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THE BRISTOL HEWS,
I. C. & E. JfOffl-ER. '
Ii Publish! ia Ooodion, VsY.
AMD WKMUHKD HT THi
At f bi roiiot RltHJ
One copy, one yesr,., (2.68
Om copy, llK month,. 1.60
To club of ten or tnore, (per cop;) 1.00
For tbo campaign,.... .J. 60
JPaymatt in Advance. . ..
Correspondence iglvlng news items, infor
mation In regard to ogrcultare, or Anything
tending to promote the Interest of the peo
ple, Is respectfully solicited. Write upon
br.t one aide of the paper. No Attention la
paid to anonymous oommnnlcationii.
' M Ik BXACKLEY.
ATTORNEY AT LAW AND COLLECT
BaisTor,, Va. & Tenn.
WILL praatioe in tlio Csurtsof Sullivan,
Washington, "Carter, Green And Hawkins
Counties, &enuess(:e,and Washington Coun
fj2jy.l,rompt Attention frill be given to all
business intrusted to aim.
Ollice -west end Nicklos House.
Aug. a4,U88, tf
CHARLES J. ST. JOHN,
Attombj at Law and Collecting Agent,
IJJTf ILL attond promptly to all busim"
?7 GUtruitedto him in upper Ens Tes
uessee. aug 14, 1 808, tf.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW AMD S0LICI
. T0E3 IN OHAKOERY. .
i . ADDRESS:
J. W. DEADERICK, Knoxvllle, Tcnn., or
W. V. DEADBIUCK, Blountviile, Tenn.
J. 0. DEADEUIOK, Bristol, Tenn.
LL business intrusted to their enre will
Ax. bo promptly attended to. - Claims col
lected in any purt of upper Eaiit Tennet
see. , . .. . aug 4 -y
Attorney at Law and Solioitor in Chanoery,
ESTILLV1LLB, SCOTT CO., VA.
HAVING recently removed from Bristol
Tenn., and located himself, purmA
iieutly at Jistillville, Scott county Va., will
practice in tlio never! Courts in fle coun
ties of Leo, Scott, Itusselt, Wiso and Wash
ington, Va. . . ,
B5u Prompt attention given to collec
tions in the above uds.cd counties. Com
niuniations will boreaftor be addressed to
me as above. .. aug41tf
Attorney at Law and Collecting Agent,
UNION DEPOT, TEXN.,
Will In f!..: r- -
Qrome, Hawkins, Wnsiington and Siillirnn
counties, and In the Federal court at Knox
villc, and will nttond promptly to all busi
noss intrusted to bis care, including the
Collection of Claim i against the Government.
. aug 14 JSCS
cr. n. wood,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
BRISTOL. VA. 4 TENS.
WILL PRACTICE IN THE COURTS
of Washington, Scott, and Lee Coun
ties, Va., aud Sullivan and Washington,
Tenn. Particular attention pakl to cases
in bankruptcy nnd tho Collection of Claims.
Office West end Nickels House.
aug 14 18U8
H. M FOLSOM,
Attorney at Law and Collecting Agent,
aug 14th, 18C8, tf ,
A. J. BROWX. S. J. KlRKFATRICK.
BROWN & KlRKPATRICK,
JOSEPH T. CAMPBELL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
"PRACTICES regularly in tho Courts of
I Washington, Smith, Kustell and Scott
Counties, in the Circuit Court of Lee Coun
ty, aud the District Court at Abingdon.
July 2t, 1808. Cm
J-B. MuLIX, O. C. KINO,
Bristol, Tcnn. ltlountviile, Touu,
McLlX C JUXG,
Attorneys at Law St Solicitors in Chancery
WILL give their attention to such busi
liosa as tnav be committed to their care.
Collettione in Soutli. H'ett Virginia and
East Ttnneetee Attended to J'romptiy.
Aug. 14, 18(58. .' '
IT. h. tokk, a. fci.eebson.
YORK & FDLKERSON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
GOODSUN-UUISTuL, VA. .
Will practice in the Courts of Washington,
Russell, Scott and Lee counties. OFFICE,
iu Lancaster building aug 14,y
R. LOVE, N. Xf. TAYLOR,
Johnson'! Depot, Ten. Bristol, Tenn.
T.flVT! Ar. TAYLOR.
Attorneys at Law and Collecting Agenta
Prompt attention paid to all Claims in
trusted to them In Hawkins, Greene, Wash,
ington, Carter, Johnson and Sullivan coun
ties. Kant Tennessee) and Washington coun
ty, Virginia. ' aug 1 l,y
W. 1ST. CHiAICSOrtT,
ATTORN KV AT LAW,
BRISTOL, TENNESSEE. '
TTTif.L nriictiea in tha Courts of Tcnne-
Y see and Virginia. Spooial aHentiou
to all bueliicus lu Bankruptcy, Olhce wet
And Nickels' House. , Aug.H 1H08 tf
V TO THE PUBLIC GENERALLY.
DR. TEMPLETON & CARTER, havhiR
permsiiotilly lucatod lu Bi Utol, Tenn.,
l.l .....uir..llo .niimini'lt to tllA Dllblic
HOUIU IV jH 'Jl f - -
- it., .I,.., ,.n.. -m. it. .w netMi&red td
. r,' :.. -il I.- wtllu.nti tin
U'OAl lUUCr, in ill iui""-! ---
'USD UI IHV Miuwi " J ' -
rmc-ly m-liicb he Wou unotl uccoifuUy
t . f I . I l,.vin,f a th Ar
il liUHiriH mm
i. i- . . i jm. t ia ..t Kt,.,i;.vin lit tit a uetm
lour to plao tlicm.4olvt'a umlor t.u'ir cftro
mi uoanutjiit. Taey will ulu givo ir
, . .PLSEASE3 Qr.TB f.VES,, , .
Ruoli i fitrabismufs, (cross-eyes,) Ptory
.1 iv...w.,..t fMlM.ltllM I llll..llMLl itiliS. ite.
