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" liberty and my native soil."
VOL. 4. ABBEVILLE C. II., S. C., MARCH W, 1847. NO. 5.
Published cvety Wednesday, by
CHARLES H. ALLEN,
Editor and Proprietor.
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A 1 V? M.
Mr. Editor:?Man, the last, the favorite,
the most exalted work of the divine energy ;
?6 who alone, of all the works of God's hands,
was formed in his image ; man, we say,was
emphatically made for civilization. Indeed,
the only natural element of man is civilization
: it is his destiny. The grand characteristic
of man, that which more than every I
thing distinguishes him from the brute creation,
is the faculty of collecting experience
and transmitting it from generation to generation,
conscious of its beinsr exDorioncc.
O 1 *
and thus improving on every addition to the
common stock ad injinitim. That mute architect,
the beaver,for instance, builds its dam or
its hut to-day, in modern times, the same as it
did, for aught we know, thousands of years
ago- Animals are not progressive ; on the
contrary, according to their whole nature
and destiny, they are essentially stationary.
Man, with his unlimited capacity, may aid
and improve nature to an astonishing de- !
groe; he may. by ennobling the stock, enlarge
the size, dcvclopc their physical powers,
and render them more muscular, more
active, and better able to endure fatigue;
but unaided nature never would advance
ttinm nnv Jiinrlmr in cnnln
..... -?-j o^ui? \ja uuiiij;
Animals we said were stationary, not
so say we of man,; his de3tiny, like the
u Wandering Jew" of modern fiction, is
march! march ! onward ! onward ! Man's
natural state is progressive civilization.
The experience of all time goes to prove the
Author of Nature never designed man to remain
stationary. Then, if not stationary,
he must progress and fain would we hope,
at least, that the direction would be towards
The past history of the world, on the
whole, presents to the mind a scene to the
last degree gloomy and dark. Throughout
the annals of ancient history, the mind is
continually presented with the most revoltB
ing scenes of war, devastation, cruelty and
oppression. The human species, with but
V few exceptions, seem ever to have been
W doomed to support an existence surcharged
with misery. The intellect of all antiquity,
appears to have been compressed in the iron
embrace of tyrany. Hence we always behold
the great mass slaves to despotism?a
despotism both mental and physical?political
and ecclesiastical desDotism. Tr? what
arc wc to attribute these evfls but the neglect
of mental cultivation alone?the reign
of ignorancc over the human mind. The
world has always possessed the same elements
of prosperity, " and there is nothing
now under the sun." The progress of
knowledge marks, with unering truth, the
progress of nations. That intelligence is
ihft lifn ftf UKaHv. ia nM mAVA o '
' w. -- -J 7 IIIVI U U UUIQ11I) llin.il
that ignorance is the nurse of slavery.
What inscription shall be written by the
historian on the sepulchre of the nineteenth
century ? Shall we be able to see the inhabitants
of Mar's; shall we converse with
them, through magic wires? -Has any one
the temerity to deny it? If we had said
such things were impossible, then indeed it
might be neflrativfell Will Ahr oa*tli I
still corttimie to be the abode of many
kingdoms and principalities and powers, 6r
^ shall we have but one vfcst and mighty
& " w?|?wpubllc---a Huge commonwealth,
T * V thi North' star, South by
f'jP? , I*??'-..*'*'.'* J ' '
by the Sun ? We make 110 predictions of
the success of science or politics, the truth
of which would be as impossible to know as
to contradict. It would indeed require a prophet
to pronounce the reality. As we do not
arrogate to ourself prophetic inspiration, we
shall not attempt to lift up the veil which
conccals tuturity, but will be content to transcribe,
for the special benefit of the " forty
thousand readers" of the B inner* a few of
the characters which appear already written
in letters of living light, on the former half
of the aforementioned tombstone.
