Newspaper Page Text
ABBEVILLE C. H., S. C.:
Wednesday, 0?'t. 27. 1817.
Our . ?
We understand that some of our subscribers
expressed themselves dissatisfied that
they did not rcceive one of o.ur?extras last
week. We would state that we do not,
neither is it tlie custom ^in any oflicc, to
send extras when printed to every subscri
ber. The object is to circulate news
and for this purpose only a few are sen Ho
each ofliec as common property.. It would
not only consume loo much time, but be too
expensive to send extras to every subscriber.
'JTCkj ili-aiul AUraction.
On Saturday last, our citizens were
thrown into ecstasies by an exhibition ?>t
ground and lojly tumbling riding, negro
songs, c$r. At an early nour in the morning,
crowds were seen pouring in from all
:ni<l ] I linn ?rli tliic fji.
mous for patronising .'ieh shows, >ve do not
remember to have ever seen .so large ;i turn
out upon such an occasion. It is a little
singular that iliere should he such a disposition
manifested among all classes to visit
these places when the exhibitions are the
same thing over and over again, and when,
also, it is encouraging a set of worthless
characters who regard neither the Sabbath,
religion or morals, ap.d scarcely the decen
cies of life. Again, should they be encouraged
at this particular time whet"; South
Carolina, from the mountains to the sea
is in mourning for her gallant dead
who nobly i*-m their country's flag,
and whose stiffens. ? moulderjn?.
N beneath the Mexican s?^ ulJ?cy Uirow,
away upon that circus should have been cor
tributed to raise a fund to bring back our vc
lunteers who have perished in defence o
their country and in erecting over them i
Another thing that strikes us as Strang*
is this, had the same notice been given tha
Sit the churrh. whir*li wnc ?l-.~- - -< '
, ii'.^ailiun il SilUliU .
throw from the circus, a missionar\r sermor
would be preachcd to raise funds to senc
the Bible to the perishing heathen, how
many would have attended ? We venture
the assertion that two dozen of the number:
that came in from the country would nol
have been there, and perhaps a less number
of our villagers. O iempora ! O mores.
These things should not exist in a land o:
gospel privileges and among travellers tc
The Washington Union, of Wednesday,
states that the war Department has determined
to raise two new regiments forthwith?one
from Tennessee and the othei
from Michigan. There are ten more companies
in East Tennesse who have offered theii
services than could be accepted under the
last requisition. As. these companies are
still anxious to serve in the field, and were
not willing to abandon the idea until the go
1 1C- II ? * -
voimucin iu?i liiiciuy disposed ol the subject^
they will constitute one of the regiments
which are now called for. Thus they will
he better prepared to march to Mexico and
take the field, than perhaps any other regiment
that could he called out.
The volunteers of Michigan have manifested
the greatest eagerness to serve their
country ; and the other regiment is, therefore,
to be organized in that young and patriotic
Who can doubt the military spirit of our
people? or the capacity of the Pfivftrnmcnt
V o -- ...
to raise as many troops as they may demand
fur the conquest of the Mexicans ?
* A letter in the New Orleans Patria of
the 14th instant, dated Vera Cruz, October
- lfct,abates, in substance that an aid-de-camp
of Santa Anxa and a groom, who usually
accompanies the latter, had been in that ci*
ty where they arrived two days previously.
The inference is, that Santa Anna himself
lurking in the vicinity of the sea-coast,
intending to embarlt in the English steamft*?i
- - -
i?*cuway, which was to sail for Havana
the next day. The writer considers the
fact that since the appearance of the aid-decamp,
nothing more has been heard of
Santa Anna's being at Puebla, as confirming
the opinion that he is on the coast
watching an opportunity to quit the country.
TRIBUTE OF RESPECT TO CHANCELLOR
While the Court was iu session to day
Mr. Perrin arose and announced the death
| of Chancellor Harper, and requested that
j the business of the Court should be suspen
I tied, that the Bar might mark the event by 1
| an expression of sorrow and pay some tri
bute of respect to his memory.
