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" LIBERTY AND MY NATIVE SOIL."
OLUME IY. ? -- - - 1 NUMBER 38.
ABBEVILLE C. H., S. C., NOVEMBER 17, 1847.
Published every Wednesday Morning by
CHARLES H. ALLEN,
KDITOR AM) PltOl'llIETOlt.
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(KOK Till! AUlJKVlLl.i: It ANN E It.)
INCIDENTS OF TRAVEL.
It \va? mv fortune to be at Lexington
during comtncncemcnl season. This was
truly a time of intellectual refreshing. On
each day we had served up, to our excited
anneiite. n ricli liti*rnrv n?n:i<if?
, J ? I ? .111
the aromatics of brilliant capaeites, perfumed
with tlie rich savor of correct taste
and sound judgement, and to which was
added the peculiar zest of graceful energetic
delivery. These rich viand were devoured,
it is presumed, with merited but modest rapacity.
Perhaps the Alumni Address exhibited
a want of confidence in the authors own
intellectual con viction, by its too?too frequent
and lengthy quotations. The anniversary
oration, at times, seemed to earnest
ly covet that applause the subject condemned. I
The similarity of thought and expression !
occasional!}' observable in the exercises of
the graduating classes, could, and ought to
have been avoided. The Cadets as was
before intimated, have not sulliciently cultivated
that fascinating and powerful art,
which was Demosthenes' favorite study.
I was present and heard the honorary denrVAn
nf* >-< ( v. ~ -?^
v.* i^uv-iui ui ui\ miiy cuuu'-rreu on our
learned and talented fellow-citizen Rev.
E. E. Pressly of Erekine College. On the
same interesting* occasion the 6econd class
of cadets presented a splendid sword to
Major Gill.ui of the Instituc, as a testimonial
of their high regard for ihe valor and
intrepidity he exhibited in the hour of danger,
011 Mexico's bloody plains. The presentation
was made by an individual appointed
fortye purpose, and was accompanied
by a few appropriate and touching re
marks; and llie modest retiring, Major
?rose to respond; but lo! not a wheel of
his mind or vocalities would move. And
there the unhappy man slood in withering
suspense, and growing beautifully less, and
no generous friend would offer him the
timely and acceptable relief the exigencies
of his awfully critical condition demanded.
He greatly needed the friendly interposition
of Mr. Rojjeiitson of the house of Burgesses
to call out " Major, Major sit down ; your
modesty alone is fqual to your merit."
Rockbridge will furnish quite a treat lo
the votery of curiosity. The marvellous
and the romantic of this county will astonish
the understanding, and chann the fancy
at every step. Dame Nature must have
been vaulting in her wildest fantacies, and
most capricious freaks when this eccentric
daughter was conceived. Evidence of this
supposition obtrudes itself upon the mind
jn every aspect she is viewed. Here are
frequently found crystalized quarts of
perfectly regular formation and exquisite
polish?transparent as glass, and in the interior
of which may he seen a drop of water.
On first inspection the idea occurred to me
that the water drop was an optical illusion,
but further investigation confirms the reality
of the appearance. Fragments of these
rrvstiilc ninii C.111.J ?:
^. j nm y .UK; iUlUlUj W UIS$CU\ CT C VI"
dence of being sundered, by the congealation
and expansion of this water during the
rigors of winter. One was recently found,
having on three of its sides clearly and accurately
delineated the form of a coffin.
3ome are sections of extagons and prustrums
of sextagonal pyramids or obelisks piled
upon and cemented with each other in a
very singular and romantic style. Other
are nearly octaedrons transparent and of a
vcrmillion color. Occasionally jire found
in this region objects, which have the appearance,
which [ candidly think arc teeth
of the extinct Mastodons. A few specimens
of these rare and interesting curiosities are
now in my possession : which will be cheer,
fully exhibited to any individual desirous
of investigating the mysteries of nature.
OORRESPONDKNCE OK T1IE AllUEVILLE BANNER.
CI1KSTEUV1LLE, OCT. 20, 1817.
