Newspaper Page Text
Ft cm the A'cw Orleans Delta.
Higliiy im.iorlnnt frcm Mcxico
Gen?ral Taylor Victor>nvs '?'Ihe Mexican
Loss Fire Tkoics in IKtlfei.?American
Loss Eleven Hundred.
The shr. William C. Preston arrived yesterday
from the Brazos, from which place
she sailed on the afternoon of the 10th inst.
mi ^ 1 ^ 1 *
xnc news irom ijeneral Taylor, brought by
this vessel, is most cheoring. The intense
anxiety created among our citizens by the
many alarming rumors which have been
circulated through the country, relieved itself
last evening in our universal expression of
joy and proud confidence in the superiority
of American valor. Although these j"<ipcrt?
are still vague and indefmUo^iiough can be
gathered from thej^-^5 give every assurance
that Gem.Baylor has whipped Santa Anna.
Capt. Brown, a passenger on Wm.
Preston, we gather the following particulars
of the reports most generally received
at the Brazjs:
General Taylor was attacked by S \nta
Anna at Agua Nueva, and after a sharp battle
fell back in good order, to the vicinity of
Saltillo. Here he was attacked by Santa
Anna, and a sharp engagement ensued, in
which General Taylor was victorious, Continuing
his retreat in good order, General
Taylor fell back to Monterey, where he arrived
in safety. Safely entrenched here,
and finding Santa Anna would not attack
him, General Taylor sailed out against Santa
Anna and gave him battle. A long and
severe conflict ensued, which terminated in
the total defeat of Santa Anna with a very
heavy loss. The loss is reported to be between
4 and 5000. This may be an exageration,
but when it is considered that General
Taylor had twenty pieces of flying artillery,
splendidly officered and manged, we
venture the opinion that the Mexican loss
has been very heavy.
Capt. Brown states that all the points on
the Rio Grande arc in hourly apprehension
of being attacked by the Mexicans. At
Camargo, especially, the number < f Mexicans
hanging about the outskirts of the town
had created considerable anxiety and vigilence
among the troops. There were about
1200 troops at Carnargo.
Capt. Hicks, who commands the steamboat
Warren, in the government employ on
the Rio Grande, came passenger in the
Wm. C. Preston, and gives the following
corroborative information. Capt. II. brings
intelligence from Camargo to the 5th inst.,
at which place information had been received
from a Mexican who had just arrived
from the interior, that a collision had taken
place at Buena Vista, Saltillo and Monterey,
between the forces of Santa Anna, (numbering
some 23 000.) and those of Gen. Taylor.
The conflict was stuborn and sanguinary
on both sides, the enemy suffering immeasurably,
but Gen. Taylor finding himself
aa Al AM oil Ul/lnn 1m? ??
iuu uv/tij yuiauuu un an aiu&aj UJ ct 1UIUU
greatly outnumbering his, retired before tl>e
enemy in good order, and made good hi9
retreat to Monterey?3piking six pieces of
ordinance, and leaving at Saltil)o some 30,000
rations, which have fallen into the enemie's
hands. The different engagements
are said to have occupied the space of three
The enemy followed closely upon General
Taylor's retreat, until he arrived at Mon?
terey, where the battle was renewed, and
our forces gained a decided advantage over
the enemy, forcing him to precipitately retire,
when Gen. Taylor with a battery of
flying artillery and a squadron of dragoons,
pressed them home, creating such immense
havoc in their routed columns that the slain
arc represented to have been ridden over in
piles " three deep." The enemy were pursued
for 18 miles on the Saltillo rcnA ha.
ving suffered in all the engagementt to the
amount of 5000 killed, wounded and missing.
Gen. Taylor's loss is said to be 1100.
At the last advices, Santa Anna Is said to
have been endeavoring to rally his torces
for another desperate onslought, while Urrea
had fallen in Gen. Taylor's rear, near
Passa Victoria, with 8000 cavalry and an
irregular force of rancherosf, for the purpose
of impeding reinforcements and cutting off
nil communications between Mcnterey and
Camargo. Gen. Taylor is confident that
he can maintain his position until edequate
assistance my arrive. t
Tlio frJlnwinir lptfppa frnm v?pv
? ?? WW .. ..WM0 "V4J MUUlUllliO
sources, are the only ones received by the
W. C. Preston.
Mouth of the Rio Grande, March 10.
