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" LIBERTY AND MY NATIVE SOU.."
VOLUME IV. -? ? NTJMBEU 28. ;;j
ABBEVILLE C. II., S. C., SEPT. 8. 1847. ; -S
ytl' * ' '
Published every Wednesday Moraine by
CHARLES H. ALLEN,
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(WRITTEN FOR THE ABBEVILI.E BAN NEK.)
GEOLOGY, NO. 9.
!& ' . .
This being our last article upon the subV
^ . ject of Geology, we will appropriate it in
making a few remarks on Artesian Wells.
v The name comes from Aiitois, a province
in France, where considerable attention has
- - . < '
i been given to this means of obtaining pure
. water. There are many sections of country
where pure spring, or well water, cannot be
obtained by the ordinary processes of dig*
ging, &c. This is true in regard to some
sections of Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi,
and even to the " low country" of our own
State. Even in Charleston, the metropolis
of the State, leal rain water, constitutes
the purest, and best that can be obtained.
Recently the city council have resolved on
making another effort to construct an Artesian
well;?they have already bored seveiv
al hundred feet, and may have to boi |
oUUj or a l.tJUU leet, nelore lliey obtained
pure up country water. How do they cxpect
to procure this kind of water;-?up
country water in Charleston ? By referring
to our first article, it will be seen that we
stated that the crust of the earth was made
up of concentric strata of rock, arranged
like the layers of an Onion, and by referring
to our seventh, it will therp be seen that
we"stated, that from some internal secondary
cause, mountains had been thrown up,
producing great derangement in theorigi
nal formation. This id the case in the
mountainous region of this State. Notwithstanding
the derangements, however,
it is supposed- that the different strata of
n . rock present an unbroken formation, from
) the mountains, through the low country to
Charleston, and that they there dip under
the Ocean. The supposition is, that large
quantities of water is to be found between
. .. these strata, and that, that water is necessa:
rily derived from the up country. In the
t annexed wodd cut, we have attempted to
L show the relative situation of three of these
Y strata, represented by lt 2, and : ' .
' * . M : >- "
4 ?* . mm - - . ? 1 ? ?
it will spout'up from 10, to 20,"or 30, feet
above the surface of the earth, and as the
auger with which they bore has a diameter
of 8 inches, Charleston will thus be snpplied
with pure viffunia,inou\ water, In sufficient
quantitiea^br the consumption of tho.
As a matter of course, there are extensive
i nf'nrtvlVi lirinnr ilnnn tho tlr-it-i In wlii.tK
we have referred, which is represented by
the curved dotted line immediately over the
Facts about Digestion.?The Hartford
Review gives some fuels in reference tothe
nutritive and digestive qualities of various
articles of food, which may be of interest to
some of our readers. The Review says:?
Wheat is the most nutritious of all substances
except oil ; containing ninety-five parts
of nutriment to five of waste matter. Dry
peas, nuts, and barley, are nearly as nutritious
as wheat. Garden vegetables stand
lowest on the list, inasmuch as Ihey contain,
when fresh, a large portion of water. The
quantity of waste matter is more than eighttenths
of the whole. Only one-fortieth of a
cucumber is capable of being converted into
nutriment. The nutritious parts of the
different meats varies from one-fifth to oneeighth
of the whole. Veal is the most nutritious
; mutton next; then chichen ; then
beef; last pork. Fruits vary between two
and three-tenths of nutritious matter, and
the order is as follows, the most nutritious
UVIII?? JJIU^UU IIISl. A" 1U IMS, ilJjrit'U'.H,
cherries, peaches, gooseberries, apples,
strawberries, melons. Milk contains less
than one-tenth of nutritious matter, as it is
mainly composed of water.
Of all the articles of food, boiled rice is
digested in the shortest time?an hour.?
! As it al3o contains eight-tenths of nutritious
matter, it is also a valuable substance of diet.
Tripe and pig's feet, (strange to tell) are
! digested almost as rapidly. Apples, if
I sweet and rippe, nro. next in older. Veni
/son is digested almost as soon as apples.?
/Roasted polatt.es are digested in half the
[ time required b}r the same vegetables boiled,
which occupy three hours and a half?more
than beef or mutton. Bread occupies three
hours and a quarter. Stewed oysters and
boiled eggs are digested in three hours arid
a half?an hour more than is required by
the same article raw. Turkey and goose
are converted in two hours and a half?an
hour and a half sooner than chicken.?
Roasted veal, pork and salted beef, occupy
five hours and a half?the longest of all ar-'
tides of food.
