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" LIBERTY AND MY NATI". fi SOIL."
CHARLES H. ALLEN, Editor.
Abbeville C. H, S. C.:
WEDNESDAY, NOV. 11, 1846.
To our friends in the Ransre, we
would say, the reasons why " The voice
of the Range," was not published, are
these, which we trust will be satisfactory
: In the first place, the crowded
state of our columns prevented us from
attending to it immediately; and, secondly,after
reading it carefully over,we
concluded that it would be productive of
but little good, and perhaps be placing a
question before the people that would produce
considerable unnecessary excitement,
which is to be deprecated in all
elections; besides we supposed that
the sentiments of the candidates
upuu umi suujeci were generally
known, as they all had pretty much
canvassed the whole district. Had we
of known such was not the case, " The
voice of the range," should certainly
have been heard sounding in the ears of
On next Saturday, according to
notice, the Rail Road meeting takes
place at Greenwood. We are gratified
to see the spirit manifested among our
citizens with regard to this project, and
if we are not mistaken in our calculation,
in less than four years from this
time, the quietness and repose of our far
mers, will be often broken by the thunder
of the steam cars, as they go shouting
on their appointed tract. The practicability
of the enterprise, has ceased io be
a question with us, and our monied men
are not only exerting their influence in
V.L.If 1 - .1 ? 1
us uenuii, out puuing meir snouiders to
the wheel, with a determination of carrying
fiCf We learn from the New Orleans
Delta, that the Duels which were to have
taken place between Col. Balie Peyton,
and Gen Marshall, has? been nmi .
bly settled, Col. Peyton, having made
a written apology to Gen. Marshall.
Mr. Musson and Capt. CmvERS,wenton
the ground to fight with rifles at forty
paces. Some of the officers of the army
having learned this fact, interposed, and
the affair was also settled, by Capt. ChiVF.IfS
malfinor n VArKfl I onnlnmr TV5
? ^ - ? w. m|iviv/gjr fcw 1u1.
jCf3 The Talladega Watchtower, of
the 28th ultimo,says.?" We have received,
this morning, the gratifying intelligence
that our friend A. W. Bowie,
is yet alive. He was in the battle of
Monterey, together with his friend, Jas.
Montgomery, but came off bravely and
From, the Army.?We have given in
this week's paper, all the news of any
interest we have received from the ArCf
a- A - I
uijr. ouiuti anna's pian seems to De
now, to concentrate all his troops at San
Louis Potosi, and with this view, the
whole of the country this side of that
town, has been evacuated; they have also
destroyed the fortifications at Los
J J: -i-J CI-mii. ?J
iuuciius auu uiaiiiaiiiteu ouiniiu, ana removed
every thing that might be of service
to our army. There are contradictory
statements as to the where-a-bouts
of Santa Anna himself; some affirm
that he is still in the city of Mexico,
raising troops and money; others
state that he is actually on his march
to San Louis Potosi, at the head of a
considerable army, which we have no
doubt is correct.
As to the movements of our own
army, it is said General Taylor, will
march nnnn Ran T ?: r\e
?g iwiau uvino 4. UlUOIt VI
course he must be considerably reinforced
before such a movement, as the
army with him now is but a handfull,
consisting perhaps of 6000 men. San
Louis a town of considerable size numbering
in population, some 50,000: no ^
pains will be spared by the Mexicans to j
put it in a thorough state of defence, and r?
at this place the bloody scenes of
Monterey, will be acted over perhaps C1
1 1 vv
iinnn o /??/***#?/>? 1 -
ujiuii u giauuci SUU1C!
