Newspaper Page Text
From the N. O. Delia.
Late mid Important from Vera Cruz.
General Scott's Army pushing on to the Capital?Leaves
Jalapa with, 8,000 men?
JPuebla Surrenders?Necessity of reinforcing
Scott?Santa Anna in the Mountains?Desires
to retire [torn the country?
A Wise Mexican.
General Scott has determined to push on
iv me v_/iiy 01 Mexico wmioui waning lor
reinforccmentsor supplies. He has adopted
the policy of Cortez, who, two hundred
years ago. 011 the very shore now occupied
by our troops, collected together his ships,
and in the possession of his little army,
burnt the whole fleet, by which alone they
could ever hope to return across the raging
sea they had just traversed. So Gen. Sco'.t,
with his small, brave army, drops his base
of operation at Jalapa, and, without a reserve,
or line of communication, pushes on '
towards the city, of which he has, ere this,
become the second conqueror. He left Ja
lapa with but eight thousand men. Of
these three thousand are volunteers, whose
term will expire about the time he reaches
thfi Plli-Vilsl ;>Q nli'imflii ill ;i
deputation to surren fit noble city.?
If a warlike population *hty thousand,
such as that ol the anc: ity of the Tlascalans,
so promptly yit.u to our arms, there
is no reason to apprehend that any farther
resistance will be ofT-red to the progress oI
our army. When last heard from General
Worth's outposts were thrown forward on
the road to Puebla, eighteen miles from Perote.
On last Friday week, his whole division,
constituting the vanguard of the
army, took up the line of march to Puebla ;
with a strong siege train. On the Monday
following, Patterson would follow, with the
volunteer force, Twiggs brings up the
rear, with his force of regulars. General
Scott's force is too small to spare any details
for garrissoning the towns in his rear, and
keeping open his communications. Ilis
hone is. tliiit the now fore p. tn sent in liirn
r ?1 ~~~ " ~ ~ ~ " '
will be able to clear his rear, and forward
his supplies. For the present, he will have
to depend on the enemy for his subsistence.
Supplies can easily be obtained in the country,
for an adequate compensation. But
the people will drive off the cattle, and destroy
the crops, rather than yield them up
to our troops without compensation. No
serious apprehension, on account ol the safety
of General Scott's army, need, we think,
be entertained, if the government takes
steps to supply the places of the volunteer
regiments whose term of si rvicu
will expire about the time General Scott
reaches the Capital. There are now about
two thousand men of the new regiments,
at and near the Brazos, under General
1 11 J mt . ? ?
v^auwaiiaaer. 1 nese snouiu be sent immediately
to Gen. Scott, as he is in much
greater need of them than General Taylor,
who, it ts said will maintain a defensive
position for some time to come. General
Pillow brought over despatches to the government,
the object of which, we understand,
is to urge upon the government the
necessity of taking steps to reinforce Gen.
Scott with the troops that have been already
General Scott's movement, though seemingly
rash and precipitate, is, we believe,
dictated by very just views of the character
of the Mexicans, and of the circumstances
of his position. The enemy are now panic
stricken, they are prostrate and defenceless;
their last army has been destroyed; theii
President driven into the mountains; all
their artillery and ammunition captured ;
all their capable officers taken prisoners.
Thus situated, with no military demagogues
to keep alive the slanders and passions
which have sustained this most absurd war.
The people will no doubt see the utter folly
of any farther resistance, and will quietly
acquiesce in the peaceable occupation of
their Capital. We think Scott's move is as
wise and judicious, as it certainly is prompt
and gallant. The only ground of apprehension
we have, is, the disbandonment of
the seven regiments of old volunteers he
has with him. Their departure, so soon
after the arrival of our army at the Capital,
may create among the Mexicans some hope
of a successful uprising and resistance.
