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m round himself. It was owing to the good
conduct of Texas that we were not much
soonerjn war than we were.
g ^ Mr. Benton remarked that he had said
H in closed doors last year that if there was
but one man in Mexico, and he not bigger
3 than Tom Thumb, he would fight. That
^ Wood which was a compound of Roman or
Celtic would not brook oppression. He
H -said this in closed doors ana he repeated it
yihow. The Senator from South Carolina
lhad gone one step further and was even
* Teady to agree to pay ten millions to prerent
a war which he had brolight on.
f 7% ; Cicero had said that if Antony had not
I W taken his flight from Rome, there would
: have been no civil war with Rome. So
the Senator's sending a flying Messenger
Mexico upon the fatal night of the anw?
"^yJnexat'on ?f Texas, was the cause of the
I iwar with Moxico, for the pre-existing causes
<df which the Senatpr from South Carolina
1? was responsible. Antony was responsible
3 *3* for the war with Rome, and Lord North
responsible for the war of England with the
'J fi United States, so was the Senator from
1 South Carolina responsible for the war
flu ^vith Mexico. Mr. Benton reiterated this
? '<>ver 0ver again, and in the most offen 1*
sive form. Mr. Calhoun's "masterly inartivitv-*'
.nartiedlnrlv in his nlan nf ilpf'pnro
i . J , r V I J
proposing five regiments for the defence of
If J the fcoundaxy between the United States
\ and Mexico, Tvotrid be, according to Mr. B.,
" 4 our defeat in the cud, and our banishment
I from Mexico as certain as the Moors were
f banished by Spain.
r; Mr. Calhoun said that one thing was
^ shown by the bold speech of the Senator
from Missouri, and that was that the war
-with Mexico was an unpopular war, and
being so it would soon be put to rest.?
Hitherto, many Senators and many persons,
and not a year since the organ of the President
said that the Executive had secured
annexation, it was now admitted, and it
was with pride and pleasure that he heard
it, that the annexation of Texas was his
own act,as it certainly was. He had seized
the golden opportunity and communicated
Mr. C. said he had heard two days ago
i that an elaborate attack was to be made
upon him and he came here expecting to
1 hear it, and with it something like an arguJgg
menl; bnt of all empty and inconclusive
ailll arguments, this was the most narrow and
incoherent he had ever heard from that
Senator. He could even thank him for
such an attack, confident as he was, that
|I|i| such an assault would result in his own
tSSii elevation and in the relative depression of
Mr. Galhoun expressed himself amazed
n f tViA o a f I Vta Qanofni* Kill V* n /?nn ! rJ
civ iiiq \ji iu^ uuuuiui ^ uuv iiv? cvuiu
not be surprised that he had brought forward
such old and stale charges.?Every one of
1 these charges had been urged two years
since and were then repelled by him.
Mr. Calhoun proceeded to a somewhat
elaborate defence of the treaty of 1819, the
course he had taken upon the question of
annexation of Texas, his defence of that
course, and a somewhat protracted argument
in defence of the opinion entertained by him
that no war was necessary.
Mr. C. believed that the war could have
been avoided even after the battles of May
last, by ordering a provisional army to be
raised for the protection of our territory.
Bythismerns we could have secured the
Rio Grande and been saved the expense of
an invading war.
Mr. Calhoun snoke briefly, with pre at
1 point and terseness, and closed by remarking
that as the charges were light and stale
he wouid not farther reply to them.
Mr. Benton said a word or two only in rejoinder,
and the Senate, on motion of Mr.
Davis, who has the floor for to-morrow,went
into Executive session and soon after adTHE
ISSUE?THE " WILMOT"
As passed by the House of Rep. U. S.
" Provided further. That there shall be
neither slavery nor involuntary servitude
in any territory on the continent of America,
which shall hereafter be acquired by, or
annexed to the United State's by virtue <>f
ffijWHB this appropriation, or in any bther manner
y ^ whatever, except for crimes whereof the
J . party shall have been duly convicted.
