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! " LIBKHTY AXD 3IV XATIVE SOIL." j
VOLUME IV. 'r - I NUMBER 45.
ABBEVILLE C. H., S. C., JANUARY 12, 1848.
Published every Wednesday Morning bv 1
CHARLES II. ALLEN,
KDITOK AND 1'llOl'KIKTOK.
One Dollar anil Fifty ent<>,
Invariably in Advance.
7 ? 1??
square of twelve linos for tin* fust insertion, ;tii<l
37 1 -2 ctn. for each continuance. Those not having
the desired number of insertions marked
upon them, will be continued until ordered out
and charged accordingly.
ftj" Est rays Tolled, $2.1)0, to bo paid by the Maijinlrato.
O" For announcing a Candidate. Jsi.UO. in advance.
03" The Postage must be paid upon all letters
and communications to secure attention.
?r ~ J JNESi "
Written for the Carrier Boy
OF THE BANNER,
nr a j.aoy ok this pi.ack.
Once again, kind Patrons, we gladly come
With a^Hupny New Year' to each siniliurr
Gray Time, with his Sickle has busy been,
And another Sheaf lie. has gathered in
To his heavy bundle of years.
Ah, who shall tell of the joys and grief
>1 is iron hand hath bound in that Sheaf!
With the past are smiles and tears.
Yesternight in a churchyard, lone and late,
T'or a moment's rest, he wearily sate,
Hark ! the midnight chime, and lo !
To his bundle he adds another leaf
Of stirring deeds, of glory and grief,
And see the name of Mexico.
That name was enough ; it toM of the brave
Who hail won an early but glorious grave,
Fur, away from their own bright laud.
It told of a Nation's triumphs proud:
13ut o'er all icas spread the pall and shroud,
Of a noble, devoted band.
A hoary olJ man last week passed by,
Though bent was his form,there was light in
Joyful Christmas was his name, [his eye,
He bade us the garments of woe lay by
In Providence trust; dry the tearful eye,
For our ' heroes were sons of Fame."''
Then list to his voice: nnrl ih?? rmpninnr
- 1 rv =. '?*
Welcome with hope, nor the future fear.
A Happy New Year to all !
Remember how oft, with pleasure you #reet,
In a lonesome hour the "Banner's"' full sheet!
Ami forget not the Carrier's call!
From the Philadelphia U. S. Gazelle.
This is the hour that I love best
Of all the hours of clay,
When sinking slowly to his vest,
The day-god fades away ;
When all so tranquil and serene,
The wind scarce breathes a sigh,
And here and there a star id seen
To twinkle in the sky.
Oh! this sweet hour do:h seem to me
Almost as if'twere given,
When from the cares of day set free,
To raise the thoughts to heaven;
For as 1 watch the distant sky
ft ?? ?=? ? ? ? i.i.mj a oiui,
I think of that dear friend on high,
And that bright world afar;
I think of all the loved, the lost,
. Who from this world have flown,
And with the ransomed heavenly host,
Surround the Father's throne.
Oil fancy waves her magic wand,
And 'mil the shade of night,
Those dear ones from the spirit land
*" Will greet my ravished sight,?
n- .1 ' - * '
?. ? me zcpnyi s voice i near,
Sigh with a plaintive moan,
I often list with anxious ear
Fof some remembered tone,
Some voice that here forever still,
In rapturous strains of love,
Joins in the joyous songs that swells
The harmony above,
I threw a bauble to the tea,
A billow caught it hastily;
! : Another billow quickly came
! Kuep.f?ssfnllv fVlP nrivo tr? ploim
'"J I v"*""
From wave to wave,uncheck'd it passed,
Till tossed upon the strand at last.
Thus glide unto the unknown shore
' Those golden moments we deplore;
Those moments which, not thrown aMight
win for us etem al day. [way,
Dan Marble, speaking of a younggentleman
with muatachios, says,( he is the crit.tur
that woars Aar on his upper lip, to.Ueep
f . ? ?- ?- -? --
mc opiutia 11 um uruwun into ins nouer
quatb.' Ml .
;;fi: ;? <!; ! . 1 . i i j .
a a AWestk&n paper say? that young ladies
WhftttWirtccMstomod tg read newspapers,ore
5iatoy>,:C?bp9Cved ^ b&ye;, w,innj ng, ways,
mo?tadmirable dispositions,invariably make
good wives, <aiwL always select g< od husr
bands.!. At'ruerjbing never wag said.
