Newspaper Page Text
ABBEVILLE C. 11., S. C.:
Wednesday, July ii?, IS-IT.
Rail Road meetings.
Wc understand the meetings which were
to have taken place at New Salem and
Green wocd, came off last week in good order,
and there was a good deal of enthusiasm
manifested. All that section of country
is anxious for the construction of a
1 1 til ?..i 1 i__ mi.
ruuu, unu win cuu.iv,! i u?j uuguiy. jl no
Commissioners appointed to open books for
the subscription of stock, will be ready on
Monday next to receive subscriptions, and
the books will be kept open three days.
AVc trust all who feel an interest in this mattor.
and in the prosperity of old Abbeville,
will coinc forward and subscribe. We understand
about seventy-live thousand dollars
have already been subscribed.
Examination oi lite Female
Wc had the pleasure of attending the examination
of the students in the Female
Academy at this place under the control of
the Rev. D. M. Turner, 011 Monday and
Tuesday last, and were much pleased with
the exercises. The young ladies acquitted
themselves handsomely ; and by the accuracy
and promptness of their answers,
showed that they were thoroughly drilled
in the several branches upon which they
were examined. We were particularly
pleased with the examination of a large
class in grammar; and although many ol
the members of it. were verv voung, evinJ
ced such a knowledge of it, as to reflect the
highest credit upon pupils and teacher. We
think the patrons of this Academy may
congratulate themselves upon being able to
procure the services of so competent a teacher
as the Reverend gentleman now at its
head, and should by all means endeavor to
sccure him in the situation.
The examination of the smaller scholars,
uiuler the charge of Miss Harrison, was alsc
very, gratifying to the parents. They were
examined in reading and spelling, and acquitted
ihcmselves very well.
Latest from Mexico.
The news from Mexico is menure ant
unsatisfactory. The most important item
however, is the rejection by the Mexicar
Congress of Mr. Buchanan's peace propo
sitions; and although this rrn"rt?
^----^nrC^eoriect. no alternative will be left our
government but to resort to more vigorous
measures than have yet been used ; a temporizing
policy will not avail us any thing
with these sulky, sullen Mexicans, and it
is literally throwing pearls before swine to
make offers of peace to them. There impression,
doubtless, is to wear out our armp'vj
'* ... '
ies by avoiding to fight, and at the same
time refuse to listen to terms of peace ; but
in the American soldiers thev are mistaken,
r.F - ~ *
and they will find them composed of ma
>v; . . tcriai too stern to yield one inch. Our go'?
-vernmcnt has certainly done much to re f
' store peace, and we trust the last proposition
has been made, and that "the dogs oi
war" will now be let loose in earnest upon
Gen. Scott was still, at the latest 4ates,
at Puebla, and it was reported that he was
, to take up his line of march for the capital
on the 28th ult.
Jtsy ibc arrival of the steamer Britannia,
^at Boston, we have *5 days later news from
Europe. The political intelligence is of
little interest, with the exception of the dc0
; fcat of M. Guizot, in the Chamber ot Deputies,
on proposing to reduce the duties on
salt, which was carried in opposition to the
was considerable activity in the
cotton market, and the price had advanced
< l-4d. per lb. During the first three days
of the week ending 27th June, 192 ships,
? ^mostly laden with corn and provisions* ar..
' rived in London, from various f< reign ports.
.' ' And from the 25th of May up to the 4th
of June, 1^237 vessels, laden with bread j?.'
