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44 IJliKllTY AM) 11V .NATIVK SOIL."
VOL. 4. ABBEVILLE C. H, 8. C., JUNE 30, 1847. NO. 18.
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I ROM MEXICO.""
From the N. U. Picayune. June 17.
L;t(or ii'om V??r:j C'ra/..
A (tack on a Wagon 7'rain by a Mexican I
(J wrrit/u Pa ill/?Thirty A merita ns su // posed
t" be killed?Forty Wagons l)rstroyed?Death
<>l Major Uosuurt/i. Paymaster
L. S. Army.
The IT. S. ship Massachusetts, Captain
Wood,arrived Inst evening. tVotn Vera Cruz. !
whence she sailed on the eveningoftho 1 1;li
inst. The Massachusetts hrinijs over !")."> j
sick and wounded soldier?, under charge of"I
Dr. Tudor, besides the following pesscngers: j
Mr. Joseph llarrod, Dr. Tudor. II. 8. A.J
Purser IJryan, of the navy, and .Mr. Ijuswinth
and two servants.
The following deaths occurred on the !
Massachusetts:?C. Gaines, of t he Mounted j
* n i i I. .. I \ . c i ~. i
jxines, aim .limn i.'inv, 01 company i, / in
Infantry, died on board before ilm Massa
chusetts le.lt Vera Cruz, and were sent on :
shorn for interment on iho 1 1th of June.? j
On the liith of J uue? John J'ope, ol t lie
Mounted liilh s, and John Smith, of 1 ,'oni- j
jiany G, Tth Infantry, died at sea. On the j
4olh. J. F. Carson, of" tho South Carolina
Volunteer, died. On the 1 -1th. L>. Scurry, i
of the South Carolina Volunteers. ami II.,
Heck*. uf the Sid Dragoons. (Jn the l"?tll, J
i <. (Jrover, Company K, .Mounted Kifles. i
The voiuifo is represented as nti the in- |
crease at Vera Cruz. Wo regret extreme- j
ly to say that Paymaster I>oswoiih. who !
sailed from here onlvon the 18th u!t., sick%
cned and died in Vera Cruz of the vomita.?
His remains were brought baclc on the Mas- ,
sachusctts in charge of his brother.
Ciuite the most important iiil?-Jlii^on?*e !
brought by this arrival relates to an attack
upon a large train by the Mexican guerrillas, '
-which has been partially successful. Hy
the Fanny we learned that a train was to
leave Vera (,.'111/. 011 the morning of the ;"?tli. '
instant for Puebla. under coiumandof Lieut '
/*?. I Mlf.i-.t ?I M _ L ! . I 1 1
v>oi. m iiiuisii. 1 in.' iram nan in ciirn^
8225,001) in specie, of which sunt one bun- j
(Ired thousand belonged to the Paymaster's I
Department, the remainder to the Cluarter I
master's. One hundred and twenty-live '
wagons and six lmndred pack* nmles wore
in the train, which was escorted by .^00 !
The train left Vera Cruz on the. night nf!
the 4th inst., and on Sunday the lith, when j
it had advanced ahont 25 miles, it was at. I
tacked by a large party of guerrillas. The J
place was well selected for the purpose by !
+ l \ . 1 . _ . .. i i / i !
uiu Mexicans, oeiug repn-senieu as a oenie
broad enough lor a single wagon only.? !
It is said, too, that slight works had been !
thrown up by the Mexicans to obstruct our I
advance. The attack was made upon each j
extremity of the train and upon the centre j
at the same time, the principal point however
being the wagons which were supposed to !
contain the speeie.
