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" LIBERTY AND MY NATIVE SOIL."
'??>?* ?V f w 4 - . .
VOLUME IV. ? NUMBER 50.
I ABBEVILLE C. H? S. C, FEBRUARY 16, 1848.
Published every Wednesday Morning by |
CHARLES H. ALLEN,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR*
One Do II a. r and Fifty Cents
Invariably in Advance.
ADVERTISEMENTS, inserted ut 75 cts. per
square of twelve lines for the first insertion, umi
37 1-2 cts. for each continuance. Those not ha
vmg tne uesireu numuer 01 insertions in a men
upon them, will bo continued until ordered out
and charged accordingly.
BO" Estrays Tolled, $2.00, to bo paid by tho Magistrate.
ICT For announcing a Candidate, $2.00, in advance.
O3 The Postage must be paid upon all letters
and communications to secure attention.
(written kor the Abbeville banner.)
" TO ADA."
I've sane to thee, when ansel smiles.
Like sunlight wooed my heart away,
And thought of thee when hearts as warm,
Threw round me. memory's mystic ray.
I've sang to thee when midnight ruled,
And stars seemed whispering of Love,
And Angels with their harps ? f gold,
Forsook for earth their home above.
I've turned from music wildly sweet,
Which from Love's f?nd,Ione voice came,
Nor angel harp, nor lyre could give,
The solt, sweet music of thy name.
'Tis sweet to love tho' even hope,
M'ltr linr uriri rra i ?i Innrl
nv> i 111 i yj i j Li u^^j/un j
As strives some star amid the storm,
To shine as when the skies are fair.
Why is it that the turtle leaves,
Theclime where sunshine warms him not,
And mid some soft, sweet, Southeren vale.
Sings to the fond "forget-me-not."
'Tisthat, lava meets a warm response,
And pride's col l hand has lost its power,
Then would?Oh! wouldstthou be to me.
In love's fair land that constant flower.
MIXED it ACES OF SOUTH AMRIOA AND
Mexico.?Dr. Tschudi, a distinguishedGerman
naturalist has recently published a
work entitled "Travels in Peru," which is
well known. In this work he gives a list
ofthe crosses resulting from the intermixture
of the Spanish with the Indian and Negro
races in that country. The settlement
of Mexico by the Spaniards took place at the
same time, and the intermixture of races has
been perhaps greater in that country than in
Peru. An officer of our army informs us
lhat the Mexican soldiers present the most
unequal characters that can be met with
anywhere in the world. Some are brave.
and many others quite the reverse, and possessing
the basest and most barbarous qualities.
This, doubtless, is a result in part of
the crossings of the races.
.The effect of such intermixture upon the
character is thus stated by Dr T&chudi: "To
define their characteristics correctly would
be impossible; for their minds partake of
the mixture of their blood. As a general
rule, it may be fairly said, that they unito in
themselves all the faults, without any of the
I'trhlOo n f t\rrtnrn?\il/>??r? ?? ?????
iatui.il UI lUbll piu^l/llliuio , art II1UU lUCJf (lie
generally inferior to the pure races, and as
member** of society they are the worst class
of citizens.?N. Y. Post.
..Perseverance?Senator Cameron, of
Philadelphia, uses a letter-stamp on which
is engraved a "printing-press," and over
SVjhicn is the motto, " persevere."
Twenty-five years ago, and this same
Senator of the United States Congress was
seen to enter a printing office at Barrishurg,
Pennsylvania, with a small bundle of clothing
flung across his shoulder on a stick,
asking for labor, whereby he might earn
sufficient to support himself and his indigent
parents. He was taken as an apprentice
to the business?served his employers
faithfully, and now twenty-five years afterwards
we find that he has graduated from
an obscure printing office, to the Senate
Chamber of tlie United States ! Then he
was but a pooF boy?now he is the distinguished
Senator from one of the largest and
States in the Federal Union ! So
mirthfor the republican origin ofour statesmen,
and so much , for the fostering and
congenial influence of that humble and excellent
institution of learning, A Printing
Office. Mr. Cameron may feel justiy
proud of His letter-stamp, with its characteristic
engraving, and still more proud of
the noble motto?Persevere ! ,
Woomocket Patriot. .