**k* ;'. stuffs, passed through the straits of Gibralter,
from the Mediterranean^ The
intelligence from Ireland is somewhat
more favorable; food is becoming
plentifol'and1 cheaper,, and the pirospectB for
an abundant harvest were fine. Fever
* and destitution still prevailed in the district
of Sligo to a lamentable extent,
'^"V.,'An ' : *'
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Times ill 1728 and 1817*
In tearing down the old Bank of North
America, several relics of former days have
been brought to light. The Evening Bulletin
has been furnished with a copy of the
American Weekly Mercury, dated Nov
28, 1728, found in a corner of the garret,
from which it extracts the following advertisement
T . _ 1 f . T 1 .4 t
jusi arnveu, nom l^onuon, 111 uie snip
Borden, W. Harbert, Commander, a parcel
of young likely men servants, consisting
of husbandmen, joiners, brick-layers, tailors.
stay-makers, butchers, chain-makers,
and several other trades, and are to be sold j
very reasonable, either lor ready money, j
wheat, bread or flour, by Edward Heme, i
When hot-headed fanatics and abolition- ,
ists lift the veil of the past and view these j
things, what grounds have they for taunt- j
ing the South? And when human beings !
are thus bartered, how small the estimate
placed upon them ?
Ercrtioii of a JVIouiiiiMMti.
The editors and printers of Boston arc j
making eflorts to erect a suitable monument j
to Stephen Daye, the first American prin- '
The Washington Union employs the 1
1 .* ' * i
iouowmg cmpnanc language in relation to
the alleged diflioufty between (Jen. Scott
and Mr. Trist. It says :
" It is a fact, that .Mr. Trist had no powers
to conclude an armistice, and to arrest ;
military operations, until (according to the
principle of Mr. Buchanan's letter to Com ;
Conner, of July 27, 1840,) a treaty shall i
have been ratified by Mexico. It is also a
fact, that no authority was given to override j
and supersede Gen. Scott, nor to treat the j
General with the slightest indignity or con- j
tempi ufhis military functions. It is equal- !
ly untrue, as we understand, that, the gov- !
ernment has 'abandoned' the position which
it originally took in relation to Gen. Scott
and Mr. Trist."
fcif The Boston Transcrint of tlm 1 fiili
inst., says that a most distressing casualty
took place on Sunday, at Northampton.
Immediately after the afternoon service, a
young man 17 years of age, clerk in a dry
? goods store in Northampton, went into the
office of Dr. Thompson to visit a friend
, a student of medicine under Dr. T. The
student was lying on a couch near the win>
dow, and ill sport took up a gun which he
thought he knew to be unloaded, aimed it at
his friend, pulled the trigger and shot him
dead upon the spot! The unfortunate au[
thor of this shocking calamity became at
UIlto a. luvtug maniac a;iu HO cuminueu up
J to the hour of the departure'of the cars this
. morning. ~
J?m.-rrmcnJdr .-?^Permit me, through you,
1 to make my profound acknowledgments to
' your Alcoholic-correspondent, for his very
> flattering notice of my recent "attempt to instruct
the people." Were I not 011 the eve
of a journey, which will occupy several
weeks, I should certainly aflord an employment
for his "elegant leisure5' and exuberant
charity, by submitting some of my crudities
to the destructive distillation of his
law, lore, and logic. But, if I may be so
bold, I will ask leave, as I have been docki
eted, lisum:pro:" to "enter an appearance"
at the Fall Term. T.
P33 At a meeting of the citizens of I
Loundesville and vicinity, 011 Monday" the
26th instant, on motion of John Broxvnlee,
John Speer, Esq., was called to the Chair,
and W. It. Sanders appointed Secretary.
The object of the meeting being briefly
stated by the Chairman, it was moved and
seconded that a committee of five be appointed
to make arrangements for a meet
ing for the purpose of taking into consideration
the propriety of petitioning the Le
gistature for an appropriation, for the improvement
of the navigation of the Savannah
river?whenr the following' gentlemen
wcie appointed : Messrs. John Brownlee,
Geo. Graves, 11. M. Davis, A. B. Arnold,
and W. R. Sanders. After retiring (or deliberation,
the Committee appointed a meeting
to be held at Loundesville, the 14th
August next, for that purpose.
The members of the Legislature, and
citizens generally, who feel an interest in
the matter, arajrequested to attend.
Addresses may be expected by the Hon.
mmiv UIIU UIUOIS.