V1UIII ' i
Vnrsous wisliiiig o place themselves uudor
. . litimit n.n- nrty'iiri lu.UI'd ill UIlT
own at a low price, or. if they preterit, we
VlKll iiiein mini uuu,-.
Jcatione promptly snwerd.
iddrvse TEMPI. ETON & CARTER,
Boa 10, Br'tMU.1, Tenn.
(Office iu tho L(uiccJt Building.)
vol iv; '
R, J. B. WINSTON
OFFERS his professional anrvioes to the
citiiens of Bristol And vicinity.
Residence at Prof. Winston s; 1st door
above Mrs. A. K. Moore's. aug28,3m
DR. WM. N. VANCE,
LATE of Kingeport, resides in Bristol.
lie will attend to professional calls
from town and country.
OKr ICK, in King's Illock first door on
the right up stairs. nng 14, -y
2)cntal Surgeon, , cws
ABINGDON, Va, CQIT
fC3" Visits Bristol every Friday and Sat
urday Olhce on .Main Street, one door
west of Emor'g Drug Store.
Bpa v t'jits Marion every other Tuesday
and Wednewlay. Ollice at Major Haller's.
a-ig. 14, IStiS. ly
DK. JOHN KEYS, M.D. D.D.S".
A GRADUATE in both Medicine and
Dentistry, but who devotes his time ex
clusively to Dentistry, will bo found at bis
ollice, at all times, except when profession
lio will visit Blountville on Monday of
each Court week. He will also be at Jones
ville, Lee county, at the Circuit Court,
Dr. II. M. Grant,
HAVING Just returned from Baltimore,
wilt visit Bristol on Friday and Sat
urday of each week.
Office next door to Ensor's Drug Store,
aug 1 Itf
THE R0SECRANS CONFERENCE.
Beluctant Action of the Southerners.
PiRTtOOLARH OP TBB CoNRHLTATION
Thk CuRUhvipoNnENCB Lrtteb or Gen.
Rosl-obaks Uni'LT op Gkx. Leb ano
Othkr Prominkkt Soutukbnirm Peack
tub Wakt of the South Km.ationh ck
tub Two Races Scffraub aad tbk Con
dition OK THE NeORO RlUUT OF SlI.P
GoVKHNMKMT OllEIANCE OP THE CoNBTI
From Via llaltimort Sun.
Waphinoton, September 4. Well inform,
ed gentlemen, Just returned from the White
Sulphur Springs, tneke snch statements
cobcernltig tbe interview of Gon. HosecrAns
and Southern Genorali there aa put that
interview in a light in which it has not been
hitherto exhibited. Tbe distinguished
Southern gentlemen there assembled for
health and pleasure only, and not for any
political purpose, received tbe General who
tbat kindness and courtesy duo to a distin
guished otlicer, but aticipaied uo formal
conlerencc upon the political situation, un
til Gen. Rosecrsns himself began to pro
propound questions which tho parties ques.
tioned were compelled either to answer, or
by tboir silence to cause, perhaps, an erro
neous impression as to their views to gel
abroad, i'roui the best sonrces of informa
tion it appears, however, that these gentle
men would have preferred to have discussed
almost any subject rather than that Indica
ted by Gen. Kosecrans. They were upon
neutral ground, for, act ord log to tbe legisla
tion of Cougrexa, tho Stale of Virginia ts not
to be permii ted to p .rtklpatu in the presiden
tial eluctiou. Tuey lull, too, that tho r
opinions were already well enough known.
They had laid down their arms and admit
ted the conqnering power of tbe North.;
they bad fully accepted the situation and
determined to follow a path of true allegi.
hnce to tbe constitution of the -United
States ; tbey wore content to be the passive
objects wbicb the people of tbe North were
to control in their tilorts to orgiol.a tbe
government and put it upon au endnring
ba&U, and they therefore were reluctant to
being drawn from tbe retirement they had
voluntarily sought and placed prominent!; ,
and as central figures in, the contest now
in progress. They bad no desire to be the
means, positively or negatively, of creating
any new tsiua in tbe campaign, and were
not ambitions lu tbe preseut emergency of
being the authors ot'auy new pUuk for eiih.
er the Southern people or the domocratio
party of the country. They were intelli
gent gentlemen, who bad carefully noted
tbe progress of events, and did not believe
tbatthoir individual opinions as to South.
eriilMCllaiouispi Sc'turu probable sction,
woiiiu in the least atl'ect tbe geueral result,
for they knew that all in the North who de.
sired to lully understand tbe Southern sit.
nation and Southern eople could come to
an intelligent conclusion without their aid
at this time ; and tbey also knew well tha.
nothing they could ay wou'd convince tha
cloMiiuthe Nuitu who were wilfuilyblint
and dotermliied to recognize no truth froti
tha South unless It emluatcd fiom radioil
Kurce. .They bad no IdoA, when they tint
freely gave their views and opinions to
Gen. Uoecrans in hls-aelf-imposd mlshioo,
that what was dona would be digniUedby
the niune of a formal oonlerence, or that tue
Interviews would axiutue the Importance
Subsequently giveuto tbein by tho press and
people throughout tbe country. i
My informant is tutbtiud that if tbe its.
tinguUlied Southern geutlemun with wb in
Gt n. Uosecians couleired, hail the control
of tha whole subject, the rrsult of tbe inter
views would not bo made public at l.l
for the present. While no evil cn-q en.
see could possibly follow the publication, it
Is not believed it could bo productsve of
In consequence of the prominence given
o the whole aubject, however.lt was con.
eluded that something should ba said, Aud
hence a loiter was written in reply to one
from Gen. Kosocran", embodying views on
certain points, but, it will be seen, avoiding
All partisan reference. Tbis letter was
sigued llrsl by Gen. Leu, and sub-wquouliy
tl, other signmurea were appended, as
heretofore suted. Tha lollowlug is the
Om, Jlcrnfl..', iMlTi
Whit Sci puiu SriM. Weht Y, )
August 20, 1 iC8. S
General : Full of aoliciimle for the mture
of our country, I come wlih my beart iu
niy bsn l to learn the condition, wl.hea ami
itueniioiis of the peoplu of the Southern
SiAtrs i oSci ally U a oertaiu tha senti.
meois ol lli.t Utdy of otave, ene-getio aud
Alf-Acrcing men who, attr snatalning
the Conr,der.cy for !' 5er, '"'d down
tbulr aims and swore alleguniee to the gov
ernment of the United Siats,wluwe trusted
and beloved leader you have bn.