It will therefore, be incumbent on the government
to take immediate steps to reinforce
General Scott. He should have at
least twelve or fifteen thousand men to
carry out his designs, and to conquer a
peace. An. exposed rear must be defended,
and his communications with Vera Ci'uz
In the meantime, Santa Anna shelters
himself in the mountains, near Orizaba,
with a few badly armed lancers and rahcheros.
Fortune has again turned against
him. His extraordinary career of ups and
downs, has not yet terminated. Within
the year past, he has passed through more
various and trying scenes than have ever
fallen to the lot of any other mnn. He now
desires, we understand, to Jeave the country
again, and to seek repose from his recent
< severe trialsrin the delightful recreations of
Havana. If he .succeeds in escaping our
cruisers, we trust he will never again be
fiblett) bambug our government into granting
him a passport into a country, where he
ever was the mere tool of a sensible rabble.
,4^fter the battle of Cerro Gordo, Santa
Anna fled to the hacienda of the wealthy
-Tl/Sn .wiirk li?Do n f? ?? e
? , v-: ..T^o a low. nines lrum
Jalapa. Do>n Garcia has ever been one ol
gSanta Anpa's firmest and ,tpost influential
friends. He was, during the war of Independence,
a simple muletee^ and made his
H , fortune by btfying, a large tract of land,
.income part otwhibhyfln irpmense amount
brmpriey.had been baried by the retreating
8j^niA/a*, a4eQ|^Mc^^he learned, whilst j
ctfgagedinthe business of muleteer. With |
this money Don Garcin, by prudent investments,
and great industry, has suececded in
accumulating a large fortune. Me owns
nearly the whole property from Jalapa to
Vera Cruz, and besides immense herds of
cattle, he has also a large cotton factory, in
successful alteration near lalnnn Smm i
Anna hud a long interview with Dot) Gar- i
cia, before arid alter the battle of Cerro Gor- !
do, and, it is said, deposited with him about
$5101),0U0. Don Garcia advised him to
leave the country, as it was impossible to
resist the Americans. This astute old
Mexican exhibits no hostility towards our
army, nor any discontents at its success, but
very philosophically pocket all our twenty
dollars a pi^ce for his beef cattle, and regales
our officers with delicious wines and
segars. The Mexican conquest gave him
a line capital to commence business on, the
| American conquest, he hopes, will com!
ph-te the mammoth fortune which he is
ambitious ol transmitting to his heirs.
From the, N. O. Picayune, May 14, 1847.
-Guerrilla war on ihc Kio Urandc.
An atli'iitivti correspondent at Camargo
has enclosed 10 us the following order, issued
by Canales. It was found upon the
Alcalde of Guerrera, who was ut the time
in company with one of Canales' captains
and in conjunction with him, as was sup|
posed, taking measures to carry it into? flbct.
! Lieut. Bee, of Captain Lamar's company of
ranjjers, happened to come upon them, arrested
them both and brought them to Camargo.
From this order it is manifest that the
guerrilla warlare is to be enforced all along
the valley of the Rio Grande. It is mortifying
to reflect that a few disorderly men,
such as fled from the field of battle at liuena
Vict'l *1 ?wl l?i/l 1 111 till* nU:irrii'Q
before Monterey, have, by thoir murderous
conduct, given color to the charges with
which CanaJes commences and lards his
order; nevertheless, it is almost certain that
the system would have been put in practice
upon the Rio Grande, as it has been in the
central States, had not these outrages happened.
We have had full measure of the glories
of war, but, should the guerrilla plan continue
any length of time, its butcheries will
be appalling. The perpetrators of acts of
violence have, heretofore, sought to palliate
their guilt by pleading the assassination of
their comrades as an excuse for retaliation.
There has been too much of this already.
But what will be the scenes of havoc and
blood when a " war without pity" is the
recognized nauge of battle on both sides!
The order of Canales is peremptory.?
It commands his followers to spare neither
age nor condition. Every American found
within the territory of Mexico, whether
armed or unarmed, must be put to the sword.