In the first place we remark, that a very
shining characteristic of modern civilization
is, the general diffusion of hnowle
amongst all ranks of the people In ancient
times the benefits of education were confined
to a few, and those few the favored
ones of the State. The State, in those
times, claimed the individual service of all
her citizens, science,philosophy and history,
were encouraged, and only so far encouraged
as the Statesman derived benefit from
their study. Indeed the gates of the temple
of knowledge appear to have been shut
against the great body of the people ; and
philosophers and statesmen never once surmised
that they had any right to explore its
treasures. History corroborates this singular
iact, in the following most singular correspondence
Alexander wishing all happiness to Aristotle?"You
have not done right in pub
lishing your select Icctures. Wherein shall
we be distinguished above others if the important
things we have been taught, be communicated
to the public? I would rather
surpass other men in the best kind or knowledge
than in power.
Aristotle's reply :?" You wrote to
me concerning my sclect Lectures?
that they ought not to have been published.
Know that, in one sense, they
are still unpublished, as their meaning will
be fully apprehended by those only who
i heard them."
We perceive in this selfish correspondence
that Akistoti.e?the great philosopher
of Stagyra, who was sent into the
world to improve the condition of men ;
to instruct and enlighten them?that he admits
that the people have nothing to do
with education, and that he never contemplated
dispelling any portion of their ignorance
by his publications. How broadly
contrasted w'th this picture of ancient tyra
.l- .! - **
uy, is uhj conmuon 01 me numan lamily in
this glorious nineteenth century. How
j cheering to the true philosopher and the enlightened
philanthropist! Since the invention
of the art of printing, a flood of
light has poured in upon the world; but
more particularly since that most extraordinary
of all national catastrophes, the French
Revolution. " many have run to and fro,
and knowledge has been increased." The
sparks of liberty were struck from the collision
of hostile armies and opposing interests
; and thus a spirit of inquiry was set
on foot, which has resulted in the general
I m n ?
uinusion 01 popular intelligence. The
streams of knowledge now flow in every
direction ; they pass by the humble dweling
of the poor, as well as the splendid
mansion of the rich. Like the cooling water-brook,
which is indiscriminately free for
all, all may partake of the refreshing beverage?all
may drink at the common fountain
Having touched a little upon one feature
of our subject only, we will now do the rea
-l ?- ? r
UB1 IUC n IIIUI1CS3 IU UlOUgll noi lor
want of matter; and if, as Lord Byron hus
it, " this meets with your due applause," we
may treat the subject in fuluro el in ext$n$o.
A Milliner's Card.
WJien lovely women longs to marry,
AritJ snatch the victim from the beaux,
"What chra'rm the soft design will cany ? '
What art will make the man propose ?
Tka Anlv of* kor onl?oi*?n?
AMV V1IIJ %*?? V HUB OVUUUIUD IU
To give her wishes sure success;
To gain, to fix a captive iover,
An " wring his tM>roiri,',--4a to dress !
The late aniversary of Burns'birth-day
was celebrated by laying tfrefourwtatfeft
stone of a large public hitfl, cloa& tothe
cottagein wWoh he wasborn.. :
The Knell of the Sea.
In iho wrcck of tho steamer Atlantic on the
dreadful night of November 2(>th, it is said that " as
soon as tho boat sttuck, its hell commenced tolling,
and continued to toll slowly and mournfully as long
as any portion of tho wreck was to bo soon.
Toll! Toll! Toll!
Across the moaning sea ;
Toll! Toll! Toll!
Slowly and dismally:
Amidst tho tempest's roar,
This howling winter's night,
I hear still from the rock-r.bbod ?hore,
That sound of wild allricht.
Toll! Toll! Toll!
Across tho moaning sea ;
Toll! Toll! Toll!
O, say what it may bo 7
A sullen shore of rock:
A sea snow-white with foam:
A ship to meet tho dreadful shock :
Its crew to bide their doom.
i Toll! Toll! Toll!
Across tho moaning soa ;
Toll! Toll! Toll!
More and moro mournfully;
For cold and voiceless there,
With glazed and unclosed oyos
Still turned to heaven, as if in prayor,?
Tho princc and Prophet lies,
Meekly through life he trod
In Christ his Master's ways,
And?iov to tliee. thou m:m nf rinrl *
Thy work, henceforth, is praiso.
Tqll! Toil! Toll!
Across the moaning soa ;
Toll! Toll! Toll!
More corpses here there bo !
The bridegroom and the brido
Who scarce had pledged their vow,
Embarked upon that roaring tido,
And who shall part them now?
