Newspaper Page Text
. ' ' # Ji
? . v
W%$ ilftftfiPtHf Jgacmwtr*
" liberty and my native SOIL "
YOL. 4. ' - ABBEVILLE C. H., S. C., APRIL 14, 1847. ~ ~ NO. 7.
Published every Wednesday, by
CHARLES H. ALLEN,
Editor and Proprietor.
ONE DOLLAR AND FIFTY CENTS if paid
within throe months from the tlmo of subscribing,
or TWO DOLLARS if paid within six months,
and TWO DOLLARS AND FIFTY CENTS if
not paid until the end of the year. No subscription
recoivod for less than six months; and 110 papor
discontinued until all arrearages aro paid. Subscriptions
will bo continued unloss notice bo given
otherwise, previous to the closo of volume.
No paper will be sent out of the Stato unloss
payment is made in advance.
ADVERTISEMENTS, inserted at 75 cts. per
square of twelvo lines for tho first insertion ; and,
37 1-2 eta. for each continuance. Those not having
the desired number of insertions marked upon them,
will bo continued until ordered out and charged accordingly.
ESTRAYS, Tolled TWO DOLLARS, to bo
paid by the Magistrate.
For announcing a Candidate TWO DOLLARS,
The Postage must bo paid upon all letters and
communications to secure attention.
(for the manner.)
Mr. Editor:?It would afford mc unfeignt\l
n -l ci l r*rk frt nrLl mi ti?n lrtnt-f tn tl?n nrfaiif
JJIVUOUIV 'W ?"<-* " *otvo?. iv UK/ b'""ing
interest of your valuable little paper;
and I often regret that it is out of my power
to devote more time, in the best manner that
I am able, to the pleasure, well-being
and literature of Old Abbeville. Urged on
the present occasion, however, by the magnitude
of the subject, I have exerted myself
to give you a succinct account of the manner
in which the Greenville Rail Road enterprise
has been revived among the good
. t* y* l i r*?i -? I
citizens 01 ^ouimoia. 1 ney say, the enterprise
cannot succeed, that all this noise and
parade about it in the backwoods, will result
in mere smoke,?insinuating however, that
when Columbia gives them a helping hand,
all difficulties must vannisli, and the work
progress. There are many here, and yet
more lower down the country, who seem to
think, that the Upper Districts of the State,
have not the financial power, and scarcely
the intellectual that would enable
them to conceive and accomplish any important
enterprise without their assistance?
that they arc the small dependencies, who
in all danger and exigency, find it their duty
and necessity, to cry for aid and protection
at the gates of Athens and Sparta.
More than once, being a citizen of Abbeville,
have my cheeks tingled with indignation,
when compelled to witness in silence
the sneers of these contracted topographers.
The projection of the Greenville Rail Road
notwithstanding, belongs exclusively to the
people of the up country, and theirs will be
the glory and profits of its completion,
whether Columbia* or Charleston gives
them their aid or withholds it.
The chief cause of the opposition of
the people in Columbia, is that they fear,'
the Road passing through their town, will
injure its trade,?in other words, they are
perfectly willing to rest satisfied with the
advantages they receive from their branch
of the Charleston and Hamburg Rail Road,
and will take good care that those advantages
reach no farther?they are no advocates
of free trade in their own business,
however much they would cry out for it in
the excitement, and vagueness of party spirit.
