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THE BRISTOL NEWS,
I. C. E. FOWLER,
Is Published in Qoodcon, Va..
AND FUHNI8UKD l)T TUM
AT til rOLLOWIKO KIT () I
One copy, one year, ?2.50
One copy, six months, 1.50
To clubs of ton or more, (por copy) 2.00
For the campaign '. ' 50
Payment in Advance.
TO CO K RESPONDENTS.
Correspondence (giving news items, Infor
mation lu regard to agrculture, or anything
tending to promote the interests of the pco
pie, U respectfully solicited. Write upon
tut one tide of the paper. No attention ia
paid to anonymous communications. '
PROF ESS IQ3ST AL.
M. L. BLACKLEY.
ATTORN El' AT LAW AND COLLECT
Bristol, Va. & Tknn.
WILL practice in the Courts of Suliivnn,
Washington, Carter, Green and Hawkins
Counties, Tennessee, anj Washington Coun
SOT Prompt attention will be given to all
business intrusted to jim.
Ollice west end NieklcB House.
Aug. M, 1808, tf
CHARLES J. ST. JOHN,
Attorney at Law and Collecting Agent,
BL0UNTV1LLE, TENN., '
WILL attend promptly to all busine1"
entrusted to hira in upper Efts Ten
nossee. aug 14, 1808, tf.
DEADERICK & DEADERICKS,
ATT0MEYS AT LAW AND S0LI0I
T0E3 IN CHANCERY.
J. W. DEADERICK, Knoxvlllo, Teun., or
W. V. DEADERICK, Dluuntvillo, Teun.
J. O. DEADEU10K, Bristol, Tenn. 1
A LL business intrusted to their care will
J. bo promptly attended to. Claims col
lected in any part of upper East Tenncs
soe. aug 1 1 -y
CHARLES R. VANCE,
Attorney at Law and Solicitor in Chancery,
EST1LLVILLE, SCCTT CO., VA.
HAVING recently removed from Bristol,
"Tenn., nnd located himself, perma
nently nt Estillvillc, Boott county Va., will
practice ia the several Courts in tho coun
ties of Lee, Scott, Russell, Wise and Wash
B5U I'rompt attention given to collec
tions in the above named counties. Com
muuiutions will hereafter bo addressed to
me as above. nuglltf
Attorney at Law and Collecting Agent,
UNION DEPOT, TENN.,
Will practice in the Circuit Courts of
Greene, Hawkins, Washington and Sullivan
counties, and in tho Federal court at Knox
ville, and will attend promptly to all busi
ness intrusted to his care, including tho
Collection of Claims against iho Government.
aug 14 lt08
CT. H. WOOD,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
BRISTOL, VA.& TENN.
WILL PRACTICE IN THE COURTS
of Washington, Scott, and Lee Coun
ties, Va., aud Sullivau and Washington,
Tenu. Particular attention paid to cases
in Bankruptcy mi 8 the Collection of Claims.
Office West end Nickels House.
aug 14 1H08
H. M TOLSOIM,
Attorney at Law and Collecting Agent,
nug Mth, 1&08, tf
A. J. DROWN. S. J. K'IRKl'ATIUCK.
BROWN & KIRKPATRICK,
JONESUOnOUG II, TENN ESSEE.
ag 14, tf
JOSEPH TV CAMPBELL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
"IJRACTICES regularly in the Courts of
L. Washington, bmilh, Russell nnd Scott
Counties, in the Circuit Court 'of Lee Coun
ty, nnd tho District Court ut Ablugdou.
July i!4, 180S. (iin
J- 11. Mo LIN, O. C. KINO,
Bristol, Tenn. - llluuntville, Tenu.
McLIN ,i KT.XV,
Attorneys at Law 6x Solicitors iu Chonoery.
WILL give their attention to such busi
ness hs limy be committed to their care.
CulUeliuits in South- Went Virginia and
tost Tennessee Attendeil to i'romptiy.
Aug. 14, 181)8.
It. J.. YnllK, f, A. rUI.KGUSUN.
YORK & FuLKERSOW,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
WlUpraetico iu tho Courts of Washington,
Russell, Scoitnnd Leo couutics. OFFICE,
in Lancaster building. aug 1 t,y
It. Lt)VE, N. M. TAVI.OU,
lohnsun's Depot, Ten. Bristol, Tenu.
LOVE &. TAYLOR,
Attorneys at Law and Collecting Agents
1'rompt attention paid to all Claims iu
trustedto them lu Hawkins, Greene, Wash.
' im.tiiii Piirter .liilifiufiii niul StiitlivMii mui-
ties. East Teuuessec; aud Washington coun
ty, Virginia. ' aug I l,y
w. it. oxjksojst,
ATTOUN E k' AT LAW,
WILL practice in the Courts of Tenuo
ssce and Virginia. Special attention
to all business in Bankruptcy. Cilice west
cud Nickels' House. Aug. 14 18(W tf
TO THE PUBLIC GENERALLY.
DKS. Ti'MPLETO.N .V; CAUTI'i;, having
permanently Incited in Bristol, Tenu.,
would respectfully auuuuuco to the public
generally that they uro now prepared to
treat Cuncer, in all it fuiuis, wiitumt the
use of the knife. They have in their hands
a remedy which has Ueeu used successfully
iu hundreds of eases, and having a thor
ough knowledge of Medicine, none need
fear to place themselves under their caro
und treatment. They will ulsu give pur
ticular attention to
DISEASES Or THE EVES,
Such aa Strabismus, (cross-eyes,) Ptery
puna Cataract, Cliroulo Intl.imations, Sc.