THE VIRGINIA RESOLUTIONS.
iuftB ' . As passed by the Hoitse of Delegates
|SP|P Whereas, A bill appropriating money to
Small prosecute war or negotiate peace with the
iKPl Republic of Mexico, has passed the House
gnraJI of Representatives of the Congress of the
Bnlf United States, with the following Proviso
" Resolved^,That as an express and fundav
mental condition to the acquisition* of any
territory from the Republic of Mexico by
IHB theUoited States, by virtue of any treaty
1 | which may be negotiated between theni,
raaW and the use by the Executive of the mo
MM neys herein appropriated, neither slavery
W - - nor involuntary servitude shall ever/exist
K . in any part of said territory, except for
crime, whereof the party shall be first duly
H convicted." And this General Assembly
B deeming it to be destructive of thVidb'n.
by destroying the internal organization ol
the sovereignties who created it.
2. Resolved,, unanimously, That under no
circumstances will this body recognize as
binding any enactment of the Federal Government
which has for its object the prohibition
of slavery in any territory to be acquired
either by conquest or treaty ; holding
it to be the natural and indefeasible
right of each and every citizen of each and
every State of the Confederacy, to reside
with his property, of what every description,
in any territory which may be acquired by
the arms of the United States, or yielded by
treaty with any foreign power.
3. Resolved unanimously, That this General
Assembly holds it to be the duty of
every section of this confederacy, if the
Union is dear to him.tonnnnsp tlip m"""?
_ , 1- , "jjv
of any Jaw, for whatever purpose, by which
territory to be acquired may be subject to
such a restriction.
4. Resolved, unanimously, That the passage
of the above mentioned proviso makes
it the duty of every slaveliolding State, and
all they value their dearest privileges, their
sovereignty, their independence, to take
firm, united and concerted action iu this
MR. CALHOUN'S RESOLUTIONS.
Submitted in the Senate U. S.
Resolved, That the territories of the United
States belong to the several States composing
this Union, and are held by them as
their joint and common property.
Resolved, That Congress, as the ioint
agent and representative of the States of this
Union, has no right to make any law, or do
any act whatever, that shall directly, or by
its effects, make any discrimination between
the States of this Union, by which any of
them shall lie deprived of its full and equal
right in any territory of the United States, acquired
or to be acquired.
Resolved. That the enactment of any law
which should directly, or by its effects, deprive
the citizens of any of the States of this
Union front emigrating with their property
Into any of the territories of the United States,
will make scch discrimination, and, would,
therefore, be a violation of the constitution,
and the rights of the States from which such
citizens emigrated, and in derogation ot that
perfect equality which belongs to them as
members of this Union, and would tend directly
to subvert the Union itself.
J?A?/>Z?w7 That oa a fiin/iomnritol nrinni
??wvwvt/vwj JL HtMbf ?*U U> lUltVlUHIVyllLUI JJI
pie in oui' political creed, that a people ih
forming a constitution have the unconditional
right to form ahd adopt the government
which they may think best calculated to secure
their liberty, prosperity and happiness;
and that in conformity thereto, no other condition
is imposed by the Federal Constitution
on a State in order to be admitted into the
Union, except that its Constitution shall be
strictly republican: and that the imposition
of any other by Congress would not only be
in violation of the Constitution, but in direct
conflict with the principle on which our political
Mexican Cavalry Officers.?Cortazar
is a member of one of the first families in
the Department of Guanajuato?a family
that has always taken a leading part in the
afFairs of Mexico. He received the rank he
nnw hnlils in 1 84 1 hoinrr (lion tVlflnuor.
"" " ? .W.* VV,"0 "MVM V-W4
nor of Guanajuato. In the year just mentioned,
Santa Anna pronounced against the
President Bustamente, who, doubting the
loyalty of Cortaxar, sent him th General's
sash as an inducement to be faithful. But
the present had not the desired effect, or rather,
so some say, it arrived at Guanajuato
a day or two too late.
Cortazar is a good cavalry officer, but inferior
to the other three Mexican Generals
whose names are mentioned.
And foremost among ihem is Guzman.