Private accounts represent that the attack !
was so far successful that, forty olour wagons ,
were destroyed?though not those contain- !
ing the speeie?two hundred nudes loaded
with subsistence were taken, and thirty of
our men Killed. The American Eagle of
the 9th says our loss is variously estimated
at from four to twenty, but private accounts,
from responsible sources, give the loss as
we have done, at thirty men. The check
was so severe that Col. jVl'lntosh deter
mined not to hazard an advance without
reinforcements. < uir troops accordingly
. entrenched themselves behind their wagons,
and despatches were sent ofl* to Cei* Cadwalader
at Vera Cruz. The general left
on Monday evening, the 7th instant, with h
force of about five hundred naen and four
howitzers* Private acfcoHnits say further
that ob the 10th apati of the voltigeurs also;
left, 4rjtb -four howitzers; to joto the train. ^
5Thtt'Eo^le represents that our troott#
mail was despatched to this port on tin?
propeller Washington, which may he hourly
expected. Her letters may bring us further
No later news had been received from the
army of (Jen. Scott. The. reason is obvious;
lor the present at least the communication
isentirely cut oil". Wo do not regard
it so alarming, lor (Jen. Cadwalader will
no doubt open a passage to Jalapa at once :
but it indicates a necessity for some cavalry
Ibrce upon the lino to clear away the brigands
which infest it, and who inusl have
mustered in greater force than was anticipated
to attack a train guarded by 800 troops.
But the audacity of these guerrillas does t
tint stop here. Teey are entering Vera 1
oruz ana stealing our Horses. For several i
nights alarms hail been created in the city |
by these predatory attempts. Private letters j
say thai sixty horses were stolen from one j
pc in the immediate vicinity of the town. I
A regiment of Texas rangers, it seems tons, j
would lind ample scope in the vicinity of j
The steamers Palmetto and Kdith arrived
at Vera Cruz on the Mth instant. The
sohr. Gen. Worth had also arrived with one
company of voltiguers. ( hi the Palmetto
a lady is said to have arrived from New J
Orleans in search of a runaway slave.?
Ller persuit is represented as successful.? j
We await anxiously our letters by the .
Morniii5? oS Mlony l'oiiil.
uv j. T. IU:AI)M:Y.
" Hut the most brilliant action of Wa\ ne's !
life, and one of the most illustrative of his ;
character was the storming of Stony Point. !
Washington, at Wayne's request, had :
organized a corns of Ii ht infantrv. and not
^ ^ , ?.j :
him over it. willi directions to lake this '
stronghold. This iuiIress was apparently j
impregnable to a storming pally; l?>r.
situated on a hill, it was washed by the 11 ud- ,
son on two sides, while on the other lay a j
marsh which eviry tid<* overflowed.? i
Besides these natural deleuces, a clou I?1 it j
row ol abaiiis suriouin'.e I the entire hill.'
and on the tup wep* high ramparts bristling j
wilh eannon. Six hundred veterans garri-j
soned this rock : sulli-ienl. one would think*. !
to delend it against live times the number. j
l?ut it was no common obstacle thairould i
drier Wayne when his iniud was once i
made up, and detei mim-d, formidable as it j
was, to execute the laslc a>si:?ned
I : i .. - ' i I
nun ui pencil ill i ne auempl. II is Saul
tiiul while conversing with Washington on
the proposed expedition, lio remaiUed:?
''(leiieral, it 'you. will only plan it, I will
storm II?/. '
' lie carefully roeonnnitered the ground,
and having ascertained the exaei position of;
tilings, lorni'd his phin of attack. < >n the I
loth of.Inly, 17'7'J. he started from Sandy I
Beach, fourteen miles distant, and at eight
in the evening arrived within a mile and a j
hall <>f the fortress, it is now twilight ; j
and the mi'd summer evening with its cool- j
ing biecze stole over tile water?the star-; j
came ont one by one. on the sky, ami the j
tranquil river flowed by in its magjeslic si-j
!ence,andall was sweet atid peaceful. While j
iiiiuirt: inus reposing in neautv arounu ii11u, i
VV iiyiio, wilti his strong' soul wrought up to j
the task before him, stood in the gathering '
shade of the evening, and gazed long and j
anxiously in the direction of the fort.