1'ersous wishing to place thcuisiho under
our treatment can procure board iu our
towu at a low price, or, if thry intor it, we
will visit Ihemut their homes. Allcominu
nloatioiis promptly answered.
Address TKAll'LETO.N & CAUTEU.
Hex 10, Bristol, Tenu.
(Office iu tho Lancaster Euilili'ig.)
nug II lbS
1 t - " 1 ' W I
' . i i
VOL. IV. . JRliTOL; VIRGINIA &
J-R, J. B. WINSTON, .
OFFERS his professional scruccs to the
citizens of Bristol and vicinity.
Residence nt I'rof. Winston's; 1st door
above Mrs. A. K. Moore's. aug28,3in
"bRTwM. n. vanceT"
LATE of Kingsport, resides in Bristol.
He will attend to professional calls
from town and country.
OFFICE, in King's Block first door on
tho right up stairs. aug 14, -y
JC Visits Bristol every Friday and Sat
urday Olfico on Main Street, one door
wost of Elisor's Drug Store.
BP5u ViBits Marion every other Tuesday
and edncsday. Ollice at Major Haller's.
a'ig. 14, 1808. ly
DR. JOHN KEYS, M. D. D. V. S.
A GRADUATE in both Medicine nnd
Dentistry, but who devotes his time ex-
clusively to Dentistry, will bo found at his
ollice, at all times, except when profession
ally absent. j
Ho will visit Blountville on Monday of
each Court week. He will also bo at Jonca
ville, Leo county, at the Circuit Court.
Aug 14-tf ' f"
Dr. II. Ifl. Grant,
HAVING just returned from Baltimore,
will visit Bristol on Friday and Sat-
urday of each week.
Ollice next door to Ensor's Drug Store
NEWS OF THE WEEK.
Wo have littlo to report to this week
from Washington cither of a political
or military nature. Tho Conservative
committee from Tenncssco have had an
audienco with tho President in regard
to tho condition of affairs in that State,
and assurances have been obtained that
every means within the power of the
President will be employed to keep
order and prevent tho calling out of tho
J udgo jUndcrwood has been urging
tho Secretary of War to make sweeping
changes iu tho Virginia judiciary, but
Senator Fowler has published a card.
denying complicity in tho Rollins affair.
. t , .
Gen. llosecrans has returned from his
visit to Gcu. Leo and other Southern
- . " ...w ...... lUUltUOIll) UI1U tuuu
. . .. ...I'll. 111 ti i-r 1
geucrals at tho Urecubner Wimo tjul-jinimons 01 aoiiars was auucu 10 n uu-
phur. Ilia mission was undcrtakcn,rin6 tho last month !
upon his own responsibility, und beyond' ,Now lct u.9 8C how mu,cl EatI
. , cal destructives havo taken from the
a pleasant meeting and tho assurance. m()ney Tho
of tho Southern generals that tho people ,JtHCCri published at Washington, and
of tho South &10 anxious for and desir having peculiar facilities for acceES to
ous of peace, will result in little. ' official figures, shows what has been col
lected and what has been expended, as
VIRGINIA, ' follow8.
Tho negroes and Loyal Leaguers con- First, as to rcvenuo :
tinuo to commit serious outrages in tho They havo, from tho 30th of June,
A few nights sinoo tho residence ofl
Dr. C. Barrom, at Cross Keys, South
ampton couuty, was surrounded by S'
armed mob aud completely riddled wit'
A prize fight took placo on tho Vi
ginia siJo of tho Potomac, a few sine,
butweou Colycr and Edwards, in whiu
tho latter was victor. .
Tho militia bill has passed tho llouo
by a largo majority. It provides Hit
tho Governor may call out any numlcr
of troops, draw upou tho Treasurer 'of
nny nutount of money, provided he dcs
not draw moro than 50,000 at mo
time, quarter them in any county, .ud
compel that couuty to pay tho cxpencs.
Tho Governor may ulso organle a
detective .police force, nnd tho Jaw
allows them S3 per day.
A largo mooting of tho tax-pay.es of
Nashvillo was held at tho Domoratic
club-rooms on tho 27th of Augat, at
which tho militia bill wus denounodby
Messrs. A. S. Colyer, Neil S. IJown,
Gov. II. S. Footo, Judt'ii Whttwotti and
At tho lladical oonveution in tnox
villo, Maynnrd was notuinatod forCou.
press over Ilouk by a small maority.
Tho liiends of llouk express great Jis.
satisfaction ut the result, nnd sp'uk of
running Ilouk as uu iudependett can
Tho N. Carolina Lcgislaturo Ins ad
journed, whilo tho Louisiana Legisla
ture tables a resolutiou to investigate
tho charges of corruption against Gov,
Waruiouth and certain members.
Tho Hon. Iavid L. Swain, President
of tho University of North Carolina, and
tho IIou. James Mann, tho on I; Demo
cratic Congressman from !ouisiuna,
fu tho Louisiana Legislature a bill
has pussed tho House prohibiting any
distinction on account of race, color or
previous condition, on routes of travel
or .in place of entertainment and public
IE NATIONAL DEBT
TI1K?AST AMOUNT COLLECTED AND
Jtvl'ENDED BY THE RADICALS.