.jggSfras o*; the DecxarationThe re
Greenville A Columbia 11. Road.
LETTER FROM" MAJ. WM. EDDINS.
T<in OA 1R.1Q
t /\uu'< i x v? uw > r,j u uu. iuivt
Messrs. Gary, Thomas and Conner :?
Gentlemen,?I have been reflecting much
on our contemplated Railroad, since I saw
you. I am now fully confirmed in my
mind, that the only sure plan of success in
getting the road from Columbia to Anderson
Court House, through Abbeville District,
is for the Directory to be instructed to
make contracts for it to bo graded from Co.
lumbia to Anderson C. II. as quick as the
Engineers can get it ready for grading.
There arc many reasons why the Stockholders
should not be tardy in this movement.
lain clearly and decidedly of opin
ion, that there is 110 route yet devised,
or can be pointed out, that would be so
proiuauie in inc enu to tne aiocKnoiciers,
as ihe one now located. Therefore, grade
the road, which will inspire confidence, and
rouse the people 10 energy and industry.
Give them employment, and there is not
the least doubt that the machinery will be
put on it and the cars set to running
immediately. The people's labor will be
equal to capital; you will get capital in
j abundance, and from sources that we do
not now calculate on. I was informed by
the Director of this District, as I came from
. I_ . _ - .t . i 1 .1 . . %
| me convention me omer a ay, mat the citizens
of Columbia and Newberry were wil
Jing to join the people of this District to
grade the road to Anderson C. Fi., before
they expend any more of the funds. What
a legacy they have offered to the citizens of
Abbeville District, to their posterity and to
generations to come, as 1 may term it, for
I do regard it as such. Is iliere a man so
1 ? .1 1 1 , ! . . i rt* a
uhiiu ana insane as noi 10 accept the oner
I hope not, I trust not, for the benefit of
himself and of posterity forever. Now is
the accepted time, and now the golden moment,
to get the road ; lose it now and we
may lose it forever.
I presume it will take three hundred and
twenty or three hundred and fifty thousand
dollars to grade the road. There is $G00,000
subscribed ; therefore the road can be'
graded. I say grade it?be sure to grade
it, if it takes every dollar that can be collected
from the Stockholders. Although
snmft nf thp SstnrL'KnMArc matr tliinl/ nn vn_
... ? "?J ?.? ???
flection, that they live rather remote from
the intended road for if to be profitable, perhaps
they may be inclined not to pay their
subscription, when called for. But never
mind thern at present; go on with the work
?gel the road graded, which will do away
all those selfish notions and diversities of
opinion so common amonirst men. I have
no doubt they will come to your aid in due
time. It is not more than thirty or thirtyfive
miles from the bank of the Savannah
river, through a good cotton and corn growing
country, to the lino of the intended road;
therefore you may reasonably expect freight
loading from that quarter ; no doubt but the
products of this District, within 25 or 30
miles, will give their patronage, the navigation
of Savannah river being rather uncertain,
particularly the back loading will be a
means of giving more freight to the road ;
mereiore the objections tiiat now exist on
that side of the District will be soon overcome,
if the road is graded. It will not be
long before there will be a branch graded
to Abbeville Court House, which I would
be proud to see ; and would take stock in it
for the honor and pride of our District, together
with the great utility that will be derived
from the products that will come to
the road from beyond the village, between
thre and the Savannah river. Therefore
grade the road?give the people employ
ment-r-they are anxious to work. I was
opposed to any appropriation by the Legislature
for the clearing of Saluda river, neithere
would 1 subscribe one dollar tp the
Charleston and Cincinnati! Railroad, bertmiba
T Kaliaonrl !l in Ka imn?anti?a
vwmmv/ JL uwiiviyu w vv aui|Ji?v?lWI|UI9 OflU
unprofitable; bat the Railroad now under
consideration, I believe to be botfopractieip
ble and profitable. Some of our Stockholders
are of the opinion that the opperaMon
of grading the road had-jtetterceaseuntd
one million of dollars be raised, and aUo to
get the aid of the State before we advance
' . >. >> ?* WrWg.^
further. This being recommended ns a
safe plan, if adopted it will keep the money
safe in the Stockholders' pockets, from ever
building the road. As the old Proverb is,
"they that will not help themselves cannot
expect help from others ; therefore grade
the road, and there is no doubt but that we
will get aid from the State and from the people,
to the full amount required for the
full completion of the road to Anderson C.