But on examining in every respect this
truly civilized objection, and placing it in
comparison with the present noble and enlightened
views and exertions of the people
in the backwoods in apprehending* and carrying
out practically the great principles of
justice and free trade?the principles that
clared that so highly did he estimate their
importance, that it . was with him a matter
of profound regret that England a monarch_
ical government, should be the first to proclaim
and apply them. I repeat that on a
comparison of these facts I am astonished
beyond measure, at the blind prejudice of
human nature. It reminds me wonderfully
of Dr; Sam.. Johnson of London, who
believed that nothing great or good could
?*i*t oul of his own city,'?tell him that
^ something heroic or refined bad transpired
$ In SootlvKi, and yoa are laughed to aoorn
iwyour |*iii*^tafori?i him intheian*
" * ^
breath that fairies and demons peopled that
country, and he listened with the most childlike
credulity, and wonderment. Neither is
this prejudice, I cannot say ignorance, confined
to the mere fashionable and unthinking
class, it pervades the minds of some of
the best business men in Columbia,?men
who have been conversant with the results
and effects of rail roads for years. The
scene however, is already begining to shift,
?truth must triumnh. as sure as murder will
out it is to be lamented, nevertheless, that
it g My fails in its first overtures,?in its
appp- our reason?-good sense, virtue
and .^inanity. It is not until it touches
our interest?our pockets?that a shaking
among the dry bones becomes perceptible.
This was the case with the people of Columbia
; as soon as they saw that the backwoodsmen,
were about to accomplish their
enterprise, without their money or their
smiles, and above all without consulting
their interest, and would quickly thunder by,
leaving them far to the left, en passant, to
Charleston. They began to reflect, or in
ntll(>r wnrrlc tn /<niint fVia -l ? -*
.. vw vuuut tuu VU11VU M(lgS) clIIUUL
ten thousand of which, they had already
lost, by the trifling mistake- perpetrated in
not complying with the proposition made
from Camden to aid them in a comparatively
insignificant project. A meeting was
called, in which a committee of twenty-one
was appointed to consider the matter and report
at a subsequent meeting, that took
place yesterday evening. Capt. I. Black,
chairman of the committee, introduced the
resolutions they had drafted, with a speech
of considerable length; to some of the
views of which, as an advocate of free trade,
I could not subscribe. It proved, however,
that the truth of the matter was rapidly
dawning: the best motto of this speech
was : " Neccssitas non habit legem. Not
that the subject, as intimately connected
with the great doctrine of free trade, commanded
the attention, and support of an intelligent,
free people ; but that the people of
the up country had set tlieir hearts and hands
to this rail road, and would have it. He
knew their enterprise and intelligence too
well, to believe for a moment, that they
would falter now in the work, although they
should stand alone. The question . was no
longer as to the policy of rail roads in general,
or whether the Greenville road could
be accomplished or not,but whether it was to
tnildl 511 11 mlll'l r\f nnaa r\n nixMinJ 1">? '"
MW v?v44J?>y 1UJ VTA. I/UOO Uil (V1UUI1U I1CI ;J1I
noisy contempt; for the road will be constructed,
and they had no alternative but to
join the enterprise, or to stand aloof and
abide the consequences. Capt. Black, was
followed by Mr. Carroll, Editor of the
South Carolinian, in a most sensible and
enlightened address. He considered it in
all its important connections with social life
?religion, virtue, and the intercourse of
trade,?showed them that their contracted
views had been entertained in the beginning
of all similar enterprises, and had vanished
before the the test of experiment as the early
dew before the sun?demonstrated the pt.
pediency of the road, and dissipated the
miserable fallacy, that only the termini of
rail roads are benefitted by them?anticipated
the vast advantages it would give Columbia,
until piles of cotton bags and goods
rose mountain high in the unfettered imaginations
of "the burghers,?they chuckled?
rubbed their hands with delight, and voted
unanimously for the resolutions, enlisting in
the great army of free trade.
Capture of Vera Cruz and the Castle?
4000 Mexiafn prisoners?5 General. 60
Superior, and 270 Company Officers Prisoners?"Immense
Loss of the Mexicans?
Loss of the Americans?"Death of Capt.
J. R. Vinton.
JCF" By this Evening's mail from Augusta,
we have received the following glorious
news, which we hasten to lay before
our readers. The news of the surrender
of VeraCruz, is received here with great
joy,4nd whilst we write the Court House
and houses of our patriotic citizens, are
biasing with many a light and volleys of
musketry thunder in our.streets.
. . '
from the Pcnsacola Gazette 31 lift.
