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TWO DOLLARS PER ANNUM. 1 "Tiib r?xlic'E ox-* XiixiKxiT-r iss 33'i*x3xi3>x^\.xj vig-ilaetce." I PAYABLE IN ADVANCE*
BY DAVIS &. CllliWS. AliliKVIl.l.K, S. C? THURSDAY MORNING, MARCH I. 1858. VOL. XIV NO. 45.
nr II u ii n ?i i ' .i ' ...
M IV <5 . I) i', i\ U i\ L li J J i\ N U A
HOW TWO HOUSEHOLDS BECAME ONE.
Mrs. l'elioni 1 Selison was tat, fair ain
forty-four, when her lm>l>an?l, :i soap
boiler in very y<?><l cireiim-tanees, wa
called from his lil'e-la>k <>l o>ntiil?utin:
to tlm general purliralinn of mankind.?
Mrs. 1 Season took refuge from her ijri?*n
a pretty collage situated <>n the piitici
pal stieet in the town of A .
At first she was iuunti*o1ahh*as sin
used to say, with a solium emj>ha>i<
Vvhich carried convirtion lu the li< ail
of her hearers, that nothing hut ili<
thoughts of her danghter llor<nee \v?xi!
Imvo prevented ler from ( -riu ini
lier existence by the intervention of |?>i
Mrs. lh'iison was in no small linaMin
indebted to her dau^hti-r ? sinee in !'-s
than three months >he llu.-w n>M>- lie:
mounting ami became as lively as ever.
Touching Florence, sh<' h:nl nmv irarh
ed the mature ago <>1" nineteen, and
to lliink herself marriageable. Sim w.-r
quite pretty, an<l tul?*iably \\?!1 a<-c<>ni|Mi>h
cd, so that her wishes in that iv-j' jct wen
very soon likely lo be I'nllilled.
Just over the way 1 iv? ? 1 Squire Muk
'ham, the village lawyer, jn-t v . _'ing n4 .
fitly, with his sini Charl'.>, \\li<? \ .e- ai?-n
Lalf his age. 1 Icing a young nrtn i !" agr. ?
able exterior, the latter was .js?jta tavuriN
among the young ladies in the neighbor
hood, anil considered in cnintiiKii pariain^
<]ilite a " catch." As y<t. ho\\<:\i:r, !.:> :i!
fections had never hoen seriously en:at:;_:le<
and might have ivntaiined so, had iL no
been fur the sudden apparition, one morn
ing, of Florence ]j*.-n.sou t iding l y on l.or.-e
It struck him at once thai sii?? was re
markably graceful, mid really iiiiite pr.-tty
Thereupon he cultivated h? r a<.-?;i:aii,tai:r.
with increased assiduity, ami a!ur awhili
asked the fatal ?jrn->ti n.
1- lorencc answi-r- d in 151< afurmallw : aninstead
of referrinir him dutifully '?> h?-i
mother, hinted (being a roman'ic votim
ladv) how charming i: wmrd In: \<> s!(-.i
away to the next, town, and ^> t iu.tr: ie<
without anybody tnij t!t?- wiser.
Charles Markham caught at this liin
which chimed with his own temperament
and resolved to adopt it.
Iu order that it might hi- eanii-d <?n
Willi perfect Mioees, it was iv-??!ved t" scon
inditl'eiit to cach "tlu-r, until tin: day 1
in order to ward oil' any suspicion whicl
might otherwise bo moused.
So well we?e all these arrasigeuu-n s i ai
?ti II liiotl lb Wrt3 CO MM
" Sly dog, that Charles," thought lie I
himself, as ho sat before the fire in hi
dressing gown and smoking kiairely
puffing away attt. choice Havana.?
"But I don't wonderW it; lie only lak
after me. Still I owe him something fu
keeping it so secretly from me. H woul
t>e a good joke if I wc?e a lit I lu young.to
cut him out and niarrv her in sjiiic c
Squire Markljam, who was one of thos
jovial widowcVs who take life as it coijk-:
mused more and more on tlii* id?*a. sti-ue
xjut by chance as it were tiil he really hi
gan to think it worth something.
" After all," shouted lie, ' I am not s
old either, or at least the ladies say so,an
they ought to be good judges in such mai
ters. I have been a bachelor a good whih
and ought to have found out before thi
liow much more comfortable it would h
to have a pretty wife to welcome me honi
and do the honors of my table and to hel
me keep that rascal Charles in order.Egad,
I've half a mind to do?it."
' Squire Markham took two more wliif!
and exclaimed :
441 vow I, I'll do it!"
"What th is mysterious it was, we wi
leave the reader to infer from his very ne:
movement. Hinging the hell lie inquire
, jof the servant:
M Is Charles -at home V
"No sir," was tlie reply, "lie went 01
tliis morning and will be gone all day."
"Hump ! That'll do. So much the l?c
ter for my purpose," thought he when halone.
" Now I shall have the ground le
to myself. Let me se?. 'Jhe rascal intern
running away nestThmsclay evening; an
to-day is Monday. Nothing like strikin
wliile the iron is hot. Til write to her i
liis name, telling her that I have altere
my mind and will go just at dark to-ino
row night. She won't suspect any thin
i*| -1. - 1 a - 1 i - *
uuiii uiu kiiol is iica, ana men what
laugh we shall have."