JOHN SPEER, Chairman. <
W. R. Sawders, Secretary.
A Depkaved People.?The officers of
Col. Donaphan's regiment, who have returned
to his country, state that throughout NewMexico
unrestrained concubinage is a recognised
feature of the social system, and
that the obligations of wedlock- are utterly
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FROM MEXICO. |
From Ocncral Scott's Army.
Council of War in General Scott's Camp?
Order to March updn Mexico?March
Countermanded?Santa Anna's Preparations?the
Column of Honor?The
Republicano upon Mexican Victories, <$'C.
T>__ .1 -f m _ . - -? ? - '
ijy my v/uy vi jLampico we yesieraay received
a coj?y of El Republicano, from the
city of Mexico, of the 30tli of June; also
the number of the 28th, which was missing
from our previous file. Both papers contain
rhatter of gfreat interest.
A postscript in the paper of the 28th contains
a report of the proceedings of a council
of war said to have been held in General
Scott's camp on Thursday, the 24th, the
business of which was to determine whether
or not to advance upon the cipital. One
general, whose name is liot given, is said 10
have argued that it would be imprudent,
nay, an act of madness to advance upon
the city with less than twenty thousand
men ; that upon the supposition that every
thing should work favorably for them, it was
evident that they could not enter the capital
without resistance ; .md that supposing in
their different engagements they should lose
Imlf nf tlioir F/\rr?r* r\t* ?nnrn clmnM l?r\
leit with some four thousand men, with
which number it was extremely hazrdous
lo attempt to hold so populous a city.
Gen. Worth was of a different opinion,
lie maintained that every invader who hesitated
was lost; that in their situation a single
retrograde movement involved the most
disastrous consequences, and that this had
already been proved. He added proudly
that six or eight thousand Americans were
sufficient to conquer twenty thousand Mexicans
; that their triumph was certain and
there was no reason for not passing 011 Gen.
Scott and others are said to have approved
the^e sentiments, so that it was at last determined
that they should commence the forward
movement on the 2Sth; but upon the
suggestion of some one that it might not be
proper to act so promptly after having just
despatched the communication from the
Government of the United States with renewed
oilers of peace, Gen. Scott replied
that lie would wait some days at Rio Fiio
to receive the answer of the Mexican Go
The American force at the time of this
council was set down by the Mexicans at
eighi thousand five hundred men, thirty
pieces of artillery and one mortar.
The Republicano remarks upon this information
: "We believe the Americans
have compromised their situation beyond
measure; and even in the event, certainly
difficult, that they Win triumphs upon triurnphsj
their very victories will cause their
The council above spoken of was held
on the 24th. It is not alluded to in the
Star of Puebla of ihe 26th nor in Mr. Kendall's
lfiftp.rs whir.h rnmo Hnivn to
Yet the facts are said to be derived from a
responsible source and they look plausible?
General Worth's opinions particular so.
The Republicano of the 29th says nothing
about the subject, but in that paper of the
30th is another postscript to -which is perfir
it, Inrnrp Inters " Very Important."?
' "announcing the debarkation^)?TSUtfmerfa'
Vera Cruz from Tampico, who marchec
immediately for Puebla. [This is probablj
General Cadwallader's detachment]?
The letters further said that General Scott
had already ordered the march of the firsi
brigade, consisting of fifteen hundred troops
with ten guns and a mortar, towards the
city of Mexico, when he learned that the
train was detained at Nopalucan [forty-two
miles this side of Puebla and fifty-one beyond
Perote,]?that he thereupon countermanded
the march upon Mexico, and despatched
a force to the assistance of tho
train coining up. The letters then speak
of the review of the troops which took place
on the 26th. The number of troop? is
again set down at 8,500 men without including
those who occupy the fortifications
of San Juan, Loreto, &c. But the most
important paragraph is that General Scolt
would probably postpone his march upon
i the city until the 10th of July, to.allow
these reinforcements to coino nn. W<> mvn
various pieces of news as we find
them, but the reader will constantly bear
in mind that our advices direct from Puebla
are later than these by the city of Mexico.
