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ABBEVILLE C. 1*, S. C,:
Wednesday, Sept. 1, ISUT.
JE!rrratum.?In the article on (.?oology,
in the present No. of the Bsnnor, on ih'
20th line from the top of the column, for
' Alkalies" road Oxides.
!T%* Til cnnco/lllnnPfl r>f llin cni'urn Inrlio.
position of the Editor, during the past week,
he has boon unable to attend to his dutiesThis,
we hope, will bo a sufficient excuse for
the meagre appearance of our editorial
columns, and also for any inaccuracies that
V may occur.
IJy reference to our advertising colurns,
it will he seen that our citizens have
i tunned unon another route fi?r a Railroad.
Wc shall endeavor, in our next, to speak of
tin's new project, which we think will meet
There is a species of amusement
participated in by some of the 1:uls of our
Village, every afternoon, which, in our
humble opinion, had better be stopppd before
it is tco Into. We allude to the practice
of shooting bats in the streets. We did
think that the numerous melancholy acci
dents which wo chronicle weeic after week,
ought to be a sufficient warning to our citizens
to have a stop put to it immediately.
Whore are the town authorities?
We publish,this week, in anothercoiumn,
all that we have been able to gather of any
interest whatever, from the armv.
We have been anxiously waiting, for a
long while, to give some glad tidings from
our Abbeville boys ; but as yet, wo arc
still kept in painful suspcn-e, in consequence
of the repeated statements made in
? _ 1 _ ? < * ,i. ^ i !.t . r
iuniiiuu id uiu uniu-uuny cuntmion 01 our
Regiment. Our readers may rest assured,
however, that theTirst line we get hold of
shall be laid before them with tho greatest
Chancellor Harper.?The numerous
friends of this distinguished jurist will be
happy to learn that he has recovered from
his recent attack of illness, and that his
health is now better than it has been for a
long time past.
Ilearj/ Loss.?It is estimated that the
losses bv Itlunder of the United fitntos trains
in Mexico, amount to 85,000,000. This
is certainly a largo amount. From all the
published accounts, we had supposed that
$2,000,000 would cover tli is business of the
ranchei'03 and the guenllas.
Hon. A P. Bullcr.?Our distinguished
Senator, Judge Butler, saj's the Charleston
Mercury of 26th ti It., after a brief visit of
one day only, left the city yesterday, on his
return to his residence in Edgefi :ld. His
numerous friends jn Charleston were
pleased to find him in the enjoyment of excellent
health and spirits, and regret that it
was not convenient for him to have remained
longer among them. It would
have been very gratifying to his constituents
in this part of the State if his engagements
would have permittod him to receive
a public manifestation of their approval of
his public course, so universally felt by
them. We trust yet to have that gratiticafirm
tinl'ii'ii ?11 ?
w?s mviviu v/un^iwoa ilS^L'UlUltkS.
The Annexation of Cuba.?Tho New
York Sun has Havana dates to the 15th ult.
It says:?,;The excitement in regard to the
annexation of Cuba was still increasing,
and was spreading over ths island.' Delegates
will bo sent on there a liule previous
to the meeting of the next Congress. The
next vessel will probably briniz us more
Yankee Enterprise.?A New York letter
in the Philadelphia Inquirer, says :?,c A
plain citizen of Gotham, i am credibly informed,
has cleared a large sum of money
by the manufacture of Gen. Saxta Anna's
\yooden legs, each of which is the identical
one which the ronowned Mexican warjrior
left behind him in his memorable flight
from the bloody field of Cerro Gordo. The
saleoflhese limbs is so'extensive that fre
, employs a number of journeymen, and con'
( t,eRjplates erecting a steam engine to enable
frim to supply the great demand." '
' /> -v..