H., from thence, to Knoxville, Tennessee,
where we will get the products of the fertile
lands of ChueUey river, the Frenchbroad
and the two Pigeon rivers, where
they make from 50 to 80 bushels of corn to
the acre, and raise a great many fine hogs
and nrorlucc for liomn innrket. All this.
I * " * v
trade will come to this State on the Railroad
; by so doing they will avoid the turnpike
over Paint Mountain up the French
Broad river and through the Saluda Gap ;
also avoid paying a high price for corn
through North Carolina, in getting all
those commodities to the South Carolina
markets. I will add further, for the last
item, but not by any means the least, that
it is about forty miles from Knoxville to
Bean's Station, the great thoroughfare,
where nearly all the live stock o' Ken'ueky
passes through, together with the waggons
loaded with bagging, roping, and other domestics.
When the Railroad reaches
1S~ !ll_ _!! -I. . 1- --- II I- _ I
ivuoA vihu, tin mis irauc, win ue carrieu oil
it to the markets of tins State. These are
plain matters of fact that present themselves
to my mind. I do not tnink there is any
unprejudiced mind, that will impartially reflect
upon this subject, but will say let the
road be graded throughout to Anderson G.
If. immediately. The dividends to the
Stockholders will, in time, I have no doubt,
be the best that ever was in this Stale.
I was in the Convention at Newberry,
I did not go as a delegate from this District,
but as a Stockholder. I saw those that
were sent there as delegates from this District
to act in irood faith with thr? r.itiznns
of Ne\vbi;rry and Columbia. I heard them
pledge themselves for the punctual compliance
of the Stockholders?here saying that
tboy would pay their instalments whenever
called on. I yet hope and think they will
do so for the sake of their credit and for the
honor of their District, and to save the great
mortification of those whom they sent to
Newberry to represent them.
I had iRought I would say no more for
the present; but there are so many important
remarks that could be made in support
of the great enterprise, that had I time and
!, f II - ? I
capacity, i wouiu write more. lou are
aware of the present condition of the Georgia
Railroad, their road and cars not being
of the same width of the Hamburg road ;
therefore I doubt if they unite soon. If
they were to unite, sec the great inconvenience
& loss of time in changing the freight;
therefore you perceive that this road when
it is carried to ICnoxvillc or even near
Chattanooga, that it will get all the trade
for the reasons are conclusive, as it relates
to the condition of the different widths of
the road and cars: but that is not the
f . ' ,./V, .
strongest reason, the (Jillerence in the distance
ot the two roads, this one being so
much the nearest and going through the
capitol of our State. A word for Greenville
and Laurens: with the aid of their citizens
uniting with us, they can soon get a ailroad
to their villages, which 1 hope will be
the case. William Eddins.
(WRITTEN FOR THE ABBEVILLE BANNER.)
. OF ANIMALS.
The geographical distribution of animals
is a subiect that arrests the attention of the
f ? - ----observant
traveller, and presents a problem
for his genius and intelligence to solve.
.The predjudice of education, or the difficulty
of the subject, have, and continue, to
be barriers to the solution.
So far as our intelligence has been able
jo grasp the fact of creation, and its government,
examined and understood, all lend to
present to us consistency and fitness.
