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A " 4 -" ' A4 " . :; '''Mr''; ... .. - advertising rates
THE BRISTOL NEWS.
It I'MSIIED IX iOOs6x; .'
The Virginia portion of the Town
BY . C. C EEllEllT iowlek
i iriituc'l every Tuesday at $2.00 per an
num. It t fuiuiiUcl to cluljd often at $1.00
per copy. ' " '
Tie IMUor.iof tlic Nkws are not rc - r. - T!1
Me f or oriM."3 cspmted by corrcirii'l
tn(a. '-' i i i 1 1
niomU' l v illi neatness an4 Utiiit;h at
New Vnik pri'-e...
im-jwjjjj-j nj-i ... - fjjijl-)- Bsjiiji jL. !i m.mi-MH
TUESDAY, July 30, 1372. ;
itisimx i: to ;Ri:n.i:Y
IS 0triI CSCU TO (ilUM. -
l'.i:itn!0!ifs .uMi.'l.td X,y CV1. 'I. 1 1.
Dunn. V- predict li:it' lie
make tlie Campaign warm
: l'i-v, lu'jxj tht juiMiy will
liini lli' ir attention.
UovUTh;i! : i;
Mr. ('. A. Bitting, one of the, l"i in
ters of ll:c .Southern Viilricl, has
hecn rppoiiilcd Deputy I J. J, Mar
shall for l!ic Marion Va. Dist,
("ovcrnor !" 'Vut vor you do
HfalJi r.fn rioMJiisetit Itlati.
(Jul. "Win. JlendiTron French of
Men er ( ' unity V. . Va.t- elicd lit
I lis lion.c, near l'riiioctoTi, on Mon
day l:iht. lie lias Won in 1olli
Hou.vs .f llic V:i.' IiMlnrCj ami
was Col. i"tlio ITlli V:t. Clival ry,
limit r (ion. Jenkins. Those who
nre faniilliar with li'is lull person,
mi l i!iij"..vin nivsit i;, will hosur
iiil toh arn that lie dicil cf con-
Mini 'I in. AVo raw
I J:is at iho hier
w hi h.nl !'. 1 I' llio f
aiil litilo lli'n;:lt
llrin a ve.?r we would
an jc disease,
tlr.it' in'' lees
lo called on
to chronicle Ids fall at the hands of
the fame insidious or.einy: ; Col.
French was a man of many line
Ojiialilk'.'-. In personal apearanee,
v;n :.lhh tic and commanding,
1m ;h "iir, dinilicd, ii marine;,
llttrand plc.-usin. J n his county,
was coi: -oiciious fur hi.i worth
'l:iJ,'..tv 111--. !"( V !in il!-.-
- - ... -
1 l i estimate at ahuut 55, and,
a man ol meat
:md " ciil.
t nre, he
Rrvisf t rnterital Revenue
Yimmwsi.'tner DduuI-ks 1..". for
w ann'.l to tht Iiilcinal l!cv'nu' 3V
i:tt tint-lit i K nox villo, miiih imior
tunt niiK ii'liiiciits toiln revised regu
I.it ions coin-iTiiiii' (axes on tobacco,
simd'aml citrars, ci-tbraco'l. in . j :.. 1 11 1
Ict irMii! July I. -
i t announces I lint "a .' pccial lax of
t wcnty-li vo dollar:, is imposed iiio;i
very (icrxni vbost luisincss it i-, for
biiii-clt'oron coniniission, to -c!l, or
lootlrr fr.sl, r (-onijrn for f.-tlt'on
.omnii-si'in. ,.;if Jobacco ; jmd the
fi yini'ii t. of any I'llu-r ..(cci.il !axcs
iocs rriievtra person wlio .. als in
leaf tobai-c.. from payment of this
All lc:if-toba( (: l alcr w ho docs
not pay this (ax. and who i-s not a
manufacturer, b"-omcs a retail dealer
in leaf tobacco and liable to pay a t-pce-
i i! tax as such, winch j-peci:l tax h
n-t :it o'-0, tinh-ss (beir !nial sales ex-
ill winch ev. nl they
for an ad.-!;t ioii.il i;ix
" f fi y rents for cvciy dollar in ixcor
.fsl,uMI of tlieirsales."
A retail dialer i.s di lined as oji who
wlls leaf loH.-iceo in packages less than
an ori;:ina! hogshead, case- or bale, and
v lie, m lis to persons ol her than dea
tei, let have paal a special tax as
"Any person w ho sells or offers to
.m II fod l liver manufactured tobacco,
niuirnr cigars, traveling from place,
in the tow n or throimh the eountrj,
is rvj;arded as a peddler of toba'Co.
Agents of iiiaiiu fact urcrs w ho take or
deis rTierily, or sell by samples, but do
not deliver the goods, arc not liable as
Peddlers t ravelim- w i Lit more than
two I'.op-cs or mules, are tuxed S"ii,
those (raveling will, two horses Sli".,
t hose with one vd-3, and foot )cddkTs
are taxed "fl't.
This tax is to be paid r.t once, and
on the first of May ot each succeeding
Farmers and planters for pclliiif" to
bacco of their production, or that re
reived as rent from tenants, are
not liable to a tax as dealers. The
farmer is not rwjuircl to pack or prize
his tohnrvo, before oiri rin it for aale.
If, however, the fanner or planter sells
directly to consumers, or ili-poscs of
his tobacco to persons other than those
who have paid the special tax. cilltcr
as leaf dealers or as manufacturer., kir
exporters, he (the farmer) bceoincs li
able lo the special tax of ioOO. "
The peddler of tobacco is required
to pive a bond of . iS-,tH)t.iat he wiil
conform to the lar. and, in violating
it, incurs the liability, of a !iuo of not
less than J-loo nor more than .f-VM. ITe
i als rc'iuircd to have a conspicuous
sin, civin his naino. Iiusiness. and
district, and all liissalea mut hoof
original and uuhndceii packages, a.s
the same were put ii by manufactur
ers. A (' i ii pen Ii ii hi of (lie History ol
tlie I'nitrd States.