The Republicano, in this same postscript,
thinks it very probable that General Taylor
will abandon Saltillo, Matamoras and other
towns in the north of Mexico, and shortly
proceed to Vera Cruz to assist in the taking
of the capitaf, which is now, it adds, the
object of t6e aspirations of the Americans.
It is very anxious that the Government
should direct Gens. Valenciaand Salas,now
at San Luis, that they harrass the retreat of
We see an order of Santa Anna issued
on the 29th, admitting provisions of various
kinds into the city free of duty. This is to
last only as longas martial law prevails.
Another^Werhas been issued nriodifying
a previou? one directing the closing of shops
every aftfeyiioon. They ate now to: be
closed onty^bn Thursdays. THei object of
closing the 8hoJ? w&8 to compel'every body
to turn out fbFj^drilfe
* On the 28th' Sama^fnna issued through
the Secretary of War a brief but stringent
decree to tl?s effect: The army of the
enemy being upon the eve of moving upon
this capital with a view to attack the same,
and the moment having arrived-toact boldly,
energetically and uniformly to repel our
commoti enemy in a manner decisive and
happy for our arms, it jV decreed that, martial
law having been declared, it shall be
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I strictly enforced, and that no other authority
whatever shall be recognised than that
of the general in command of the army of
the East. The General is Lombardini.
The decree is followed up by another greatly
restricting the intercourse between the
city and country, and pointing out who
may go and come.
From the St. Luis Neio Era, July 1.
Late from California.
Battle in Santa Fe?Condition of affairs on
the Plains?Three engagements with the
j A. HItj't, tj'O.
This morning \vc had an interview with
I Mr. Murphy, who has just arrived from San.
ta Fe. He came in with Major W. H.
i ltussell, bearer of despatches from Cblonel
| Fremont, in California, to our Government.
; Major Russell; it will be recollected, was
J Secretary of State in California Under Col.
i Fremont. He left California on the 25th
I of March, with fifteen men as an escort, and
! was sixty-five days on the route through to
Santa Fe; thirty-five of which thejr wcte
driven by hunger to subsist upon the flesh
1 of their mules, in the absense of other food
! to sustain life. Mai. Russell has not vet
i reached this city, having stopped at Young's
1 Landing, on the Missouri River, to see his
"family. We learn from Mr. Murphy, that
he brings no news of importance from Calij
forma' every thing being quiet there up to
the tune of his departure, and the health of
| the American forces remarkably good. On
| the road, between California and Santa Fe.
! he lost one man, who died from incessant
fatigue and want of proper nurishmcnt.
The trip was one of severe hardship, but
; the party met with no difficulty from either
i Mexicans or Indians.
I I lnfArmonf 1? n OOl
| V.'Ul I1IIW1 I11U1JI 1^4U UUIILU J- U Vil U1V? /W*/Lll
cf May. Two days previous (the 27th,)
Major Kdinundson, having a forcc of some
| 150 men. being dctached portions of the
different companies of Colonel Price's Regiment,
was attacked on lied River, some
I 128 miles south-east of Santa Fe, by a pat's
ty ol from three to four hundred Mexicans
; and Indians, (principally the latter,) and
1 alter an obstinate battle was forced to retreat
with the loss of two hundred killed,
one wounded and left on the field, and the
! entire capture of his horses, the clothing
j and ammunition of his men, &c. The
' engagement was brought on by the enemy
. ! just as our forccs were crossing a deep ra|
vine, and when they were least prepared to
j to repel an attack. .Lieut. Elliott was in
this engagement, and is said to have distin?
guished himsell by the taking of an emi[
uence which commanded the enemy's position,
and which alone saved the live of many
of our men.
On the receipt of this news at headquarters,
Lieutenant (Jol. Wiiiock was despatched
with a body of 115 men in pursuit of
the enemy and was seen on the 3rd of May
by Mr. Murphy, some distance this side o!