This is more savage even than the guerrilla
proclamation of S.ilus. Canales is a graduate
of a sanguinary school. A robber chief
by profession and a cul-throat by nature,
he is just the man to gloat over the burharities
of such a war. That he will find excuI
ses to plundei his own countrymen we have
nn rlmiht nnfl ivf> rpirrpt In thinlr lip will hf?
? ? j - ~ - ~e>? ? - ?
the last to suffer from the mode of warfare
he has adopted.
The defence of the Rio Grande should
be, under the circumstances, an object of
primary consideration. That more troops
is needed there is apparent, without taking
into consideration tiie necessities of other
divisions of the invasion:
Frontii:r Brigade of Cavalry, )
Camp in San Augustin, April 4, 1847. $
I this day send to the Adjutant Inspector
of the National Guards the following instructions:
1 iearn, with the greatest indignation, that
the Americans have committed a most horr??
I rr\ n e> r* * f U n t?n l U a J..
| i iuivy iiiuocuoiu ui lii^ Kiuuiiu ui liio vjiuauu"
j lupe. They made prisoners, in their own
housesand by the side ol iheirfamilies, twen
ty-five peaceable men and immediately shot
them. To repel this class of warfare,
which is not war, but atrocity in all its iury,
there is no other course left us than retaliation
; and in order to pursue this method,
rendered imperitive by the fatal circumstances
above mentioned, you will immediately
declare martial law, with the understanding
that eight days after the?publication
of the same every individual who has
not taken up arms (being capable of doing)
shall be considered a traitor and instantly
Martial law being in force,you are bound
iu give no quarters 10 any American wnom
you inay meet or who may present himself
to you, even though he be without arms.?
You are also directed to publish this to all
the towns in this State, forcibly impressing
them with the severe punishment, that shall
be inflicted for the least omission of this order.
We have arrived at that state in which
our country requires the greatest sacrifices ;
her sons should glory in nothing but to become
soldiers, and as brave Mexicans to
meet the crisis. Therefore, if the army of
invasion continues, and our people remain
in the towns which they have molested,
they deserve not one ray of sympathy ; nor
should any one ever cease to make war
upon them. You will send a copy of this
to each of your subordinates, and they are
authorized to proceed against the chiefs of
their squadrons or against their colonels or
any other, even against me, for any infraction
of this order?the only mode of salva
mum ?eu. i nc enemy wages war against
us and even against those peaceable citizeus
who, actuated by. proper impulses, desire to
remain quiet-in their houses. Even these
they .kill, without quarter; and this is the
greatest favor they may expect from them.
The only*a(ternative left us, under these
j circumstancos, is retaliation, which is the |
strong right of the offended a^<vnst the
defending. To carry this into effect attach
yourself to tlie authorites. Your failing
to do this will be considered a crime of
j the greatest magnitude. All the officers of
j the troops are directed to assist you in carryi
ing out this order.and it is distinctly undcr'
stood there sha 11 he no exceptions. Neither
the clergy, military citizens nor other persons
shall enjoy the privilege of remaining
peaceable at their homes. The whole of the
I l-V/l |IUI (IIIVII Oil 11 It 114 111 UUl Willi llll' UlllZ?CIis*j
I leaving solely as authority of the town one
j of the members who is over the age sixty
I years ; at the same time, if all of the memI
hers are capable of bearing arms, then none
shall be excepted ; leaving to act some one
who is incapable of military service.?
You yourself must be an example to others,
by conforming to this requisition. And I
send this to you for publication, and charge
you to see it executed in every particular,
and communicate it also to the commanders
of the squadrons in your city, who will aid
you in carrying into effect these instructions,
and in fact you are directed to do all and
everything which your patriotism may
prompt. God and Liberty !
ANTONIO CAN ALES.
Correspondence of the /V. O. Picayune.
