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?Z75^^=5=a3fclRA(TY OF TREA80N
THE ABOLTION JATIONR AND THV.TR
inpt at treason to the const itutini
But onejn j8 recorded in the history of ?>u
""" '"?.ltd with that tlie nnmo of Aaron Uuri
countrjj j? imjjgeolubla infamy. The revela
'? 'Yhat are now bring made in regard tc
Brown's attempt at Harper's Ferry clearl]
tow that for several years past there has ex
iitrd a deep and widely spread conspiracy o
trennon, with object* so perverne that the traitoi
plans of Burr aro thrown far behind in th<
.paths of iniquity. Bitfr was never accused o
?ny deeper trcostfn than a design to separate tin
thinly populated States of the south-west fron
the new-born Union, in order to form with then
and the Spanish tlominionn in Mexico a con
federation, of which he should be the head
Yet the mild treasou of Burr filled the country
Willi Iionur, auu uiouo iiih imuio lllinmous U
For fifty years his example stood alone in thi
?nnals of the republic. Now it iB becominj
Jiiiowii that for two or threo years there hw
rxiiitrd, with ramifications from the waters o
the Kennebec to tho?e of the fur Missouri, i
conspiracy whose treasonable designs are no
simply the secession of a few thinly settlei
Slates, but which aim to involve the whole Un
ion in one brutal and bloody conflict. No po
1 ideal separation, but social destruction is tliei
object. Fifteen States are to be swept over bj
four millions of ignorant and infuriated slaves
inflamed, armed, and led on by pious ruffians froir
the North. Since the year 1856 closed on the bor
derforaysof Kansas,this treasonable abolition con
piracy has been preparing its plans, enlisting iti
members, gathering its means, and seeking sytn
pathy, counsel and aid. The plans, so fur ai
tlicy have been revealed, are of the most bloody
and revolting character; the traitors cinbraci
many in every rank iu the social scale; th<
means h&ve been widely and largely gathered
and counsel and sympathy have been obtainec
even from men representing sovereign States ii
the highest counsel of the Union, which thej
The correspondence of Colonel Forbes, whicl
we published yesterdeay, reveals the plans, ant
in patt the aims of the treason, and many name
of persons who havo for many years puBt beer
?iding, counselling and contributing to the ef
/oris of the nctive traitors. Brow'n bloody plain
are exposed iu detail, and (lie names of persons
given who took parts in them, from n simph
knowledge of the conspiracy lo active pariici.
.panoy in it The law wisely and justly brandi
with equal guilt the accessory before the act ant
"the actors in the crime. And in the firs
category we find the names of Senator Sew
ard, of New York, Senators Wilson and Sum
tier, of Massachusetts; SeiiHior llale and ex
Governor Fletcher, of New Hampshire ; Gover
nor Chase, of Ohio; Hon. Gerrit Smith, ex
member of Congress; Itev. Joshua Lcavitt, o
New York; Horace Greelj* of the Tribune, Mr
Lawrence,a prominent merchant, and Dr. Howe
a physician of high standing in Boston; Dr
Bailey, late of the Washington Era; Dr. Jesst
Bnwen, of Iowa city, and F. U. Sanborn, r
graduate of Harvard, and now a loading teachei
in Massachusetts. This is no list of low born
ignorant and dexpiaed traitors to the Union ar.C
its States. It is no concoction of locnl dis.ifFec
lion. It shows that the treason had infested al
classes, from the desperate adventurer to the occupant
of the Senatorial hall.
And yet the revelations in regard to this wide
pread treason have onlyjust begun. More wii
come out from day to day, till the entire exten
of the conspiracy is before the people. Ilnruci
Greely may pooh, pooh, at it; Wm. C. Bryan
may joke at it; and Senator WiUon may en
duavor to laugh it down as nothing but a filli
busier attempt; but reason caunot be pool
poohed away, nor joked down, nor warded of
by barren and inappropriate comparisons. If i
could be, it becomes every patriot to reflect se
riouslv UDOn tha state of ihiiiim wliirli anoh
fact would prove to exist in the land. Il is ol
very well for unearthed traitors to try to laugl
at their own discovery, and to brave the frowi
of an injured country ; but every sentiment o
honor, every impulne of patriotism, will turi
wilh scorn upon the infamous promoters of civi
atnfe and the destruction of the Uniou in fin
and blood. If it does not?if a treason worse
far worse than Burr's merits to-day toleralioi
from the American people?we shall tremble fo
our country. What was condemned us infa
mous by our fathers, and is tolerated to-day
will soon be applauded in the midst of disun
ion, servile war aud fraternal gore.?N. J
Political Excitement on the Rise.?There ar
now some three or four State elections unde
way, vix: in New York, New Jersey, Massa
chusetts, and iu some of the western States
and a great political excitement is attending then
everywhere in consequence of the attempted re
bellion at Harper'a Ferry. Galusha Grow, o
Pennsylvania; Tom Corwin, of Ohio, and Sena
tor Wilson, of Massachusetts, are prowling abou
this Slate looking after our State election. Thi
present poliical activity is due entirely to the liar
per's Ferry conspiracy, and that event will certain
ly give a new complexion to all the coming elec
There is no doubt that both the niggcr-wor
shippers of tha North and die nigger-drivers o
the South got up the fights in Kausas, and com
tnitted many lawlei? acts?probably we re guilt;
ol treason?but in the confusion and violence o
the hour it did not receive the legal attention o
the government or the country at large. Th<
Harper's Ferry rebellion is but a second ediiioi
n f tit A IfanaoQ aflTuir ?
? . w..w m.1uh) mm uubii mc hid i cuuii* u
the repeal of the Missouri compromise.
The unfortunate men who took up arms a
Harper's Ferry were unquestionably spirited 01
by Seward, Wilson aud other republican leaders
aud these gentlemen are, by this atrocious out
rage, placed on the defensive. They stand be
fore the public responsible for the conspiracy am
the bloodshed in which it resulted?practice
traitors and conspirators against the peace o
the Union. The extraordinary political activit;
observable at the present tune has been brough
bout by the discovery that leading Senator!
