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IMPRESSIONS OF SOUTHERN SOCIETY.
Jons Mtrcii?aL lias been making u tour in
the Southwestern State#. During his visit lie
lias contributed to his journal, the ?Southern CM'
urn, published in Knoxville, Tennessee, u series
of graphically written letters upon Southern In"
stitutions, ifcc. IIo closes the series with the
"First, then, Southern society, wherever its
elements are in equilibria, or nearly?that is,
where the slaves are numerous enough to occupy
the field of toil, or nearly?is the most perfect
form of social polity now existing unywhere in
llie world. Those conditions are uttuiucd only i"
some extensive rural planting districts, and,
nmniirr Kt:it.?i ..tilv in Knnili ("nr.ilimi. where the
negroes are much more numerous than the
whites. When these States concurred in prohibiting
the slave trade fr<?m Aliicj, they did ii not
froui sentimentality, hul becausc they (hen hud
laves enough for the strip of land tliev occupied,
And never drvnuicJ of tiio boundless capabilities
of the Mississippi valley. Since then u ureal
influx of while immigrants, and none <>f negro
slaves, have remitted in a population of ti.OOO,.
000 whites, to 3,500.01)0 slaves, nnd this, with the
high price of negrns, has made it impossible lo interest
enoutih of the people in the actual working
of the system, though they nil, in fact, derive
all their means of support I ruin that system. The
tendehncy, owevcr, of ihis want of equilibrium, ir
to nccunuilate great estates in few hands, and to
leave on the outskirts of society u considerable
rural population, not artisans, not traders, and
hardly farmers, who tire of no use to themselves or
to the State. This once rectified, or put in progress
of rectification, and of all Republics and .Monarchies
on the earth, niieieul or modern, I shall
choose the Southern States.
"Third. I noted, during my tour,?and, indeed,
had often noted it before?a peculiar gentleness
of deinennoe nnd quiet courtesy, which,
os 1 said, was attributable to tint institution oi
slavery. It is because the unquestioned possession
of great power, involving great responsibilities?
which responsibilities are fully recognized by pub
"If h mini he ii brute. yet In1 has a strong interest
in habitually controlling his violent passions; it
lie lie u gentleman, In.- will control them because
he is a gentlemnm; if something into:mediate, lie
will find liiinslf actdl upon by the public <i|iinii>u
of his neighbors and e<[iiais. The established
custom is to speak gently to servants : and so
much of the intercourse "f llic people i? with
their servants, that this has created throughout
society a softness of manner and trine, which, in
educated people, living united with dignity and
self-possession, gives me the ideal of a weII-bred
person. I have seen the ell'eet of this upon hoys,
You know it is a favorite saying of the Northern
people and the English, that one evil of slavery i?
to ma'.e hoys imperious and cruel. The opposite
is true. Recollect, we are in a land of rational
and accountable beings?a Christian land,
if you like, were certain maxims of kindness,
and brotherly love, and charily, and iiierev, have
not failed to penetrate?and if a boy has a young
wegro or two of his own to govern, he docs it uu der
the eye of parents and neighbors. Over ami
above the appeal which a si n.-e of his powci
over the young niggers must make to the heart
of every generous boy, he too, finds himsell
Amenable to the force of public opinion, ami wil
defy it at his peril. While he is training anil
governing his young negro, he is also training am
governing himself, lie the th"?>ry correct or no,
take it for a fuel, that the so:is of Southern slave
iiuiurig uir ijuitTL .i.i'i n una jii iiicii maimri.both
towards slaves and every otic else. ()
coiirgp, however, severe measures are sometime:
needful in subduing uyoung m-trr??. What then:
In a colt not to l>e broken beanse In* is vieioiin?
"Fourth. Yon have heiirtl it. sai?l?Nonhcrt
writers admit?that the (me Southerner, who ii
come of a race of Southerners. Mauds in tin
very front rank of manhood, is brave and gener
ous, a mirror of truth and honor, candid, 1"Vm
and courteous. It i-= true. The high-souled no
bility of Kurope, while there was a true nobility
(which there is not now,) grew from a subsoil t'i
feudal serfdom and vill"iia?e, and could not hav
grown without it. Slavery is that subsoil hrr<
l)o you apprehend how it feeds the roots and rail
icals of the virtues? Why thus?lying and steal
ing are negro tricks. To he a coward is utiwor
thy of a. white man.
"Of course it is not meant to deny that liter
.19 plenty of meanness, lying, and scoutidrelisir
in the Southern States, as elsewhere. The devi
bhail not be left without a man to witness for h in
upon the earth, Hut I attempt to describe th
favorable tendency of tin- slavery systrm, iti foi
ming individuul unci national charader, wi'V
thai ByuLcin once Untrammelled aiulTuirly ilevc
"With this admirable institution in full hlooi
?with the boundless resources, agricultural mm
mineral, in lier posresssion, well worked l?y allot
twenty million negro*?with her matehh-sss el
mate and other advantages loo numerous to mei
tion, what doea the South waul? A bight
standard of education ; and, as some begin t
say, u speed)', pcaceiul, and equitable sepuralin
from the North : for?
"Fifth. Many of the most intelligent Sout.l
?rneila ] met said to nie distinctly, that the l'i
ion is really and actually now dissolved?th
th? two *ections are two nations, standing ti
gether not by cohesion, but by vis incrtiiv; b
cause there has yet been no shock fiuflieicntl
violent to ?hnke them asunder. I begin to h
lieve it, though reluctuntly, inasmuch us 1 ha'
"declared my intention' to be u citizen of tl
United States, and when my citizenship ripei
how shall 1 feel if there be no United States
r be a citizen of? Nevertheless, two nations no
jitund upon th s soil, becoming fast even linsl
?atio:is. The point where they come into inint
diato contact, namely, Washington?what is
but u Fore and angry ulcer? Northern n<
Southern men meet there now almost as inort
enemies. When the two nations come casuall
face to face, as thry flock in to settle a new ron
try (namely, Kansas), ii is as if a war party
Cfioethws met ft cloud of Ciilimick Tnrlnr.?
seems as though limy must fight it out hrft
cither cau rest iu peace.
Good yews from the Indian*.?liy the nrri\
?f the steamer from Key Went, Tampa, A*e.t
Thursday, wo are placed in po.-sesxion of lliegr;
ifyiug intelligence, through General Curler, w
came on aa a passenger, that. 117 Indians wr
iu at Fort Myers, ready to emigrate! This mi
ber is composed of 3H warriors and h'4 worn
and children, and constitute the hands of Ho
legs and Assinwah. Itolh of these chiefs n
present, with nil their plunder," ready to inn
at any time. The resl of the liostiles consists
Sam Jones' baud, numbering 23 warriors, 13
the "Murkoe" tribe and 7 Tallahasscca. A p,
of the Arkansas delegation had gone iu <jue?i
there, with a prospect of securing the einigriit
of the inost, if nut nil of them. Sam Jones
helpless and nearly blind, and averse to tnovii
but Ihe most of his warriors are willing to j
and asked a few days in which to operate u|i
the balance. On the whole, the prospect of g
ting the Indians off is most flattering?thanks
the efforts of our noble volunteers. The Indii
arf represented as being almost without cloth,
and ammunition. Major lector, the Govei
Qpft- meut Agent having charge of the emigrulii
will pay them nothing until they arc aboard
the steamer and properly registered. This p
caution seems to be satisfactory. The nmill
of warriors relumed is only 76?considerably 1
than has been generally 6up[x>sed to be in t
nation, though with thenddiloti of those kill
the number will be found to correspond pre
accurately with the estimate made by Cnpt C
e?y r-TaXlah cuue Floridiav, May 1.