( South Carolina R cgimcnt.?A paragraph j
! having appeared in the Montgomery (Ala.) j
i Advertiser attributing the unusual amount
' of sickness in the South Carolina regiment i
! to excess in fruit and liquor, and a want of i
i ' % I
j cleanliness, a correspondent of that paper j
sntisfiintnrilv vindicates tlm rno-imrmt frnin !
j the gratuitous imputation, and assigns ano- I
, tlier and much more probable cause, lie j
':You will recollect that their regiment '
I took the cars at Charleston, and did no I
i marching til 1 alter the capitulation cf Vera
; Cruz, except what was done between the
; Georgia anil Montgomery rail roads ; and
I it seems that the result of marching a regiment
under these circumstances fitly miles
and back, through deep sands?-under a ;
tropical sun?-supplied with bad wa'er, and
guided by an ignorunt and treacherous
guide, whoso managed as to keep them tinder
a constant march for five days to reach t
their place of destination, and then on their !
return to be inarched at the rate of twenty- j
live miles a day, mijrht have been easily .
predicted; it was sufficient to have killed
not only 140 men, l?ut one-half of the whole !
regiment without the aid of liquor. The !
New York regiment was not, if I am cor- :
rectly informed, engaged in this march. '
hence the reason of their better health, j
These, I believe, are the facts of the case j !
and why do the letter writers close their j
eyes to them ? Is it hccausc the Commit tj- S
der-in-Chief had laid himself liable to be j
censureu uy in<; irienus oi inc regiment in I
neglecting to have them transported in the
shipping then under the pay of the Government,
and lying idle in the harbor of Vera :
Cruz? Whether this is the reason or not, I
they must know that if he had done so, a j
few hours'sail would have landed them at |
Alvarado, without fatigue, and a few hours i
more would have returned them to Vera J
Cruz, refreshed by the trip at sea, read}*, as
they showed themselves by their return
march from Alvarado, willing and anxious
to participate, in the dangers and glories of
l>.?? t i -- ? :ii f i- i !
v-ivuu viuiuw. uui iliilS : II v till Ill-IiUCU !
move of tlic Commander-in-chief, hundreds i
of the host blood of Carolina have bce:i cut ,
off in the hlooin of youth and in t!ie midst i
of their usefulness, while hundreds more ;ire !
doomed to linger out a lew more days of;
pain and suffering, and for all of which the j
letter writers can see no just cause but fruit, !
liquor, and Jilth
Deficiency in Ireland.?The Philadelphia |
Inquirer states that a letter from Lon- !
linn nVlCuriipa llin Pntntfi nrnn in Trnlind I
V.up,,. ?>"??? I
must prove light, inasmuch as not more !
than onC'fourth of the usual quantity of i
land was this year planted with potr.tocs. i
j The writer?who is an intelligent observer? j
j argues that as a consequence, there will be ;
a great demand for the next cheapest arti- J
eleoffoed, which is Indian Meal. Anoth- j
er letter states that .English agents have al- j
U 1 .t-:- - ?
iuuuj uuuu eciiL iu nus cuuniry, 10 maico
heayy contracts for Pork. The object is to
buy it early, and to have it cured, so as to
suit the English market. This step has
been taken in consequence of the famine*
and the deficiency of pork in Ireland.? j
Farmers and Provision Dealers will <rovern I
"Nursing iiis Wrath to keep it Warm."
?The Louisville Journal of the 17th ult,
alluding to a report that Colonel Benton
had written to W^shinrrtnn. ilomn.niH-nn n
o 1 ? o * |
Court Martial for the vindication of his sonin-law,
Colonel Fremont, and the punishment
of his adversaries in his late troubles ;
in California, adds:
" It is certain that Mr Benton is preparing
himself a terrific attack upon the Administration
next winter in the Senate
Chamber. At a town in the interior of Kentucky,
a few days ago, he got into a conversation
upon the subject of the Mexican war,
and become immensely excited, perfectly
infuriated. He said that an oporlunity had
been passed by, of making an advantageous
and honorable peace, and, thai he could
show the fact and would show it. As for
the whole management of the war, he
averred that it had been utterly disgraceful.
He stated that hc should go to Washington,
and make one spcech upon the subject, only
one and that it would be the greatest speech
of his life, and he was willing that it should
be the last, In speaking of the Administration,
his language barely, if at nil, fell short
of downright cursing. His wrathful declamation
lasted a full hour."