General Wool's column of about r(
3500 men, by the latest accounts were c;
marching upon Chihuahua: It was T
thought he would meet with little or no hi
General Kearney with his dragoons c(
are on their march to California, a part O
of the infantry, having been left to gar- fo
rison the command at Santa Fe, the re- jj1
mainder co-operating with General n
editor's table. lr
Southern Cultivator: Jas. Camak, Edi- *
tor. J. W. &. YV. S. Jones, Publish- ^
ers, Augusta, Ga.?Price, $1.00, :
The November number of this useful a|
publication is before us with its usual b<
amount of interesting matter- Every
farmer should subscribe to this work- ^
The. 7 reasury of History : Published by
Daniel Adde, 107, Fulton-st., N. Y. rc
?Price 25 cts. per No. jji
The 8th number of this valuable tl;
work'has been received- It is one of th
tne cheapest publications of the day, and
highly deserving of patronage- ^
Southern and Western Literary Messen- di
ger and Review : B. B. Minor, Editor, m
Richmond,'Va.?Terms, $5.00 per fi
annum, in advance.
The number for November of this IV
work is also before us- We have so of- s*
ten testified to its merits, we deem it un- ^
necessary to say any thing further in its th
praise at this time- IVj
irii". Editor .*??On looking over the ^
Exhibit of Receipts and Expenditures of q
the Commissioners of the Poor, which I
furnished you ror publication, and which q
appears in your Banner of the last week, q
my attention was struck by the very aj
first item, which reads, a By cash paid
F Clinkscales for beef and flour $245, l,
38 3-4." Now thinks I what a blun- q
dering printer! and at once I referred to ^
me original, and discovered that instead "
of the printer, I was to blame myself
The public must think the inmates of
the Poor house luxuriate on the articles 1
of u beef and flour."
You will oblige me by correcting the
error, by stating thai in the aforesaid q
item are included, 150 bushels corn, 40 t
bushels wheat, 12 bushels oats, as well jy
as " beef and flour." But Mr. Printer,
you must acknowedge that you also
have made a mistake in saying, u To
cash received from the sale of an old
Slave, $1." What inhumanity!! the tc
Commissioners of the poor, whose duty
it is to minister to the w?nt.? nf the h?ln.
? ? ..." ??-.r
less, and destitute, to thus turn off" a rt
poor old Slave!! Let it be known that w
this dollar was received for an old Mare .
Respectfully, &c., *
William Hill. ^
From, the iV. O. Picuyune.
LATER FROM MONTEREY.
The steamship Palmetto, Lewis, arri- F
ved last night, in 36 hours from Galveston.
There is not much news from the Ar- G
t : * 1 -
my. uicui. rrice, wnose a earn nas Deen (J
announced in the Mississippi papers and
our own, is, thank God, alive, and now IV
at the St. Charles Hotel, in this city, w
From some of the officers of the United to
States Army, who came passengers on fr
the Palmetto, and who left Monterey the d<
11th instant, we learn that the first Go- sc
vemment Express, ordering General ti?
Taylor to carry on the war with renew- IV.
ed energy, in consequence of the refusal pi
of Mexico to negotiate, was within a fi
few miles of Montereyyand would reach T
that point the next day. st
The health of the troops at Monterey ai
was much better than it had been on the a'
Rio Grange. fo
The fortifications in the city were gar- re
risoned by the regular troops. pi
Gen. Taylor's camp was about three vi
miles this side of Monterey. b<
The last accounts from Gen. Ampudia hi
and bis army left them beyond Saltillo at
on their march toward San Luis Potnai. tn
at which point it was ruruoced that San- to
ta Anna had arrived at the head of thir- b<
teen thousand, and daily expecting rein- v<
The Georgia Regiments was the only 01
reimorcemeni wnicn naa readied Monterey
at the time our informants left. IV
Orders had been received, it was under- al
stood, by the other Regiments stationed ci
on the Rio Grande, to move towards ai
Head Quarters. The Kentucky and bl
Tennessee mounted Regiments had not th
yet reached Mataraoras,. ai
The people of Monterey who had left
bout the time of the siege, were grudully
returning. They had begun to exibit
friendly feelings towards the Amecans,
interchanges of visits not Ijeing
ire among both parties.
There had been affrays between the
tizens of Monterey and Texas Rangers,
hich resulted, first, in the assassinction
r? Tovon ? 1.1 1
u m uauu viuuicgi,auu men uy wuyui
;venge, in the killing of eleven Mexi
ins by the comrades of the slain. Gen.