A Ncto. ^Motive Power.?A scientific friend
forms us that he has just made a visit of eurpr
interest, and admiration to Trov, New Yo
where ho saw in successful operation an exp<
mental engine, which saves fifty per cent, of I'i
Our friend thinks the invention is destined
work an entire revolution in the economy
team navigation. A saving of tifiy per cent
fuel, with, as is represented lo us, considern
. reduction ill the size of boilers mid no addu
fo the expense of. and in fact very slight chi
fmM. ttfc f.tvA llTftrltinarif aT art ~
gine, the new motor will drive nailing vessels
the ocean as well as inland waters. Tim n
angino wfemnnafacfnredntllie locomotive wo
ana is freely opened to engineer* aud scient
enquirers.? Washington Stales.
Dc*M>yed by Fire.?We are sorry to learn t
et-last Friday, Mr. O. P. Fullmer, of Dutch Kr.
met with a sad calamity by fire. The fire or
njtUftl in his kitchen, and no ono being ut h<
at the time, spread to his dwelling and consul
it and.content^ leaving him not even a elm
of clothes. Th'o fir^origiiiftted^it is suppo
through th? careles4fe^ of negroes.?
* n ' '
A Deadly Colors?The new Arof green of
Park spring fashions, it ia slated, is dyed v
rmek poieonoua materials that eeam stresses '
priek their fingers while setfing it lose theuf
their l>-nda, and ladies have been taken viol
)f ill fron* bearing shawls of this color.
tint i? tery brilliant.
Thursday Morning, May 13, 1858.
w. C. DAVIS, Editor.
B_/* The Iriends of DR. J. J. WARDLAAV
would respectfully announce liini us n Candidate
for llio Legislature, nt the ensuing election.
ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMER VANDERBILT.
The Stonmer I'anderbill itrrivcil nt New York
i cm tno li't.li iiiht-t lirinuiiijj advices from Liver|
pool t<? 2Xt.!i ult. Prices of Cotton unchanged
eincc the advices by the Enropca ; market quiet
and steady. It is reported that Spain expects to
engage in war with the United States.
We call attention to the notices of Apph-.tou
I & II. M. Perrhnan, M. L. Edwards. Ami also,
: that of .lohn t'erbctt, I'ainter. Mr. Corhett has
j done work for several gentlemen of this village,
I anil those we have heard speak of his work, ri|
commend him as one skilled in his profession.
ADMISSIONS IN EQUITY.
The following gentlemen were, on Friday lapt(
admitted and licensed as Solicitois in Kijuity:
liolx-rt 1". Allison, Lancaster ; A. Austin,
Chesterfield; 15. \V. Hall, I,aureus; Josiah Hedon,
Waltcrboro; S. C. Denmhl, Abbeville; S.
It. Griffin Edgfield; Win. IlicUson, Barnwell
1*. \V. Ileadlv, Columbia; John Izard Middleton,
jr., Charleston ; Robert W. P. Tompkins,
lidgfield; James II. Whitner, Anderson.
THE "WESTMINSTER REVIEW.
We have from the publishers, Lkoxaiw Scott
& Co., Xi'tf Yoik, tlic April number, with llic
following table of contents.
The Religion of Positivism; Recollection* of
Shelly niiil Hyron; China?Past and Present;
Purlv fJoverniiient; The lioscobcl Tracts; Our
Kelatioii to the Princes of India; Medical Reform;
Organization of the War Department;
Con temporary Literature.
j THE PRICES CURRENT.
In accordance with the expressed desire of a
i number of our subscribers, we commence this
1 week the publication of tlio Prices Current of a
few leading articles of the Markets of Charles
ton, Agusta and Columbia, which will he carefully
corrected every week, according to the
1 repojt of the papers of these cities. We also
give thi* Prices Current of a few articles of our
I own Market.
T Mr. II. W. Lawso.v has exhibited to us a
J simple but an effective little npurntus, designed to
, ! exhaust the air from fruit cans, lie has pur*
I chased tbc. Patent. Rijjhi from the patentee for
- j this District, and ollel's it to the public as the
t m?>st effective mode of preserving any kind ol
ft nil during the entire year, as fresh and natural
> as when plucked from the tree. It is well known
that if the nil cau be excluded front contact with
1 fruits of any kind that they will not decav, hut
P , *
, i will preserve I heir freshness. This apuratus can
| be had from Mr. Lawso.v at a trilling cost, con'
j sideling the priceless luxury which can he hat
" | by its use, in the shape of fresh Strawberry
C j llaspberry, Pencil, Apple and other fruit-pies du
n j rjjpg the entire winter season.
I j BATTALION DRILL.
I' ( We attended, on last .Saturday, the Battalion
| Drill at Chalk Level. Maj. Fosiikf., thotigli
,, j youinr in eouimatiil, appeared to understaiic
i, ; thoroughly his duties. The evolnti'ins were peril
formed with more than usual promptness. Th<
" j ('apt.litis and subordinate uflii.-ers loo,"by theii
.. j pioinptnesj, exhibited nil uptitude nml willing
e ; iioss in the discharge of their duties seldom wit
I ncbsrd on similar occasions
Col. Ci.inkscai.ks and Stafl\ reviewed. At tin
. ! ..I ..r -I... T1.ll il . ' I 1
(i i > <> in'- iMiii me i.ouwiei mane it siKiri com
il plimentarv speech, which was received with loin
'* cheering find applause. Tho Surgeon of tin
,r Regiment, Dr. C. V. Raiinks, was then calloi
(i upon, who made ii few enthusiastic remarks upoi
"i the propriety of the Malitui .System, compliment
i ing very highly the officers and privates of th
^ ' COTTON CROP ON THE MISSISSIPPI.
: We have heen favored with the following c>
|y tract of a letter, Bays the Charleston Couriei
j from a highly respectable and reliahlo house, f
11> Memphis, Tenn., dated 3d inst., from which i
1 will he seen that recent heavy rains, much mot
to : than lulling frost, give but ti sorry prospcct of
w | cotton crop, this season, in that vicinity. Th
' rise in the river, spoken of in the letter, is pro!
j( j nhly tho result of tho freshet n( St. Lous, Mo
ml ; of which wt! had a despatch on the 11th tilt:
j ''The river has continued to liae since we lai
'3' I wroto you, until to day?it. is nt last on a stain
. It is now higher than it. has been since 182s.:
The whole country below hero is under wate
( There is no chanee for a crop this year. It is
,r" , ltxed fn<u now that nothing over nn avernj;
I crop can lie made this season. Wo note fro
j the Courier you send its, the frost accounts ; I
great damage has been done bv if. to tlie emir
in this region ; there was not. enough ??j> to Inn
lii> what \v?3 up \v:is killed. The hem
rains di<l more damage. We will have a h;
' start for a erop, which must keep cotton BiilF t
'"* .1 ? 1
l ie beat-Oil.
ire !' THE WILLIAMSTON HOTEL.
>ve j We are pleased to Icnrn that tlio Compan
who have tinder way the construction of tli
; mnnimo'li Hotel, for the accommodation of tl
uf : pleasure seokiug public, have 60 far progress!
ion \ with it as to he able to statu it will be ready I
,s I the reception of company by the 10th or 15th
*' ! Juno next. Wo also learn that W. M. Iluaiii
on > has sold his interest to his three copartners, Mess
t- | J. g. Willson, II. T. Tostis and E. Nelson.
1 t(> j That the public may have somu idea of t
j|||r i extensive arrangements which the Company n
rn~ j making for their accommodation, we give t
?n, ' following as the dimensions of the House: 2
ot , feet in length, by 41 feet in breadth?3 stori
,er Wl"' iin ^ '30 feet. The honso is divid
vks into Dining Itoom 130 by 41 feet, Hall Room
lie ' l?y 4 l, Parlor 50 by 18, with 150 Bleeping roon
J"1'* ' many of them 18 i>y 18. The height of stor
is 14, 12 and 10.