Pillowed upon the wave,
Here sleeps tho maiden fair;
And the frozen wrecks of tho truo and Bravo
In conflict mad, by wind and wave,
Are daubed together thero.
Toll! Toll! Toll!
Across tho moaning sea ;
Toll! Toll! To!!!
Slowly and and drearilv,
Comes ever anon,
Amidat tho tempest's roar,
That iloep and inclancholly tone
To tho wild wreck-strewed shore.
No human hand couid bring
That strango unearthly knoll;?
Where tho storm-fiend Happed his icy wing,
Above the waves as they rose and foil
And fiercely shrieked, like a fiend from hell
Alono with death :?and yet the bell
Witii measured beat, liko a living ihing
That pitied the dead, did slowly swing.?
Toll! Toll! Toll!
As sad as sad could bo ;
rp?ii I T*~ll ?
x un i jl un ; ? uu :
Across tho moaning Bca.
In holy writ, men say, 'tis found
That angels tread on earthly ground,
And God to them this charge hath given ;
When tho storms of earth
Bring shipwreck and death,
To savo tho bright Jewels for Heavon.
O'er tho pure and fair they loved well,
Perchance tiiey pealed that passing knell:
Ere the child and the saint wore borne to thatshoro,
Whero night novor comes, and?where storms beats
From tJie Baltimore Patriot..
FROM NEW MEXICO.
THE NEWS FROM NEW MEXICO.
Fall particulars of the Insurrection.
mi. _ tit ?
x ne vvesicrn man last niglit brought
the St Louis Republican of the 8th and 9th
inst.,. in which we find full partculars of
the interesting and painful events, of which
we published yesternay, a condensed a ccount
receivnd by telegraph from Pittsburgh.
We copy the letter below.
The St. Luis Republican makes these
editorial remarks upon the subject:?
The difficulties, resulting in the murder
of the Governor of the territory, makes it
still more incumbent on the Administration
to throw additional numbers of men into
New Mexico. There were not troons
enough to plrotect the Americans at our last
advices, if the insurrection was as geenral
as the rebels intended it should be. Col.
Doniphan, with the most effective of his
force, was far off' cn his way to Chihuahua.
Death had cut off more than
one hundred of Price's Regiment, and many
others were on the sick list. Detached parties
were scattered in different parts of the
country, wherever grazing could be had for
their horses and animals, and the information
of the traders, last from there, is to the
effect that there were on I v about four hun
dred efficient men in Santa Fe. This is a
small force for the occupation of such a
town as Santa Fe, and to secure the quiet
'of the inhabitants of the territory who may
be peacefully disposed, but who, it is now
evideiit,are?ow outnumbered by rebellious
and treacherous spirits. Nothing but a
numerous body of military, Stationed at proper
points, can guarantee peace and security
for property in that country and the
Gorermenl should at once send an addition*
al force there. We ought to be spared, by
nroner nrer.autuins. th? oficnri*ftnr? of *tir.h
disasters as those to which we have alluded,
and which have brought deep-anguish to
many families, in this city.
' From ihe Si. Louis Republican, March 9.
w>r j; Independence, March% 1847,
I have news to communicate to yoi*
again, from Santa. Fe, hutitispfft <JMT?Font
character to any heretofore given. Mr.
' ; ' v .'7
' & . ..... y
I Miller, of Saline county, and Mr. Huffman,
of Baltimore, and some others, are just in,
having left Santa Fe on the 13th of January.
The twenty arrested on suspicion were.
released, anil all apprehensions seemed to
be quieted, when our informant left. Alter
they had progressed some few days on their
route, they were over-talced by some m<?n,
who told them of an insurn crion about to
to take place, or just then goinir on, at Tons.
! They placed a little reliance on the report,
until over-taken by Mr. Lucien Maxwell
i 1 _ o : ?i -i iii
i iiuu ?? o|jiiui<iru, who nau oeen in tlie cmploy
of E. LcitendsorfFer. Maxwell, who
had a farm, was fortunately apprised of their
movements, and escaped by fleeing to the
mountains. All his stock had been taken.