Eds. fieltcu?Under present circumstances
you will bo .extremely anxious to know
the rumors from this quarter. I wish I
could myself ascertain the truth, which
. ftmong the thousand lias that are circulating,
$8 like a grain of wheat in a bushel of chaff.
Our whole line of communication has
been threatened by Santa Anna's-overwhelming
force for some time past, and columns
are constantly in motion, threatening an attack
on our depots. As late as four o'clock
this morning the accounts from Matamoros
are dolorous, and that an attack is expected
every moment. ?
... Heavy firing was heard last night at Ma*
tamoros; said to be a salute on account of a
yictpry gained by Oeneral Taylor over Santa
Anna. ^ The fight ia said to have lasted
three days.c The Mexicans lost 6000, the
Americans 1100. I have just seen & letter
from a Gerttan merchant at Matamoios,
which confirms the rumor,
I must ad(l that up to our latest dates frcm
Camargo, there had been nothing heard
Gem Taylor since the 22d Februtfy.
ijSince that time all communications had been
with Camargo, ?i the brave old man
#W ^completey surrounded, I knew, of
course, Gen. Taylor would do tho country I
honor, but such gloriou3 results as are now '
reported may be considered miraculous;
and *hilc I believe them in part, we mnst
await further official intelligence.
From the N. O. Picayune, March 19.
Later from Mcxieu?Very Interesting and
By the way of Tumpico wc have dates
from the city of Mexico to the 27th February.
These are fourteen d:iys later than any papers
from that city we hive seen.
'I he papers of the capital speculate much
about Santa Anna's chances of success
against_Taylc?."~ They confess to their superiority
in mere numbers, but claim thai
the Mexicans are worn out by fatigue and
hardships, while the American have calmly
prepared for the conflict.
In regard to the hardships which were
encountered by his troops, all accounts
agree; they must have been severe ?
Stagnant water sold at Matehuala at one
dollar a barrel. Soldiers frequently fell
overcome with fatigue and perished with
out shelter in the snow. Bitterly is the
Administration denounced for not having
raised means to mitigate their hardships.
All tho credit of raising and supporting the
army is justly bestowed on Santa Anna,
and should he fail in his attack upon Gen.
Taylor, it would hardly shake jiis authority
with his countrymen.
A letter dated the 12th ult. form San Luis ;
says the army was compelled to leave behind
in th-it city a portion of its artillery,
for want of means ol transportation, but that
it would be despatched in a few days agreeable
to the orders left by Santa Anna.
We have no where seen any further
mention made of Majors Gaines aud Bor- j
land and their fellow prisoners.
The Mexican Government has learned
through its consul at Havana of the exDe
diiicn of Gen. Scott upon Vera Cruz.?
Troops were accordingly ordered by the
Government to march at once from the capital
to Veri (. r iz, but, as it chance, the
body designated lor this duty and which
was to have moved on the 26th under
Canalizo and La Vega, was involved to a
great extent in the revolt which broke out
the following day.
It was the Spanish brig Orbe which recently
ran the blockade ol Vera Cruz in an
audacious manner. She wasfroin Havana,
and carried in a cargo the duties on which
exceeded $10,000. This same vessel has
since arrived at Havana again, as we announced
in our paperof Wednesday.
An English vessel of war arrived at Ve...
IT.U ..i* r T :? ?i
iii viu^uii utc 1/ in uii, nuui jauiaiud, iiuu, j
it was said, with orders for the whole Etig- ;
lish squadron lying at Sacrifieos to sail for
Senor Iriarte, the Minister of Finance,
has resigned. He had submitted his views
of the financial condition of the country, and
the proper remedy to the President, asking
either an approval of them, or an acceptance
of hia resignation. The Vice President
was constrained to accept the resignation,
but they parted with apparently mutual
and sincere esteem.