In (Jamt, Walnut Spuings, near Monterey,
April 25, 1847
A , ... 1 - r~t
an LMujuy n.iiii yut'5 uown io v^amargo I
to-morrow and carries with it a mail. 1 shall
av;iil myself of the opportunity by writing. I
The 1st Mississippi Regiment, now cut j
down to two hundred and odd men, accom- I
pany the train as f;ir as Ceralvo and remain !
thereto garrison that place until their term I
of service expires, which will be next month
or early in June. A part of the Texian |
Rangers also accompany the train as an j
escort. A train of 127 wagons arrived
fiorn Cumargoon Friday, arid brought a late
mail from the States and amonjr it a number
! of communications for Cent ral Taylor from
the War Department. If the oti (Lit is true
here, the Department has not condescended
to take the slightest notice of the general's
communication for many months. Perhaps [
the Department will begin soon to conceive |
that General Taylor is re.illy a person of j
some littleimportanceanddeservingofsome i
slight occasional notice. I fear there is not J
much if any prospect of an onward movement
towards Saitillo, as there is now no
force adequate to such an undertaking.?
The time of nearly all the twelve months' j
volunteers will expire very shortly, and un- i
1<jss they should desire to slay beyond their \
time for the purpose of going to Sap. Luis, j
and which it is not likely they will do, there '
is !:0 prospect of a speedy movement ? ;
Now is the very lime when the most vigo- j
rous measures should be pushed, and it is i
unfortunate that General Taylor had been '
left without adequate means to operate el- j
fectively. Accounts have been received
here from San Luis as laie as the 7th inst., j
[ am they represent Hie Mexican ar.ny as
i entirely broken up and disheartened,as well
asthe people. Mr. Freeman.and intelligent
American, who has lived in San Luis lor a
number of years, arrived yesterday from
that place. Me states with the greatest
confidence that not more than 10,000 of
Santa Anna's army engaged at Buena Vista,
reached San Luis. Hundreds deserted on
the march, and hundreds died on the road or
were l?'ft sick and wounded. He says the
entire length of the road, presents a most
s;id feature?graveson every side, nuburied
bodies-sick and broken down snldip.rs nt nil
the ranches, and every other evidence of a j
routed, dispirited,starved and broken down I
army. Is it to be supposed that Moxicoever |
can raise another army of such strength ? !
In this region it is the unanimous opinion ;
that she never can brinjj such another army
into the field duringwar.
You have published accounts of the disgraceful
outrages perpetrated before the
battle of Buena Vista and will be no less
shocked to learn that an equally sickening
piece of outrageous barbarity has been perpetrated
in this region by persons calling
themselves Americans. It appears that
near a little town called Guadalupe, near
Marin, an American was shot two or three
weeks ago, and his companions and friends
determined to revenge his death. Accordingly
a party of a dozen or twenty men visited
the place and deliberately murdered twciitv-faur
Mexicans. This is n fart, n mnl
ancholy, incontrovertible fact. Under pretext
of revengeing the death of a comrade,
the inoffensive (for all we know) inhabitants
of the rancho, who have been assured
that they should be respected and protected,
have been wilfully murdered in cold blood.
All efforts to ferret out the perpetrators of
this dastardly outrage have proved fruitless, '
unfortunately, and they will never be tjis- <
covered probably Such foul deeds as these ,
must be revolting to every good citizen,
and it is a sad thing that the well earned
and dearly bought laurels of our troops
should be stained by such acts as these, per- J
petrated by lawless and irresponsible per- j
sons, but tending to bring discredit upon ,
the volunteer forces.
For the last week or more here the
weather has been very warm during the day,
but the night and mornings are cool and. <
comfortable, and there have been a number .
of smart showers. Lieut. Col. Wright, of ,
the Massachusetts volunteers, and a lieutenant
of the regiment, arrived on Friday with
the train froin Mntamoras, with a communication
from'Gen. Cushing. Alltheregi- ]
ment is at Matapaorasand will remain there j
for the present., I forgot to mention ,that
there are a injmber. of cases of smallpox
among Che, troops,, although it has not as- 1
sumea anything approximating an infec- *
' -r.;' 4-" .
tious character. The 2d Mississippi Regiment
had several cases whnn they arrived
and have lost several men from it.