"Over hill?, across morasses. and along
the broken shores of the Hudson, he had led j
his little army noiseless, in Indian lile, and t
now wailed for the deepening night to lock .
his enemies in slumber. Still undiscovered
by the garrison, he began to reconnoitre the
works more closely, and at half past eleven
put his columns in motion. lie divided his j
army into two portions, one of which was |
to enter the fortress on the right, and the j
..,i a... i..r. r i_- <
umur uu nil*, ien. in uuvaucc 01 eaeu went |
u forlorn hope of twenty men, to remove the i
piles of rubbish that were stretched in !
double rows around the rock, and placed |
just where the b:iueries could mow down j
I lie assailants fastest. Behind these, forlorn j
hopes marched two companies of a hundred |
and fifty men each. Wayne knew that |
everything must rest on the bayonet, and so |
he ordered the load of every musket of those |
two companies to be drawn, while the first j
man who should take his from his shoulder 1
or utter a word without orders, or attempt to |
retreat, was to be put to death by the oflicer i
nearest him. Silently these devoted hands j
submitted to the desperate measures, mid
^fixing a piece of while paper in their caps
designate theni'from ihe enemy, gallantly
moved forward at the low word of command.
Jii midnight the two columns, headed by
?their forlorn h >pen, dime in sight of the
! fortress, along whose dark ramparts the sentinel
was lazily treading his accustomed
round, while the deep 'All's well!, fell
faintly on the listening ear. Grim and still
he huge black rock loomed u(> against the
skV- Rfinn In Glmlr* witk ? ?? AHtn ikunilni
lhd stand a blnzizg volcarto m the midnight
Htaavgas. Noiseless and swift! the fearless
patriots kept on tbeir wmy,' when lo! as
hey came to the tears!*; thoy isaw only a
smooth sheet ol water -thfc tide was up
1 flooding tlie whole ground; the brave lei-1
lows pa used a moment, as this new and un-!
r\ peeled obstacle crossed their path, but at
the stern 'forward' of tli?*ii* leaders, they'
boldly plunged in, and without a drum or
bugle note to cheer iheir steady courage,
moved in tiead silence straight on the palisades.
The. noise had now alarmed the
sentinels, and the rapid discharge of their
muskets through the gloom, was followed
by lights, moving; swiftly upon the ramparts,
and hurried shouts, of* To arms ! to a>vis ! V !
and the fierce roll of drums rousuig up the J
garri.-on Irom its dream of security. Tin' !
ni'xt moment that dark roelc was run; mass
<- I flame, as the artilhwv and muskctrv uneu- i
< <1 a long us siues sneuuing :i luu>l light on j
the countenances of men below, and |
' Athuina'.! ailnttire !." rung in startling)
accents along tin* ranks. |
' Tin; rain;>;iits were alive. with soldiers,'
nnd amid shout and hurried words ul'cimi- .
inand, the fiery torrent Iroin the summit kept
rolling on those devoted men. 'J'lie water |
around tlieni was driven into spray hy the j
grape shot and balls that lell in an incces- i
sant shower, while the hissing, bursting i
shells, traversing the air in every direction, I
added iucoticeival.le terror to the seene.? '
\ et tlmse forlorn hopes toiled vigorouslvon, !
and heaved awsiv at the ahbtillis to open a j
gap for theeolninn, that, without returning '
a shot, stood mid crumbled under the fire, j
waiting with fixed bayonet, to rush to the i
assault. At tint ln*:i<1 of one of these was
Wayne. dialing like a lion in the toils, at :
tlx* obstacle that arre.-ted his pr?(gross.? !
'1'lic forlorn hope in front of hint xvorkod 1
.steadily on in tin* verv blaze of tin; batteries, !
and tin* rapid blows of their axes were heard
in the intervals of the thunder of artillery
that.shook the midnight air, while one alter
another dropped dead in his footsteps, till :
out of the twenty that started only three j
stood unharmed. Yet still their axes fell I
steadily and strong un'il an opening was j
made, through which the columns could |
nass. and then the >hnni< nf \\':hmh? wmc >
lira rd above I lie din and t mini it. sum limiting i
his followers mi. \\ iili liwd bayonets they !