Squire Maikham did not consider that
might make a little difference with the brit
expectant. IIo considered it a capital jol
on his ?son, and looked no further. He a
cordinglj' diew his writing materials t(
wards biu), and indited the following opi
Dearest Florence; I find tho day ftx<
for our elopentent, on somo accounts, o
jectionable, and would like, with your p<
mission, to substitute to-morrow even in
If I liear nothing from you, I shall iuf
. mat vdii asscin lo mis arraii<'V)iu*tii.
! shall Iiavo a carrim;^ in readiness under I
; I'M oak 111;?", at hall past eight o'clncl;.
You can walk there without attracting si
| |iifiuii. and, a> t here will he no moon, 1
shall !?o aMo to carry out our plans wit ho
> fear of discovery. I am happy to say (h
X the governor doesn't su>poet in the Ic.i
- that a daughter-in law ii in store lor hii
f Won't lie lie sham tiled > Your devoted
- | Cm msi.i.v.
! " ] ! ; ?<! !*' sni'l S.jtiire Markham,
ii in^ heartily, "that iiii'l l>a<l, e-|"'eial
' about liiiiiil'iitrniii!^ iHe. Charley couhli
s have <hme it Im-Hc-i* himself."
S-i s.iyinji", In*, sealed ii up au<! sent
1 ovet Iiv a littlo lii-!i L? >y in his ?-i >]>!
. iik iiI, having liot mat ked, "private*' in t
" l?o careful, Mike, ( ? give it to Mi
1 M.-iisi>ti, an.I don't lot ativ uiiy else see
. was (he parting injmioti*>tt.
i- Mis. I *."!?>?>ii was sitting in her jni?*t j>:
lor, easting In r eyes over a la!?; numbi-i'
llaij" iV Magazine. I*lorriiee hein-jf abse
! on a ^hopping exeiin-ion she was left a!oi
.. The rim-ini; of ihe hell brought her to tl
. door. W"s:!i SJIs].II-.- she- >av. lliat the ]..
-n whittling t!i?_i bell *vas Mike, Sijtii
Maikham's " hov of a. ..oik."'
' l'iea?e, ma'am,*'said he, ho!.ling o
tli. . ' . ! 'i...- r.... MI-u I
( i:s v. rv jwr ticklar that n?>l?o*ly shoti
. soi- ii."'
li.-airof my>!?:iy con\vy? il in lliisdi:
. istic ;? ! !rt?=s aron<c<l Mr<. Iloiisoii's c
liit.-i'v, ? >|> < :nl!v xvh'Mi sli>- ? l?st-i\-.1 that
. was aiMiv>-i?-.| to I; r daughter ain! n<>t
] lnri-< !l" as Ixi-t s!ii?j??i-?!. Sin- return
I to to |>a:!??r ii'ii to iva<! I iai j'i i'.-s Ma?
. ;'.iiii-; that h;nl lost its attraction*.
. j " What in the \vorl<l can it l?*," si
i thotiu'hi, " lliat tli'-y s]i ?11! 1 l.t: so m.-ci
. :al>"ut; t 'an |'*|iir?'iK*c he crurrvitttf on
c!an?!<'>liiii; <,oir?"?|>oii?i- nci: !'*' It may
. sMun-thiu^ that 1 t auI I- lo Ici.ow.'1
>: ni!i!a:< 'i l>y Iht f-niiniiio curios:!
Mrs, i!. .-] i ciii!y ruiicSu-lo<l that .-!>< v.uu
; ! ?: fa!so to th<: iv-ji'>nsihiii:i\s of a ]'
f i' lit if .-.ho ui'l not unravel the mysi
j ; "I think,M said she, "I will opon if, ai
i if it Hionld'nt ho anvtlring particular, T < ;
. oa^ily it, and J-'luixtico will ?ti!l
. ti<>!! th.' wi-er."
This she accordingly did. What w
iicr a^toiii-linn.-tit when tin* plan of flu!
t lucnt was discovered to her !
, j 1 l. r.;\s pretty doings !" sh? cxclaiin*
I : as .soon as s!i<: conld recover breath.
, 1 ior. :ic? was g'ing to run away and <.
j married t<> that Charles Markham, withe
. j so 111 itch as hinting a word to inc.''
.?in i lu iI'lii.iiii uius souuiry
> she thought. "I've half a mind not
< show this letter to Florence, but to r
. : away with t'harles to-morrow night on j
_'own a- C'-uiil. lt's?,.hj if I can't pur.sti;i
s j him that tliu mother is as good as I
11- daughter," and :die glanced complnceii
d i at the t-lill attractive face and form JvlloCt
i*5 from tliu mirror.
>f | .Inst then she hoard the duor open a
| Florence entered. She ipiioklv crumpl
e j tip tin: letter and thrust it into her po*k
s, J Florence and Charles did not meet i
k ; ring the succeeding day, chiefly in puiMiai
| of the plan they had agreed to, in orO
i to avoid suspicion.
o j S.jnire Markhain acted in an e.vceedin*.
d strange manner, to his son's thinking. <
L- casiotia'.ly lie would burst into a hea
, laugh, which ho would endeavor to repri
i.-, ! and nace ur> and down the i-nom ?i< if
e I walk oil somo of his t hit
e [ itv.
j> " "What's in the wind ?" thought Clmr
? to himself. " It can't be tlio governt
getting crazy !" Something was the in
Is ter beyond a doubt. J hit what it was,
had not the lainlest conjecture.