I we that iiiuirprelliig" States' rights"
to contl ot with national unity bs produced
AVtoleut reaction Against them, which is
drifting us towards consolidation, and also
thai so gwai a ejuutry aa owis evea now Ii,
certainly is to 1h, nn.t liava Itltate govern,
nieiita to attend o local di-tttl!' 8" "t"
aod (' woise.
BRISTOL, VIRGINIA &
It is plain to ns at the West and North
that the continuance of semi-anarchy, such
as has existed for tbe last three years in ten
States of our Union, largely Increases tho
datiger of centralism, swells our national
expenditures, diminishes oar productions
and out revenue, Inspires doubts of our
political liability, depreciates the value of
our national Dooaa and currency, and places
the credit of the richest below that of the
poorest 'nation In Christendom,
We know that our currency must be de
predated ao long as our bonds are below
par, and that, therefore, tho vast business
and coBimerce of the country must goffer
the terrible evil of a fluctuating standard
or value until we can remedy the evil con
dition ci' things at the Sonth. We also see
other tnischief quite possible, if not prob
able, io arise, inch as from a failure of
crops, is local Insurrection, and many otber
nnforsien contingencies, which may still
more iepreciato our credit and currency,
provoke discontent and disorder among our
people, and bring demagogical agitation,
revolution, repudiation, and a thousand on.
named evils and viilaincs upon ns. We
know tLat the interests of the people of the
South are for law and Order, and tbat tbey
must sl ire our fate of good and ill.
I boliBVo every one I know who reflects
beliovei that if the people of the Southern
States could be at peace, and their energy
And god-will heartily applied to repair the
wastesof war, reorganise their business, get
tbe frwdmon peacefully, prosperously and
con tewed ly at work, invite capital, enterprise-
ind labor from elsewhere to come
Ireely amongst them, they would soon re
build iheir ruined fortunes, multiply many
fold t'a value of their lands, establish pulic
confidence in our political stability, bring
our government bonds to premium, onr
curreicy to a gold standard, and assure for
tbemmlves and tbe whole nation a most
bapp; and prosperous future.
ing Ibis, aud how all just interests
coneir iu Ibe work, I ask tho ollicers aod
soldiers who fo jght lor the Union, ask evry
thinking man of the great West and North,
why eannot be done f
We are told by those who have controlled
gjve'nment for tbe last four years that the
peope of the South will not do It. Tbat, if
ever done at all, it must be done by the
poor, simple, nueducated landless freed
mea. snd the few who, sgainit the public
opinon aud sentiment nl the intelligent
whita people, aru willing to attempt to lead,
and make their living off these ignorant,
inexierienced colored people, mostly men
whemust be needy sdveulurers ; or without
an of those attributes on w hich reliance
for.food guidance or government can be
placid. We are told that this kind of gov.
erauent must be continued at the South
untl six or eight millious of intelligent, en
erg tio white people give into or move out
of lie country.
, J ow, I think, the Union army thinks, aud
1 pie of the North and West, I dare say,
heieve,.there must be, or there ought to be
a siorte'r, surer way to get good govern,
mint for all the South. We know that they
wto organized and sustained tbe Southern
Ocufederacy for four years against gigantic
eBirts, ought to be able to give peace, law,
orier andgprotection to tbe whole people
of tbe South. Tbey bave tbe interest and
tat power to employ, protect, educate and
el vat a tbe poor freedmen, and to restore
tkimselves and our country to all the bless
ia;s of which I bave just spoken. The
ipest ion I want answered is, " Are tbey
wiling to do Itf"
I came down to And out what the people
of ihe South think of this, and to ask you
what tho oflicers and soldiers who served
it the Confederate army. au1 the leading
pioplo who sustained it, think of tbeje
1 come to ask more. I want to ask you,
ii whoso pnrity and patriotism I here
express unqualified confidence, and as
nany good men as you can conveniently
consult, to say whAt you think of it; and,
ilao, what you are willing to do About it?
I want a written exprension of views tbat
an be followed by a concurrence of action.
. want to know if you and the gentlemen
vbo are willing to join in that written ex
mission, are willing to pledge tbe people
jf the Sonth to a chlvalious and magnani
mous devotion to restoring peace and pros.
perity to our common country. I want to
carry that pledge high above the level of
parly politics, to the late oflicers aud sol.
diers of the Union army, aud to tho people
of the North and West, and to ask them to
consider it, and to take the necessary ao.
tion, confident tbat it will meet with a re.
spouse so warm, so generous and confiding,
that we shall see in its sunshine tne rain,
bow of peace in our political sky, now
so black with cloudi and impending
I know yon are a representative man iu
reverence and regard for the Union, the
constitution and the welfare of the country,
and that what you say would be endorsed
by nine. tenth ol the bouth, but I should
like to have tbe signatures of all tbe repre
sentative Southern men here who concur
In your views, and expressions of their con-
ct'.rrcuci. from the principal otucors ana
representative men throughout the South,
when tboy can be procured.
This concurrence of opinions and wills,
all teuding to peace, order and stability,
will assure our Union soldiers and business
men, who want substantial and solid peace,
aud cause tbem to rjse above tbe level ot
party politics and take such steps to meet
yours as will iusure a looting peace with all
its countless bleslngi.