In the way of amusement* there will be E
j^. liard Saloons, Bull Alliee, and nil such nccessn
iftt, | appendngfs; tlio whole to be well fitted wi
rk. j Gas Lights.
in- j Company congratulate themselves tl
(o . they have been successful in securing Col. F.
of! Hoak. who has had considerable experience
o' I proprietor of the Amor!i>nn u?.i?t r-i i?..
__ awvuI} Villi! ICRK
,)'n to take charge of the house.
| The members of Iht Company we men of tna
en- J energy and enterprise, anil it m?y be siifely p
?I1 ; dieted iliat they will spare no elfort to iiiu
rk? i Willianwlon ^pfi'igs a home for the invalid,
,ilic W0M nB a fashionable resort of all who mny ht
time to seek pleasure, and money to pay for it
!rkl ^r~ J'?9an-?were pleased to see
ici' fr,cnd Br- Logan, in our town, on Mond
)me "e 18 trftvel'nR through the ap-country
ned ",e PurP?*??f collecting information (or his for
e coming work on the Revolutionary history of I
Red "pper portion of this State. A work of thiak
iton '9 ??rla'nly nAded. Whilo the battle-fields
the low have been celebrated in prose and vet
those of the up country, though move the less f
the riou* or important in their reeult*, have been
vith ^.nioBt entirely unnoticed. From what we kn
who ""of the ability aud energy of the doctor, we p
leof diet the work will be complete both in the ae<
tint- racy of its details und in the clcgance of its d
fbe tion. It is his intention to have the work reu
for the 'presa iu llie fall.?Spartanburg Kxpr.
DEATH OF SENATOR EVANS.
Ac:>"? South Carolina, ere flic had ceased to
lament Ircr bereavement from the loss of Judge
Biitlkr, In called u (Mill to iiiomi'ii the loss of another
of her Senators from tho counsels of the Nation.
The melancholy news hue ero this been disseminated
into every nook and eorner of the
State, th'at Judge IS vans died on the morning ol
the ?th iiist., from dis-onse of the heart. IIis
death was quite sudden. ITo was in his seat in
| the Senate the day previous to his death. Wc
take from tlio Columbia Guardian the following
summary of his public career:
Senator Evans wiih 72 venrn of age. lit;
was the classmate in the South Carolina College
of Col. James CJregg, CJoveriiors Miller nml Mill"
jihy ; the Uev. Messrs. Strong, Julm and Joseph
i I^iwry, nnil Mr. CharleHStevens, and graduated
with iliem iti 1S08. ile was admitted to the liai
1 in 181'2.
I He was Commissioner in Equity for Clicraw
' for Home lime. In lMfi he was a member of tlir
' (louse of Ucprcseiit>itives of this St ate. In 18n
j he was elected Solictor of the Northern, now
: called the Eastern Circuit, anil was continued h)
j successive elections until lie was elected a Circuit
i Judge ill December, IH'29.
in 18!5t>, when the separate Court of Appeal:
j was broken up, he became also a Judge ol tin
; Court of Appeals, lie continuedin the ilischnrgi
| ol his judicial duties until lin was elected in De
cetuber, IK.V2, United States Senator.
Like our Federal Senators and Reprereenta
tives, whom we have been nailed upon to iiiouri
i within the space of u le w years, he died, liteially
! with the harness on, and closed bis useful life ii
I the service of that State which was always ready
to accord linn the liii'hesL position that lie wouli
| We are informed lliat Senator Evans hud soiik
j premonitions ?>f the approach of the mighty coil
qileror. lie said to olio of his most iiilimati
! friends not more than a month ago, that he l'enrei
| lie was threatened with disease of the heart, lli
fears have been widly realized and South Caro
lina again mourns one of her purcbt and mos
faithful public servants.
Of Senator livens. in a few words, the best o
all panegyrics may be pronounced?ho was ai
honcKt, just and good man, who " feared Goi
and cschcwcd evil."'
Messrs. liitANcn it At.t.KN, Auenis, laid npo
our table the first volume of the American Cy
elopedia, issued from the Publishing Hons? <j
I). Ari'i.KTON ?t Co., New York. We have mi
had time to do more than glance through it.?
\\ e find it 11 large volume, well bound in ca
skin, and containing 752 pages. We are high I
pleased with the style and typography of th
work, and hesitate not to nay that if the fit I ill
volumes of this work shall compare with tli
first, that the Book, wh<?n the volumes are coir
pleted, will win its way to popular favor.
Tliis woik will be invaliinble n.s a Book ?
j IJefercncc. The articles upon 11 irflory, llm^rr
i pliy, Ctoographv, Topography, Geology and tier
eral Science and Art, nrc written by the iiioi
eminent American and Kuropcau authors. "NY
tako the following extract from the muncmi
testimonials of distinguished names embraced i
the circular of tlin Publishers. Speaking of tli
advantages this has over similar works, I'm
" It has, moreover, the important advantage (
t presenting a still greater amount of origin:
American materials, including the most rccct
researches, skilfully interwroughl with the foi
I cigu mutter, and thus forming a beautiful all
t rich literary mosaic, while it is, as far as I ha>
observed, IVee from nny trace of national vanity
1 believe we may feel assured, if the future vo
iiiiips arc brought out with the ability and lidetil
which are so conspicuous in this first volume, th
tho entire work will form an important additii
i j to American literature and science, which ha\
i accumulated treasures so important ami divertI
tied that llicro is now a fair lie Id fur tliciv full di
play. We arc now in st condition to inakc avai
' able returns for our large drafts upon tho scieni
i uii'l arts of Kurope."
r We understand that Messrs. ISkancu Ai.n
- will furnish the work to subscribers at exact
tho same price at which it can be obtained, *
red from the Publishers.
THE WEATHER AND CROPS.
j We dip the following notices of the effects
the lato cold snap. The Vixburg Southron say
*' We are jflad to learn that the recent fro.'
have nut seriously affected the cot ten crops, ai
>< that under the denial influence of die fine aprii
> weather we have been enjoying for the past ft
u days, a very markeil ami desirable improveme
is manifested. The corn fields continue to pi
sent a most flourishing and encouraging uppci
The Lexington Advertiser of Holmes Counl
|( " We had a decidedly cold spell during t
early part of the week. On last Tuesday mor
II inn there was a heavy frost, which, it is said,
e soino instances, has materially Mijured the von
a corn and cotton crop. Much fear is apprehend
for the cotton. There is iioat, we learn, not
particle of seed among our planters, if it shot
' be necessary to replant."
? Our exchanges note the fuel that, licui Aust
Texas, the grasshoppers have consumed evi
I?" thing in the shape of Wheat. Corn and Cotti
In regard to Western Texas, aTextss paper saj
r. "A Rent Ionian who has just returned from
n journey through Gonzales, Caldwell, Hays, C'oi
0 Gaudaloupe, l'.exar, Karnes and PeWilt col
n) tics, informs ns that generally throughout tli
,,, counties the grasshoppers hare destroyed tho <
,n tire growing crop3 of corn, wheat, cotton a
t, garden vegetables, so that there is scarcely
y green tiling left. On tlie Oiholo, the grassh
l(j pers were bo nuinerou* a Week ago, that ouj,11
formunt could not put his foot to tho ground wi
out treading on them.