Mr. Llditor:?A word or two more if
you please about "old Chester." In regard
to education, the people of thU district will
not be a loser by comparison with most of
the upper districts of our State. There are
several high schools where all the rudiments
of an ordinary, practical education may be
acquired. Schools arc to be foutid in most
of the settlements and villages of the ordinary
class. I suppose, however, you would
turn up your nose at me if 1 were to say, we
have as many smart men, and well educated
ladies here, all things considered, as
you have in " old Abbeville" whose vanity
is so great that she claims to be " the Alliens
of South Carolina." If it would not be regarded
as a piece of down right impudence,
I might intimate to you, that. u your
trumpeter is dead," &c, on ihe subject of
i emperance, our people. arc wide awake 111
many sections. Laige meetings are being
held, and many arc uniting with the cold
water army. The first Juvenile Temperance
Society formed in our State, was organised
last summer by our friend Major
Jr. B. McCully, who by the way, is a host
in himself, and I hesitate not to say, you
have no man, in your district who can ex
c.ei linn in atlachmcnt to, and efforts for, the
good cause of tempcrance, \vc are going
ahead, and intend to keep in the front ranks
of the army. I saw not long ago a communication
in the South Carolina Temperance
Advocate eulogizing most extravagantly
" o d Abbeville" and her " Literary Institutions,"
but, not one word was said about the
Temperance cause, which used to flourish
in "your diggins" so abundantly. This
same u man of the quill," ulludcd to i: old
Chester" in rather a jocular strain, and
spoke of her " llarbacues," Pick Nicks,"
av? r i i? i?
ivu. iiui?| x ucij luiivi; iu ailj , lllUl. ^ Oil
must not infer from this remark, that, on all
these occasions drinking whiskey and gelting
gloriously drunk were the order of the
day; by, no means. Many of those accasions
were marked by the absence of" fire
water" and drinking men, and u lots" of the
fair ladies of the country were out to grace
by their presence and smiles the proceedings.
TIlP nonilll* nf'thie: ft Vrt /-mil/* o.w.I.?t? I??
i j - " ? U""1- wl1and
friendly, and sometimes" a barbacue"
or li pick nick," (t is gotten up" with 110 specific
object in view * and, I ain disposed to
regard this as an indication of the presence,
and enjoyment of thuse high, refined social
feelings, of which, man, under the plastic
influence of civilization, education and religion
is so highly capable. The people are
not all on an equality, for we have our
<c Aristocracy too," made up in part of wealth,
education, and a few little veins of blood
which, tradition says runs back to an
' illustrious revolutionary ancestry." Now
my opinion about aristocracy is this; it
does not consist in negroes, houses or lands;
it does not consist in honorable relationships
or military titles, nor yet simply 111 education
; it is embraced in these very emphatic
words of Pope:
u Honor and shame from no condition rise
Act well your j>arl, there all the honor lies."
The italicisin" is mv own. Here is the
secret of true aristocratic excellence. lie
who acts well his part, in every respect, in
Iho great drama of life, is the noblest of
aristocrats,'will you not most heartily subscribe
to this doctrine. Religion has not
flourished much within the last few years,
though there are churches a plenty, and
j preachers of the right stamp to occupy.
The leading denominations are Presbyterian,
Cecedar, Methodist, and Baptist, There is
one Minister of the P. E. Church and a
few communacants also, but, the forms and
services of this church, do not seem to take
well with the people in " the upper country."
The ministers anil people of the different
persuasions aro pretty .much like the Jews
and Samaritans were in " older times,"
I they have no dealings with each other."
u Each one acts as though the old adage
"Every man lor himself,ami God for us all"
formed part and parcel for his religious
faith. This want of union and fraternal
feeling amongst the followers of Christ has
given rise to much infidelity an d universalism.
Christians might be perfectly agreed
in feeling, and in effort, for the conversion
of sinners, "from the error of their ways"
without the slightest compromise of any
principle of belief or church usairo. Of
O - late
in several churches in the district gracious
visitations ol" mercy and grace have
been witnessed, and many sinners have been
convened and added to the fold of Christ.
May the Lord of the harvest increase the
members. Mori: Axon*.
LATEST FROM MEXICO.
