Newspaper Page Text
From the N O. Picayune, 4th inst.
FROM THE ARMY.
CAPITULATION OF MONTE
REY, AFTER THREE DAYS'
HARD FIG HI IN(J !!!
On the. 19tli. Gi?n. Tavlor arrived hn
~ 7 j ; ? ?
fore Monterey, with a lorce of about
G000 men, and after reconnoitering the
city at about 1500 or 1000 yards from
the Cathedral fort, during which he
was fired upon from its batteries, his
force was -ricamped at the Walnut
Springs, three miles short of the city.
This was the nearest position at which
nrmv prmlil nhtnin :i siinnlv nf vvntpr
? ? j
and be beyond the reach of the enemy's
batteries. The remainder of the 19th
was occupied by the engineers in making
reconnoisances of the city, batteries
and commanding heights. On the 20th
Gen. Worth was ordered with his division
to move by a circuitous route to the
right, to gain the Saltillo road beyond
the west of the town and to storm the
heights above the Bishops's Palace,
which vital point the enemy appear to
llO irn oti*'irwrnltr nnrl n/if/\/l ^
liUVU OLiUil^Ciy VlltUIll1'
stances caused his halt on the night of
the 20th, short of the intended position.
On the morning of the 21st he continued
his route, and after an encounter with
a large body of the enemy's cavalry and
infantry, supported by artillery from the
heights, he repulsed them with loss, and
finally encamped, covering the passage
of the Saitillo road. It was here discovered,
that besides the fort at the Bishop's
Palace and the occupation of the heights
above it, two rorts, on commanding eminences,
on the opposite side of the San
Juan, had been fortified and occupied.
These two latter heights were then stormed
and carried?the guns of the last
r a. !--! - 1
iun citiTiuu ueing immeuiaieiy lurneu
with a plunging fire upon the Bishop's
Palace. On this same morning (the
21st) the 1st Division of regular troops,
under Gen. Twiggs, and the Volunteer
Division under Gen. Butler, were ordered
under arms to make a diversion to
the left of the town, in favor of the im
portant operations of Gen. Worth. The
10 inch mortar and two 24 pounder
howitzers, had been put in battery the
night of the 20th, in a ravine 1400 yards
distant from the Cathedral fort or Citadel,
and were supported by the 4th Regiment
of Infantry. At 8 A. M. on the
21st the order was given for this battery
to open upon the citadel and town, and
immediately after the 1st Division, with
the 3d and 4th Infantry in advance, under
Col. Garland, were ordered to reconnoitre
and skirmish with the enemy
A rt ? '
uii iiiv caiiviuu ten ui nit: uuy, anu
should prospcct of success offer, to carry
the most advanced battery. This attack
was directed by iVIaj. Mansfield,
Engineer, Capt. Williams, Topographical
Engineer, and Maj. Kinney, Q,. M.
to the Texas division. A heavy fire
irom me nrsi battery was immediately
opened upon the advance, but the
troops soon turned it, engaging with
the enemy in the streets of the city,
having passed through an incessant
cross fire from the Citiadel and the first
and second batteries^ and from the Infantry
who lined the parapets, streets
and house-tops of the city. The rear of
the first battery was soon turned, and
the reverse fire of the troops through
the gorge of the works, killed or dislodged
the artillerists and infantry from
it. and the building occupied by infantry
immediately in its rear. The first
division was followed and supported by
the Mississippi and Tennessee and first
Ohio Regiments, the two former regiments
being the first to scale and occupy
the fort. The success of the day
here stopped. The Mississippi, Tennessee
and Ohio regiments, though
warmly engaged in the streets of the city
for some time after the nnntnrA of
1st battery and its adjoining defences,
were unable, from exhaustion and the
loss they had suffered, to gain more advantage.
A heavy shower of rain also
came up to cause a suspension of hostilities
before the close of the day. The
3d. 4th nrid 1st Infani?? *L- n l*'
- ? - Ainuuti y UIJU 1116 Dammore
Battalion, of the captured position,
under Col. Garland, assisted by Captain
Ridgely's battery. Two 12 pounders,
one 4 pounder, and one howitzer, were
captured in this fort, three officers and
some 20 or 30 men taken prisoners.