' The planters, though greatly dishearten
are in hopes these destructive insects may loi
early in May, in which case they think they 11
i> make tolerable crops of cotton mid corn, as
lis prospects otherwise wcro never belter.
|le . "These insects ent everything clean as tl
j po. Our informautsays he saw wheat fields
B the outside of which the wheat was cut dowi
ur clean as it could have been done hy a cradle, i
of cveiy stalk eat up, while the b;ilanc? of
EV fields had not he?n touched at all. They
only eat the corn that is above the ground,
l8, eat everything under ground to tho roots. T
are now commencing to fly, and this is loo
he upon as a favorable omen.
rc "Asyrt the grasshoppers havo not made tl
. appearacce higher up than Austin, nor farl
to the cast, nor are they yet seen in or be
20 Victoria. Rut within this range the dostruc
ies has already been very great,
j "We understand these destructive little i
t" A..*. .: .U- I - J *i- '
iimio mc ?i3U urTUUliilj^ HIJ ICUVC8 IIIIII IIIO II
j(' of fruit treps, such as tho pcacli und pour;
(is, whether they will do them any serious injur)
jcs mains to he tested."
Tho Holly Springs, (Mississippi) Herald sr
jjj. 'The dumage done to lender plants and
ctables by tho frost on Monday night is incu
ry lable. Thousands of acres of young cot
ith which had just innde^ts appearance above groi
were totally killed, and the misfortuue it. th
int great nuinlior of farmers have but littlo seed t<
' plant with."
as THE EFFECT.
>n# A correspondent of the Savannah Ilepubli
thus alludes to the cffect of resumption of sp
,c. payments, by the Banks of Augusta, while tl
re* of Charleston are still suspended:
ke "Augusta is a point which must exert a \
as great influence upon Charleston, ns'the bnsi
lve of the former lias usually flowed into her I
and though I regret, a* a Goorgiaftj* to sa;
there seems to be more good feeling existing
twecn those two cities than between Savan
Mr and Augusta. This position must be chau
lay now, at least until the Charleston banks resn
for No one can fail to comprehend the plan the
th' gusta banks wdl follow. They certainly will
the, -take bills on Charleston, becuuse they'will it
iud for them their own notes, redeemable in sp<
i off: and receive? in Charleston, at maturity,- cur
'se? fttiid*- Is it not plain, then, that Charleston
jlo- not reoeiva^her proportion of the coltoo rem
III* inrr !rt ** *nrtrfiiof ok* llmMAk.t 1 ? ? ? ?
?B '- ?? """ *"? I
ow maafcy than-she will **n?ka??- Wsnensionf
re- remit seems perfectly clear that 8av&iiu?hi
"su- reap n harvest by the continued suspension oi
lie- Carolina banks, and I, for one, will rejoice to
dy (hem continue twifyeir present state (ill foi
'Si. eut of it by }e(gp4iti&a"
V; Ik JL
Tito Washington tilatcs gives* (lie fi?llo\viiij?
! items of Congressional News :
I Sonntor TmiiiIis moved that be be excnscc<j
t ftoiit further acting on the Judiciary Commitj
Tlie. ltesolution appropriating ?7,500 lo the
widow of Cnpt. Ilerndon, wris agreed to by a
vote of :t2 to 8.
Senator Benjamin offered the following resolution,
with appropriate remarks;
1 Resolved, Tlint the President of the United
States l>? requested to inform the Senate if any
i and what measures huve been taken for the pro,
tectiou of Ameiiean commerce in the ports of
Mexico during the present districted condition of
that country, and especially whether any dim)
! what measures have been taken for obtaining re;
dress for the recent outrages on American vessels
. oomniit f oil in llii? rw??*i #*f '!*? ? ?*?? c. ?
, ? - I I? "? ",1 I"">
' tecting Mich vessels against u repetition of Mich
The vole on the Paraguay resolutions was reconsidered,
on m?*ion of Senator Bayard; the
upshot of which was, tin* original rcsoln
tion of Senator Mason was passed as follows:
r Jirxo/ml, That, for the purpose of adjusting
' the differences between tho United State!) and
1. | the Republic of Paraguay, in connection with
the attiek on the United States steamer Water*
I Witeh, and with other matters referred to in the
: animal message of the President, lie he and is
: hereby iiiithmizuil to adopt such measures and
use Mieli foree as in his judgment may he necessary
and advisable in the event of a refusal of
just satisfaction hy the Gevernmeul of Parai
, So there were two resolutions of a belligerent,
i or rattier of u sell-protective, nature passed.
>' In the Senate, on Thursday, numerous poti1
tionp anil reporls on uriim|Hirlimt subjects, &c.,
were introduced and properly disposed of.
u Mr. I verse 11 introduced a resolution of inquiry,
having in view the establishment of u customis
house at Atlanta, <Ja., agreed to.
I A hill authorizing the Secretary of IheTreass
ury to sell the custom-house property a'. Bath,
- Me., was passed.
t At his request, Mr. Toombs was excused from
further service on the Judiciary Pommittc:
'f Mr. Douglas, from the Committed" Territo.
II riiw. rtinni'hul u 1**11 i? l>?? ? ?!" ?.-i.
, ; i : -/ y Will
lisltcd betwcn the L nitcd States territory and tho
St nit*, of Texas.
Air. llroderick called up a resolution making
certain injuries of tlie Postmaster Cieiiornl an It
ii alleged mismanagement in tin; Sun Francisci
. post olliee ; which was pending when our report
In the House, Mi*. Taylor, of endea vorc<
to introduce a resolution directing the President
- to make certain lii'juirieH as to tin- legality ol
jj. seiv.ure and arrest of William Walker hy Com
. modore Paulding, and whether the ctreumslanei
^ is not calculated to involve the government, ii
c difficulties with other governments ; objected to
e The House then resumed the consideration o
c the hill making appropriations for the legislative
judicial, and executive brunches of the Govern
'f 'J h : Coolie Trifle.?We have read with plcasnn
i- among recent advices from China that our Minis
ter. .Mr. Keed, has sent to Washington a strotit
representation upon the subject of the (jiolii
trade iu which many American and Koglisli ves
c -Is are now engaged. Our late iuforuiatioi
is front Cuha, which is now the great market for tin
,, tin fort unate Celestials, recording the arrival o
successive cargoes, shows an amount of mortulit;
IL iimoug these emigrant* that is truly appalling.?
f- Of all the nefarious trades in which man eve
engaged the Coolie trade is the most, revolting.?
lis barbarities surpass the horrors of the " niiddl
(| i passage, arm yet uioMi wiki are most active n
I its prosecutions arts oilizens of ihn nations froti
which we hoar tIn* longest, outcries in behalf ci
Iimnnniiy an<l freedom. Wo are told of ilu-s
,0 wretched beings dying <><> tl?*s prolonged passag
^ from Asia lo the Atlantic coast-, of hunger, thirst
and the foulest discuses engendered by close cor
.. fincineiit, willioul air or proper nutriiiient, in Ih
A holds of ships. We ate told of these unfortunate
(|1 murdering one another in the agony of their dei
0 peration, and although the thing is plain am
j, palpable, the evidence of its existence iinqiies
_ tioaed and utuleniahle, the civilized Christia
H_ world shrugs its shoulders, exclaims and connni:
ce serat.es, and leaves the helpless creatures to ill
pitiless fate which the cupidity of their fellow
has brought upon them. In extennation of (h
guilt iucuireil it is alleged that the parlies coi
>" eeraed have a contract, with the Coolies; bat, i
]i- truth, the deluded victim is a slave; n slave, to<
without the rights and the protection which on
domestic institution extends to the negro. It.
time that the pretended philnnlhrophists, wh
f demand the exiirpalion of African slavery in th
? country, irrespective of whatever consequence
st might produce, should have turned their altei
i1s tiou to the fearful features of this attocious trad
id ?Haiti more A incriean.