Santa Fe, on the waters of lied River, in
i hot pursuit, with every prospect of soon
- overtaking and chastising them.
The names of the persons killed in the
r battle above mentioned were not made pu>
blic, but one of them was said to be from
- this citv.
The'health of the troops in Santa Fe is
f n*ed as being much better. 1 he
L UIIIjf QLUiu vit * w*jvu? vv vui iv/nuw uiilUil^ lilVj
I troops or teamsters from this city being a
r Mr. Shepherd, who was formerly in the
- employ of the American Fur Company,
t and who left this city with Armstrong's
i The condition of affairs on the Plains is
represented as being desperate in the exi
treme. Scarcely a train crosses without
> being attacked by the Indians. The party
to which Mr. Murphy belonged was attack
ed three times. First a few miles below
Fort Marin or Defiance, on the Arkansas,
by a party of Mexicans and Carnanche
Indian?. The Americans, being the strong.
j cr .1
?si, liiovu on meir assailants with tholossof
several of their party.
The second attack was made soon afterwards
near Cow Creek, on the Arkansas.
At this time Maj. Russell and a small party
were near a mile in advance of the main
body, and the Indians, seeing this from the
sand hills, dashed down between them with
the intention of cutting the smaller party
; off. They were repulsed, however, without
lo.ss on cither side.
The third and last attack was made on
the Pawnee Fork by a party of some seventy-five
Pawnee Indians. The strength of
the American train at this time was near
four hundred men, but so unexpected was
the assault that belore the Indians could be
driven off, they succeeded in killinor nHmit
150 head of cattle belonging to the train.?
This, our informant states, was the most determined
and desperate charge he ever
witnessed. The Indians dashed down in
their midst and commenced the butchery
of their horses and cattle without the least
apparent fear of being molested. There
was but one man wounded in this engagement,
and none of the Indians were believed
to be hurt.
The train spoken of is in charge ef Capt.
BeU. anrl was Ia<V '
j .r aw** wjf v/ui IIILUI mams 8> SilOrt
distance this side of Pawnee Fork.
We further learn that the reported capture
of a Government train and murder of
the teamsters at Walnut Creek, mentioned
by some of out city papers some two weeks
since, is without foundation.
From the N. O. Delta, July 17.
Late from Bnena Vista, Salllllo,
We had the pleasure of a conversation
with Dr. Johnston, of General Wool's staff,
who arrived-in-the Palmetto, evening before
last, direct from Generals Wool and Tay
1 .. "J? 1 lii
lor's camp, having left Saliillo on the 27th
of June. Dr. Johnston has resided a long
time among the Mexicans, and when the
war broke out was living in Durango. He
was compelled, however, with all the other
A ?Mnt?irtn n o VAOI/1 ? ? ~ 4- * 1 1
mnuk ivuiio ooiuiilg IUUIU, IU IUUVC lllC piaCCj
and proceeded to the city of Mexico. After
the battle of Monterey he determined to
join our army, and according started for
Monterey on horse-back. He arrived at
that place in January last, and immediately
attached himself to our army.
Dr. Johnston acted as an Aid of General
Lane at Buena Vista, and was severely
wounded?having been lanced and sabred,
and otherwise so injured as make his recovery
almost a miracle.
Dr. Johnston reports that General Wool
was encamped on the classic field of Buena
Vista, with a force of 2700 men, consisting
of the Virginia, Mississippi and North
Carolina volunteers, and Sherman's, Washington's
and Prentiss's batteries.
