Newspaper Page Text
| " LIBERTY AND MY NATIVE SOIL." '
,;|&0LUME IY. !?----- - - - - ----- --i NUMBER 24.
M , ' / | ABBEVILLE C. H., S. C., AUGUST 11, 1847. |
* - jL !
'Published every Wednesday Blorni^ by
,.V CHARLES H. ALlXN,
^ Vi EDITOR AXD PRorKlKTOK.
J"- :'f- SL N& ^ ^ ?
v V ONE DOLLAR AND FIFTY CENTS if paid
Within threo months from tlK> time of subscribing,
or TWO DOLLARS if ixiid within six months,
; %? and TWO DOLLARS AND FIFTY CENTS if
Y'J&U-not paid until tlio end of tho year. No subscription
' tcceived for less than six months; and no paper
discontinued until all arrearages are paid. Sub'""V?/ucriptions
will lie continued unless notice bo given
otherwise, previous to the close of volume.
\ >.. . No paper will be sent out of tho State unless
payment is made in advance.
V ADVERTISEMENTS, inserted at 75 cts. per
square of twelve lines for tho first insertion; and,
37 1-2 cts. for each continuance. Those not havimr
tho desired number of insertions marked upon thern,
'-.vi '-- will bo continued until ordered out and charged acSf||v
' : ESTKAYS, Tollod TWO DOLLARS, to be
paid by the Magistrate.
For announcing a Candidate TWO DOLLARS,
V". in advance.
The Postage must be paid upon all letters and
communications to secure attention.
(WRITTEN FOR THE ABBEVILI.E BANNER.)
'1 ' GEOLOGY, NO. 5.
The practical importance to be derived
- " from a knowledge of the rocks embraced in
the secondary class, will be farther seen,
ifefcidien we consider one or two morn of tbp
pass by Grcyband and Fcrrias
there is very little of
associated with them, if we ex:.Hjbeg?^^iii&vhich
is a sort of an omnibus lois
found everywhere. CalcifcvB^gfaj*4rffeS,)s
an important rock, not so much
elf its intrinsic value, as from its
! Hi 'nern'?&.a^ associations. As its name
foiijad. extensively th? canal district in
MiddSo an JvVeftcraN.i? :?rk,overlaying the
two tost fock^frentioneUi We not only
nnd*3iere iIcommon iitfcrv stone?the car
- ; , bonate <>t lime,?but extensive beds of gypsum?the
sulphate of lime. During the
? v construction <jf- the "Great Erie Canal," a
-i- niost opportune discovery was made, in that
of the Silicious lime rock,, or as it is spmelimes
callca water lime rock. This was
i, L (precisely the article that wasjieeded in the
Construction of the massive lofcks on the.catjal.
This rock, when burned in the same
'ytP - 1 **<#!??* s:'\ " . ..
manner in which the common limestone is
burned, and th$gi pulverized by grinding,
&gFv. and made into a pa&te, haB the peciiMhr propcrty
of becoming, a hard cement under^wa-?
ter-Mi property possessed J^sjpo othe^SbcIt
fife* with which we dre ^cquaintetl. The comSf*"
mon limestone,Ahe'to/psum, and the water
Wfc - fallowing particulars:
f.ls The first is burned.in aliilafpr a few days,
|p? and thm slackened 1^-Jfouring water^on it;
the result of which . is^|^at it becomes a
fintiy. pulverized powder* The secbnd is
not burned at.all?it is pimply ^jtound m a
v common com mill,.into a< verjjfine ptf^rder^
Mi jvhen it is fit foruBeTin?^ffoulf|ttre, tfe arts
W&k-:: and sciences. The ~third is httroedMn'the
111?, ' .same manner as ti^e .first; a^nd/ ^en gr^nd,,
1? .or poundeito a finis po^d||^p5et|i(jit
a|pv. for the paste ffbpve.