'w A Fixfirr;/ Bounty.?In the Senate, 011 the 4t
instant, Senator Clay, of Alabama, made U
rc- following remarks on the Government bountv 1
ir* tho fisheries:
' Mr. Clay, of Alabama, made a lenglhene
ty, speech, giving the statistics ol tlie rod fisher;
The hounty, he said, was first grunted hecuti
the fishery was momentous to thn tonnage, eon
lic merce and revenue of the United Stales. J
?" the time of tlie Involution, fishing vessels cor
prised one-sixth the whole tonnage of the con
try; jiow ii is hut one-forly-eighth. 'I'hei: tl
1 export of cod was one-sixth of the whole foreii
' ? commerce ; now it is hut one six-hundredth pit
"" Then it. wns productive of revenue; now it tak
out of the revenue *:t:tO,OiiO annually more h;
in, it. puts in. An aggregate of ?lt2,0iH?,()iil) It
jry heen paid in bounties. of which ? 1 1,000.Oi
|)n have gone into tho pockets of some lf>,000 lis
ermeii, or more likely some 3,000 fish-owners
, ri: Massachusetts and Maine. Moreover,the houn
i a was in realiiv a drawback or compensation I
mil the duties paid oil salt, was so regarded by t
ill- fishcimeii themselves, mid so proved from I
ese whole history of the bounty. It was, be?idi
I'll- unconstitutional hi principle, inasmuch as it
iiid iuie<pi.il in ite operations, there being virt.ua
i a no difference whether a State like MnsKachuse
op- or Mainn he exempted fiom taxation, or whetli
in- the taxes collected from other States be ap)>i
th- printed to pay their drawbacks. Further, I
cod-fishing business is one which pays lictt
cd, than most others, and hence wants no tpcc
rive legislation. Ho demanded tho repeal of I
lay bounties, because they are unconstitutional, i
the just, demoralizing, and have signally failed
accomplish the object for which they were ori
1 ad The Chinene.?In a country where the roi
and have no fragrance, and the women no petticoa
the where the laborer has no Sahbath, and the niajj
Ilot trato no sonce of honor; whero the roads bt
but no vehicles, nnd tho ships no keels ; where <
l'?-y irsen fly kites; whero the tioedle points to I
k^d pouth, nnd the sign of being puzzled is to sural
the antipodes of tho head ; where tho place
,el1' honor is on the left hand, and tho seat of int
',er lect is in the stomach; where to take off ji
'?w hat is an insolent gesture, and to wear while j>
lion monts is to put yourself in mourning?wo ouj
not to be astonished to find a lileruturc withe
ttnl* an alphabet, and a language without a gramni
'" 'k If we add tiiat for countless centuries, the Gi
but frnnieiit bus been in the hands of Slate philo
' ro" pliers, nnd the vernacular dialect* have hi
abandoned to the laboring classes, (I nm ab
iys: in the next few words to call fovlh the execial
of every Sinologue in Europe and Asin,) wo in
Icu- not sUirtled to find that this Chinese langui
(OI, is the inost intricate, cumbrous and unwieldy
ji,,! hiclo of thought that ever obtained among i
at a people. "
jre. The are eighteen distinct langungcH 111 Chi
?1.* rini.H K
bciiutiful invention deserving.of all imitation,
written langungo is so contrived us to denote
the same character, the sounds of each of
ua'1 nineteen different words, oil of which it oqut
ecie represent*, this is of no greut use among the n
[lose titude who cannot read. y ^
There is not a#n;ni among our ChineseScliol
who can fpeuk three of these languages v*
,ery fluency, and there is not one who can safi
',es? either write or interpret an important State
P'? per, without the assistance of a " teacher.
VyJ*' Hong Kong Correspondent London Timet.
ged Books Recovered.?A giwt discovery of bo
line, and documents was nma? daring the last wi
Au- by the -Hquse Committa on Accounts, when
not some thiriyMhousand volumes and numbers
uu? valuable works have been brought to light fi
:cie," the "catacombs" or vaults undor the great
rent tundo of the of the Capitol. There were pa
will ages of the ' Pacific Railroad Expeditio
ain- " Jnpan Expedition," "United Statutes at Larg
nore &e. Other works are mentioned, which o
The have been set aside at mftre distant dates, thi
it. to cotnplete Jourrtal of the English House of Lu
' the and Commons since the middle of the tew
> see teentli century. The works of Jolin A'do
;ced complete are amongst the works thus exham
I THE POLITICAL CONDITION OF EUROPE.
Tlic Pari- correspondent of the HosUm Trnv- |fJ
eller writes as follows on tlio potlical condition j;
You may depend upon it, this imperial cnthu- )|
siasiu of the in (crated, tlii* buiistcd imperial ac- t,
(ion is destined to experienen a terrible reaction, c
the liko of which the world 1ms never Been. h
Glance over all Europe and see how delicate ft
is the posture of affairs in general. Sardinia ! n
I and Naples are on tin* eve of an open ru;?tnre on ' ?
| their differences respecting the steamship t'ngli- ! 0
nri. The efTerveseenee iti Ijutiibardy Venitia is i u
so great tint Aiistrinn Government has deemed it t<
prudent to send three additional regiments thiih- |>
| er. Since 1W8 there has not been ho much ng- ti
itation in ],oml>axly nnd Venice. A few nights e
i ni>n, Mine. Strozzi, a Venetian lady of rank, en- ii
; tered the Feniee. wearing, by accident, a head- ?
^ dress adorned with yellow and black leathers n
i (these aro (In- Austrian colors.) The moment i <>
she was perceived, such a clamor was raised in r
the theatre thai she was instantly obliged to re- ?i
tire, and to call upon Austrian officers for proc- |
| teetion ; a good many arrests were made, and ||
j the next night the t heatre was closed "hy order." t
j Whenever a plav is brought out in which eon- |
| spirators appear, they are veliemenlly applauded. (]
, A short time since, the directors of sonic play re- I I
(juiced the Doge of Venice to appear in old cos- ! f
! tunic. Such Irani ic annlaus" as greeted this im- ! >
i age of the past, so dear, was iicvit commanded ; >
' even l>y Tuiilioni or Kul>iiii in their prime. Ai ' I
I'adua sunl I'aiva, (hotIt still Heats of ilnivcritios, |
failed though their splendor is) the students sent ' ?i
20 francs (? a cure, with a request that, ho would : 1
sav mass for the mill of some deceased person, ' |
at ait appointed time, without, however, letting ' r
I hint know for whom the mass was intended. | '
The Students wont to the church in a hody, ] i
! anil sang una roeti the requiem, umiouiiciiiir it ' I
win for tlio re|io<? of Orisi-ii's soul. It was the j i
' trial of Orisiui. 11. .lules F.ivre's speech and Orij
nidi's letter which has rousvd Italy to ^ fever I
! scarcely lower than that wnieh fired the l'eiiin- |
j stilar in '-IS. The relations of France and Swit- !
Zetland are far from heinir satisfactory. the Fedc- j '
I ral (iovernment of Switzerland being strongly : 1
opposed to the establishment of new consular | '
J agents in towns on the Helvetic (iallic frotitier, , 1
i for military reasons, while Franco threatens |
| Switzerland with retiring the exrijiuilor from all !
j Swiss consuls in Fiance if the hew consuls arc ' 1
i not accepted. The po-ition of Franco and Hug- !