I regret the scarcity of news in this
quarter, but as every thing is in statu quo
now, much cannot be expected. J. E. D.
s& %) MZ J0 JX Si JN ti #
ABBEVILLE C. II., S. C.
Wednesday, May 2?T1S-17.
Charleston, May 22d from 9 1-2 to 12 1-4.
Hamburg, May 22d, 9 to 12 cts.
ICj'We were shown on yesterday, two
stalks of cotton upon which wero several
squares, grown by Mr. James Fair. Who
can beat this?
Jr3=* Col. Jeffeksox Davis, of the Mis
sissippi Regiment, has been appointed Brigadier
General in place of General Pillow
0^7" There arc now eight papers published
in Mexico by Americans.
itjy* The New Orleans Picayune of the
15th says:?" A letter has been received
in this eity from the city ol Mexico, dated
as late as the 30th of April. It is from an
influential source. All that we can learn
of its contents is that there is a large number
of citizens of the capital, men of worth
and substance, who are decided advocates of
peace. But their influence is utterly overborne
by the voices of the noisier populace,
the military and political parties, whose cry
is war. No one onenlv advocates nuacp.
> J - I J
though many yearn for it.
Admissions to the Bar.
The following gentlemen were admitted
to practice in the Courts of Law and Equity,
of this Slate, on the 12th and 13ih instant:
r ? - A ., T? n T\.I
JLJICIV VimiKO IIlLiLo IU11 trt.j VJ? . ill.
Broyles. Thomas B. Fraser, Wyatt J.
Geon, Theodore S. Gourdin, John S. Hanson,
Win. Augustus Lee, John W. Lesly,
Edward J. Pringle, Peleiis A. Wai.ler,
Wm. Ij. Wilson, John J. Workman, Wm.
II. R. Workm an.
ihquily.?Anurew ?i. Buchanan, Charles
B. Glovek, John J. Hanson, James J.
Harllee, Wm. Augustus Lee, C. Davis
Melton, J. Belton Mickle, B. Garden
Pringle, Frederick James Shaffer.
A Washington correspondent of the New
York Herald, states that the American
forces in Mexico occupy territories of the
enemy, comprehending an area of 800,000
square miles, equal to fifteen such divisions
of territory as the State of New York
The same writer estimates the loss to our
army up to the battle of Cerro Gordo,and including
that brilliant affair, at 5,510, thus?
killed and wounded 3,010; died of the cli
maie 2,500. Our whole force in Mexico,
has never at any one time exceeded 20,000
Two vessels of war and fifty transports,
valued at $2,000,000, have been wrecked.
The whole expenses of the war, up to the
period above alluded to, is estimated, in
round numbers, at $50'000,000. But the
amount of private suffering and distress,
who can estimate ?
By the arrival of the steamer Britania,
we have two weeks later newa from Europe.
Cotton has again declined and the market
was quite flat at the sailing of the steamer.
Several causes arc said to have produced
this reaction, the restriction measures of the
bank being the most prominent, an advance
on the rate of interest, and its refusal to discount
bills bearing the endorsement of some
of the fi st houses in England.
The amount of breadstuff's which the
Americans have sent to the starving
Irish, has been the universal theme of eulogy
in Ireland, and of warm and generous
sympathy in England.
Great distress still exist in some parts of
France where bread is very dear, and it is
feared that during the months of May and
June, provisions of all kinds would bo dearsr.