News for tiie Geologists.?The Journal
des Debats publishes the following letter,
datfd Odessa 4th July:?"The Counsellor
of State, Erdman, professor of geology at
the Imperial University of Dorpat, who at
this moment is travelling in the South of
I Rlissm line in n nrnnortn oitnoJo/l
r> .J o.vuutvu
on the north of Odessa several skeletons of
fossil animals of enormous dimentions. The
skeltons are eighty-three in number, viz:
six elephants, one rhinoceros, two oxen,
four fctagg. one antelope, sixty-one bears, two
hyenas, two dogs, three cats, and a ruminating
animal, species unknown. These
skeletons, together vith the bones, were
found under a thick layer of calcareous
earth. The discovery made by M. Erdman
5s the more remarkable ns hitherto
(hero never has been any remains of the
anle-diluvion animal discovered in
% " ' i - v '* 'x%' v: #* ' '
: -v ,.-;v > ' .?j?5 r.:.> /.V
From the N. O. Picayune, August 20, JS 17.
Arrival of the Galveston.
Seven Days Later from Puebla.
Arrival of the Picayune's Express from
Puebla?General Scoffs movements
Escape of Major Gaines awl passed
Midshipman Rogers?Encounter of a
Train with the Guerrillas?Peril of the
n ? ? /' I/T-iiinf. 1.1 nut.
X / (H/f - i/C(f (/f,> tJJ It **.</* IV IVWVf MVW<>. I
/////, a/irZ /)) . Hamncr?General Pierce's j
Arrival at Puebla?JJv.
The steamship Galveston, Captain Havi- I
land, arrived yesterday from Vera Cruz,
having touched sit Tampico, Brazos and
Galveston. JShc left Vera Cruz on the
I}y tliit; arrival we are. in possession of;
advices from Puebla to the Oth of August?
just one week later than wo had before received
Our letters were brought through
from Puebla to Vera Cruz by a courier desnatched
exclusivelv for this office. The
nows is important.
General Scott was still at Puebla on the
Oth iust., but the army was to take up the
lino of march the next day for the oily of
Mexico. General Twiggs's division leaving
on the 7ih} General Cluitman's on the
8th, General Worth's on the 9th, and (Jen.
Pillow's on the 10th. Colonel Chijds remains
in command at Puebla.
General Pierce arrived at Puebla on tho
6th inst.?not on the 2nd inst, as some ol
our contemporaries stated, lie lost not a
single man on his march, notwithstanding
" another severe battle with the guerrillas."
The most agreeable news by this arrival
is the escape of Major Gaines and Passed
Midshipman Rogers from the city of Mexico,
and their safe arrival at General Scott's
headquarters. They were of course not
under parole at the time they left Mexico.
The particulars will be found in the letters
below from Mr Kendall. I lis letters mention
an affair between Captain Rufl*, of the
rifles, with his command, and a Mexican
guerrilla party, in which the latter was entirely
routed. Mr. K.. also writes us of the
death of Lieut. Ilill. of the 2nd Draffoons.
and I)r. Hainncr, of the South Carolina
Regiment. Wo need not refer more particularly
to his loiters which abound in
From Vera Cruz, too, the news is important.
The train which left Vera Cruz on
the evening of the Gth inst., has been attacked
about 21 miles from Vera Cruz;
indeed, a line Us commenced shortly after
leaving that city. The escort to the train
under command of Major Lally, of ihe 9th
Infantry, Colonel Wilson being down with
vtdlow fever. We have confidence that the fbl
lowing is a more correct report of the principal
affair than that of the Sun of Anahuac.
It is from an officer of intelligence, and is
to the iatest date:
Camp at Brigade, *21 miles from Vera Cruz,
August 11, 1847.
Gentlemen?The command under Maj.
Lally was met by the guerrillas yesterday
in force at Passo Oncja, one mile in the rear
of this camp, about 3, P. M. Attacks were
made in front, in rear, and upon the centre
of the train, and they were repulsed at all
points, and we advanced to this encampment.
Our force *vas well distributed for
the defence of the train, the force in the rear,
being nearly as long as in front, and a
guard of two companies in the centre of the
wagons, and flankers along side of the train
But our loss is severe, two officers being
severely wounded. Captain James H.
Caldwell, of the Voltigeurs, and Captain
Arthur C. Cummins, of the 11th Infantry,
the former a nativo of Maryland, the latter
ot Virginia. Ten men, non-commissioned
officers and privates, are wounded. None
L-M Iml nntrwrlit O no hoc /linrl
?> uiu r\iiiV/U wuli v/u v iiuj ui?/u cuiv/vj
and some perhaps dangerously wounded.?