At the hour specified, the Squire 1
11 ! Iii.s carriage drawn up at the appointed r
ct ! dezvous. lie began to peer anxiously in I
d dark for Florence. At length a fein
form well muffled up, made its appearan
Thanking her in a very low whisper, les
it might be suspected that he was the wrc
person, lie helped her into the carriage n
t- drove oil". The destination was the hoi
'l of the Justice of the I'eace, residing at I
'i distance of some eight miles.
Is During the first part the journej* r.othi
d ; was said. Both parties were desirous
g ! concealing their identity. At length S<pi
ii Markham, considering that after all
d could not marry the lady without her c<
?- sent, and that tho discovery must be m:
g before the marriage, decided to reveal hi
a self, and then urge his own suit as well
it 'My dear Miss Florence," he contii
le in his natural voice.
-e " Why !" shrieked tho lady, ' X thou;
c- it was Chnrles."
3, " And I/'said Squire Markhgm, recogi
s- IU? i*JIS# iiUllftUIl a VUIIX3 *>IIU iio LU111') 11111 i
" thought it was Florence.
3d " Was it you, sir, who was arranging
b- elope with my daughter ?"
}r. " No; but I conclude it was you ma';
g who was meaning to* elope with iny sc
cr "ludocd, S^uiro Slarkham, you
I i wroii'^; the all ur<r?>iu:i?ir tneioVnlally to my
lie knowlclgo- i o<hh:Iik!i ! t<? lake l.? r place
? 1 secivilv, in or?ler to fnMiato !i* r plan."
is- | ,-l\ga<l, ill.! V- i v idea I na! inys. If," -aM
ft'e ' tin* Sijisin*. !.auj?hiii,.f; ' '. it! tin; !".-? -t i-. we've
ml Imili of n- lici-ii (' tiit'i>uu<!<'i!!y so!.!, an<l the
i:it. i?ii>vlii?-l' ??f it i-, i li'tt a ! -I 1?t lor < "!iar!>
st, | ! >tIi11-.i* liini Knoxv it ; -o mi?!?\* In:
in. ' will lake the opportunity, U> run oil with
j I'liuvuc.j dining our al>-eiice, au l plnine
; him-eif, I!i?j rascal, <>ti the wav in which I
li- i was tak? n in.''
Iv j *" 1 cotife-s that I l< !L a noli- for Florence
i"t t to tin* same purport. I low .-If will laiiyli
' at mi-; what an ciuharra-ssnciit !"
it ''Til Nil yoii what," said the S pi in', after
y- a nioiii' in'- |>aii-i-, w can cany out our
lie p'ans a It el' all. Wo each came out with
i the intention ol' ? ;:i:, mari'I? 1. \\ hv
i ~ ~
iss not many oavh <>: 11 -r. aii<l IS *11 von know,
it, v..- cat 1 111 :ik- t!i> iii I11 u< 1 i:. i:i
; vi-.-w a!! aloiijj, ami only I t->
11- on tin1 iii.*'
ol j M?>. l!-:iis.(i: :i->M-ni<-1 wit*1 a li!t!-- 1:1^111
injf, aa 1 in iln; eonr-i- ?.i' an li.nir. 1 !? twain
ic. wviv iii:i*1>* oik*. I li'-y im 11 i<*il::tt<-!v r? Mirtilut
i ll, lint. 1'iiiii'l, a- tli-*\ a!i!: *ij?:it 1, lliat !' i ? r
1 iMM'c ail-1 < ":iar!i--, ??st 1:> ::: 1 ^ 111 :i* <!
10 j1! 111 lirii! 1 In-in**- !vrs s'.i'i'jH'-l nil' in a
i .lill-ivi.t ?'iivriioii, with a similar in;, at.
ut i Tln-y inailu Hnir :ij>|i"ar.UK*i! tin: in-xl
m* morning i?r?-|?:?!"?*il to lan^Ii ln arlily al tin!?!
Irtsstji!a:i.-of :in*ir jiaidi's l?ut katun!
j witli tin lit:! :i<t<>iii>!ii:i< nt, lliat t'n-y i -i?!
11- >tiin*k up a bargain fur t!i--nw-!\v-i. Sjaiiin
: Marklinni an-! lii- ir-w \% it" - !ia I ili : a i !i
it to i:<>nviiKv tli--!ii iliat i! was a!I a jir--::i -lito
tati-il jil ni ; atnl to i!ii> -lav tin- yoiinu r
11I pair aii-i::!:<>r;mt nf ll.e p!"l ainl
a- ! pint wliii li !. 1 t<. tlii-, ,l-,n!,!.j union of t! <-.
i two liotivlio!-!-.
,.j I A'o/.v/y In I) v'.v.?A 11:1 y or two sino-,
;i ' says tlii- |So>toii li ra!-!, a la-lv w!io wa>
1 |-a-.?iiivr Ii 11 - 1: _i": 1 0111: of tin- |?\-nsa:il .-!r- i. t|
at tin* Wo.-L l.n l, was discovi ri- 1 to In- in
v i ililli n!ty. 11 r -11 j??-i--al ainlant -!;:;-t- .Iim
j,| U '.l Uji'.n the i ,w;ilk ::l. ! < !y I lel'-l :i
i '''I unavailing '' !' i ll' .ii> t > ] I. The
c. more silii: to i i>.-\ from the
iiliii-llliy, tin* lllol'i; .-]; hecaUK* entail:;! !