An aptitude, and adaptation, in all created
beings, to the physical circumstances,
of the portion of the earth they inhabit?appears
to be the order in which Omnipotence
has placed the result of creative energy?
infinitely adapted from the " beginning" tp
tho peculiar geographical limits we find
them in, with immqitihje physical characteristics,
distinguishing each Race, Family,
Tribe, Genera, and species, and those ei)
iirely independent of external causes now
" Education with all the potency attrifew
LJi? IMHf IIWWMWMWWBWWHBMMWWWW???????
to it l>y its most sanguine voterics has never
been shown to create a single fibro or
function of matter, or faculty of mind.
Education so improves as to appear almost
omnipotent?but improvement is the
boundary of its powers, it creates nothing.
Thn f>*istpnpp nf 'Prnrvir.nl ironllnlJ/v
? V. JL ivptvui t C^IIUUIU IJCing
in the hot-house, is no exception, for
here, the intelligence, in obedience to the
laws of the physical condition of the climate,
from whence it was taken artificially
produces a similarity in climate and the
life an growth of the plant is thus continued.
The strictest congruity pervades in the
physical constitution of animal and vegetable
beings, and the physical condition of the
geographical limits of their existence.
The bill and talons of the Eagle are in
harmony, with its mode of existence.
The branchial respiratory apparatus of
the finny-tribe are in harmony, with the
dense medum in which they exist.
The physical condition of most tropical
plants are such, that if submitted to an at
mosphere at freezing they would suffer violence
Fresh-water Fish, carried into the dense
ineduin of salt-water would suffer violence
The Oyster, a being low in the scale of
animal life, would not live one day in a freshwater
The Buffalo of the temperate region of
this continent, could not exist one week, in
i i.i -t.i -- .!
me loin icj^iuu ui me urcuc circle, it ne was
so constituted that he could withstand the
cold, yet the sparsity of vegetable support
would cause him to perish.
While the physical condition of pojar
Bear is every way fitted for the lo?v temperature,
and its modes of life?the polar Bear
would perish under a tropical sun. from
heat and want of^rapeculiar food.
The continent of North America, from
the arctic region to 'I'erra del Fuego, presents
a Fauna ond Flora, differing widely
from the animal and vegetable being of
the other parts of the surface of this our
globe. And if we go back and explore the
History of organised being as presented
in the geological epochs of this our continent
presented in those " vestiges of creation"
the fossil fauna, and flora, we are on the
careful exploration astounded at the fact,
that among all this wreck of former worlds,
not a single species is fully represented, by
beinjrs of the piesent creation. And even
these fossils present the fact of geographical
distribution of organic being the wider in
range, as the thermal condition of the
earth in these remote periods, was probably
greater and more extended from the equator
than at present.
In the polar region of this our continent
w'c sec the Bearand the Rein-Deer,the principal
mammal, the physical condition of the
Bear is such that he luxurates in frigidity.
The Rein-Deer subsists on the lichens,
the principal vegt table product of these
wintry regions, his organism is in harmony,
with this kind of food?nor would he
live in the sunny south.
The Buffalo and the Elk are distributed
over the wide range of the western prairie,
and they luxuriate on the wide-spread vege"
table carpet, nor could tbese unwieldly animals,
live in the dense forest, so sparce of
grass?or in the cold barren regions of the
TVT _ .1.
The Wolf has a greater range, his physical
condition, is in harmony with his habits
The Aligator has a southern limit, nor
could he live, through the comparatively
mild winter of the middle States. To bask
inatropical sunshine, suits his physical condition
the best. The Crocodile of the
Nilotic Vally though possessing the sime
general form, is a very distinct animal.
(FOR THB ABBBVILUE BANNER.)
JSIr. Editor,?Sir: Before leaving Mexi
co, 1 vyas informed or a report in circulation,
accusing me of not standing op to my post/
during the storming of Chapriltepec. Before
I set out for home I was furnished with the
enclosed certificates, by a portion of the
offlcei^^aged j[nthat expedition, and one
of theYn^(Cap^nrMtU?r) tQ whose compaI
riy Iwas atja^ed durinjjf^^cngagement.
I should not wish them published, but I
understand that there are similar reports in
circulation here. As it appears to be a
mystery to some, why I was in a Pennsylvania
Company at the storming of Chapultepec
instead of our own Company, for their
satisfaction I will explain:?
