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44 liberty and my ^ative soil."
VOL. 4. ABBEVILLE C. H., S. C? MARCH 17, 1847. NO. 3.
Published every Wednesday, by
CHARLES H. ALLEN,
Editor and Proprietor.
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From the Charleston Mercury.
Scene in the Senate.
We copy from the Washington correspondence
of the Boston Courier, a graphic
sketch of a debate in the Senate. The
Courier is a decided Whig paper, but is just
to its political opponents, and states their ar
guiuuiiu* WIIII laiiiiuas. JLIS> UUI t uspunuuni
partakes of the same spirit, and we have
had frequent ocsasion to mark his liberality
of sentiment, as well as the general ability
of his letters.
The Hero of San Jacinto addressed the
Senate for upwards of two hours this morning
; and it must be admitted that he spoke
with no inconsiderable force and ability.
Some parts of his speech were irrelevant,
diffuse and pointless. But he has a happy
flow of language and a pleasant manner;
and his spirit seems to be of a far less ruthless
and revengeful nature, than that of some
of the war gentlemen who have addressed
ilia ftnno fo IT la rl/tntrinD 1 a in fVio ^nn rla inf
II1VJ UVlIUiUt JLJliO UUV>H 1 lIVy tOf ill tllv/ t/UIIUUV/t
of the Mexican war, " Strike home." "We
can conquer Mexico." He undertook to
show, from documents issued from the office
of the Secretary of State, when Mr. Calhoun
was at its head, that the Senator from
South Carolina did not now agree with the
then Secretary of State. He likewise assailed
Mr. Calhoun's plan of a defensive
war, and said the line indicated by him could
not be defended by ten thousand men.
He closed his remarks in quite a happy
manner, by drawing an example from Scripture,
and holding it up to illustrate the position
he assumed for the conduct of the war.
He desired to strengthen the hands of the
President, even as the arms of Moses were
held up in the combat between the children
of Israel and the Malekitcs. It would see m
that they do have Bibles in Texas.
When General Houston sat down, Mr.
!U 1 .1
V/tlllllfUll IU3U. OUIlillUIS IIUCKUU lO IIIL'-IT
seats, and a profound stillness pervaded the
chamber. You could have heard a pin drop.
Every eye was fixed oil the speaker, and
every face said listen! He triumphantly
despatched the first allegation, by calling
Mr. Houston to read the whole document
from which he quoted.
The document itself was the Senator's
vindication. He then pu( a; stopper upon
the general assertion, that ten thousand
men would be required to defend the line
he (Mr. Calhoun) proposed to adopt, by asking
him how many men Texas had-had on
that part of the line where he proposed to
establish forts, , during which time Mexico
had scarcely ever crossed it, and never with
a force of a thousand men.
The General was forced to reply, that the
people had to be their own defenders, and
when the enemy came, they shouldered
their muskets and drove back.
, But now came the scene. Mr. Benton,
Gen. Cass, and others, came to the aid of
the Senator from Texas. A further colloquy
ensued. Books were brought; a fiimbling
of documents commenced, General
Houston stepped outside the bar, and on his
return, said something About Texas having
a force of 2500 men. Mr. Calhoun 'said
lie proposed a force of 4000 men to defend
4. line across which Mexico had not attempv
tod to pass in eight years, with a force of
, . 1000 men. But, said Mr. Cp^houn, rising
; ^o his full height, and looking round upon
the administration Senators who thronsred
^ ^ Q
about him, "with a majesty of demeanor
which an assured consciousness of power
can only give, said he " 1 know the ground I
stand upon. I have indicated the course of
the administration., It must be followed.
Gentlemen must come to itS\ Memorable declaration!
- Never wasany thing more eltctric.
Mr. Benton looked daggers. Gen.
. Houston lifted the vipper p^rt of his face, as
i much as to say," You startle me." Gen.
p Cass's phlegmatid coiifttehahce said only,
*It may be so." < Senator, /Alien paced up
tl Juration. The BfwUwiw only broken
when Mr. Calhoun almost immediately resumed
his scat. A moment passed, to take
breath, and Gen. Cass rose to another point
in the controversy. The scene was one of
great moral sublimity. To see a man rise
in the midst of the whole administration
phalanx, every syliable commanding the deepest
attention, and upon a question of momentous
consequence to the nation, declare
to theni, emphaticly, " You arc wrong, and I
am right, and you, viusl follow and making
the impression upon the minds of his
hearers, at the same time, that there existed
some mysterious power in the man, to drag
them from their convictions, was a spectacle
of intense interest and excitement, such
as is seldom witnessed.