Th following is tho official statcmont
of th public debt made by tho Secre
tary ',' tho Treasury on tho 31st of Ju
ly, tui'oinparcd with his official state
ment n tho 31st of March, 1365 :
JulyJ, 18C8 e2,r23,534,4S0 C7
MarqMst; 18C5 2,360,955,077 84
Infcase.... 8156,679,403 83
IUo wo Lavo an incrcitso of over one
hund:d und fifty six and a half mil
lions) 1 the pubiio debt since tho nlo.se
of tlii War, as shown by tho official
otatejouts from tho Treusury Depart"
mcn and thirteen millions of this was
addjduring tho month of July. Tho
asccftined pubiio debt is over two
thoiifiad five hundred millions. A sum
so vat that it almost impossible) to com
prcUcd it. Tho unascertained debt
I ig yj to bo added to this enormous
What that nmnunfc will bn ia nn.
eertai. liut tho unascertained debt
wassti mated by Thaddcus Stevens,
wba hitd chargo of tho subject of
fine, or ways and means appropria
tion, fr several years in the House of
Rcp3Bcntativcs, including all the war
an 4 incc, and who therefore, had the
vcrjbest menus of information on this
subict. to amount to tho astounding
guJ 0f $5,000,000,000 1 This CSti
- f t c.no i,l,I innlu.ln.
thirivutc claims for tho destruction of
prperty North and South, debts arising
outof breuch 'of contract by the gov
ertucnt, and spoliations at home and
alhad, growing out of tho prosecution
ofho war, and probably, in his con
templation, also, tho assumption by the
ft oral government of tho war debts of
tty several States, counties, towns, etc.
(hers, again, have estimated the debt,
a( things, included, as high as 0,000,
'What no. interesting prospect does
tls present to the laboring men of the
Jtntry. For labor must pay every
liar of tho debt. Labor gives value
everything. Tho laboring men must
y this debt by the sweat of their
Looking at this great debt, and con
idering tho taxes wo aro already com
icllcd to pay, it is natural to inquiro
iow fast it is being paid. At the com
nencetuent of our investigations wo aro
I " . T I " " " ,
that whilo. tho war en Jed moro than
hrce years ago, yet the national debt
increasing, and that over thirteen
1801 to January 1st, 1S08, collected
from tho peoplo a revenue araountiug in
all, as set down in the official record,
$7,037,801,064, including tho $5,023,.
402,308 from loans and Treasury notes.
As going to malto up seven billions,
etc., are put down under the head of
"direot taxes," (but theso only from
30th of June, 1802,) S12,IG1,327, hav
ing collected in 1867 alone, for direct
Under the head of "miscellaneous,"
8230,151,953 ; having collected in the
ono year, I860 under this "miscella
neous" head, mark you ?67,11(J,36'J.
They wrung from tho peojdo in the
ono year of 1865, total revenue, tho ap
palling sum of $l,805,)3y,345.
Thus much on the subject 01 money
collected. Now a few figures as to
money paid out expenses of carrying
on tho Government.
They havo expended from Juuo 30,
1S01, to January 1, 1868, total, 87,
657,471,295, having spent in 1865,
As going to muko up this sum they
expended for tho War Department 53,
180,368,406 ; having paid out in one
year 1805 $1,031,223,300.
For tho Navy Department, $11 1,083,
285 ; having spent for tho year 1865,
For "rtrditwry espeisditurcs," ?3,
045,291,157 : having spent under this
head of "ordinary expenses," for tho
ono year of 1865, $1,212,911,280.
For "miscellaneous" expenditures (to
June 30, 1867,) $158,001,452.
Somewhat swallowed up iu theso
amusing sums of money, which stagger
tho tuind in the effort to roulizo them,
tho amount squandered on tho Freed
men's Uureuu would probably reach fif
ty millions. At least, for tho year end
ing Jauunry 1, 1867, as estimated by
(ieueral Howard, Commissioner of the
Uureuu, uear twelvo millious were re
quired. At this .-ate, for tho three
years tho liureau has been it) existence,
it has consumed thirty-six millions;
.and wo know that u vastly greater
amount at least fifty millions havo
been pent upon it, all to keep tho Rad
ical party in power.
Tho rate at which wo aro going to
ruiu the astounding sums of money
drawn by the tax-gatherer from the
bald labor of tho people, und epcut
can bo better understood when wo say
ay that during tho seventy-throe eais
proceeding tho war (as estimated ro
cetitly) tho wholo expenditure of gov
ernment nmouutcd to less thau fourteen
hundred miliums of dollars while the
Radical party in ono year of 1S05, spent
nearly ninctcon hundred million dollars,
as abovo stated.
Such an exhibit ns this may well
striko tho peoplo with dismay, and
causo them, as they do, to cry aloud for
relief Irom so intolerable a burden.
TheDanqe.r of Oi-ant's Defeat
llow to Avert it.
From tho New York Independent.
tlT HORACE ORKKI.T.
Our frionds seem to bo almost ovory where
rostlng In the conviction that Gen." Grant
cannot possibly bo beaten. This is at once
untrno aud perillous. llo not only cun,
but will bu beaten, unloas the Republicans
work with moro energy and efficiency than
they havo thus far done. Indiana is tho
only doubtful state which sterns to be contest
ed by them with adequate f.eul and Indus
try. I trust that Ohio cannot be lost ; but,
if thore be no revival on our sldo, tho ballot
boxes will closa on the night of the Octo
ber State election with at least 10,000 moro
Republican than Democratic votes unpoll.
ed. l'erhaps we can stand this disparity,
and perhaps not. It is not safo to take tho
So of Pennsylvania. Wo woro heavily
cheated thero last October ; we are likely
to be worse cheated now Her election laws
are tolerably good ; but the judges in strong
Democratic districts set them at delinncu,
taking all the votoi that are oflered esye.
cially the bad ones. They will cheat us at
least 10,000 in October. VTo can beat them
Mill, if every Republican vote is polled.