11(| in tin: miowv fo!>i . Sin- M.-in-.i ii'imhU t<
:in ' "1* 1:1 despair, wln-ii a >. :i of tliO Kill1^.
| ulalil He, who Iiu ! w.:ii' 1 In r ? !???>uir:?i
ment, ii!-j>ir*<! with lhat gallantly thai inatural
to liis raee, approached h* r, a;al
! in-piireu: ' ('an I he of any u~t; to \ <>ti,
i madam ?" " IVrhaps you can,*' she thank'
,(j : fully ami bhi.-hiu^ly replied : ami tlir*-?-tiii<>
i liim to 1ik!J up her ?lros.?, whieh he <li?l
r,.j ! with commendable ;_;raeo ?>u<! care, tinder,ul
look to re-arrange her garment*. Hut. the
streets was no more a convenient place fui
. l.. , ~ : I ? >
5 wivtt ?.wtucu ]>IUCU, SIIO a-.lvlM li 1 111 It III
l0 had a knife. Luckily lie was in jiossoisiui
un of a jack kttife, stout, but keen of til^c
nv ami following her direction, ho cut am!
(|c | slashed away amon^ l!;t: fastenings, til! fi
j nally the t-kiris came n with a ruit !i
llv : a1'0"111!- That she Mi j.jied oat r>f" iln-i::
very hastily may he safely assumed, ."it'll
lolling iIk-iii into a bundle, passed theiu k
,,j her assistant, with directions t.? lake them
t,(j to a house in one ot the principal streets f?l
(t) | the city, and went on her way with jfivatly
j?_ | reil it ceil hail. At the hour appointed thi
man went t<> the house, and rintrincj th<
I r | front dour hell as directed, the youtt*^ la.lv
| came lo the <lour and receiving tlie gali
' incuts, out into his hand ;i sum of money
jiv ; 1 .
)t" that attested her gratitude for tlie timely
r(v service lie had rendered lo "beauty in dis1S;
A 11 ffoo'.t ?The editor of the Albany
I'ulice 'J'i'iIhiiic tells the lollowing:?
'Some live years since two well-known Al'(^5
| banians left this city to seek their fortune."
s | at Washington. We will call them Mr. A
al" ! and Mr. I>. Mr. 15. got a contract from tin
'IC | government and ma<le a .snug little pile,
I some *10,000 worth of real estate. AN hik
',l'' , acquiring this property, Mr. A. contracted
' I about *7,000 worth of debts, 00 o|
^'l(i ; which belonged to Mr. 1>. Mr. A is not tnori
a'c honest than the law allows. So he though!
cc' lie would get l id of 'those cussed bores,' hi^
11 creditors, by making over his property t<
'ng , his niece a fine looking young lady, about
l,K^ | eighteen years of age. lie accordingly as
use sijfmjJ the whole of his veal estate to hi:
liiycc, the interesting young Ia<ly already
spoken of. Having concluded his arrange
"'S j men Is, lie thought he would go South am
?' ! look at the country. This took plae<
1110 ' last summer. During his absence in pursni
j of quietness and cotton fields, Mr. 15. asccr
on* j tains all about the assignment, and goes ii
l<'fi for making all thii.'gs square. Ileconunenc
,,n" cd operation by courting tbo niece -aforesaid
as and linished up by marrying lier. AVhei
* Mr. A. returns from Georgia bo finds ho hai
boon done-?that Mr. 1?. has not only go
Uthe value of his debts, but $37,500 worth o
real estate in addition. Mr. A. is nov
swearing in eight syllables, and insists tffa
iiz- ... *
^ ^ it is ft conspiracy.
Dogs.?Tlio question of levying a tax 01
dogs in New York appears to bo allractiiij
considerable attention.* It is esliinftte?thn
im? there are half a million dogs in that Stat<
1,1 winch are maintained at an expenso of fiv
ai'? millions of dollars!
' " *
/>. . />'.
AMERICAN LITERATURE?NORTHERN AND ;
I T!i< >v i-- 'in i!nnit ncc 11 111111< 1* of authors ; 1
at 11* Noith, il all who write l-onhs an: (<>1
bo tii'juiii- I with that uaino. In fa-t tho 1
III. >! i!i:11:* !i:i!jt Irolil o! the cncm/fus scri- i
//(,/ ' .-I'l'ins to have Upon I!i?* pooplo, \ '
of that i?'^i'>i!. Kvciy travolloi-with ovoti
ills-) : !:iiu'iiis'il'a jxilitii oducatioii, who 1
. ' 1
ii!a!i'-> a l!_\trip abroad, jjfivo.s tin: iv.suit
of hi> > xjicii 11co. am! oh.ivrvalioii in :ii>iin
1.1 Imi.h. i.vi.-ry tliviuo who has proaohod
V'-ar at;or year to s!oopiii?_j congregations, i
inak-s a collection of his sermons ami iniliots
tli 'iii on tlio public. Jv'ifli petty j>ro 1
1 >r or village m*!kio| master thinks it. n?*
c?-?-:iiy to m i!m ii-w compilation of
histoiy, i;:iliir:il j !;:! - ].1?or chemistry,
or lu enji^hteii tin' \voii?| with a treatise, a :
grammar, /-*? ? !:i|?!iy, or arithmetic. I'oiitieiaus
isi (\>n_;ii:?s own, careful! V Collect
t!? >] s made lo a tentivo cats, :ui< 1
put. th-m foith a* of oratory. i
111 I:\ : !nal-- of every ].r?>! ?i?mi ami in
t-v.-ry wall; of life,of every sex a;i<l comltlioii,
il lli v !i:ni ii?? other mode ol >1:1111:11110:1'
t::ivr vvi"!i tin: public, 1 >1:u( coil. eiioiis of
111 ii" private <"t 1 r?j? i||'!i*!h*o, tliat mod>:s >0
]n-i 1' \ "i cj?:-;o! ny style nriv not In- 1 .-1
to the world. S:i? li ale the materials of i
v. liieli the laige mass of tin: Northern lit-]
erat!ii*e i- made up. This is the I->iin*l:iti*>ti
fir tli-: ?*!at>ioinH boasting with which our
ears are dinned about Northern suj ?-ii-iiitv
?\erth<: illiterate an<l barbarous South !
