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Fourteen days later from Europe^
ARRIVAL OF THE - jP&
The Cotton market has declined a farng
since the advices by the Sarah Sands,
had recovered one-eighth of this decline,
d remained in a languid state.
The accounts from the English manu.
, '-%"iring districts are still unsatisfactory.
mi// ** u nnrts hnrl Koon ?-? ?. 1 r_..
JL 11U JLillgU&lJ. r UHUUCU lor I
the free admission of <57." '"j' Uriel coupled !
with considerable .importation, had largely
reduced the prices of breadstujfs generally.
^ The deficiency of;public expenditure over
fc^i^^ipcome in France, for 1846,
^Vty millions of francs.
,Rathbone. ^ the packet ship Co??^B^nAi^\yitk
>;<3) ^rst arM* second mates,
boy, were washed over:
:' board in a gale of wind on the 13th of Jan.
Capt. Pierce, of the 'packet ship Utica,
died (date not given) on the passage from
New York to Havre.
E. Grimshaw, the American Emigration
ana snip Agent at Liverpool, died there on
the night of the 1st of February.
' The Cambria has brought out $2,000,000
Onthe2lst ult. the Bank of England
raised the rate of interest to 4 per cent.
It is stated that a loan of four millions
sterling has been negotiated for the United
States, by a well-known London firm.
An importation of new potatoes has just
been entered, ex the Madrid steamer, from
Lisbon, and all in a sound state.
The Lord Mayor of London is now distributing
?500 to the poor of the metropo
lis, left in his hands by Ibrahim Pacha.
m eet?ng composed of English was
held on the 13th ult. at Rome, for forming
a committee for the relief of Ireland. Subscriptions
are received by Mr. Packenham
and all the other English bankers. The
Pope has sent to the committee 1000 Roman
crowns from his privy purse.
From Wilmer Smith's Com. Tunes, Feb. 4.
The topics of the last fortnight are few
in number, and barren of interest. The
Parliamentary proceedings have exclusively
absorbed attention. The eyes of the na.
tion are fixed on Ireland, where death is doing
its work through the instrumentality of
starvation. The details are horrible?sick
filing. x iic jjuui iiy tu c^uapcj unu muusands
find their way daily to England and
Scotland. Liverpool and Glasgow are
overrun with these poor creatures. In the
former town as many as 100,000 have re;-xeived
out-door relief in a week i The
pressure of local taxation on the rate-payers
is likely to-ruin many small housekeepers,
and leave them without covering or
shelter. The pressure has become so overv.'helming
that Parliament has been appealed
to, but has hitherto given no relief.
A determined effort is being made by the
wealthy classes in England to assist the
. , Irish by means of private subscriptions, and
by abstaining as much as possible from
any superfluous consumption of food.
.v, ? ~ ? C 1 rt
i iiil me uiaucss jo uui tuiumcu lO OCOl- I
land and Ireland ; there is much at present I
^existing in England. The high price of!
Provisions and the reduced stock of cotton
are amongst the causes that have aggrava- |
ted the condition of the operatives in many
of the large towns of L*ancashire and York- I
shire. The cotton mills, under the influence
of the present quotations of cotton, are
working languidly. Mr. Bright is going
to take up the question of the cotton crop,
. ' by .moving for a select committee to inquire
. >'^nto 'the best mode of promoting the growth
7r vi'V' uj. uuiuju in mum. niueeu, mere is a pre^^;iryailirig
conuiction that the days of cheap
^^>iotton are gone, and are not likely to rettiAvfo^an
1^ Starvation aYri disease are still scourging
MuM^-this unhappy land, onu innumerable cases
mHj^Hij^death^nt^ve occurred from' want of food.
gmm&Uiere is no' money^noWork.^
fl^^Sg^Bjhbhi abd denths are; daily 6
> , ? /
* ' ' > / *
/ < '
"a^eiTd^Hvln^himself^4o|r three clays of
;his'lir?yted portion of/ue stanty food divi- (
(led ariongst his wifVand sik chilcren. 2nd, i
Mrs. Molierane, o/^ranspak, close by the t
village of TurWgh, havinda large family j
of her own to support, was obliged last week \
to turn her aged father out a doors. This c
poor man was able to crawl khree miles in- i
to Castlebar, but died from, lunger, just as \
he reached that town. 3d, lPhe chiljl, of t
Mrs. Magnan died from hunger, in Her t
mother's arms, the other dajl while be^- i
gmg in Castlebar. Several other c. c
as uistresslng'could be\ mentioned |
Some relief for buying coffin^ would b^v
much wanted ; sojne noor jA-j'ic'nave been
bunxcii'iieit;, rolled up in straw.