One of the 12 pounders was served
against the 2d fort and defences, with
captured ammunition, during the remainder
of thfi Hnu ^r?:j ?1
J VUJII, AVIUgeiy.
The storming parties of Gen. Worth's
division also captured two nine pounders,
which immediately turned against
their former owners.
On the morning of the 22d General
Worth continued his operation, and portions
of his division stormed and carried
successively the heights above the Bish-'
op's Palaces. Both were carried by a
command under Capt. Vinton, 3d Artillery.
In these operations the company
nf T jMlininnn 1 ^
wuiDiuua t uiuuiceio unaer uapiam
Blanchard performed efficient and gal
lant service as a pari of Captain Vinton's
command. Four pieces of artillery,
with a good supply of ammunition',
were captured in the Bishop's Palace
this day, some of which were immediiitfiltr
turnn/1 ai r\#\w ' -
utv<j kuiuvu UJIUII llie- CII'IIIY S UUIUriCPS
in the city. On the evening of the 22d,
Col. Garland and his coommand
were relieved as the garrison of the captured
forts by Gen Q,uitman with the
Mississippi and Tennessee regiments
and five companies of the Kentucky
i -t - ' - ~~
j^uny on me morning 01 me 2?Jd,
Gen. Q,uitman, from his position, discovered
that the second and third forts
and defences east of the city had been
entirely abandoned by the enemy,
who, apprehending another assault
on the night of the 22d, had retired
from all his defences to the main plaza
and its immediate vicinity. A com
mand ot two companies ot Mississippi
and two of Tennessee troops were then
thrown into the streets to reconnoitre,
and soon became hotly engaged with
the enemy, these were soon supported
by Col. Wood's regiment of Texan rangers
dismounted, by Bragg's Light Battery
and 3d Infantry ; the enemy's fire
was constant and uninterrupted from the
ctrnnts Km?on inno -?
Ubi vuvc^ Iiuutw Ulll ( 1V/UUUC^ VX/Ut 111 illt'
vicinity of the plaza. The pieces of
Bragg's battery were also used with
much effect far into the heart of the city
?this engagement lasted the best part
of the day, our troops having driven the
scattered parties of the enemy, and penetrated
quite to the defences of the main
plaza. The advantage thus gained, it
was not considered necessary to hold, as
thp pnpmtr ho/1 nnr m n nUnv>/l^. -J
...w v/4>v?uj Ktttu iiiuuoiiuy auuuuuikCU
the city and its defences except the
main plaza, its immediate vicinity and
the Cathedral fort or citadel. Early in
the afternoon of the same day, General
Worth assaulted from the Bishop's Palace
the west side of the city, and succeeded
in driving the enemy and main
taming his position within a short distance
of the main plaza on that
side of the city j towards evening
the mortar had also been planted
in the Cemetry enclosure, and
during the night did great execution in
the circumscribed caniD of the enemv
I ?~ J
in the pluza?thus ended the operations
of the 23d.
Early on the morning of the 24th a
communication was sent to Gen. Taylor,
by Ampudia, under a Aug, making an
offer of canitiilntinn to whJoh itin formal*
refused to accede, as it asked more than
the American commander would under
any circumstances grant;?at the same
time a demand to surrender was in reply
made upon Gen. Ampudia?12
M was the hour at which the acceptance
or non-acceptance was to be communicated
to the American General.
At 11 A. M , the Mexican General sent,
requesting a personal conference with
General Taylor, which was granted;
the principal officers of rank on either
side accompanying their Generals. After
several offers in relation to the capitulation
of the city made on either side
and refused, at half past 4 P. M., Gen.
Taylor arose and saying he would give
Gen. Ampudia one hour to consider and
accept or refuse, left the conference with
Kie nfli ? ?A- -r *'
>?*u viiiuci o 1 tiv ilxu cxpirauon oi 111c
hour, the discharge of the mortar was to
be the signal for the recommencement
of hostilities. Before the expiration of
the hour, however, an officer was sent
on the part of Gen. Ampudia, to inform
the American General that to avoid the
further effusion of blood, and the national
honor being satisfied by the exertions
of the Mexican troops, he had. after con
saltation with his General Officers, decided
to capitulate, accepting the oflor of
the American General.