Very truly, your frlond,
W. S. RoSKi'RAXS.
Gen. R. E. Lee, White Sulphur Sprimg,
White Sulphur -in, W' Va ,
Aw). 26, 18t!S. )
General : I have the honor to receive your
letter of this date, and lu accordance with
your suggestion, I have conferred with a
number nf geutleiuen from the South, in
wh!e Judgment I bave contlded, and who
are well acquainted with tbe publlo senti.
nient lu their respective Slates. They
have kindly consented to unite with me in
replying to your communication, and their
names wUI be fouud with my own append
ed to this suswer.
With this explsnation we p-oceed to give
to you a candid statement of what we be.
lieve to te tbe sentiment of the Southern
people in regard to the subject to which
you refer, '
"Whatever opinions may bave prevailed
In the pst iu regard to African slavery, or
the right of a Stale te aocede from the
L'tiUn, we believe we express the almost
unauliuous judgment nf tlio Southern peo
ple wbea we declare tlmt they consider
that tboe questions were decided by the
war, aud tbat It is their Inteu'ion, In good
failh to abide by tbat decision. At tbe
clow of the war the Southern people 'aid
down their arms aud ought to resume their
founer relations with the Uulted Sutes
Through tbelr State conventions they
abolished slavery, and annulled their nidi,
nances of seceaiion, and they returned to
their peAeelul pnriuits wlib a sincere 4,4.4-.
iHw to l'u 'U I all their dutlei under the
touslUuttlou of tho I nited iStates, which
TENHESSEE, FRIDAY,' SEPTEMBER 11, 1
they bad iworn. to snpport. If their ac
tion in these particulars had been met io a
spirit of frankness and cordiality, we be
lieve that ere this old irritations would
have passed away, snd the wounds in&lcled
by tbe war would hsve been in a greet
measure heAled. As fAr as we are advised,
the people of ths South entertain no nn.
friendly feeling towards the government of
the United Stales, but the complain that
their rights under tbe constitution are with,
held from tbem by the administration
Tbe idea tbat the Southern people are
hostile to tbe negroes aud would oppress
them if it were iu their power to do so. Is
entirely unfounded. Tbey have grown up
In our midst, and we have beeu accustomed
from childhood to look upon them wita
kindness. Tbe change in the relations of
the two races bas wrought no change in our
feeling towards them. They still constitute
the important part of our laboring popula
tion. Without tbelr labor tne lands of the
South would be comparatively unproduc
tive. Without tbe employment whiali
Southern agriculture alfjrds they would
be destitute of the menus of suosUtonce,
and become paupers, dependent ou public
Self.iuterest, even if there were no high,
er motive, would therefore prompt the
whites of the South to extend to tho ne
groes care at. J protection. Tho important
fact that the two races are, under existing
circumstanced, necessary to each other, is
gradually becoming apparent to both ; and
we believe that but for influences exerted
to stir op the passions of the negroes, the
relations of the two races would soou ad
just themselves ou a basis of mutual kind
ness and advantage.
It Is true that the people of the South,
together with tbe people of the North aod
West are, for obvious reasons, opposed to
auy system of laws which would place the
political power of the country in iliu hands
of the negro race. But this opposition
springs troni no feeling of enmity, but from
a deep-seated couvtction tbat at present
tbe negroes bave neither the intelligence
or other qualifications, which are necessary
to mske safe depositaries cf power. They
would inevitably become the victims of
demagogues, woo, lor selfish purposes,
would mislead them to the serious injury
of the public
Tbe great want of the South is peace.
The peoplo earnestly desire tranquility
and the restoration of the Union. They
deprecate disorder aud excitement aa the
most serious obstacle to their future pros,
They ask, a restoration nf their rights
under the constitution. Tbey desire relief
from oppressive misrule. Above all, tbey
would appeal to their countrymen lor the
re-establishment iu tbe Southern States of
that wbicb baa justly been regarded as
the birth-right, of every American citi
zen the right of self government. Estab
lish these ou a hrm basis, aud we can safely
promise on behalf of the Southern people,
that they will laithfully obey the constitu
tion of the United States, treat the negro
with kindness aud humanity, and fulfil ev
ery duty incumbent upon peucelul citi
zens, loyal to the constitution of their
We believe the above contains a succinct
reply to tbe general topics embraced in
your loiter, aud we venture to say, on bo-,
half of the Southern people, and of the
officers and sailors of the late Confederate
army, tbat tbey will concur in all the senti.
mouis which we bave expressed.
Appreciating the patriotic motives which
bavu prompted your letter, and reciprocat
ing your expressions of kiud regard, we
have the honor to be, very repecttiilly and
K. E. Leo, Va. B. C. Adams, Miss.
G. T. Beauregard, La W. J. Green, N. O.
A. H. Stephens, Ga. L. E. Harviu, Va.
A. H. H. Stuart, Va. P. V. IMniels, Jr. Va
C. M. Conrad, Ls. W. T. Sutberin, Va.
Linton Stephens, Ga, A. B. James, La.
A T Caperion W Va. T. Beanregard, Tex.
John Echols, Va. M. O. II. Norton, La.
F. S. Stockdafe, Tex T. P. Brance, Ga.
F. W. Pickens, S. C. II. T. Kussell, Ga.
W. J. Robiusou, Va. S. T. Douglass, Fla.
J. K. Anderson, Va. Jeremiah Morton, Va.
W. F. Turner, W Va J. B. Baldwin, Va.
C. H. Subee, 8. C. G. W. Bulling, Va.
E. Fontaine, Va. Tbeo. Fiournov. V.
J no. Letcher, Va. J as. 'Lyons, Va.
To General W. S. Kotecrans, Minister to
Meilcv, Vblte Sulphur Springs, W. Va.