ffcifo seven or ^*zht difi^rcntl^m^il^a Wj'ffWy'
Wm%} sum, all ol Mhich arc J ,'J!;^?P
- We are. rat satisfied . tb^jOvpa^tn
jever been fo^^n^any ,cpi^(iefd^l^ qu^a^,
pf these arJficte^can be nr
try-^-it would b\ useless tp spepd time in
Wmsff?>>f Thg most of \the common metals are
$Ef|p:-- found in secondary countries, j*s wel]v;a|!
gjjBfc - itt,primit?ve and transition. ^ j
Wfr"- Comparative Futj&itive Powehs of
iQiyBKN Afjp Dry Fodder fob Cattle,-?
communication 'has been made tothe
% * -'J Paris Academy of Sciences, by M. BbUsr
* /?ingauit, on the comparative nutritive pow*'
^Bfe^^kwrt^ -'r y *--- ? ?? ?
uiju ury iouuer iur cu.n^e?
sceivea\opinion was, that nasrmine
tViis point, M. Bousain3ler^altCTnat^lyj-?for
>011 green or dr^yfood, and
difference in the Average
therefore ctynea to tre concluftPy
THE AZTECS AND TOULTECS.
What arc called the "Aztec ruins," in
Mcxico, have excited very considerable interest.
In the Endinburgh Christian Instructor
for 1811, there is a Review of
Humbolt's New Spain, from which we
infllvfi tlip. fnllriwin<? f y!mot rnc>>or??i?in- ilim...
b <VI.-|IV.V>lllg mi cmj;
"The Indian chronologors have fixed the
aura of two distinct eruptions into thoir provinces,
or those adjacent; that of the T< ultecs,
previous to the year G77, and that of
the Aztecs in 1245. The progress of both
was from the north southwards; and they
both adhered invariably to the ridge of the
Cordilieries. With regard to these nations
many interesting questions have been proposed.
The Abbe Clavigero has shewn,
that the Toultecs find Aztccs spoke the
same language; a fact which determines
the identity of their origin. The language
itself, too, appears to have been of a particular
character. It was rich, diversified, and
fluent, and widely different, therefore, from
that of any people in the infancy of improvement.
It was, in truth, more like the
speech of the Incas, than the rude and
scanty dialects of the Otomites, and other
Indian hordes. But whether this account
refers to it in its early or in its advanced
state, that is, when the Toultecsand Aztecs
had respectively established themselves,and
had long been settled in the country which
they are known to have occupied, we have
not tliO moo n^? rv f a o
tiVb MIV llKdliO \J 1 (l^Ui
Were tlie Toultecs Asiatics 1 Does the
fact, that in some of tlieir monuments men
are represented sitting with their legs crossed
after the Eastern manner, imply that
they came from Asia ? What account can
be given of the harp, an emblem found in
the hieroglyphical paintings of the Toultecs
or Aztecs, yet remaining on the north-west
/i AO c-t r\T A mon/*o * *?1* ?-*
ui i>iuicii^u9 wi \> iiru iui(;igiiV/t; mil
justly be drawn from it? Whence did the J
Mexicans derive their knowledge of astronomy
? Whence the resemblance betXveen
their temples, and the ancient monument of
Babylon, called the mausoleum of Relirs ?
a resembl?mce particularly alluded to by fl?.
de Humboldt. Were the Touhecs.and
Aztecs, Tartars ? Mangels ? Or were they
of the same people with the Hiongnoux,
(Huns) who by the account of the Chinese
historians, emigrated in the 5th century, ?r.'
a~.. .w~:- 1?i? ?i -i- -i
uci x un\jii tnnil luuuer, uiiu uisujjpeurt'u in
the wilds of Siberia? In attempting to answer
these questions, men of genius and research
have lost themselves in probabilities.
