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" LIBERTY AND MY NATIVE SOIL."
VOLUME IV. # ?- - - ----- -- J NUMBER 20.
j ABBEVILLE C. II, S. C., JULY 14, 1847. |
Published every Wednesday Morning by
CHARLES H. > ALLEN,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
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(WRITTEN FOR TUB BANNER.)
We now, Mr. Editor, approach a point
of our suhioct nhout which \v? think thnrfi
is great contrariety of opinion, both among
the thinking and unthinking part of the
community?we mean the subject of granting
license to sell alcohol.
That grog shops are a great nuisance, we
all readily admit; but this is not the question
at issue. Will the withholding of license
promote true temperance? If it can
be shown that it will, then the duty of coun
1 _ .1 ! . * !. 1 .1 I 11
ciisauu commissioners is piain?mey snouia
not be granted. JJut on tfte other hand, if
it be shown that the refusal to grant them
will retard the cause, by conflicting with
public opinion, then their duty is equally
plain, and they should be granted. We
are thoroughly convinced, that public opinion
should here, as in all other matters of
public policy, decide the question, as it is
that opinion by which we will finally have
to be governed.
So long as there is alcohol among us?
so long as it can be. obtained bv the drink
ing class, and so long ns human nature remains
the same, the mere refusal to grant
license will not curtail its use, and consequently
an important question comes up?
will there not be more corruption produced,
both among the white and colored population,
and more dishonesty exerted in the
procuring and use of the drug, and consequently
a greater injury done the cause
than if license were granted.
Now, Mr. Editor, if this view of the subject
be at all probable, (and we think it :
ntilfn or* \ 10 nnt I* /-? /lnt?r ?
OVJ j 10 nut HIV/ uuij VI L-UU ilLUO (llill
commissioners plain ? This should not be
considered a local matter. It is one that
operates upon the whole class of society,
and will hold equally true in any section
or corporation in the Union; and since al.
cohol is still used to a lamentable extent by
a largo portion of socicty ; and since the
refusal to grant license will not check its
use, so long as it can be obtained and men
desire to drink it, it should be gold under
1 certain restrictions, as the least of the two
evils, till the time arrives when a respectar
ble man will neither keep, or be caught in,
a grocery. When ever this time comes,
i it. :II i.,I?:t .1 1 ?
;<V'. n win m nig wiiii 11 uvuuis mui win renucr
Wjf?- unnecessary to eilher grant or withhold
j^P license; for then, no man of respectability
' would engage in the traffic, and the retail
business would go down as an unavoidable
consequence. This is the only course by
which the matter of liquor drinking will
ever be brought to a happy and speedy
operation of the two first classes, and the
third, or fatal class, will give way to public
opinion. Public cttbrt will then have taken
its stand, and would no longer be vacillating
while the evil is going on. It would
be brought to bear directly upon intcmpcratice,
and the result would be obvious to us
We all wish to get rid of the evils of intemperance,
and experience has abundantly
shown not only in matters of religion, but
in all other means of reform, that it is not
expedient that men should arrogate to themselves
any power, legal or illegal, that will
conflict with public opinion, as the natural
consequence will be contention, opposition
and defeat. We should look closely to our
local prejudices and not suffer them to injuriously
influence us. When the matter
of license comes up in a neighborhood or
corporation, these matters of self interest
snoulil be closely scrutinized and our decision
given so as to produce the greatest
amount of good. This is ths spirit of the
laic on the subject of granting license. This
is placing the matter on its true merits.
Here we meet the enemy in the open field,
where every fire will lake deadly effect. The
sails, so to speak, of public opinion against
intemperance, arc all hoisted, and the mighty
and majestic superstructure triumphantly
rides over the boisterous and contending
elements of error, ignorance and superstition?with
a success worthy of the noble
enterprise. We meet the public advocate,
and he tells us temperance is onward. We
meet the dram drinker, and he says total
abstinence is a glorious thing. We see the
sot reeling in the street to-day, and to-morrow
he is repenting. We behold bitter invective
receding from the contest. We hear
less profanity and blasphemy throughout
the land. The strongholds of vice and immorality
are quaking to their centre. The
still small, but mighty, voice of the finer
sex is exerting its magic influence throughout
society. In short, a mighty wonder
working influence from on high is at the
helm, and the glorious cause needs nothing
to propel it ( nward but the heaven bornp-rin
ciplcs of love; for its object is love, the
good of mankind, and the glory of GoD.