Two days previous to the storming of the
Castle of Chapultepec, orders were received
oy major uiacjilen, wno naa command 01
the Palmetto Regiment, to send a sergeant
and a number of men (I do not recollect the
number) to General Quitman's quarters
for the purpose of forming a Light Battalion
or storming party. I was sent for by
Major Gladden, who informed me that he
had received an order from General Quitman
for a sergeant and a small detail of
men, for the purpose of forming a Light
Battalion and asked me if I would go. I
replied I would. The men were then selected
and we left in about fifteen minutes,
for General Quitman's quarters. On arriving
at General Quitman's quarters, I reported
myself to him through Maj. Twiggs,
as having command of the quota of men
from the Palmetto Regiment. General
Quitman said to me that my command was
too small for a company, and that he would
make me orderly Sergeant in the company
K- of Pennsylvania, commanded by Capt.
James Miller, and ordered me to take my
post as such. After the company was
iormed, we were dismissed, with orders to
appear at head quarters at the beat of the
drum at 2 o'clock?at which time we were
formed and remained so until the Division
moved late in the evening. We camped
that night at Tjicubaya where we remained
during the next day to guard Drum's battery
which was firing on the castle of Chapultepecf.
The next morning the whole Division
moved, the Light Battalion being order_
.1 .1 . _ 1 117 1 1 1 1 .
eu in me auvance. w e nau proceeded 10
within about 150 yards of the castle under
a heavy fire from a battery .in the road and
also from the castle, when Major Twiggs
who had command of the party was killed
by my side, the command Laeu devolved on
Captain Miller and the command of his
company which I was orderly sergeant
devolved on me, there being no commissioned
officer in it. Very soon after, the
castle surrendered. Captain 'Miller who
was wounded ordered me to go back and
_i r?u_ 1 i? in.: m :
iukt* uiiurgu ut nit; uuuy ui ivjajur j. wiggg*
For further evidence of my conduct at
the storming of the castle of Chapultepec,
those who doubt my standing up to my duty
are referred to the certificates below of
Captain Miller, Captain Daniels,and James
Warren, who was a quarter master's man
under command of Captain Daniels.
JOSHUA R. BEALL,
of Capt. J. F. Marshall's Co., S. C. V.
February 5, 1848.
Mt-VTfn Dptn^inr OO .1 QA7
Dear Sir:?Having been informed that
Sergeant Beallofyour company is charged
with holding back,at the charge on ChapuJfer
pec, I take this opportunity of correcting it,
and state that he was with his company
until after the castle was taken, behaving
as well as a man could do. , ^ .
Capt. Co. K., 2d Pennsylvania Volunteers.
Mexico, October 27, 1847y> ..
This is to certify that JoshuaR.IJealt
was present at the storming of Chapultepec,
and assisted under my direction iri Mmtiving
the body of Major Twiggs frotti th?i place
where he fell, near the enemies breastworks
to Tacubaya. - Joseph Dame&s,,;...
Capt^Ass'*. O. M,
Mexico, October 27, 1 84Ta
I hereby certify that Sergearit J. R. Beall
of fVir> finnlh P.nrnlina Vn!nntonro ^nmnni
V* ?MW v^u* v??i*u> T w?u?? ?vv? 0^ vyat*!#^
sing a part of the slornping p^ty^a^the
king of ChapuUepec, ^^3 ;ordered back to
take charge of the body of OTjajor 11
who was'killed at thafplac&ftbe order boiiig
is&ued by Cajrtaitf' D&iiifcla to itte-^tojgo
with him.: James WaaajMr,
' '' , \:m7n^ v :.
.. Mexico, October 20,,1$47.
Serg't. Beall of thg SouiK Cjirolin^ RegiSB'SWSr
Korritnonv unnDi* fiArnniDfui VY%UCUIf iiiiu
ring the storxnmg of Ch&0$ite&e?.
I c^^that a
vi^wijh it. 3mu&
..- , i * '--ii-i-' '?; V%^r, - ;.; ?w
' v -.. ;