From tbe Baltimore Stin.J
Curiosities of tho Tcnnensee Posi
tion. The Tennessee militlA bill, as has been al.
ready stated, passed the lower house of tbe
Legislature ou the 2 Gib, ultimo, by a vote of
47 to 1G. The prominent features of the
bill are that it authorizes and empowers tbe
Governor to organize, equip and call into
active service, at his discrimination, a vol
unteer lorco to be known as tbe " t'ennes.
see State Guards ;" to declare martial law
in auy couuty or counties of tho Slate, aod
to quarter bis troops within any county or
couulies so doclared under martial law, and
maa.ng it his duty to assess and collect an
amount suflicienl for their payment out of
the county or counties so declared uudor
martial law. It was shown iu a protest
against the passage of the bill, sigued by
Messrs. Jobu Woodward and W. M. John
son, and in some brief reasons givoa for his
vote sgainst the bill, after its passage, by
Mr. Williams, that It violates the constitu
tion of tbe Stale of Tennessee In live ditl'jr
eat sections, but its unconstitutionality
seemed to be looked upon by its advocates
as a matter if very small consequence.
"For tbat matter," said one m them, (Mr,
While, of Green county,) wuo appears to
be oul.Kluxing tbe Ku-Klux, "it made no
great dill'orence whether it was constitution
al or not." It is, indeed, a most extraordi
nary measure to be passed at any time, es
pecially in a time at profound peace. Un
der it the Governor will bave power, by tbe
declaration of martial law, to shut up the
civil courts, suspend the writ of habeas cor
pus, and subject life, liberty end property
geuerally to tbe will of a despotic command
er. It was also shown to be opHsed to a
section of the Tennessee constitution which
provides that "uo money shall be drawn
from tha treasury but iu consequence of
appropriations made by law," whereas a
no Ion of the militia bill provides that the
Governor may draw upou the State Treas
urer lor any auiouut, provided he does uot
draw at one time more than Ul'ty ihousaud
dollars. An uusuierble srument was
also urged against Hie provision of the bill
that the couutiea where the militia are Its.
tioued shall be assessed for au amount sulll.
cidut for a full payment of tbe ni.lilia so
stationed, and that the assessment shall be
made by tbe Goveruor, It was argued that
tins could be viewed In no other light than
that of an additional tax, whilst aectioo 28
of article I of the Teuuesee consutu loo
provides that the "taxes hall bo equal and
uniform throughout the State." Mr, Dow
dy, one of tbe republican members, moved
to strike out so much of this section as to
quires the counties Ut py tht expenses, as,
be said, he did not want the people or his
count) , who were loyal, tsxsd lor mch a
purpose, lie said tha only persons who
were giving trouble in his conntv were from
Kentucky, lie considered It the dnty of
tne BiAie to att.ird the necessary protection,
and Added that should the bill pass in Its
present shape, he was willing to subscribe
nis snare to test m the courts tbe provision
referred to. Yet tbe bill not only passed
the House by a laige majority, but under
tho operation of tbe previous nnestion. thus
cutting off all opportunity for discucsing its
merits or propping: Amendments thereto,
just twenty having 'soon sufllciunt to pnt it
through. In the Senate, which ts said to
bave more ability, ami perhaps not so many
extremists, more deliberation bag been
shown. Having pssed its first reading In
mat nooy on the XJtti, it was referred to
tbe judiciary committee. . A resolution was
slso adopted on tbe same day by the Sen.
ate, calling for the Appointment of a Joint
select committee to wait upon President
Johnson, and present bim tbe condition of
ait.kirs lu lenuessee, and urge upon him to
take steps to give protection to the law.
Abiding citlr.ens of the State tinder the pro.
visions of the constitution of the United
States. The Action of the Senate in adopt
ing this resolution is thought to indicate a
wliolesome temper In that body.
.It Is a very remarkable fact that whilst
such a monstrous measure as tbe Tennes
see militia bill is urged in hot haste through
the lower house of the Legislature, the on.
ly place in Tennessee where United Slates
troops are at present required to enforce
the laws is in "loyal" East Tennessee, and
the Nashville Union states that thjs is par.
ticularly tbe CAse In the district represen.
tod by Horace MaynArd, and In which Gov.
rnor Brownlow resides. It appears that
the internal revenue collector lor that dis.
trlct has been compelled to apply for Uni
ted States troops to enable him 10 enforce
the law regulating the distillation of liquors,
and a company of cavalry has been station
ed at Knoxvllle for some time psst, sobject
to tbe call of the collector. Gov. Brown
low, Judging by cue of his editorial articles
in tbe Knoxvllle Whig, seems to feel a good
deal of sympathy with "the poor East Tea.
nessean (radical) who makes one tun of
corn whiskey aud is arrested, imprisoned
and broken up," whilst be would extermi
nate bis political oppoueuts If he can flud
the slightest pretext for fixing upon them
a violation of law,
Amoi'g the papers which bave been pre
sented to the Tennessee Legislature in con
nection with theso procceedings ts one sub.
mitted to tbe Senate by Mr. Liudsley, and
which covers a correspondence between Mr.
George W. Allen, of Sumner county, aud
Mr. J. B. Hobday, sheriii' of the comity,
touching the alleged disorders in tbat couu
ty, which la said by Mr. Allen to bave been
more misrepresented than tn any county In
tbe State. Jn reply to Mr. Allen's questions
tbe shorilf states that be has never encoun
tered any difficulty in the execution of pro.
cess, never apprehended any resistance In
tbe performance of bis duties, never doubt,
ed but that if he were resisted he could
command sufficient assistance from the cit.
kens to execute all process, and does not
believe there Is anything in the conduct of
tbe peop.e tbat calls for a militia force.
Mr. Allen giveg in bis letter an account of
an armed body of colored men, tinder tbe
command of one J. N. Philips, which ap.
peared in Sumner county, on the election
for chancellor, oa the 28 ill of March last,
and wbicb is of Interest as illustrating the
manner In which the militia bill, if it be.
comes a law, will probably operate, and also
the intimate conneclion that seems to exist
between loyal violeuce and financial rascal,
ity. It was not until tbo citizens bad in
formed Phillips of their determination that
tbe ballot-box should not be taken posses,
slou of by an armed force, tbat be agreed
to withdraw his forces from the Immediate
vicinity of the polls, and tn this way peace
and order were preserved, though a great
many voters were so ioiimidaied by the
presence of aimed men tbat they did not
vote. After the disbandiuent of the force
Mr. Allen statos that Phillips made out a
fraudulent pay-roll, giving each man credit
for more days' service than any of them had
performed, and crediting three men for one
horse each for thirteen days, when the mea
themselves swore tbey bad no borse. Cap
tain Phillips, no doubt, had got his brain so
thoroughly Ku-Kluxed that he seea imag.
inary horses iu bis own command, as Well as
among the rebels, and makes his Imagina
tion profitable. At Any rate bo seems to
bave got a warrant, In payment of horse and
foot, on the county treasury for $2,500,
which be placed in tbe bands of a huckster,
loyal, no doubt, if not bonest, who paid
tbem off in goods at exiorbltant prices.