The sum total of subscriptions to the
Irish Relief Fund amounted on the 1st
inst., to ?8208.15s.9d., while tho expenditure
has exhausted all the resources, and
From the N O. Mercury.
LATER FROM MEXICO.
The baric St. Mary, from Havana, arrived
last evening, bringing the news by
the British mail steamer from Vera Cruz.
The advices from Vera Cruz are to4the
evening of the 1st. February, and from the
city of Mexico to the 20th ult,
Santa Anna at last accounts was at San
Luis Potosi. His army is represented to
be^ about 23,000 strong, but destitute of
clothing and food; and with but little prospect
of relief, as the bill authorizing the
hypothecation of church property in negotiating
a loan of $15,000,000, or if necessary,
to sell a sufficiency of it to raise that
sum, was apparently of no avail, although
it had received the sanction of Santa Anna.
The whole body of the clergy had protested
against it, and a large portion of the lower
classes sided with the clergy, and such was
.1 1 ! . ..
me general ieenng in reiauon 10 tne measure
that it had been found impossible to
borrow, and the impression appeared to be
that if seizure and sale of the property wera
resorted to, no purchasers could be found.?
It is almost needless to add that the rumor
of Santa Anna's assassination in consequence
of opposition to this measure was
entirely unfounded. It has been proposed
in Congress, by several deputies to repeal
the law empowering Government to sell or
hypothecate the property not cultivated,
called in Mexico dead property, but these
propositions were not contenanced. The
Governor of San Luis Potosi issued a de
I cree on the 30th ult. providing for the raising
of a loan in that State of $50,000 to
meet the immediate expenses of the army.
This sum the Governor is authorized either
to borrow, or seize by force, by the Congress
of the State. *
No mention is made in the papers of the
capture of Chihuahua, by our troops, but
the report of a battle in its vicinity is fully
confirmed. The foilovving" uucount of it is
copied from the Picayune :?
" On the 25th of December Senor Cuylti
was at El Paso at the head of 480 regulars,
tirVi/\ tn 4Via Pnoonno nr tr/\Ano
W UVj uuu^u IU fcuu a. wi nuujlO 1U10CU
near El Paso, exceeded 1000 in number.
The Americans were at Dona Ana 400
strong. They advanced upon El Paso.?
Cuylti prepared to fight them, but the evening
ho was to set forth on his march was
seized with a- violent brain fever which
rendered him helpless. The command devolved
upon Vidal, who possessed little
military skill, and expected to surround
and destroy the Americans like so many
rabbits. He pushed forward 500 cavalry
under Capt. Antonio Ponce, of which ona
half were Tasenos. The Americans demanded
a parley, which was denied, and
u~ u4 : i* i n
iuc "gin liiuiieuiuieiy cuimucnceu. Jronce
charged at the head of his cavalry, but in
vain, as he was wounded in the first onset.
Just then the Pasenos run, and threw such
disorder into the whole that all took to fight,
leaving a howitzer in the hand of the Americans
but carrying off three other pieces.?