Judge Richardson in a few appropriate
! and impressive remarks, expressed his high
! estimate of Chancellor Harper's character,
| and then ordered the court to be adjourned,
j Immediately after the adjournment a
, meeting' of the Bar was organized by calj
Iinjf Judge Richardson to the Chair and ap
t pointing the Clerk, Mr. T. P. Spierir? Secre,tary.
Mr. Perrin submitted the following pre|
amble and Resolutions, whjch #6re unani!
mousiy odopted by ihe meeting :
: Whereas, it ha? pleased Almighly God to
take from this world Chancellor William
I M..t ? ?
j 1 iur|iui, wiivi* |iuo.^uooui^ ^uuiuo aim nucr
; loot unsurpassed, combined with courtesy,
: charity, and all the social virtues ofouruaJ
| ture,an an eminent degree, endeared himself
to all who were associated with him and
j for so many years having adorned and shed
so much lustre upon the bench, we feel it
out duty, to bear the fullest testimony, to
' the force and cditipr.cliensivcness of his mind
j his great bearing arid spotless purity and
intrwrvif nnd in ovnn'S-i o:ir orlef and sa?ir>
pa thy at his lo ss.
Unsolved, Tint in Chancellor Harper the
State of South-Carolina, has lost one of her
most worthy ami eminent citizens, one of
purest, most useful, and distinguished of her
I public Officers, and we regard his death,
i not only as a public calamity, but an irrepa!
rable loss both to the profession and the
Resolved. That his Honor Judge Richardson
be requested t.o order that the foregoing
Preamble an 1 Resolutions be entered
on the Journals of the Court.
i On motion of Mr. Martin it. was Resolved>
5 that the secretary be directed to commuuii
' cate a copy of these Resolutions to the fami
! , b: of the deceased, and that the proceedings
1 j The meeting then adjbtrfneu.
" ; J. S. IUCHARDSON, Ch'n.
'* ' Tuos. P. Spierix, Secretary.
' When the business of Court was rcsum1
I od, Judge Richardson ordered the proceed!
ings of the meeting to bo entered on the
" I Journals of Court.
1 I Entered on Sessions and Common Pleas
s j Journals.
1 i Abbeville C. H. ) T. P. Spierin,
I j 20th Oct. 1847. $ Clerk of Court.
r j ?
s | Before the above meeting had adjourned
5 ! news arrived by express from Hamburg
I containing the particulars of the last battles
fought in Mexico, and that the South-Carolit
j na Regiment again coverod itself with glof
| ry. This news though glorious was min,
glcd with sadness as we read in the list of
the slain and wounded many names of our
friends and neighbors from this District.
Mr. Tillman kindly read to the crowd
Mr. Kendall's letters giving all the particuj
lars yet known. Mr. Perrin was then cali
led to the chair and briefly evpressed himi
self as to the melancholy tidings just heard.
I B. Y. Martin then rose and in a few feei
I : A?~AA 1 -
mg nviua uuuic^si'u nitj meciing', a.nu moved
for a committee of nine to report suitable
resolutions for the occasion. The chair appointed
Mr. Martin Chairman of the committee:
The meetting then adjourned un1
til next day at 1 o'clock.
| Thursday Oct. 21st. 1 o'clock. Thecomi
mittee then reported the following rcsoluj
Resolved, That the recent intelligence
I from I VlP Coil t war ko o ? ?:?1
...? .?... .?. ftino >.A^utu liiuui minus
emotions of mingled pride and melancholy:
?we rejoice in the brilliant triumphs of our
arms, we mourn the fall of our friends and
Resolved, That the thanks of the whole
American people are due to the army of
Gen. Scott, for the hardships it has patiently
endured,-the deeds of daring and heroism
it has perlormed, and the uninterrupted victories
and triumphs it has achieved and the
moderation and magnanimity displayed,
since its landing under the battlements of
San Juan dcUlloa, to its triumphal occupation
of the Mexican Capital.