The terms of capitulation were in effect
That the officers should be allowed
to march out with their side arms.
i uui me v^avairy ana miantry
should be allowed to march out with
their arms and accoutrements.
That the Artillery should be allowed
to march out with one battery of six pieces
and twenty-one rounds of ammunition.
That all other munitions of war and
supplies should be turned over to a
board of American officers appointed to
That the Mexican Army, should be
allowed seven days to evacuate the city
and that the American trnnno oKnuM
not occupy it until evacuated.
That the Cathedral, Fort or Citadel,
should be evacuated at 10 A. M., next
day, (25th) the Mexicans then marchI
ing out and the American garrison
marchintr in Tho Movinan# ollnuro/1
^ ^ MV mvAivauu
to salute their flag when hauled down.
That there should be an armistice of
8 weeks, during which time neither hrmy
should pass a line running from the
Rinconada through Linares and San
This lenient offer of the American
General wa? dictated with the concur-1
renc.e of his Generals and by motives of
good policy and consideration for the
good defence of their city by the Mexican
Killed.?Capt Williams, Topographical
Engineers; Lieut. Terrett, 1st
iniantry ; tJapt. L<. JN. Morris, 3d do. ;
Capt. Field, 3d do., Maj Barbour, do.;
Lieut Irwin, 3d do.; Lieut. Hazlitt,
3d do.; Lieut. Hoskins. 4th do. ; Lieut.
Woods, 4th do.; Capt. McKavett, 8th
do.; Col Watson, Baltimore Battalion ;
Capt. Battlem, 1st Tennessee Regiment
; Lieut. Putnam, 1st do ; a Lieut,
in a German Company.
Wounded.?Maj. Lear, 3d Infantry
severely, Capt. Bainbridge, 3d do. very
siignuy ; j^ieut. It. H. Uraham, 4th do.
severely ; Capt. Lamotte, 1st do. slightly
; Lieut. Dil worth. 1st do. severely;
Major Abercombie, 1st do, slightly;
Lieut. Potter 7th do. slightly ; Major
Mansfield slightly ; General Butler, volunteer
division,slightly ; Col. Mitchell,
Ohio Volunteers, slightly, Colonel McClung,
Mississippi Regiment, severely ;
Major Alexander, Tennessee Volunteers,
Lieutenant Allen do. do.; Lieut.
Scudder, do. do.; Lieut. Nixon, do. do. ;
Capt. Dowler, Mississippi Regiment;
Lieut. Thomas, Texas Regiment:
Lieut Armstrong, < >hio Regiment, se
vereiy ; Capt. Gillespie, Texas Rangers
mortally wounded, since died.
GEN. KEARNEY'S PROCLAMATION?ANNEXATION
The Lexington (Missouri) Express,
contains the following Proclamation, issued
by Gen. Kearney, immediately after
taking possession of Santa Fe, by
which he annexes the Department of
New Mexico to the United States:
To the inhabitants of New Mexico, by
Brigadier S. W. Kearney, commanding
the troops of the United States in
As by the act of the Republic of Mexico,
a state of war exists between that
government and the U. Stales, and as
the undersigned, at the head of his troops
on the 18th inst. took possesion of Santa
Fe. the Capital of the Department of
New Mexico, he now announces his intention
to hold the Department with its (
original boundaries, (on both sides of the
Del Norte) as a part of the U States,
and lindpr ihp n n mo r?f tKo TnrrWni...
w v..^ VI
The undersigned has come to New
Mexico with a strong military force, and
an equally strong one is following close
in his rear. He has more troops than
necessary to pul down any opposition
that can possibly be brought against
him, and therefore it would be but follv
, i c ? - f ? ?
ui inauiiuss iur uuy cussausnea or discontented
persons to think of resisting him.