nial'ded sti-rnlv through tin* portals made '
.-it such a sucrilirt*. and pressed furiously
forward?through the morass?over every j
obstacle?up in the very mouths of tin* ;
emmon, and iij> the lorky acclivity, thev
stoi hum! on. crush invf e wry-thin^ in their
passani'. Towi-rinn at tin.4 head of his shattered
column, pointing siill onward and
upward with his glittering blade, and sendiin*
his thrilling shouts back over his follow- i
ers, Wayne strode steadily up the heiyht,
till at length struck in the head by a
musket ball, he loll backward
amid till* V:mks. lostsinllv risiinr mi iiu' I
' V "rj - y * j
knee, lie cri?*d out : 1 March on ! (Jsiny |
mo into 111 o fort, lor I will die at the ! jad of I
mv column!' And those heroes put their |
brave arms around liiin and bore bun onward.
Not a shot was fired, but taking the
rapid volleys on their unshrinking breasts,
their bayonets glittering in tile Hash of the ;
enemy's guns, they kept on over the living '
ami dead, .smiting down the veteran ranks i
thai threw themselves in vain valor before
them, lill tliev reached the centre of the fort, \
where they met the other column, which, !
over the same obstacle, had achieved the
u At the sight of each other, one loud
shout shook the heights and rolled down
the bleeding line?was again sent back till
the Heavens rung with the wild huzzas, !
;iikI then tin' flag of freedom went up and j
Haunted proudly away on the midnight air. |
The thick volume?; of smoke that lay around [
that rock, slowly lifted and rolled up the
Hudson, the stars appeared once more in
the. sky, and all was over. 'J'he lordly river
went sweeping by as it had done during
the deadly strife that cast such a baillul
light on its bosom, and darkness and death*
liUe silence shrouded the shores. Mournliilly
amUlow those forlorn hopes aul their
brave companions who had fallen in tin* j
assault, were brought up from their gory
k...i 1 i . -
tji:u.i iiuu v?uu \ ry ell u> mi* IJI UVl',
" Wayne's wound proved not to be. se- i
vere,?the ball having only grazed the j
skull tor t\\ inches, ami ho lived to wear j
tbe laurels a grateful nation placed on his j
brow. The country rung with his name, i
and Congress present him with a gold medal. J
Tbe whole plan of the assault was most i
skillfully laid, and the bearing of Wayne
throughout was gallant in tin; extreme.?
Lie chose the post of danger at the head of
his column, an I led his men where even
the bravest might shrink to follow, and
when struck and apparently dying, heroically
demanded to he carried forward,
he might die in the arms of victor7
left where the ' stand wac
mo'-e gallant ofhooi
buttle/', . :?
.! t i.
It is said that the late Gen* Dromgoo.e
left his entire* estate, with the exception ofa
few friendly legacies, to the children ofthe
lamented Digger, who ten years ago fell by
his hand in a duel.?Alex. Gaz. |
I ! ! an Wtl WWWMWMMM
SANTA ANNA. I
(leu. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna was
born at Junun del Kin. in Mexico, about tin? i
year A. D., 1SUI, and is said to be the p??n :
of an exiled Finnish nobleman. It is sta- ,
t?'d Lli.it only two \0?rs alter the adoption
of tlie federal constition of .Mexico, Santa i
Anna was instrumental in procuring a I
rross violation of constitutional null's, l>\ j
O > C
raising an excitement again-t the natives i
of old Spain, and causing I lie national Con- j
gresss tn passu decree of expulsion airainst i
litem. This was tins lirst usurpation of!
power exhibited in contempt of the cousti
tutiou, and which entirely interrupted the
career ol constitutional liheriy upon which '
the Mexican people lnul s<? recently enter- |
eil. In the second election for Pro- j
sident t?ktic place, which resulted in the 1
choice ot l'edra*/.a. Santa Anna imme- ,
diately raised an excitement iu favor of;
(Jen. (iuerero, who had been the competitor
of IVdra/.a, and li.iiiLf accused befote
Congress of intending to support the claims
of (?iicrern by force, was suspended from
It is command.