There is scarcely a cavalry officer in the
Mexican army who has seen more service
than he has. It was in 1839, or in 1840,
that Guzman received the rank of general
of brigade, which was not the reward of political
intrigue or tergiversation. It was
won by hard fighting. In the department
of Morelia he maintained for "nearly three
years, and with but little assistance from
' tti'Ef Governments a harraaftiog w?tb
the federalists, defeated them in several engagements,
and finallv compelled them to
sue for peace. More than one act of daring
has been attributed to this officer. It is said
that during an entente he galloped towards
a gun which the artillery-man had deserted,
and for a few moments alone kept the insurgents
Torrejon is a mestizo, or half breed, and
like most mestizos, is by no means distinguished
for personal beauty. Like, Guerrero
and other Mexican officers, who have
had a large admixtrffo-of Indian blood in
their vein% Torrejon is very cunning. In
laying trapslor an adversary, ne is remarkably
expert, and, as will be remembered,
it was he who surrounded and took prisoners
Capt. Thornton's command of forty
Gen. Josee Marie Minion is, in most respects,
the most opposite, of Torrejon. Both
are mea of;courage, but there is something
chiva!ric in the courage of Minion?nothing
in that of Torrejort.. Torrejon rarely at'Am
"k*? mno no nf n n
au cupiisv* uv vi ,o;i
ambuscade. Mioion would almost scofn
to vanquish an enertiy in that way. They
arc a* unlike invperson as they are in mind,
r of Acajete. He served during the campaign
1836, but was not present at the battle
of San Jacinto. When conversing with
Englishmen or Americans, he descants in
the highest terms upon the valor displayed
by the Texans throughout the campaign in
question. Amongst the instances of that
valor, which he relates as having come under
his own observation, is the following:
During a skirmish, Minion saw a Texan
pursued by five Mexican foot soldiers. The
Texan finding his pursuers gaining upon
him, turned suddenly round, and shot the
foremost Mexican dead. Then, clubbinsr
his rifle, he withstood the assault cf the
others. Two of them he struck dead, but
in this he broke his rifle, and at that moment,
the remaining Mexican stabbed him
in the back and killed him.
The above is a brief account of the four
best cavalry officers in Mexico.
N. Y. Courier ?.$ Enquirer.
Position of Parties in the U. States
Senate.?Since the " balance of power
party" has sprung up in the Senate, it is
curious to know the position of the various
parties which will be represented in the
next Senate. Of six members yet to be
elected, two from Alabama and Texas will
probably be Administration men ; four from
Georgia, Tennessee and Iowa doubtful.?
There are twenty-one, Whigs elected
already, Calhoun men- six, Democrats
(including Alabama and Texas) twentyeight,
To obtain a clear majority in the next
Senate, the Administration must secure the
Senators to be elected from Alabama and
Texas, and two of the four tn he chosen in
Tennessee, Georgia, and Iowa. Possibly
two Democrats may be added from Wisconsin.
The probabilities now are (if Dixon
H. Lewis, whose term expires on the 3rd of
March next, is re-elected, or some other
Calhoun man is chosen in his place in
Alabama.) that the Calhoun men will hold
the balance in the next Senate as they do
at present in that body.?Phil. Ltdg.
Forty-one vessels, chiefly freighted with
breadstuff for Great Britain, have been
lost at sea since October. The N. York
Commercial Advertiser ascribes this to
overloading and bad storage.
The money value of the crops lost, potatoes
and oats, in Ireland, was estimated at
?, 15,000,000, or nearly seventy-five millions
More Volunteers. The Newport
Daily News says :?A married woman in
Fall River, fifteen years old, had a pair of
twin, hoys last week. The father is seventeen
years old ! They are all doing well.
MARRIED, on Thursday the twentyfifth
inst., Mr. JAMES Y. SITTON, of
Pendleton, to Miss HARRIET L. DAVIS
of this District
On Thursday evening the 25t of this ult.,
Mr. R. B. McADAMS, dissolved his copartnership
with the Bachelors and joined
himself in nuptial ties with Miss ELIZA
ANN HALL, eldest daughter of Robert
0. Hall, all of this District, solemnized
1. n a n: n
uv IVt-V. A. IXlUt!. V/UNMUM1UAT1SI).
DIED, on the 20th February, at the residence
of her husband Mr. Thomas J.