Congressmen, Governors and ex-Governore o
Stales were cognisant of this first notable con
piracy against the government, if not direct aid
ers and abettors of it, and hence the flutterin]
in the dovecotes of the republican parly. Th
Harper's Ferry rebellion is but the practical ia
sue of all the nnti-slovery agitation, which i
nothing better than an anti-Union crusade, an
the effectof it will be most marked on all th
pending Stale elections, and still more so o
<lie Presidential coutest of next year.?New Yor
Gov. Willard and Cook.?A correspondent <
the BaltimoreSuu, writing from Charlestown, o
Gov. Willard, of Indians, visited his brother
in law, Cook, yesterday, in jail, in company wit
Senator Mason. Mr. Maton proposed to th
Governor to retire wheu the latter ana
r*w'- petting tliat he would probably prefer tliat hi
interview hould bo private, and also for th
reason that anything Cook might any he shout
feel bound to testify to if called upon aa a wil
pew. Gov. Willard very promptly replied tlia
be himself would be a witness in court to an
fccts Cook might communicate, and insisted the
Mr. Mason should be present. Gov. Willar
urged Cook to make a full confession of all h
k&ew conaeoted with (he affair at Harper's Jfei
ry, in order to exonerate those who were inno
sent, and to punish thuse who were implicated
M the only atonement he could now make. Cool
4%aifled his willingness lo do so, and he wil
probably make a written confession. He tol
Cook that be had nothing to hope for but death
Gov. Willard states thai his family had lost sigh
of Cook fur several years, and supposed he wa
dead, until upon reading his name in the papers, h
determined to visit Cnarlestown to ascertain i
he waskls relative. Mrs. Willard, he staUs, i
is great distress at the conduct of her brothei
Sine fmtviration in Bottom?When Omi
eral Oigtyal in wmmind of the British troop
r, >o Mauachusette,'before the Revolution, titer
. t?i au nU tempt made fay voo of th? Englisl
Stlietf to exoiU the lb# nave* in Do#ton again*
tlartir master* The offender *a? Captain Johi
Wilson, of the 5Mb regiment. He assured tjb
aUjre* that ihe, (omUtk troop* had come to pro
core, thetjr freedom, and thai; " with their *m!i
taMe^tjUgi ahoofd be able -io drive the Libert]
fteya U.l*?e DetiL" In (felobet. :768, the so
^ ^d "h"*^* *
" iv. C. DAVIS, Editor.
^ Thursday Morning, Nov. 10, 1859.
' We 'invito attention to the sales advertised 1
tlio Commissioner for sale on Sale-Day in Decei
f ber next. Also, eeo notico of A. Simkins, ai
^ tboso of Wm. Sueap, Augusta, Ga., Jas. Gi
, KAKti HSKV, (YM. U. MOBKItTSON, J. .
3 Wilson, Joseph T. Moore, Ja.mf.s II. Wiu
> man, James Irwin, J. A. Wier, sale of Sava
1 nali Ilivcr Lands. Also, the noticc of sale 1
Mrs. Sarah Brady.
[ SESSION PAPER.
The proprietors of the Columbia papers?Ct
3 olinian and Guardian?announce ill (it tli
* will furnish their papers during the session
f the Legislature for our dollar.
I Died in this village on (lie 3d inst., at ti
" residence of Ed\vaiu> Wkstfif.f.i?, after a lingc
r ing illness, Mrs. Lecrf.tia Devlin, consort
r Dr. Roiif.Rt Devlin. This much respected la>
? leaves a lnisband and many friends in deep sa
1 ness and sorrow at her death.
HIGH PRICES OF NEGROES.
At the sale, F. I*. Rodf.rtkon. Auctioneer,
j the estalo of Chari.ks Dkndt, dee'd?of whi<
r wo are only able to report the first day's o
5 erations?41 Negroes were sold (among who
were 12 children at tho breast, nnd three o
1 women, averaging CO yearn ol ?ge,) ot the r
? touishing average of ?1)28 00. Mules uverag
' ?162.00- The terms of this sble wero oi
, year's credit, wiih interest from date.
\ MERCHANTS' HOTEL, CHARLESTON.
1 This old and favorably known Hotel, kept I
* Mr. J. B. Nixon, has been recently tlioromrli
? repaired and refurnished. Our friends visit.ii
, Charleston during Iho Institute Fair, wliii
. takes place next week, will find Ihu Merchant
* we doubt not, a pleasant, and njjrreahle slo
[ ping place. Mr. Nixon in determined that not
. ing fhail he wanting to render his guests cor
fortuble. Give the Merchants' a trial.
The Target Match and Drill of the Abhevil
Light Infantry came off on Saturday last. Tl
first Trize was a Silver Goblcl, offered by Lie*
. II. W. Lawson ; the second a French Tin 6'?
by tlie same. The first Prize was borne off 1
x private P. N. Wilson ; the second by priva
, Wm. C. Penny.
I Wc arc pleased to see that this Company, und
j the command of Capt. James C. Calhoun,
. steadily gaining members.
I Wo notice that the new Episcopal char
1 which is in progress of construction, under t
* management of Mr. Dlkase, contractor, is 1
. ginning to arsume that Bhape and form wliii
ihadowB forth to the casual observer some id
1 of the thing it is to be. Tlie Brickmusonry
( now nearly complete. This when fiuiuhed w
. be an imposing structure.
1 The Drick Range of R. J. White, on the I
' formerly o( Mrs. Jane L. Allen, is progressing
| completion, and adds very much to the appoi
f unce of the public square.