From the French of Prosper Mcrrimce.
Vision of Charles XI.
There aro more things in hcav'n and earth, Horatio,
j. nan arc arcampt 01 m your philosophy.
Wc ridicule visions arid supernatural
apparitions; some, nevertheless, are so well
authenticated, that, if one should refuse to
believe them, he would be obliged, as a
natural consequence, to reject en masse all
A proccs verbal in the customary form,
attested by the signatures of four credible
witnesses, is my guaranty for the authenticity
of the fact which I am about to relate.
I will add, that the prediction contained in
the proccs verbal was known and cited a
very long time before the events, which
have transpired in a latter age, had appeared
to accomplish it.
Charles XI., father of the famous Charles
XLl., was one of the most despotic, and at
the same time one of the wisest monarchs
who had ever governed Sweden. He restricted
the overweening priviliges of the
nobility, abolished the power of the senate,
and made laws by his own authority ;? in a
word he changed the constitution of liiscoun
i,:?u i J : 1- u 1- ?
w 1111.11 iiuu jjiu viuuaiy ueun un Ullgurcny.
and obliged the States to confine to him the
absolute authority. He was moreover an
enlightened man, strongly attached to the
Lutheran religion, brave and of a character
coid, inflexible, positive and entirely destitute
of imagination. He had just lost his
wife. Lilrica Elenora. Although his harshness
to this princes had, it is said, hastened
her end, he esteemed her, and appeared
more affected at her death than one would
have expected of a heart as cold as his.
After this event he became still more
gloomy and taciturn than before, and devoted
himself to toil, with an application which
denoted an imperious necessity of dispelling
At the close of an evening in autumn he
was seated in bis robe de chimbre before a
huge fire, kindled in his cabinet, in the
palace of Stockholm. His chamberlain was
with him, the Count Brahe, whom he honored
with his favor, and the physician
Baumgarten, who set up for a free thinker,
and wished that people should doubt of every
thinsr exccnt medicine. This evnninor
~ - - - D 1
he was present to be consulted on some
slight indisposition. It grew late, and the
king contrary to his custom, did not signify
to them by the usual " Good night" that it
wap. time;to retire. With head bent low
and eyes fixed full upon the fire, he preserved
a profound silence, weary of his company,
yet fearing without knowing why,
to be teft alone. Cdunt Bra he perceived
that his presence was not very agreeable,
sind ventured to express this fear that His
Majesty might heed repose; a gesture of
the king retained him in his place. The
physician in his turn spoke of the injury
which watchings do the health ; but Charles
replied to him between his teeth:?"Stay,
I have no desire to sleep yet." Then they
essayed different subjects of conversation,
all of which became exhausted at the second
or thi?d phrase. It appeared evident that
his Majesty was in one of his dark moods;
apd, atsuch a.period, the position of a courtier
is very delicate. Count Brahe, suspecting
that the sadness of the king proceeded
from his regret for the loss of his wife,
regarded for some time the portrait of the
Queen suspended in, the cabinet, then cried
with $ deep sigh. "How striking is this
portrait! Bcholcf' that expression at the
same time so majestic and so sweet!"?
41 Bah!" replied tho King, who thought he
heard a reproach whenever they pronounced
before him the name of the Queen.?
" This portrait is too flattering: the Queen
waft hnmplv " THflri inwurHltr crtmr/itwinrr
__ J - J ... .. j
for his- harshness, arose and made a turn
in the apartment to conceal an emotion at
which he bashed. He stopped before the
window . which overlooked the court.?
The'night wais dark and the moon inlier
first quarter, > i' 1
The palace wherethekhags of Sweden
now* reside was not yet finished) and Carles
XI, who had commenced it, then inhabited
the pld palace, sitgated at the point of Ritterholm
which overlooks lake McEler. It is
drf'iinmense buildiilg, in the foritt of a horse*
shoe. The cebinet of the king, wwat one
)0;\*; i$?x'^5 ^wemble .^en
V; ; V
" ' > - :K;
| they receive some communication from the
crown. The windows of this hall seemed
at this moment illuminated by a vivid light.