To be Continued.
(written j oii. t1ie banner.)
That the study of this science is of great
importance even to the unscientific, will not
be doubted, at least by any one who is at all
acquainted with any of its fundamental
Iri attempting to write an article or two
upon this subject, we are aware that we
shall labor under great embarrassment?a
purely scientific article would be inappro
priate for a journal like yours.
The phrase geology, is derived from two
Greek words?the one signifying "the
earth," the other "a discourse"?hence'
phrase means a discourse on the earth. This
science supposes that the-77latter constituting
the earth, was spoken into existence by the
power of a God?that he said, let it be so,
and it was so. The science also supposes,
that the same Almighty power as the moving,
and controlling agent of all physical
causes, arranged the matter as we find
it, and not that the earth appeared in its
present fq/ja? at the end of the six days'
crcali^l is farther supposed, that the
arrangement, and before
tr !ritarnol ?i?*n
^|g ^ mrc I TTTT I UIOIU1 UUllLUj pi ?
I t volcanoes, by t'in the
M?** ^*una l?a^ maxima
lauea, 00, the Island of Ha*V
V '* * ' '& * ' ' *
*' *. ^
- V ' ?
waiIj in the Pacific. We suppose the crust
of the earth is made up of the concentric
layers referred to, and arranged as follows :
1. the Primitive ; 2. the Transition; 3.
the Secondary ; 4. the Tertiary, &c. We
do not intend to enter into a discussion, in
regard to the lapse of time which intervened,
ljptvvoon til o rl i fTr. vn n t IX v ?-*-?#? I I- ?
VW?? t>?w UIIIV/JVIM 1U1 llltiuuiic . llli^ 14 (I
mooted question, and is unnecessary to the
object we have in view. Should time permit.
we propose to continue this subject in
your next. Scientia.
Tiie Temple op Solomon.?This structure,
for beauty, magnificence, andexpence,
exceeded every building in the world. It
was built with large white marble stones,
hewn out in a most curious manner, and so
artfully joined together that they deceived
the eye and looked like one entire stone.?
Its inner walls beams, posts, doors, and ceil:
) _ r _ i I i
jugs, werii maue 01 ceuar woou, olive iree,
and planks ot fir, covered all over with
plates of gold, engraved with works of various
sorts, and adorned with most precious
jewels of many colors, disposed in a
running order, the nails which fasten these
plates arc of gold with heads of curious
workmanship. The roof was of olivewood,
covered with plate of gold, which made a
glor'ous appearance, and when the sun
shone thereon it reflected such a brigtness
as dazzled the eyes of all who beheld it.
The court on which the Temnle stood and
those without it were built on all sides with
stately buildings and cloisters, and the gates
entering therein were very beautiful and
sumptious. The vessels consecrated to the
perpetual use of the Temple were not less
noble than the pile itself. Josephus counts
one hundred and twenty thousand of them
which were made of gold, and one million
three hundred and forty thousand of silver
ten thousand vestments of silk and purple
girdles for the priests, and two millions of
purple vestments for singers. There were
likiwise two hundred thousand trumpets,
and forty thousand other musical instruments
made use of in praising God. By
Villapandus.s computation of the number
of talents of gold, silver and brass, laid out
upon the Temple, the sum amounts to six
thousand nine hundred and forty-four millions
eight hunHrod nnd twenty-two thousaud
and five hundred pounds sterling, and
the jewels are reconed to exceed this sum
and according to Chappel's reduction of the
talents contained in the gold and silver vessels
in the use of the temple, the sum of
the gold oiips amount to five hundred and
forty-five millions two hundred and nintysix
thousand and three hundred pounds
and four shillings sterling and the silver
were to four thousand and thirty millions
two hundred and forty-four thousand pounds,
and besides these there were charges for
the other materials and of forty thousand
men per month in Lebanon, to hew down
timber, seventy thousand to carry burthens,
eighty ihousand'to hew stones and three
hundred overseers who were all employed
for seven years, whom, besides their wages
and diet, Solomon gave as a free gift, six
millions seven hundred and seventy-seven
pounds. The treasure left by David, towards
carrying on this work is, Villalpandus,
reconed to be nine hundred and
forty-four millions four hundred and sixteen
thousand, two hundred and seven pounds
to which if we add Solomon's annual revenue,
his trading to Ophir for gold, and the
presents made him by all the earth, as mentioned
1 K. 10, 24, 15, we are not to wonder
at his being able to carry on so expensive
a work, nor can we without impiety
question its surpassing ail other structures
since we learn from 1 Chron. 24, that it
was built by the directions of Heaven.
