ve lost by her before she goes down,,?*
vas the only unswrer, as the owner's
land still moved backwards and forvards
over his instrument.
u But why don't you ' speak to the
captain?give him some orders what ta
l<*? in thp pmprcrprif V oiar>li lalo/1 tka
? J ' ~j?-?-????
" Interfering with the officers of thisr
toat is a very delicate matter I" meekly,
md quietly remarked the owner, as he
;tiil swayed his head about and still
iawcd away. The boat careened, and
he next moment the cabin was half full
The Buzzard, together with her carjo
and machinery, proved a total loss;
he officers, crew and passengers saved
heinselves by means of the yawl?the
iwner swam ashore with his fiddle unler
his right arm and the bow in his
nouth. No insurance.
Be.vevolence.?" Not for our
"Ives, but others ," is the grand law
>f Nature, inscribed by the hand
>f God on every 'part ot creation,
tfot for itself but others, does the
;un dispense its beams; not fop
hemselves, but others, do the
rlistill fh#>ir atinwprs nnf
'or herself' but others does the
sarth unlock her treasures; not for
hemselves, but others, do the trees
>roduce their fruit or the flowers
liffuse their fragrance and dis->lay
their various hues. So, not
or himself, but others, are the
riessings of heaven bestowed on
# * # # He who lives onv
to himself, and ronsnmes t.hn
he bounty of heaven upon his
usts, or consecrates it to the denon
of avarice, is a barren rock
n a fertile plain; he is a thorny
ramble in a fruitful vineyard; he
s the grave of God's blessing;; he
s the very Arabia deserts of the
Kissing?The following curious facts
n natural history afford matter for proitable
reflection, both to the philosopher
nd the man of the world.
The Boston girls holds still until ihev
re well ki3?ed, when they flare up ail
t once, and say, " I think you ought to
When a young chap steals a kiss
rorn an Albany girls, she says. " I
eckon it's my turn now*," and gives him
box on the ear that he don't forget in
The ladies of New Berlin, however,
?e J liiMini* tVl?? IftllAn
re ou luiju ui oatuiuu
n one cheek, they instantly present
The" girls of Baltimore, when thus
aluted by their beaux, archly remind
aem that they live under the laws qf