Although the general chaiaoter <if tin;
literature of the I'nited States be as a!>o\e j
I'l-n s< lileil. Vet the 1 n? 11111-1 it HI ? f tio'ilie:i!
. . i i
lit ratine jiv- ii ! y tlx* 1:1 to the world, will
favorably rout pare with the best of that ??l
' any p?-?stm-.i.-tiL or modern. The nri'iii'1
| of our in-titutions,our manners, ami habits
am! niiv inclinations, peculiarly lit lis lo excel
in tiii-. important department of letters. !
:i : 1 i ? :<; tin: Southern mind has achieved
i i:.> lil-j.-l >:^:i:il triumph-. Tins J> >1 itio:i 1
\\ iilii: j- ' !".1' ll' isoii, Ma H-'-n. am! I 'aihotin
have m-Ver i :! Mil | ?:?>>. <1. If this Wcl?*
. the proper place it rn'ii'ht, easily ho demon
I Mrat<-d, that the l Y-dcia! < !ov<nimiit was'
j chiully formed, ami ?1 iioc-ti'>n i;ivcn to its j
[?>!icy at <-veiy important period of our his- j
tory l?y Smthem statesmen, thatS >uth<-ru
'latory and Southern diplomacy have 1
accomplished more than a proportionate 1
-hare lor t!?<_ permanent honor and glory j
of our common conn try. < >i" forma! treat- ;
liscs on < ;?v. lament atnl political philosophy 1
| tlie South has notso mail}'as the North. j
Thy expression of Southern thought on ;
| . ' . J
! these subjects is to he found, in a large i
; measure, in the occasional essay, the fngi- j
i live .speech for the still more fugitive news- j
is, thrown oil' at !
refillIv elaborate!. i
il wealth and re-1
in this desultory .
' mats, st
J filiation asUion, .
j whatever of glory attache'! u? ..
name in tlio estimation of other nations,
j not 011 account ofonr achievement in poetry
|>!rlo-"]i!iv, or t!u- line arts. If tho North
i is superior to the Soiitli in these latter, at
j a!! events, it is but a superiority whore only
! mediocrity aL best, has been attained. The
knopledge of tliis fact for fact it is, ought to
abate somewhat the lordly aiis of our Northern
brelhern, if brethern they can longer be
' j called.
Mr. Calhoun's treaties on government and
oil the Constitution of tho United States I
! published in the lirst volume of his collected i
works, is, without doubt, the ablest con- j
tribution made by the United States to the j
political literature of our language. These !
treaties were never revised, nor even divided j
into chapters and sections by their disliu- j
;! guished author; but spite of carelessness,!
j every sentence expresses thought, at once !
. | novel and -profound, clothed in llie aptest!
| and must appropriate phraseology. Grimkc,
, ! Tucker, and Upshur, too have written valu- .
I j able treaties upon Government, to say notlif'
uig of Mad>ion, Jefl'crson, and hosts of
. j occasional writers \Vho would have deeply
| impressed themselves upon the literature
; ! of the limes, if (heir thoughts wasted in pe,
riodicals had been digested into some more I
i ' permanent form.
In moral and social science, the works of
j Prof. Dew, of J'rof. Pledson, of George
Kil/.hugh, and of Dr. Smith, of Randolph
. Macon College, each and all of them arc
1 eminently suggestive, philosophical proj
found and logical. The North has given to
the WOllll lintllinrr Rlin?|-inr Ulinn tln.c.i
f | O "I ?www
As an essay and review writer, the merits
of Logaro arc so super-eminent that no
American can be placed in competition,with
hiin*even. N^ne but the myst bigoted
[Sostonian of the most illiberal cliq'uo can
t deny the genius, the eloquence, the learning,
f the polish, and the perfect master}', both of
ir matter and of style, instinct in every page of
In general literature, tho delightful volumes
of Baldwin havo left their impress
n upon thotuauds. No man who'has read
% tho treatise ypon tho Latin language by
t (iessner Harrison, tff the University of Vir't
ginia, would deny to flU author the^ most
e profound^holtoali.ip,, not tho flippant and"
Antlion, hut rather lli.it nf tin; jjreat (!?r
man writers ami commentators upon tli<
In Art, Washington Allston, a native o
llii; South, although a icsiili:nlof (lie North
lias achieVi ! his place as a paintvr seeoin
Id nunc which this country lias yet give!
!>iilli t<>. Chapman an<l <!all too, are no
ittiknown to t*.1111 *. This list might easih
!? ?*\:?ni<1, hut enough has h?:on sai-1 U
-how that tin! south has no reason to lian;
In r hea<1 in shame when compared with tin
North even on the score of literary cul
I 111 -'.