' : land is also unsatisfactory, fur not. only the ulI
liancn is in the smile weakened condition, lint
, the occupation of the iMaiul of I'criui hy Kiijj1
! land, is looked IIIIOII ll<< :i viillillmti nf nvit:litiir
> | treaties, which the intercuts of Franco and litis- j
| sia require them l<i resist witli energy. Marshal i
I I'clissier li'iivrs this week for l.i>n<l<>ti, ttnil the [
I | papers say "tint alliance depends upon tin- l'e- |
I1 eeption In-, and the jn n/ioxitions fir carrirx, meet." |
There is a minor nlloat thai all I.Ik; gem-rat.*, j
especially those of the engineering corps, who |
| served in lh?- ('riinca, "wiil avail themselves ?f ,
> j the opporliimt y " to present their homage to the
j Queen. I ft hey po iici to Kugland, it is merely I
' to in.ike a military rccontioisnuce with that per,
tidy Imbilllal to this race, under the guise of a
friendly visit. Marshal I'ehs.sier is not only accompanied
by the lisilal legation, hut he is att<-m].
ed with his stall", ordinance officers, ami aids-lie?
cnnip. All this looks disagreeable.
t T,ij'e- Prrscrrhit/ Sbmns/i iji.?1'iofessor J. (J
, F. Salomon, aided hy Mr. George \V. Morris, of
Baltimore, has invented a (steamship, the plan of
i j whieli is now receiving the attention of the Secc
i retary of the Navy, ami of the Committee of
f the Senate on Naval Alfaiis. The portion of the
f hulk or Irame of the vessel on which the engine
and hoilers rest is so constructed as to he capable
r of detachment from the body of the ship. The
keelson is made much thicker ami stronger than
c in ordinary vessels. Two open spaces are made
j on each side, of sufficient size to allow the cuii
gines and hoilers to he dropped through them. ?
,f Into these are fitted detachable pieces, waterc
tight, and coiiiicclcd by an ingenious contrivance,
r. so that they call instantly be disconnected.?
,, Arches of timber, on each side of the ship, are
i sprung lengthwise acro-s tliu spaces where these
c detachable pieces arc siluali'il. Water partitions
h are countructed. The spaces between the limi
hers arc filled with ground cork mid liquid cuita
] pcrcha. Little change is produced in tlie form
i. lit' the vessel, till the engines have heen dropped
ii through the. bottom, when a well, before open, is
k- closed, battened and caulked, and water occupies
< the space thus created, performing the oflicc of
rs ballast. The whole machinery is worked Iron,
e the deck.
i- Mes?rs. Salomon & Morris claim that a vessel
n constructed upou this principle would be saved,
,t if in the condition of the Central America after
ii- her tires were, extinguished, or of the Arctic or
in Lyonuais alter their collisions. It would only lie
o necessary to ease them of the weijrht of their
is engines and boilers, thus enabling them to rise
;t high enough to'elevate the leak above the surface,
i- or to a point at which it could be remedied, and
c. certainly greatly lightening the vessel.
Their jYrxt Move.?As a matter of course, the
j, Republican party manager** are not going to lose
,e the freedom-shrieking 'for Kansas) card, if they
[a can avoid doing so. They propose to throw into
(ho Territory an avalanche of speakers from
j abroad, to endeavor to induce its iububituuts to
reject tin- plan of admission enacted by Congress.
Our advices from that ipiarter assure ns that
they will fail in their efforts. The truth is, it
^ will inevitably happen that Kansas will remain
n. many years the battle-ground of " agitation," to
uinuuctiuii ui inn IIIiKCIiai IIIUTCSlS 01 IIS
|H'0|?U?, in cane this Republican policy triumphs.
r|I The composition ?f tin; Sen at? of the United
~l_ States is such, hikI must remain such fur the next
,g i<'ii years, as to make this fact, palpable; and it
in will have line weight in defeating the schemes of
ns the njiilntors, (says the Washington Star,) and
,0 our readers may rely upon it. In explanation
I,, of their scheme.*, we append the following ex
((f tract from the New Yoik Times' Washington
u'r ' The Republicans are not. at all depressed,
|lc hut Hay that it. is only a Hunker Hill defeat, to
|,? hn followed, like that, by the uprising of the
,s country. The best opposition speakers will be
js thrown into Kansas as soon an the election is orl]v
deretl, with the expectation of defeating the aduptl"K
tion of the constitution, in which case a renewed
application for admission with the new coastitupo.
tion, in spite of the prohibition, will l>e advised."
lie ... "?"*"'* ? ??
pp Virginia Railroad* and the Virginia Pretn.?
ial ^ 0 'u,mi from the Hichmond Kxainiuer tli.it the
llu managers of Virginia ruilroTids have alsilishcd
m. the dead system, as far, at least, as the Press is
tn concerned; whereupon that paper declares that
"it is just what iniuhi have been expected of
selfish, heartless, soulless corporation." The lixaminer,
while condemning tliu atrocious conduct
Fes l'1-e rui'wl,VH having 'iist bribed tlie Press
to support their measures by liberal presents of
,8* freni*l*i null t.li?.n witlilmliliiirr tliMin
[ their purposes liml been accomplished, still rejld
j"'ecs 'l because the Press will thereby be left
(jjc independent to sp.?nk of the railways oh they
deserve. The Kwuniner, now that its shackles
()j. have been removed, lins no hesitation in declur
el- 'ng that "The support of railroads in Virginia
our ',uli ',0L'" ft'0"1 tl't' iirtsl an up-hill business with
,ar the Press, and that the peoplo liavo been against
,ju tliein all the timo anJI are still opposed to them."
~ut This is not very complimentary to the Virginlar
lft"8 kut we presume it is quite true. Tlio Ex
,v- Hln'ner ought to he good authority on this point.
iiQm If we may be allowed to express our opin:on on
j the subject, we should say that the raili oads acout
te,l very naturally in showing their imliflfcrenoe
ion to ,'10 K00ll will of a power that could be bribed
i 840 cheaply as by the gift of free tickets.?New
"Re York T,'netve
iny Melancholy Occurrcncc at Magnolia.?We regret
to learu that, during the delivery of Dr.
nQ) Dickson's ode, at the ceremony of inauguration,
y n tins morning, at Magnolia, fh? staging erected
(|IC for the speakers broke down, by which accident
j,y a son of Dr. Peurifoy was almost instantly killed,
ll,0 and a white lad, naine unknown, had Iwtli lega
djy broken. All. on the stage \rere precipitated tc
ml- the ground, but noother serious injuries were sustained,
it being a matter of astonishment that
?rs there was not more extensive injury to life or
uly This casualty of courso interrupted the pro
pM. ccrdings, and we are requested to Buy that th*j
" will be postponed until further notice.?Charleston
0k' A Life Preserving Steamer.?We lenrn thai
eelr Capta. iDgriiliHm and Smith and Mr. Legthall,
United States Navy, have been constituted bj
' 0*f the Secretary of the Nnvy it BoArd of Commission
om ers, in accordance with a resolution6f the Senate
ro. for the purpose of examining into the merits of c
cjj. newly invented " Life Preserving Steamboat,'
n > by Messrs. Morris 6c Salomon, of Baltimore.?
,e'?> Washington Star.
is a Senator Biggs was, on Monday, confirmed bj
rds the United States Senate as Judge of the Unite<
en- States District Court of North Carolina, in plaei
ims of Judge Henry Potter, recently deceased, wh(
led. ocoupied the offica for fifty-six years, having brer
appointed by Pre*ideut Jefferson
Gov. Flot/il'a Opponents.?Wo copy tlie folding
from the Washington correspondent of iho
low York 'J'iinrs:
My despatch relative to the coiubiiintion which
(is been tacitly formed for the purpose of forcing
ovcrnor Floyd out of (lio Cabinet, Ims caused
otmidcrable conversation and speculation, and
as drawn vehement denial* from some of his
lends. This. however, waken no difference, us
iy despatch whs based on facts, not supposition!*,
nd it may he satisfactory to add that one or two
f the bent informed of Governor Floyd's friends
re conscious of these facts, mid are determined
n make use of them. The ground-work of the
ostility to Governor Floyd is composed of aeveal
ilistiuct wclm, but the obvious cause is Floyd's
special tendencies in connection with the defecon
of Douglas and Wise. Mr. Floyd has thus far
tooil up as the special representative of mild
lensures towards these Democratic recusants, in
pposition to the more violent poliej- of Mr. Secetary
Cobb, between whom and Douglas thero
id not exist a very cordial feeling, even before
he hitter's break with the Administration. Cobb
las accordingly, from the start, desired to close
be door against the possible return of Douglas to
lie Democratic fold, in which desire Height's corlial
hatred of the Little Giant caused him most
icartily to sympathise. The^e gentlemen, in
act, along with Slidell and lit least two other
imminent Democratic Senators, wished verysummirily
to cut off both Douglas mid Wise, but
'loyd opposed it, and this brought down their
inutility upon himseli. No doubt the destruction
if Floyd's pretensions as a Presidential candidate
las also something to do with the eti'oitjffo break
lim down, since Mr. Cobb would Jiif/have got
id of three rivals in a very short space of time.