T.Y Hon. Ar.KX anokia II. Stktubxs
of CJi:ok;ia. t !
The above is the title of a lok to bo
issued this week, w hich is destined to
create a sensation, lis author is a
statesman, w ho, having been identified
with the history of our country for
nearly two neiieralious, brings to Ids
task an experience such as is pos
sessed by few of the w riters of the Use
ami who treats his subject in a man
ner at once fascinating ami iuslnie
tive. The bok should be in every
scl'.ool-nNiiii. and in every library! in
the rnited IStates. It is (!, History
of the country, its unmanned Inidy,
its crvadin! spirit ; a Vilc M viii
to Im.Hi student and statesman ; a ne
cessity to every one who wished to
know w hat has leen done, an 1 w hy
it has boen done, by those w lio made,
aid those w ho have administered the
government of these sUite; to every
school-room, that the youug inayj
learn the true principles of th L;overn
went which wiw instituted by their
Ion fathers, and crow up. coiiotiluonts
worthy of jjood repress nt.iti ves. i Ho
educate the younrt nd there will If a
ic:u.-n:t' lc pro.-po t ot uul icfornii' in
- - f - -
IPUJU"1!. . UBS
tlip n'lministratiou .of Uitir govern
w ; ;r i
The volume 12ino 51.1 pafres, w ith
inim rous ilhi'-tratioiis is Ix-aiiLifnIIy
.rinUtl, !ind tastefully anl slror.jjly
bound. l'riei, ?l,.r)D. If not to ! Iia'.l
at the JM-al hiKik fcitores, the pnhlislicrs
vi!I M-ndil liy inuil. .ost-iahl, on re-n-ol
of th.' ji'ri..f. -K. J. J f a lf. & Sox.
l'ul.lis.hers, 17 -Murray street, New
York. . ' : v .
GREAT MEWS FROM THE STARS.
Important Discoveries by Dr.
' IlKiKins The Vvloriry t llic
Stars rtlcasiired by the Spec
f rscppc- Remarkable f;wts
" ' ut Stars .iriftiug throuIi
(From the .Sptitor.) , -
At the last meeting of the Koynl
Astronomical .Society, Dr. lluj-ins,
tin? eminent spectro.scopist, made an
extraordinary statement respecting
t he mot ions taking p!aei" anion. the
stars- The results he announces are
so wonderful that it will be well brief
ly to explain how they have been ob
tained, as well as their relation to what
had formerly been known upon the
subject. Our readers-are doubtless
aw are that the stars are not really fix
ed, but are known to he travelling
swiftly through space. To ordinary
observation the stars seem unmoviug;
nor indeed can the astronomer recog
nize any signs of motion save by pro
longed observation. Kut if the exact
place of a star be carefully determined
at any time, and again many years la
ter, a measurable displacement can be
recognized ; year alter year, century
after century, the motion thus deter
mined proceeds, until at length the
star may be removed by a considera
ble arc (or what is so regarded by as
tronomers accustomed to deal, w ith the
minutest displacements) from the po
sition it had formerly occupied. Hut,
in general, these movements a (lord no
means ot" estimating the real
KATF. AT WHICH Till: STAK3 AUK
through space. 1 n the first place a star
might be moving with enormous ra
pidity toward.-s or from the earth am
yet seem to be quite fixed on the star
vault-just as the lightof a rapidly ap
oi oachiiig or rcccdiiu train sca ms t
occupy an unchanging l osition if the
train s course is at the moment m t!
direction of the line of sight. It
onl v hat mav be called the thwar
motion of the star that the astrono
mer can recognize by noting hte
displacements, r.utevcn this motion
he can not est imate in miles per see
oiul. sav unless he knows how far
ofi'thoiiii is : and astronomer:; know
in truth very little about fdellar dis
lances. ZS'ow it seems at f"ut sigh
altogether hopeless to atten. I to nicas
ure the rate at which a star is ap
nroachim- or reeedinir. !No change of
brightness could be looked for, nor in
deed could any observed change be
tin ted as an evidence of changed di
tanee, since lars nre liable. to real
ham'-cs of brilliancy, much as our
tin is liable to he moie or less spot-
niai kcd. J5;:t
Till: MSTAN'C F.S OV THE ST A ITS
arc so enormous that no-eoneei vabh
rat" of aonroaeh or fcccs.sion could af
fect their brilliancy disceruibly. - Only
the nest rapid thwart-motion, yet
rn-ogniyed would carry a star over :
sj ace eipial to the moon's seeming dl
am. Icr in -rio vears. so that a corres
ponding motioa of recess or approach
would only change a star's distance to
about the same relative extent, and it
is ol.yious that such a chamre could
not make a star, even in that long pe
riod, chance appreciably in bright
ness. It w ill seem, then, utterly in
credible that astronomers have learned
not merely whether certain stars are
receding or approaching, but have ac
tually been enabled to determine res
poctim- this kind of motion what they
can not determine respecting the more
obvious thwart-motion, viz., the rate
at which the motion taices place.
This is rendered possibly by what is
known of the mature of light. Iji&ht
travels through space in waves, not as
a direct emanation. Now. let us com
pare a star's action in emitting such
waves with some known kind of wave
action, and w e shall at once recognize
KFFIXTS OF VKllY HAPID MOTION OX
Tin: staii's r-Ar.T.
Conceive a fixed paddle-wheel turning
at a uniform rate in w ater, ami tnai
everv blade as it reaches the water
raises one wave, that wave Unng
transmitted in a given direction. Then
ihcic would be a succession ot w aves
separated from each other by a con
stant distance. Hut suppose the paddle-wheel
itself to be carried in the
triven direction. It is clear that after
one blade has raised its wave the next
blade, descending in the same time as
before, will reach the water closer to
the preceding wave than if the pad
dle" wheel had been at rest ; for the
moving w heel have carried the blade
closer, so that now a succession of
waves w ill result as lcfoiv, but they
w ill have their crests closer together.