The Great Rock at Gidralter.?
Gibralter is seven or eight miles in length,
from North to South, and not half a mile
wide m the widest part. It is every where
precipitous, and in some parts perpendicular.
Nature and art have combined to make it
impregnable. The great works are on the
Western Iront. The other sides, from their
shape, bid dcfiance to attack. The name
is formed from the Arabic words, gibel al
Tariff (the height, or rock of Tar if,) since
Spw^. wocewn; ttv.^Spanwd. were
.&?:: ' . '
W^^ VMt 'iamaiiCTr .-_ca?r.~r* ?- run..
obliged to surrender it, in August 4. 1704
to the British Admiral Rooke and Prince
George of Darmstadt, then Imperial Field
Marshall and Viceroy of Catalonia, who
appeared unexpectedly before this fortress
in May of the same year. King Philip of
Anjott caused it to be attacked upon the
land side, October 12, 1704, \vi?.h 10,000
men, at a point where the fortification is
Cfiniliwlpil with tlin tun in Inrwl h?r ? * '/-? "
?J .1 ..HI
sandy ncck, so fortified by the English, that
the Spaniards called the gate offire. At
the same time Gibralter was blockaded
from the sea by Admiral Poycs, with a fleet
of tweny-four vessels. Just when it wos
reduced to extremity, it reccive assistance
from the English and Dutch fleet under
Admiral Leake. The blockade by land
continued without any results till the conclusion
of the peace of Utrecht, in 171G.?
Since then England has omitted nothing to
render this fortress absolutely impregnable.
Indeed it is the bulwark of her Mediterranean
trade. By it she prevents Russia from
uniting her Northern and Southern fleets.
Spain again beseiged it, march 7, 1727, but
raised the seige on the approach of Admiral
TIT ? - ? "
wager, wiin 11 ships ot the Jme. She
then offered Uvo inillons sterling for the delivery
of the place, but in vain; and by a
compact at Seville, in 1729, she agreed to
renounce all her claims on it. Still Spain
endeavored to prevent all entrance to the
fortification. In the war which broke out
between England and Spain, in 1779, the
last attempt was made for the r-icovory of
Gibraiter. It was secured to England by
the peace of 1783. Since then the efforts
of the French and Spanish to take the place
have been altogether futile. Gibraiter lias
a population of about 14,000, consisting of
British, Spaniards, Italians, Jew and Moors.
The narrowest part of the Straits is fifteen
An Incident at a Funeral u long
time ago.?In the Literary History of the
United Kingdom, in the last number of the
North American Review, we find the following
incident related us having taken
place at the burial of William the Conqueror.
These anecdotes of olden times are not
familiar with one, and they are interesting
for that reason :?
Just as the body was about to be lowered
into the grave, a man came forward, crying
out?u Clerks and bishops! this ground is
mine. Upon it stood the house of my father.
The man for whom you pray wrested
it from me to build thereon his church.
1 have neither sold my land nor mortgaged
it, nor have I forfeited it, nor made any
grant whatsoever of it. It is mv right, and
I claim it. In the name of Gc 1 I forbid
you to lay the body of the spoiler therein,
or to cover it with my clay." All present
confirmed the truth of the man's words.
The bishops told him to approach, and making
a bargain with him, delivered him
sixty sols, as the price of his sepulchre only,
engaging to indemnify him equitably for
the rest of thft ground.
The corpse had been dressed in the royal
habit and robe, but it was not in a coflin.
On its being placed in the grave, whose
sides consisted of masonry, and which was
found to be too narrow, it became necessary
to force it down, which caused it to burst.
Incense and perfumes were burned in 1
abundance, but without avail. The crowd
dispersed in disgust, and the priests themselves
hurrying the ceremony, soon desert- '
ed the church.
A letter from Constantinople states thnt
at the end of April a number of articles, in
gold and silver, were discovcd not far below
the surface of the ground, at the town of ''
Lepsec. the ancient Lambsacus, in Asia
Minor. Amongst these object, which are
supposed to have been employed in the worship
of Diana, are 40 silver spoons with \
i . .11 _ .1 1_ I . l _ .1
square nnnuies, una mucn larger uian mosc
u&ed in modern days; a female bust terminates
each handle, and the word Artemis,
one of the names of Diana, is perceptible '
on several of them; each weighs about 750
grammes?a round salvar in silver, nearly
four feet in diameter, weighing 37 kilogrammes,.540
grammes having the figure of a
woman engraved on it, with a fox, a pea- 1
coclc. and a parrot near her, and two lions '
' .''J -1
"V wiso man makot, all his passions^!
subservient to hi? reason."