I'licdefect ion of Douglas afforded him and Rright
utt-iisc satisfaction, hihI Floyd is not to be illowed
eve n to sympathize with him, except in
Filihiixlrrism the Rood to Power.?The New Ormiiis
Bee denies that, we euit lie rightfully pet
town an a natiun of fillibllstors. " Ah a flov.-riunciit,
wo are anti-lilililist'-rish to the In?' 'lejree.
Kvery appeal to the Federal authority to
imitate the policy which has renilvreil l.ii^iimd
formidable, ami is enriching ami stl"eni;lnciiini?
I" ranee, falls still horn against its stolid via
iutrliuThis is too true. The worst of it is,
ive see no coming change in this do-nothing poliey.
Says our cotempornry:
'Situated, as wo are, in near proximity to
countries characterized 1?y salubrious uml delightful
climates, fertility of soil, splendid sen
ports, ami every possible advantage which nature
can bestow, it is amazing how wc have
thus far resisted the temptation to colonize and
annex. It. :s our firm conviction that had Great
Jiiit.iiu been placed in the same relations to Mexico,
Culm and Central America as the United
States, every one of these possessions would
have long pince contributed to swell tlio ai^i?rejrate
of Kn^li>h power. Yet we have respected
the. imbecile rule anil eflete nationality of all
"No doubt the period will arrive, in the full
iiv.-.i WI UIIIC, ? im;ii lilt: JUI^IM-OilXUII IIIIIHI Will
pervade Mini control the entire continent; but
Ilisit period might be hastened several generations
were our Government, discarding musty
traditions and obsolete axioms of political ethics,
boldly and liravely to inaugurate a system ol
e'lerjiy, independence, self-reliance and iudilTcrenec
to tlie clamors and complaints of distant
Thr Colf'tf Exhibition.?Last evening wni
tlie first of I Ik: spring exhibition of the Senioi
(/lass of (he South Carolina College. The enter'
taiiimcnt consisted of addrvsses hy four young
gentlemen of that cla&i, with music by Ilrissen
The opening address was l>y Mr. IF. Bird, o
Kdgctield. The subject selected was "Patriot
ism." lie enlarged on the importance of thi:
noble sentiment of self-sacrifice lo the cnmmoi
good, scorned the sordid and sellish view whicl
opposed patriotism, lie reviewed very li:i|>iI^
the striking illustrations of patriotism that his
lory ulFords, from JLconidas down lo our Wash
The next address, hy H II. r>nist, of Charles
ton, trealed of "The Utility of Classical I.earn
ing." lie began l>y expressing apprehensions <1
the reckless spirit of innovation which respecte<
nothing hallowed i>v the recognition and appro
val of ages before it had Jilisseil through the cru
oible of utilitarianism. Tlie iiti bono lost he np
plied to classical learning, and upon the chose
ground of the utililatiau, defended it with mile!
ability and skill.
Mr. C. M. Creswell, of Abbeville, next dis
coursed on "The l'rico of Excellence." It wa
an address admirable in its scope, and should b
remembered by every student. Indomitable per
severance is certainly the price of excellence; h
is little versed in the economies of true and last
ing frame who expects to purchase it at any othe
Mr. T. F. Gadsden, of Charleston, conclu^-i
the evening's entertainment, by an address set
ting forth the practical importance of the "Cons
Survey"?demonstrating it in connection wit
commerce, science, and imtionnl defence?Soul
Carolinian, May 1th.
Governor Walker, in his recent teller lo Mcssr
Cox ami Lawrence, said (lie conference bill,, t
interpreted by hint, was in precise cnnformit
with bis views and courso not only in Kmis;
but since bis return, and in following tin* |>at
where his duty and bis conscience bade bini, li
must support it. "It,'' he adds, "lli.: odious Fa
comptou constitution, born in fraud and baptize
in perjury, will be defeated by an overwhelms
vnte of the people of Kansas, tlitts dciuoiiMlratiii
by u practical result the truth of my interpret;
lion that this bill does in fact submit the constiti
lion to popular *uH*iage for ratification or r?je<
lion which is all 1 have required. With such
decision of the people under it, no formidable o
fort will ever bo again made to withhold froi
the pcnplo of inchoatu States a vote for or again!
ratification or rejection of their Slate constimtioi
and the oligarchic doctrine of constitutional go
ereignty will he ubandonod.? Co
\r v /,7
Commenting on the English Kansas Bill, tli
Fredericksburg (Icrsiid Hays:
"In empowering the people to vote wlieitu
tliey will come into the Union mirier a eonstili
tion which gives ihem Imt four million acres <
land, (when Calhoun's Lecoiuptnn concern gw
them twenty millions of acres,) or stay out of tl
Union until she ean count ninety-lhreo thousai
citizens within her limits, looks, wo think,
thotigli the bribe is on the side of rejecting tl
constitution, ami that u large premium is offer'
thein for excluding slavery anil slnvehfi'der
Who that looks at the difference in the qiianti
of Ininl secured to the now State under the tv
constitutions, can doubt this?
We learn from the St. Louis Republican, of tl
1st iust., that Cm pi* Marsh, in command of il
Steamer O~oan Spray, at the time that vess
was riestr ed by fire, last week t!)e seeond en|
neer and the mate of that vessel, aro now uud
arrest on a charge of manslaughter. On tl
complaint of Maj. Bryant, United States Mi
elial for the St. Louis district, a warrant was i
sued, and all three of these officers arrested.
Jules Gerard, the great lion killer, has just l<
Paris on a lion hunting excursion with a compai
r?f flitocinn nnfilotnan Tlmir n rn m>Sn<* .. <
mountains of Africa.
j Abbeville C. II., S. C., May 12, 1858.
Cotton?Very little offering. We quote 10
11? cents ft>.
Columbia, S. C., May 11.
Cotton.?The cotton market wHs bo neai
, brought to a aland, yesterday, it in impossible
. us to say what tlir article is acluully worth, a
therefore we deem it beet to omit quotations al
. geihar for the present. ?
Charleston, May 10.
Cotton.??lale8 of cotton to-day 1,100?mar]
1 LIST OF OOtf 8IGNSKS,
- Remaining in the Depot at Abbeville, for
week ending May 13, 1868.
i G B Clinkscales, A G Clinkscales, H S K?
' JAR-! White. Jns A Norwood, Hon T C Peri
J M Ferrin, II S Cason, J S Reid, R B Lyons,
W Belcher, 8?o., Col J F Marshall, Taggert, 1
Caslin & Co., Dr R Henry Beard, Capt J T Bari
r Lf>e A Wilson, Gen ti McGowan, G W Burton
I J Jordan, W-A & R E Gaines, VV M Hngliny
, C Stephens, Wier & Lythgoe, A Giles, Esq., f
\ Mary McDonald. J II Wil lKon,LII Lomax, G
, '& RoborUoD, Dr J W W Marshall.
P. R. SONDLEY, Ag'
Of a few leading Arliclci in the Markets oj
Charleston, Augusta, Columbia and Abbeville.
C O R R ICTKI) WKKKLT.