And obviously, if the wheel w ere car
ried in the 'contrary direction, the
wave-crests would lie further apart
than if the wheel bad been at rest.
-Thus reverting to the s.tars.We infer
that, it a star is approaching, the light
which comes to us from it will have
. . its wavls e losei: touj:tiii:u
than if the star were at rest, and vice
versa.' Now the distance betw een the
wave-crests of light signilies a dill e
reiicc of color, the longer waves pro
ducing red and orange light; waves of
medium length, yellow and green
light; and the shorter waves produc
ing blue, indigo and violent light, .o
that if a star were shining w ith pure
red light, it might by approaching
very rapidly be caused to appear yel
low'or even blue or indigo, according
to the rate of approach; . while ix a
star were thining with pure indigo
light, it might by receding very rapid
ly be caused toapiicargn-cn or yellow,
or even range or red... 'Hut .stars do
not shine w ith pure colored light, , but
with a mixture of all the color of the
rainbow ; fo that the attempt to esti
mate a star's rate of approach or re
eessiou by its color would fail, even
though we knew the star's real color"
and color-changes. The sieclroscop
ttt luid, however, a much, mora deli
cate means of dealing with the matter.
The rain bow-tinted streak forming a
star's spectrum is crossed by known
dark lines; and these serve as
VtUlTAIib-: MIM'-MAKKS FOH THK
' SPKeTUoSClMH'tST. 1
If one of the lines in the speetruia of
any blar Ls seen to be shifted toward
the red end, the observer knows that
the star is receding, and tliat sw ii'Uy ;
if the fcliift is toward the violent end,
he knows that the suit ij swiftly ai
pro.u hing. .Nov, Dr.?, If Uiud Lai
been able near I v 1cm .years ago to ap
tf '! BRISTOL,. VIRGINIA &; TENNESSEE,
ply this method to . the case of lhe
bright star Sirius, through hi instru-.;
mental meatus were not then suftlcient j
to render him iiuito certain as to the
result. ' Still he was able to announce
writh some degree of confidence that
Hirius is receding at a rate exceeding
twenty miles per second. "Iu .order-
that he might extend the method fo
other stars, the Hoyal Society placed
at his, disposal a fine telescope,, fifteen.
inches in aperture, and specially aibin-
ted together as much light as possible
with mat aperture. Suitable spectro
scopic appliances were also provided
for the delicate work Dr.-llutrgins was i
to undertake. It was but-last vlntcr
that the instrument was ready for
work; but already Dr. Jluggins has
MOST WoSIjEnFCL. NEWS FKOM THE
with its aid. I He finds tli.it' many of
the stars are travelling more swittly
than halt baen supposed. Arcturus.
for example, is traveling towards us at
the rate ot some fifty miles per second,
auu, as his tnwart-motion is lull v as
great (for tliii star's distance has been
estimated), the actual velocity with
which he is speeding through space
can not be less than seventy miles per
second, uiiier stars are moving witn
corresponding velocities. Hut amidst
the motions thus detected, Dr. Hug
gius has traceil the signs of law. First
he can trace a tendency among the
stars in one part of the heavens to a-
proacJi the earth,, while the stars m
the opposite part of the heavens are re
ceding from vs; and the stars which
are adproaehing lie on that side of the
heavens toward which Jlershell lorn
since taught us that the sun is traveh
ing. Hut there are stars not obeying
this simple law, and amongst these
Dr, recognizes instances of that com
munity of motion to which a. modern
student of the stars has given the
name of .......
It happens, indeed, that one of the
most remarkable of the incidents re
lates to five well-known stars, which
nau ieen particularly pointed to as
forming a drifting get. It had been
asserted more than two years ago that
certain five stars of the Hough or
Charles' Wain the stars known to
astronomers as Heia, Oamnia, Delta,
Kpsilon, and Zefa of the (treat Hear
are drifting bodily through space.
The announcement seemed to many
very daring, yet its author (trusting
in the mathematical anat'sis ot the
evidence) expressed iiiujuestioaing
approaching or all receding, and at
the sine rate, from the earth. The
result has iustiried his confidence as
well lu hi. theory as in Dr. lluggins'
mastery of the new method. Those
five stars are found to be all receding
from the earth at the rate of about
thirty miles per second. This result
at once illustrates" the interesting na
ture tf Dr. lluggin'b discoveries, and
IT.OMI3K OF FUTCUE REVELATION'S
even more interesting. Theories hith
erto accept respecting the constitution
of the stellar universe have been tried
against the views recently propoun
ded, with a result decidedly in favor
of the latter We may feci asuivd
that the matter will not rent here. A
simple and decisive piece of evidence,
such as that we have described, win
invite many to examine airesh tin
theories respecting the stellar heavens
which have so long been received nil
ciueslioninlv. .The theory of star-
drift is associated with others eoually
well of being put to the test. H e veil
ture to predict tha: before many years
have passsed. there will be recognized
in the star depths a variety of consti
full, hi .111.1:1 t 1 1 nl.-v if v ot :irr:i ice-
imin i n. compicAoj o, ----
,ent start hug contrasted vi(h the
meral uniformity of structure recog-
nized iu the teachings at present at
Colonel J. 23. Cook.
The gentleman whose name appears
above, is now in our city. He is a
candidate to fill the vacancy on the
Supreme llench. occasioned by the
resignation of Hon. T. A. 11. Aclson,
Colonel Cook stands at the head of
his profession, in East Tennessee,
where he has practiced for more than
twenty-five years. He comes to
V est iennessee strongly indorsed by
the bar and the people of his end ol
the .Mate where he is best known..