There appears to be little doubt, however,
that the Toultecs and Aztecs were of Asiatic
origin ; but when we attempt to go
farther than this general assertion, there
are, perhaps, no very precise data on which
an opinion may be founded. Ajter all,
though it were demonstrated, that these
Toultecs and Aztecs were Asiatics and
were Huns, it would still remain a subject
of inquiry, whether these Toujtecs or Aztecs
were the first inhabitants of central America,
or whether they only dispossessed the
natives, and occupied their territory.
In.the year 1245, the Aztecs, afterwards
called the Mexicans, .had arrived at Chapoltepec.
It was not, however, till the
year 1325 that tjiey founded their city. An
ancient tradition had been preserved among
thetn./that wherever, in the course of their
1 TJ v "" - ?
mugiuyuiia, ?iucy sxjlouiu ooserve an eagie
p'erched up^ a nopal, (cactus,] thejdots ofhicti
should fix in'i^^lacfr the seat of their dominion,
Q^<^'their worship. " Accordingly
jrrthe yeeT^iest mentioned, orTa small isltfe^^e^gqescuco,
the nopai, re^rrecl
to oracle, was seen. On this
?ah^tl^ef^%^and on'those, which- .were
contiguou^.to it, the Aztecs laid the furnla jjjpn
'.of i*'And on^the spot -where
the nopal found, they built; their 5&S^pah,
TescaMft or Ho9?e of God; an erec
rtion, to which the Spaniards, in the 16th
centiwy, ^ve th^,na^^of the Great Tern-*
o s described
fry Pausapias. In the year 1486, an edifide
of stone was raised on the consecrated
I ground, by the.Qrder of kine: Ahuitzotl. Its
form vvaa that 6f a pyyapQicij very securely
J aid out, withQ 18foetbasef and it was truncated
to so great a degree, that when seen
at ja distance, it: had the appearance of an
enormous cube. We kpuow not of what materials
the TeocalH .was composed. All
that is recorded is, that it jyas faced with
stoiH. This, indeed, has beep completely
I ascertained. Enormous if nnr.
^ 7o;~"'","rTy "T"" i?
phyry, *rith a base of grannatem, 'filled
' with amphibeloS and vitreous fe^rpatb,"
have, from time to time, been dis^tered in
the. site of the, ancient' edifipe, (where the
i Cathedral of Mexico now stands^) and digging
in the square, carved stones have hern
found at the depth pf 80 feet. The ascent
was by regular stairs, and on the top were
small altars, protected by cupolas ; and here
too was the 'stone of sacrifices,' that stone
where so many human victims were annually
put to death, in order to glut the revenge,
or propitiate the favor of the god
Mexith. It was the delight of the Aztcc
priests to open with a knife, made of obsidian,
the chests of these devoted persons,
while yet alive, and having pulled out the
heart, to mark, (as it vibrated upon the altar,)
with a savage satisfaction, and with
philosophical care, the last movements of j
expiring nature. The obsidian (it/li) was
sought lor, and dug from the earth for this
very purpose. On other occasions, it was
the nnirtir.fi to Ktrm tli? virlims nnlfiul nrwl I
I V ?V?.WUJ Mliu |
compel them, by torture, to dance before
the image of (he god : and it is surely
mournful to add, that to this fate, as well as
that of a cruel death, the Spaniards taken
during the retreat of Cortes on the "night
of sorrow.' were unhappily subjected."
THE HORRORS OF WAR.
Description of the Arrival at Dresden, of a
Rcvinant of Napoleon's Army in Russia.
I was lately an eye witness of a terrible
scene. The regiihent of the body guard
that acquitted itself so manfully, at Minsk,
had, in the retreat from Moscow, ho en altogether
cut up, mainly by the fro^t. Of the
whole regiment onlv about 70 men remain.