This appeared strange to the king. He
supposed at first that this light Was produced
by the flambeau of some valet. Hut
what could he be doing at this hour, in a
hall which for a long time had not been
opened? Besides, the light was so dazzling
to proceed from a single flambeau. They
' might have attributed it to a conflagration ;
but they saw no smoke, the glass was not
broken, no sound was to be heard: every
thing indicated rather an illumination.?
Charles contemnlated the windows snmp
time without speaking. Mean while Count
Brahe, extending his hand toward tbe cord
of a bell, was about to ring for a page to
discover the cause of this singular light;
but the king prevented him. " I will go
myself into this hall," said he. As he pronouced
these words, they saw him grow
pale, and his physiognomy express a kind
of mysterious terror. However he departed
with a firm step ; the chamberlain and
the physician followed him, each holding
a lighted taper. The keeper, who had
charge of the keys, was already asleep ?
Baumgarten went to awak<j him and ordered
him, in the name of the king to open
immediately the doors of the Government
hall. The surprise of this man was great
at this unexpected order ; he dressed himself
hastily and joined the king with his
bundle of keys. At first, he opened the
J C _ - 1?
uuur ui a gaiiery, which served as an antichamber
or entrance to the hall of assembly.
The king entered ; but what was his astonishment
at beholding the walls entirely
hung with black ! !S Who gave you orders
to hang this hall thus?" demanded the king
in an angry tone. " Sir no one that 1
know," replied the keeper much troubled.
And the last time I had the gallery swept
it was wainscotted with oak as it hasalways
been. Certainly these hangings came not
from the wardrobe of your Majesty. And
the king, marching with a rapid step had
already passed more than two-thirds of the
gallery. The count and the keeper followed
him closely; the phyician Baumgarten,
was a little in the rear, divided between the
lear 01 remaining alone and that of exposing
himself to''the consequence of an adventure
which was announced in so singular a
manner. " Go no farther, Sire," cried the
keeper. On my soul there is a sorcery
within. At this hour?and since the death
of the queen, your gracious wife?they say
that she walks in this gallery. My God
protect us! *
" Stop, sire, cried the Count on his side.
Hear you not that sound which comes from
the Hall of Assembly? Who knows to
what danger your Majesty exposes yourself?"
" Sire!" said Baumgarten, whose taper a
puff of wind had just extinguished, u at
leastallow me to call a score of yoursoldiers,
j " Let us enter, said the king in a firm voice,
slopping belore the door of the grand hall;
and thou, keeper, open this door quickly."
'He pushed it with his foot and the sound
repeated by the echoing arches, resounded
through the gallery like a peal of musketry,
The keeper trembled so, that the key struck
the lock without being able lo enter it.?
"And old soldier tremble?" said Charles,
shruging his shoulders. ' Come Count,
open this door." "Sire," replied the Count,
recoiling a step, " let your Majesty command
me to march to the mouth of a Danish
or German cannon, I will obey without hesitation
; but it is hell which you wish me
The king ^aatched the* key from the
hands of the keeper. " I see well, said he
in a,contemptuous lone, that this belongs to
mo nlnnp " nrwl Kofnro l-ile nHnnd.mio
prevent him, he had opened the thick oaken
door, and entered into the great hall pronouncing
these words: By the aid of God."
Hid three acolytes, moved by a curiosity
stronger/lhan fear, and perhaps ashamed to
abandon their king, entered with him.
The immense hall was illuminated by
an infinite number of flambeaus. Black
hanging had replaced the antique tapestry.
Along the walls appeared, disposed in their
accustomed order, the German, Danish, and
Muscovite colors, the trophies of Gustavus
Adolphus. They distinguished in the
midst some Swedish banners, covered with
A n immense assembly covered the benches.
The four orders of the State sat each
according to their rank. All were arrayed
in black, and this multitude of human
laces, wnich seemed to shine beneath a
sombre cloud, so dazzled their eyes, that
of the four witnesses of this extraordinary
scene, none would discover atnid the
'crowd a familiar face. Thus an actor t>eI
fore a public assembly sees only a confused
mass, m which his eyes; are not able to
distinguish a single individual. On the
high throne from w&fch the kingwasac- (
customed to barangoS .the assembly* they ;
beheld * bleeding corpse clothed With the
Onlii.ngl^i^:ii child withffjrwp
| hani , on hu. ief., an ag?d man, or; ^#
another phantom, leaned upon the throne.