Tomatoes for Cows.?It is net gercrally
known that this vegetable is a superior
article of food for milch cows. We have
tried it two summers, and find it decidedly
superior to any other vegetable we
have yet tried. They add greatly to the
quality, as to the richness of the milk, and%
give a rich golden color to the cream and
butter, which is at least pleasant to the eye,
even if the flavor is not improved. We do
nnt Irnnw. linwpvftr. that thfiv imnnrt nnv
T : 7 ? ?j i? j
richer flavor to the butter.
We have known, a cow to refuse them
when first "offered, but soon became very
fond _ef them ; others, we believe a large
majority eat them greedily from the first.
Thus far we have fed them only in the raw
state, but if boiled with corn meal, say half
and half,, or two-thirds tomatoes, they will
doubtless be far better.
To on? whom has a dairy farm, the cultivation
of an acre or two in tomatoes, would
be repaid by a greater pront than any vegetable
we. know. From an acre not less
than eight bushels might be gathered daily,
from July until frost. There is some trouble
in picking th m,' but then nearly every
farmer has cbildfen ; his little boys?aye,
and big boys too, would not be the worse
of little work. Wo should be glad to see
tlie experiment tried on a larger scale than
IHtrijt and to learn the result.
South Carolina Temperance Advocate.
- -Stubblb-^Lakds.?-Mowing lands from
whichheavjfefttodexuberent crops of hay
.1 . ?;? - . j
nave uocu iciuuvouj uruinaniy proquce an
after.motb, or "second in its
decomposed state; is capacified "to supply a
most excellent manure. It has been calculated
that a staute acre of well" set" swarth
land, provided the soil be ordinarily fertile,
contains from thirty to forty^tons 01 soluble
maue^il. or^ rrmy be^
ih autumn by the car^M inversion of tfc?
sod, and protected from the wastage of th?
desirable end. I have known some few
instances in which the turning in of green
crops, as a means of providing pabulum for
a crop of grain, has proved wholly unsuccessful.
Iii one instance a field of some
halt"a dozen acres was sown in oats; the
growth was heavy and so far as the crop was
concerned there was every prospect o( complete
success ; but th<* field was plowed just
as the grain was passing from the state of
nrnnnnnot t? ' *
^ivviimoo 11/ iii.iiuiuj, uiiu mu soii was in
no way benefitted but rather injured thereby.
Improved Candle Wicks. An improved
candle may be made by steeping
cotton wicks in lime-water in which a considerable
quantity of saltpetre (nitre) has
been dissolved. By this means is obtained
a pure flame and a superior light; a more
perfect combustion is insured; snuffing is
rendered nearly superfluous as in wax
lisrhts : and the candles thus marie rln not
run nor waste. The wicks should be thoroughly
dry before they arc covered with
tallow, otherwise they will not burn with a
uniform and clear light.
Corn and Corn-Meal Cooked.?There
can be no safer position assumed, in agricnltural
economy, than that there is most important
saving effected by cooking food.
Science has long since demonstrated the
fact, that quantity as well as quality, is
highly essential to the preservation of health,
hence the corrollary is irresistible, we think,
that both corn and meal, of whatever description,
as well as oats, barley ai>> every
_.i -C : - .1
umui spucie 01 grain, is-greatly increased
in value by cooking, when used as a food
lor stock. This will be more manifest, admitting
the first position to be correct, when
we state the obvious and well known fact,
that corn, by boiling, is increased two hundred
per cent, in bulk?corn-meal three
hundred per cent?that is, to be more explicit,
a bushel of northern corn, after being
steamed or boiled, will measure three bushels.
A bushel of corn-meal absorbs in the process
of cooking-, or rather requires for the
accomplishment of that object, nearly five
bushels of water?enough of the liquid being
taken in or absorbed, to increase in its
bulk from one bushel to four-and a half.?
Every pound of meal, therefore, will make
four and a half pounds of mush. These
facts, we think, should go far towards aiding
the introduction of cooking food as a
common practice ; as they.certainly exhibit
its advantages in strong light.
JUDGE MAGRAW'S YARN.
I About a Mocking JSird awl a Jackass.
Judge Magraxv. and the sad end he came
l to, will be remembered by many ! When
t sometime back, he was in the habit of visit|
ing St. Louis, his favorite house was the
I " Planters," and his favorite seat, especially
in the evenings, was either of the two front
Judge Magraw was the body of fun and
the soul of sentiment; so, of course, he always
had a hard set about him, and the
wtiy incy uacu id siuy uui, ui mgiii, selling1
with their legs cocked up, was a caution to
On the Judge's last visit to St. Louis, he
sat up as usual, one night, telling stories and
things, till neat-ly the whole crowd died,
laughing ! Each one, as he was killed, took
liimeelf off to be buried, till, finally, there
were but three survivors ! These, to save
their lives, insisted upon taking themselves
off, also, when the Judge., desperately rush
ed up stairs to his room in the third story,
opened the window to its widest gape, gave
one look up at the heavens, another down
at the brick pavement and then without a
prayer, threw himself?r- on the bed,?
for.it was a warm night, and the Judge
wanted plenty of air to assist his snoring.