But will thoy bo f Will Alleghany givo her
10,000, Lancasti-r hor 0,000, and others in
proportion f Will Berks, Northampton,
Monroo, Columbia, etc., givo no more than
a legal majority against ns ? I bopo, but
Now let ns suppose that tho enemies of
human rights should no matter by what
means carry Pennsylvania and Ohio in
October, wincinp likewise some local tri
umphs in other States, what then f Shall
wo not see the vory men who now shirk ef
fort, on the plea that Grant cannot be beat
en, lying down in inaction because (thoy
will say) ho Is already beaten, and cannot
possibly be elected f How swift will bo
their transition from blind presumption to
cowardly despair I
The States aro entitled to choose 317
electors, whereof 153 aro a majority. Thero
should be no doubt of General Grant's car.
rying at least those :
Maine 7 Michigan 8
New Hampshire. . .5 Wisconsin 8
Massachusetts 12 Minnesota 4
Kuodo Island 4 Iowa 8
Vermont S Missouri 11
West Yii'giuia 5 Kansas 3
Ohio 21 Tennessee 10
Indiana 13 North Carolina.. ..9
Illinois It! South Carolina.. . .4
Uore aro just votes enough to elect, with
regard to which thero should bo no doubt.
But Ohio and West Virginia are dospdrato
ly contested ; aud, while we have most vo
ters in each, our adversaries seem for the
present to havo the best woikors. Aud
while Wade Hampton boldly proclaims that
every black man who works lor a "Demo
crat !" must give bis vote for Seymour and
Blair, or bodeprived work, bread and home,
cau wo fuel sure that any robot State will
voto for Gramf Wo know right well that thir.
ty thousaud majority of the legal voters of
South Carolina will hopo aud pray that
Grant may be elected ; but twenty thousand
of theso may be constrained to vote for
Seymour, or not to vote at all. So of the
other rebel States. We cannot rely on ono
them till the votes shall have beuu polled
and tho result declared.
Men and Brethren ! Wo must curry Con
necticutjNow York, Now Jersey and Penu.
sylvauia for Grant and Colfax. With
these or evon half of them thero can bo
no mistuko as to tne result. Without at
leust two of them all is iu doubt. Wo can
carry every ono of theiu, except possibly
New Jersey, if wo begin ut unco and reso
The New Jnternal Tax Law.
Correspondents having inquired at what
time tho now internal tax law, approved
J uly 20, went into elleet, we tuko advan.
tage of an early copy of tho law, received
from Hon. Win. D. Kelly, to answer the
question. Tho general provisions of tho
law go into oporatlou Immediately, that Is,
on July 20, but there 'are certain matters of
detail in reference to which days of pi ace
are allowed to the persons interested.
Thus, stills and distilling apparatus now set
up must bo registered w mo 11 sixty days,
while those hereafter sot up must bo regis
tered at once. Tho term of ollico or em
ployment of all general or special agents
or iusiuctors now authorized 10 act expires
wilhiu ten days af ter the law goes into ef
fect ; and hereafter no such oliicer cun bo
employed, with tho exception of twouty.live
deteclivos, whom tho commissioner I in.
lerual rovuuuo is empowered to appoint.
This does not apply to inspectors of tobac
co, snull aud cigars. Within nine months,
all distilled spirits in any bonded warehouse
must bu withdrawn from said warehouse,
and tho taxes must bu paid. Kvery uianu
luctuier of tobacco aud suutl', aud every ci
gar manufacturer must within thirty days,
place and keep 011 tho side or eud of the
building within which his business ia carried
on, so thut It cau bo distinctly seen, a sign
with letters thereon uot loss thau three
inches in length, painted lu oil colors or
gilded, giving bid lull tuuio aud business.
All the provisions of the law which require
the use of stamps are to lake elloet at the
eud of sixty days from the passage of the
act; provided that iu easo tho stamps can
uot bu furnished by tho Treasury Depart
ment by that lime, tho Secretary may tlx a
day uot later than December 1st, 1SU3, for
putting the provisions of the law in refer
ence lu stamps iulo operation. Seeliou 105
provides thai all acts inconsistent with the
law just passed are repealed, save lor tho
purpose of exacting penalties lor their vio.
luiion; but w henever tho duty imposed by
any existing law shall cease in consequence
of any limitiatiou therein contained before
the respectivu provisions of tho new act
shall take ellocl, tho same duty or tax shall
bu continued until th ) provisions of the
uew uot shall take ell'ect; and whore any
act Is repealed, 110 duty or tax Imposed
tlieieby shall be held lu cease in conse
quence of such repeal until the respective
vorrtKjttitive corresponding provisions of the
uew law shall takeelb et. When any tat is
imposed, and the mode or time of a-sosMi g
or colli ciiou is omitted or not properly pro
vided lor, the commissioner of lulerual rev
enue may make all necessary regulations
to carry the law into etleet.
In reference to petroleum, on which sub.
Ject many inquiries hava been made, the
new act repeals all laws lnqosiug au inter
nal revenue tax on Illuminating or other
mineral oil, aud on the product of distilla
tion, or ro-disulUihm or relining of crude
petroleum, or crude oil print need by a sin
gle distillation from bituminous substances,
and all laws In reference to returns, ascs.
uieut, waret'ouslng and bonding, an J all
SEPTEMBER 5, 1868.
provisions for determining tho (jnantity of
mineral oil distlllod for tho pnriiose of tax
ation. Tho tax imposed by ox'rsting laws
on such oils or products In tho hands of tho
producer or manufacturer or his atrents at
tho time of tho passage of tho new act and
unsold is not to be collected. Distillers
and refiners of mineral oils are hereafter
to bn considered as manufacturers and sub.
ject to tho tax on sales provided for in sec
tion fourth of tho act of March 31st, 1808.