The U. S. war steamer Princcton, bearing
the broad pennant of' Commodore Conner,
arrived at this port this morning, and
came to anchor off* our wharf, at half past
nine o'clock?exchanging salute with the
Navy yard as she passed. The Princeton j
sailed from Vera Cruz on the 29th ult., and
brings the glorious intelligence of the reduction
of that city with the Castle of San
I T.^.. JJTTll 1 -1
oiictii u uijiuu, unu ineir entire unconditional
surrender to our arms. a
We are indebted to one of our officers of
the P. for the following summary of the proceedings
in this most brilliant achievement
?an achievement that will redound more
to our Army and Marine, among the nations
abroad, than any that has yet had place in
our military annals.
March 9th.?Disembarkation of troops
13th?Investment of the city completed.
18th?Trenches opened, at night.
22?City summoned to surrender?on refusal
7 mortars opened a fire of bombs.
24?Navy battery, 3 long 32 pounders
and 3 G8 pounders?Paixhan guns?opened
a fire in the morning; distance 700
25th.?Another battery of four 24 pounders
and three mortars opened. This day
the Navy battery opened a breach in the
wall ot the city ; the fire was very destructive
to the town.
26th?Early in the morning the enemy
proposed for a surrender. Commissioners
on the American side?Gens. Worth and
Pillow and Col. Totten.
29.?Negotiations complete: Citv and
Castle surrendered ; Mexican troops marchout
and laid down their arms. The American
troops occupied the city and batteries
of the town and castle ; at noon of that day
the American ensign was hoisted over both,
and was saluted by our vessels.
The garrison of about 4,000 men, laying
down their arms as prisoners of war, and
being sent to their homes on parole. Five
generals, 60 superior officers and 270 company
officers, being amongst the prisoners.
The total loss of the American army,
from the day of landinir. I March is fiS I
persons killed and wounded.
Officers Killed :?Capt. John R. Vinton,
2d Artillery ; Capt Alburtis, 2d infantry;
Midshipman T. B. Shubrick, Navy.
Officers WoundedLieut. Col. Dickinson,
S. C. Volunteers, severely; Lieut. A.
S. Baldwin, Navy, slightly; Lieut Delozin
Davidson, 2d Dragoons, severely.?
All the wounded are doing well.
Of the Mexicans, the slaughter is said to
have been immense. The Commanding
General was stationed in the city, while his
second in command held the castle. Their
regular force was about 3>000, and they had
about the same number of irregulars.?
Out-side the city was Gen. La Vega with
a force of from 6,000 to 10,000 cavalry.?
Col. Harney, with between 200 and 300
U. S. Dragoons, charged on, and repulsed
this immense force with terrible carnage;
scattering them in all direction. They had
barricaded a bridge to protect themselves,
but our artillery soon knocked, away this
obstacle, and gave Harney*s command n
chance at them.
In the attack on the town and castle only
our small vessels, drawing not over nine
leet, were available- But few shot and
shells thrown into the castle, the attack
being mainly upon the town. None of the
enemv's missiles fitriielr rmr woecolc* t?rwl
J - * ? ?VUUW?tf,
Midshipman Shubrick, who was killed,
was serving a battery on shore.
With the city the hopes of the enemy fell
as they had no provisions in the castle to
sustain a protracted seige.
The Princeton is commanded by Capt.
Engle; as she sailed from Vera Cruz, Commodore
Connor's flag was saluted from the
castle of San Juan d'UlloaThe
Commodore is a passenger on board
having been relieved by Com. Perry before
the commencemet of the operations.
The Princeton haying landed the bearer of
dispatches for Washington, and Col. Totten
at this pla(^jgs4ii& immediately for
port that the Mexican spy Ryley,
in jail at Tampico, is an Irishman. TtJFis
not the fart, he ia n T.r>nrinnpr hia nnm*> in
Ryder, not Ryley. I speak of this confidently,
as having some little knowledge of Irish
character which would enable me to detect
imposition, and the poor wretch's own account
of himself, added to my observation,
has brought me to this conclusion. He is
not an Irishman! Poor Paddy has enough to
do to bear his own faults without saddling
bim with the vices of other nations."