\ SPOILNQ A PRINTING OFFICE.
b The citizens of Newport, Ky., recontly lie
> a meeting, and upon consultation came to t
r conclusion that the Free South, a paper ui><3
the Editorial churge of one Mr. Bailt, was i
condiary in iia character, holding opinions whi
* were inimical to the pcacc and order of a slu
holding community. A committee was Appoint
to abate it as a nuieanc. In obedience to t
a mandates of the Law of nelf-preservation, th
r accordingl}' removed the type and fixtures of t
office, and resolved that its publication slioi
! not be conliued any longer upon the soil of K?
THE INSTITUTE FAIR.
t Wc have been informed by the Agent
B our Depot, Mr. D. It. Sondlet, that he F,
instructions from the Superintendent of t
Greenville & Columbia Railroad, to say to t
public who may desire to attend the Insliti
* Fair to be held in Oh?rl-oi?n j..-:.? -
. .?wi.vu uuilll? iJt
| week, (hat the; will be passed over that Ro
f for one fare.
f Tho Tickets will hold good till Monday, t
^ 21st inst. *
1 The Fair commcuces on the 15th, Tuesd
< ?> ^
t THE GREAT EASTERN.
\ The movements of this great sen palaco li
' for some time attracted public attention. It
. now stated that the darnHgo done to her inachii
i ry by her recent explosion has been repair<
' Bud that she will probably sail for Portland, M
^ about the 24th of this month. IIer trial trip li
I inspired the owners with confidence that s
i, is a mechanical success. Iler greatest spe
f was 17 miles per hour. Iler consumption
] coal will be about 300 tons per day. An Ame
g can Engineer who was on board during b
e trial trip, thinks that she cannot be advantaf:
'* ously employed for transatlantic service, I
H thut she is adapted to the long Australian vo
c age, for which she was intended.
fc ELECTION RIOTS.
It is with regret that we refer to the Electi
Riots in Baltimore. Many of its peaceful a
u quiet citizens brutally beaten, and several
them were murdered, during the progress
'* the Eleotion. This is not the first time tli
g simolar scenes have been enacted in this cil
.. Baltimore has become famous, or rather a
is might say in/amotu, in consequence of li
" bloody enactments upon her election days.
This frand and violence in elections may
I regarded by (lie unthoughtful as of but lit
y consequence, but in oar estimation it is an e
1 omen, shadowing forth the existence of tli
^ lawless spirit which unchecked must inevital
shake the very frumo work of our gover
I, Free suffrage is the inalienable birthright
^ every freeman, aid he who would usurp tl
'j right of others by bloody violence "is fit I
i. treasons, stratagems and spoils." Such an o
t should be drammed out of any comigtlni^y
8 a dangerooa enemy to lav and order?only
* for *' bloody villainy."
* THE8TATB FAIR.
' The State Agricultural Society holds its met
ing in (Jolumbia this week. Th* Carolinian
j Tuesday thnsrpeak* of it?
J? " Every deportment, from preeent appee
I nncea, will have a full and choice repiesen'.atR
fc Th* exhibit?? of blooded alock thlVaeawn w
1 b* very fin*. Anderson, Abbevilta/JVewben
' Spartanburg and Edgefield, have the larp
* number of high mettled cobreere. In grad?.*
* imate, uu<5l? as Devon*, Yorkshire*. and Du
' name. Union, Richland and Pickentt are larg
" Ij repreeented ; in abeep and swine, Newber
ReKena Ilia crowd* ..are still poarii
*- 5b, and thef* oaij be apareely a doubt th
* &r*ry ca4 will be accomodated, and the rest
? - tmWfiOHwttaift-Jth? Hunaii
( ? !?? the feaidflni
i. of Gerrtt S.Tiftb, teyl; ** 0? the ieo*ptfc
f ttw uewi fr*m|^?r's ferry, &potim
l tlai thk trWlacMM^nferwd with tb#.^*
I tinxHhyJwki^iwatwbaihe had-tatMrd
? H* adtMdhka^UWiM MB* e<rtuit?>y. R%m
if*- thai ttetritlp I* tUrft lot Canada."
i PRESS CONVENTION.
'* We have seen recent 13- u cull (wo do not now J
remember the source.) for a Convention of
? printers in this Stntc, for the purpose of mutiny
upon somo general B}'stcni of transacting (lie
~ business of journalism. Sucii, if it were practijy
cable, would bo a " consummation devoutly to
l)f M'Wifd." There are many abuses connected
1(| with the practical business department of
j journalism, which can never he remedied by the
jj, resolves and decrees of a l'ress Convention.
E_ They muet find tlicir remedy in the practical
intelligence of liitn tvlio is charged with the
responsible agency of conducting a public jour'
There is one practice if not dishonest, it is to
pay the least of it, ceusurable : Wo allude to
ir- the custom of charging higher for local adver
ey using, man lor i.iai which may lio callcd forof
eigu. Some establishments have two intes of
charges, ar,d will charge the higher ruto fur all
local sorvice. Self interest prompts in this as
I well U3 in most other things. They feel certnin
of the local patronage at regular rate?, but
for advertising outsido of the District, they will
underhid regular rates. In other words, they
* will taka the advertisement at just what they
can get for it, under the supposition (.hut the
price offered is u clear less to them if they t
decline it. It is sometimes the case that where 4
of a paper has a limited advertising putrouage,
cli the publisher may bo compelled to advertise
p. at half rates, ill order to get that amount of
in standing matter which he is compelled to keep.
Id In such a ease, the rates which might be eatabis.
lishod by the Convention would operate against
ed his interest, and when thU was so he would soon
uc reconcile to his conscience a violation of any
rule that might be established by it. We should
be pleased to 6ce more uniformity in news- I
paper charges, but have 110 hope that u Con- v
vcutiou would accomplish this obieet.
IV I . * e
We sometimes liuve complaints l>y persons, c
I however, outuido of our own District, tlial our a
, bills for the same service tire higher than '
' oilier jmiriml3. Our ouly reply to Mich com.