Vidal returned with all speed to Carrizal,
forty leagues from El Paso. On the 27th
fT U1UV WlCV r' tiau 9
- (bought likely they would get in poss^iof,
. of two wagons which Were in the rearwitt
- the park, as well as thirty men who gscorii
1 The-Mexican loss is set down atone
hundred killed : that of the Americans doe;
i, not seem to have been known, as it is no!
i- meritiorVed. A ;
Gen. La Vega has been appointed Govern
>f or of the State of Vera Cruz. Among thosi
e who know, his aspirations, it is believed ,tha
a Viro nnriftintmfint will notffi^e him satisfac
>f tfoh.lie expected to be appointed seconA
in command in the army. Does he dasir
it, military renown, he will have an oi
iv portu^nfty of displaying, his prowess shoul
er Vera GruzJbe attacked.
tf. %' Santa Anna, w? 'learn, has g^ven mac
re dissatisfaction to the older officers
,^.om Tampico.?By the arrival last sol
ivei ng of the schooner St. Talbot, ar(
ron Tampico, advices from riat place to
he : "ternoon of the 3rd .'ultyT-o have been |)e
ecered. We regret to leq/n that the preriou
accounts of the safe arrival at Tampi o
o the foui companies of Louisiana Volmttirs
wrecked on the Ondiaka, prove
lntrie. They ha<l not arrived at the time
lie I1. Paul left, atul rumors of their cap- ^
ureby the body of Mexican cavalry which
t wds reported had surrounded them were 0
uvrent. It is to bihoped, however, even ra
f the Mpv;'^V'' wlxwas as strong as is ru
represented,(that thSyj?ceed in keeping
the enemy at pay Until they
Col. Dei'Rugsey was with them, and with"
his military knowledge, they would, if they
had ammunition, no doubt be able to make
a resistance. A detachment of artillery
serft to their assistance on the 6th, on a
steamer, no doubt reached them on that
day, and on the evening of the 7th, we
understood, the regiment of Tennessee
cavalry was sent to their aid or rescue -Ibid.
ABBEVILLE C. EL, S. C.
Wednesday, March 3, 1847.
Chaleston Feb. 27th?from 9 to 11 cts.
?Hamburg, Feb. 26th?from 8 to 10 cts.
To onr Patrons.
It will be perceived that the Banner
makes its appearance this week in somewhat
a new style. We have enlarged it
\ ' i l i *ii i i t
some, wnicn win enaoie us to lay Detore
our readers considerably more matter. No
alteration will be made in the terms, which
makes the paper decidedly the cheapest now
published in the State. Nothing but a liberal
patronage will enable US to afford it at
the present terms; we trust, therefore, that
the District will sustain us. There are
hundreds yet throughout the country that
have not subscribed. Our ambition is to
swell the list of subscriber to one thousand.
Can it l>e done?it already exceeds seven
hundred? " I
In another part of this paper will be seen
extracts vf Forolgn. IMnura Virnnght nut . by
the Cambria. Cotton has declined some
little, and also the prices of bread stuffs.
The ports have been opened for the admission
of grain duty free. Quantities of grain
were constantly, arriving at the ports, which
will supply in part the wants of the poor.
0^7? Mr. J. M. Clapp, late editor of the
Charleston Mercury, has assumed the editorial
management of the Southern Q.uar
terly Review?Mr. Whitaker having retired.
Mr. Tuomey, who has recently been
employed in the Geological Survey of this
State, lias been appointed Professor of Geology
and Agricultural Chemistry in the University
Id^ The steamer Sarah Sands brought
out witi her $600,000 in specie.
! ? .
HJ^ The planet recently discovered by
another magnificent speech in the Senate,
jua support of a set of resolutions introduced
by himselfj upon the..slavery question.?
^ a length view
s ,,of the position of the slave-holding States,
1 Aand of the injustice and disgrace the friends
Lj bf Abolition would have us submit to by the
J passage of the Wilmot proviso. It is
?viigh time the South should awake from the
t ijetjiargy which has so long bound her, and
? Wepare to breast the coming storm. That
e jthis question is fast, coming to a crisis, no
man who has watched the aspect of things
d W & few months past can deny. If the
- Xilmot proviso is adopted and becomes the
ie T ^an^' ^at P08^00 ?
tn ^??"Wding and what are the in
[t- JW px* atau*?10 - r
tt spend ^th^ ^ ^ ^
\ fllAVfcfcotdiiifih si
ber second thoughts of fanatics, if they am
a capable of such, will enable them to see let
5 consequences and calamities that would the
fall the adoption of such measures. It on
>uld be the signal for a dissolution of the *
mon, tor civil war and bloodshed. .