CAPTAIN WALKER, THE TEXAN
Samuel Hamilton Walker was born
about the year IS 15, in Prince George
county, Maryland. His brothers and other
relatives now reside in Washington city
During the Seminole Indian war he enlist
cd in the United States service as private,
and was one of Colonel Hainev's nicked
men to penetrate the everglades of Florida,
where foot prints of the white man were
never before seen. In that hazardous expedition,
which effectually put an end to the
Florida war, by conquering the Indians
around their own council fires, young
Walker greatly distinguished himself.?
He was a favorite of the daring Harney,
whose quick perception never failed to select
the most energetic and bold.
At tlie close of the Semnole war, Walker
went to Texas and joined Colonel Hays'
company of Rangers. In the summer of
111! 11M1C illllt ..f llwi ' f 1 ~ J I
>v . j -u . ui?- in niv> iiuucii ui iiiiys
mun, tinned with revolving pistols, who
attacked eighty Camatichc Indians and defeated
them, leaving thirtv-thrcc dead Indians
upon the field, and from the number of
dead and dying carried off, it was believed
that more than half the Caiuanchc force,
was slain by the fifteen Rangers. In this
fie)ce battle Walker was pierced through
the body by the spear of an Indian, the
spear pinning him lo the ground ! Lie was
left in that condition bv his romnaninns
who supposed he was lead. Af.er the bailie,
he was found '.villi I he spear slill sticking
through him. though he had succeed in gelting
it oul of the ground. II i:i companions
relieved him from it, and found il had not
touched a vital part. He soon recovered.
Walker was also one of Colonel Fisher's
three hundred men who marched against two
thousand .Mexicans stationed ai Mier, and
was captured by the Mexicans previous to
that battle, as he made an excursion amonir
them. After the defeat of the Mier expedition,
he was marched with other prisoners,
... ,!... .......I i* l? --- *'"
in iiiu uis.iu ui i ciuie. i ucso prisoners received
tlivj inhuman treatment which no
other people on earth, save Mexicans and
Cannibals, inflict upon those within their
At Salado. tin*. Texans resolved to make
their oscapc. Walker was foremost. It
was arranged that he should seize and disarm
one of the guards, and that Cameron,
a Scotchman, should serve the other in the
same way. At the signal, the guards were
disarmed in a moment, and the Texans,
214 in number, rushed into the outer court,
where 150 Mexican infantry were iruardinrr
w CP o
a quantity of arms and ammunition. Tlio
Texans soon had command of this point,
and armed themselves. Whilst doing so.
300 Mexicans, cavalry and infantry, formed
outside of the pates. The Texans rushed
upon these, and defeated them, killing ten
of their number, and losing five. The company
then escaped, but finally became lost
in the mountains, and suffered greatly from
hunger. As Wallcer expressed it to a
friend, after his return, thfir eyes became
so sunken from hunger and fatigue, that
iui y u|i|'v?i lu iiuv i?"jji:i nines in nit: iican.
In this condition, they were re-captured
by the Mexicans and taken back to Salado.
Here the blood-thirsty Santa Anna demanded
the life of every tenth man, and the company
was marched out to draw the black
beans?one black bean lor every tenth man
being placed in a bowl, and all who drew
them were shot. Those who drew the
white beans were subject to intense sufferings.
Walker, with eight others, however
finally escaped from Mexico, and returned
lo Texas. He then joined the Texas revenue
service, where he exhibited his usual
When General Taylor marched into
Texas with his army of observation, and
matters wearing a hostile appearance,
Walker, at the head of a company of Texas
Rangers, armed with Colt's patent repeaters,
offered his services to the United States,
was accented, and aided in defending Point
I / ------ o ~
Isabel. Me was stationed between that
place and General Taylor's advance camp,
with instructions to keep the communication
open, if possible. This service was perilous
but Walker's bravery and rapid movements
overcame all obstacles. On the 28th of
April. 1846, he ascertained that (juile a
large body of Mexicans intended to surround
General Taylor's camp, and he at
once set out with twenty-five men to com
municate with the General, After proceeding
twenty miles, he encountered fifteen
hundred Mexicans, and most of his men being
inexperienced, fell back at the appearanteofsuch
an overwhelming opposition.
The few that remained around their bold
| commander firmly received the attack of
the Mexicans, and gave them battle for
about fifteen minutes,killing about thirty of
^hem. The^ then retreated, and were pursued
to within half a mile of Point Isabel.
It was reported that Walker was slain, but,
at nightj he came into the fort, and with that
indomitable spirit for which' he Was dislingtfished,
at once offered to corarnuoioate
with General Taylor, provided he con Id
have four men as companions. The proposition,
under such circumstances, with
the enemy in force, and lurking in every
path and thicket, was considered rash.?