Mmnrln Knrlinw' orrlvn l\ir /Inrr*?? '
wri/va*vo Uiim: uy UUlj 111 111U |
main, in a most pitiable plight. When
they reach the Saxon border, they are assisted
by their compassionate countrymen, ?v 5?'
enable them to make the rest of.'he load-in
some carriage or wagon. On Sunday for
noon last I went to die Link esc kin Bad, and
found a rrowd collected round a car, in
which some soldiers had just returned from
Kussia. No grade or grape could have so
disfigured them as I beheld then the victims
of the cold One of them had lost the upper
joints of all his ten fingers, and he
showed us the black stumps. Another
looked as if he had been in the hands of the
Turks, for he wanted both ears and nose.
More horrible was the loolc of the third,
whose eyes had been frozen; the eye lids
hung down, rotting, and the globes of the
eyes were hurst, and protruded out of their
sockets. It was awfully hideous, and yet a
more hideous spectacle was yet to present
itself. Out of the straw, in the bottom of
the car, I now beheld a figure creep painfully,
which one could scarcely believe to be a
human being, so wild and so distorted were
the features. The lips were rotted away,
and the teeth stood exposed. He pulled the
cloth from before his mouth, and grinned on
us like a death head. Then he burst out
into a wild laughter ; began to give the
word of command, in broken French, with
a voice more like the bark of a dog than
anything human, and we saw that the poor
wretch was mad, from a frozen brain.?
Suddenly, a cry was heard, " Henry 1 my
Henry!" and a young girl rushed uo to the
car. The poor lunatic rubbed his brow, as
if trying to recollect where he was: he then
stretched out his arms towards the destracted
girl, and lifted himself up with his whole
strength. A shuddering fever-fit came over
him. v He fell collaspcd, and lay breathless
on the straw. The girl was removed forcibly
from the corpse. It was her bridegroom.
Her agony now found vent in the most terrible
imprecations against the French and
tne Jiimperor, and her rage communicated
itself to the crowd around, especially the
women who were assembled in considerable
numbers: they expressed their opinion in
language the most fearfully frantic. I
should advise no Frenchman to enter into
such a mob; the name of the King himself;
would help him little there: Such are
the dragoon-teeth of wo which theCorsician
Cadmus has sown. The crop rises superbly
;^aWd already I see, in spirit, the fields
bristling with lances, the meadews wiih
swords. You and I doubtless, will find
out place among the reapers.?Reminiscenses
of the year 1813, in Germany.
TQjISGraceful.?The following resolution,
-'with many others, was adopted at a public
meeting in Michigan, at which Ex-Senator
iNorvei presided, ino man wno justly appriciated
and loved the privileges and duties
of a freeman, could disgrace himself by'
assenting to it.
Resolved, That the practice which has
for se veral years prevailed, of requiring the
candidates for the Presidency to make public
confession of their opinions on the passing
political tropic of the times, is a departure
from the example set in the earlier and
purer days of the republic; that it would be
unnecessary for Gen. Taylor to respond to
pa}ls of the kind \ that no man ought to be
c?.L- n .0. ?i
cjcuicu iur iuts irresiuency, wuose integrity,
character, principles and patriotism have
pot been made sufficiently manifest by his
prist life and conduct, and that the Chief
Executive Magistrate of a country like this
ought to be left' free and ufitammelled, to
i&ct according to it3 varying circumstances
and exi jencfej, '
Vallhy of tiie Mississrn.?Mr. lienton,
in his letter to the Chicago Convention,
' The river navigation of the great West
is the most wonderful oti the globe; and
since the application of steam power to the
propulsion of vessels, possesses the essential
qualities of open navigation. Speed, distance,
cheapness, magnitude of cargoes,are
.,11 ..-.i ? ?* - '
i >in uikiu, aim w imuuL uiu perns 01 me sea
from storms and enemies. The steamboat
is the ship of the river, and linds in the
Mississippi and its tributaries the amplest
theatre lor the diffusion of Us use, and the
display of its power. Wonderful river ;
connected with seas by the head, and by the
mouth?stretching its arms towards the
Atlantic and the Pacific?lying in a valley
which is a valley fiom the Gulf of Mexico
to Hudson's Bay?drawing ils first waters
??# r,?.v, I i . <
Iiui Hum luyyuu llidUIUUIUS, QUI 110111 Hie
plateau of the Lakes in the centre of the
Continent, and in communication with the
sources of the St. Lawrence and the streams
which take their course north to Hudson's
B;iy?draining the largest extent of the
richest land?collecting the products of
every clime, even the frigid, to bear the
whole to a genial market in the sunny
South, and there to meet the products of the
entire world. Such is the Mississippi!