General Taylor is still at his forvorite
old camping ground, the Walnut Springs,
quietly waiting until the Government furv.:
...:.i ' 1
i iiiouua linn wjiii iuuii una inuiius 10 aavancc
! 011 San Luis. General Taylor has with
| him the 16th regiment, Bragg's battery,
anil two squadrons of Dragoons. At Camargo,
(?on. Hoppin has about 2,000 troops
of the new levies. About the 13th of June,
General Wool received notice that Jt forcc
of about 1,000 cavalry, under Gens. Avalert
and Minon, had left Matchuala, and advanced
within sixty miles eff Bucna Visia.
j This i rty constituted the advance of a
; strong division, which, it is reported by. the
j Mexicans, was about to advance from Saa
| Luis Potosi, under Gens. Valencia and
j Salas. Cy the last accounts from San Luis,
' there were but four or five thousand troop'.-*
1 there, but Valencia expected to be joined by
a strong force from Zauatecas. We think
the swarthy Gcnetal feckorts without his
host. The Zacatccanos are a sinewed,
; sensible people; they arc too good deino|
crats; and like and admire the Americans
j too much to take a very active part in the
We arc happy to see that our old friend
Minon has been liberated from the durance
vile into which he was thrown by Santa
Anna, on account of that confounded lovescrape
at Saltillo. He is again at the head
of a canary force, and whenever the opportunity
offers, he will no doubt accomplish
something worthy of the reputation he acquired
The citizens arc generally returning to'
the towns occupied by our troops. In Saltillo
and Monterey nearly all the respectable
families have returned, and everything
goes on very smoothly and quietly. The
people generally are warmly disirous of u
. I peace, and begin to prefer the Afuuiicau
V^U \ UIIIIIJUUI. IU UlL/ll UWII. ii.-9JIUC.iail V
, in ihe town of Zacatecas [pronounced
' Zachy take-us] does the anti-war feeling
prevail to a great extent. At a public dinner
in that town sometime ago, General
Taylor and the American army were toasted
with great applause.
Midshipman Rodgers.?The following
letter, addressed to his father at Newcastle,
(Del.) furnishes an outline of the hardships
he has endured while in Mexico.
a Mexico, maj qo, 1847.
I xvrntfi tn vnn r?r? iVia I CiU -f d 1
? ? ww j vift ?iii> K/iu ui r curiiciryj
the eve of my departure for Perote, since
which time I have no opportunity of saying
one word to you. I know you have been
very anxious about me, more especially as
the position and circumstances of my capture,
determined this government to regard
me as a spy. I think 1 can now assure you
that you may banish all such fears ; their
inquisitions must have proven my condemnation
would be opposed to all rules o( civilized
warlare. My situation has been critical,
and even now I look back to it with
painful feelings. I give vou a mere svnr?n_
sis of my wanderings and privations.
On the evening of the 19th of February,
I arrived at Perote, under the surveillance
of a strong escort. I was immediately
locked up in a forlorn looking apartment,
paved with brick, and without one single
asticle of furniture. I passed that night upthe
floor, without the coveingofa cloak even
as well as the two following. Mytaggage
was sent to me from Vera Cruz, but the
coach was robbed, and I lost it all with more
than $150 in money. '
I purchased other clothes here and proceeded
towards Mexico. On my route I
was robbed of every thing, and arrived in
the capital without a cent or without ap:
parel. Through ?
__ 0 ....vi.w<VIIV? U1 OU1I1U
few foreigners I was put upon my parole,
and allowed the liberty of the city. I will
here add. I have not received any support
from this government
Such is a mere outline of my hardships,
when the apprehension of being shot as a
spy is superinduced to them, you can at
once see what has been my position and
the nature of my feelings. Suclt has been
my treatment, that I learned yesterday from
an American paper published in VeraCruz,
the President has sent special instructions
to Gen. Scott in reference to a retaliatory
Your letter of January 1st, my dear1
? I have received, and determined to?
refuse your generous ofTer, which effected*
me sensibly; but as I am without-'?ny other
mpnna ?o T ln?? ? *'
* mat. owry ining'in ttieSomers
and have twice since been robbed of all except
theclothes on>my back, Lam.compelled
to draw on1 you; although, most * utiwil- t.
lingly. Meel cert&in I do not impose upon
your kindness in doing, so, for' you^jypuld
prefer such a step rather than Ishotfld suffer.
How long I may be,kereiC^subject of /
^ $ ' il/: