Newspaper Page Text
i " LIBERTY AND I?IY NATIVE SOIL."
VOLUME 17. NUMBER 43.
! ABBEVILLE C. II., S. C., DECEMBER 22, 1847.
Published evrrv Wednesday flloniins bv
CHARLES 1L ALLEN,
HDITOll AN1) PKOl'KIKTOH.
XERitffS.?1.50 if paid within throe months
from the time of subscribing, or !$r2.()0 if paid
within six mouth*, and !jj>:2.50 if not paid until
the end of the year. No subscription received
for less than six months, and no paper discontinued
until all arrearages arc paid. Subscript ions
will bo continued unless notice be given otherwise,
previous to the closo of volume.
'iD' No paper will be sent out of the State unless
payment is made in advance.
ADVERTISEMENTS, inserted at 75 cts. per
square of twelve lines for the first insertion, and
37 1-2 cts. for each continuance. Those not ha
....6 .......... V,. Ilicuinmo ...... IV.U
upon them, will bo continued until ordered out
uitd charged accordingly.
BCT Estrays Tolled, $?:>.U(), to bo paid by the Magistrate.
53* Iror announcing a Candidate, JjjJi.'.UO, in adrunco.
CT The Postage must be paid upon all letters
and communications to secure attention.
(tok the auuuvii.i.i: banner.)
INCIDENTS OF T11AVEL.
Bui the celebrity of Rode Bridge does
not simply consist in its natural curiosities,
its internal wealth, and its literary and
?.i . _i? ?i. -i_
iiiuiKiij ouvuiiiiitj(;s . ii tiliU UUOUIIUS III
specimens of intellectual greatness. In the
euburbs of Lexington was born and reared
the iearned and pins Archibald Alexander I
D. D., ofthe Princeton Seminary?son inlaw
of the " Blind Preacher," whose talents
and eloquence have been immortalized Iry
the chaste and classic Author ofthe British
Spy. The [Ion. Robert Moore, the only
United States Senator ever sent from Virginia
West of the Blue Ridge, was also a
resident of Lexington. Here Colonel
Benton married his Lady, the accomplished
M iss McDowell. Here now lives Ex-Governor
McDowell, whose family the ungallant
and ungenerous Governor Thomas, of
Maryland, slundered. The able Judge Brokenboroughof
the LT. S. District Court lives
here. Andlast, but not least Rev. Horatio
Thompson, whose refined taste, polished
manners,exemplary peity, profound Theological
lore, and cogent thrilling sermons are
sufficient to give character to the age. And
subjoined to the above catalogue, we may
also mention Mr. Chnpin. the venerable
author of much of nor rrnnrl nhl i>lui rrli mu.
sic. The solemn air lloclc Bridge*, he
named in honor of the IN atuml Bridge.
Liberty Ilall after the Academical name of
Washington College. Rockingham for a
Tribulation, and many other such specimens
of sacred Music.
In the process of my serpentine meanderings,
my destiny was cast in a village,
where an individual informed me, there
would be, that night a "Ladies Fair;"
and requested mo to attend. My first impression
was, he was trilling with my itine
rating dignity (an insult, you know, Souih
Carolina blood cannot bear) by retailing his
tautologies at my expense. For suggested
reason if fair be expressed ladies arc evidently
referred to ; and if ladies be mentioned
fair is necessarily implied?Whydouble
and twist the thing, and darken
ideas by the accumulation of words ??
But my pugilistic arder was cooled by a
thorough ftxnlicatinn. It nnnnars from flip.
0 | ? ri
facts connected with the case, that a certain
denomination of Christians in the cily, had
achurcb, if not the most gorgeous and
richly garnished, good enough for such
Christians as Paul or John Bunyon and
their respective adherents to worship in.
But perhaps the factofa Sister denomination
eroding a more gaudy and ostentations edifice'suggested
to this.humble congregation,
the probability of having to stand back, on
account of a neighbor be?ng holier. And
this zcalQus exemplary society was inspired
with that noble magnanimous spirit, which
despises those, who from servile humnni'y
stand afar off; and thank God for their rigid
adherents to the letter of the law?their
. . i
Blinerinritv to othors?their nrnvprs and
their benevolence ; therefore they resolved
they would not live in costly houses and
w&irsMj^Go-d in a tent. : ' Biit wtien the^ had
' dom'j)1<itci5 their temple the sine qua turn was
hbt flV&Hdb'te in sufficient quantities to defray
'th6'exjtettses.' Hence thfc pious matrons
'ft nil zealoU3 maidens organised them*
selves into an . association to be called
. ' i *-'i 'I * 4' ?i
the Ttidies F.iir. The society mci tn in a '
capacious hall. All persons wishing to
iraflic with the.-so merchant women,
can enjoy mat exquisite pleasure, by paying
u respectable e/ttratio: fee, or pole-tax
(a law Carolinians would nulify.) The
sto^k io trade eonsi>t of boquets, toys, drinks
and others articles too " numerous to mention"
as th?i advertisements says. The funds
accruing fro-n the s:i cs of lli?*ir merchandise
is appropriate.! to the purpose of paying
for, at least, the Church lot. As this is for
a pious and holy purpose?and as Holy
.Mother Rome has ('e.-reed, the end, justifies
the mean, they may with propriety indulge
the extravagance of laying on 2 or 3 or 500
percent on their baubles and gewgaws.
And as this organization is wholily under
; me cTiiirm 01 j^uncs, no young man, in
whoso soul eorruscatos u spark tjf gallantry
will refuse to go, and purchase liberally.
If he be not dead to a sonse of the finer feelings
he will go and take under his right,
and loft protec tion, at least, two young Ladies,
whuse capitation fee he will pay, and
also treat them to as much as they can eat
and drink, and buy them a bi.quet or twuj
even if he should be charged 37 1-2 cents
each. You know Lysander in the seigo of
Athens taught when the Lion's ski/i is not
sufficient to carry your point, it is no haim
to stiieh to it the J 'ox's tail. And this
apothegm is especially applicable in the
case now before us. For, these vain irreligious
young men will court popularity
with the pretly misses of tin.- Church; but
their narrow unrighteous souls would not
' contribute one; mite for religious purposes by
way of benevolence, tinder any consideration*
Bat the young ladies, whose sagacity
is never bal'ied, have devised means, by
which, the young infidels shall become sub
servient lo the Church,
Tot, vobip, virginoB, dotes, quot, t-iclpra, cnelo.
I know there are some christians of contracted
minds and austere morals, who censure
this polite, genteel method of obtaining
money to defray the expenses of religionThey
go so far as to throw the church on
the tender mercy of the world, and expose
her to the contempt and ridicule of infidels.
But such persons deny the church privileges-,
that some men arrogate to themselves.
A ccrfain potentate of the continent, used
the Jews as a sponge to absorb the gold of
Europe, from which he could express it
at pleasure. Now, why may not the ladies
absorb a lew dimes lrom the irreligious
fops and coxcombs, when their avowed object
is lo squeeze it out into the purse of the
church? Some old-fashioned, tasteless*
graceless professors will say, it is Letter to
worship C?oJ spiritually in a tent under an
oak in Mamre, than to do it fashionably in a
gaudy, pompous cathedral, the architect of
which has not been remunerated. It must
j be confessed it better compoits with the
Scripture command, "owe no man anything"
to have worshipped in the old until money
could have been earned lor the new. I3ut
how can a zealous christian endure to see
another denomination robed in finer apparel
? They may stand higher in Jacob's
ladder, for this is not visible to human eyes,
but they must not worship in n more magnificent
temple. Besides a spirit is craven and
despicable, which withholds from professors
rivalry and competition respecting the honors
of the world. Perhaps some may have
the impertinent audacity to say respecting
this religious confectionary, "it is a strange
mixture of worldly pleasure and religion,
charity and profligacy. It is the spending
of one pound for a good cause, for the purchase
of an indulgence to spend five for
questionable and decidedly sinful purposes.
It is an attempt to sanctify worldly merriment,
feasting and rioting by the sanctity
of approved names, and an intermixture of
religious performance." When censors
strike such a vein of pathetic railery, chris1
tians must succumb.
Dat veniam corvis, vexat consura cohunbaa.
(WRITTEN FOR THE ABBEVILLE BANNER.)