Resolved, That the gallant bearing, veteran
courage, and undismayed valour
of the Palmetto Regiment has thrilled
with grateful pride the heart of ev?
ry South-Carolinian, whilst a whole people
mourn the untimely fate of so many of its
brave and gallant spirits.
Resolved, That in the fall of Lieut. J B.
Moragne; Sergt B. F. Mattjson ; W. B.
Devlin; J. Norwood and Jno. Patrjclf, and
the wounds of Capt. Marshall, Lieut. Selleck
and some of the rank and file, we have
the assurance that our own friends and
neighbors now in the midst of the mortal
strife courting danger at every point and
meeting with daring intrepidity the shock o(
J battle upon the field of glory and blood.
Resolved. That this war, which has been
hitherto conducted 011 our part with unexampled
moderation and forbearance, shou'ld
now be prosecuted with all the power of
the country, until the enemy shall be subdued,
or the Mexican nation sue for peace.
Resolved, That the thanks of this meeting
1 be tendered to Mr. G. Walker of Hamburg.,
for the generous public spirit which he ex- !
hibited in expressing to this place by a special
messenger the news of yesterday.
Messrs Thompson, Burt, Noble, Tillman,
and Cochran addressed the meeting in short
speeches highly appreciating the gallant
conduct of our regiment, and passing well
merited eulogiums upon its chivalrous conduct.
Mr. Noble offered the following resolution
to be annexed to those proposed by the
committee, which was accepted :
Resolved, That the deaths of Col. Butler
and Lt. Col. Dickinson who gallantly fell
at the head of the South-Carolina Regiment
deserve the expression of our sincerest grief
' and pity, as well as the proud feeling we
| experienced for their glorious death; and that
I 1^"" ' ^ i?r IV! % 1
XW UUUI 171 UR" WUUIIU VI
who so nobly sustained the conduct of Butj
ler and Dickinson with our hearts full of
j gratitude and sympathy, '
THOS. PERRIN. Ch'n.
Tnos. P. Spierin, Secretary.
Mr. Editor:?We "cannot resist paying
a feeble tribute of respect to a young Gentlenian?a
member of Captain Marshall's
company, who has recently fallen in Mexico.
We allude to 1st. sergeant, B. P.
Mattisox. This young man possessed a
i niirn nnd cnntli^sa <*hf?rni?fnr?-iinflinrhinir
j I "" f - - - o
integrity and undoubted pi?ty. He was an
ornament to society and an honor to his parents.
^ To err is human," buHve believe
j that this excellent young jnan had as few
j faults as man can have. When hi:
j country called for volunteers, he was
! amoi)? the first to rcsnond. He left a koine
j where he might have lived in affluence?
j gave up the society of doting parents and
j admiring friends?forsook all to obey his
country's call. He went, and his blood ha!
, been poured out on the plains of Mexico
! where his remains arc now reposing and
in our opinion when Gabriel's trumj
' have fallen'ute.V'Sj"?1 ?f
with a better evidence of a well spem
than B. F. Mattison. To his father anc
his mother we ofler all of the consolation w<
t can?our heart felt sympathies. B.
Abbeville C. H.
P. S,?Is it not practicable, Mr Editor
to remove the sleeping dust of those from
our District, who have fallen, privates, as
| urn 11 no *+ 11 - L. ? 1 J
trutA UU VilAUUlO UI1 1 1 U 111 111U UtiiOVCU
Moragne to the humble Starkey, home foi
interment, where a suitable tuoiiuinen
could be erected to their memory ? W<
are sure a sufficient fund could be gotten up
by voluntary contributions to effect this
The Foreign News.?Each successiv<
arrival from Europe brings an accession oi
disastrous commercial intelligenca, in which
all interest in political event is absorbed.