Elopes are yet entertained for the recovery
of the two Captains, if we can send them to
Vera Cruz. I believe that the commanding
officer has sent to Vera Cruz for a detachment
of horse to escort ambulances to
take back the bounded which may accumulate
by thetiino we reach the National
Bridge. We arc 1,000 strong, with a
train of seventy wagons, and the troops all
raw and comparatively uninstructed. But
I think we will make our way through securely;
nerhaos fijrhtins: our way for manv
days. We are about twelve miles from the
National Bridge, and we move on a few
miles to day.
The sun says eight men were killed on
our side, and that Captain Loyell's Georgia
mounted men killed twenty-five of the
enemy in a charge. Governor Wilson immediately
ordered up reinforcements. Captain
Fairchild's company started at once to
go up, and Captain Seefeld's of the Louisiana
battalion, were also ordered up. A
gentleman who came over on the Galveston,
saw the latter leaving the city. Captain
Besancon's company was absent on a scout
when the news reached Vera Cruz of the
danger of the train. When he returned,
he would bo ordered up, and other forces
were to be sent forward. The' verbal reports
are that the Americans had thirty men
wounded in this skirmish and asjjmany
horses killed. It is not to be concealed, that
seriousJTed'rg aro felt for the safety^* this
train. ^The Mexicans have made extensive
preparation# to harrass it and ^a&'it off if
possible. IWe are-informedjJlBirihe num
ber of Major I^^V^^^flyg||lff1all8 short of
ono thousand ?|?8ft*TamBrertnanexceeds that
number. The Mexicans are under the
impression that the train takes up a million
of dollars in specie?so says the Boletin of
Jalapa of the 8th inst . which has been received
at Vera Cruz.' The Boletin prays
V* . ..
, i zmg*?-' A .... -v
A??( - ' '
oa?WI?onaa?? w^iibii nil? in j i i i ! iiiiii i am
God that the guerrillas and national guard I
together may succeed in cutting off the
train. The National Bridge is the point
vvhexe the decisive action is expected.?
There was a report in Vera Cruz, that the
guerrillas had destroyed a part of the bridge
and erected defensive vvorks there. The
latest number of the Sun of Almhuae sets
down the number of the guerrillas at 4000.
Led on by the hope of a rich booty, they
must not be expected to desist from their ,
attacks so Jong as a chance remains for |
Two men belonging to the train lagged
behind on the second day's march from :
Vera Cruz, and were cut off by the Mexicans.
One of them was horribly mutilated, |
both legs being cut off below the knees.?
He died immediately, The other was so
| severely wounded that he died shortly after
j he was tbund by Captain tfcsancon's men.
j The wounded man just had time to ?rivc a
description of the murderer?, three in number,
and the course they hud taken. They
were pursued and caught and at oncc an
example was made o( them.
! Editorial Correspondence of the Picayune.
Pukhla, Mexico, August 3, 18-17.
i Intelligence has just been received that
i Captuin Ruff with a squadron of cavalry,
| has given the guerrillas a severe drubbing
; aj. San Juan de los Llanos. General P. F.
; Smith Jearningon his arrival at Ojode Agna
? flint 51 nn rf f nl I 11OCO rrnnllnmnn /\f rnn/l
j ? ??. ?. |/?ti j VI ?i?ucu ^Uiai|i.aiiuu w? iliu i v/un
1 had a rendezvous at the former place, dej
spatched Captain Huff with orders to su;|
prise them if possible. The expedition was
| successful in every way?the guerrillas
j were surprised before they had time to reach
i their horses, an:l at once tool; refuge in a
j church and in two or Ilirce stone houses adI
joining, into these our men at once
j charged, the Mexicans recoiled in dismay,
and altera short struggle were entirely defeated,
with a loss of between 30 and -10
. killed, and somo 50 wounded. A priest
! and cure, said to have been in some way
eonnecieu wan uto guerrillas, were tatcen
prisoner?. Such is ihe report of the. aflair
1 at present current?I shall probably learn
I more of it before i close this letter.
! Midshipman Rogers about whose imprisj
onment so much has been said, has taken
! the liberty of releasing himself-?in plain
| English, he has escaped from the city of
j Mexico, and has arrived here in safety.?
' He was not on p.role at the time, but at
! largo in the capital, under a bond with a
j money penalty not to break his bounds.?