Through the Spaniards, upon whom reliance
can be place, and who had also to flee
for his life, we learn that Gov. Charles Bent,
who went up to Toas a few days before, to
look after his farm, near town, was killed,
as well as Stephen Li-e, then acting
Sheriff, (wh o had a day or so before imprissoned
some Slinnnsed insnrrppiinnicio \
> --f'l f
Gen. Elliot Lee, Henry Leal, and all the
Americans in the placej stripping them and
their families of all they had on earth, and
killing also all Spaniards at all favorable to
the Americans, the chief alcalde of Toas
being one of them. This occurred on Tuesday,
the 17th. On Wednesday it was their
determination to attack Mr Miller's party
and wagons; but in this they (oiled them,
by travelling fifty miles a day. On that
day they attacked Turley's distillery, in
the valley of Taos. Turley, with eight
men, defended himself for two days, having
a kind of breastwork thrown up around his
| Ai the commencement of the insurrection,
the alcalde of Taos sent word down to the
alcalde of VaPUS of their mm'nmrrst?
wished him 10 join them. He would not;
but sent nn express immediately to Santa
Fe, advising them to on their guard, as the
mobs, who were composed of the lowest
rabble, and whose desire was plunder,
(about 600 in number,) were hurrying on
to the Puebla luuian villages and settlements
to arouse them, and march directly
to Santa Fp, and take possession of that
piace and aii that was in it. What can bft
done there no one knows. Messrs Miller
and Hoffman say that there are only about
four hundred effective men in Santa Fe?
me rest <iii on me sick nst, or nave gone
down to Doniphan : and of course they
cannot send any help the neigboring points,
and in all probability will not be able to
defend themselves there. The fort is not
completed, as the block houses are not finished,
which renders it impossible for the
troops or citixens of Santa Fe to retreat to it
with their sick in case of an extremity.?
The connons are all in the square in town,
and are in a bad situation to be of great service.
After the mob had attacked Taos and
Turley it was their intention to lake some
Government wagons going into Santa Fe
with sunnlies. When news was rnrpivp^
at Bent's Fort by some men who had fled
there with Mr. Miller's company, they immediately
sent out a few men 10 pick up the
remaining stock and other property which
the}' could find.
Col. Doniphan had representations made
to him that Chihuahua would be and easy
conquest, and after a few easily obtained
victories he was to march down sufficiently
far into the interior us to be surrounded and
all his men cut off No word had been received
by him of Gen. Wool.
Mr. Brown, one of the losses of the peni
tentiary, l^ft Santa Fe a few days before ,
Messrs. Miller and Hoffman, with the express
mail, and is now a short distance from
h?-re in distress. H- Ip l a? been sent him.
It is the opinion of all at Santa Fe, that, if
Wool had gone on direct to Chihuahua. (
there would have been no trouble anywhere I
in JNew Mexico. j. M. i
How to Speak td Children. It
is usual to attempt the management of 1
children either by corporal punishment, or |
py rewarus addressed to the senses, and by i
words alone. There is one other means i
of government, the power nnd importance |
of which are seldom regarded?-l refer to 1
the human voire. A blow may be inflicted <
on a child, accompanied with wordsso utter- 1
ed, os to counteract entirely its intended I
eflVct; or the parent use hnguage, in the 1
correction of the child, not objectionable in <
itself, yen spoken in a tone which more i
than defeats its influence. Let any one ?
endeavor to recall the image of a fond mo- <
ther long since at rest in'heaven. Hejr '
sweet smile and ever clear countenance ar? 1
brought vividly to. recollection , so also is
her voice j and blessed is that parent who I
is endowed with a pleasing! utterance,-? '
What is which lulls thelnfant torepose?
it is not an array of mere 'words.There
is no charm, to tne untaught oj^e, in feitera,
syllables, and ^sentenfees, It is the sound ]
which strikes its tittle" ear that soothes and ,
composes it to fester A"fe\* notes, however,
unskilfully torlr&ed: Sf qttwed in a ?ft 1
toffe a ftutife-infft&ei. i
aKT^anpa. ."ts^q * Eip jysw?3f?ql? o?\; muii t
1 Think we that this influence is confined to
the cradle? No; it is diffused over every
aire, iind ceases not while the child remains
under the paiental roof Is the boy growirig
rude iii manner, sind boisterous in speech?
I know* of no instrti??I?'nt so sure to control
these tendencies as the gefW.'s.tones of a mother.