And who can calculate tUe-^iggregato of
| Its advantages, and magnitude pf^U^uttire
I commercial results ?
| Many ycaj^ago, the lat^Govei7ior^!ark
Jnnf &T3elf rfnd?rt<?ok;t(?'crilcu1at^. the extent
of. the beatable. valley of
tlic Mississippi; we made ll about 50.1)00
miles ! of which 30,000 were computed to
unite above St. Louis, and 20,000 below.
Ol course we counted all the infant streams
on which a flat, a keel, or a batteau could
K? 1 :??i- r
uo iiuuiiuj iinu jusuy i ior every tributary
of the humblest boatable character helps to
swell not only the volume of the central
waters, but of the commerce upon them."
Silas Wright.?From Sacket's Harbor,
I descended the St. Lawrence to Ogdens- ;
burgh, and from thence by stage to Canton,
to visit Governor Wright. j
"Governor Wright and myself arc per- J
sonal friends?besides, we both belong to I
dm ? : ? 1 1 '
kuu u^inuv.1 tinu puny ; unci uiougll ne was J
at the head of it in the State, and I somewhat
nearer the caudie^ extremity, still extremes
oft-times meet?and I took a friend's |
privilege to visit him sociably. In the 1
morning after my arrival I accompanied
him to the hay-field, and admired the ease
and dignity with which he adorned his
translation from public to private life. Ah !
sir, could you have seen him with his cool
straw hat and cooler tow pants, and noted
how dexterously he handled his scythe and
neatly laid his swaths 1 Visions of Rnmnn I
austerity and simplicity?Cincinnatus behind
the plough, " the noblest Roman of
them all"?danced before my sight, and.
then swelled out in all the pomp and circumstance
of a glorious reality. I could
not but wish that I had a daguerreotype
apparatus at hand to catch the portrait as it
was, for the benefit of some future Livy, to
illustrate and adorn his text. His excellency
was in the best of spirits of health?
me scurvy tricks ot fortune and party do not
ruffle him a particle.
Corr. Syracuse Star.
Faith of an Indian TVIother.?If a
mother lost her babe, she would cover it
with bark and envelope it anxiotisly in the
softest beaver skins; at the burial place she
would put by its side its cradle, its beads
and rattles ; and as a last service of maternal
love, would draw milk from her bosom
in a cup of bark, and burn it in the fire, that
her infant might find nourishment in the
land of shades. Yet the new born infant
was buried, not as usual, on a scaffold, but
by the wayside : so that its spirit might secretly
steal into the bosom of some passing
matron, and be born again under happier
auspices. On burying her daughter, the
unippewa mother adds, not snow shoes,
beads and moccasins only,but (sad emblems
of woman's lot in the wilderness,) the carrying
belt and the paddle. "I know my
daughter will be restored to me," on^said,
as she clipped a lock of hair as a menfiorial,
" by this lock of hair I shall discover her,
for I shall take it with me," alluding to the
day when she, too, with her carrying belt
and paddle, and the little relic of her child,
should passed through the grave to the
dwelling place of her ancestors.
A western editor, having studied for two
weeks-to make some poetry, finally succeeded.
Here is a specimen of the production:
All hail to the land where freedom was
AU hail to the land where daddy hoqd corn
He stacked the hoe into the ground,
FROM THE GRENADA PRESS.
It is Hard for tlie loimg to l>ic.
It is hard lor tho young to die !