At lirst Santa Anna pretended to acquiesce
in this decision, but subsequently declared
his intentions openly, and retired
with his regiment to the Castle of IVrote.
In the meantime his emissaries, at the
capital aii<I elsewhere, were busilx engaged
in drawing over troops to his interest; and i
on the 4ili ol December, alter a severe mid '
bloody contest, which lasted lor lour davs, t
and in which about i,0U0men were killed, !
ilu.' insurgents succeeded iti taking the c.ipi- I
t:il: and Congress was compelled t< declare j
Ciuercro constitutionally circled President
of Mexico. Santu Anna was remunerated,
lor the stab he had given to constitutional
liberty, by receiving the appointment of
Secretary of war. In 1*:2!) another attempt
was made by Spain to recover the
possession of Mexico. An army was immediately
raised by order of I lie Mexican
Congress, and Santa Anna was invested
with the chief command?and soon succeeded
in driving the invaders lrom the
country. Uuerero, who had been invested,
by Congress, with dictatorial powers lor !
the purpose of carrying on ih : war, taking j
advantage of bis extraordinary power, is-j
sued a decree abolishing slavery through- i
out the republic of .Mexico. This was the ;
last political act of (luerero: lor Uusla- j
menu.-, tin.' \ ire President, who had alrea- :
dy succeeded in forming a conspiracy lor
hi# overthrow, now found but little trouble
in carrying out his plans.
After the downfall of (iuerero, Santa
Anna retired to his haciendii.
The reign of lUi-itamente was that of a j
despot, who exercised complete control
over the lives and property of his subjects ;
and Santa Anna had been busy, in his retirement,
in projecting a plan lor his overthrow.
Accordingly in January. 18:17, the oliirers
of the garrison of Vera Cruz drew up !
?? t. i... i": i?- i * '
i .limn-.'.- in mi- ? iru 1 resident censuring !
tin; conduct of his ministers and detnariding
their dismissal. At the same time Santa
Anna was invited lo assume the command
of the garrison. In the mean time agents
were despatched to various parts of the
country to persuade the dilli-rent military
forces to declare in his favor. His plans
were entirely successful. and Ijiistamente,
finding Santa Anna with a large army
within a lew leagues of the capital, resigned
his power into the hands of the national
Conyrcss, and fled from the country.
Santa Anna, in order lo put on the appearance.
of following the forms of the constitution,
calls Pedraza to the Kxecutivc chair,
whom he had deposed in favor of (iuerero
four venrs before, sind wfmcn trmn wne
about to expire, and then retired his'tt) haciendn.
At this period Santa Anna was the most
popular man iti Mexico, and had his earthly
career terminated here, his name would
have been sacred to his country men?and
he would have been cherished in their memory
as one of the brightest luminaries of
In the third election for President
under the federal constitution was held :
and Santa Anna, having no competitor,was
unanimously chosen. I le entered upon the
duties of his station by dee,!arimr his love
ol~liberty?the constitution and tlie Mexican
people, i>tit helore the expiration of a
month, lie conceived a plan to make himsell'dictator.
He visited a body of troops in
the neighborhood of the capital, to (jncll a
disturbance which was snid to exist among
them. News soon rea^h"'' *he city th*t
ipe 1 } flj?/?l.' J'
. a?...a uncling that public,,.SQQtK
ment was not folly ripe to carry out his
plan of Dictatorship, ho suffered the new
Congress to proceed in adopting such measures
as were deemed necessary to secure
the rights of the people.