But six Texans volunteered, and after several
bold adventures, in one of which they
charged through a large body of Mexicun
lanecrs, whilst they were preparing to fo
rage tlicir horses, they reached the camp of
General Taylor in safety on the 30lh
Walker was among the brave men who
joined the gallant Colonel May, and accompanied
him in his famous charge when
General La Vega was taken prisoner.
The government with solicitation, rewarded
his service and signal bravery by a
Captain's commission in the new regiment
of United States mounted rifles. Thus
promoted, he repaired to Maryland, anil
soon rallied around him, principally from
.Maryland and Kentucky, 250 volunteer
Rangers, whose services were accepted l?y
the Government. With this company he
went to Vera Cruz, and was employed to
keep the guerrillas :it bay, and open the
eommunication. The bold feats of himself
and confident followers struck terror into
the prowling guerrillas, and this class of
highway robbers, always well armed and
well mounted, were sure to leave a clear
path when u Walkci and his rangers" were
on the track. I?is services have b< en most
valuable to the Government, and all will regret
his fate. A braver or nobler fellow
iwfrw full llrwui ll>?? lmitl.. 1I-. .......
t>v/ ni\/ vitniu nviu. 111; ^ U3
the fust friend of improvement:? in the art of
war. and his experience and keen perception
led him to adopt the best arms and
equipments that could be had. Old customs
and old fashioned arms, unwieldly
and inefieciive, found no favor with liitn,
so long as radical improvements were within
In the death of Captain Walker, the
country has lost, one of its bravest and most
valiant sous, and we cannot but sympathize
deeply with his family and friends.
llarlford baity Times.
hum Ike J\. U. Mercury, December 23
LATER FROM MEXICO.
The steamship New Orleans, Capt. Auld
has just arrived from Vera Cruz, which port
she left on the 2-lth inst. We have only
time to make the following extracts from the
papers which reached us.
The Free American of the 29th, announces
the arrival at Vera Cruz on the 13th, of
58 wagons from Jalapa, escorted by 05
men only, undei the command of 1 Tilghinau,
of the Baltimore battalion of artillery
?and says :?
Afier loading the wagons withe provisions
and ammunition, they will return to
Jalapa. The troops under Lt. Tilghman's
battery, 15 dragoons and 50 infantry of the
New Jersey battalion, commanded by Lis.
Young and Mc Dowell. It is rumored that
Gen. Marshall, who is at Jalapa, will
march on Orizaba as soon as ho can get
the necessry ammunition. Padre Jarauta,
the well known guerilla chief, is now recruit
ingin that city. There areabout20U0men in
in the r roc American ot the 21st, we find
This morning several persons of note arrived
in this city from Mexico, among
whom we noticed Gen. Pierce, Col. Talbot,
Col. Smyth, hearer of despatches to Washington,
Mr. J H Peoples, editor of the American
Star. Dr Barton, Lt Lewis Dickerson,
late of the Alabama Volunteers?he was
wounded several times in the battles of
Mexico. These gentlemen left Mexico on
the 9th insf. with the train, which thev left
at Plan del Rio day before yesterday. We
have conversed with one of those gentlemen,
who told us that it was his opinion
peace would soon be made. Gen. Pierce
will leave for the United States in a few
Gen. Twiggs, who is now in command
of the train which is on its way to this city
is appointed Governor of the Department of
Vera Cruz, and will remain in command
until the arrival of Cen. Jcssup. Gen. T.
will then go home as Quartermaster General.
VVe understand that Gen. Pierce will resign
his commission in the armv. as soon as
*? ; ^ r
ho arrives in the U. S.
On the 27the inst. Gen. Lane, with a detachment,
fought the Mexicans at a place
'named Matamoros, whipped thern and delivered
several prisoners. Wo have to regret
the loss of Lt. Ridgeley, of the the Artillery,
and Asst Adjt. General to General
Prom the Free American of the 23d, we
learn that General Twiggs arrived in Vera
^ -.1- i- - 1
Vruz lllti previous uay, aim uisu mo uuiu
which he commanded. A great many
wounded officers and soldiers were in the
train. We make the following extracts
from the same paper : ,,v
Lt. Gordon of the Rifle Ilogiment, was
fho^ day before yesterday, near San Juan
JVWWA.I r IMfMPPPMf Mil IL'.Z. 1 L-*9 W*WtT.. V1UXTC*
ilcl Kio. Although twice struck by the
enemy's ball?, he is in a fair way of recovery.
The officers stationed at Puehlahavc resolved
t<? present a medal to Gen. Lane.?
Oil one *ide of it is to he the the General's
likeness, and on the other side he will he.
represented entering the city of Puebla.?
the medal is to cost one thousand dollars.