The case of Mas. Scrratt. Jfevt.sr.. Ed
itors: Gen. Ilun'er's card, and tbe allusions
ts tbe case of Mrs. Sirs t by your Wash
Ington correspondence, revive the hope that
the day is not far distant when tbat "poor
woman's" fate will be more deplored by that
portion of the public who accept the maaipu.
lated evldaoco of a military commission or
ganixed to convict, and who carried tbat
intention so far as to object to iha compe.
tenry of the unanimously confirmed minis,
ter to England to appear as counsel for the
"poor woman" In question.
When the truth Is all nut, tbo world will
know thit witness 'S for the prosecution were
cursed, threatened and charged with par.
ticipAtton by otllctais oecsusa tney were not
swift to answer affirmatively leading ques.
tlons when examined privately, and to ao
cept suggestive statements; aud others, sbi v.
ering with fright, were petted, protected and
paid, bdeause, day al'lvrday, lueir memories
brightened f and the "poor woman" was
If General Hunter tried to save her from
hanging, he previously bad dally heard her
cUmkiruj cliaimi In the court r som as she was
helped in and out, so manacled tbat she could
scarcely move her limbs, and this, too within
the thick walls of a penlieuliary, with a
guard of a regiment both luside and out.
A paralell to 1 be case of that "poor woman"
in inanicles,tchilt on trial, I defy a'iv oue to
show In any Christian land. Jusrti E.
alfiinorrt Kan Sept U(J
We extract tbe following from tbe
speech of Mr. Valbiodigbam, accepting
the nomination for the 3rd Congressional
district of Ohio. Uo knows tha issue
and be states it ;
As a candidate I represent the views and
feeling! and purposes of tbe parly, and tha
men who demand that thn further domina
tion of the UnlicalKHpiililt.au taction, wlih
its military dospotlsma; lis negro govern
ments; Its disregard of 'he Constitution;
it hate of the old Uuion IU high oppress
ive tar ill'.; its burdensome aud vexations
taxes; its enormous and increasing gvurn.
ment debt ; Its exempli in of tl a rich Ir.nu
eqnal taxation; Us demand of guli fur the
txiudholder aud paper for the people ; its
gg.ntli peculations, plunderiiqis aud cor
rup'ioiis; and its uw.i pr.-tiiguti aud x-t'-avagaut
expenditures in lime of prol'ouud
peace, shall come to an eod forever, (Lond
sheers) Whoever of either party thinks
that these things ought not any longer to be
endured, cannot hesitate as lu bis vote ; for
these are the questions of the present aud
she future. JApplanse.!
O. A. Townsend, the radical bnt readable
newspaper correspondent who bag no a-1 mi
ration for Stonewall Jackson, says that Gon.
Lee " is the Immutable respectability tbat
I cannot disprove, diminish, nor despise.
Striking out of sight his original treachery,
he is tbe most perfect union of manners,
honors morals, prudences, that I bave ever
nuilied. Here at Lexington," contluuea (J.
. T., " ho seldom mentions the war. It is
history elsewhere, silence to bim. His ed.
ministration of this college la a more perfect
success, If possible, thau his handling of an
army. lie lakes the personal bond of very
many of lite students tbat if they ever be
come able they will pay for their tuition.
Ills life is In bis acts, aod not in his char
acter. And yet with all this owned, there
is no msn 1 dislike more in tne south
in the light of Republicanism and the
American future, lu tbat straight car
riage, mellowed gray hair, and composed
face that is beaaiuul now, there is no .,n
Cession of sympathy with Petnnrratio alms,
no A mericao saliences of character a sub.
Ject's content only In the Church aod State,
not a citizen's equal aspiration aud popular
praise. Ills pride ol race makes him sen
sitive to his word and honor, and be held
Virginia's disapproval to be worse thau
America's. While he is no Renins, big
soldierly clearness ol head aud thorouiih
noss of otwdience exempt bim from the in.
flrraitles of more brilliant minds. lie fails
with grace and conquers with dignity. His
name lu tne South, is more potout thau
Washington's was slier his victorious war.
But Lee is a negative great man ; an execu
live ; no statesman aud no gcnoralizer.
wss told by one ol bis aidei-de-camp, yes.
terday, of a icene at Antietam. The aid
was ordered by Gen. Lee to take a com
raaml, and , while on his wav, he saw Robbie
L,ee, ihe Ueneral s stripling son, riding the
" lead " horsj iu tbe ltjckbridge artillery
lie 1010 Lree, on nts return, 01 Bis son's posi
tion. "They've made a driver of him.
Major, have tbey t " be said, with a twinkle.
Well, I think he'll do," "There's Kob.
bie now, General," cried tbe aid. The
battery came by, horses sweaty, men grimy.
wagons shivered. The boy said, tn a sort
of undertone, " Pa, are you going to send m
in again 7" "res, my wo; goint" The
battery went to tbe front at a gallop.
The Custom of Burning the Dead
A letter from Jspan ssyg 1
The burning ot tbe dead Is largely prac
ticed among the Japanese, and of the thirty.
uve amereut forms 01 worship practiced
here all equally false but two demand
burial in preference t incremation. My
acquaintance with the mode of burying the
ooad is limited to two lunera a, wlnoh cas
ually came before my notice. On oue
occasion I was returning from a walk, aud
my pain led nesiue woe or tbe little oeme.
teries near Klobl, in which a small party
was gathered. It was tbe hour of auusei.