Mr. Jbiditor:?Put this in your paper,
and tell all the little boys and girls to study
I it carefully, for I love them very much, and
. .. .4. jt.
desire their happiness. I heard one little
boy say to another the other day : " this is
the third day that our old teacher has talk
ed to us about bad habits, I should think it
was aboui time to change the subject,
should n't you? il Yes," replied the other;
"bull don't care." I thought within myself,
these boys little understand the importof
the subject, or they would not wish to
have it changed. Indeed I know they have
formed some bad habits which might now
be easily corrected but which are strengthening
everyday by indulgence. It is a very
bad habit to heed not the advice of friend?, j
It is a very bad habit to say, " I don't care" |
when you are reproved. It is a bad habit
not. to profit by the experience ol others.
It is a bad habit to be careless and inattentive
when your teacher is talking to your
class, atid endeavoring to instruct you oralIt?
My dear children do you know that these
bad habits will lend you to laugh and disregard
all good counsel? Da you know that
by and by you will make s,?ort of the iiible,
of religion, and of the holy name of
(jlod ! Do you know that you will grow
bolder and bolder in sin, un'.il at last you
will not hesita.e to do what you would now
tremble to think about? My dear little
mends throughout Abbeville iJistrict. pause
and reflect, and profit by this admonition.
Correct bail habits in your youth,
aud when you grow to be men and woman
you will be happy and resyectable.
A Teach tit.
TI1E CIV Y UF MEXICO
This l'ttnous Capital, at th'5 mercy ofGen.
Scott, is tlnis described in Murray .s Encyclopedia
'i^iie Suite ol Mexico comprises the Valley
of Mexico, a fine and splendid ngioii,
variegated by extensive lakes, andsorrounded
by some o( the loltiest volcanic peaks
I of the world. Its circumference is about
200 miles, and it forms the very centre of
the table laud Anahuac, elevated from G000
to 80U0 feet above the level of the yea. In
.1 . 4 .i * II a I. .1 . . r
inc. centre oi ims vaney sianus me city oi
.Mexicoor 'LVnochtitlan having; been built
in liic niid.ilo of the lake, and connected
with the continent by extensive causeways
or dykes. To new Mexico is three miles
from the lake of Te/.cuea, and nearly six
from that of (Jhaico ; yet Humboldt consisidcrs
it certain, from the remains of the ancient
teocali or temples, that it occupies the
identical position of the former city, th.tt a
great part of the waters of the valley have
been dried up. Mexico was long considered
the greatest city of America, but it is
now surpassed by INew York, perhaps even
by Rio Jane,io. Some estimates have raised
its nmml.iiion to 20().(K)0 but. it ma v. on
r i ~ * * j 7 ?
good grounds, be lixod at 120,000 to 110,U00.
Ii is beyond dispute the most splendid.
" Mexico is undoubtedly one of the linest.
cities built by Europeans in either hemis
phere ; with the exception of St. Pcterburgh
Berlin, London, and Philadelphia and
quart-rs of Westminster, there does m.tcxi.->t
a field of the same extent which can be
compared to tne capital oi Auw opain, io:*
the uniform level oi* the ground 011 which
it stands, lor the regularity and breadth of
the streets, and the extent oi the squares
and public places. The architecture is generally
of pure style, and there are even edifices
of a very beautiful structure."
The palace of the late viceroys, the cathedral,
built in what is termed the Gothic
style, several of the convents, and some private
palaces, reared upon plans furnished
by the pupils of the Academy of Fine Artsare
of great extent and inagniiiccucc; yet,
upon the whole, it is rather the arrangement,
regularity, and general effect of the
city, which render it so striking. Nothing
in particular, can be more enchanting than
the view of the city and valley from the surrounding
heights. The eye sweeps over a
-I A _ i* 1 4 ? A - 1 ?2 _ I I . A _ ll I
vu5it5xiuiHuicuiiiv;ue.'iiiuiu5,io ine very oust;
oi the collossial mountains covered with
perpetual snow. The cily appears as if
washed by the waters of the lake ofTezcuco,
which sorroundcd by villages and ham
lets, resemble the most beautiful of the
Swiss lakes, and the rich cultivation of the
vicinity forms a striking contrast with the
naked mountains. Among these, rise the
famous volcano Popocatepelt and the mountain
of Izaccihutl, of which the first an enormous
cone, burns occasionally, throwing
up smoke and ashes, in the midst of eternal
snows; The police ol the cily is excellant;
mn?t nf iVia alrepts am hniirlsomp.lv navcd.
lighted and cleansed. The annual con.