The Free American of the 20th says :
X\o, had the pleasure of speaking to I/.
Hawkins yesterday. It was rumored a few
days ago I hat he had hern killed l>y the guPnll.'lS
! I Mil IVI> ?! !? I>"l>t". '? ' *
.J ..V. It! V IU I.IIIIIUMCU lllill
he can yet kill a 'lew' before'he dies.
The brig Widgeon, Stan wood, from this
port, had been on shore at Anton Lizanlo,
and hove overboard part of ho cargo. Tin:
steamboat Secretary Walker, ship Texas,
and schooner I'erdinand, from this port, had
arrived at Vera Cruz.
Gen. Twiggs, we learn, commenced his
duties as (iovernor of Vera Cruz on the
21th itisi. Col. Bauklicad was to leave immediately
for the city of Mexico, to join
Gen. Scott- Col Wilson, l;ite Governor of
Vera Cruz, was to leave on the 2(>th ins?,
on the IT. S. ship (ierm.jnlown, lor the
v * t mi v ?
.><>riu. j ne .New uitrans brought owr u
largo number of passengers.
Special Correspowlc/icc of the N O Picayune.
City or Muxico, Doe. 8, 18-17.
(General Patterson arrived hero day before
yesterday, and the last of his eotnmand
readied hero to day. lie has brought with
him about 3,500 men. As soon a? General
Butler arrives, he or < Jeneral Patterson will
be sent to San Luis Potosi, to open the coin
municauon between Mere ami Tampieo,
and the utlu:r ol the above named Generals
will be sent to Zaeateeas, to take possesion
of the country around. Queretaro will not
be disturbed just now.
Vhra Ciu z. Dec. 23, 18-17.
The steamer Acw Orleans will leave in
the morning lor your city, with a very large
number of those wounded at the late battles
in the valley of Mexico ; and although they
present a melancholy picture, with what
intr \nr i I i t1?A?f ??! ???'? I-'-- "
JOJ ?? 141 mvj II11W1 1UUI U|)Uil X'lUtidom's
soii once more, and what a happy rcturn
to their friends !
Although the road from this to Mexico
is now lined with troops, and every advantageous
point permanently garrisoned,
gucrrilicros continue to make their appearance
occasionally, and yesterday they not
only wounded Lieut, (iordon, of the Itifle
Regiment, in two places, but captured about
a hundred pack mules, which were a short
distance behind the command, and were
the property of Mexicans.
It has now become pretty certain, as I
learn from many who came with the train,
that Lieut. O'Sullivan, who was promoted
lor his gallantry at I'alo Alto, and distinguished
himself by his gallantry in the. last
battles before Mexico, after throwing np his
commision, joined the .Mexicans, and has
received an appointment of Colonel in the.
Mexican army ; although as gallant and
brave a man as ever lived, he disgraced
himself on many occasions, by which he
lost the respect of all his associates, and may
now fight as hard against the American
flajr as he has foiiirht for it.
Tiie New Orleans Delta, in an article on
Mexico, says :
Col. Butler, the commander of the third
dragoons, who is stationed near Sultillo, under
Gen. Wool, is a large sugar planter,
and having, like most of our other planters,
made a very large crop this year, and being
short of hands, struck upon the idea of hiring
Mexican peons to help to cut his cane.
He readily procured fifteen or twenty hands
and could have got as many more as he desired,
and sent them over to Louisiana, and
are now on his plantation working as ofn
?i 1 i i 1 . .i
ncicnuy ana reguiany as our slaves, ai me
rate, \vc undersatnd, of 1*2 dollars per
Selections fok Newspapers.?Most
people think the selection of suitable matter
for a newspaper the easiest part of the business.
How great an error! It is by all
means the most difficult. To look over and
over hundreds of exchange papers every
i?fr? n Ir ^/iin ti?liir?li f r\ t A n A Ii /v 11 /n * /xnn
IV 1 I UU1 \? 111V/11 lU CUIUUl Lliuuyn 1U1 UIIL j
especially when the question is, not what
shall but what shall not be selected, is " 110
easy task." If every person who takes a
newspaper could have edited it, we should
hear less complaints. Not unfrequently is
it the case that an editor looks over all his
exchange papers for something interesting,
and can absolutely find nothing. Every
paper is dryer than a contribution box ; and
yet something must be had?his paper must
come out with something in it, and he does
the best he can. To an editor who has the
least care about what he selects, the writing
that he docs is the easiest part of his labor.
A paper when completed should be one that
the editor would be willing to read aloud to.
his wife, his mother, his sister, orjrlaughtcr ;
and if he do that, if he get out such a papfcr
lie will find his labor a most difficult one.
