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44 LIBERTY AND 3IY NATIVE SOIL."
VOLUME IV. ' - - -- ! NUMBER 22,
ABBEVILLE (X IL, S. C., JULY 28, 1847. !
i ' ' ' . !
Published every Wednesday Morning bv
CHARLES II. ALLEN,
KDITOlt AM) l'UOPKlKTOK.
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(REPORTED FOR THE AIUIKVILLE BANNER.)
Cclcbi'iiliou oi Hie Itlt of July,
The company assembled (about three
hundred) by 11 o'clock. CjI. Gaskin was
nominated President ol.the day, John CothI.'\~:it~
11 :.i ..... ?j n/r t i
Ian, ? iuu i rcsiuciu, u.iici major JOlin
Gibson, Marshal of the day. The Marslial
formed the citizens in a line at the
church, and marched to the seats, where
# the Declaration of Independence was read
by Capt. Capt. J. Irwin, and Mr. Charles
"Pelot addressed the assembly
After apologising for the poorness of his
address?owing 10 the very brief time he
had to prepare it, (four days,) he
said, " When we assemble ourselves
to cclebrate the birth day of freedom, 1
think wo should be addressed on the sub
iect?it shows our veneration for liberty?
it serves as a refresher to our memory, as
enlightenment to the rising generation, and
it makes patriotism bum brighter on the
altars d( our hearts. The paper you have
just heard read, declared to the world, seventy-one
years ago, that we were free and
independent. Our fathers, with their
- swords, established our title to the claim,
and gave us a place .among the nations of
the earth. The politicians arid statesmen
of Europe proptrvsiea tnai our government
\vould not stand?we would be presently
precipitated in anarchy and confusion.
Mankind, they said, could not be held together
without more restraint thtln our laws
imposed ; and that the freedom which our
government guarantied to its citizens.would
destroy it. Hut, fellow-citizens, here we
are, celebrating this glorious day, in our
own free woods, living monuments of the
fallacy of this prediction. Instead of being
our own destroyers, we have increased with
our years, and now proudly stand the
greatest nation on earth." After showing
our claims to greatness, as a brave, warlike,
generous, patriotic, talented,' scientific,
&c., &c., nation, he then spoke of General
Taylor; his closing remark about him
was:?" This man fears nothing but a
guilty conscience and his God. We hold
him up to the world as a general unrivalled."
He next drew our attention to Mr. Calhoun
as follows:?'* But, fellow-citizens, let us
contemplate one still nearer to us?one
whom South Carolina proudly claims?one
who claims nativity in our own Abbeville.
Look at John C. Calhoun, standing, as he
does, exalted above his fellows ; yet destitute
of all pride, save that patriotic pride of
serving his country : free from all ambition,
but the laudable ambition of promoting his
country's greatness, and preserving inviolable
her constitution. Fellow-citizens, it
would be presumption for such as me to
attempt to eulogise such a man. The
world respects him?all wise men show
great deference to his opinion. Long may
he live, not only for his usefulness, but as
;/r an ornament to our country and example
e tc the rising generation. And yet. telloweitizens,
this great man is neglected, is pas|v...
sed by and his inferiors put over him. Our
country does not appreciate his talents.
But do we hear him complaining ? do wo
see him retiring from her service in dis/
gust? No. There he is, not uttering one
. - word of complaint, serving his country at
faithfully as though she had headed upon
* ^ >
him all the honors ho merits. And why is
he so zealous in her service ? Js it because
he expects to be exalted to the presidential
chair? No; but should our country ever
have the gratitude, or the wisdom, to place
him there, it would be no exaltation to him,
the place would not honor hiin, but he
would honor the place. Our country would
be more honored by the world, and may be.
the means o( averting a heavy calamity that
threatens us in the vista of futurity ;?that
love of liberty which fired up the breasts of
our torefalhers?that pure A more Patrie
which is indigenous to our clime?that philanthropy
which all good men fuel, burns
brightly in his breast, and prompts him to
do all he can for his country and his kind."