From the N. O. Pic. Il.ctra, 5, inst.
Arrival of the Steamship New Orleans.
The steamship New Orleans, Captain
Auld, arrived this morning, having left
Vera Cruz on the 1st inst
The British courier arrived at Vera Cruz
on the ills! i?f* Orfnhrr. hnvinnr l^Ci
... ? 7 " * * "'"O *VI* *'tV* *llV'U
oil tlic 29ih, to which ilate we lmve letters
Gen. Lane entered Puebla on the 13th
ult., with 3,000 men and six pieces of artillery?so
says a despatch of Santa Anna.
The latter could effect nothing against him
on the Pinal.
Gen. Smith has been appointed Ciovernor
of the city of Mexico. Gen. Quitman is
about to return to the United States. Gen.
Shields, Capt. Phil. Kearney. Capt. Davis,
T ,r?inf lv"irrin* on/I ... . I I
uviut. iiuii uuiu uiuv,i;ia win
'I'he health of the army is far from being
good- The climate of the valley of Mexico
is not, as it appears, congenial to the constitutions
of the South. It is just as enervating
and fatal to the Southern, as that of
Vera Cruz to the Northern constitutions.
The effective force of the entire army is
reduced ten or fifteen per cent.
The city of Mexico was filled with rumors
of peace. It was said that a quorum
had met at Q,ueretaro, and that the majori1...I
i* - ? ' 1 *
iy uc^iuuu in i.ivur ui an umicauie aujustinent
Tlie train which is tocornc down will be
under the command of Col. Harney. A
great number of wounded officers are to
IVIaj. Gaines, Capt. Cassins M. Clay,
Capt. Heady, Maj. Rowland, Capt. Dan ley
and Midshipman Rodgers come home, and
we are happy to add our associate Mr. lvendull.
Mr. Bankhead' the British Minister, arrived
at Vera Cruz on tho 30th ult, and
IVslfi iritli miliforir Iinnm-.I
A letter from an English house dated
Pucbla, October 20th, has been received at
Vera Cruz, from which our correspondent
makes the following extract:
Puebla, Oct. 20.
***** However, we may soon
have our communication open for 1500 Amerieans
left yesterday with eight pieces of
artillery, and entered Atiisco, as we understand,
with verv slight resistence. Particn
lars have not yet transpired.
This will make our State Government
remove to a distance, and carry along with
it the guerillas which have been doing so
much injury, 'l'hey all (guerillas) came
from a distance?the population in our
immediate neighborhood never having
shown any great disposition to take up arms
in the present war.
The principal part of the force recently
1 . n i A i . i . t
unuer aania Anna js unuersioou 10 nave
mrached for Puebla. Being entirely unprovided
for. they subsisted by rapine and
Lieut C. B. Daniels, of the 21 Artillery,
has died of his wounds.
It is said, and we believe truly, that Capt.
Walker, of the lliflcs, was kdled in the affair
at Huamantla. Capt. W. left the castle
of Perote in command of of three companies
in advance of Gen. Lane's train.?
Nine miles south of Puebla he met 900
Mexicans, said to be under the immediate
command of Santa Anna. In charging.
Capt. W. received a lance wound entirely
through the bodv. and also lost a les bv a
o V .* ^ ^ f
cannon shot. His personal antagonist in
the charge, and who lanced him, was a celebrated
guerilla chief; it is said that he had
sworn vengance against Capt. W. But
he, too, fell in the conflict, and by Walker's
hands, receiving two balls from his revolver.
Capt. Lyall. and eighteen men of his company
of mounted Georgians, and from six
to ten of the Rifles, are also known to have
been killed in the charge of Capt. Walker.
A man named llaborg, of Baltimore, interpreter
for Capt. Walker, lost a leg from a
discharge of artillery. Col Wynkoop writes
that the Mexicans were slaughtered after
tliis like sheep.
A duel was fought near Vera Cruz, between
Capts. Warrington and White, with
musitcis, sixiy paces. At the lirst lire Capt. J
Warrington received a ball through the |
fleshy part ol both legs below the knee.