'aylor, to prevent similar recurrences,
ad ordered an efficient guard to be disibuted
through the city.
Lieut. Col. McClung was rapidly rejvering
from the effects of his wounds,
'ne of the officers of his Regiment inrms
us that the gallant Colonel was
le first man that showed himself on the
rst Fort stormed by General Taylor's
?ivision, and that he received his wounds
hilst waving his sword aloft and cheerig
on his men, shouting "Victory!"
'he musket ball struck him on his left
find whilst ho.ding his scabbard to his
ip, and cut off : ,vo of his fingers, glanng
from the scabbard and entering his
adomen, fracturing in its course, the
3ne above the hip joint.
We feel bound to state farther, from
le evidence furnished us, that General
'aylor's coolness and sound judgment
iroughout the terrible three days was
;mark?d by every one engaged^ and
is intrepidity was such, he being in the
tickest of the fight, and always where
le balls fell fastest, that his escape was
jemed miraculous. He still preserves
le same noble feelings, and stands rea
y to go where his Government may orjr
him, or the services of his country
lay call him, whether at the head of
ve, or twenty thousand men.
The American troops in and about
lonterey are quite pleased with the potion
of the place and the manners of
le inhabitants. The latter certainly
icm a degree higher in civilization
lan the people about Camargo and
We are gratified to be able to state
iat the duels, which were on the tapis at
amorgo between Col. Balie Peyton
id Gen. Marshall, and also between
apt. Musson, of this city, and Captain
hivers. nf thfi Tp*a? vnlimtppro hn?? I
1 been amicably arranged.
In addition to the above items, we
ave gathered the following from the
talveston Civilian of the 28th, received
y the Palmetto:
Col. Balie Peyton, Gen. A. S. Johnson,
rad Mr. Kendall, of the Picayune, were
t Galveston on the 28th, intending to
tave in the McKim for the city.
Col. Wm S. Fisher, commander in
le "ill-fated Mier expedition," and
api. r rank s. nearly, ol the Washing
?n Texas volunteers, and a hero of
lonterey,died in Galveston on the 26th
Gen. Ampudia has issued another
roclamation since his retreat from Monirey,
calling upon the Mexicans to flock
> his standard to repel the invaders of
leir soil, lli< excuse, in the proclamaon,
for defeat at Monterey, and the sursnder
of that city to our troops, is a
ant oj avimunition ! ! The utter falsi
r of this statement is well known for any
uantity ot ammunition was found at
lonterey after the capitulation.
From the New Orleans Bee.
ROM THE ARMY OF OCCUPATION.
We extract the following from the
ralvestoq News of Friday evening,
From Col. Davis we learn that the
lexicans have totally evacuated the
hole country this side of San Luis Po>si.
The information has been derived
om so many sources that there is now
3 doubt of this fact They left behind
>rne forty dragoons to destroy fortificaons
that had been constructed at Los
luertos, a natural strong and difficult
ass on the road to Saltillo, and about
ve or six miles beyond the Rinconada.
'hey have also dismantled Saltillo. deroying
whatever might be of use to our
rmy, and which they could not take
IVflV Thl?? (Koro IB n/xnr l~f?
J. - ? .UVIV IB nun liutuillg ICII
ir Gen. Taylor to conquor, but a barren
sgion of rugged mountains and thirsty
lains, affording neither water nor proisions
for the subsistence of man or
sast. over a distance of two or three
undred miles to San Luis Potosi. If,
) has been said, Gen. Taylor has orders
march upon San Luis Potosi, so as
* reach that city by the end of Novemir,
the question arises how he is to tra:rse
such a ecuntry as he will have to
>y by a forced march at the rate of 15
r 20 miles per day ?
The only water on this route is in the
[exican tanks, which will doubtless be
ll broken up as the enemy retires. To
irry water su/iicient to save his army
id teams from suffering would probaly
require more horses, mules and oxens
tan are now in the army, alt of which
:e required for the transportation of the
necessary stores and munition?. In making
this retreat the enemy have doubtless
adopted a wise policy, leaving behind
them a far more formidable enemy
for Gen. Taylor to encounter, (viz. this
inarch) than he could ever find in their
own arms and fortified towns.