Speaking of the ladies, he said :?' And
are these all of which we can boast ? No.
feilow-citizens : we have another, and
that other we esteem far above all the
rest?it is from that, all the rest emanate.
Our greatest boast?our great ornament, is
our fair country women?heaven's last
and choicest gift to man. Unrivalled in
appearance, tnild and gentle, yet firm in
disnositiou. modest, r.nllrlpniis. nnd nHiililr*
in manners, and of a highly refined literary
character. We throw down the gantlet to
the world, aud fear no competition. It is
irom the matrons of our land that we imbibe
all the noblr qualities we possess.
Early impressions arc strongest; and that
love of liberty?that love of country?that
love of probity?in fine, that love of every
thing that is noble honorable and refined
?that we sec so soon budding in our children,
is imparted to them by their mothers,
with the first dawning of intellect, net only
by precept, but by example. On this part
of my subject I would delight to linger, but
I fear I have already wearied you, and I
apprehend my fair auditresscs would accuse
me of that 1 am not addicted to?flattery.''
After speaking" of party spirit and
the abolition question, lie closed as follows:
"Ours is too glorious a government to be
endangered by party strife. Where is the '
man that is not exalted by being an inha> j
bitant of the United States? Where the
heart does not pulsate with manlv orLbvai.-being
called a citizen or our great rcpuulic? ,
May all questions of strife be hushed?may ,
party animosity die?may the whole nation
be as one man in preserving our constitution
and perpetuating our government?
.may generations yet unborn celebrate the
4th of July as the birth day of liberty?and
at the end of all things, may our glorious
i. " . 1 .1 I . , n
tree government ue me last 10 pass away.
Mr. Pelot declined having his addre&s
published; and it was with great reluctance
that he consented to the above extracts
Period order and harmony prevailed during
the day, and the company dispersed
with reluctance at a late hour. The following
toasts were prepared for the occasion
1. The 4th of July, 177G.?The birth
day of liberty.
2. The Old Thirteen.?Liberty bad no
resting place on earth, until they, with their
swords, erected a temnle for her in our own
3 The Declaration of Independence*?
It told the world that we dared resist oppresison,
and would be free.
4. Our Constitution.?Imposing equal
burdens, and giving equal privileges, to all
the sisters. '
5. South Carolina.?The birth place of
liberty's lile guard. We contend for no
more than the (Sonstitution guaranties to us,
and that we will have.
6. Our Negro Slaves.?The happiest
and richest of the laboring class of mankind.
Massa gibs rne plenty meat, bred
and lasses fa eat, good house to lib in and
plenty good clothes; but nomo looke my
long tail coat, me boots, an me uinbrel, wid
all de rest ob me Sunday (ixins. I by um
wid my own money. Loolcu me pig, me
rooster, me cotton patch, an me dog ; plenty
. ob coons in de swamp, and plenty ob time
for hunt um. Wha^wha, wha !
7." Massachusetts.?The hot bed of Ab- |
olitionism. Peopled, as it was, by those
who ever showed how greedy they were for
power to tyranise over their fellow man.
. What better can we expect from their sons?
The fathers have eaten sour grapes?the
* ohildren's teeth are ott edge. ,
1 8. The Abolitionists.?Were these fanatical
hypocrites, who uso religion as a cloak
to get power, possessed of philanthropy,
they would lind enough to do in relieving
the distress of their own laboring class.
!). Our War icitk Mexico.?We have
proved to the- world that the best soldiers
are the free citizens of the United States.
10. Mexico.?The time is nnnr :iI limn!
when she will Mess us fur whipping her into
11. Ireland.?Our sympathy lor that
tld'-ncMl people, go to them in a very substa
Tiincs.?May it continue its upwan
se until it reaches the zenith, and
the lu cn.
1U. Our own Neighborhood.?May pcace
and harmony ever prevail among us. We
will ever be found as one man in resisting
oppression and defending our rights.
IJy T. St v ken.? Old Hough and Heady:
May h<; always be "rough" to the eneiny,
kind to his soldiers, and be our next
(WRITTEN' FOR Till. AUIU-..VII.LU BANNER.)