I plaints is tiuil wc have charged precisely what v
we charge our own neighbors ; that our bills t
arc made according to the uniform rulrs of
conducting our business. To liavo different
scales of charges adapted to the notions of t
lc different clusses of customers, to our mind, "
ic smacks of dishonest}*. We make it a rulo to
it. decline all advertising, the profered prico of ,j
p, which falls below our uniform charges. t
tc FURTHKR FROM BALTIMORE. "
We have the following additional items from |i
cr the Baltimore election on Wednesday : li
Baltimore, Nov. 2.? It became evident early 1
13 in th? day, that scenes of rioting and bloodshed n
would mark the election. At noon, the reports
from vnrioii9 wards showed that tho Reformers f<
stood no chance of securing an impartial vote. <i
cl( The 3d ward was blocked up by rowdies and b
|,e l'ie p?lice was inactive. ii
In tho loth ward, the rowdies compelled the 0
'e Reformer .Imltreof the election to leave the polls, n
ch and all the Reform voters were diivcn nway, a
ea beaten and otherwise maltreated. v
ja In the 15th wards, Adam D. Kyle,a merchant (
.. of Hunover street, was shot and killed, and Geo. n
Kyle, his brother, dangerously shot. c
In the 10th ward, the Reformers resisted witb fi
,ot fire-arms, and one of the notorious rowdy leaders
was killed and two others wounded. Two a
Reformers were wounded. s
lr" In the lGth ward, the Reformers wero driven u
In ihe 18th ward, the rowdies were in full pes- 0
session, nod one of tlie Refoimers was severely
j In the 5th ward, the Reformers were driven
ofF early. A son of Joshua Vausant wassevere*
'er ly beaten, Shots were fired, but with harmless
c), In the 1st, 2d and 4th wards rowdies had the
vo voting all to themselves.
In the 12ili w-ird, the rowdies liad a swivel,
ed and drovo off all the Reformer*. In this and
be the 15lli ward, gangs of rowdies from Washing*
ey ton, aided those of this city. In Ihe lust named
I ward a boy was mortally shot in the breast.
' These are only a portion of the incidents. In
'Id most of the ward", the reformers wero assaulted,
:n- beaten and maltreated.
Ia the 11th ward, a stronghold of the Reformers,
Gen. McGill, a prominent Reformer mude
a speech and announced the withdrawal of Mr.
0f John II. Thomas, Reform candidate for State
Attorney. The Reformers then oil withdrew,
,H8 finding it impossible to accomplish anything,
he Wm. 1\ Preston, Democratic candidate for
he Congress in the 8d district, is now lying at Barlto
num's Hotel, having been badly beaten with a
billy about the head. The a?3ault is said to have
occurred iu the 7tli ward.
jie Baltimore, Nov. 2.?9$ o'clock, P. II.?At 3
o'cWk, Dr. Robinson, of the Central Reform
Committee, came to the 12th ward poll, and anoy
nounced that the Reformers wero being driven
irom every ward except that and the 8tli, and
counselled those there to withdraw, to avoid further
bloodshed; whereupon. Dr. Tlfomas, He- i
n9 form Judge of election, retired, and the content f
was abandoned. Previously, the Reformers ^
18 throughout the city withdrew, leaving the polls 1
18- in the hands of the rowdies.
>Jl Numerous report* of minor outrages on private |
e right* of citizens are in circulation in the several (
188 Iu the 2*1 wnrd. a German was shot in the hip.
he In the fitli, a man whose name is unknown, was j
ed dreadfully beaten. ,
0f The most reliable account is, that Win, P. ?
Preston, candidate for Congress, was assaulted at r
ri Govanstown, in Raltimore county. One ucouut .
er says he was beaton by an Irishman. There are
re- so many report* that it is difficult to arrive at
(Ul the truth.
Mr. Kyle was shot in the head. lie was liv- J
y* ing an hour since, but in a helpless condition, j
oh the bull is burried in his brain.
The rtreets are nearly deserted to>night, ex- '
cept by the victorious party. All the stores were 1
on closed at dark.
od The proprietor of the Daily Exchange having J
uf been threatened with assault on his office, made .
a demand on the city authorities for protection. t
[third dispatch. 1 r
iat L J
Bai.timork, Nov. 2.?11 o'cloek, P. M.?The 1
Americans are rejoicing over their victory. 0
ne The Reformer* deny that anything like an c
ier election has taken place. v
All the offices being on the same ticket, it will H
be late before returns are received. fl
In the 17th ward, the average American vote 1
_ is 860 ; the highest Reform vote is 24.
vil Mr. Kyle died at 9 o'clock to night.
iat '??>. ? f
ily The Barque I^aureni?Six Hundred Slave* t
n. Landed in Cuba.?The New Iluven Palladium j
of last evening says:
Qf We learu that it i? stated on good authority, ^
in New London that the barune Laurens, whose 1
.u VI urllljj IllCHUeU IIS |? BlttVer |
'or our reader* will remember, has lauded a cargo .
lie of about GOO slaves on the Island of Cuba. The t
a# Captain and mate have been ?een iu New York g
for three or four daye past.
"l This intelligence comas through passengers on
a late California steamer which touched atHuv- ?
sua, and well informed persons have no doubt (
of iu substantial truth. Wo .never had the lead j
at- doubt from the evidence cifeii in the trial here, ^
0f that the Laurens was intended as a slaver, and j
we know that peoplo were very generally m- ?
tonishcd tltat Judge Ingersoll should have ar? J
ir- tived at a decision *> contrary to the belief of ,
ik almost every man who beard the evidence*?- 0
Hi Whether the above report is true or not, we *
y, thiuk ii more than probable that the Laurens (|
MjL.hss, ere this, been employed iu that nefarious
n- trofflo, the revival <>f which seems to be tbo.
r- chief object of the modern Democracy.?N. Y, J
e- Timet. ^
J* Old Brovitt* Birthplace.?The Litch6eld
. (Cono^fenquirer says khst eld Brown, the hdro
of f&rpMrU Ferry, wm a .native.of Torringtoo, n
|n ijtaalCounty, " where'^record of his birth k *
foonqiD the Town Reglstet, shbwingjjim.fco be a
>n abonfc <rtKty-tbj(?^yea r? of age, aeji e nayj^tl e k tl
dc d?M hemaa ? hoy of flue pmciptoa,' hntttfciin m
HARPER S FERRY LNSUR0ENT8.