I Failure after failure in Grfint Rrimin nt
tests the intensity and generality of the iner
cantile distress, which is also unparalleled foi
its duration. Their is of course much anxiety
to ascertain the probable extent of the
re-action on this side ot the Atlantic. There
is one circumstance that will tend to palliate,
if it does not prevent, the severity of the
pressure in the United States. A large
amount of the earlier purchases of grain in
our markets were on American account, on
which the losses were not large, if any,
while those made at the later stages of the
speculation were on English account, on
which the sacrifices have been enormous.
Yet it is difficult to determine when, in the
constantly increasing circle of bankruntov.
houses ot ancient standing, which had no
agency in the Corn speculation, have fallen
from their high eminence, where the revulsion
will be arrested, and the limit of insol.
vency reached. If British and Continental
houses remarkab.e foi the general prudence
of their dealings, could not escape the effects
of the storm, having only remote connexions
with those which have been overthrown,
how is it possible that American
establishments with English connexions can
elude the consequences of their prostration.
In this respect the copimercial world is like
nnR mmmnnivnallK m ? ?
w.,? wwtaoMVM *f ill mu liucrcsid
of a common destiny bind them together
in an extended chain, however imperceptible
the links to common observation.
It will be perceived that the bank of England
has again put up the rate of interest,
which is a sign that an apprehension exists
on the part of that institution that the trouble
is not approximating to it* Jimit. Under
these circumstances it is matter of surprise
that the government ofEngland, if not directly
in the shape of relief to the mercantile
interest, but mediately through some change
or modification of the bank charter, does
not remove the fetters by which its free
movements are hampered, and its ability to
assist that interest precluded.
Char. Eve. News.
There an eruption of Mount Vp$u vius,
on the 2nd of August,
*">' V '
From the N. Y. Com. Aloerliscr, 19/A inst. I
Fifteen Days Later front
Arrival of the Steam Ship Cambria.
The Steam Ship Cambria, Capt. Judkins,
[ arrived this morning at Boston. The Cam
bria did not leave Liverpool until tlie ftth
inst.., consequently she made the passage in
less than fourteen days.
The belief entertained at the departure of
the last steamer, that the upward tendency
then indicated in this market would be
maintained, has by the terrific occurrences
of the last fortnight been wholly dispelled.
From a number of causes, the most
starring of which is the unparalleled derangement
of the Money market, the price
of breadstufls has gradually, but steadily
rpimnrrdflpfl thfi nulv article which h:is
~ ? "fc> * 7 ' .
preserved its firmness being Indian Corn.
A slackened demand has of course materially
contributed to this result, but this cause
must be regarded as merely temporary.
At the London Com Exchange, yesterday,
the arrivals of Knglish grain were
small, owing to which and the unusually
large attendance of purchasers, the demand
was somewhat active at an advance of from
one to two shillings per quarter upon the
previous Monday's quotations*. Notwithstanding
the large supplies again brought
forward, an avefage amount of business was
done and the maiket closed firmly.
The prices of Cotton since our last advices
have, it will be observed, seriously receded.
A circumstance indisputably resulting
from the aggravated condition of the
money maricei ana ine consequent impossibility,
save in the rarest instances, of obtaining
accommodation, the universal panic
which has seized upon m-inufacturers and
th? total extinction of every thing like speculative
effort. In the lower quality particularly
the decline is more severely felt and
operations since the arrival of the Caledo
, nia have been of the most limited character,
The sales for the week ending the firsi
were about 21,000 bales, of which 800 on!)
' i were on speculation and 2,000 for export,
5 i On Saturdav the 2d. the sales were aboul
. 3.000, and yesterday 4,000 were disposed of,
all to ponsumers, speculation being entirely
suspended, and the demand being dispro
portioned to the supply.