To pass to tho grave's cold night,
When their azuro morning sky
With tho coming nun is blight;
When rustic the draperied trees,
And the flowers beirin to hlonm.
I And give to tho waiting breeze
Their blushes and perfume.
It is Jmrd for tho young to dio!
To fado from tiio world away,
"When their thoughts arc Hushing high
With the golden gleams of day:
When IIopo's empurpled wing,
Still raying rosy mirth,
i And makes a heaven of eartlu
It is hard for the young to die !
I I I itV?k KIIVU WURO H? J?WI? UC^ViMj
To have broken tlie dearest tie,
And know that tho raco is run.
To havo shattered Lifo's jcwcl'd bowl,
With Love's ruby drops, that hold
A charm for tho raptured soul,
In tho wave of their ruddy gold.
It is hard for tho young to dio!
It is sorrow to dopart,
When tho heart, that respires to sigh,"
Is pledged to a living heart!
But ever to tho grave's cold night,
In tho joy of Love's holiest day,
While tho prospocts arc opening bright,
Must tho young still pass away.
'-<*? Diversity of Features.?It is a Very
evident proof of the adorable wisdom of
God, ihat, although the bodies of men are '
so coil formed to each other in their essentisdljiarts,
yet thore is so great a difference
in their external appearance that they may be
easily and infallibly distinguished. Among
so many millions of men there are no two
perfectly alike. Each has something peculiar
which distinguishes him from all
others, either in face, voice, or manner of .
snenK'innr Thn vnvipfv in fapp ia tho mAi.n
-1 t>- J ? ??vxw
astonishing bccause the parts which compose
the human face are few in number, :
and are disposed in every person according - V
to the same plan. If all things had been 'v ::Y-.
produced by blind chance, the face of men
must as nearly resemble each other as eggs
laid by the same bird, balls cast in the samQ
mould, or drops of water from the same
bucUet. But this is not the case; we must v
admire the infinite wisdom of the Creator,
which in diversifying the features of the
face in so admirable a manner, has evidently
the happiness of man in view. For, if
they resembled oach other perfectly, so that
they could not be distinguished each from
each, it would occasion an infinity of inconveniences,
mistakes, and deceptions in society.
No man could ever be sure of his life,
nor of the peaceable possession of his nron
erty. Thieves and cut throats^ould run
noriskof being discovered, if they could not
be known again by the features of.their face
or the sou ndof their voice. Adulttifjfctheft, and
other crimes would go unpunished,' because
the guilty could scarcely ever b? discerned.; /
We should be every moment exposed to the
malice of wicked and envious men; and we
could not guard against an infinity of mis- ? "f/
to Irno (Vo uric ?r*/1 A 1
kuu.bgj uuuuo, u IIU lllioucilicunura. . AliU
what uncertainty would there be in judicia-. ,
jy proceedings, in sales, transfers, bargains. ' VV
and commerce. What confusion in commerce!
What frauds and briberyin respect-' .
to witnesses? Finally, the uni^mity^nd^
perfect similitude of face would deprive hu- :
man society of a gTcat part' of its .charm^'^4;?^Vr^
considerably diminish the pleasures which
men find in conversing with each other.
The variety of features constitute a part
of the plan of Divine government, and is a
aumitig jjjluui ui uiu iciiuci uam ui u(x1 lo?
wards us; for it is manifest that not onlythe^.^/
general structure of the body, but allso the;^%^|p&
disposition of its particular parts, havebeen y r;
executed with the greatest wisdom;-/ Every.v
where wc behold variety connected
uniformity, whence result the order, pro-, .'
lapse 01 nours, days, and weeks, and never^HHBH
dreaming of their responsibilities J but as a
ne^sSary consequence of^egle^of duty,
growing weary of their useless lives', paying
hold of every newly indented stimuljni to;^
arouse the drooping oneirics, and
their fate, when they daro not ,bLamo their ; .
God, for having placed them where they aTe.
These individuals will often tell you%ijfe^^aSI