Vrinl of t'npprc?Sentence of I)cuth Passed on
Jlroirn?His Speech to the Court.
CiiAtu.Ksrovrx, Nov. 2<1.?Messrs. Ru.ssel and
Jennet, I torn Itostou, readied here to day to act
is routine! for I lie prifoners.
Captain Cook was brought before the nmgisrates'
court to-day. waived an examination, and
vas committed for trial.
Coppee'a triiil wu? resumed, but no witnesses
vcre called for tbo defence.
Mr. Harding opened for the commonwealth,
ind Messrs. Iloyt and Griswold followed for
he defendant, when Mr. Hunter closed for the
>rosccution. The speeches of all wcro marked
>y ability. Mr. Griswold asked for several in
mictions to thejury, which were all granted by
lie court, when the jury rotircd.
Cnpt. Brown was thou brought iti and the
:ourt house wio immediately thronged. The
lourt gave its decision an the motion for an ureal
of judgment, overruling t lie objections matte. (
n regard to the objection that treason cannot
10 committed against the State, the court ruled
bat wherever allegiance is due treason may l>o
oiumitu-d. Most of theStatob have passed laws
gainst treason. The objection as to the form of
be verdict rendered the court also regarded as
Thu elerk now asked the prisoner if he hail
iiything to sny why sentence should not bo pro- |
ouncod against him. (
Brown stood up, and lit n clear, distinct voice, (
aid: "I have, may it please the court, a few
rords to say. Ill the first place, I deny everylling
but what 1 have nil along admitted, of a
lesign on my part to free the fIuvcs. 1 intendd
certainly to have a clean thing of that mat- ^
or, at) I did last winter when I went into Mianun
and there took slaves without the snapping j
f a gun on either side, moved them through the
ottntry and finally loft them in Canada. I deigned
to have done the same thing on a lnrger
cule. That was all I intended. I never did
ntcud murder, treason, or tho destruction of
iroperty; or to inaite slaves to rebellion or to
"I have another objection, and that is, it is
njust that 1 should etifl'er such a penalty. Hod
interferrcd in the manner which I admit, nuil
i'hieh 1 nilmil has been fairly proved?(for I
dinire the truthfulness and candor of tho greati
portion of the witnesses who testified in this
ase)?hud I so intc-rferred in behalf of the rich
nd powerful, the intelligent, the so called great,
r in behalf of 11113* of their friends, either fatlir
or mother, brothel* or sister, wife or children,
,. ?r ?t...? ..!? 1 - 1 - J- > I
. v. umv iiuu suiiviiu iiiki Micnrict'd
rhat ( linvc in this interference, it would have
>een all rij/lit, ttnd every mini in litis court would
inve dciiiinl it mi act worthy of rewttid rathr
"Tina cor.ri acknowledges. tooj as T suppose,
lie validity of the law of (Jod. I Pee n hook
issed here whi<h I suppose to he the Bible, or
.1 least tl?? New Testament. That teaches me
hat all tliin?s whatsoever I would iiieu should
o to mc, 1 should do even so to them. It
parlies me, further, to remember them that are
ii bonds as bound with I hem. I iudcavorcd to
el up to these iiiMructions. I say I am yet too
oiinir to understand thai (Jnd is uny resppctor ot
lersons, I believe that to have inlerferred as I
lave done, and as I have always freely admitted
huve done, in behalf of llis despised poor, was
" Now if it is deemed necessary that I should
nrfeit my life for the furtherance of the ends
f justice, and mingle rnv blood further with the
lood or in}- children, and with the blood of the
itillions iu this slave country, whos?> rights ore
lisregarded by wicked, cruel and unjust enactTeiils,
1 Hiibmit. So let it be done I Let me
ay one word further. I feel entirely satisfied
nth the treatment I have received on my trial,
"oiuideriiig all the circumstances, it has been
uore generous than I expected; but I feel no
onscioiisuess of guilt. 1 have slated from the
irst what was my intention, and what was not.
i .....r-. i.-j - -
..w.vi imti mij uuni^ against 111c lite or
iuy person, nor any disposition to commit treaoii,
or excite the slaves to rebel, or innke nny
eneral iiiHurfcction. I never encouraged any
nan to do bo, but always discouraged any idea
if that kinil. Let mc nay, also, in regard to
lie statement made by some of those connected
viih me. I fear it has been stated by some of
hem that I have induced lliein to join me.?
Jut the contrary is true. I do not say this to
njure them but as resetting their wcakednoes.
I'lierc is not one of them but joined me of bis
>wn accord, and the greater part at their own
xpensc. A number of them I never saw, and
lever hail a word of conversation till the day
bey came to nie, anil that was for the purpose
have stated. Koff, I have done!"
While Hrown was speaking perfect quiet prerailcd.
When lie had ftuished the coutt pro:eedcd
to pronounce sentence.
After some preliminary remarks, in \rhich the
udge said that no reasonable doubt conld exist
is to the prisoner's guilt, the court sentenced him
to be bung in public on Friday, December 2d.'*
ictcivou cue sentence with composure,
ind the only demonstration made was a clapiing
of hands by one man iu the crowd, who is
lot n resident of Jefferson county. This iudcjorum
was promptly suppressed, and much rejret
was expressed by citizens at its occurrenceAfter
being out an hour the jury carne in with
t verdict thatCnppee was guilt}* on all the counts
j the indictment. His counsel immediately gnve
jotice of a motion for an arrest of judgment, as
n Brown's case. The court then adjourned.