VV e find the announcement that about the
28th ult. by renting or farming of the mints,
the Government had succeeded in raising
$300,000 in cash, one-third of which was
despatched on the 23rd to the army More
than half of the sum thus raised was from
the contract for the mint in thp. ranitnl th#?
contract being for ten years.
The Government has begun to raise a
little money without the clergy. The sale
of a house belonging to the church is mentioned.
It s said to b? worth about $50,000,
and it sold lor 820,000, part in paper, part
in cash. The putting in force the law
against the properly of the clergy probably
hurrie Ion the insurrection against Farias ?
The Secretary of the Treasury, Senor Castillo.
was dismissed from office for refusing
to sign the bill of saleof the house mentioned.
There has been a pronunciamento made
irj. the State of Oajaca, followed by acts of
violence, in which several lives were lost.
The military commander had effected a
compromise of some kind with the revolutionists,
but by tnaking stipulations against
i . ( . i /i ? ?
ine a uxnoruy 01 me uovernor of the State
and other concessions. The official documents
in relation to this affair are voluminous,
but their interest is swallowed up by
occurrences in other parts of Mexico.
The Government has introduced a bill in
Congress for an amnesty to those engaged
in the late revolutionary attempt atMazatlan,
save only General Mora, who is not thought
deserving of a purdjn.
We find another letter from Santa Anna,
dated 17th ult. from Sun Salvador, in which,
he denounces what he calls the assnssination
by the invaders of twenty-six individual*,
inhabitants of Agua Nueva, who had
taken refuge at the Ojo de Agua de Catana.
He makes this charge on the authority of
s** i ? i ? - -
general Annraae, whose letter he adds; and
he says the facts are confirmed from olher
sources. Santa Annn bids the Secretary of
War say to the Vice President that he
'* will very soon take satisfaction for the excess.
committed by these mpn, which are
"on outrage to civilization and the human
race." General Andrade says that, besides
the twenty-six " assassinated," sixteen were
made prisoners, and that they were all
peaceable citizens. There is, of course,
exaggeration about this, but the truth will
hardly be cleared up till we receive desnatches
from General Tavlnr
J ^ J
We have come across a letter of OeQeral
Arista, dated the 90th uit. in the city of
Mexico. . He defends himself vigorously
from the aspersions of a paper called the
Democrat. . He thus speaks of the battle#
of the 8th and 9th of May :?" In regard to
the misfortunes of Palo Alto and La Resaca,
1 will tell them that 1 was not the author
of them. A great calamity, without doubt,
was the action of the 9th ; but that of the
8th never brought disgrace on the Renublie.
0 r? ; I
At daybreak on ihe 9th the Mexican soldiers
saw the flag of the enemy flying more than
a miles in the rear of the bloody field of
action of the day previous."
Arista asks a suspension of publicopinion
till he can have his trial, which he is anxiously
awaiting. He says he will then explain
the circumstances which led to the
disaster of La Resaca He must find some
more substantial defence than the pretext
that the Americans did not remain master
of the field at Palo Alto ; nay, that they did
not drive the Mexicans from their position
and sleep upon the ground occupied by the
Mexicans in the morning.
From the N. Y. Courier Enquirer.
FURTHER FOREIGN NEWS.
PER HIBERNIA, AT BOSTON.
The steamship Hibernia, Capt. Ryrie,
arrived at Boston on the 4th inst., bringing
intelligence a month later than before received.
There is no political intelligence of start
ling interest. Ireland and Irish affairs continue
to be the chief topics of interest, and
famine yet stalks unchecked through the
land. France is experiencing a severe
financial crisis, as well as suffering from
or.irr.!tir Thft Prussian mnnnrph hml
OUUIV/iV t . A ? - ??
last fulfilled a promise made a quarter of a
century ago, and given his subjects a Constitution.
The times of the 25th uit. devotes an article
to the Mexican War, of which the accounts,
it says, arc exceedingly confused.