A duel was fought about the 24th ult.
between Capt. Porter of the rifles, and Archer
of the voltiguers. At the second lire
Capt Archer was shot in the abdomen?a
severe but not a dangerous wound.
Cen. Mora y Vilamil has been appointed
Mexican Secretary of War.
Lieut Shackelford, of the 2d Artillery has
died of his wounds.
As far back as the 14th ult. Gens. Pillow
and Shields were able to be about.
The 4 Leouidas" letter made a great stir
in the army. One of the above duels grew
out of it.
The American Star says that the Americans
have entered Orizaba. Their force
was about 400?we suppose principally
mounted men. No opposition was made
to them. Many merchants went in with
Gen. Patterson's command lias not left
Vera Cruz. It will be composed of at least
5000 men. The Texan Rangers go up with
Assistant Surgeon T red well died at Vera
Cruz on the 24th ult., of vdPnito.
Gen. Marshall is ill at Vera Cruz and
will not be able to go up with Gen. Patterson.
lie will wait till Gen. Butler's divisoin
Llieilf. Slnoil- nf ll>P Rnnlll P.orAlInn 15"
~..7 W. M^uvii VUIU1IUU HU"
giment, and Capt lluddleson, of the l4th
Infantry, are dead; the former of ilis wounds
and the laiter of a bowel complaint.
There were several shocks of earthquake
at the ciiy of Mexico on the morning of the
'2d of October, and again at midnight on
the 5th. They do not appear to have been
very severe, as no damage was done in the
city with the exception of cracking a few
A new paper has been established in the
capital entitled La Kazon. It is published
entirely in Spanish, is a democratic paper
and advocates the re-establishment of the
constitution of '24.
Lieutenant Joseph D. Bacon, of the Gth
Infantry, died on the 12th ultimo of wounds
received at the battle of Churubusco. !
The newpaper El Mexicana of the 14th
ultimo says it has received letters from Q,ueretaro,
in which it is stated that General 1
Almonte has been received there with 1
marked courtesy by the persons who appeared
to be most in power, and it was
feared that they were concocting a pronun- 1
nunciamento against the lawful Govemineni.
The North American, a new paper establishment
in the capital, and published in
both Spanish and English, says, on the 15th
ult: It appears that a large number of j
uepuues or me congress, forming a junta, (
have got up a protest against Pena y Pena
holding the Presidential power.
Captain Pierson of the New Nork Regiment
of Volunteers, died on the lOihultimo 1
of wounds received in storming Chapulte- '
Senor Rosa, the Mexican Secretary of ,
State, has, under the instructions of Pena y
Pena, addressed Santa Anna a note from
Toluca, ordering him to give up the com- '
maud of the army to General Rincon, until J
his conduct in the late battles shall have <
been investigated by a military council or
A letter dated the 12th ultimo, received ^
at the capital from Queretaro, says Pena y ?
Pena had just arrived, in company with a ^
few deputies, making- the total number in
the the capital about fifty. It was thought, ^
says the Star, endeavors would be made at
once to organize a Government, which ^
would settle the question of peace or war. ,
If a quorum of Congress could be assembled,
the first question which would be
brought up would be the presidency. Al
l _ c iL i- -l _ . r I
iiiuuiu wua s|juiiuii 01 us me cunuiuaie 01
the Puros and some of the Moderos, and ,
Olaguibel, Governor of the State of Mexico,
as the candidate of the opposing parties?
Nearly all the officers of the dispersed army (
were at Glueretaro, and it is said found it
hard to obtain subsistance. '
The Star is assured by a Mexican that (
the cathedral o^Guadalajara had been sacked
by the parties opposing the church. The
Star thinks there is something important (
and 'deep rooted' in this.
Earthquakes, says the North American i
of the 29th ult.. are at the mfesent time of
very frequent occurrence in this beautiful i
country. A few weeks ago the village of
Ocotla was totally destroyed. The Canton 1
de la Barca has also suffered a severe shake
throwing down houses and the tower of the
principal church. We have had four of |i
these unpleasant visitors in this city since
our occupation of it.