Charles town, Nov. 3.?Brown's counsel will
:arry his case to ?hc Court of Appeals on a bill
Japan.?We are gratified toletrn that the
VmericHii flag is beginning to nppreciate, and
ilready enjoys in so large a degree as to take
is quite by surprise, tlio incalculable advantages
vhicli the opening oi Japan to foreign commerce
s destined to besiow, as well upon the empire
>f Japan itself as upon those nations that may
:nga<;e in the excessive and valuable trade which,
he natural and manufacturing resources of thai
iountry arc ?o capaple of supporting. During
he brief period of three months, endiug on the
10th of last June, there entered the port of IIu
todadi not leas than thirty United States vessels,
neasuring an aggregate of ten thousand nine
ntndred and five tons, o( which twenty-eight
vere whalers laden, or partly ladcu, with cargos
if oil, bone, whaling materials, Ac. They did
mt land any considerable cargos, having called
or supplies, provisions and recruits, and, per*
lap*, in some instances, for the purpose of gain
ng practical information in regard to the require*
nents and peculiarities of the Japanese markets.
Uter remaining in port two or three weeks they
igain put to sea, mot-t of tkem bound on a whaing
cruise in the OclioUk sea. Two of the thiry
vessels that entsred?one a barque from Bos.
on, owned by H. A. Pierce, of that city, measiring
275 tons; the other a schooner from San
'Vuncisco, owned by K. Turner, of that place,
if 131 tons, mid both laden with general merhandise?cleared
for the Araoor river, along
vhich American enterprise, aided by the liberal
ind enlightened policy of Russia, is already
ichieving great commercial triumphs.? Constitutor.
m ? ...Speech
of Mr. Oidding* on tht Harper Fery
Affair.?Philadelphia, Oct. 28.? Hon. J. R.
idmngs delivered an address this evening for
he purpose of explaining what he knew nbout
irown. lie said he invited Brown to Jefferson
bounty, Ohio, where be delivered a lecture on
lunduy, after church, telling his trials in Kanas.
After the lecture Mr. Giddings prompted
he audience to contribute relief to Drown. Aferwarda
Brown took tea at hisreiddence, where
lie V hid A AAnv^rtafiftn
ni<l lie intended to vttit tbe slave States to free
laves, Mr. .Uiddiuft* inferred he would, if op?
ortnuity offered, mainly 'from Iris having done
o in Missouri. These were the only times Mr* 4
J id dings saw Drowh, and he asserts that neither
ii his lecture, or ib conversation, did Brown eay
ie had associate*. Kb mention was made of
Iarper's Ferry or Virginia organization, or n
fovisionat government. He*feckoowTedgescqn>
ribnting three dollars to*Brown'? son, tow^lH*
lie neceMities'ofvhia-falliilr. After, rescue
f Day from the fcldttippera, a matter la which <
Ir. Giddiugs acknowledges taking strong in*
-rest, in bestfowiugvthia gratuity lie bad little
lea that it was to be used in fitting out an ?x- '1
edition for til* captnre of Harper's Ferry, to
fleet a conquest of tbe Old pominioiv to strike j
rror to the executive, ol- imperiii^the Gojrern>ent.
? ' '
u ' ' ****-?** * % A
much-vaunted hair mix tares are *
ot only Usefess, bat positively injurious t*Uhe
j*lp: bu't-Prof. Woodl' is of such a balmy and
ntnUve nature, th?t it invigorates the ?klu ?f i
ie head utfd th* foUicIs* or him gtftrf* beneath ,
; It ?Im r^ovrt^U dnndrv^Vom thk \
Another Expedition to the Arctic Iicgums.?
Tho Uritish journals nre urging again tlic importance
of tending out another expedition to I lie
Arctic regions, with the hope of finding some of
tho survivors of the lost explorer, Sir John
Franklin. Two millions of dollars have already
been expended in making searches, and il is "a 1
strong evidence of the generous feelings inspiring
the people of Knglund, when they contemplate
to nitike another effort to rescue any persons
who may have survived tho pnrions now
known to have peri-lied in their efforts to add to
our treasures of geographical science. It is pos
sihle that ninid Hie frozen snows of the North,
some band of struggling adventurers may yet he
hoping that the bright world beyond them is not
unmindful of the possibility of their existence,
and thus that they keep their hearty warm with
the nntieipntions of some da} returning to the
regions of civilized life. A summer land search
up Gr??at Fish ltiver has lirai proposed uh one
that would be devoid of dancer, and less exnnn.
r'ivc that any other, while there id reason to believe
that some of the one hundred and five persons
who had jroue beyond the traces of the lust
searchers may he discovered. The spirit und enterprise
which characterize the Hritish nation
will probably not be satisfied with discussing
this inaltor, hut enpitai will be houtitirully applied
to tho cdmlrahlo effort to recovcr 'those
whose tale of adventure, and stores of narrative,
inr.y amply repay the whole world for the cost of
lit tempting to reach the conclusion of the Arctic
ppie. ? J'/iilnih/pliin Jiiiijitirr.r.
DEPARTED this life, at her residence, on
t lie 2:>d October 1859, Mrs. LA VIM A 1$ AURA
TT, relict of the late Dr. J. P. Durrutt, in
lier 01 year.
Her health had hten quite feeble for sevoral
years. Mrs. Darratt was the daughter of Elisha
und Nancy ltrooks, and grand-daughter of Jas.
Duller, a Revolutionary Patriot. Porn and
schooled in an early and eventful period of our
country'* history, her character received the
impress of tho times?prudent, patriotic, and
highly practical in her habits of life. She was
the mother of the gallant Kiohnrd ami Edward
Watson of the Palmetto Regiment. Indeed she
was one of tho noble matrons or our times. In
the various relations of life, she was a model
worthy of imitation?a wife, true ami faithful, a
mother in I he fullest sense of the word ; tender,
watchful and devoted; sympathizing and kind in
her intercourse with Iter friends and neighbors,
in christian piety earnest and devout. She
leaves two daughters, one son and many friends
to innurn her loss, but they mourn not us those
DIED, in Dossier Parish, La., on the 23d of
October last, Dr. RANDOLPH GARY. Dr.