Douglass, Mrs. MATILDA DILWITH
DOUGLASS, in the 34th year of her age.
She was for ten years a member of the Methodist
For Tax Collector.
The Friends of JOSEPH S. D. WETHERALU
announce him as a Candidate for
TAX COLLECTOR, at the ensuing election.
The friends of the Rev. J AS. MOORE
respectfully announce him oh .a candidate for
the office of Tax Collector at the ensuing
The Friends of W S. HARRIS, announce
him as a candidate for re-election to the office
- TAX. COLLECTOR, at the ensuing
We are authorised to announce JOHN"
CUNNINGHAM, as a candidate for TAX
COLLECTOR, at the next election.
The friends of EZEKlEL TRIBLE
announce him as a candidate for the office of
Tax Collector at the ensuing election.
We are authorized to announce T. T.
CUNNINGHAM as a candidate for Tax
Collector at the ensuing election.
$20 Reward. My,. r
Lost on the road leading from AlexanderHuru
ler iiisq.. to oamuel tiius, a JfUUtLKT
BOOK, containing ONE HUNDRED AND
TEN DOLLARS, and acme cents, also sundry
accounts. Any person finding said book
and money and returning them to me, shall
receive the: above reward.
Feb. 24. 53 tf M. W. LOMINIOK.
Notice to Creditors.
Estate df John. Olascow deceased.
All persona indebted to the Estate of John
'Glascow dec'd, are requested to make irame
- diate payment; and, those having demands,
will present them properly attested, by the first
t of March, as it is deairona that the Instate
r should be settled bv that time.
J* I T.t-81 *LZ qaj '*H O 8Il!A?MV
;Narnv v saKvr
"nm iwmiAV ?
jJp 'SdlJ.ddO.tr) spuuoff lsdVQ
1sjvjj 'noyg jmv sjooq l/i^9ipiJVg?dxvai
ssvjq puv ZixdipOjLQ h.ivuipxvfj 1 SpOO?) ClXfl
sooBjquia ipoja iieqj, 'otforfoiyMt oi(
-qrid jo q-trtqa tj iiaqoa Aqnj loodsoj pire 'oSbiji^ oqv
ul 8jjo)s joqjo oil) sb }sho| dl!oip sb l[98
oj pojqmio ojb Aaqj jbqi 'boa pauio qj jo^by Xaqj,
"l?l?H 9?"?UV '^IM J? Pua JJAVOl
oqj }b '-j.j o|[iAoqqy jb npooS S(h|[u? jo osoditul
?m? joj 'Nanv ^ nm j? u,-mk o,w j?p?u ,ja
-qjo3oj sjAjasuioq) po^nioossB OABq pouStaidpun oq j,
spoor) doDifQ pny
Tho Copartnership heretofore existing of McBRYDE
&. POSEY, is this day dissolved by its
own limitation. Those indebted will make payment
to rii'ier of tho subscribers at tho old stand.
ADDISON F. POSEY
Abbevillo C. H., March 1, 1847.
[tT' Tho business will bo continued by tho undersigned
(at tho old stand) who solicit tho patronago
so liberally bestowod on tho late Finn.
. BENJAMI1, V. POSEY.
Abbeville C. H., March 1, 1847. 1 tf
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, >
Columbia, Feb. 17th, 1847. )
His Excellency tho Governor having left Columbia
for his residence at Limestone Springs, all communications
should bo addressed to him at the latter
place. B. T. WATTS, Exccutivo Scc'y.
Feb. 3, 1847. " 1 2w
Whereas, A. J. Weems, applies to me" for Letters of
Administration on the Estato of Agnes E. Paul deceased
: These are therefore to cito the kindred and
creditors of tho dee'd, to appear before mo on the
12th day of March 1847, (Friday) at, Abbeville C.
H., to show canso why said Administration should
not bo granted.?Given under my hand 2Gth Feb.
1847. E>AVID LESLY, Ordinary.
March 3. 1 lw
The State of South Carolina.
Lipford, vs. Ann Lipford and others.
?Partition in Ordinary.