Well, the Judge's last "story was a capital
one, and, peace to his spirit, we're going
to?spoil it, we fear.
" You see, R , a clever young fel-^
low, was giving his reminiscences of Spain)
1 I 1 ? ^
hum itinbu luuihiy iic iiau ju?i, itjiuriiea,
and he told, among the res^H* bird story,
that was a 'leetie too feathery to swallow.
It was about the Dute^Sf Modena having
taught a whole aviary -to^w.hi81le an overture,
the |?jy-of ctosing the peV^nce, advanr
cing and firing a pistol, when tfi^ongsters
wouM suddenly drop to tho gr<fSfctd, turn
overmjtheir backs, and appear ^.expire,
as iffjBfoh one had receivedrtthffiRp'eci al
I, "R /vMnoih.
1- ' ' J h/^rfi*h(Yt'tu0^
*??^- ,V vV'Vv'va"'' ' "V ~SZ:- ' *& $$?$?'!' J/l - ' ' :--J ' :! \ >
quit, in mortification. The cats were its
next victims, and I wish I may be shot, if
there was a "Tom" to open his lips for three
miles round. Dogs, Hogs and cattle generally
followed, ana even Deacon Good, that
used to give out the hyvies, had to clear out to
thejnext county. Well, finally thnre was nothing
left but a jackass belonging to an old
neighbor, and called Johenus, and he came
to see what he could do for the credit of
the county. Up he came to the fence un-,
der the China tree, and first he takes a good
long breath, and out he rips, and abetter
bray, prchaps, had'nt been heard often, but
I iwusiim circumstance?out came the bird
with a bray worth two of it, and off went
| old Jo., wild and cavortin', and hardly
| knowing- whether he had a right to considI
er himself a jack or not 1 After a while,
however, he recovered his confidence somewhat,
and up he comes again to the fenco,
and first he nerves himself,and next he takes
his wind, and finnllv out he eomos no-ain
w ? _0
perfectly awful; but 'twouldn't do, for, just
as easy, old birdee opens on him, and, Lord!
heels, head, mane, and tail, away he went
with a roll and a 'ruction, bringing up, finally,
against the road fence at the bottom
of the lawn." Perhaps you don't believe ?
Well, this was mighty bad, but after turning
it over in his mind a good while, old Jo.,
, thought it was a leetle too d 11 unjackassical
to be beat by a bird and so up he
comes, nerving himself again, but mighty
skerr\\ I tell VOll. " Go vnnr rlontK nlrl fel
? / * - - J .w
ler," said the bird to itself, and go it the jaclc
did, till all creation stood on end?jacJ^in
the bargain, but pride couldn't avail him.
Out came birdee, louder and longer, and
thicker and squarer, and all without the
first flutter, and Joheuus looked up once,
with a sort of t41 bequeath you my shoes"
expression, and just laid down and died?
perhaps you don'I believe it?
"* ics, i ao, saiu K 41 believe
a to be a lie, and an infernal insult into the
bargain, and I'll come mocking bird over
you, by thunder 1'"
But how Judge Magraw dvlrCt get whipped,
we must reserve, for another occasion,
notliking.to talk abouU^Eghting on Sunday.
A THRILLING SKETCH.
An iilvsniniia in TTnim??**
uu uuiuiiuiu lu juuugai)
FROM T1IE GERMAN.
On the third day after his departure from
Vienna, a horse dealer alighted at an inn,
situated at the entrance of a little town,
which, to all appearance, was respectable
and quiet. He recommended his horses to
the care of the landlord, dried his clothes at
the fire, and, as soon, as supper was ready,
sat down at the table, with the host and his
family, who appeared to be decent people.
During supper, the traveller was askp.d
where he came from, and on his answering
from Vienna, they were ail anxious to hear
some news from the capital. The horsedealer
told them all he knew.- The landlord
then asked him what business hah taken
him to Vienna, to which he replied that he
had been there to sell some of the very
finest horses that had ever appeared in the
At these words, the landlord looked very
significantly at the young man who sat opposite
him, and who appeared to be his son.
His expressive glance did not escape the
observation of the .traveller, who, however,
took no notice of it; yet he very soori afterwards
had cause to regret his want of caution.
Being in want of repose, he begged
the landlord, as soon as supper was finished,
to .show him to his room. The landlord
took a lamp, and conducted the travek
ler across the-yard, into a detached buifding,
which 'contained two tolerably *ne^
rooms/ A Ded was prepared at the farther*
end of the second.
As soon &8 the host hadretired, the travler
having undressed himself, unbuckledia
money belt'containing a considerable sum
/? i * ? i* . * .% - * * -
oi goia. ana took out ms pocket book, which
was. fun of Austrian bank notes.