' -f .>YN V *c '
r. / -.V. '
"4 ' *" '
... / ''*'f<'
(written for the banner.)
Winter is Gone.
Yes, Winter is gone, its cold bleak wiuds
Havo yielded to a warmer day ;
And earth's fair dross is springing up,
Beneath tho sun's still brighter ray.
But alas 1 how many a warm fond heart,
Has slept beneath a snowy shroud;
E'or whoso cold gravo tho flowora will bloom.
Beneath the spring's bright showery cloud,
But winter, I cannot say farowoll,
Without a sigh?without a tear;
For thou hast brought full many a joy
I To mn #V%of T V*K-.1-1 ? * 1
? ...v, u?u m. nilvu nuiu muni uoar.
For whilo the earth was cold and chill,
And other hearts knew nought of love ;
My soul drew ploasures rich and sweet
From fancy's land, from realms above.
Thon farewell! wintor, my thanks to thoe,
For each bright spot in thy drear hours ;
And welcome to thee, joyful Bpring,
With thy wild, sweet boquet of flowers.
And may each flower liko hope's sweot ray,
Descending from a cliino abovo ;
And tell of flowers that nevor fade,
Whoso every languago is of lovo.
Hints to Husbands.
We not unfrcquently meet with " Advice
w:? ? n..* ?? -
iu ?t nca, dui suiuum any imiig respecting
a Husband's duties to his Wife. The
following selection, by a fair correspondent,
being very good, wo copy it for the benefit
of our readers.
It should not be forgotten that a wife has
her rights, as sacred after marriage as before,
and a good husband's devotion to his
wife, will concede to her quite as much attention
as his gallantry did while a lover.
Before marriage, a young man would feel
some delicacy in accepting an invitation to
a company where his lady-love had not been
invited; after marriage, is he always as
particular ? During courtship, gallantry
would demand that he should make himself
agreeable to her; after marriage, it often
occurs, that he thinks more of being agreeable
to himself. How often do men, after
oassillflr the dav at their stnrns nr nlnroc of
I O V # " - - ? - - ?'- WWW w.
business, leave their wives alone in the evening,
to attend some place of amusement,
and even when the evening is spent at
home, it is employed in some way, which
does not recognize the wife's right to share
in the enjoyment of the fireside.
Look, ye husbands ! and consider what
your wife was when you took her, not from
compulsion, but from your own choice?a
choice based, on what you then considered
her superiority to all others. She was young,
perhaps the idol of a happy home, gay and
blithe as a lark, and was cherished as an
object of endearment at her father's fireside.
Yet she left all to join her destiny with
yours ; to make your home happy, to do all
that woman's love could prompt, woman's
ingenuity could devise to meet your wishes
and to iighten the burdens which might
press on you in your pilgrimage.
She, of course, had her expectations, and
she did expect she would, after marriage,
perform those kind offices of which you
were so lavish in the days of betrothmcnt.
She became your wife ; left her home for
yours ! burs' assunder, as it were, the bonds
of love which had bound her to her father's
fireside, seeking no other boon but your affection
: left, it may be, the ease and delicacy
of a home of indulgence ; and now what
must be her feelings if she gradually awakens
to the consciousness, that you love her
less than before: that vour evenirura arp.
' f D
spent abroad ; that you only come home to
satisfy the demands of hunger, to find a
resting place for your head when weary, or
a nurse for your sick chamber when diseased.
"Why did she leave the bright hearth
of her youthful days? Was it simply to
darn your stockings, mend your clothes, and
provide for the wants of your household ?
Or was there some understanding that she
was to be made happy in her connection
with the man she dared to love.. It is our
candid opinion that in the majority of instances
of domestic mysery, man is the aggressor.
There is no sight so truly pitiable as that
afforded by a rising family of children under
the guardianship of an ignorant mother.