Tins policy has doubtless been dictated
by the sagacity of Santa Anna. It
is stated on good authority that he had
sent orders .to Ampudia to evacuate
Monterey and all other places this side
of the mountains, but that those orders
were not received till after the battle.
After leaving the troops necessary to
garrison Monterey, Saltillo and other
towns, Gen. Taylor will only have an
army of about 5000 men with which to
penetrate into the heart of the enemy's
country, and far beyond the reach of any
reserve upon which he might fall back
for support, in case of necessity.?Such.
we believe, is a correct account of the
present position and prospects of our
army, as derived from good authority.
Gen. Ampudia has been superseded in
command, but the name of his successor
is not remembered.
War Movements.?The Washington
corresspondent of the New York
Journal of Commerce writes :?
We learn that the President is about
to call out a large additional volunteer
force. He will take them chiefly from
the South, as the Southern troops will be
1 *- .l_ -i* ??!?- _
ucoi auajiieu iu nit: cimmie. x nis accords
with the statement made some
time ago, by Gen. Pierce M. Butler of
South Carolina, viz:?that if the war
continued, a large force would be drawn
from the South. A letter of the 7th of
October, the latest date from Monterey,
mentions a rumor, which is doubtless
wen iounaed, that Major (jreneral William
O. Butler will succeed Major Gen.
Patterson in the command of the Rio
Grande posts; and that the latter is to
have the command of some new expedition
; all these things point to an expedition
to Tampico, as a diversion in favor
of Taylor, and as the means, too, by
which Taylor's little army may be saveS
from destruction in case of a reverse.
The opinion of the public has long been
so strongly expressed in favor of a movement
of this kind, that I take it for urnn.
ted that it is to be adopted.
The letters from the Camp all show
the necessity of re-inforceing General
Taylor, and the extreme probability is
that he will have to meet with great opposition
at Saltillo, or at all events at
As to the climate of Mexico, it would
be difficult to adapt any one body ol
troops to all grades of tempereture ; the
" Icrrias lempladas " or temperate region,
where Taylor now is; the terriascalientas"
of Tampico; and the u terrias
frias." or cold regions of the mountaias.
But the truth is that the people of the
United States are subject to such variations
of temperature at home, that the
frosty Caucasus is not too cold, nor the
burning sands of a lybian desert too hot
General Taylor's Movements.?
Letter writers who appear to know,
states that as soon as Gen. Taylor shall
receive his orders from Washington, he
will move forward to Saltilla, and thence
light or no fight, to San Luis Potosi.
Monterey, where the General was al
last dates, appears not to be more than
200 miles S. W. from Camargo, on the
Rio Grande. Saltilla is in Coahuila S.
S. W. from Monterey, distance less than
100 miles. San Luis Potosi is the capital
of the State of Province of the same
1 TVT f f O-'-'H '
uaiiicj auu 13 xi. xa. irom oauuia, Qistance
about 300 miles. It is less than
100 miles from Tampico. San Luis
Potosi is the point at which it is said
the troops of Mexico were ordered to
centre. If then, Gen. Patterson, with
his command of volunteers, has been
ordered to Tampico, he will have some
enemies in front, and old Rough and
Ready to back him.?N. O. Delta.
Qfn. Wool's Route.-?The accounts
received at Washington from San Antonio
are not so late as our own, but are
in a more authentic shape. We copy
the following from the Union of the 8th
"Official despatches have been received
from Qen. Wool, as late as the
15th September from Sjan Antonio,
which states that everything is being
done to hasten the march of the troops
from that place, and that boats for the
transportation of the army across the
Rio Grande, which is reported to be high,
would be ready in the course of that
week. He probably made his forward
movement by the 21st of September, and
before this time is full upon his route to
Gen. Wool was to send forward his advance,
(600 refiralara and 120ft vol on
t er8>on the 21st, 22nd and 23rd; the
remainder .of the force, not exceeding
1200 men, to follow immediately after.