The ease with which towns are taken, provinces
annexed, &c., is cited as astounding,
and the Times says :?
" A 16-gun sloop impounds a province ;
a reffiment of volunteers annexes a Quarter
of a continent; and towns are taken by
fifty men and garrisoned by five-and-twentv,
in the midst of a numerous and exasperated
population. The armies of the west and
the centre, of conquest and of occupation,
are all represented by detachments which
would hardly, if concentrated, make up one
The various schemes suggested for closing
the war are then rehearsed and ridiculed,
and Mr. Benton's project is treated
with contemptuous sarcasm. The article
u The point most perplexing to ordinary
European ininds is the object for which this
mu.'h desired neace is sought. If the nro
I ? O ? I
vmces and ports, the people and property,
the taxes and customs of a nation cau be
seized and distributed ad libitum already,
it is hard to conceive what further advantages
are to be gained by the most amicable
negotiation. What does President Polk
want to buy with 2,000,000 of dollars, whon
he can get so much for nothing? Philip
of Macedon's receipt for taking a fort was
sensible enough, but who ever drove an ass
laden with silver into and unprotected town?
The Mexicans have 'clearly the vantageground
of their foes. Defeat and invasion
may easily be put up with when they leave
the conquerers beggars and the vanquished
choosers. Santa Anna is flattered with
campliments and beset with solicitations,
and has the daily refusal of half-a-dozen
overtures of the eternal amity of his enemies.
He can hardly do better than
strengthen himself by addiional defeats and
fresh repulses, and leave his adversaries to
complete their humiliation and embarrassments
by a protracted cureer of glory."
Alarming accounts of famine comes from
every part of France. Vast supplies are
ordered from every quarter. Complaints
are made in the papers that much less grain
comes from the United States to French
than to English ports. Large orders, it is
said, have come out by the steamer. It is
said that the French are about to take military
possession of Majorca. Minorca and
Ivica. Very large shipments of grain for
England and France have been made at
Constantinople. The French Chamber
has voted to increase the ariny by adding
210,000 troops. The " Epoque" news
paper hns been merged in the " Presse."
The Pope is making new concessions to
the Jews, and the Sultan in Turkey is doing
the same towards the Christians. In
France the acarcity is on the increase, and
prices are advancing. The most alarming
accounts have come in from ' Lower Normandy,
and a general scarcity is apprehended
along the coast.
News Irom India and China has been received.
The treaty with the Sikhs had
been ratified. The Scinde force was to have
been reduced by about 7,000 men ; the
frontier force had been strengthened and
offiiirs generally are peaceful and quiet.-?
Tho nimlpm Vtn<4 niaitaH lUiirtms hitf mao
on the decline.O'Connell
is rapidly sinking. His physicians
have announced that he is too week
to write letters,and his son stated this at one
of the repeal meetings. Wilmer & Smith's
Times says :?
Mr. O'Connell, k is said, is dying. The
state of his health prevents his removal to
Ireland, His confessor, Dr. Miley, left
Dublin, by express, to attend him in London,
where he now remains. His complaint
is stated to be water on the chest and
dropsy in the legs?fatal symptoms ever at
his time of life. The numbers of inquiries "
daily at his hotel is great, and it ii said a
errant from the palace it amongst the
The Irish poor aro emigrating Tn great
<;v . ?
yVif, . er ' ^ -
numbers, chiefly to the United States. All
the ready ports are crowded, but th? Chronicle
says, unfortunately thf-y are those
\yhose loss will be severely felt as they
possess pecuniary means and are not destitute."
Freight for steerage passengers has
risen to 4 guineas. Landlords are aiding
their peasantry to emigrate.
Mr. R. S. Guinness, of Doublin, has issued
an address to his poorer tenantry in the
county of Wexford, offeritig ?3 to each
person in a family, provided the whole go
together, and also JE1 for each individual,
the latter ?um to be paid on arrival in New
York, Quebec, or any other American port
that may be fixed upon.