Having convinced himself that his money
Jwas right, he placed,both under his pillow,
extinguished the light, and soon fell asleep,
thanking God and all the saints for the success
of his journey. He had slept but an
hour or two when he was suddenly awa-,
kened by the opening of the window, and
immediately felt the 'night air blow tjpon
Startled at this unforeseen circumstance,
the travieUer raised himself up in bed, and
perceived the head and shoulders of a man,,
who was struggling to gBt into the room ;
at the^ same time, he heard the voices of seV
vera! beraoris who Wtfrestahdincr uniArthiv
over, gave him little hope, for he had proba.
bly got intoxicated in order to summon up
courage for the contemplated crime?besides
this, the traveller had heard the
voices of persons outside, so that the mur
cterer, in case ot resistance, could count
i upon the assistance of his comrades.
But how great was his astonishment
when he saw the unknown personlErow *
his coat on the floor, and stretch himself
upon the bed he had just quit! A few moments
afterwards he heard the intruder
snore, and his terror gradually gave way
to reflection, although the whole affair was
quite incomprehensible to him.
He was just preparing to quit his hiding
-.1? ?? "
i picn.c, in uiuur ivj uwutieii me inmaies oi
the house, and ask another bed in place of
that from which he had been so unceremoniously
expelled, when a new incident occurred.
He heard the outer door carefully opened,
and, on listening, the sound of cautious
footsteps reached his ear. In a few mo-'
ments, the door of his room opened, and two
figures, those of the landlord, and his son,
stood on the threshold.
"Keep the lamp back!" muttered the father
in a suppressed voice. ? ^
"What have we to fear?" s.iirl thr> vmir?<*
man ; "we are two against one: besides
he has only a small knife with him, and is
sleeping soundly : hear how he snores."
"Do what I tell you," said the father angrily
; "do you wish to awake him 1 would
you have his cries alarmtherneig;hborhood?"
The horse-dealer was horrified with tho
spectacle. He remained motionless under
tflfi }ipH Spfircplv dariiiiv tn krnnlUfi
? vv?j uuniig IV Ul OUkUV/i 1UO
son shut the door after him, and the two
wretches approached the bed on tiptoe.
An instant afterwards, the bed was shook
by a convulsive motion, and a stifled cry of ,
pain confirmed the foreboding, that the unhappy
man in the bed, had had his throat
cut. After a short pause of awful silence, ,
the landlord said: . r-\
w It is all over now: look for the money." T
i "I have found it under the pillow,'?'sauKthe
son ; "it is in a leathern beli and a pocket
The murderers disappear6d.
J?.xrpmr (liinnr V?qir\ re n/\tvr *V./%
- - , ul| tuuig ublllg null; ,uia HUVC1"
ler crept Irom undfer the'bed, jumped out of
the window, and hastened to?the adjoining
town to inform the authorities of what had v v
happened; ' - ,
The mayor immediately assembled the"
military, and in less than three quarters of,
an hour, the inn was surrounded by soldiers
who had been summoned to arrest the v
murderers. The whole house seemed >
buried in profound silence, but on approach-*^ ^
ing the stables they heard a ' noise. The:
door was immediately broken in, and the' .
landlord and* his son. were seen busily dig-^i^'.^r
gingapit." As soon- ?s the .murderers saw.
the horse-dealer, they uttered a .cry of horror,
covered their faces with their hands, . : \
and'.fell to tlie ground. ?* vjs|
This was neither from repentance nor
the fear of punishment, but they ^thought
they saw before them the ghost of.the.mur- ,
dered man, notwithstanding they heard'JBB
spe&K. mere waa some trouble in [con- ~
vinci ng them to the contrary;., They';were ^
then bound, and led'to the out-house, where }
i the horrible deed had,be?n committed, an xr v &&
ious to see how the enigina would be solved.
mi _ ?'.m * "
i ne prisonere, appeared tolerably collected,
at least calm and sulletf> but, when, on >.
entering the room, they perceived- th? body '
which lay on the bed, 1 he son fell-senseless>
to the earth, and the father threw himself'
upon it, with loud lamentations* clasped .; V
the bloody corpse, and'exclaimed,:despair;-; ^ ;
' 4<My son ! ok my son ! t, thy father, ani'J^p. ' /
youngest son of the host; Drunkenn
was the only fault this young manjhad^nd^^'
this night, instead of heirtg, agr hia
and brother supposed, in his own, bed, he^V^-y
had gofiVout. secretly^qj>d^
rousing, with some of, his companion^Cftt ..
Soon becoming suflibienW: inebril^^P^^^^
and fearing hig father's angen if he iBp^PlA
hpfrttftiKim in kftt ratoto ViA i