Mexican News. Su
By the arrival of the schooner Sea at ^
ew Orleans, dates were received from aj]
razos Santiago to the 6th, from Matamoa
to the 5th, and Camargo to the 1st Feb W(
On the 11 or 12th of January, Lieut.
the 4th Infantry, with ten dragoons,
on his ^Victoria,
bearing important dispatches fromAjrm.j?. .j,r
Scott to Gen. Taylor, was taken by a
Mexican horseman, dragged full speed a
cross a field, murdered, and his dispatches
carried off! These dispatches, it is said,
contain the whole'plan of operations about
to be commenced. The ten dragoons
reached Victoria in safety?Lieut. Ritchie
having been attacked and murdered whilst
absent with a guard to procure forage for
Lieut. Miller, of the 2d Ohio Regiment,
about the 1st of February, was also murdered
by the Mexicans at Chichironi, and
awfully mutilated. On the 23d of January
at Encarnacian,some 45 miles from Saltillo,
Major Borland, of the Arkansas cavalry,
nr? i * ^ ?
wini miy men, ana ivjajor vjruina and Uapt.
Cassius M. Clay, with thirty men, were
surprised and captured by Gen. Minion
with 500 Mexican cavalry, without firing
a gun. The hatred of the Mexicans
against the volunteers is so inveterate, that
fears were entertained for the safety of
On the 25th of December, in the. immediate
vicinity of El Passo del Norte there
was an action between a body of 400 Americans
and about 1000 Mexican?, in which
the Americans were entirely successful.
The loss on either side was not known, or
not stated. The Americans took possession
of E! Passo: It rumorfid that a
1 1 r i * '
ooay 01 American troops, Deing a portion
of Col. Kearney's command, had taken
Chihuahua, after a sanguinary conflict, but
the rumor is discredited by subsequent
The Mexicans in the neighborhood of
Camargo are firmly impressed with the belief
that the Americans are retreating from
Santa Anna?and great outrages are experienced
from the Ranchero hordes of C_a-_.
From Tampico.?:By the schooner St.
Paul, the New Orleans papers have recei
vecl advice3 Irom Tampico as late as the
8th, and by the brig Cayuga to the 13th
The ship Ondeaka, having on board four
companies of the Louisiana Volunteers under
the command of Col. De Russey, was,
on the 1st February,wrecked on cape Roxo,
some thirty miles south of Tampico. The
crew and volunteers all got safe ashore :
but Gen. Cos?, with about 1000 Mexican
troops, having ascertained their situation,
that they were alm03t without arms and
ammunition, having but one hundred guns
fit for use marehfid unnn thpm nnrl rlo
manded an unconditional surrender. Col.
De Russey obtained twenty-four hours to
health. Gen. Scott had not reached there,
but was constantly expected. The contemnlated
attack UDon Vera Cruz is no
longer a secret, and seems as well known
by the Mexicans as our own army. It is
to take place by the first of this month at
farthest, and to be made by sea and land at
the same time. The head of the land operations
is to be the Island of Lobot, sixtyfive
miles from Vera Cruz. This is the
destination of the nine Regiments, and to
this place is Gen. Worths division to be
( transported. *" /
j From Vera Cruz.?-By advices from
* ^ ~^ ? * ? ? - lUrt nf /iltvilnvn
) * C? V/IU8 OS HW- W^liUP; A VU> uu> J,
f and froni the city of Mexico up to the 29th
. of January, we learn that the ratiwrof
r Santa Anna's assassination is unfoundjfeA
- As late as the 28th of January, he was still
ount of $15,000,000, has
ter?so priest-ridden are the people, .tttflBlB *
5 Government has rot been able to'Sj^HfiJa,
e cent's worth of property. The officjHflw
Finance and the Minister of Foreignp^^^n
rs, being unable to carry out thedp^^^W
res adopted by Congress, have hano|i&SBH|
?ir resignations?in fact it is rumore&t^^^S?
i the Ministers have resigned.