This section imposes a tax on annual silos
ol two dollars lor every thousand dollars In
excoss of Ave thousand, and requires a
quarterly return, commencing in July,
ibo, lor throe preceding months. i u.'a
The Vondholtlcr versus the Note
SKNATOB SlIKnSIAN ON TIIK GltKKKAlUCK Is
euic 11k bavs that i.awfui. Mo.vkt oni.t
is Dkmanoaiii.k you 6-20 Uonds -Kxtraot
hium uis Si'skcu at IIii.lhbuho, O., Auu
Rut hero the dillicnlty arises may the
umtcu oiaiea pay mis ueoi iu lawiui mon
ey, such the law compels all other creditors
to take, or must it be in gold or silver coin f
.wow, tins depends upon tho contract bo
twoon tho partios. Whon a nation doals
with a party, and stipulates to pay money,
the presumption is that the money to bo
paid is that kind of money recognized among
iiuuous, unless some oilier money Is stipu
lated for In tho contract. Now. when we
come to look at the law, which is an essen
tial part of the contract, we find that a
Kiua ot money e'etined in lhat act and call
ed lawful monoy, shall be a legal tender, in
payment of all debts, public aud private,
which must be paid iu coin. Now, I have
reasoned about this matter very often, in
public and private ftisenssion. 1 have made
and anstrered trilateral arguments in speicltes
and nports ; but my mind always conies back
to this conclusion ; that under Vie laio, the con
tract between the creditor and the United SUiles
xcas that the creditor should loan the United
Stale lawful money, or paper money that
ine uruiou ataios would pay the interest at
six per cent, in coin, and lhat the United
States might, at the end live years, return to
the creditor his principal sum in tho same
money loaned In the Government, or might
postpone this twonty years. Rut tition this
question there is a divorsity of opinion, not
conliucd to parties, and tho whole of it
grows out of the condition of onr tho cur.
ency. Tho real breach of faith in this
matter is not with the bondholder it is
with the noteholder. It all'ects the bond
holder only as it sheets all other creditor.
Hie bondlioUler w no mort the creditor of
vie Lnuod states than the note-liouler. We
have almays complied aiilh our promises
but never to the note-holder. Wo prouiiso to
pay the note on demand, but don't pay it
at all, and roluse even to take it for our
bonds except at a discount. This is tho
key to to all oar financial discredit. If we
will pay our notes, or make them cnual to
other money, all the trouble about the
bonds and high prices disappears. Do wo
refuse to pay the notes because wo can't
pay them If Not at all. Wo could pay
them easily with the cold in the Treasury.
or redeem the amount o.' them, so that the
rest would t0 equtvalont to cold. W by.
then, don't wo do it ? Thj tnswer is, that
to do it abruptly would so contract the cur.
roncy as to interfere with the vast business
operations of tho country. It will compel
mo dulitur class to pay their debts in a dif
ferent medium or money than the debt was
contracted in. It would suddenly roluo
tho nominal value of commodities. Prices
would fall from dollar to seventy cents.
Now, everybody admits that we must como
to this sometime; but all shrink from the
inuvitahlo distress at tho change. Now,
what wo want Is to gradually bruit' up the
the value nf our notes tu par with (told,
and, if possible, without too great contrac
tion of tho currency, or too abrupt a change
For months past wo havo lonced to lay
before tho public the fact that a most wou
dorfnl discovory had beon made In the art
of telegraphing by two of our fellow-citi
zens, George Al. Uitgau, liookor l ord, aiv!
Col. Coleman, of Memphis, aud shall now
proceed to record wh wo have soen in op.
oration at tho telegraph ollko in this placo
for weeks past. Tho discovery tuado does
away with all tho jars ami lHtids hereto,
lore used in telegraph olUces, and a cur.
rent ol electricity, snlllciently strong for
all purposes, is drawn from mother earth by
nieuusone sheet of coppur and one sheet of
zinc, which are buried to the depth of two
feet, and haviug about four Inchis of earth
between them. To the copper plato wires
aru attuclmd, and tho current th us procured
seems inexhaustible, Tho operators at the
telegraph ollice here havo long since dis
pensed with fluids ol all kinds, and every
message sent from Rolirar Dow is recorded
by an iustrumeut which receives its power
from the buried battery, and which con
sists of unthlng but ouu sheet of copper
and one of brass. The inventors havo up-
I 1 1 ed for a patent, and It is hoped that their
prayer wilt bu speedily answero 1, as this
discovery of theirs is destined to work a
most wonderful change In the art ol tele.
graphing. Hereafter, we shall endeavor to
give a full and couqdeto account of this
truly great discovery, axl are proud to say
that to Ilardemaiiu county belongs the
credit. Those who doubt tho truth ol what
we have rel;'d ran po to the depot S!i
see for themselves; as tho new battery is in
full and constant operation, and has never
failed 10 do all and even more than the old
costly jars and lluids can ever perform.
This Invention will save thousand of dol
lars to tho telegraph couipauies, and is des
tined to become universally adopted on ac
count ot its cheapness and durability.
Volioar (Tenn.) JJulletin, 15(4.