G KOhOGVj NO. 3.
For the. present, we shall take our leave
of the primitive region, and pass on to the
transition series. We may return after a
while, to draw a lew more practical inferences.
We again ask our readers to bear
in mind, that this was our primary object
when we commenced writing.
Under the arrangement we arc pursuing, ;
the transition class consists of 1. Argillite;
2. CalciteiouslSand Rock; 3. Metaliferous j
Lime Rock; 4. Gray Wacke; 5. Old (
Red Sand Stone. I
i ins class ol rock contains organic re- ]
mains, or petrifactions, from the lowest class '
of the animal, and vegetable kingdoms. \
It is worthy of remark, however, that theee (
petrifactions are invariably maratime, and
never derived from fresh water, or dry land. 1
This class of roclts must have been formed j
then, subsequent to the creation of the plants,'
and animals imbedded in them. This (
would seem to be undeniably true. Roof 1
Slate is a variety of argillite, and need not <
be sought for any where else. Anthracite, s
a. variety of coal is associated with argillite, j
? j 1- - ' ? '
u.wu ^aiuiicruua aauu-rocKj Jnaeeci, S0ia?,.4
fts we baVfc'been able to investigate the t
matter, it has never been found in the TTni. 1
stance is useful for various purposes, in the
arts, and sciences it is certainly of some i
practical importance to know where it may 1
be found. "With our present knowledge it J
would be sheer nonsense to search for it
any where else, than in a transition country. t
This article is used in place of wood, or (
char coal, for smelting iron ore, for burning 1
lime, for the manufacture of salt, and it j
often constitutes the coloring matter for ,
printers ink, an article with which you Mr. ;
Editor arc some what laminar. I? rom the (
name of the third rock in the series, it will 1
1 m I
be seen that we have lime stone associated
with the class under consideration, some of j
which is very good for making lime. The
fourth rock in order is important in some rc- 1
spects : Most of the Grind Stones, and Hone '
Stones of commerce are obtained from it.
It will be seen at a glance, however, that ]
tire transition rocks arc not as important as <
the pripiilivc in many respects, at least in '
this country. It is said that the silver mines !
of South America are associated with mela- 1
liferous lime rock. If this be the case, it is
certainly worth the labor necessary, for a i
thorough investigation wherever this rock
n l 7VT . 1 A * li (
is lounu in rNorin America, it musj^jyc
borne in mind that this rock cannof be
found in a primitive region?hence we
shall probably never find much silver in
Last Moments op-Men of Genius.?
Rousseau, when dying-Sfflered his attendants
to place him before hisfavindow that
he might^nce more behold his1 garden, and
bid adietfip nature. Roscommonfjjttered at
the moment he expired, two hnef;6f his own
version d!T:^4J|ies irae." Jtiaiierjaiea leeung
his pulse, alftU when . he^fou nd it almost
gone, turning rovfcj$j)r0lfaer physician said.
My fi iend the artery ceases to beat," antP
died. Petrarch was found dead in his library,
leaning'on a book. Bede died in
the act of dictating. Herder closed his career
writing an ode to the Deity, his pert on
the last line. Waller died repeating some
Knes of Virgil. Tasso's dying request to
Cardinal Cynthia was indicative of the
gloom which haunted him through life.
I Ic had one favor, ho said, to request of him,'
which was, that lie would collect his works
and commit them to the flames, especially
his Jerusalem Delivered. Leibnitz was
found dead in his chamber with a book in
his hand. Clarendon's pen dropped from
his lingers when ho was seized with the
palsy which terminated his life. Chaucer
died ballad making. His lust production he
entitled 1C A Ballad made by Geoliry Chauccron
hisdeathbed lying in great anguish."
Wyeherley, when dying, had his young wife
brought to his bed-side, and having taken
her hand, in a very solemn manner said he
had but one reouest t<? of Iwm* -.nil
that was, that *he would never inarry an
old man again. Keats a little before he
died, when his friend as Iced him how he
did, replied, in a low voice, " Better, my
friend ; 1 feel the daisies growing over me."