He has had but little oppcrlunty to
make the personal acquaintance cither
of the members of the bar or citizens
generally in this end of the Suite, and
conseoucntlv has. to. rely upon the
reputation he sustains, both as a law
ycr. and a gentleman in that'-portion
ol the Mate w hich has been the thea
ter of his labors during las w hole life
Without ' el isna raring the claims of
Judge -McFarland, we can say of a
truth to the voters of est Icnncs-
see. that should coionei i ooi; oe cicc
ted to tlie posit ion lo which he aspires.
au able cllieient, laborious and upright
Judc will fill the vacant scat of
Judoc Nelson. . .
Colonel Cool; lives in Chattanooga,
Judc eader;ck and Judre JIcFar
land both live in the same section of
Kast T cmiessco. The citizens of the
western portion ol Last lennessce,
where Colonel Cook rc.ides, tluiitC
that one of the Judges should justly
-. . i . a 1
conic trom tnat secuon. a cara,
ncd b)r eiuite a number of llic mem
bers of the bar of est . Tennessee,
was published in our paper some days
since, speaking in deserving terms of
the capabilities ol Judec Mcrarland.
Whilst the Iriends of Colonel Cook
arc willing to accord to Judge Me Far-
uid all that is said of him, they at
the same lime claim for Colonel Cook
ne inferiority in any ef those attri-.' I
e.iles necessary to fill the highest ju
. , : , . . . I
licial position m Icnnrssee. and the
jar and the people of JjasCTcr.ticssce
V 1 - .- ' T . . I I 1.
Would oe lar ironi i:.jct iininauon ue
tn ecu' Judge McFarland and Colonel
Cook, at least to the prejudice of the
The fact is, no man stands higher
and enjoy a moru enviable reputation
than' Colonel J. Burch Cook. He
lands' and has sto'txl for a Viiiarfer of
a century iu the very front rank of the
profession.' Should he be elected, he
w ould adorn the 'place once filled by
a Bcccc, a McKcnny.-and a' Aelson
McuqJds Aj'iiu. ''- - . '
JOII WORK of ;JiLii.iL Jiea'
executed af the isrcw.' f f:k q.
c .niKicnce. jie assenci. ino.eovc, me supporters and projectors ol liie event of his hypothesis bein" uufoun-
that whenever Dr. lluggins applied various North Polar expeditions expa- ,i ,(1 ,,.:., .i,,, .,, x?a
the new method of rcscrch he would tiatc upon the great geographical dis- dV; obt- the true cxpla ntion
liud that those live stars are either all coveries w hich tliev exnect to bn made ot the tacv.3. It is an adnr.ttca lact
GOING TO THE POLE.
The A relic 'Kxpddll tons of 1S72-
Their Countries and Leaders
Austria vSifedcri, United
Vctermann. Xordenskiold. JTall
Is There an Open Folar Sea ',
. For centuries a strango fascination
has jiossessed the marine and geo
graphical portions ni civilized coin
muiiities for North Polar expedition..
Like the alchemists of old, no failures
in-the oast damn their ardor in the
present. Though nothing lias been
recentiy discovered to ureed new iaitn
in tliem, our sanguine contemporaries
appear confident that they arc destined
to succeed where all their predecessors
have met with disappointment.
- COMMEnCIAI I'KOJECTS.
In the past these polar . expeditions
were' perennially renewed because
their projectors and supporters believ
ed in the great commercial advantages
to bo reaped from their successful pros
ecution .Then with slight knowledge
of the topography of physical geogra
phy of tho arctic regions depicted very
grax'hically need we say untruly
the shortening of routes to and from
American Europe and Asia by a .sup
posed North West . passage. These
chimeras are now all given up.' No
one expects that the slightest good
would accrue to the commerce of any
country by such discovery were it
possible, which it is not. The most
that is now expected in this direction
is tiie finding of large and accessible
whale and sea' fisheries. - Oil and
whalebone are always in demand, and
many shrewd people have looked for
ward to an increased supply of them
as the result ot these seemingly aim
less and hopeless expeditions. There
arc many reasons lor thinking that
these hopes may someday be realized,
though it is not by any means certain
that if good whale and seal fisheries
re found far to tiie north in the
open" polar sea that the cost of a
transportation exceptionally ditlicult
may not overcome the expected prolit.
THE eiEOOK.Vl'HlCAI rKOIJI.EM.
Hut while the commercial advanta
ge to accrue from arctic discoveries
will be very small in the future, and
are at present wholly hypothetical.
through them. Many well-informed
navigators believe there is an open po
lar sea ot great extent, reaching clear
around the woi I.f, above about h- de
grees of north latitude. Others again
are sure that, that portion of the globe
is a continuous ioe-iicld, while some
lew arc witling to compromise the
matter by admitting the existence of
considerable bodies of water, current",
tec, in those high latitudes. b"t leny
ing a:i open polar sea extending clear
around the" globe. A' successtul ex
pedition to that point would settle this
controversy. Jt would define at least
iu its main outlines the northern lim
its of land and ice it there he any
and the southern limits of open sea-
if there be any. The strange meteo
rological phenomena ot that portion
or that unknown region tne scnar
hah)-, the auroras, &c. are besides to
be observed. There are many reasons
for believing that currents of immense
force find their w ay from the pole to
the iS'erlh Atlantic Ocean currents
which it is assumed have caused the
failure of many polar expeditions. A
successful trip to the pole would settle
this matter also. Ibis In lei and im
perfect statement shows the main ch
jects for which geographers, phy.-ical
J , toiKsrai.UiJilf pniecuti arctic r
THE AUSTRIAN EXPEDITION.
have tiio Austrian expedition, which
started a couple of weeks ago. It w ill
be rememoercd that this is the same
party whoso route last year was in
dorsed by Dr. Petcrmann, the editor
of the Mitthcilunrcii and the geograph
ical autocrat of Germany, and whose
complete success was proclaimed by
him w hen more cautious and less in
terested people knew well that what
ever they had lounu nicy had not
reached the pole. This party did sue
eved iu finding an open sea ami the ob
ject of the present expedition is the
further navigation or u and the explo
ration if possible of the Arctic. Ocean
to the north of Siberia a portion of
the globe almost entirely unknown. -"
c. i ,i.,. 4i, i. ,. .