It aspearing to iny satisfaction, by tho Petition of
John Lipford, that James Lipford, Jackson Lindsey
and wife Mary, two of tho Defendants in this case,
reside without the limits of this State: Ordered
that they do appear and object to tho division or
tho Real Estate of Ldward Lipford dee'd,
nn nr kofnM OHil. -1--. _rT\T_~ irj.rr - .t
"? ? uuiuiu wo ?uin uajf ui may nil) or tueir
consent to the samo will be entered of Record.
Feb. 20,1847. 1 3m D. J,ESLY, Ord'y.
The State of South Carolina.
J. W. H; Johnson and wife, vs. T. R. Puckett.?Partition
It appearing to my satisfaction, by affidavit, that
W. W. Pucket, R. S. Pucket, and Thomas Aborcrombe,
and children of Mary Abercrombe dee'd,
Parties Defendants in this case, reside beyond the
limits of this State: It is therefore ordered that
they do appear and object to the division or ?^le of
the Real Estate of Thomas Long dee'd, on or before
the division, tho 20th day of May 1847, or
their consent to the samo will be entered of Record.
Feb. 20, 1847. 1 3m D. LESLY, Ord'yThe
State of South Carolina.
AUUL. VlL.l>t; .DISTRICT.
Jesse Reagin, vs. Catherin Reagin and
others.?Partition in Ordinary.
It appearing that Nicholas Reagin, one of the Defendants
in this case, resides without tho limitc of
this State: It is ordered that ho do appear and object
to the sale or division of tho Real Estate of
Yountr Reaein dee'd. on or before the 20th dav nf
May 1847, or his consent to the same will be ontered
of Record. DAVID LESLY, Ordinary,.
Feb. 20th, 1847. 1 3m
The State of South Carolina.
To ilie Creditors and Heirs of Richmond
All persons having demands against the
Estate will present them to D. Lesly* Administrator
of said Estatp as Derolict, on or be*
fore the 20th May IB47, at which time said
Estate will be apportioned, and closed: And
as the personal Estate is insufficient to pay the
debts?and the following heirs and legatees
reside without the limits of this State, viz:
Frances E Harris, A?nes S Hunter,Uriah
R. Harris, Louisa ?. Heard, and A J Harris?
and the creditors have petitioned for the pro.
ceeds of real Estate, to pay debts. It is
thetefore ordered, that the said absentees do
appearand show cause, why-the proceeds of
the real Estate of said Richmond Harris deceased,
should not be so applied* on or. befpre
the 20th ot May 1847, otherwise, their con*
cont a a pnn fbfrODn mill ho onfDFiirl n# rpnnr/l
Feb. 20,1847. 1 3m D. LESLY, OrcTy: '
The State of South Carolina*
. abbevIlle district,
Iii the Court of Ordinary.
Sarah J. A. Wheaton, vs. Thomas Simmons
and others,?Application of Creditors,
for proceeds of. Estatef to be
paid to Administrator^ for payment of
debts, on insufficiency oj personal Estate.
It appearing to my satisfaction^that Thomas
Simmons, Frances Simmons and Anna Sim?
mans a minor, parties Defendants, reside
without the limit* of this Staid: It is therefore
ordered, that they do appear and show
cause within the time, viz, 20th May, 1847,
why the proceeds of theRea! jgstateof Amelia
Simmons dee'd, solditi Ordinary for Parti.
The State of South Carolina.
ABBEVILLE DISTRICT. *
H. H. Town! applicant, vs. J. tV. PAther
and others.?'-Partition in Ordin&m.
It Appearing to my satisfaction thatlislijah
Roberts, one of the Defendants in tttwfcasO, '; !*' J>
resides beyond the limits of the Stated It fs i <'
therefore ordered that he do appearand objfect 1 ^
to the division or sale of the'Real Estate of |
Betsy Roberts dec'd, on or before the ^pth ? :
of May 1847, c: his consent to the sam^e will >
be entered of record. D. LESbY, Ord'yf.'