Bonaparte's Burial Place.?The solitude
of Napoleon, in his exile and his tomb :
has thrown another kind of spell over a brilliant
memory. Alexander did not die m
sight of Greece; he disappeared amid the
pomp of distant Babylon. Napolean did
not close h's eyes in the presence of France;
he passed away in the gorgeous horizon of
the torrid zone. The man, who has shown
himself in snMi nnwovlul ? 1 '
... WMN/A* |/vnuiiui luuuivj vaiu^iiuu
like a dream; his life, which belonged to
history, co-operated in the poetry of his death.
E-le now sleeps forever, like a hermit apart,
beneath a willow, in a narrow valley, sursounded
by steep rocks, at the extremity of
a lonely path. The depth of the silence,
which presses upon him, can only be compared
to the vastuess of that tumult which
had surrounded him. Nations are absen.t .;
their throng has retired: The bird of the
tropics, harnessed to the car of the sun, as
BufTon magnificently expressed it, speeding
liis flight downwards- from the planet of
[iffht. rests alonp fnr a mnmant
o # -w ?? iiVIIJUli VIOI tnu
ishes, the weight of which has shaken the
equilibrium of the globe.
Bonaparte crossed .the ocean, to repair
.0 his final exile, regardless of that beautiful
*ky which deijfi^ted Columbus. Vascode
3ama ^4'.^"^oen3* Stretched upon the ;
.hip's'kefh, he perceived not that unknown i
jtfusteliuiions were sparkling over his head,
rlis powerful glance," for the first time," en-.
:ountefft<^^R?rays. What to him were <
itaiw which no had never seen from his bi- J
rouacks, and which had never shown over I
lis empire? Nevertheless not one of them 1
?as failed tovfUlfil its destiny : one half of ]
he firmamem^feadits light over bis cradle; <
he other half was reserved to illumine his ']
r-" "hr^Ckat eaub riand.
H0LL0W"WjHB i' hhi i ,
r. nrrniint r?f ?.h? Tfivfls " fluin"i f IP.~-rl
rsed at the battle'cf San Jacinto we find in
m exchange. papetf; It bea'te Ringgold's all
lollow : y
" Sam Houston's flying artillery used at
lie battle of San Sacinto was one four pounler,
lashed with a piece of raw hide to the
jaclc of a Jackass. When the piece was
lischarged it would throw him forward 011
lis face with such force as to detain him in
.hat positfon until the piece was re-loaded,
md as lie rose and brought it within range
Dfthe Mexicans, the match was applied and
lway went the animal 011 his face and
knees, and away went thunder and flame
ind death-dealing balls, and away weftt
II1U iVlCAJUUIlS. 11U11U1
This was the memorable hollow ware
furnished by the Texas sympathisers of
Cincinnati at the suggestion of Gen. It. T.
Lyttle. tfMr. Chairman," said the General;
u I am conscious that it would be a violation
of neutrality for us to send munitions
af war to Texas, But, sir, we can send
them hollow, ware." The yell of delight
which followed the suggestion, stili rings
rn my ears."
The hollow ware was sent as well as a
young man to serve it. The piece of flying
artillery won the battle of San Jacinto.
The battle of San Jacinto achieved the independence
of Texas ; Texas independence
led to Texas annexation; and Texas annexation
to war with Mexico ; and the war
with Mexico may make Z'ahary Taylor
president of the United States.
That single phrase ' hollow ware." accomplished
all this, besides other and more
distant aesultsyet in the woml) of thefnturc.
What magic dwells in a sin'gle word at
Starting in the World.?There is a
great deal depending on young~men having
the right kind of a start, when they first begin
in life for themselves. The majority
of young men thinlc it decidedly to their
advantage to make a great show the first
onset. They wish to do o large amount of
capital on a small capital; and quite too
mnnvnfthp.m sfit nn hnainAsq nn n harrowed
capital. This is the most absurd idea of all.
Perhaps not one in ten ever succeeds in
business who starts after this manner.?