Slie who speaks to her soft harshly
leosbut give to his conduct the sanction
her own example. She pours oil on the
alread raging flame. In the pressure of
duty, we are liable to utter ourselves hastily
to children. Perhaps a threat is expressed
in a loud and irritating tone; instead of allaying
the passions of the child, it serves
directly to increase them. Every fretful
expression awakens in him the same spirit
vvmcu produced it. So dors a plesant voice
call up agreeable feelings Whatever
disposition, therefore, we would encourage, .
in a chihl, the same we should manifest in
the tone in which we address it.
Supposed Population of tiie World.?
Nine hundred and sixty millions of human
being are supposed to be upon the earth;
of .which Europe is said to contain one hun*
dred and fifty-three millions: Africa, one
hundred and fifty-six millions; Asia, five
hundred millions; American, one hundred
:i n fi fift v m il I inno nml tlio iclnn^o in tlio
J ? ? ) UIIU V1IV IIJIUIIVIO 111 HIV
Pacific, seven millions If divided into
thirty equal parts, five of them will bo
Christians, six Mahometans, one part Jews,
and eighteen Pagans. Christians are numerous
in Europe and America, some in
the south of Asia, Africa, and the southeast
of Europe. Pagans abound in A rica, and
in the interior of America, some in Asia,
and a small number in the north of Europe.
Louis Phillippe is saiu to be u. great observer
of all rules which may be calculated
to benefit the healthj and the :torSjin consequence,
do not give hin iiuch trouble.
He rides at five o'clock in the morning, at
all seasons, works in his cabinet while fresh
and clear, and therefore with ease?breakfastssimply?'then
takes a long walk, which
promotes a mild and salutary re-action towards
the skin; at dinner, has constantly
half a fowl dressed with rice and for his
drink takes only pure water, about which
his Majesty is very particular. At the end
of his meal he takes half a glass of old
Bordeaux wine. He sleep on a single mattrass.
laid on a camp bed-stead, and for never
more than six hours. When he takes medicine
at all, he adopts invariably the most
There is no limitation to the ingenuity of
man, if we may form an opinion by the
discoveries wnich have been elicited since
the completion of the immense telescope of
Lord FtoSse. In the course of an examination
of the moon by the aid of this wonderful
instrument, the following facts were
ascertained :?" It appeared like a globe of
molten silver, and every object of the extt nt
of one liun Ire 1 yards was quite visible.?
Edifices, therefore, of the size of York Minster,
or even of the ruins ot Whitby Abbey,
mi?ht be easily perceived if they had existed?-but
there was no appearance of that
nature; neither was there any indication
of the existence of wate^o! of an atmosphere.
There was a vast number of extinct volcanoes,
several miles in breadth ; through one
of them there was a line, in continuance of
one about one hundred and fifty miles in
lorinrlh ?vh?i?h i>n?i irt n Qt:in>Kl Hirnplinn litrn
v..K y>, " **"*'* * "" ,w " """"O"'
* railway. The general appearance, however,
was like one vast ruin of nature ; and
many of the pieces of ro<*k driven out of
the volcanoes, appeared to be 'aid at various
Too much Anxiety?Of the causes of
disease, anxiety of .mind is one of the most
frequent and important When we walk
the streets of large commercial towns", we
can scarcely fail to remark the hurried gait
ind careworn features of the well-dressed
passengers. Some vourijr men, indeed, we
may see with contenances possessing natural
cheerfulness and colour; but theseqppearances
rarely survive the ago of early
manhood. Ccmtfr closes an eloquent de*
description of animal existence and change
ivith the conclusion that " life is-a sta.t? of
force.'' What he would urge in a physical
view, we may morestrongly u^ge in a morM.
Civilization has changed our character-of
mind as well as of body; I've ih a
jtate of unnatural excitement ; becauseit
is partial, irregular* and excessive. Our
musclns waste for want df action : ournarvous
system is worn ou t by excess of action.
Vita I energy is drawn from the operations
for which nature designed it, and devoted
n Arutrnlirtna nrhtxK it nHwa*
>v V|>v>??vua >uavu > 1IUIOI '
- Tfoxckzrqpt 1
'" " V
A gcntlemntt writing from Atoomia^