A filling time for An event of tender sorrow,
Tbe mourners were dressed -entirely in
white, which contrasted with tha jaudv
robes of a small group of priests. The
corpse, in its Inclosure, lay upon a bier, and
an ottering or green rice and of flowers was
made as though to the manes of tbe dead.
Then came the beat Ire of bells And the
clang of cymbals. The receptacle wbicb
contained the corpse wag ghsped like a half
barrel, and In this tbe dead was placed in a
sitting posture, and all vacant places were
tilled with comrmstiblea.
Tbe filendsnow all gathered ronud it
and commenced a low, plaintive cbaut, so
monotonous that it seemed merely tbe ri pe.
tition of a came, which I suppose to have
been that of one of their deities. Tbey tbta
separated, and only a few romslned to at
tend tbe final service. Tbe receptacle or
coflia was placed over a stoao trough and
covered with a heap of fuel. All gathered
in a close circle, and the nearest of kid in
this instance a wife) applied tbe torch, and
aa the names ascended tbe monotonous
chant aud the sound af the cymbals were
renewed In mourufnl concert. Excessive
grief was decern ly restrained, except in tbe
case 01 a little hoy, about ten years old,
wbv wept piteonsly, and was taken aside to
be comlorted. The group broke, and -one
after another departed, leaving tbe wife
anove reterred to an ne, tbe linage of sor
row, and apparently uuable to tear herself
from tho asheg of her husband.
Underwood and the Virginia
JudiclurgA liudlcal Defaulter.
Tbe Baltimore Gazette's Washington cor
respondent, in bis dispatch of the 2Cth Inst.,
The present judiciary of Virginia hsvs
unfortunately rendered themselves exceed
ingly obnoxious to bis honor Judge Unier.
wood, of the Uultod States Distsiut Court,
It appears that Judge Thomas rendered a
a decision adverse to the Interests of some
of Judge (Underwood's railroad friends,
wmcn aoMion was suosequeuity confirmed
by the Court of Appeals, and a nsandate is
issued to carry the decision of J udje Thomas
This was highly objectionable to Jndai
Underwood, who arrested tbe proceedings
and set aside the mtudaie.. Nut satisfied
with thus nullifying the proceedings of the
State courts. Judge Underwood sppea'e I to
Secretary Schotiuld, oa Monday last, to
dismbs all the judges of tbe Sao, mat es
tablish a new judiciary mora in b un ony
with the views of the Federal juge. Gen.
Seboneld heard tha propugitlon patiently,
but he appreciated the modesty of tbd de.
maud more than he did the reasons on which
it was bssed. The result was, be res, ted-
fully declined removing the Vlrg uia judges,
It will be remembered that the ate Kadi.
c il collector al Norfolk, Va., sin removed
from office in consequence of the sa p cloi
that he was not as honest as he ml jut be,
and Col. William Solden, late inarslul of
the district, was appointed in his place.
Col. Selden having taken possession of the
ollice set about making a thorough eismi.
nation as to Its financial c n.lMon, and be
now reports to Secretary MuCulloiigh that
his examinations tbns far hv, disci sed
frauds to the amount of 82M,OQO, 01 d to
what extent they may reach be is as present
unable to say.
Sot'THKRN Miliiu. A general order.
Just issued from the War Department, iu-
eludes tne r.iliowing extract Horn the army
spproprlatiou hill, passed the last susaioa
of the Thirty-ninth Congress 1
" Be it further inavUi, dc, Tbat all mil.
Itla forces uow organised or in service In
either of the States of Virginia, North Car
olina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Al
abams Mississippi aud Texas, be forthwith
disbsudod, aad that the further organ',,
mm, Arming or calling Into sirvlcuof tna
Kiwi mill ia forces, or Any part thereof, is
reby prohibited, uuder any circumstances
whatever, until the sauie shall b autl r
Izad by Congress,"
The publication of this extract Is Inland.
ed as an explanation of me refusal of Seo.
rrttry Scbotielii to furnish arsas to the mil.
Itla of the Southern Stales oa the applica
tion of the Governors, aud for the Informa
tion ot tbe ollicers nf tbe army now on du
ty lu the South. -fial.imoif Sun,
(TEN Mil Eg K-AIB A Ml'SAB.)
One square, first Inserting,..,... 4... f I.A0
Each subsequent Insertion,... ....... 74
tLj" A liberal discount for standing ad
vertisements. Cf Obltoe-y notices over fonr lines wl),
be charge at advertising ratea.
" JOB WORK
Wilt be neatly and promptly execntod.
Having provided onr office with all tha
laaterlal necessary for doing good work,
wa appeal- tn the advocates of borne In
dustry for a liberal share of thuir patronage.
BLANKS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION
ALWAYS ON lUNO,
Or furnsibed at the shot-test notice, at aa
low rates as they can be bought elsewhere.
. THE 8KTLAEK. '
A writer la tbe British Standard thai de
scribes tbe authoress nf tha lines given be
low ; Janet Hamilton ts above the middlo
height of women, All blind of one eye And
half blind of the otber. A black silk band
kerchief is tied round tbe extinct ora-ao t
on her head she- wears an unfashionable,
but spotless white Scotch mutch ; and she
is dressed in an unfashionable, but seal,
clean gown of a sober color. Her -fane Is
an excellent specimen of the longlsh anil
best type of Scottish feature high, well
developed foi li ead, with good breAdtb,
hAndsomely shaped Romanish nose, ana
flexible, expressive lips, and really speak
ing mouth, and a chin of that peculiar
breadth which is understood to indicate do.
j clsion and vigor. I bail seen her portrait
and read her poems, while In Imagination X
had pondered much over tbe old woman
eloquent victorious over the countless ills
of a lengthened and laborious lite ; teach,
iug herself in old age to write in order that
she might put on record the thoughts Ihe
fancies and irrepressible imaginings tbat ,
sought to be released flora the bondage of
half a ceotnry of silence. The lines were
suggested by tbe singing of a caged skylark,
and the reader will discover tbat tbe otber
skylark is Janet herself, who, being nearly
blind, is in a measure caged.