BACON?Rides 10J (g> 11
Shoulders 8J (a) 8}
Hams 10 @ 14}
LAItl) 12) (a) 13
SALT .60 @70
COFFEE?ltiu .'....".'..11 @ 12
M Af ? ICHll HI v~"" > S
BUTTER?Goshen, prime. 23 w2<
CilKKSK?Northern ? (?)?'
NAGGING? Gunny 13 (a> 14
ROPE 8 @11
SUGAR?Orleans 7 (?} 7^
Cubii 6J M 7
MOLASSES?Orleans 37 (<j? 41
Cuba 24 (tft 24$
NAILS (u) 3J
I IKON ? (n> ?
LIME _ (SLUICE?Prime
3J <& 3|
BACON?Hog round 10 @ 10J
Hams 10 @11
Sliouldera @ ?
Clear Sides 11 J @ 112
COFFEE?Kio 11 @ 12 j
Java ? @20
FLOCK?Extra 5.25 @5.50
MACKEREL No. 2 firstname.lastname@example.org
TRAIN OIL 75 @1.00
RAGGING?Gunny 15 @17
ROPE 8 @10
SUGAR?New Orleans 7J @ 9
Muscovado ?@ ?
Refined II 10J @12}
SALT 85 @100
English 8J @ 4$
HICK 41 @ 5
BACON?Sides 11 @12
.Shoulders 1) @ 10
Hums 10 @ 15
LARD.. 11 @12
FLOUR?Common 4.60 @5.25
Extra 5.50 @5.75
fOW PKAS 1.00 @1.05
CORN 70 @ 75
CORN, bushed, 60 @ 60
FLOUR, t' K> @ 3
HACON, bog round, lb 12 @ 13
BUTTE U, *[? Hi 12* @ 15
SALT, Liverpool, 35? sack, ?2 00 @2 *26
COFFEK, Kio, "tfl lb 12* @ 14
SYRUP, ^vl gallon 55 @ 60
MOLASSES, (N. 0.)^J gallon,...66 @ 60
(W. 1.)^ gallon 40 @ 46
SUGAR, powdered, ll> 14 @ 16
" brown, 9 @ 11
RICE, f} lb 6 @ 6*
BAGGING. Gunny, yurd 18 @ 19
BALE ROPE, lb 12* @ 13
IRON, Sw?;cd, common ?iies, ^ lb B @ 6*
44 44 5 to 7 incites, lb..6 @ 7
' ' English. "}>} lb 6 @ 6i^
r 44 Bands, lb 8 @ 10
NAILS, .(tllb 51 @ 6 .
L OIL, Linseed, ^ gallon $135 @150
44 Train, r# gallon 00 @1 00
WHISKEY, }'.? gallon 75 @2 00
WEE ED'S PATENT SEWING MACHINE.
This is the most reliable Sewing Mnchine ever
> < lire red in this market, holli in the quality of it*
work, its durability and simplicity. '1'hc operar
lion of it is easier learned than that of any other
Machine while it. wurka with case 011 the finest
silk or the heaviest cloth or leather, on either of
which it works in u very superior manner; to*
king a straight evenly laid seam much finer than
ordinary lift'id work, while both sides of the cloth
are stitched alike. It rarely gets out of working
order or requires repairing, and is so simple that
nn operator can perforin all ordinary repairs on
it, until it is worn out. With these advantages
over other Machines, wc feel confident Weed's
' Patent Sewing Machines will heat meet the
. wants of fan/dies, alt kinilB of Manufacturing
Clothiers, Tailors, Hoots and Shoo Makers, or
any others requiring a seam in their work
Harness and Saddle Manufacturers will find
this a Machine that will do their wo;k in
, rapid ami substantial manner, and much nicer
'' than the ordinary way. Fnmilits who requiremuch
sewing will find this Machine peculiarity
adapted to their wants, besides saving labor
enough in a few months to pay for it. Tailora
will find a grent saving by using this Setting Machine.
besides being always sure of n superior qmtl
ity of work that does not rip, and that looks much
nicer than hand work.
r WHITNEY & LYON. Pronrietow.
j 245 Broadway, New York.
Sold by Branch <fc Ai.le.n, Abbeville, and by
' G. M. Johnson Columbia.
Feb. 25 58 44 3m.
TO PROPRIETORS, ARCHITECTS AND
,8S JTOHLW CORBBTT,
I PRACTICAL HOUSE PAINTER,
li 0UI,1) inform the inhabitants of Abbeie
w V ville, nnd the public jrenerallv, that h?
i- Ii;is permanent!) located at Abbeville C. H., for
<1 the purpose of pursuing his profession. From a
ijr long experience in Europe, and many of (he
jj principal Towns of America, combined with n
?. steady attention to business, he flatters himself
i- that ho will he able to jjivo entire satis'action to
all who wish to have i^ooil House 1'uinting done,
n nud will favor hi in with their orders, lie feels
f- himself competent to finish ull
" Graining, Marbling, Paper Hanging*, &c.
'l JIis experience and skill in hia profession will en'
able him to complete all work in his line at very
Chuches, I lulls, Staircase Walls, Mantle Pieces
Ac , finished in imitation of Muible. Room*
Papered, Paneled with Oak Piiper, and varnished
ie in the best style.
1I? J- -II -u ?J -
. ..v .* I'oaiiv an UIU uiiu new WOTK,
sr j and Tin Hoofs, outside. Also, inside or outside
i* of Hough casted Walls of private or public buildof
| intra in imitation of uny color of stone, at one
>'e third of the cost usually charged, l?y substituting
>e u composition of his own which has been fully
id tested, and will stund good for years. Window
its Sashes of private and public buildings glazed at
ib moderate priccs.
d He will also keep on hand and for sale nil kinds
?! of Mixed Paints in quantities to suit purchasers,
tv And also, n great variety of paper suitable for
vo | 15ed Ho ins, Dining, mid Drawing Rooms. He
will paint Mgns on glnss or wood, at short no- ?
?37" Office in the Wooden Building adjoining
',0 tho Marshall House.
'?e May 12, 1858. 3 ly
;i- 3XT o 11 o e .
er p Y VIRTUE of sudry Fi Fa to me directed,
he I M I will sell between the hours of 12 and
ir- 1 o'clock, on Sale-Day next, 1 House and Lot,
is- containing live acres, more or less, in the village
of Abbeville, hounded by lands of Q. W.Syphan,
Mrs. Catharine Allston and G. A C. Rail Road,
levied on as the property of T. R. Cochran, at
'ft the suit of A. P Conner, vt. T. R. Cocliran, and
"y Mary L., bis wife.
',e Terms of Sale CASH.
M. L. EDWARDS,
? Deputy Corontr.
Abbeville; C. II.,?
_ May 11, 1858. \ 3 ted
1'iess copy 3 times.
? 10,000 lbs. Bacon Sides.
TTllCT ?-1 ' ? * - - "
? i/o? ictcivcu. ana tor saie tor Uuh, by the
APPLETON & R. M. PERRIMAN. '
JJJ New Market, 3. 0., May 10,1868.i It
A FEW Barrels of a very superior article ol
Old Fatuity Rye whiskey, for sale *t mode<
rate prices, by H. S. KERR.
<et May 6, 3 ' 2t
-? Brandy. _f
ONE QUARTER Cask French Bread*, aa
good as can be got, at aa low a price' aa
can be afforded, for sale by II. S. KERR.
May 6, 2 ' SI
>er, Sperm and Adamantine Candles.
r'w 19 BOXES pure Sperm Candles ;
, 16 40 boxes best Adamantine Candles, forest*,
^c" very low for cash, by H. S. KERR,
"ft May 5, * 2 3t
1 j . A'"? - *
r?v G)F\ QUARTER Boxes Bunch Raisins, for set*
' Ot) 16w, by * If. S. HJERtL
, May 5, 2 9*