"overland" expedition of the elistin-
guished Swedish navigator. Captain
. L. rvordenskiod, who, as will be
seen from the appended note, does not
believe in an open pol-if sea. 1 he lte-
cordin; Secretary of the American
Ucosraphical Society (Dr. E. It. Straz-
n:clv) has received a letter from or-
denskiod, dated btockhotm, June 1, in
which, alter returning thauka lor to-
ciety honors, he proceeds :
In a few weeks 1 start for tlie Arc
tic retrions with an xpedition inten-
dins to winter on Seven Islands, IS pit z-
benren ( SO deg. 40 min. north latitude)
and from thence to reach tho JSorth
Pole by travelliii'r with sledges on the
ice. rou pcrnaps Know- mat i ao not
believe in an oicn polarsea.
b ranee, after her stru:-:'Ie with uer-
many, is unable to lake part in the
1.Airi'i.i J til ttlO lMlli"
u nable total
. " . ... 1 .... .... .. I
Cai'Uiiairs expedition winch leu I
our shores last year, will not probably
be heard from until next summer.
Tllli l'AVY rcxi'EWTiox.
Tlircc or four weeks before the Aus
trian expedition sailed from tlie dei-
man Ocean a party of ln)ld explorers
left tho (ioldcii (iate the lirst that
ever Failed from it on such nn errand
to profecute a simil.if enterprise,
expedition is a novel one iu many res
peels, ou:y iwo oi wuiin we win men
tion. J i is entirely a personal enter
prise. Its leader has riot sought State
aid nor received the least financial
sistahce from Tiny one outside of his
r : 1 .. ll. ,..i,r
own family. Whet!ier, therefore, it
hiieeeeds or fails no one's money but
his who directs the operations will
have beuii mpiaridered. In the second
place, the route which it is proiMsed
to follow is untried. .No expedition to
the North Bole has ever even thorn-lit
of attemplinf? it." The dange rs appear
ed too great aud the chances too small.
fs briefly as follows: It was atfirst the
1 intention of M. Octave l'avy, the leud
! er of this novel expedition, to Lave ta
ken the steamer to , okoliama, and
there chartered a vessel to take tho
party to a joint on Li-ilet or Wrangel
I.aii' caiuns ou me way at i-ein.ju-
IvVoki iC other Siberian Setllenu-nU.
In view, however, ot tlie elelay which
would almost necessarily take place in
finding a suitable vcs.sel there. M. Ta-
vv i li.uteii.l a csocl at' rS.tlv.i'4iaei-
- . . , , I ..,--...,
co, w licit i c ne ai.nic i a:'.-.i u. j .uu
- TUESDAY, : JULY '30,
of May direct: for.! Petronaiilovskj. i
When he reaches there , ho intends to
uwfc iui rucie purposes, WUH tue Ilt?C-
reindeer, skins for, clothing... AVhen
his equipment Is ; 'entirely Completed,
wnrcn ne expects to he about the lt of
August, he proposes to sail for Helirmg
The raft, variously known nt!ie
Monitor or Nonpareil, which M.'l'avy
takes with hiin to navigate the open
polar sea. and if possible to; Teach the
pole, is made of fOur hollow India-1
rubber cylinder? ( water tight of course)
twenty-five? feet in length, upon 'w hich
when connected with ilauk, a- spare
leck protected from the weather, can
he constructed. When, fidlv ri'"red
there will bo two ma-ts, onwhiiUe;-
as3 c-ru inamougui, van ue spread
to propel the craft from four .to he.vm
Knots uh hour., 'Una cratt wheii ready
for the .water, wUl weigh about athuus-
and pouuds, and, will be capable of
carrying a ueau Weight ot 10.000
liounds. Ten minutes, it.ij thought,
w ill be sufficient to unload tho cvlin-
ders from the sledges and preparo them
iui lauueiiiug. una' in me waier, it
is anegeu that (japtain Mike h experi
ence snows mat such a craii is more
manageable than an ordinary sail-boat.
Hubbcr boats, as is well known, have
been used in Arctic expeditions for
year.. 1 he lightness and portability
or mis ran are much m its iavor. .as
no whale-boat could be carried bv so
small a party. ... .
M. Pavy estimates that about forty
or nity uugs win hesuilicient to trans-
port all his material. It is not improb
able that if he can obtain suitable rein
deer he will take them instead of the
dogs. . Hie former ho could kill and
preserve for use in his voyage in case
he finds an open polar sea ou which to
launch his bark, while he would have
to turn the latter loose on having no
more tue for them. Tne crucltv of
such a proceeding, except in case ot
necessity, would doubtless operate m
favor of the alternative proposition, if
ii can oe carried out.
AX HYPOTHESIS ABOUT LAXt.