His route would be to the Presidio, Santa
Rosa, thence to Chihuahua, and he
might probably take Monclova in his
route, it being only seventy-five miles
from Santa Rosa.
Com. Stewart in Command op the
Naval Forces.?Several of our exchanges
state upon what they deem
good authority, that Com. Stewart is to
have command of the large force about
to be consentrated in the Gulf of Mexico
preparatory to an attack on the Castle
of San Juan de Ulloa. The 120 gunship
Pennsylvania, now being fitted out
for the service at the Gosport JSavy
Yard, is to join the Squadron.
The Spirit of tiie British Press.?
The English Daners brought ov#?r hw
m o ~ " " "J
the Caledonia, display a good deal of
temper in reference to the conquest of
California by the United States. They
seem to be quite shocked at the idea of
whole-sale conquests, and extensive acquisition
of territory by any other government
than their own. But it seems
not to be any mawkish sensibility for
the Mexican nation. It is the effect of
a cool selfish calculation of the pecuniary
losses, British subjects may sustain,
I . - * ^ '
ana me untoward influences upon British
supremacy in that quarter. Some
go so tur as to suggest an interference
by force. But it is rather in a speculative
way that this language is used?
not as seriously urging it. The probable
conclusion will be, that however
important California may be to Great
Britain, and however extensive may be
tfm in u'Aot?v\on#c?
u>v iiivoiuicuia ui iji mail ill 11,11
would be too costly an experiment for
that government to attempt to wrest it
from the United States. It is with evident
chagrin, if their papers fairly express
public sentiments that England
sees this fine Province a prize she has
long coveted about to be snatched from
her. Yet no satisfactory solution to the
question asked by one of their journals,
" what shall we do for Mexico," seems
yet to be offered. The real question is
* wnat snail we dc Icr British interests
and British designs in that quarter."
We think that English statesmen are
more annoyed than our citizens will be
by the problem.
Hint to Working Classes.?If a
man 21 years of age begin to save one
aoiiar per week and put it to interest
every year, ha would have at 31 years
' of age, $650; at 42 years of age, $ 1,680;
at 60 years of age, $6,150; at 71, $11,r
"Wife," said a married man, looking
for his bootjack, after she was in bed. t:I
. have places where I keep all my things,
and you ought to know it." "Yes," said
she I ought to know where you keep
: your late hours."
Departed this life on the 3d October at
, his residence in Abbeville District, Josiah
Patterson-Esq., aged 71 years. The
deceased was for about fifty years, a
. worthy member of the Presbyterian
, Church, and more than 40 years a ru[
ling Elder in the same.
} In the discharge of the relations ol
! husband, father and friend, he was i
, equalled by few, and excelled by none.
: In his last illness, which was long and ft
i painful, he experienced largely, the con- |j
i solations of that religion, which he had $j
so long professed. A. G.
ROBINSON'S MAMMOTH |
The Largest and most Splendid &
Company in the World!
The Proprietprs respectfully inform the
1 citizens of Abbeville and vicinity, that Ij
the above establishment will be exhit I,
Au.n:ii ? i
wntu All /lUUCVlUC UII a?
MONDAY, NOVEMBER 23rd. 1
ECf3 Doors open at 12 1-2 o'clock, P m
IAdmittance 50 cents?children R:
and servants half price. ?
WM. L. LOUNT, Ag't f
Nov 11 37 2t j|<
DO CALL. ?
As the situation of the subscriber is K
such as to rendeT it inconvenient for him J|
to visit his friends, he would respectful- M ,
Iv T#*niiASt tfiAm anA ennrtinllii those in
debted by Note or account, to give him a m
call at Head Quarters. f
SILAS ANDERSON- ?
NovlJ 37tf 1
Is hereby given to thoee concerned, that K
the citizens of Due West Corner, will ap? m
ply for an Act of Incorporation at the *
next session of the Legislature. 9
May 15. 1846 1139* f
Is hereby given, that a Petition will be of.
fered to our next Legislature, applying fbr
an act of incorporation for Liberty Church
September 2,1646 27 3m