11 is worse than foliy for Southern an
ihors to cx|i -ct justice from Northern criti
?it would he madness to expect jus
lice from New Kn^Iatid. It is a part of ;
n Ii*_*<I ami persistant policy to discoura^
am! d-preeiate all literary ctlorl at th'
South, a p-?licv of 1110 offspring at once o
vanitv ami of deadlv hale. I afortanaleh
from various causes, .New Knglatid ha
c.oim; t.j l.e regarded hy other nations a
the literary exponent, of American thought
a'.i<l her judgements concerning Americai
authors are excepted hy th. m without in
jiiiry or examination. Th" re is a morhi<
j"aJoUsy in N< w lln^laml of all literary ex
ce'.ience in any part of the country, outsid
of h< ; own narrow limits. What then cai
the South expect from the tender charitie
of critics who view all her production
through the spectacles of a rampant am
intolerant sect;oi:alis!n. Icgotry ami ex
c!u~ivem - are the chaiaclcrUtic of the Nc\
I'.n-.t'an l mind equally in literature as i
ji-ur.i s, una in religion. It ha; even b>
? ?:t fashion now to ignore the uxi-tone
of Southern :?nt !n ?r-, or if mentioned at al
they arc sj><>l;eii of only in terms of mi
measured contempt or jjross scurrility.?
Smdi a line of j???lioy s?te:nlily adhered t
lias lia>l 1 "no fir.fl. to a certain extent, <.
discourajjinj* Southern literature, l>ut tli
la>< lew y? a).< have uiveii hopeful indication
of n'i'. itly increased mental aetivily in tli
South, and of a corropondinj; literary e>
]~ioii of that aetivily. Southern hnofc
art- I?*sin:ns to l>e li.-tter r*-ll>*.\- s of S >ull
c.-nt thought, Southern feeling, Souther
niaiiiK-rs, eustonis, ami peculiarities, ami i
short, lo he more "raev of (lie soil'' tha
formerly. All literature which has an
value, is instinct witli nationalism, the moi
intense the heller, linmilation is alwav
weak ami fcohle, and when ton sorvil
unhrv.ui.in;'> tin; iinu'i au'l ?u.'ju IY?\-> JL i.?l 1
many strength. . The Roman literature wa
Imt an imitation of the (!rcok and Krone
Democratic ami later Italian, of the nnciot
classic. In Kngland, (Jermany, and spaii
on the contrary literal tire sprung: up a vi?
orous mnl hardy plant fresh from its nativ
soil. It is not unfair to say, tli.it in il
latter, there is far more of boldness, of o
i^inality, of fertility, and exuberance tha
in the former. So, too, New Kngland, li
crature is but a copy of that of < Hd Knglam
Yankee dwarf attempts to wear tli
' "-'tisli giant, and cuts a mo
character, our ..
history, and in a few years. ..
literature, the influence of which win _
deeply and widely felt, and which will mak
its impress upon the opinions of the work
Dccidolly Ormfune.?We presume, sn>
(lie Albany Argus, that the enumeration <
tin! storekeeper*" in the United State
(201,001.) published by one of the grei
Mercantile Agencies in New York city,
correct. It' we distribute the twcnty-liv
millions of our population among' them i
families, each will have twenty-live as tli
total number of their customers. There i
a store to every 123 of our inhabitants, mei
women and children?bond and free?rie
and poor; and allowing five persons to tli
household, the average number of accounl
out of which mercantile profit and loss i
to l>o figured in this country, is, as wo liav
just stated, twenty-live. Here, in a nutsliel
is a whole theory of the uncertainty an
fatality which do so characterize trade i
America. It contains the strongest argumcii
in favor of cash transactions between in
porters and merchants, and ought to b
potential in driving out of trade half of it
devotees into a pursuit that always make
generous returns upon the capita! and lube
invested?the grateful pursuit of agrieu
It is recommeded that all poisons employe
or sold l>y druggists bo strongly colore'
with carbonzotic aeid, ono grain of whic
is sufficient to impart a distinct yclloi
color to seventy thousand grains of wate
This acid has the peculiar property ,of in:
parting a yellow color to the skin of a pei
son taking it, as also to any food in wliic
it might be mixed. It has boon proved no
to destroy or in any way modify the ben<
ficial clTcct oPprussic acid in which it ha
been mingled, and tho inferenco is that
would prove equally inert in other poison
while it would servo to alarm tho user, an
inc^cpto the poisonous character of an
preparation in which it had been miijgle<
' A few days since a barker offered a r<
ward of fifty dollars for tho best receipt fc
"instantly removeing superfluous hair."Among
tho answers \ws ono forwarded b
n genjjempn wha speaks from experienc
f\Ve give it:" Undertake to kiss a woiua
against*bor will," \
JOSH EEASliS ritAYEll.
a l l.o following amusing auccdolo we litid j
in one of a scries of papers, called "T^o Life ii
1 of a Mi'Lhipman," now in course of publi- i
? cation in tlie Knickerbocker Magazine, v? a
1 'I'll"' conversation takes place between two I'
1 lanky sjiccinions of "tin; universal ^'ank>-e I'
t nation,'' in a cafe in llie Spanish city of Se- h
r ; ville: * !
' I "And so, 1 Jill," said one, "vou served as a
I j an iiigineer with these ere blamed t/iiijns, c<
n ; you say. Now du tell how you like Vin !"
- j "Wal, Nathan," replied his companion, t<
' i.i-..11\- ?-..n i .i..... ..... .i i ...