He was clothed in the ceremonial mantle
which the ancient governors of Sweeden
wore, before Wasa had made it a kingdom.
Opposite the throne, many personages of a
grave and austeer mien, clothed in long
black robes, and who appeared to be jud
~ a-. 1. I - - 1*1
ivnt araicu uniuiu u lUUHJ iipuil WI11CI1
lay several large folios and a few pamphlets.
Between the throne and the benches of the
assembly, was a block covered with black
ctape, and an axe lay near. No person in
this superhuman assembly appeared to perceive
the presence of Charles and his companions.
At their entrance they heard only
a confused murmur, in the midst of
which the ear could not seize on any articulate
words; and the most aged of the
judges in black robes, he who appeared to
perform the functions of President, arose
and tapped three times with his hand on a
folio open before him. Immediately there
was profound silence. Some young men
of noble countenance, richly dressed, and
having their hands bound behind them, entered
the hall by a door opposite that which
Charles XI, had just opened? Behind
them, a robust man, wearing a close jacket
of brown leather, held the corJs which
Viniinrl lhr?ir Imnile Ho wilin mni'nlm/l ?*
Wll.v. 11UI1U U. JLXV M IIU 111(11 V.I1VU III
the head, and who seemed to be the most
important of the prisoner?, stepped into the
midst of the hall, before the block, which he
regarded with a proud disdain. At the
same time the corpse appeared to tremble
with a convulsive movement, and blood,
fresh and crimson, flowed from its wound.
The young man knelt down and extended
his head ; the axe gleamed in the air, and
descended with a rushing noise. A stream
of blood flowed from the scaffold and mingled
with thai of ine corpse ; and the head
bounding many times on the red pavement
rolled to the feet of Charles, which it dyed
with blood. H's tongue was now loosem d ;
he stepped boldly to the platform, and adaddressing
the figure clothed in the garb of
administrator, he pronounced the well
known formula, " If thou art of God,
speak; ifof the Other,leave us in peace." The
phantom replied slowly, and with a solemn
lone, " Charles Roi! this blood shall not
flow under thy reign, [here the voice became
less distinct] but five reigns after.
Wo, wo, wo, to the blood of Wasa.
Then the numerous forms of this wonderful
nssemlilv hp.aan tn rrrniv Ipcc clpnr nnrl
j ?o ? tr> - w ~
seemed na more than shades. Soon they
disappeared altogether ; the fantastic flambeaux
were extinguished, and those of
Charles and his suite shone only on the
old tapestry, lightly shaken by the wind.
Yet they heard, for some moments, a melodious
sound, which one of the witnesses
compared to the murmur of the wind
among the leaves, and other, to the sound
which the chords of a harp might render,
breaking at the moment in which the instrument
was tuned. All were agreed on
the duration of the apparition,, which they
judged to have been about ten minutes.
The black draperies, the decapitated head,
the waves of blood which stained the floor,
oil Vtosl /liennnrtnrn/1 until
uil 11UU UlOUp^lVyUI UU V> IUI pilUlllUUlO )
only Charle's slipper preserved a red
stain which alone would have sufficed to
recall the scenes of that night, if they had
not beon more deeply engraven on his memory.
Returning into his cabinet, the king ordered
a relation of what they had seen to be
written, caused his companions to sign it,
and signed it himself. Notwithstanding the
precautions which they took to conceal the
contents of this paper irom the public, it
was known even during the life of Charles
XI; it exists still, and even to this day, no
person has ventured to raise any doubts concerning
its authenticity. The end of it is
remarkable. " And if what. T linv? relator!."
says the king, " is not the exact truth, I renounce
all hope of a better life, which I may
perhnps have merited by some good actions,
and especially by my zeal in laboring for
the happiness of my people, and in sustaining
the interests of the religion of my ancestor's."
Now, if one recalls the death of Gustavus
III, and the condemnation of Ankarstroem,
his assassin, they will find more than
one relation between this event and the circumstances
of this singular prophesy. ,
The young man decapitated in presence
of the States would be called Ankarstroem.
The crowned corpse would be Gustavus
The child, his son ancl successor, Gustavus
Adolphus IV. The old man, the Duke
of Suderraaniay uncle of Gustyvus IV,.who
was regent of the kingdom, afterwardsUing
on theoftdication of his nepUp\v.