sumption in Mexico has been computed at
15,000 beeves, 270,000 sheecp, 50.000 hog.*
1,600,000 fowls, including ducks and tur[
keys, 205,000 pigeons and partridges. The
f j " j>' - ,,
markets arc remarkably well supplied with
animal and vegetable productions, brought
by ciovvils of canoes along the lake of (JhaIco
and the canal loading to it. These canoes
are often guided by females, who, at
the same time, are weaving cotton in their
portable looms, or plucking fowls and throwing
the feathers into the water. Most of
the (lowers and roots have been raised in
chinarnpas or floating gardens, an invention
peculiar to the new world. They consist
ol rafts formed of reeds and bushes, and
i-overcu wiiu oiacit saline mould, which,
I?f in<? irrelated by the water'of the lake,
becomes Icriile.. ll is a great disadvantage
to Mexico, however, that it Mauds nearly
on a level with tlie surrounding lake,
which, in seasons of heavy rain, ovewhelms
it with destructive inundations. The construction
ol a desague or canal, to carry off |
the waters of the lake of Zumpango, and of
the principal river by which it is fed, has,
since 1 <?), prevented any very desolating
fl ?oil. The de.-agu:\ though not conducted
with skill and judgement, eo>t UUi.),0()i),
and is one of the most stupendous hydraulic
works ever executed. Were it filled with
water, the largest vessels of war might pa;;s
hy it through the ransje of mountains which
hound tiie plain of Mexico. The alarm*,
however, have been frequent, and cannot
vvi'll pr?:Ko ivltiln ili.* 1..f..l -.T 1.
? ??.? j ? ni?c/ i? ? i i ui iiKi i. iiiiv*' r* |
~U feel above that of the great square of
'lTiic Beautiful Liiuil niit! its Sentry Grim." j
li Y MATKKLr.AR.
There is a land immortal? !
The beautiful of lands ;
12cside its ancient portal
A sentry grimly stands:
He only can undo it.
And open wide the door ;
And mortals who pass through it
Arc mortal never more.
'pl.i . 1 1 "
a uui l;turiiiu.-j liiim is riuavon,
Ami Death the sentry griin ;
The Lord thereof has given
Tin* upvnitig keys to hiin ;
And ransom'd spirits sighing
And sorrowful tor sin,
Pass through the gnte in dying,
And freely enter in.
Though dark and drear the passage,
That leadeth to the gnte,
Yet grace attends the message
To souls that watch and wait:
An i at the time appointed,
A messenger ronies down.
Anil guides the Lord's annointed
From cross to glory's crown.
Their sighs are lost in singing ;
They're blessed in their tears;
Their journey heavenward winging,
They leave on earth their tears.
Death like an angel seeming,
''We welcome thee"?they cry?
Their lace with glorv gleaming,
'Tis life for them to die.
$&'The following lines, oriuinallv nub
I i.died in the Alabama Fla<* & Advertiser,
were written by the liev. Whiteford Sinitli,
of this city, They will bear many republications.
They are characterized by simplicity,
and truthful tenderness, while the
harmonious flow of the verse must strike
every reader.?Charleston, Eve. News.
Written in answer to those of Mrs. Buckley
in reply to Mr. Wilde's.
"My Life is like tiic Summer Rose."
"Thedews of ni^lit may fall from Heaven
Upon the witherd rose's bed,"
And many a beauteous bud be given,
In lieu of that which now is dead.
The morning sun in halchyon hours,
May shine upon this bed of flowers ;
But they whose grief is pure and deep,
Can surely never cease to weep.
The leafless tree when spring shall come,
May feel its warm reviving powers;
And put forth many a lovely bloom,
When moisten'd by its genial shower j
But sun nor shower can e'er restore
The friends whom now we see no more;
And birds may sing, and zephyrs blow,
These tears can never cease to flow.
The ocean wave may gaily swell,
Receding from the storm-lashed shore ;
But memory hears the funeral knell,
Amid its loud resounding roar,
Though nature still her course may keep,
Nor know o'er all our ills to weep,
Devoted hearts when rudely torn,
Can never ceaso on earth to mourn.
PorEttY Renounced.?The New York
Observer says that 58 intelligent Germans
renounced Popery a few sabbaths since at
New Jersy. The Presbyterian Church was
crowded on the occasion.
lunti iwi?n mammm in iniiwjca^caronMMMBL^
Cater from (Europe.