The progress of starvation among the
Irish still continues. Rev. Mr. Newell
writes that in the parishes of Oranmore and
Ballimacuurty 54 persons have perished
from lack of food since December. The
new poor law, proposed by the Government,
is strongly opposed. W. F. A. Delane,
who has for a long time been the leading
editor of the Times, has left that paper.?
The steamer Great Western is advertised
for sale. The new steamers for the British
Company are to be called the America,
Canada, Niagara and Europa. S. S. Gair.
Esq., one of ihe pnrtners of the house of
Baring Brothers, and chief manager of the
Liverpool branch, died on the 13th.
ABBEVILLE C. H., S. C.
Wednesday, lOareli 31, 1847.
Charleston March the 27th from 10 to 11
7-8. Hamburg, March 27th, from 10 to
11 1-4 cts.
We are indebted to the Offices of
the Chronicle Sentinel, Hamburg Journal.
Republican, and Edgefield Advertiser for
tCfWe have received nothing further
from our volunteers, but expect tidings from
them the last of this week or the first of next.
Should any very important news reach us from
them we will give it to our readers in Extras
should it be too late for the paper.
15y the steamer Hibernia, we have foreign
news up to the 4th inst. The cotton
market?wa? firm?flour had declined in
price but rallied ngain, The Famine is
still severely *eit in Ireland ana ocouana;
distressing accounts are given also from
France of the suffering there. It is said
that great numbers are preparing to emigrate
td the United States.
A reconciliation has taken place between
the governments of France and England,
through the intervention of the Austrian
Murder of Dr. A. Burt.
The Augusta Sentinel of. yesterday says :
<l A most agravated murder we regret to
learn, was committed upon Dr. A. Burt of
Edgefield District S. C. who resided some
ten or fifteen miles above Hamburg, by one
of his own negroes, yesterday morning.
The circumstances, as related to us, are
a1 a! ? a a . J . . V . i ? r
mese: ine ur, auempiea locnnsuse mm, ior
which purpose he had broken offthe branch
of a peach tree, with which he inflicted a
few stripes, when the negroe seized an axe,
and almost instantly killed him, notwithstanding
the Dr. attempted to escape. The
negro was arrested and is in custody
From the Army.,
The news from the seat of war . that has
reached us is of the most chcering character.
Our arms under the gallant Taylor, have
once more been successful* and given the
Mexicans to understand that even with the
invincible Santa Anna as their leader,defeat
and disgrace must bo their portion. The
following particulars of thist battle which
has added new glories to the already brilliant
name of Taylor, rcached us by the last
Santa Anna began the battle on the 22d
by various manoeuvres, attempting to out*
flank and terrify Gen. Taylor. On that
day the battle was confined to skirmishing
and cannonading, without much effect on
either side. In the meantime, 3anta Anna
sent a large force to Taylor's rear, but
the artillery opened upon them wit|? great
pffftft n.nd rnmnnlltu) (liora mitUMW An
the 23d the battle opened tft earnest and
raged during the day ifeitb great violence.
Tho Americana did not wait to be attacked
but with the. most daring impetuosity charged
upon the enemy With loud huzs&s, their
officers leading the way. Gen' *Taylo* on
his war steed, was eveiy where directing
and cheering on his* men and passed uh*
': ' A .. . '
scathed through the leaden storm : a ball 0
passed through his over-coat was the only
harm done him. This battle lasted from .*>_
early morn until about 4 in the evening,
when Santa Anna drew off his forces to
Agua Nueva to await reinforcements. * r
This battle was fought at a ranche called jjt
Buena Vista, six miles from Haltillo in a perfeet
General Taylor occupied his position H
undisturbed, on the 24th and 28th, and at
the latest dates was holding it. The killed 9
and wounded on the American side is said \
to be 700, and 4000 killoH nnd wAnnd?J
the Mexicans. An Adjutant General of the \
Mexicans was taken prisoner. An exchange
of prisoners had taken placo, and General * *
Taylor redeemed his promise to Col. Mar- j
shall to get back Cassius M. Clay and \
his party, by taking Mexican prisoners i
enough to exchange for them. ^
General Wool greatly distinguished him- Jf
self in this action, and all the officers fought
like heroes. Col. Morgan of the Ohio vo- m
luntecrs, cut his way through large bodies J
of Mexicans and arrived at Marin. A de- f
tachment of three companies under Col. T
Geddixgs, was sent to his aid, and the I
whole party are said to have arrived safe at " \
Monterey. This reinforcement of Colonel /
Morgan's, gives General Taylor as many \
men as he has lost.