Feb. 24. 9.w * hBB
The State of South Carolina.^
ABBEVILLE DISTRICT. . : *'In
the Court of Ordinary. '
'Smallwood Witts, vs. Franklin Witts and
others.?Partition in Ordinary. '? j
It appearing to my satisfaction that, Lucinda YMM
Weatherford, Susan McGlure, Wrn Wilts, '
Thomas Witts, Williamson Witts, and VYiU
)iam Jones and Mary his wife, parties De*
fondants reside without the limits of the State. "* -J*
It is therefore ordered, that they do appear
and object to the division or sale of the real ^
Estate of Stephen Witts de'd, on or before
the 20th of May 1847, or their consent to the .'.v
same will be entered of rf cord.
Feb 3 13m D. LESLY, Ord'v. ..rAwk:.
Whereas, W W Belcher, applies tome for .
letters of Administration on the Estate of '
Philip Zimmerman dec'd. These are there- "
fore to cite the kindred and creditors of the
dec'd to appear before me on the 3d Monday '&&}$
of March 1847, to show cause why said Administration
should not be granted. Given
under my hand,thib 1st March 1847,
March 3 1 2t D. LESLY, Ord'y.
Dr. C. H. KINGSMORE,
Having made arrangements to locate in the : v
Village of Due West, would respectfully offer
his services as Physician, to the citizens of the v H ^
Village and adjacent country.?Office at Mr.
A K Pattone. I : '
Due West, Feb. 16. 51 tf ;
Notice to Creditors.
Estate of Elihu Baird deceased. '''
The creditors of Elihu Baird dec'd, will take
notice, that I will proceed to settle up the
Estate on the third Monday in May next, - :-4mM
and the creditors will present all their demands
on or before that time, as the Estate ; r)
u ? : l i ?J " - -
w in uc iiipuivenii aim vmy pay ft pan. un illftl
day it will be apportioned before the Ordinary
of Abbeville District.
Feb 10 518t JOHN BASKIN, Adm'r. ,;fl
Mastodon Cotton Seed. :
The subscriber would respectfully inform the
citizens of Abbeville and the adjoining Dis- ,
tricts, that he his ordered a lot of MASTODON
COTTuiV SEED, from Holmes^ ~:.r :
County Mississippi, <vhich he warrants to.be
GENUINE, which can .be obtained from Dfi- . r >
James F. Griffin of Haiftburg at tw'o doll art "
K.. .K- - ... - , t,^o.
pci uuohci mc Hath ^wivicn coniains ten
buahels,) or at White &. With'a Store, at Abheville
C. H., at three dollars fcer bushel by
retail. % . WM
N. B. Persons makin* engagements here- ,
tofore will be supplied at the price abate.
Feb 15, 51 4t THOMAS B. BYHD.
* ? ? ? _ V
Notice to Tax Payers.
I Will attend the undernamed times and places
for the purpose of collecting Taxes for 1846:
" Abbeville Q. H.? Monday, 1st N:-'?
! Smithville, Tuesday, j . 2nd /
? Deadfall, Wednesday, 3rd .
44 Stony Point, Thursday, 4th
" Gillaua's, Friday, 5th
j * Cambridge, Saturday, 6tii
* Greenwood, Tuesday, 9th M|
? Woodville, Wednesday, 10th
; '<* White Halii Thursday, 11th .
i ? Cothran s Fridaft 12th
" Cedar Springs, Saturday, 13th BiMHH
44 A. C, H., (Court) Monday, 15th
Thursday, 18th . fl|
" John Bradley's, Monday, 22 rd 9
" WrnH McCaws, Wednesday, 24th
u Drake's ol-i Field, Friday, . 26th
* Greenwood, Saturday, 27th r 9
day the 5th April, which will be the ImI.day
for making returns. AH persons failing- toH
make Returns on Or .bafore '.that jday? wiH be
Lawfully liable to pay double Tax. All TaxesH
must be paid at least, bv the first Mondav in
May, or Executions will be issued. ^ ^
All. T^xablo property must be returbfc&
the name* of "-the proper owner. Guardiana, M
Executors* and Admihistiratbri* jvill ta^e no>
tice to return all Taxable property under their'MM^MW
control. And nll: persons who may have
transferred taxable property betweeh the first H
lit October 1845, a Ad the first of Octoberl846, J|
are required to make^he same kiiown to oqte;M