\v - > - - <> *
*V ' - ' '
Writino Paper.?I have been asked the
derivation and application of the term cap
Cap, as applied to paper, is of modern use
entirely, at least in certain parts of the U.
States. Not more than thirty years since
1 was familiar with the phrase Foolscap,
and I distictly recollect how " cap," its abbreviation,
grated on my ear, upon the first
hearing it, as much so as " pike," for turn*
pike, does yet.
The qtiestion is thus shifted to what is the
origin of the phrase foolscap as applied to
urvilinrr *r\m? V* o !*
Milting j/'lj/ui J WlliLU I1UO UVJI HO WIllO UU1IIU
so long, that iis origin is lost to most persons.
The Kings of England, from Edward
if not earlier, granted various monopolies,
either for the support of the government, or
to enrich favorites. One of these was the
exclusive right to manufacture paper, granted
by the fir.st Charles. On the finer kinds,
as a species of notice of the monopoly, the
royal arms of England formed the watef
mark. Vast sums were of course made
upon this exclusive privilege to make and
vend an article in such general use.
All these monopolies were swept away
by the Parliament which brought Charles
to the scaffold, and in this particular case,
by wav of showing their contrmnt fnr th?
f <j o - r * ""w
monarch, they directed the royal arms to be
taken from the paper, as they had already
been from sign posts, public halls, &c., substituting
a fool, with his cap and bells, as
the effigy. This was done in 1G49.
Most of the manuscripts written between
that period and 1G80 bear, accordingly, ?9
a water mark, a fool wearing the dress, described
as his costume in the court of the
Britsh monarchs. Cromwell, when made
Lord Protector, changed the water mark by
substituting a dragon, grasping in his claws
arrows of fire, and afterwards putting his
nnnt (if nrmc iti ite nli>>o TMc otill ?(?/??
sionally appears. ?
Charles II, at the restoration, replaced the
royal arms, and enlarged the size of thet
sheet which was much smaller than wo
see in modem days.
In England, paper of the size which the
rump parliament ordered for their Journals,
bearing the fools-cap effigy, is still in existence,
and the title, as in many othei things,
is still retained for ordinary writing paper,
centuries after the reason for it has ceased,
<uiu nuw scivus, its u win survu lur ageSj U7
designate all writing paper in ordinary use,
as distinguished from paper designed to bo
folded in the form of letters.
This last class of writing paper has been
reduced greatly in length and widened
somewhat to adapt it for a convenient shape
in folding, and still bears its original name
of post paper, applied to it from the mail or
post by which letters were conveycd to their
So recently has the United States mader
its own paper,, that most pf our early letters
written in the west even as late as 1800,
bear the impress of the royal arms. St,
Clair. Harmar, Wilkinson, and wayne's
letters are all of this description.
fli e/'e Aili'nrl i c/iy
The Almond Blossom.?" Dear mamma,"
said a lovely little girl to her mother^
as they were walking alone in the garden,
"why d.) you have so few of those beautiful
double almonds in the garden 1 You have
hardly a bed where there is not a tuft of
violets, and they are so much plainer I what
can can be the reason ?"
" My dear child," said llie mother, "gather
me a bunch of each. Then I will tell
,?i.? t ?i._ i i-i :-i-? ??
yuu ?vny 1 yiuitl lilt: llUIllt/lt: VIUIOI."
The little girl ran off. and soon returned
with a line bunch of tho beautiful almond
and a few violents."
Smell ihem my love," said her mother
;:and see which is the sweetest,"
The child smelled again and again, and
:ould scarcely believe herself that the lovely
almond had no scent; while the plain
violet had a delightful odor. .
il Well my child, which is tho sweetBun'kkr
Hill Monument.?It appears UM
Bunker Hill Monument Asso&iatton held [
on the 17th, that over 20,000 persons as- KM
cended the monument during the past year,
,* .%. '*' * ' "i"" 91 i
hft kJTwfle ''"ProSJIvfi, .
HJ* -X ?j ' '