O., was a native of Abbeville District.
Aiiukvii.i.k, Nov. 0, 1850.
Cotton.?Considerable has been done in this
article the past week, at prices ranging front 8
to K>J cents.
f!,., ...... . V -T Ictrr.
VVI.C.UUIA, ilUV. ?t A O.J J.
Cotton.?The sales amounted to 220 bales at
prices ranging from 7 A % 10 'JO-100c.
. Chari.esto.n, Nov. 5, 1850.
Cotton.?There wnsnn active demand for this
article to-dny. which resulted in the sale of upwards
of 3100 bales, at. t lie subjoined prices,
vi/.: 2<J bales at 10J ; 185 at 10.}: 208 at 10J ;
844 at 10J ; 746 at 11 : lG5at 11 1-10; .1^ at
11?; 438 at 11 J, and 4(34 bales at lljjc.
Common neime rules tbo mass of the people,
whatever the misnamed and misanthrope phil.
osophers may say to the contrpry. Show thema
good thing; let its merits be clearly demonstrated,
and they will not hesitate to give it
their most cordial patronage. The masses have
already ratified the judgment of a physician, I
coneeruinK the virtues of llOSTKTTKR'S HIT- I
TEUS, as may be seen in the immense quantities
of lliis medicine tlmt are annually hold
in every section of the land. It is now recognized
as greatly superior to all oilier remedies
yet devised for diseases of the digestive organs
sucli as diurrha:a, dysenlary, dyspepsia, and for
the various fevers that arise from derangement
of those portions of the system. Hnstetter's
name is rapidly becoming a household word,
from Maine lo Texas, from the shores of the
Atlantic to the Pacific, Try the article and
Sold by all druggie la in the world.
U" Soe advertisement in another column.
OH MOSDAY THE 12TH BAY
I "WILL sell at the plantation of ROBERT
BRADY, deceased, the entire
Tract of Land,
Adjoining lands of Dr. J. S. Rcid, W. W ,
Belcher, and others,
OF WHICH j
ARE HEAVILY TIMBERED, j
THE REMAINDER i
191 A GOOD STATE OF CULTIVATION. !
ON THE PREMISES IS A j
GOOD DWELLING HOUSE
NEW M HOUSE, ^
AJNJJ SCllEW. ALSO,
10 OJ 18 ' I
OATS, COWS, HOGS, ONE
I SI Ox Oart?, * i
TWO YOKE OF feXEER^
* AND AtL j&TH^R ARTKJp&S f? *
tmuALlY OFffkED AT stfiSli SALES.
utfT TERMS:?A credit of 12 month*, with H
from date. will*, two approved saptt&l ti
^.'S.ARAH Pl?&IIp ')
t> Wot. % 1B60 ^gjfoi; - , .^pe. ;;
^Valuable Store* tor'
I WILL Fell 011 THUIWDAY, the first day
of DKCKMBKI& next, at my Resilience,
within three miles of Lincohitou, Georgia, the
following Property, to wit:
Twelve or Fifteen Likely
MEN, WOMEN, GIRLS AND BOYS,
740 A. O II 33 S
of Soap Creek land, lying wilhiu three miles of
Lincolnton, well improved.
my entire stock of
HORSES, MULES, CATTLE
(PikAOTimCffir TODttiSj ML
Terms of Sale :?One lhir<l cash, the halanco
on out! and two years credit, with note and up
proved security, with interest from the duy of
Sale. Sale Fosilive.
WILLIAM C. ROIJERTSON.
Nov. 1,1859 2!) 3t
1AI nRM h
IMPOB.TAMT T .
All persons indebted to the Estate of
James F. Watson,
Or Estate of
(the evidence of which not hoing in the possession
of tbo administrator.* of A. Waller,
decM,) are requested to settle before, the first
of January ensuing, as n settlement of both
Estates will be made at that. time.
JAMES H. WJDLMAN, Exor.
Nov. 7th, lSj"J, 28, -It
SX accordance with tbo last Will and Testament
of Sniiiucl Irwin, dee'd, I will sell to
the highest bidder, a Plantation of Luiul, about
four miles East of Abbevil.o O. II , adjoining
lands of John Cowan und J. F. Maraliull, and
One Hundred and Twenty Acrcs,
more or less, about one half in the woods.
about forty years of njro.
Terms, 12 months credit, without interest.
The above sale will take place at Abbeville
C. H., ou Sule Day in December next.
JAMES IRWIN, Executor
Nov. 0, I8.r>9 29 4t
ROCHE & CHRISTIAN.
BOOT & SHOE STORE,
jfiLtotooville, ?1. ONext
Door to COBB, HUNTER & CO.
ff^JIE largest ncjorlnicnt of Negro Er^atis
JL ever offered in this market, which they
arc oflering for less money than the name quality
of work Iihh been offered for years past.
Uy buying largely we buy ehcap, and thereby
wo are able to sell cheaper thuti the cheapest.
We have n largo supply of fine
Gentlemens' Boots and Shoes,
which have been
PUT UP TO ORDER,
under the personal supervision of E. ROCHE,
on^f the firm, a practical ftoot Maker, and
which wHI be warranted to purchasers.
They invito a public inspection of their stock.
Give ns a call Gentlemen and Ladies, and we
will prove by ' occular demonstration" the truth
of what we eay. We feel grateful for the liberal
patronage heretofore bestowed on u.?, and
respectfully solicit an extension of the same.
ROC1JE <fc CHRISTIAN.
Nov. 2, 1859 28 tf
POOR HOUSE ELECTION.