The above is all the news of any
e are able to gather from the seat o&wHHSf f
irrcsvondence of the Baltimore Americd/BBk
United States- Senatei^aHH^
After the reception of petitions an$:IM|F
the Civil and Diplomatic A
tidn o,.. was iaKeu r A
great number of minor amendnH
reported from the Committee on Fingg l|i
were agreed to.
Mr. Crittenden gave notice that ne snHHp
ask leave to morrow to bring in a biMHBjj!
the relief of Ireland. V '
Mr. Calhoun gave notice that on toSsfe^
row, at such time as the Senate shouBHjfe vs
Ai 11 Via tirrvtiM nail 11 n |Ka vaonlnllAin JrHnbLM
luiij uu nr uuiu uuu up uig i govku?iuu?||^B
mitted by him on Friday. "'-nR
Mr. Webster said that he had llOTySRp
signed addressing the Senate upon
solutions until the three million bil$$f|fg!
disposed of; but as the debate on
was to be protracted so much .
time he had anticipated, he would ci|||3Kl; .
his resolutions to-morrow, so as to pjWipf
them before the Senate at the sameIsHj'A >
with those of the Senator from South J
The three million bill wpa theP^nkc^pyf*^
when Mr. Benton rose , to speak. Tireau*
dience was a very brilliant one. Amon^p
the many, I observed Mr. Ritchie, "the
great excluded," in the Reporter's gallery. V
He was in the ladies gallery yesterday,
and among the reporters to-day. S?
Mr. Benton addressed himself at once*toW
the Senator from South Carolina whnm r
charged with raising the question,^ and^l*.!
somewhat peculiarly, as to the causes of thejy J
Then he arraigned Mr. CalhougjgtfHBffl!
sons for not interposing to prevflp^m^y:
marching of the Army to the Rio
it could not be in consequence of
gon question, as was alleged, for|?9HKj
known that the Senate held adversjgaBP^H
ions to the Executive upon this^ fctlflMKfli
Mr. B. reviewed the causes of ttnttj^HEij
with Mexico?beginning with thejSwpS^
of 1819. There was, however, a pqHMsnjH 1
once here, as Mr. Benton a second^Ppj^f '
addressed himself to the Senator
He said Mr. Ualtioun had assumedMBMjrtd
a champion for the South, for the institt^S^
of Slavery. For one he disavn^ved tirtMS
his His defencej^w||E?'
~n*osi particularly would he do so
State of South Carolina. That
had been recreant to the South, and h&pgflplfi
said to him confine yourself to yourfij|^Hf;
bailiwick. The Senator, after umtingj^^^B.
self to the Abolitionists, as he did, upoMBpa
subject of compromising this very queJMBjpjj
oi Slavery in excluding it irom the VtflBflVjjj
of the Mississippi?that Senator had r'tHffW i
everlasting answer upon his own resolutflgg^j
introduced here a few driys since; bySHK
Mr. Calhoun was then charged
bringing on the war for Texas, by the nflrajg
in which he had begun the neg?tiatHgj|ij
made upon this subject. With motives&S
had nothing to do. It was to acts he r^Epp:
red, and by his acts he arraigned the S
tor from South Carolina. For himselfwra|
assumed to no championship and was *^^B
disposed to foltow one under such a leacSsSr
Mr. Calhoun was then charged with Ih'
PgV* Whats.er iMg
and documents would bc^y upon theinHi,
ject of which he was treat'w It wa iWmST' '
timated that Mr. Calhoun&d shown/ mBaf
self anything but a 6tateyWh^4wUlwS|^^j
Christian Statesman, by fiis course^^jm^^J
duct in regard to his negotiations. ,
were at least very unlike his acts. H||j
agreed to take the War from Texa| wRjl
Mexico, and had refused, as a Sen|to]?E&j i
support the war thus assumed. ' .M&jBm <
it was said, could be made out frfraMPjn ;
documents, and upon this he relied.
was a want ot unnstian
nator. He had indeed renewed
arn^ng us^by tte it rod uct^ o f
' P jjUjii; 4 ,w Hfj