!>m -t inv out l?i>:inl delivery, i! you can ever ri
gvt '(.111 to ijfl*:l I <| >! i * sin V'tiling." |
"At IioW ivjuiiicd till- lirst speaker.? \
1 "I s\vo\v, I Jill, I can't exactly coiiic at tlic < '
s.-n>c of your oli.-eivatioii. An.I you a ii
Naiiteket l'ov, loo | o
' : "Why, you've Mi'-tly heain tell of .lo>li <
' 1 Va^c'.s jnaycr j a
s "I can t >ay I have." I
" \V;?I, tin u, 1'il teli it yo. Vou sec Josh ii
' Iia?l I??. 11 out on a whalin' v'vagu along j a
1 wiili uiiclo .Ifiviniali Staihink? liiin as |'
toM t'.ii.iing I>un!i"r, "lie a\fil for iiotliin' v,
l>ut civilities, ami them of tin* c??ii>111 t-?-st u
kind'?an ! tli': fir-t day to hum, his m< 1i?t. a
like an oM foul, go.-s ami sets a dish ol n
1 green corn on the. taliic \ ami so,.lo>!i, who ?
hadn't .- i n niithin' fresh for iiioi'n niiietv h
.lavs, falls right to ami cats tin* hull of il, u
1 which was eight" n cars in all. \Val,*l:m*t ii
no kind of use t'i s.tv ho Ita> 1 an at lank of i
N cholera after it, fur thai 1??!! ?\vin curse. !'?
" Ami as the poor t*?-il??\v was a wrig^lin" t\
about. like a p'.sin sarp<-nl, with his j.n?Min' j t?
hag ail <if a hare knot like, his mother who n
'? was a strict Methodist, brings Klder Nuli(litis
to Ii is bedside. s<
! "My dear Josh," said the elder, who had v
" hen a sea-farm' man in his youth, "yon'io I a
hound for the other world, and no mistake, li
c i and 1 want you to pray with nie." n
| ' I'm in so much pain, elder, that I can't |
( prav !" savs Josh. I
k" j >li let mo heg of you to play !" cried I
the elder. I
i ''I tell you T won't !" snarled Josh. 1
i '"0 niy son ! have you no pity for mc '
i snivelled the old woman : "have you no I
ii ; , .
j bvowels ol compassion 1
" i "Wal, I should rayther kalkcrlate I've
; !^>i nigli on lo lorty oil 'ctn lure!" yelled >
j Josh with his hands on tho pit of his slum- 1
! ach. =
j ''At length the poor fellow consented to *
], ! lH:i.v? providin' they'd leave him alone 1
. | awhile; so his mother and the ehler went I
out of the room ; hut hem' naturally curi"?
| ?>us to hoar all he said, they uuauimou>ly
v concluded to step ouUido the door and lis
ton. "What they heart no one could *:*?tl 1
r out for a longtime. ]?yand buy, however, 1
| it leaked out that Joshua's prayer was ; "oh 1
t Lord! I'm not like these ere catilin' Met.!u>j
disls, what expects you to do every tiling lor
10 tliom, and ati'l 110 wise willing to help llnsin,
selves. Now, all I ask is to luj relieved of
a dozen of these cars, and Jll try andyntj>v
pic with the other six.'"
^ "?uken Man for Dissert ion.
' " of young men,
-C <1 \
j were quite e.\....
wind" had for some time o.
;s discussion. Two of the party, inore
^ lhan tho rest, proposed to set the man upon e
s a sloop, and accordingly laid ho!<l of him
it j with that intent, when the proceeding was
is ' put a stop to by another proposition, which
e j was to hag the drunken Ipafer and sell '
n 'j him to the doctors at a medical college,?
le j This idea truck all hands very fovoral.lv.
is A hag was procured, the incbriato slipped f,
into the sack and born upon the shoulders
h of the party to the college. Tho doctor
e answered the summons to the bell, and deis
mandod what was wanted, when the spokesis
man said, "Doctoi, we have got a 'still', lor
e you." The doctor asked 1> it lew questions,
!. and paid ?3 for tho "still*," that being the
<1 sum required. The sack, with its contents, ?
11 was di posited in the hall, and tho fellows
had taken their departure, when the loafer, ,
>t who had been thrown in rather an unconr
c fortahle position, attractod the doctor's alls
tention just as he was about closing the door. <
's lie at once perceived that the man was t
alive, and again opening the door, halloed
I- to the young fellows, who lingered on tho
way; telling them that tho man was alive, t
d "All right," said tho spokesman, "you've
i ~.vl l>Sm i\r\t?? niwl rnii r?;in Irill Intn tvlion I
II "V?, ?I1M J "? v.... ?,
li you want him." The doctor saw that ho n
,v had hecn sold, and pocketed the joke ; hut t!
r. unfortunately there was a hold in his pock- h
i- et, and the joko leaked out.?Now York s
r. Paper. k
>t If you would have an idea of tho ocean
3- in a storm, just imagino four thousand t
d hills and four thousand mountains, all u
it drank, chasinggono anotlier ovor newlys,
plowed ground with lots of caverns in it for (1
d them to step into now and then. 1:
- ^ I
y g t
j. " Amolia, for thee-*-ye?, ^t thy command, J
3" I'd pluck the stars from tho firmament?I'd
)r plutk the sun, that oriental god of day tlyit x
~ traverses the bluo arch of heaven in such j
majestic splendor? I'd" tear him from Jthe <
inl ^ky?" " Don't, IXcnry~it Would bo so j
. very"dark J" % ' t
J ' #,('
HOW TO EAT WISELY.