Every subscriber thinks the paper printed
for his especial befit, and if there is nothing
in it that suits liiin, it must be stopped, it is
good for nothing. Some people look over
?1 1 1 t *
nm marriages,anci ueams, ana actually complain
of the editor if hut few people in the vicinity
have btren so unfortunate as to die, or
so unfortunate as to get married the previous
week! An editor may have, so many
dillrrcnt tastes he has to consult. One
wants stories and poetry another abhors all
' this. The polticiau wants nothing but politics.
One must have something smart, another,
something sound. One likes anecdotes.
i*;in and frolic, and his next door neighbur
wonders that a man of sense will put
such stuff in his paper. Something spicy
( ninpc ntif ?irwi ? 1.1.? ? ?-J
? ...v-sp uiiij linn mi. i;uiiui in a
Next comes something' urgu men live, and the
editor is a dull lool. And so between them
all. you see, the poor fellow gels roughly
handled. And yet to ninety-nine ont ofa
ii u ml red these tilings never occur. They
never refloat what does not please them may
pleas'.) the next man, but they insist that it*
the paper does not suit them it is good for
We onlv wish that evcrv man. woman
and cliilil who reads a paper were compelled
but .'or o;?e single month, to edit it.
A Sixcur.ar Incident.?A few years
ago several men in this city or vicinity,
were gambling with cards with the usual
accompaniment of liquor. In the dealing
out of the pack, one ol the cards was thrown
in such a manner, that it struck, with its
A f t ilnikl A?if? rt?/l I ?' "
V wiau VI 1UV> lUIHUl^lO UKIU ItlO CO Lib L LUUj
:\s square and smoothe as though it had been
some .sharp instrument. The incident was
-s?> unusual and startling, that the gamblers
were greatly frightened. They thought it
I might be ominous of some approaching calamity.
They were unwillng to continue
the game, ami under the influence perhaps
of a superstitious feeling mingled with a
conciousuess of guilt, they ceased playing.
In less than a week from that time, the one
who dealt out the card which cut the glass,
died! The incident at the time produced,
as might be expected, great excitement.
Some who were engaged in the game are
now living.?Bos/on 'iravcllcr.
What a Mkkchant should be.?A
merchant should be an honest man. Although
a man cannot be an honorable man
without being an honest man, yet a man
may be strictly honest without baing honorable.
Honesty refers to pecuniary affairs;
honor refers to the principles and
feelings. You may pay your debts punctually,
you may defraud no man, and yet
you may act dishonorably. You act dishonorably
when you give your correspondents
a worse opinion of your rivals in
trade than you know tlicy deserve. You
act dishonorably when you purchase at
higher than the market price in order that
you may raise the market on another buyer.
You act dishonorable when you draw
accommodation bills, and pass them to your
banker for discount, as if they arose out of
real transactions. You act dishonorably
when carrying on a prosperous trade, you
do not allow your servants and assistants,
through whose exertions you obtain your
success, to participate in your prosperity.
You act dishonorably, if after you have be
. !_L if..i . r it. c
come ricn, you arc unminumi 01 me mvors
you received when poor. In ail these cases
there may be no intentional fraud. It
may not be dishonest, but is dishonorable
The Toils of a Newspaper.?Newspaper
literature is a link in the great miracle
which proves the greatness of England,
and every support should be given to
newspapers. The editors of these'papera
must have a most enormous task. It is
nsit llio ivritinnr nl'llio landinn- flrfinlae itaolf*
'?"* " ? I n mw ivuuuiQ 1 IV/IVVJ IVOUIIJ
but the obligation to write that article every
week whether included or not, in sickness
or in health, in affliction, disease of mind,
winter and summer, year Afteryear, tied
down to the task, remaining in one sp&t.
It is like the walking of a thousand miles
in a thousand hours. I have a fellow feeling,
for I know how a periodical will wear
down one's existence. In itself it appears
nothing. The labor is not manifest, nor is
it the labor; it is the continual attention
which it requires.^ Your life-becomes, as it
were, the publication. . One week. is np
sooner corrected q,nd printed, than ontqomes
another, it . is the slorte ot Sisyphus, an
endless repetition of toil, a constant weight
upon the mirid, a continual wearing'upoifc
the intellect and spirits, demanding alkthe
exertion ofyout faculties, attfie sam^tiine
that you are compelled to <io! tlfd Severest
drudgery. To write for A'< pffper
nvelly but to edit one is to condemn yourself
When are boots like blossoms W
they are on the trees,
, /nr. * ? * ; ' V"* . S? iti> vtrijr .