The undersigned has instructions
from his Government to respect the religious
institutions of New Mexico, to
protect the property of the Church, to
cfiuse the worship of those belonging to
it to be undisturbed, and their religious
rights in the amplest manner preserved
to them. Also to protect the person and
property of all quiet and peceable inhabitants
within its boundaries, against
their enemies, the Eutaws, Navahoes,
and others, and while he assures all that
it will be his pleasure as well as his duty
to comply with those instructions, he
calls upon them to exert themselves in
preserving order, in promoting concord
and in maintaining the authority and
efficiency of laws; and to require of
those who have left their homes and taken
up arms against the troops of the
U. States, to return forthwith to them
or else they will be considered as en
emies and traitors, subjecting their per*
sons to punishment and their property to
seizure and confiscation, for the benefit
of the public Treasury.
It is the wish and the intention of the
United States to provide for New Mexico
a free government with the least possible
delav. similar to those in thi? ITni
ted States, and the people of New Mexico
will then be called on to exercise
the rights of freemen in electing their
own Representatives to the territorial
legislature, but until this can be done
the laws hitherto in existence will be
A? J - *1 B %
continued unm cnangeu or modined by
competent authority, and those persons
holding office will continue in the same
for the present, provided they will consider
themselves good citizens and willing
to take the oath of ullegiance to the
The undersigned hereby absolves all
persons residing within the boundary of
New jkfexico. from furth?r ?ll?ori^nn#? tr?
( / ;
the Republic of jlfexico, and thereby
claims them as citizens of the United
States. Those who remain quiet and
peaceable will be considered as good
citizens, and receive protection. Those
who are found in arms, or instigating
Others flfirainat lh*? TT*i?ta<4 ??JI1 ??
-0 wiaa?vu ** ** MV
considered as traitors, and treated ac- 1
cordingly. Don itfanual Armijo, tho '
late Governor of this department, has
fled from it The undersigned has taken
possession of it without firing a gun,
or spilling a drop of blood, in which he
most truly rejoices, and for the present
will be considered as Governor of the
Given at Santa Fe, the Capital of the
Territory of New Mexico, this 22d day
of August, 1846, and in the 71st year of
Independence of the United States.
Ey the Governor,
S. W. Kearney, Brig. Gen.
" liberty and my native soii.."
CHARLES H. ALLEN, Editor.
Abbeville G. H., S. C.:
WEDNESDAY, OCT. 14. 1846.
THE ELECTION IN THIS DISTRICT.
We have delayed the publication of
our paper until a later hour than usual to
day in ord? r to give the result of the election
in this District, which is as follows :
Burt, - - - 1435
Perrin, - - - - 1401
Smith,* - - 1176
Thomson,* - - - 1128
Martin,* - - - 1109
Pressly,* ... 1077
Gary,* ... 1006
Cunningham, - - 907
Haskell, - - - 898
Donald, - - - 126
?3=* Those marked with an asterisk
(*i) are elected.
Road Meeting.?By the proceedings
of a meeting held at Anderson C.
H., which will be seen in another column
it appears that our neighbors in
that district are alive to the importance
of establishinging a Rail Road to pass
through the up country. They propose
that a convention be held at that placei(
on the third Monday in November, to devise
means for its establishment, and invite
all persons favorable to such a mea
sure 10 attend.
We trust our citizens are fully impressed
with the importance of this measure.
and will come forward in support
of it; with the Savannah upon one side,
and the Rail Road upon the other of our
district, affording every facility to the
farmer for transportations of his produce
to market, when the best prices could
be obtained, our lands would increase
in value, and our citizens become rmv
sperous and wealthy. The tide of emigration
which has carried away so many
of our population would be stopped,
and the dilapidated farms around us
would be reclaimed and the wilderness
made to bloom as the rose.
Munificent Bequest.?The late Mr.
George Holloway, of Abbeville dist.,
S. C., has bequeathed to the Trustees of
Cokesburv school, under the direction of
the South Carolina Conference, and to
become available upon the demise of his
widow, an estate which will exceed in
value twenty thousand dollars. The obikift
? ? J * - - ? * ?
j^-vi wi mis iiiuuuiceiu uuuaiiun is, lO
educate and board at the Cokesbury
school, the sons of deceased travelling
preachers of the Conference, who are
in necessitous circumstances.
A -I - - -
j?cnievemenis oj our Army.? 1'fte
late news from the army is full of exciting
interest. On the 21st September, Gen.