From the New York Herald, December 8.
Arrival of tlic EIii(:i?nia.
The steamer reached Boston about 6
o'clock, and ihe following intelligence was
immediately transmitsJ to this city over
Tiie News?The advices from Liverpool
are to the 19th ultimo, inclusive.
The British Parliament was convened
yesterday. i\'o business was transacted
beyond the mere ceremony of opening,
which was done by royal commission.
The French lo in of two hundred and fifly
million francs has been adjudged to
\t .1 1 * . .1. _ J- : 1 1 r- I - 1 .
m. uu ivuiucaiiu, ai to l-'i, which was me
minimum reserved. The adjudication had
1 ittl?i or no e fleet upon the English market.
An announcement reached London, on
Monday, P. M., that, a formidable conspiracy
had been discovered in Paris, which had
the effect of seriously depressing the English
funds, for a short tim .
The state of Ireland is truly frightful.
A system of agrarian resistance is everywhere
manifested, landlords daily falling
betbre the vengeance of the people.
Commercial and Financial?Contrasting
the operations of trade, and the
iri-neral aspect of the monetary affairs of
the country, for the last fortnight, with those
of the preceding, it is gratifying to observe
that a .slight, but still a perceptible improvement
has taken place. Nevertheless,
this re-action, so well begun, under the
I i n r ^ ?
comomcu iniiuence 01 returning coniiuence
and a general relaxation of the money
pressure, has, within the last few days,
been greatly uilected by additional failures.
Although the pricc of money is still high,
and insolvencies are rife, the fury of the
panic has been stayed, and the prestige of
brighter and happier days can be distinguished
amidst the darkness of the past,and
the gloom of the present. Trade is evidently
making vigorous struggles to rise,
despite the forebodings of disheartening
and in ninny instances dishonest theories,
and the still greater discouragements of for
foiled confidence and extinguished accommodation.
Money is yet difficult to be
had. Commercial distress has not been
materially assuaged, hut hope is high, and
the future is promising.
Towards the Jailer end of last week,there
was a decidedly more cheerful feeling exhibited
in the manufacturing districts, and an
increased business was done, particularly
by private treaty. The failure of Truman
& Cook, before alluded to, cast a serious
?r!r>nm imnri llif> nrvirl.-nt nml rt Itlinilirll flirt
casuality dors not affect Manchester or its
neighborhood to any considerable extent,
yet it must produce results unfavorable to
general credit, end retard for a while that
gradual approach to well revived confidence
$o essential to the commerce of the cuontrv.
The English funds, for the last fortnight,
have suffered less fluctuation than for a
considerable time previous,though they have
suffered many changes, they have displayed
greater firmness, with an unequivocal tendency
to ascend. Their steadiness has
been considerably promoted uy tue transportation
of foreign gold, amounting to nearly
JG 1,500,000 sterling. The 13:inlc of England
still demands the high rate of 8 per
cent discount, while its branches generally
refuse to advance under 9 per cent \ but
many of the private establishments of the
country have discounted bills, of course of
indisputably good reputation, at 7, and even
61-2 per cent. In the money market, yesterday,
a better feeling prevailed, and no
now feeling prevailed. Consuls closcd at
80 7-8 for moaey. With extensive transactions.
and for account at from 84 1-4 to
83 3-4. A considerable sale of stock, however,
damped the market. Foreign bonds
commanded very trifling attention.
The Chot.tbka.?The French Minister
of Commerce has given to three doctors of
the faculty of Paris mission to go and study
the progress of the cholera in the countries
where it is at present raging. These gentlemen
arc Doctors Beau, Contour and Morineret,
and their places 'of destination
are Trebiznnd, Moscow and Odessa. The
imperial Academy of Sciences of St Petersburg
has offered a prize of 30Q0. rubles for
the best " History of the Cholera." . , ,
Contemtptible.?The (i Catholic Teleigraph,"
publishes a letter from Rome,'show
ing that Newman and other j)efverts 'have
been sinkincr themselves id' a Jbwef deoth
than tHey had heretofore reached; :The letter
says:?On the Oth the Holy Father deigned
to honor them with ft visit, in-the
course of which he 'fcrinversed with them
and with Dr. Wiseman in tho most affectionate
manner, and gave them special
marks of his favor. He also permitted them
to kiss his feet."