D11. Meou's lui'HisoNxiKT. The Medical
Society of II ait fold, Md., held a meeting on
the 1 1 111 instant, and among its proceedings
wu Hud the following t
Dr. Leo ollered a petition tube presented
to the President of tlwi United States for
the release of Dr. Mu Id, a highly respucted
member of tho profession of tins Statu, who
has been conliucd on a barren and unhealthy
island, known as tho Dry Torlugas, for a
period of uxarly three years, for the allcimd
but unproved complicity in theassissinution
of President Lincoln. Tho pmiiiou was
unanimously adopted as expressive of tho
sense of the society in the premises, and
the secretary was instructed to place it iu
the bands of our Representative ji, Cun
gross, the lion. Stevenson Archer, for pre.
sentation to the tho President at his earliest
con vt uience. ltull'uwre Sun.
ClOAKS AMI ToIIACl'U IN Tavkrnh. It is
not yet generally understood, says the
Philadelphia J.td.er, that under the new
revenue bill all tavern-keepers selling cigars
and tobacco aro required to take out a
special license, as though regularly engaged
iu tho tobacco trudo. Aisessors have lately
huun busy informing saloon keepers in their
district of the provisions ot the law.
SKETCH OF TIIK SEYMOUR
Chargo of Hereditary Innault;
The Now York World, In replying to tho
absurd stuff about Insanity, in which tho
Radicals aro dealing, gives tho following In
tcresting particulars about tho Seymour
fami ly :
For a family In which thero lurks a hor.
editary taint of insinity, that of Governor
aeymour presents tho most surprising rec
ord ever hoard of. It is a Connecticut Cam
ily, nearly all of whoso members for to
generations havo tilled lugh olhclal trusts
either in that Stato or in States to which
they emigrated. Tho following biocrahica
notices of some of them are copied from
Laumau s "Dictionary of Congress :
RKYMOl'R, DAVID I..
He was a member of the Now York As
semhly in ls.'i6, Rensselaer county, and a
Kepreseutativo in Congress from lXl'i to
SEYMOUR, PATin l.
Born in Connecticut, and was a Rupro
sontativ'o of tho State, in Congross, from
1S31 to IK)J.
Rom In Litchfield, Connecticut, May 31,
I 78; eraduatcd at 1 ale I ollciro 17U7
studied law at the Litchfield School, and
settled iu Middlebury, Vermont. lie was
a Judgo of tho Probate, member of tho
Council, and a Senator in Cmurross, from
1.V.S1 to llodiedat AtHldlebury, No
vember zi, leo7.
RKYMOL'R, ORIHKN B.
no was born In Litchfield, Connecticut.
In 1804 ; was bred a lawyer ; bus been In the
State Legislature, and served as Speaker
in 1S50; and was a Representative in Con
gress Hum Connecticut, Irom 1851 to liS55.
SfcTMOl'R, THOMAS II.
Ho was born in Hartford, Connecticut, in
1808; was educated at the Middletown Mil
itary Academy ; studied law and practised
the profession ; was a J udge of Probate ; a
Representative in Congress, from Connecti
cut, from 1SJ3 to 1K5G ; in ls4S went to MeX'
ico as a Major of the New Eucland res!.
ment, and was with General Scott at tho
City of Mexico ; he was elected to tho
btato benate In 1850, and re-elected three
times; and was appointed, by President
Pierco, Minister to Russia, which position
no continues 10 occupy.
Ho was bom In Connecticut, served as a
member of tho New York Assombly ia
1832 and 1834, and was a Representative In
congress Irom 1835 to 1837.
Major Moses Seymour, Governor Sev.
niour's grandfather, was a cavalry oliicer
in tho war lor Independence, lie had fivo
sons, all ot whom were mon ol mark und
distinction, and ono daughter In ono of
the local Connecticut histories tho "His
tory of Litchlleld" it is related that of
these nvo sons, ono becamo distinenished
as a financier and bank piesidont: two be
came high sberills of this county ; one was
a Kepresontative, iaenator and canal Com
missioner in tho Stato of New York ; and
ono was twelvo years a tinted Slate's hen
ator from Vermont the most remarkable
laiuily ol sons over raised in Lttlilield. Tho
daughter, Clarissa Seymour, married tho
Rev. Freeman Marsh, for many years the
rector of St. Michael's church iu this
Tho boreditary taint of insanity t if such
moro wasi seems uuver to Cave been dis
covered or suspected by tho numerous con.
stitueucies who elected so many uiembci h
ol this lamily to positions of otllcial trust
Ollico (judging irom their experience )
wouiu soem 10 oe a prophylactic or wonder
ful sureuoss and ellieucv ia prevcmiui tho
development of hereditary iusaniLy, as no
member of tho luinily ever exhibited the
slightest syniptou ol mental aberration
whilo lu olhce, and nearly the wholo family
havo been public characters since the be.
ginning of tho Revolution ary War that is
is to say, ever since the country bad a sen-
urate history. Governor Sovniour's father
who removed to this State, was canal com.
nilsslouer, a member of the council of p.
polntmeut under tho first Stite constltie
tion, ho served In both brauches of Iho
istate l-ioglsluturo, was Mayor of Utica, and
President of tho Farmer's LMn and Trust
Company. On his mother's side, Governor
Seymour is also descended Irom a re vol 11.
tionary olUcer. His maternal grandfather
was Lieulonaut-Colonel Formal), of the
First New Jersey Regimunt, and after tho
close the war, a momber of tho celebrated
order of thu Cincinnati. Instead of an au.
costry of invalids, Governor Seymour comes
of a vigorous, healthy stock, which has
iropagaieu an extra-ordinary crop of sound
uiuiiecis 01 moro man average ability.