Ilio character of the expedition
docs not permit of any elaborate oo
servations of either the atmosphere
or the currents in luosc high lati
tttdes. O.ie conclusion to which M
i avy s accuiate study of artic gco
raphy and research has led him, ..lie
hopes to find confirmed.
that, generally speaking, all norther
ly currents tend to t!u cast and all
southerly currents to the west. Hut
; do not tell us of anv
normal strong set to the cast round
I'oint Barrow; hut, on the contrary,
represent a steady current as sctttng
strongly westward and northward
past Cape .Taken. Tlie only avaihv
oie explanation, m. l avy thinks, is
10 oc iouiut m tne presence ol a
large continent, which' presents a
barrier to tiie normal eastward course
of the Black Stream. The ob.sci va
tions ot Sir Bobert JlcClure, at
Bank's Land comparing the condi
tion of the ice near the northwest ex
treraity with that oi the remaining
western coast ol tne island can on
ly be explained by the presence of
land to the westward, which acts as
a barrier to the heavy polar p
it . - r .
and en: cots t.ic course ol that icy
current east, through Bank's Strait,
toward Lancaster Sound. M, Favy
argues that this land must be con
tinuous with that which is known to
cxi.it oil' the northeastern coast of Si
bona Jvel.ctt Land a continuity
demanded by the absence ol any
known currents setting from the north
in the space between Point Barrow
and .Bank's Strait. I hat the w es
tern coast of this land conforms al
most to the parallel of longitude up
on w hich its southwest cape is placed,
he believes is supported by the oo
scrvation of Wrangell and Ilenden-
stroin, who found the polynia, which
so effectually barred their progress
father to the north the more westerly
their attempts were made. lie also
conjectures that this new land ex
tends very considerably to the north,
at least to the parallel of deg., if
not. perchance, to 8.) deg., as the
drifc-wood which is supplied by the
icnan rivers is iouiut on llic pitz
bencn, Jan Maycn, and east Green
land coasts, and not on the northern
shores of the Parry Islands and the
regions lying north of Smith's Sound.
the rr.nsoNAi. effi:cts
of M. l'avy consist of a fine set 'of
photographic apparatus, with the
dry plate process. He has ; calcium,
and nngnesiuui lights by which to
take views during the artic night.
The collodion plates are placed in
boxes perfectly impervious to lisht.
water, and air. uy means of a pat.
ent shutter one of 31. l'avy's inven
tions the operator can take plates
from these boxes, and, altcs they arc
withdrawn from the camera, return
ll.nm ... ll.nl, nn.-liln,. ..r!.! mi-
-"-" " nKuwuicApra
ing to the light iu transitu.
His wardrobe has been selected
witn care. He w ill wear next to the
kin a fnicly-wovcn flannel undershirt,
ind over that a vestment ofCIiiucsc
silk ; another fianuel shirt will inter.
vene, and on the ouiido will be a
suit of heavy tv.cctl, lined with fur.
His boots, caji, stockings, xc., have
been made to order, and arc of the
most suitable matenal?, for artic
travel. He carries a United States
llag, presented to him by the Ameri
can (Jeographic.il Society ol this city,
which he proposes to wave in triumph
over the -oniiinal pole, alter' which
he will return to Europe or North
America by the ihortcst practicable
route. V .
Saxii.1. Stolk.-. - Aluex Pr.i!T. '
ARCHITECTS AND.-v;- I:
33 U I L D E R S ,
SlIOl, ejKsite new rrnitlcuce ot
liev. U. A. Caldwell.
Buildiiis erected in whole, or in
part. Houses repaired and strict' and J
prompt attention to fill carpenter's
wort:. i u -i-eia:;j woik guaranteed.'
June II, 1-r-.--tf. ,'.
I I.T, Cww.
E. G. Mulilor.
(jWllT mhhlpr V ' 10
.'.TT ..! mu,,0 W.-vU.-
;JtV 23 Sostv 'Etiw 'Street,
V i Ofpoaite (U. Jc O.
' : . . ; J5A LTJMORE-
-r'I-"i!ro.t.l Tr.ict In froi.t of W:.-tbtraJ.' - '
fAr, p.. ...J.OXE:
' ; ( 01 Toimcssuc. ) .
YnnHiTi Aliphihti fcvPii'
rC!,-.Hr K. JfAru,(, n"n, R. Yrtim." FraiiS-Y
I K :AIUmn, Horace g. littiitvJ.w U. I r
i il.iMillur, JiU;i I. Trimiil ( A. Jn-f
l kins, J"'iii I,. S. i. Irrt in, Albi rt Cmriii. 1
irin,V'T fc 4-r -
.1 ?!f Jr- UlliiiilO
JdBBEiiS'OF DRY GOODS
Nos. (i7 & iS Chestnut,. ...
and ttM & cJ Jaync .Streets,
rillLADELPIIIA. - : '
iT..t. l.-tf. clrnj
JanO 9 i-lir-.J JhIt':I.
s CU UJi C ll S Til EE T,
E!:iHf'.i. later.. W. SOIVIM.T-. JT-ii-j.,
loir f'ii .lit,; r..
A iri ASHIMITOX ll.ll'JM. is a liiilll...l
i aiini-r in t,,n uiiM.,,.,,!, r saiJ ll.m..,.. 'i . l,u.
ncss win ,c cunducU-J unJer tlia ic and Erin il
L. V7. SCOVILLE & CO.
. THE UEDUCED HATES OFJ
( -" (nl roir for I!e.vipt ;-! SriTEa, and
7.1 e enls. f.ir I'ix.vfb I will !; cc.:iiiun.l.
wo :iK for Id,: Nor Cimr.-rii it rnnMiin:i!ln of tlie
r.io-,ii.:ii. i. my ! n.-iidd ami iUb I'ui.lic. 1 .
ilav t, , M if- T. c. s. Fnianrsox.
Erf TAB L I S 1 1 F. D 1S5.
,.c,l Siiilo CLOTH I VU Ware.
J. A. J5UCKXE11,
WEISENFIELD & CO.,'
Jobber of Cloths, Cassimcrcs, Vcxiii:;s
C'ioda aJ'fjilcd to JRn's Utt;;-.
21C Ciluiiiorc St.
Jan. 12. ly.
MARIOX, Sinythe Co., Va.
A11 IcIiuU of CnBtlns- k.'j.t op liiiml or m
promptly to orJrr. Wo ImTa a Uri,'.. Tariijr of
IMtteriui li.r :itr w ip-cl . nii'l .Mill r-:truij mi.l
pay especial atU'iilinu to Hint branch of .ur bui-
Jan. 12. '72. tf. C. C. COOEH. It CO.