' Commercial and Financial.?The fear
5 fill condition of mercantile and monetary
, affairs recorded in our last summary, anc
then rapidly culminating to a point of dis
tress and derangement rarely reached bv
the organs of commercial vision, h;is withir
5 the last fortnight become vividly developec
> in all its disastrous reality. One after an
.h?c ?.??? -- uuon failure, eacl
j one vibrating throughout ever,.- uvenue n
4 trade und involving in its glGomy const
quenoes those who but for their unfortunati
connexion with the defaulter, could have
withstood the shock of the commercia
Of the numerous causes to which thii
dreary stute of things is assignable, the
most palpable appears to be the misreguln
tion of the money power?a system origina
ting with the Bank of England, and eager
!y imitated by all other money lenders
whereby gold has become too dear to buy
and accommodation a phantom
' The reflex of a system so fatal to ?ht
prosperity of trade has been deeply fcl
alike by the merchant and the manuf'actu
rer, and the attestations of its consequencej
* can be found in harrowing abundance ir
' the crippled counting house and thedesertec
will be convened on the 14th instant, bul
r not for the despatch of business.
The Aslatic Cholera is making fcar.
> ful ravages in Russia, and in consequence
>* of its appearance in Warsaw, the Emperoi
had deferred his visit to Poland, a circum.
stance not regretted by the people of thai
i Switzerland.?Active preparations are
making in Switzerland for suppressing the
i Sonderbund by force of arms; a sanguinary
civil war is apprehended from the resolution
of the latter to resist the Diet. Two
PflntnnQ nlnnp nro nrnnarnd
V~...W..W Ml vy J7 V/|/U ft VU U 111! "SVjVJV/VJ
men to take the field.
The news from Italy presents no new
feature ; the Pope is firm and the Austrians
do not seem inclined to provoke hostilities.
The uffairs of Spain are still very unsettled.
Catalonia continues to be disturbed by
Carlist bands and the entire line of the
Pyrenees is in a state of blockade.
Palmetto Regiment.?Truly this regiment
may be called the devoted. It will be
recollected that in the battles of the 18th
ow,l iaiu a .1--: l i
unu Ai7i.il ui August, inuir \vnoie neia lorce
was about 275 men?so thinned down had
they been by sickness and death. In those
battles they had nearly the half killed and
wounded?leaving about 140 unharmed
and fit for duty. It is true that many of
those slightly wounded may have resumed
their places in the ranks, and on the other
hand some may have since become discharged
by sickness and other contingencies.
Say that their field strength in the battles
at the taking of the city of Mexico ranged
from 140 to 200 ; it could hardly have exceeded
the latter number. Now Mr. Kendall's
report of their loss (which is doubtless
correct,) makes it 16 killed and 83 wound
ed?an aggregate of 99 out of 200 at the
outside. No better showing than this, in
the way of fighting, has been made by any
regiment during the war. Add to this that
of their three field officers, ttvo having been
killed) and the other severely wbanded.
Two adjutants have also been severely
wounded in succession.?Evening News.
From the Charleston Courier.
Interesting Letter.?The following
extract of a letter from an officer of the army,
engaged in the recent terrific encounters
that have taken place before and in the
City of Mexico, is of absorbing interest, inasmuch
as it gives us the ioteJligence of the
Qft (ptif n ( n mimKor n i mi r nrollnnt amnio in
WUIV? J vr. M ?/V? V** VV?| gtlllUIIV Q|/M HO.J I IE
whoso fate the feelings of many of our citizens
are most deepjy involved.
It will be seen that Major Gladden and
Lit. Robertson are mentioned as unhurt.?
The published accounts stale that both were
wounded, which we think was probably the
case, but the letter brings us to the gratifying
conclusion that their wouuds were
slight, and that they have both recovered.
The writer of the letter would have known
if either had been severely injured, while
the nature of his duties were of such an arrlnnnc
r:iplpr nc tn PomL?r it unrir nrnliu
I bio that a slight wound might not have come
under his observation.
' City of Mkxico, Sept. 26, 1847.
<? Sincc last writing-, we have had some
very hard fighting. We lost many men
on the 13th, when we took Chapultepec,
and on the enterance into the Oity. On
the 8th, in my regiment ?the 7th infantry
?we hud had more than one hundred and
twenty men and nine officers wounded, besides
the killed, which was proportionately
large. You no doubt see detailed accounts
of the different battles in all the papers, so I
will not take time to describe them. Ifyou
see anv of the Blandinp. or Desaussure, or
Stanley, or Gladden family, you cau say
that they are unhurt. I know how anxious
the families of these citizen soldiers must be,
and how great a satisfaction it will prove
to them to hear of the safety oftheir relations.