London Morning Herald, Augyst 12. 1
JcJJ'emon 2tiv(a in Einjland,
Tho arrival of Mr. Davis at Llvornoul has
naturally excited a good deal of interest
and attention. Nor is there any reason to
wonuer at the warm reception he has met
with ; though there is much cause to rclolce
at the quiet and unostentatious character
which the demonstrations '( rcMiect and
sympathy have assumed. Indeed, whore-
ever ne may snow inniseii among 1 jii?lish
men, Mr. Davis is suro to bo welcomed with
every mark of esteem and admlratiou. The
heroes of an unfortunate cause aro always
popular with us, especially when they have
struggled and sullered on behalf of a people
struggling for national Independence Kos
suth, fresh from a Turkish dolor. lion and
troai toe Hungarian rebellion, was greeted
with enthusiastic applause by every class
of the community ; eveu Mazzlul's name
was popular uutll tho recollections nf the
gallant defence of Rome was ell ace d by
other and less honorable associations. Politi
cal exiles always find us predisposed lu their
favor, whatever the party and whatever the
cumo for which they Mill. red. Hut ti 1
man could apiieul mom strongly to hnulisti
sympathies than Mr. Jell'drson Dm.. In
the lirst place, he represents a kindled peo
ple, a nation of Kugbsh blood and Kgdsh
speech, whose aoitin of their Independ
ence was bused on principles thoroughly
congenial to our own, and whoso gallantry
iu 1 ne ueiu anu lorutuuo m tieiumnco
awakeued in the hearts of Knir l,hm.iii the
strongest toolings of all'iction and admira
tion that were ever exulted lu tins country
y any foreign people or party. A, a u, tho
Southern cause bad a peculiar hold uu our
sympathies because it was, to begin wiih,
the cause ot Constitutional 1 ignl uml estab
lished law against the domination ol a lunro
numerical majority ; an I because tl w.s ihe
cause of the weak against the mon?, ol
eight million against twenty. That led 1
wai cuistuutly deepened by thu heroic
courage aud iuilliaut chivaliy of tl e South,
erners, and -by thu splendid ac.bluveiuuuts
and admirable qualities of their leaders.
Moreover, Mi. Davis commands our yni-
puihics on his own account. Little kuown
to us when bo lirst took Ids place at fie
head of the Confederate Government, his
character, as it was displayed under all the
trials aud responsibilities of that high posi
tion, under tho vicissitudes of war and iu
(TKN LINES IIAKH A PHUAT.K.)
One square, first insertion,....) ..... $1.50
Each subsequent insertion 75
A liberal discount for ftanding ad
vertisements. IC7 Obituary notices over font liucs wilj
bo chargod at advertising rates.
Will bo neatly and promptly executed.
Having provided orr office with all tho
material necessiry for doing good work,
wo appeal to tin r.dvoonles of homo In
dustry for a liberal sharo of their patronsgo.
BLANKS OF ifiVKRY DESCRIPTION"
ALWAYS OK II A Ml,
Or furnslhod at the shortest notice, nt a
low rates as thry can be bought, elsewhere,
the darkness., of tho final catastrophe his
statesmanship, his administrative skill, his
unbending courage, bis unswerving recti
tude, bis unfailing resolution won for liltn
individually a regard only second tu that
felt for his country, and mado bim appear
a worthy representative, in bis own person,
of the cause for which ho labored and thu
Rallant pecplo who bad tntrnvtcd their for
tunes to his hand. His subsequent suffer
ings, and the cruel wrongs he has ondurod
with such unbroken spirit and such un
daunted fortitude, have attracted toward
bim a still deeper bj uipathy and rospoct ;
nnd, outside of a small feet of fanatics
whoso sympathies aud wishes are always on
the opposite side to those of their country
men, there is no Englishman who would not
pay to Jell'ursnn Davis tho tribttto Ol rever
ence duo to a gruat nature and a great
The l ate of the Apostles.
All tho Apostles wero ossatiltod by (ho
enemies of their Master. Thoy Wero call,
ed tu seul their doctrines with their blood,
and nobly did they bear tho trial. Schu
macher says :
St. Matthew sulTered martyrdom by be
ing slain with a sword at a distant city of
St. Mark expired at Alexandria. bIut
having been cruelly dragged through tho
street of that city.
St. Luke was banced mnn nu olivo trco
iu tho classic land of Greece.
St. John was put in a cauldron nf boilln?
oil, but escaped death in miraculous man
ner, and was afterwards banished to Pat
mos. St. Peter was crucified at Rome with his
St. James thu Greater was beheaded at
St. James the Less was thrown from a
lolly pinnacle of tho temple and then beaten
to death with a luller's club.
St. liarthomelew wus (lived alivo.
St. Andrew was botiud to a crosi. whenro
he preached to his persecutors till ho died.
tt. 1 nomas was run through tho body
with a luuee ut Coromadel iu tho East lu-
St. Judo wai shot to death with arrows.
St. Matthias was first stoned and thou
St. Barnabas of tho Gentiles was stoiicd
to death by the Jews at Salonica.
St. 1 aul alter various tortures and perse
cutions, was at length beheaded at Rome
ny luo iaupeior Nero.