"S weet minstrel of tho Summer dawn, ' .
Band of the sky, o'er lea and lawn -Tby
rapturous atitbem clear and loud,
Umgs from the dim and dewy cloud
Thau swathes the brow of infant morn, '
Dame Nature's first and fairest born.
From grassy conch I saw thee spring, '
Aside the daisy curtain fling,
Shako the bright dewdropg tioui thy breast.
Preen thy soft wing, and smooth tby crest
Then, all tbe bard within thee burning.
Heaven in thine eye, tbe dud eaitu spurn
ing,' Tbon soared and gong, till lost on high, ,
Io morning glorias of the sky I
. Not warbling at thine own sweet will,
Far up yon 'heaven kissing bill,'
With quivering wing and swelling throat.'
On waves of ambient air afloat :
Not so I saw thee last, sweet bird :
I heard thee end my heart was stirred
-Above tbe tumult of a street.
wtiere smote and sulphurous gasseg meet j
Wbera night and day. resonds the clamor
Of shrieking steam, of wheel aod hammer
A Uabel rude ol many a tongue;
There, high o'er bead, then blithely Bang,
Caged, -'cribbed, condaed,' yet, full aud
As silver Jate. fell on mv ear
Tby jojous song; as void 0 sorrow
As when, to bid Ibe son good morrow,
Just rising from big couch of guld,
Tbou snog, and soared o'er mead and wold. ,
Tby prisou song, O bird beloved,
My heart bath strangely, deeply moved,
Iu reverie, a waking dream
Steals o'er my senses, aud I aeem
The joyous girl tbat kuew ao care,
-wneu ilelds were green and skies ware fur;
Aud, sweetest of tbe warbliur throne.
The thrilling, guehmg voice of song -
l seem to hear an, 'its tne lark.
That, mounting, 'siogs at heaven' gate;'
These rapturous note are all LU own r
Bard of the sky, be sings alone I
bweci captive, tby fate be mine.
I will out languish, will not pine ;
Nor beat my wings agilust the wires, -
la vain regrets and strong desires
To roam again, ail blitbe and free,
Tbrougb Nature's haunt' again to tea
The blooming, bright and beauteous thing
That in her train each aeoooa brings :
Spring's bursting buds aad tender leaves,
Tbe Summer flowers, the autumn sheave,
Tbe purple bills, tbe shining streams,
Were lingering memory broods and dream ;
But, never more ab i nove more
To climb the bill or tread the shore
With loot untiring, iwia and free-
It may not nay, it cannot be.
Ah I cannot be I my eyes are dark,
A prisoner, ton, like thee, sweet lark i .
but 1 bave aougbt aud found conteut.
And so our song shall oft ba blent
1 singing in my hermitage,
Thou warbling lu thy prison cage,
Aspire thou to thine own blue sky. .
I to a loftier sphere on bigb 1"
Extent and Chaaactsr op tub Gnu
Indian Reservation. The Territory of
Wyoming, stretching 280 miles north and
South, and 420 east and west, contains with.
In iu boundaries au area of country almost
equal to three such States as Ohio. It la
not generally tbat, notwithstanding this Ira-
mouse extent 01 territory U aald to ba the
territorial organutlion of Wyoming, never
theless the United Ststos Indian Peace
Comm'ssloner have set apart nearly one
half by treaty with the Indiana for a reser
vation for tbem and their children while one
of the r tribes continue to exist. Yt audi
Is the case. Nearly tbe whole of tbe north
half of the territory bss been set apart as
the hiinting-jroiuid of the wild Indlaug. lu
tbig half ia comprti-ed a portlou of the
Sweetwater country, known to be full of
anrlrnrous quartz; the Wind River Vallnv.
tte Valleys of ihe Big Horn, Powder river,
sad the Northern Black Hills, which Are
the vi ry finest of our Agricultural lands.
The finest body of pine timber In the West
ts now growing tn this nonh-ast part of our
territory. Iustesd of fioitrUblng settlement
and manufactories, which should utilize
the e munificent bounties of nature, our
government has compassionately put bond
ti the onward march of civilization, and
g von 10 the heathen tho choicest portion f
.1 our new territory, uneymne Uar.
General Ro-ecratis left tha White Siilohur
Springs on Wedues lay fur Washington, ta
king with him au addressuud correspondence
to the repreHeiiUliv, s oflhe prajs.-but wilt
mala it publtoalihau address of his owr,
through tbe Cint a' Democratic Executive
Con m It- of Washington, Tha address I.
said to amount la aub-tanre to a proolaius.-
tion or the senilinuuts ol the Southern peo.
pie on the political situation, and I signed
by General Robert E. Lee, Lion Alexander
Stephens aud others.
Tna SrrTsau Aaasi.,. r be Wasbloa--
ton Star says "Lei tors received here front
members or Coogreas are almost unani
mously adverse tu a meellnc of Conrrest
In September. Mm of the members are
1-0 much absorbed in the borne eanvoas tbat
It Is deemed in be almoat a Matter of Im.
poasibilliv to get a quorum here la ease a
meeting should tie called. A sharp emsr.
geocy in the South might bring euough
here to do mulnesa, but unless something
lerioos should transpire there. It I a all
certain that no Suptmter aeasloa will ba
Th! Inviaks. St.Louu, aeplerober 4.
Aa Omaha nlmatoh says that it I reported
that a large force of Ciieyenua ludians are
movlnt north, intending to strike the Pacific
railroal bet were North Platte and Julet-
burg. Ova. Angur't iroops are eadosyorlug
to lutercept them. Tha government com
missioners hsve aocep'ad another section of
th Unioa Pocttle radcosd. A Denver dls-
islcb says tbat thru men were killed and
ona wounded by tbe Iudlan near Qoloradg
city yesterday. ,