Learning that the American officers were
I to he removed tn 'IY?lin*:i. unit itwii tlioi-n
no probability of his being exchanged, he
started off in the night towards Chalco lake
in a boat. Arriving there, he started on
horseback through the mountains with a
guide, and as above stated, got through in
safety. He reports that Santa Anna has
not so many men as has been stated?that
j ho has not more than 15,000 who arc we.ll
armed and well organized. Perhaps he
did not know that Valencia had arrived
with reinforcements from San Luis. Both
Rogers and Lieut. Semmes, who was sent
on by Com. Perry to attend to his casts,
will go on to tho capital whenever the army
moves, and take a part m any game that
may be there played. In fact, the same
may be said of all who are with the army
and not immediately connected with?there
will be work for all of them, and their
greatest safety will be in the neighborhood of
halla choll c o nrl Lri?wli*nr1 \ n
relations to young Rogers, it is said he came
off with the knowledge and by permission
of his surety.
From the N. O. Picayune of 21 si nil.
Arrival of the Alabama.
3 Days Later from VcraCruz.
Return of General Paretics to Mexico.?
Jlis successful Escape into the Interir.
The steamship Alabama, Mapt. Windle,
arrived this morning from Vera Cruz, having
sailed thence on the 15th inst.
Quite the most important news by this
arrival is the return of Gen. Paredes to
Mexico. At last accounts he was at Paris.
He reached Vera Cruz on the 14th inst., in
the English royal mail steamer Tcviot, un
der an assumed name. 1 he steamer was
telegraphed about 0 o'clock in the morning
from the.castle. Ft em ilia steamer herself
a private signal was thrown out, known
only to English merchant*, that a distinguished
personage was on board. Preparation
was made for his immediate reception
by his friends, but all was still as midnight.
The steamer anchored and Don
Martino, passenger from Havana, leaped
into the first boat lying alongside, landed on
the mole, nnd went to his friend, Pepe Zamora,
borrowed forty ounces, three horses,
hat, coat, and servant, and was past the
gates in less than thirty minutes, with a
fast hone and a clear track.
The mail from the steamer in the meantime
came on shore. Among the letters
were some to the Collector and others from
Gen. Campbell, our Consul nt Havana, disclosing
the fact that Gen. Marino Paredes
y Arrillaga, ex-President of Mexico, had
taken passage on the steamer, nnd direct*
tng them to look out for him. The information
came an hour too late; the bird had
flown. We gather these facts from one of
_l . _ i?i
our correspondents, ana oeiow we give a
letter from another, without having time to
ponder upon his speculations as to the influence
of the return of Paiodes upon the
war. , ...... *
We are deeply pained, to learn of the
uf:u.? .f .t? m.u r.r.-i...
ucuiu Ui vui, T1 U3UII, ui Mlu X^UI Iinauujf.
Ho was represented to us by the Jrist arrival
as convaloscent, but ho died the .evening
of the 12th inst.
' ;v\- . ' ' - , v
rrflprerx*v iiiu-mam/amm i iBM^cMg|
Correspondence of the Picayune.
Vera Cruz, Aug. 14.
It is with mortification and regret that I
have to inform you that Gen. Pa redes passed
through our city this morning, about
7 o'clock, in disguise, and before it was ascertained
that such was the case, he was far
out of our reach on his way to the city of
He arrived this morning on the royal
mail steamer Teviot, under an assumed
name, and entirely unknown to the captain
ol the vessel. As soon as the vessel came
to anchor he immediately came to the Mole
in a pilot boat, anil proceeded to tho heart
of (he city to the residence of a Mexican
merchant,to whom he made himself known,
and obtained from him a lound-jacktt, a sum*
i bnro and horses for himself and servant,
i and "bamoscd the ranch" without ceremony.
! One hundred dollars reward was offered
for his arrest as soon as information reach:
ed Col. Wilson that he was or had been in
the city, and every eflbrt was made to ar;
rrst him,hut the '-bird had flown" and given
! us a specimen of assurance and cunning
that would do credit to tiie father of Yankee
! The Mexican merchant who assisted in
the escape is repe Zamora, ami during this
search for Paredes his house was surrounj
(led. The oflicer entered and was assured
; by Mr. Zamora that Paredes was not in
the house. "Has he been here," was the
question asked. ;'Yes," replied Zamora
| very coolly. ''What did he want," asked
the American. ''He introduced himself to
me as CJen. Pa rede?, and asked me to be:
friend him, and L told him that I would.
lie then asked me to let him have a jackJ
ct, hat and horses, which I furnished him
' immediately, and he. has been gone from
here, two hour^. You are welcome to
1 \ if- I nnn riCDllen vnn (lint vn?i
??V ?? I V >? 9 will, 1 V.?UI V. ) v? ^ UU It (| I
not (ind him here, ami what I tell you is so.