An English Oi-ixiuk. Tim T.nn,tn .
mopoiitan says :
"The Radicals hnvn Jin.l (I,,.!- H,. .,.i
- ...t unj Willi
done as much mischief ns,'ilni country will
oiiuei. h is uuw mg turn 01 mo conscr-
vat Ives and Democrats tho nnlr
whoso Mluciplua. old nn thn fnnulftMtif...
and as sacred aro ablo to presorvo the
Union without a second civil war, and to
sve it from manifold evils which tho first
brought along with it. Tho timo is ripe for
a reaction ogainst tho sham phllosplicrs
and malignant philanthropists and tilggnr.
sv.rsiun,err!, mi jh,u sutler, Wendell
Ptiillins and Thiol,!, im StieVi.iiu nurt nil .!..
other charlatans and inountcbanku who.
untaught and unwarned by the lessons of
msioiy Buujrni 10 reproduce In tho New
U'eild the Vlllur ins Ui..l kurmr. r ll.n rT.
and to emulate tu tho extent uf thuir lungs
and tho vulunio of their venom, tho do'uiM
of Robespierre, St. Just, Coiithon, and oth
er poisonuus spawu of thu French revolu
tion, America has bad rnoiK it lAII ihmirfli
of such tormentors, and longs, as Ireland
uki, in me onion day, lor a saint liko
Patrick to make an cud of tneui. Wo
Venllv bono ami inu.lieille l.ll..ir.. 1L..1
Seymour will bo thu man to do it, and that
all tho black snakes in qnes'ion, raeh with
a wooiiy uead, will, ot Ms blessed advent,
like Iho toads in tho bull ait ",.,,,,i,
itleal) suicide to save themselves from
Tut: Lim'oi.v Miimiisi y.KT fi.knf.i-Ati i.u
appropriated a biilliciency of bronze cannou
captured during tho war tu cast nil the col
ossal liguros, thirty-Cve in number, to bo
.meeu upon mu magiiiiicent monument tu
bo erected near tho Capitol by tho Lincoln
Monument Association. Tho money ro.
quired fos tho monument, including batio
and figures, will bo about three hundred
thousand dollars; and Mr. Win. 11. Cork
hill, former HCHIiL flf" 1 tin A tlliil'luan
Society, has accepted tho general agency
for tho collection it tho fund. The model
of the m-iiiument is by tho architect, Clark
Mills, who is already preparing the models
for the principal figures, at his studio near
l'dadensbuig. Tho lolloa ing Is a summary
of the lirinrliuil r-ntninu .r .1... 1
structure proposed to be erected :
mi 1 ... - '
ine pcuostti is to bo ol gruniui, and tho
figures limniM. Tim u-lu.1.. .!... 1...
- - " n. 1 iiv.1 ill HI lll
seventy feel high, surmounted by lliiity.Uvu
uiiimwi iiurn, 11s con-iructioii is tiiun.
gular, and tho crowning llgiire is Mr. Lin.
coin in tho uet of signing tho proclamation
of emancipation. a ledge, just below
his leet. stand thn ulliimi.i..ui fin-..a .r r 11.
01 ty and Justice and Time. The inouu-
n...... l,..tr ...:i 1 .1 . .. -
iiivn nsLn hi 1 ua.u inree oas relicts, rep
resenting thu bombardment of Sumter, thu
Senate und Hunn aini.twlmi. r,..t , 1 ... c ...
and ttio surrender nf' I.ei. A I. 1
...'( II1U ,ft-
ossul llguros ou dillorent parts of tho mon
ument will be the members of Mr. Lin.
coin's Cabinet ; tho slave, us a slavu and as
a fruemau ; tho proiuiueut men of tho coun
try who stuud by the nation, including Bish
op Simpson and Ilunry Ward lleeeher. At
the three angles near the base, will be six
equestrian statues, ivria::!; llm. ol Grant
Sherman and Gen. M'ail ..ur..n n tl... 1.11....
representing iho volunteer aru.y.
Gks. Roiikkt E. Lkk. Tho Augusta
(Ga) Chronicle und Henthul in speaking of
the recent Democratic mooting lu thut cliv
In tho conrso of hl;i remaiks, Genrril
Ilampioii said lhat he could re-echo, Irom
the bottom of his heart, a speech made lo
om iiy Hint loremistol living men. Gen,
ioberl h. Lee. It was whon ho ulw it,t
grand chiclLnin, and siood by bim again in
hisrotirumeut,that they wero talking about
the war and thu Past. Gen. Leosaldo' I .11.1
only whit I thought wus r g it and no hi:iK
elso. Now that wu have peace, I lavo.- olieill
eucutotbo Ihw, snd denre pei.ee throughout
me lanu." fi 1 haps, com iiiued Ihe speaker,
this may bo culled trossonublo, but I will
tell you souietiiiiiir vel v trtas.iuablu that did
oeur: The General wst riding on his old
giay horse, which yuii havo all seen so often,
when bo was met upon the load by a Military
iii iu. This man t mk oil' his but, sseo yhody
iso uoi s wno meeiKino i;enorl, and said :
1 sill one ol 11urold sihlicis:I nevirssk.
d a favor, but 1 want In a-k you ouu i.ow."
Thu General replied t "if 1 can, I will
rant it with pleasure." "Well," Mild this
Id rebel, "1 want you to pet down elf that
orsu and let luo itivovnu three cheers!"
The General did so, aud the chceis weio
Iven with a bom ty pNd will, as I now pro.
use that 11111 eivu llirou luoru forGeu. Itob
i t K, Loo.
Hon. A. R. Botm.ku and Frank Hum.
rd uro to stump YVo-t Virginia for Sev.
iiiottr uud Bialr,