I>r. Ilall, in his .Journal, gives the followig
1. Never sit. down lo a tahlo with nu
nxioiH or disturbed mind ; l>etlcr a hundred
1<I intermit* that meal, tor there will then
e that much more food in the world for
angrier stomach* than yours; and, besides,
aling under such cir< u instances can only,
nd will always, prolong and aggravate lliu
uiiditioii ot things.
2. W ver sit down to a meal after any in use
mental ?-tl?>rt, for physical and incnti j
jury are inevitable, ahd no man has a
iglit to deliberately injure body, mind, or
>1 :ll e.
N'-ver go to a lull (able during bodily
Nhaiistioii?designated by some one as bong
worn out. tiled to death, used up, dono
vor, and the like. The wisest thing you
an do under such circumstances, is to taku
cracker and a cup of warm tea, either
lark or green, and no more. In ten milliter
y??u will liiul a degree of refreshment
nd liveliness which will be pleasantly surnixing
to y.iti ; not lo the transient kind
liicli a g!jt>-? of li'jour allords, but perm.aeiit;
lor tin: tea gives present stiiiiu'.ona
n 1 a little >tr> ii''t h, and before it subsides
lltlillleli!. lie*'ins !o l?e .lni?? f*
. - lliU l??"
ar :ui"l cr"am ai.d bread, thus allowing thu
w.|y gradually, ami 1 ?y sale degrees, to renin
it u-ii tl vigor. Then ill a couple of
"ins, you may lako a full meal, provided
L il;u;s not bring il later than two hours l>o re
-.in ?!?>w11 ; it'later, then lake nothing
>r that ?!ay in addition to the cracker and
a, and tin- next day you will feel a freshoss
and vigor not recently known.
Xo reader will regime to he advised a
fcoiid time, who will make a trial as above v
diiie it is a fact of no unusual observation
inong intelligent physicians, that eating
leartily, and under bodily exhaustion, is
,<?t iinfiv.|Ueiitiy the cause of alarming and
;?itiful illness, and sometimes' sudden death,
hose things being so let, every family make
I a point to assemble around the family
ioard with friendly feelings, with a choor*
ill humor and courteous spirit; and let tho
ucmbcr be sent from it in disgrace who
resumes to mar the ought to-be blest reuiion,
by sullen silence, or impatient look,
ir all'JTV tone. or i*iiinnl-iiiiiiin- lAiirvM/i
<- . - i 1 o ""'S""*
ii tliankfitl gladness, ur away with you to
lie kitchen, your graceless churl, you ungrateful,
pestilent lout thai you are ! Tliero
vas grand and g<? >d philsophy in the oldime
custom of having a billion or music at
.. I Thrilling Inriilcnt.?Reluming from
i visit to -New Orleans we wcro forlunnlo
stioiigh to secure passage in a line steamer,
.villi bul few passengers. Among the ladies,
>nc especially interested us. She was a
vidow of a wealthy planter, and was rcurning
with only 0110 child to her father's
louse. Her devotion lo the child was very
ouchitig, and the eyes of her black nurse
you Id iili with tears as she besought hor
nislrcss "not to love that boy too much
>r the Lord would take him away from
We passed ihronn-h f lm /?nn;il T
rille, anil stopped fur :i few moments nt tlio ' <
c when tho nurse, wishing to see jftp \
" 'he guard, at the back ""f -'"jJ
to the teriiLlo^; * ?
ie falls anddiv
. onfusion nurfli
iisucvi on of ft gentlonan
who was sun..o e fore part of tlio ; ?
ioat quietly reading, Kising. hastily ho
.sked for some article the child had worn,
'lie nmse handed him a tiny apron she had
orn ofi' in lier efforts to retain tho hahe in
icr arms. Tinning to a splendid New- **
oimdlatul dog that was eagerly watching
lis countenance, lie pointed first to tho
pron, and then to the spot where the child
lad gone under.
In an instant tho noble dog leaped into
lie rushing water, ami also disappeared. By
liis time the excitement was intense. -niH
oini.' persons on shore, supposing that tho
,o?j was lost as well as tins child, procured
l>oat and started oil' to search for the body,
list at this moment ihc dog was seen far
way with something in his month. Bravely
e struggled with the waves, but it was cw*
out his strength was failing fast, and moro
ban one breast gave a sigh of relief as tltq; > . ,
oat reached him, and that it was still alive,'
'hey were brought on board?tho dog and &
Giving a singlc?glancQ to satisfy herself
liat the child was really living,''"the youn'g *'
lothcfr rushed forward, and sinking besido m
lie (log threw; her arm around his neck, and ^ . '
uret into tears. ^Not manyijpuld view the M .*/
iglit unmoved, and, as she- caressed and
issed his sliagg/ head, sho looked up tft-hij
wnor and said ; ' < .
"Oh, sir, I must havQfthis dog! I<\qi.rich
like all I havo-^everything?but give *
i>y child's preserver." 0 * . v
TJie gentleman smiled, and pattlftg bit
log's head said, 'I am very glad^raadam, ho ^ ^
las been of service to you, but nothing ft\ '
he world could induce me to * part #>tU 't ,
urn." . '
The dog looked as l^ugk he perfectly
ind giving his sides a shake, laid himself \
lownAtpiis magWr's feet, ^viU*,in*Wfjfo MH