The Mexicans have possession of Cer- . '
ralvo, China, Mier, and all the towns bo- W
twcen Camargo and Monterey. ^
A train of 100 loaded waggons on their
way to Monterey from Camargo under an? a
escort of 30 volunteers was capturod by a Jr
body of Mexican cavalry a few miles be- &
yond Marin, three of the men made good
tnoir escape, the rest were taken prisoners.
Altliouglit Santa Anna has been com- ^
pelled to retire, it is thought there would be
another battle, but no fears were entertained M
as to the result of it, should such be the M case.
The Mexican army arc said to be in a
famishing condition, and that during the bat- m
tie frequent skirmishes were seen to takeplhco
among the men over the dead bodies ot Amc
ricans for the food and water they had with
for the banner. ||
i\i a meeting ot ttie Abbeville liar, held "
in the Cout House, on Saturday the 20th
March 1847, immediately after the adjourn- V
ment of the Court, Mr. Tiioh. C. Perrin, m
was called to the Chair and Mr. H. A.
Jones was appointed Secretary. MP
On motion of Mr. Thomson it was B
Resolvedj That a Committee of three of m
which Mr. Wilson should he Chairman,
should be appointed to prepare Resolutions m
expressive of the objects of the meeting : B
Whereupon Mr. JonN H. Wilson, Mr.l
Tiios. Thomson, and Mr. John Cunning-A
ham, were appointed on said committce.B
The committee after a short rotirfiment-M
through Mr. John* H. Wilson, presented?
the following preamble and resolutions : *
\ Whereas, Judge Withers, who has pr?- ^
sided at our Court fof the first time at this ^
term, having given great satisfaction to tho
Bar of this'placo in the dispatch of the hca.'
vy business of- the Dockets, and in the dig.
nity, ability and courtesy to the B-Xr in tho
discharge of his duties as presiding
Resolved, That we take great pleasure in
bearing testimony to the dignity, ability and
J! a_1_ !iL ! ! .1. L!_ YT 1 *
ui?(iuicn wun which ins rioiior nas iransacted
the business of the Court; and we regard
it as the promise of his emminent
usefulness in tho sarvice of the State.
Resolved, That we are highly gratified at
the courteous manner and polite bearing of
his Honor towards the gentlemen of "the f
Bar, so essential to the pleasant adminis- m v tration
of justico. Which being road were M *
unanimously adopted. .
On motion of Mr. Thomson it was, u
Resolved, That a copy of the Pre&mbV
and Resolutions bo nreaentad to JivtJ
That the procceedings of thi? JV
meeting bo puplished in the Banner* J^m' *'
THOS. C. PERfUN, Ch'm'riY
Hr A. Jones, Sec'y.
Upon presenting to Judge Withh^V;
copy of the Preamble and Rcsolqtioi^^^H^
following answer was received:
. Anderson C. H., 24th March, ld^^Er
To tho Hon. Thos. C. Perrin, Ch'm'^^y
n : c?*_ . t *?j-- ?. ?i- *?
mstmt Oir .rt-l ifluqw lO l?8 /Kjr <H Wf^ ,
bevillc, cordial and hearty thanks for the ap,
proval and compliment contained in tf*eir
generous Resolution* of the 20th inst. It !
would indeed bo a mock affectation to deny
that I am profoundly gratified at the fcvora- 1
hie judgment you havo thought younprf^p# I
, ablo to exproae a# to jpy oflkialdemefc^ar* I '
am,however, quite awe that ifwe^et^h
any success in- administering juptieesat*'
. ' *
'' .. ,. v .* - . '. 'A