1 HI Oil FA y T TO OWXEHS
MILLS AND WATER POWER.
rnilE BinWrilicr, a practical Mii.LWuuniT,
1 oilers I:ih p.'ilestuotu.l scrvicis to till in
need of w-ork in Li:i line, llaviii'i I tuiuc.l
an Aftncy t'"r the n:le f N. V. I.uiu!i;im':.
t'cleliriileitll iuuxK iieki., will fiuansli ami
T'lit up tho eanie, w.-ii r.iutiiii in tvurv j.ar-
tieular to jio.yeJS the uwer of aay ovi r-slict
under nnr piren lic:l. l'ainiihiuta anl ike-
criptivc list free. AJdroKs
June 7. Iui. L'lit-tyl, Tcun.
. B. Krsii,
D. T. I ATTlilC uS,
HOME, GIUN" CO., TEXN.
This company W I.k-"l..I nix intl.-s X-.rtTi tf
Orcui.viii... Tiny Is ire Ui.i'r Faci'.rv ihov in tun-
nin oi-tor, Ct up with iicnr an.l compt. to
-. . i Uooluu Ardcliin'ci'y.
Thfjr am nT fri-iiir'-J to r-cc
Alaiiulalure llio .iu.v into
Eoll, Yarns, Jcan.i, DutukLv;
' ' .Tweed',' ll'iinkctn,
LliiM ja, Flan.v A;, tCv.
Th bImito . ('mil a.iT irn,o to da Firsl-tTi- s
W'oUK. ati.-t tiLtraiitotf to tivo cutirs aatislactiuu.
.alta lu, ujii.
COL. KINO ha.i ejuite a number ol
Choice It Hi Id in;- Lot)
w hich were not li-poscd of ;.t the "I'.ig j
bale " Iat i all, all of W j tie L he proim-
ses to sell li-foro dirw is cut on the Cum
berland dap Load, at terms to suit
pureliasers. I'arli. s .de.-irin;; selet't I
buildin.i site?, should secure them Oc
'ore tto Jca r r; la vp. Apply to
1. r , iJAILhi, Att y.
JIareU 122,-tf. '
2001185. OF PUR? EXTRACTED
HONEY" at 72 f-2 cents j.er pound,
in Barrels containing lUU-lo i i-acii.
! June 21 3m, .. - LV Tcnn.
TestcJ Italian 'Qncen Bess
AND FELL COLONIES FOB .SALE.
rill Queens warranted pierc.
. i Circular sent I ixe .-,
; j Address li, II. KINtl,
1'iiion PejMtf, Sullivan Co., Tci:ii
ApiilTJ.- t-m - - i "
... f . . , 1
No. 362.) ' ' No; 50.
Bristol Business Cards.
or Goopsoir. va.
Commenced Business Hay 15, '71.
Gold, Eilyer. Uncnjreit Bank Notes,
Stocks aaJ Boad3 and Exclango on
. . BiJlimore, PLiladetyhla ard iiew
. . York Eoulit aii-J Sold.
Collorf form uinde n all the 1'rlnrl
p:l Ilies, u nil In S'.Miih-uost )r.
Kninr And East Tcnnc stc.
JlONEY UECEIVED on DErOSll
( REVES.L'E STAM PS Fli SAL ,
E. ' IL H ENEK 11IJ, Preisdent,
.. . i ' - JriMoi, icr.nessee
.. W. W. JAMES, ('..snier.
j.ay d; i.i.
THE VIRGINIA HOUSE
Bristol-Goodson, Va. & Tenx.,
WlIEKLEli THOMAS, late
v . the " llionias Ib.i;-e." Hrist,,
announct to his friends and the Pul
ne mat he has taken the aiove well
Known Hotel, sitnaied near the De
pot ot the ligininia irc "Tennessee
uanroad and lias oi.oue.1 it for lb.
accommodation of v isitors and i'asseH
gers, whether by rait or private con
veyance. The experience of the Pro
prietor in Hotel keeping warrants him
in saying that his House shall in all
respects compare favorably with Kirvf.
Class Hotels of this country.-
A GOOD STABLE 1
where Hordes, Hacks and Buggies may
oe secureu ai iveasonaijle rtes and a
A GCOD BAR
and meals served at all Hours. Xi
pains w ill besi.ared to make the 'MiesU
ot the House comtortable
J. WHEELER THOMAS,
Late of Thomas House,
Bristol, Ten n.
Eiicoutii'je Jlviiie 31 nufactitfe.
WE AUE NOW IMIKPAUKI) TO FURNISH
.ill kiri.l. i.f C AS ri Mis iii ..ur 1 in.'. Ami t. .1.. l'n-
-liin will. prtiiip(ii,.Ai. auU ii. ll.u hct tn.ii.in-r.
I,lr.-l liuiuli-T of 1'l.irw.. CiE M'll... f ..it
'"'"I. ilXo.. Sill 111 CO.
Jul 21. 1S71-
. Hitkbiird. A. illincr.
HUBBARD & FILLIK5EE,
AVIXt. f.irr.icl a j p.rtncrliip f.r the
jurii,e ot carrying in
tkr s I.i'sixkss, we oiler ir
ferv.ceH to tlie iSiztus ot li istol-iiimlson
and the Kiinou inline c.iuntry. -lnr piivuii
al attention v ill t.e i n to tho ilrai;i" f
1'laus and the enetion of r.uil liiiv. Key
ing on a long and siKeos.-lul i xiiericin e in
the 1'iitinij.s we ttlieve we tau give t.iiio-f.ii-tioii.
May 17. If,
G U N S
Rifles and -nistols
, maii: to o::ii:n
In llio J3o.-t Miutncr.
G I'NP, III Vt.VS A X I) IMSTOT.3 KOIt S. I.E.
CAlf, AXI CAltTKIlMjKS of all Kind,.,
for loins and I'iMols. line r.iwder.
n -wa.l.l tncr. Slo-t a.i-1 Too.-li' , r,.r.l. r-
Mmk. Ki..jr" r.-i-i .r..f i: rinrt I...i.)