Taylor attacked Monterey with about
6,000 men, and after three days hard
fighting the town capitulated. The
loss upon our side is set down at 5t)0,
and is said to be greater than that of
the Mexicans, from the (act that they
fought under the cover of walls and ;
houses which were pierced for their I
musketry, and from these a murderous '
fire was poured down upon our brave
Ml - '
leuows as tbey pressed on through the *
It is stated that the fortifications were i
far stronger than Gen. Taylor supposed,
and their preparations more extensive.
When we consider the strength
of Monterey and the force that Ampudia
had in the city, being 11,000, we raav
rank this engagement with those of Palo
iHto and Resaca de la Palma, if not
before them. Our little army of 6,000
men would have held that city in the
face of 20,000 Mexicans, as well fortified
as it seems to have been. Lt would
seem that the result of this campaign, so
far, should teach the Mexinnns ?
??v ?i&V UllC?
folly of opposing arms to the United
States, yet they appear no ways disposed
to peace.. Our Government should no
longer hesitate to press the war vigorously,
and to strike such blows as will
bring them to their senses.
The terms of the capitulation are that
the Mexicans were to march out of the
'own with their arms and six small field
pie.ces to Linares, some sixty miles off,
anrl nrp not to u
?.? .<?> ?v? ujjpiuatu nearer 10 Monterey
than that point within 60 days, or
until each party can hear from its respective
Government. All their munitions
of war, with the artillery and public
stores, have fallen into the American
hands, the amount of whirh ?
- ?W IJVV Vttl J
but we presume it must be considerable.
Capture of Santa, Ft'.?In the late
news from the seat of war, we have also
the highly gratifying intelligence of the
capture of Santa Fe, which was taken
by Gen. Kearney, on the 18th August,
without firing a single gun He de
clares it his purpose to annex the whole
of New Mexico to the United States on
both sides of the Rio Grande. General
Kearney has acquired for himself an
imperishable name in this expedition..
In 'he short space of 50 days, he has
marched 900 miles over a desert country,
conquering a province of 80,000 inhabitants,
without tiring a gun, and established
himself in its capitol! He
has claimed the whole of this country
for the United States, and proclaimed
himself Governor of New Mexico. The
acting Governor and Alcaldes took the
oath of allegiance to the United States,
and the people, with a simultaneous
shout, exclaimed 11 vive la General."
From the Anderson Gazette.
RAIL ROAD MEETING AT
ANDERSON C. H.
A 1 J - % 1
a targe ana respectaDie meeting was
held at the Court House on Sale day,
to take into consideration the project of
connnecting Green ville with Charleston
by Rail Roud, which was organized by
calling the Hon. A. Evins to the chair,
and Maj. J. T. Broyles to act as Secretary.
The object of the meeting was explained
by the Chairman, in a few
pointed and patriotic remarks.
On motion of J. L. Orr, a committeeof
five was annointed bv the Chair to draft
r r j '
a preamble and resolutions,expressive of
the sense of the meeting on the subject
of the proposed Rail Road.
The gentlemen composing the committee,
viz: J. L. Orr, A. Rice, W. M.
Nevett, H. Cobb, and S. Brown, after
having retired sometime, returned and
submitted the following
Your Committee concur fully, in the
universally received opinion, as to the
importance and expediency of a Rail
Road, connecting Charleston with the
mountains of this State; and from recent
developments, they are sanguine
that the exertions of their fellow citizens
of Greenville and other neighboring
Districts, in this behalf, have not been
without their success, but that a spirit is
abroad in the land, that must overcomo
all obstacles, and insure eventually the
triumphant accomplishment of the great
work. The time has therefore arrived
when we should no longer remain inao
live, but when every citizen of this District
should " put his shoulder to the
wheel" and by subscibing to the capital
stock liberally, as they may be able,
not only contribute to the success of the
enterprize generally, but place themselves
in a position that will enable
them to promote the more certainly, the
immediate interests of our own section of
country, and give the road such direction
as will produce the greatest good to
the greatest number of our fellow citiaeos,
without diminishing in any degree,
the probabilities of pecuniary gain to
We therefore recommend thaadoption
yf the following Resolution?; first, as
sxpreesive of the sense of this meeting
in reference to the contemplated work;
lecondly, inviting oar fellow citizens of