ON SATURDAY the 20th day of November
inst,, the Commifisioners of the poor for
Abbeville DiNtrict, will elect a Superintendent
of the Poor House anu Overseer of the farm for
As Snpcrintendent he will Iiavo the care and
management of the paupers, and ne will be (applied
Vitlt hoard, and his family also (if he has
one.) As Overseer he will be required 10 perform
all the duties of such an agent, which are
io well' known as to render mention of them
unnecessary. The applicant?in his proposals
?which must he in writing, will state the
number of his family and give some idea of
the services they can perforin, and the amount
for which he offers his and their services.
Proposals, by candidates, may be handed to any
member of tho Hoard, and their presence at the
Poor IIoueo on tho day of election may be
Also, at the same time and place, a Physician
Tor the inmates for 18G0 will be elected. He
will be required to furnish his own medicines,
ind attend on tho Stewart and family, as well
is all the inmates of the Poor House wheu
For furthor particulars nppy to
JOHN A. WIER,
Secretary and Treasurer.
Nov. 2, 1869 28 3t
I DESIRE to Sell a Small Tracl of Land,
where George Penuy now lives, on Flagreed
3reek, adjoiuing lauds of Mr. Andrew Jftlwarda
The place is in good repair, with new and
jomforthble buildings. There ia Thirty Acres
>f fine productive Bottom land on the place.
L'lie tip land ia lave), and suceptible of ira^
irovement, and a good portion: iu cultivator.
$ * .
I will sell the place low and to nvit par*
ihasers, either for cash or on time. ' .
Millway. AbW?iloDi?trict, S. C.
'0ct. 26, )859 / 27 |f
" . ?? ? w 'V i li ' i*
PLANTATION fOjfc SALE.
'f*IIE Plantation of the late JOHN ft. BULL,
Mi"%"decVjUlt&o wn as "BEERY HILL," oonaining
about ' '
jfo^%lyB*V?nnah J"ver? adjoining lands of
Sk- Ttfnoent, D, & Cade and others, will be
?Td ?|Ao$?nlW& H., on Sale-Day in January,
PoreoM^desiring to j>ursba*e would do trell
<*N&1889;; 99 . 5. U
, ffinflrtess give 1 insertion. ^
t^dminitrtrator's Notice/ y
A lit pertous having demand* against the
A^IaUle.qf Dr. Joseph Togno, deo'd, are
rafcested to present them immeditfaly, to
Zfrw-w - K jfcHW H. WILSON, Adm'r.
8, 1855k 29 3t
$C . ..... J.
Ilns ju&t received additional suppltos of
Among which arfe
J. CROSSLEY & SONS'
LATEST PATTERNS OP
Velvet and Brussels
Of rich and splendid styles, which cannot
found in nijy other Carpet HoClM in Iho City
I'vrsoiiB wishing to purchase
Are respectfully invited to examine the assortment
beforn purchasing elsewhere, as they will
b.- sold nt I.OWEK I'RICES THAN fcV'"
BEFORE OFFERED IN THIS CITY, ?
nt lower priccs tliun they can be ordered fr
the Northern cities, adding the eipeuse .?
Carpets Cut and Made to Fit RwJ9&
Also, a very lurge supply of
STAPHS & I'ANCT
Embracing the Lnicft Styles of Lndi^ft'
DRESS GOODS ; Ladies' CLOTH AND VELVET
EMBROIDERED LACE AND MtJSLIN
CORNICES AND CURTAIN BANDS;
A large supply of English and American
Willi almost every article of DRY GOOl>S$
required for Fainfly or Plantation use, a fid
which will he Bold at the loweBt prices. Thti
public are respefct fu llv requested to call and examine
Augustu, Ua., Nov. 9, 1859 29 tf
PURSUANT to an Order from tbe Court of
Ordinary of Abberilk* District, the Administrators
of tho tstate of A. WALLER,
ceased, will sell by public auction, on tho
8th day Decexttber iteift,
at his latd residence irt Greeirtfood, all the t*?rsonal
Property of said deceased, in the Stato of
South Carolina, viz:
(COOKS, HOSTLERS, &c.y)
Mostly all iToung aid Likely#
4 NEW TWO-HORSE WAGONS,1
NEW LARGE ROAD WAGON,
A Lot of Cows, Hogs, Sheep,
Wheat, Corn, Peas, &o.,
Honsebcdd and Kitchen Fninitnie, &c.
TERMS:?All sums under Ten Doll&rt.C&sh;
Ten, and over, a Note 12 moths after date,
with interest from date, with approved seeurrities.
P? A.-,WALLER, "l . -sf
' V Adrn'raC.
D. WALLBB. )
Not. 2, 1869 28 61
J?JL,JL,J33ST ac X>X.AXt?
v Importer9 and Dealer* in ' . *
ENGLISH A^b AMERICAN
HARDWARE AID til HER Y,
iron, Hails, Cat^a^ Mill fttaie* Bolting
Cloth*, *?L1 Inm?r"ook XatUw, huu
??Sb?r and - ,v
Wrpaater*,'BUolowi'Qir ^ . . v
. and Tannera*. *
Ho\uekeepiBg & tfrirnistaa* Hardware,
Agricultural iWplettu&ta Baanf* ,-r
Cotter* and BtoiffM!ir#end?f? v.
and Andirons, in great variety,
Lime, Cement, Plaster, Paint*, Oil*, French and
American, Window Glh&fQunt, PUtoU.
JiifUt, Sh*i Belt*, Povder Jflmtke,
WHOLESALE OB RETAIL.
Siffntfth* Golden Pad Lock *
i coiuKi.MJt, m*- <?*
mo. x. ; . nro. c. tui,
Not. 1st, 1859 8t
*took af Mule?, Hoiw, CatiW, 8t??epaidHoga, *?
Plantation and Blacktsnilh loots, Cory, Fodd?rK. - and
other article*. O>n<tttfon? e*?y. *" '
| a ,w JAS: GILLAM.
| not. 7,1869 29 m
. * *' " V