A great deal of injury is done to children
by their parents scolding. Many children
Have been nearly or quite ruined by it, and
often driven from l lihme. tn Wnmo va(w.
dren. Depend upon it, they cannot lovo
you as well after you have berated them, as
they did before. You may approach them
with firmness and decision, you may punish
them with severity adequate to the nature of
their offences, and they wijl feel the justice
of your conduct and love you notwithstanding
all. But they hate scolding. It stirs
up bad blood, while it discloses your weak
ncss, ana lowers you in their estimation.
Especially at night, when they arc about to
retire, their hearts should be melted and
moulded with voices of kindness, that they
may go to their slumbers with thoughts of
love stealing around their souls, and whispering
peace.?N. Y. L.vangelist.
Sabdatii Musings. Sectarianism is a
blight, and a mildew upon a christian's heart.
Can we expect to pass an eternity of joy
together, when we are wrangling hereon
earth about matters which do not profit.?
IVn I llipn lot on/>Vi nnn /->f ? ?r. ...lit! *
...v vy..^ VJ1 UO UC Willing lO
throw over the sharp edges of our opinions
the mantle of universal love; let us recognize
every man as a brother ; as a participant
with us in God's love, mercy and free
salvation. Let us throw aside our cloak of
self-righteousness, and no longer say "I am
of Paul," and " I am of Apollos," but let
us like little children love one another."?
If we recognize Christ's signet on our
neighbor's heart; if his spirit is mirrorred
clear in his conduct; let us receive him as
a member of the same household ; an heir
to the. same glorious inheritance. Let us
feel that we belong to the same army ; that
ckitu nic Mine uupiuii) j strive
for the same victory, although perchance
we may be in diffident divisions, and called
by different names. What if our earthly
stamp be various; if we only wear Christian
images in our hearts it is the one thing needful.
Let us cheer the drooping : teach the
ignorant, and do good to all as we find
opportunity.?NeuVs Saturday Gazette.
Whatever may be the customs and laws
of a country, the women of it decide the
morals. Free or subjugated, they reign,
becuuse they hold possession of our minds.
But their influence is more or less salutary,
according to the degree of esteem which is
granted them. Whether they are our idols
tfr companions, oar equals, slaves, beasts of
burden, the re-action is complete, and they
make us such as they are themselves.?
It seems as if nature connected our intelligence
with their dignity,as we connect happiness
with their virtue.
This, therefore, is a law of eternal justice
; man cannot degrade woman, without
himself falling into degradation ; he cannot
raise them without becoming better. Let
us cast our eyes over the globe, and observe
those two great divisions of the human race,
the east and west. One half of the ancient
world remains without progress, without
1 ..-J? ? 1 -> -c r '
iiiuu^iu, u.iiu unuci me iuuu ui it uaroarous
civilization ; women there are slaves.?
The other half advances towards freedom
and light; the women here are loved and
The .Dead.?How little do we think of
the dead. Their hones lie entombed in all
our towns, villages, and neighborhoods.
The lands they cultivated, the houses they
built, the works, of their hands, are always
before us. We travel the same same road,
walk the same path, sit at the same fire-sido
sleep in the same rooms, and dine at the
same table, yet seldom remember that those
that once occupied these places are gone?
ala?! for ever! Strange that "the living /
should soon forget the dead, when the world J
is full of the memftntofts of thai* livoo m
Strange that the fleeting cares oflife should m
so soon rash in and fill the breast to the ex- m
elusion of those so near. To-day man M.'s
stands and weeps over the grave of his departed
friends; to-morrow, he passed that
grave with cold indifference, To-day his
heart is wrung with all the bittetniess ot
anguish for the loss of one he so much
loved; to-morrow, the image of that friend ?
is effaced from' his heart and almost forgotten.
W hat a commentary on man;t
It seems the nature of sons to love their
mothers?with a mixture of tenderne^to
the sex gratitude for the innumerableoaMis
paid to their infancy; fondness to the spring
frnm wVinm nit la iwAih'f a?il liiAinali
.. ..w... ?MV?I MUU.MWjf IOU
indulgences has-fioxved; an<t a pious reve- .
ranee to the gray boirs and. wrinkles of # ' ;
closing life, the best years of wfiich have *