Trading on borrowed capital, i* like marrying
a fashionable lady Soy your wife >ere
- v- ' . ?
you are aware of it she will get you deeply
involved in debt. Just .so it is in trading oil
other men's money ; the more you trade the
worse you ai'e ofij generally speaking.
There are few exceptions, however. The
only sure way is, to bring your business,
within your means, and then it becomes
very easy to figure your loss and gain;
and if yOu are forlunale enough to gain it,
it is yours.
Parents are generally somewhat to
blame about this matter. They will give
their sons a large amount of money, in order
to set them up to advantage, and by so
doing put a damper on their ambition. A
young man for instance at the age of twenty-one,
coming in possession of two or three
thousand dollars at once, is very likely to
prove his downfall. Let a young man begin
with nothing but his hands, and if there
is any ambition about him, lie will be sure
to succeed. He know ho hits to figure and
calculate lor himself. When he gets a
hundred dollars, he will know how to keep
it. All that is required of parents id to instill
good principles into the mind of their
children', give them a good education, and
this done, more has been done than silver,
or gold can do.
A Wild Max.?The Halifax (N.
Herald of the 7(li instant, contains the following
singular narrative :
Considerable interest has been created
within the last lew days past, by the arrival
in this city, on 'iV.esday last, of a wild man
who had been discovered in the wood at
Cape Breton, in a state of nudity. For".the
short time this strange individual has been
in the Poor's Assylum, he has received numerous-visits,
and although in a condition
of a complete barbarism, begins to afford
encouragement that attempts to civilize
him, may not be altogether hopeless.
He is both deaf and dumb, and hrs appearance
is extremely -haggard. He remains
rrenorallv?wfrhp.tlior ownlm *>>
?in a sitting position; His skin is considerably
shrivelled. from constant exposure to
the weather, and his Whole deportment resembles
more an inferior ariimal than a liuiman
being. .-is*#. *? -.
When food.is oflered him, he seizes,..and
pressing it into his -mouth with both hands,
devours it ravenously lie is remarkably
fond of salt which lie cats in lafge quantities.
The first steps towards civilization
liave been partially successful; he having
[earned the use of a spoon, aricTto a limited
Extent allowed his body to be covcred with ^
It is said that the.parents of this singular
character emigrated some years ago to Syd
nl h'J1 Jhb v t)cr
his parent's residence a numbcr oF^i^jia
time, until compelled for want of fbbd, to'
return home; and on the (loath of his paparcnts,
ho took up his abode in the forest
altogether, until the time of his capture.
Links of Advice.?Never speak of natural
defects in the company of the deformed.
Utter no word that will wound the feelirrgs
of those wno are in humble circumWhen
attacked by vulgar and brutal Epp^ji|
language, be as mild as possible in your reLaiugh
not al those who make and awkward
appearance, remembering what you
Would have been without the polish! of
Ridicule riot the aged and infirm. "- 1
You may live to be old.
Spurn not a person with a darker skin
than your own. God, not man, is answerable
If possible, take sides with the weak.
The powerful will never lack supporters.
Love your neighbors?serve your maker?
exert a good influence, and prepare for a v
better world.?Boston Olive Branch.
CorPER. ane Silver Mines, Mexico, &c.
-?The London Mining Journal ofthe 12ih -
ult. contains full statements af the operations
in the various mines, at Iiia^as, Guanaxuato,
the Balonos, Copiapo Delmontees,v-;
&c. Alexander Harvey and the Mihael
Williams had arrived at Swansea, in South
Wales, with 710 tons copper ore, and four
tons silver ore, to bo the're smelted.* Copper
ore, value $240,000, was sent to Swansea,
Wales, to be srrfelted last year from'Australia.
The race of mankind would perish did^c'V
they cease to aid each other. , Prom
time that the mother binds the child's head, -s.' ?
till the moment that some kind assistant
wipes the death damp from the brow of tho
dying, we cannot exist without mutual
help. All therefore that need aid, have a
right to ask it from their fellow lnorjtals ;
no one who holds the power of granting,; 1 ,
can refuse it without guilt.
Sir Wall*r Scoll,
, -jv": ST v"$