I would be understood in the use of the
term ignorantj as wishing to convey the
picture of a mother whose maiden days
.were devoted to the acquirement of fashflfcable
accomplishments, to the exclusion;
pFsolid mental culture and acquirements.
rThe woman who reigns the queen of the
- *- ?fnnnri ranable of
should she select a partnet for life among
her partners in the dance, she will find,
when it is too late, that her choice has been
as unfortunate as the place where she first
attracted his notice was injudicious. I ever
look with pain upon that young wife who
enters upon her second era with fashionable
ideas of society.?Her first era has been
devoted to the attainments of certain rules
and systems which are scarcely pardonable
in the girl, certainly censurable in the wife,
and criminal in the mother.
The following remarks by Hannah Mora
I so forcibly express mv views on the subiect.
that I give them in lieu of any thing farther
" When a man of sense comes to marrj,
it is a companion whom he wants, not an
artist. It is not merely a creature who can
paint and play, sing and dance?it is a being
who can comfort and counsel him, one
who can reason and reflect, and feel and
judge, and discourse and discriminate?one
who can assist him in his affairs, lighten
his sorrows, purify his joys, strengthen his
principles, and educate his children. Such
is the woman who is fit for a mother, and
the mistress of a family. A woman of the
former description may occasionally figure
in a drawing-room, and attract the admiration
of the company, but she is entirely unfit
for a help-mate to a man, and to ' tram
up a child in the way it should go.'"
n-i ? 1 T
There is au untasteful practice which is
a crying sin among young ladies?I mean
the use of exagerated, extravagant forms
of speech?saying splendid for pretty,
magnificent for handsome, horrid or horrible
for unpleasant, immense for large,
thousands, or myriads for any number more
than two. Were I to write down, for one
day, the conversation of sprne young ladies
of my acquaintance, and then to interpret
it literally, it wouid impiy that within i'uw
compass of twelve or fourteen hours, they
had met with more marvellous adventures
and hair-breadth escapes, had passed through
more distressing experiences, had seen more
imposing spectacles, had endured more
fright, and enjoyed more rapture, than
would suffice for half a dozen common lives.
This habit is attended with many inconveniences.
It deprives you of the intelligible
use oi strong impressions, when you need
them. Jf you use them all the time, nobody
understands or believes you when you use
them in earnest. You are in the same predicament
with the boy who cried " wolf"
so often when there was no wolf, that nobody
would go to his relief when, the wolf
came. This habit has also a very bad moral
bearing. Our words have a reflex
influence upon our characters. Exaggerated
speech makes one careless of the truth.
The habit of using words without regard to
their rightful meaning, often leads one to
distort facts, to mis-report conversations,
and to magnify statements, in matters in
which the literal truth is importantto be told.
You can never trust the testimony of one
who in common conversation iaindifferent to
the import and regardless of the power of
words. I am acquainted with persons,
whose representations of fact always need
translation and correction, and who have
utterly lost their reputation for veracity,
solely through this habit of ovserstramed
and extravagant speech. They do not
mean to lie ; but they have a dialect of
their own, in which words bear an entirely
different sense from that given them in the
daijy intercourse of discreet and sober people.?Address
of A. P. Pcabody.
Proof of Sincere Affection.-?A Flemish
painter, having some doubts of the
sincerity of his wife, and being anxious to
ascertain if she really loved him, one day X,
bared his breast, and painted the appearance
of a mortal wound on his skin. His
lips and cheeks he painted of a lived hue,
and on his pallett near him he placed his
knife, painted on the blade with a blood
like red ; he then shrieked out as if he had *
been instantly killed and lay motionless.
His wife, hearing the noise, ran into his
study, and horror*struck at the appalling
spectacle, uttered an involuntary scream,
fell into a swoon, and in a few minutes
became a lifeless corpse. '
Curiosities of History.?Pulteney, the -r
great leader of the opposition, afterwards
Earl of Bath, having, in one of hi? speeches,
made.jl Latin quotation, was corrected
Kw Hilp- WnlKorf Wnlnnla (vhn nffflrflfl In wn.
eet ? on the inaccuracy of the lines;
icepted, the classic referred
y being found to be right,
irew the guiuea across the
^alteny, as he took it up,;
tse. to witness ihat it w?i