There are his coat and hat, which you can
l;iUc along if you lilce."
i 1 forge.t to mention that a letter was sent
by the American Consul at Havana informing
the authorities here that Gen. Paretics
was on board, but it came to hand too
late to do any good.
There is hardly an American here but
I what felt that he could crawl through a
gimblet hole when the astounding news
U.,? i?.. . u ? . _ O..
llltll l?UCM*-0, 111U t'llt'lJiy IU OtIIII il
Anna, 1q Americans and to peacc, and tho
only man who at the pr? sent situation of affairs,
can partially rf store tho confidencc
of the Mexican people and inspire thorn
i once more with :i nope io conquer their enemies,
had passed, unknown and unmolest
ed, into and out of the gates of our city,
! He will no doubt make every effort to reach
| the oily before Geo. Scott does. The con
sequence will no doubt be the overthrow
of Santa Anna, and most likely he will
lake in hands the veins of (.Jovcrnment*
| crush all attempts at negotiation, and head
I the army in person against Gen. Scott,
' should he think it expedient ; but if not, fall
back to some place beyond the city and pre;
pare himself for another and perhaps better
! occasion. At all events he is just the man
I fjnit the iV! cv!cnns have ?Vuntin^cvsr
' sinrn the. hnttlrt of Onrrn Ci:mlo_ nnrl nmv
j thai he is with them once more, there is nu
j telling what mighty events may be the re;
suit of his return from exile.
The Pinon Pass, Near tub City op
Mexico.?Wc glean the following description
of the Pinon Pass'from the N. Y. Sun,
I It is only sixteen miles from the Capital,
| and it is probable that if Scott met with any
j resistance at all from Santa Anna, it was
j there offered him :
44 n>mrvn r^'i il* an t!in nrinAino I
x iiu i i iiuti JL uoo to on IIIU |;uuvi^ui
j road from Mexico to Puebla, sixteen miles
) from Mexico and sixty nine miles from
! Puebla. It is a narrow gorge between two
' volcanic mountains, about sixty rods wide,
I and the fortifications, which are built in the
| form of a half circle from mountain to
| mountain are about eighty roils in length.
The fortifications are composed' of stone
and earth of great strength, and are capable
I of mounting forty heavy cannon. Toward
! Puebla, the fortifications have a perfect con
non shot range tor more than a mile and a.
half, sweeping the entire road. Near the
mountain to the right, going toward Puebla,
on a high eminence, Santa Anna has erected
an Observatory, safe from cannon shot,
from which he intends watching the expected
battle. In case of defeat he has secured hi*
retreat to the Capital by a private path. A
battery of cannon has also been placed 0.11 a
hill to the right of the road beyond the Pass
towards Puebla. Some defences are also
erected on the two mountains which form
the Pass. The spot is admirably situated
? _ j.p i _ /-< :._i _ .1 j i .i_ _ c
iu ueicnu mo oapiuu, unci in uiu minus ui
any body hut Mexicans, would be impassable.
Santa Anna's Observatory is nearly
thirty feet higher than any of the surrounding
hills. Upwards of 30,000 men were
at work on the fortifications when our cou?
rier left. There is but one other road at all
practicable, by which the American .force
could advance, the "Annunciation" totho
South of the Puebla road, and this is defended
by still more difficult passes. There
is a road still South of this, but it is a mero
mule path. The probability is that Gen,
Scott's delay has forced another bloody battle
UDon our trooDS. which would have been
avoided had he marched directly from Corra
Gordo upon the Capital. Ere this, the hattie
has been probably fought, and we, wait
anxiously to chronicle the history of Gen.
Scott's reception at Pinon Pass."
A Lesson for fanancs.-^TKe result of
the Coolie" experiment in Jamaica is a
forcible exemplification o( the folly of
meddling with the institution of, Slavery,