The Mexican Eagle, is the name of a
new Mexican journal, just commenced at
the capital. The editor docs not believe
in opposing obstacles to any negotiations
that may lead to an amicable adjustment
of the differences, and says that Providence
has decreed the destiny of the nation. The
following is the substance of a motto at the
head of the Eagle: "An honorable peace
ennobles nations, and the magnanimity of
the north will not let them offer us terms
other than honorable."
Vjrcns. ltincon and hJravo have been exchanged
for Capts. lleady and C. M. Clay,
and other Encarnacion prisoners.
There has been a revolution in Guadalajara.
Mr. Kendall thinks Gomez Farias
is at the bottom of it.
Tiie Girl with this Red Siiawl on.?
An exchange paper tells the following singular
story, which we are satisfied is no loss
strange than true?as we know Mr. Weeks
personally ; and know also that his " word
is as good as his bond."?N. Y. Globe.
A young lady from New York went in
10 uie iiciu near Jamaica -with a red shawl
on, which so excited some turkeys that they
made an attack on the fair owner. A small
dog that was with her seized the leader of
the bipeds by the wing, and his teeth became
entangled in the feathers. An eagle
of tremendous size, who had been noticed
about the neighborhood for some days, observing
what was going on, descended from
his " home in the skies," and with one fell
swoop carried off turkey and dog. His
flight being somewhat impeded by his load,
an unleelmg sportsman took advantage
thereof, and, at a shot, brought down eagle,
turkey, and dog! In the maw of the eagle
was found a trout weighing two pounds !
If any think this a Munchausen story let
them inquire of Caleb Weeks, Esq., at his
hotel. Jamaica. He can show the birds,
beast, and fish as proof of the truth.
Fighting Parson.?We have seen it
stated that one of the companies from Mississippi,
at the battle of Buena Vista, was
commanded by a Methodist minister. Just
before the battle conneneed, and whilst the
troops were lornnng, it is said he delivered
the following pithy prayer, at the head of
u Be with us this day in the conflict, Oh
Lord ! We are are few, and tho enemy
are many. Be with us us thou wert with
Joshua when he went down from Gilgal to
Beth-ho-ron and Ajalon, to smite the Amorites.
We do not ask thee for the sun and
moon to stand still, but ^rant us plenty of
powder, plenty of daylight, andno coward3.
Take old Rough and Ready under thy special
charge. Amen 1 M-a-r-c-h.
His company performed prodigies on the
n?i,j ,i.?. j
uciu uiui uuy.
FATE OF THE APOSTLES.
St. Matthew.?This apostle and evangelist
is supposed lo have suttered martyrdom,
or was slain with a sword at a city
St. Mark.?This evangelist was dragged
through the streets of Alexandria, in Egypt,
until he expired.
St. Luke.?This evangelist was hanged
upon an olive-tree in Greece.
St. John.?This apostle and evangelist
was put into a caldron of boiling oil, at
Rome, and escaped death. He afterwards
3ied a natural death at Ephesus, in Asia.
St. Peter.?This apostle was crucified
until li 10 rlAiimttmi*/! <at liici r\it; 11 rnniioct
ithm?nuoauui??i.i?uiu "< "?.? '"-r1"")
hinking himself unworthy to die in the
jame position and manner as his blessed
St. James the great.?This apostle was
L>eheaded at Jerusalem.
St. James the less.?This apostle was
thrown from a pinnacle or wing of the
l'emple, and beaten to death with a fuller's
St. Phillip.?This apostle was hanged
up to a pillar at Hicrapolis, a city of Phrygia.
St. Bartholomew.?This apostle was
flayed alive by the command of a barba <nno
St. Andrew.?This apostle was bound
to a cross, from whence he preached to the
people till he expired.
St. Thomas.?This apostle was run
through with a dirk, at Cormandel, in the
St. Jude.?This apostle was shot to
death with arrows.
St. SiaioN.?Zealot?This apostle was
crucified in Persia.
St. Mathias.?This apostle was stoned
and then beheaded.
St. Barnabas.?This apostle of the Gentiles
was stoned to death by the Jews at
St. Paul.?This apostle wus beheaded
it Rome by the tyrant Nero.