We have recoived but little of interest from
Mexico, by the two ,ast mails. In another
portion of today's paper will bp found' all
:hat is worthy ot note. The Palmetto Regiment
was still at Jalapa on the 28th ulL, but
were tmcleforflers to march to Perote, so it
r ' ,.y; f
is certain the Regiment will not be lefl to** ?L
garrison this town. By a letter from one of
our volunteers wo also learn, that those of
the Regiment left at Vera Cruz in the hospital,
had arrived at Jalapa, and on the
march had a skirmish with a body of R&ncheros
in which several of the Volunteers
were wounded, and one of the Alabama
Regiment killed : the sick rallied, and the
i . * ' * *
enemy auout one Hundred and fifty in number,
were driven from the chapparal. Two
men of our company have died, Prince and
It seems from tlie Proclamation of Canales,
that the Mcxicatis or at least a part 01
them, arc determined to carry on a war o*
extermination, and kill all Americans they
may capture, whether armed or unarmed.
It seems barbarous for civilized Americans
to adopt the same policy ; but what can be
done. If an example is made of a few of
these heartless wretches, it will have a good
effect in exploding such a system.
The Washington Union of the 14th inst
says:?Some of the southern papers are
Still linrninnr inmn ?1.?
f?& nvcivii muiiiirs men.
It is true that the time of a few more than
three thousand volunteers will expire in
Juno or July; but we have ascertained from
the Adjutant General's office that reinforcements
have already arrived, or are en route,
of'men to serve during the war, who will
more than supply the vacancy. General
Scott will have a strong and most efficient
army, to meet and overcome any forco
which the enemy may send against him.
And we learn that fresh supplies of a force
now in the service of the government will
probably be sent forward to participate in
The Washington Union of the 15th inst
says.?The trophies which were brought to
this city by Col. Bakkiiead were displayed
to day from the War office on the side fronting
the Avenue. A considerable crowd
was drawn bv curiositv, in the course of the
day to see them. They consist of seven
small (company or battalion) colours and
two large flags, which were it is supposed,
displayed from the castle of San Juan de
UHoa. Four of the seven are made of silk,
the other lour of coarse material?cotton or
bunting. Upon most of them were emblazoned
the arms of the Mexican republic?
the eagle crushing a snake in its beak, and
the prickly pear. Two of the small flags
had bomb shells painted upon them, in the
act of explosion, and probably belonged to
the corps miners and sappers. The emblems
were all painted in a miserable-style
of daubing, except one, on which the eagle
was beautifully embroidered. But some
mischievious ball or shell seemed to have
made a fearful rent in it, at the foot of the
eagle. The largest flat? of all is comnoscd
of three large stripes of bunting sowed together,
of different colours, and probably
measures eighteen feet in breadth, and
twenty-four feet in length. They will be
preserved among our country's archieves:
and we trust that all our military trophies
will be duly collected, preserved, and dis*
played at one point, so as at once to catch
the eye of the curious spectator at Washington.
The following paper on the ctymolo*
irv and dnrivjition of Moxiran words, rand
OJ " *
before the Historical society in the city of
Savannah on the 10th inst., we copy from
Montekey, so called from tho Count of
Monterey, who was Vice Roy of Mexico
before the year 1600. The word litefally
means " King's Mouutain," reminding us of
our Revolutionary " King's Mountain."
Camaroo derives its name from the Indian
historian of Mexico, Diego Munos Camargo,
who wrote his work about tho middle
of the sixteenth centur .
Matamoros means, litrmlljmjj|^;iVr7V).
perpetuating the recollection
against the Moors in Spain..
Chihuahua is an Indian narefl| UPHUPP
Saltillo means the little HP
perhaps from a sadden descent
Agua Nueva?new water.
Agua Fria?cold water.
Buena Vista?beautiful ..view?belle
Encarnacion-?Incarnation and its holy
Vkra Cruz?The Holy Cross-.
present town was founded by the
of Monterey in the lattor part of thdjBgjy'^&^jg
tee nth century. The old town of
Cruz, founded by Cortes, was north
present town, at Antigua,
Alvarado, bo called from Pedes ^ |
vtuuuu, uiiv 01 v^ories generals.
Sacrificios?-The Island of SacjM B
received this name from tho human J V
cos of tho Mexican Indians* indica? K
tho human bones found there hj the V
iard*.,., .. . mT
Cekro Goroo?The h^-go KUK