Lieut. Robertson is also unhurt. Few opportunities
occur of writing to the United
States, and it is by a special favor I get this
icnt to assure you of my personal safety.
" On the 8th inst., Assistant Surgeon Roberts
was severely wounded, and Dr. Simmons,
of South-Carolina, struck in the neck
by a spent ball. The latter has recoverL
r Posthumous Wqkks of Dr. Chalmers.
?We are gratified to see by our London
H,xenunges that the literary remains ottne
late Dr. Chalmers are of inestimable value.
| Among his manuscripts,says the Observer,
is a commentary on the Scriptures, as far
as Jeiemiah. The Commentary we understand,
differs in its plan from the Com-*
j merilaries of Poole, Henry, Scott, and Clark,
and is written in a manner which is sure to
render it popular among all classes' of Ev
1 angelical Christian Among the manuscripts
fully written out, and in a fit state
l?r puijiiuttvion, ?xro nlso the series of lectures
W'hirh ho. ns PlVifi>ccnr nPltiuinii., ?u?
??w vtv/CkJV/t U1 Bit 11115
5 University of Edinburgh, addressed to the
students, whose theological education was
committed to his care. These lectures are
5 understood to be singularly original and
J brilliant. There has likewise been found
" among the corresnondece which Dr. Cha^
mers carried on with nearly all the distin'
guished men of the present century, a num*
ber of letters of a deeply interesting nature,
> sufficient to make, with a memoir of himself,
four large octavo volumes. The whofe
3 of the Rev. gentleman's manuscripts have
1 been bought by Mr. Thomas Constable,
brother-in-law of Mr. Cowan, the new memi
ber for Edinburgh, and son of Mr. Consia'
ble, the friend of Sir Walter Scottt and pu'
blisher of all his works. Mr. Constable has
given the enormous sum of ?10.000 for
t Dr. Chalmers' nanuscripts?a sum, we het
lieve, much greater than was ever before
given for ihe posthumous works of an au.
thor. The largest amount ever given, un>
der similar circumstances, was .?4,000,
which Mr. Murray gave to the sons of Mr.
. Wilberforce for his " Life and Correspond
the Pendleton Messenger.
THE RAIL ROAD
A meeting of the Stockhelders in th?
Greenville Kail Road is to be held at Ne\vberry
C. H. on the 19th of November when
it is probable the route will be decided.?
It is important that all who have subscribed
should appoint proxies to represent them, or
they can have no voice in the selection.
We adhere to the opinion heretofore expressed,
that if Columbia is fixed on as the
lower terminus, ^ie road will not touch
either Abbeville or Anderson Districts if
built at all. It would be too circuitous and
expensive. But if Aiken or Hamburg
should be substituted, the road will pass entirely
through Edgefield and Abbeville, and
if taken to the Pickens line, or within a
few miles of it before diverging to Greenville,
almost entirely through Anderson also.
The nrnxies frnm this nart of thfi pniintrv
would surely do well to consider the ad'
vantages of this route.
We think it extremely doubtful whether
the amount subscribed, with the conflicting
opinions, will 6ecure the road under the
charter, and we are clearly of the opinion,
that the wisest course would be to amend,
or rather blend the two charters of the
Greenville and Edgefield companies, at the
next session. If this cannot be effected,
our best policy (on the west of Saluda,) will
be to join the latter with all our meg,7is} in
extending the road. A writer in a late
number of the Charleston Mercury, urges,
very forcibly, the advantages ofnhe route
west of Saluda. He gives the statistics
which appeared in our paper of week before
last, shewing the vast superiority in
production of the westeiXover theeastern
districts, bordering on that river; and makes
the foUo wing judicious observations f :