Among other important measures, passed
by this Congress, was one granting equal
protection to professors of all religious
Santa Anna, having resolved to break off*
all ciinnei'tion with the liberal party,sought
to draw over the clerical party to his aid by
attempting to iniluence the ireneral council
to repeal the law ot' Congress granting
<.'<]iial protection to all religious creeds; but
finding he could not control the council, he
had recourse to pronunciarnenlos, which he
caused lo he gotten up in every town where
the clergy iud sullicient influence. Thus
fortified, Santa Aj?na proceeded to dissolve
the genera I councif his own decree ; and
through ihe influence bJL clergy, and by
posting troops at different plug's to overawe
the sulirages of the people, he procured the
cll'Cl lull ol Ilinnlll'I'C li\ I 'rviiiYi.n..s ...l.A^lVnul<l
w o i.vy wvu^iuao w u\J rvWMtVA
relied his own opinions. Congress assembled
in l&Jo, and proceeded to abolish tho constitution
of 1824. All the old States
.submitted, with the exception of Zacatecas,
which raised 5000 troops, and determined
to defend their liberties against the encroachments
of the tyrant. In order to
force this State to submit, Santa Anna procured
some of his own officers who pretended
to desert his cause?-join the Zacatecans,
and get command of their 'orces.
This treacherous plan succeeded, and Santa
Anna being apprized of its success, advanced
with a superior force, and cut to
pieces about half their number; driving tho
rcmaiudci before him into the city ot Zecatecas,
where the victors, for several days,
indulged themselves in excesses too shocking
and barous for recital. Thus fell the
constitution of Mexico, and thus was tho
torch of liberty extinguished and military
despotism established thr<ni<rh.?iir Movi?n
= '"" "'- 'I
wiili the exception of Texas. For the purpose
of extinguishing the last spark of liberty,
Santa Anna entered Texas in 183G,
at the head o( an army numbering nearly
ten thousand men, composed of the choicest
troops in the country, and began the work
of indiscriminate hutehcry. Among the
numerous murders and assassinations commilled
by this unprincipalled tyrant, none
was nmie atrocious than the butchery of
the garrison at Citdiad, in cold blood after
,hey had surrendered themselves prisoners
ol* war. Santa Anna was finally
defeated at San Jacinto by the Texan
forces under (.Jen. Houston; and himself
and about 70U of bis men tnjirb* nri?.?nf>ra
Subsequently Santa Anna returned to
.Mexico by way of tiie United States, and
succeeded in regaining his power which ho
had lost during his imprisonment in Texas,
tie afterwards l<?st his power in Mexico,
and was exiled from his country for a short
lime. During his banishment he resided
at Havana w lie re he Spent the most of his
time in e?sclc lighting.
At ihe commencement ofthe present war
between the United Slates and Mexico,
Santa Anna was recalled and appointed
(icneralissatno ol the Mexican army. On
ihe 2"2.1 February, at the head of 20,000
troops, he made an attack on (Jen. Taylor
who commanded about 5000 troops at iiuena
Vista, and after a severe and bloody
battle, Santa Anna was defeated with great
loss. He is again invested with great loss.
I le is :i??:iin invested with the Executive
power of Mexico ; and, as the war between
his country and the United States is still
going on, there is no telling what disasters
may yet befall this tyrant who has trampled
under foot the constitutional liberties ot tho
.Mexican people; and whose only ambition
Spewlj Cure for A roiuidcrcd
As soon as you find your horse is foundered,
bleed him in ths neck in proportion
to the greatness of the founder. In extreme
cases you may bleed him as long as he can
stand up. Then draw his head up as is
common in drenching, and, with a spoon,
put on his tongue, jrive stiouir salt until von
?* ( ! him to swallow one pint. I5o careful
net to let him ilrinlc too much. Then anoint
round the edges of his hoofs with spirits
of turpentine, and your horse will be well
in one hour.
A founder pervades every part ot the. system
of a horse. The fleam arrests it from
the blood, the salt arrests it from his stomaclc
and bowels ; and the spirits of turpon
tine arrests it from the feet and limbs.
I once rode a horse ninty-nine miles in
two days, returning him at night the second
day ; and his ewner **ot hav
that he had be?
uli.li 0 iio day by the ?mfjrtun?t 'Tte-viw^
in all cases < observed and practised &
above prescription. I have known 4T<n?h
dcred horse turned in at night on green
food ; in the morning ho would be well,
having been purged by the green food. All
founders must bo attended to immediately.
& W. farmer.