Ou.: iltck..I .hi I r-jMir!, K!ll- t.i.l ai. l ia
1'airml. K - JiituJ.
s. o. risiiKit.
Nov. ID. tf Main St. J'ristol. Term.
. cli:wf:vl Ki'l.. 2.
E. 1). IIADEII, .
J. is. n:ei:so.
t. r. rovrr.r-:
i!':;, M,.t k
vo:;k . ruLKii;.-.';
uu. w...v vM'i,'
J. W. T,I"1IAS.
II. A. BICKLEY,
? ALL KINDS OF FUIINITU11E
a0ODS0:j-BRI3T0L, Va. &Tenn.
A supply of FIK'S PATENT J1K-
TALIU CASI, nil hizes, mauufao
tured by W..M. Kaymorid 4: Co., No.
31S I'enrl Kt.,' N. Y.,'on hand and
offered at low fiirurea. .
March 8, tf.
MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHURCH.
I will receive MI tinti! the 10th r fy
Is.?, for tlio liiiiidini of iv I.AKf.i; l.im k
i'hi i.i a 1 70, on ikl M .iu street.'
All apidiralh.'i.- m.l t-n rnnde t ine.
April IJ tl. Z.L. H.lf::0N.
:ic a, i.i i i iiM'i'ii..!!
cncli tsur t lri(.!i, 1-t In-ii ti-n
'- ' " fvrcai-iisul't Ir.ii
Stsn lisg A.Ircrt'.-TTncnw contracted
upon Lm--.iAL Tkbm..
tSTOD'.TUAUY 5'JTI'.T..UTcr Svc Hr.ci
R'i't bo charge I for at Anvr ri ?xt h at; s.
'J rojcssioit'il Cards.
U. l. yokk,. a. M m:;;i:soS.
Y0HK & FULKEPiEOrf,
AITORNSY AT LAX?
UlHUSOX-r.liiSl Ot.t n. .1 Trim.
PRACTICE regulailv in in all U.A
Courts in V:u-hiin:t..n enntv. V:i .
inu in a-miigtoi! and Milliva:;
t'es. Tenu. and atiend te t.'ie rolh
of all claims iu tr' utlmot Va.
Oi-kk i:, on t'unVeil.in 1 Street Co.od-
son. a. si p 1
ELACKLEY iy rrAEHIlICZ,
A ttofiioy ti-r. t -La w,
Solicitors in Chancery,
VRisini., v.. i Ti:;o;.
Will practice in the'oint cf St.Hiv.'.u,
Carter, Wa-lunt. :! .tad li'cc'u: ivuuict,
TeiineLei-, and a-iiijii....!, n -iiii.i.
Also, in the t'i. tiiil tL-iut t.i the I nitej
M.-.te--f.'i-the iruutliWctUrti bi.-t. of Va. u.t
Abingdon. March. 17-ti'
Cjas. It. Vam t,
Uiist -!, Tenn.
. If. Yi'ih--.,
VATZUH a WOOD,
2 L HOL 1 C I T i ;.s J N CH A i C EI i V,
I3ritoI,Tcmi. Sc Va.
WILL praetiro in all the courts f.f lSii!!i
T:ir, Hawkins, Yin-. hin;;'.on, (mrno, Tinms
hoc and Wahiiii'toii. Seult, Lee, tliih.-oil. Vir
ginia. And intlie njireuic e'wurt at Knox-
ville, and the t'oint ol A; j c-L, at Withe"!
rV-rromrd attention rivca to the collec
tion of all 11 liiim.
JOHN E. i:URSON,
ATTORPJEY AT LAW.
rRACTICnS in the Fivcr.il (Y.u ti of the
snrronrnlin t'oiiutirf.. l'rotnpl Hticutiou
given to the collection of c!aii:!S,
(lilicc, Maiu fctrtct, la lr. Kiiior' Drug
Store. ,S.i lj '71 tf.
L). F. UAILEV
LWVYEU cSc NOTARY'
the Cmirtri at Atiniidox,
1'stii.k illk and Tm.oi.s
J:tn. :.. 'TJ. !y
JOHN C. SUMMEi;,
Wm.i, practice in the Count v snd t'irci:!
'otit ts of War hiri'ti n, .-oit, Si.i and
UnsccU. Akoiuthe tout t of A j-calp :inj
U. IMstriet Court.
special attention paid to suits in Tank-
ruptcy. Otlicc Maiu Street, Abingdon. Vt .
JOSEPH T. CAoiPCELL.
ATTORNEY AT LAV7:.
PRACTICES regularly in (he Cour oi
Wasliinlon, tMiiith, Uu-t ll niul J-coll
t.'o mties, in the Circuit t.'ourt of I.t'i-t ouix
tjr, nnd tUe Ui'rict Cou.t at ALing iou.
July 21, 18US. Cia
DR. WM. N. VAK C2,
"T ATii of Kincjaport, re .ides in llrirtul.
V.'i will atPnd to
rout town ati'l eoiihtrr.
Ui KICK, in Km ;'"litock
t'tc r'tit ut stairs.
PHT SIC IA1T
Olfers his professional s. rviees U I he
citizens of I"ri-toI-( !ood.,i.ii and iK-ih-b;rin
Ollicc and ! leni'li-ixe on ?.l.iin sin i i
at Capt. W. L. Martin's Ifou. e or D:
Bunting's Drug Stoic.
Dx ri. ZVI. Grant,
- A.N iii 1 mn. at his olin-e t ridjy an t
AN' !i.i f mn l nt Lis ollnri
Jtii'day cl each week."
i-Z '.''.' le'I" on Miia Clrm opj-witc rr
Feb. 3 If
SeS noo lim- ri'jr eorirM will. nr.
!iLe every Mm I i v, otlior .!:ij har t
found in my regular of.iec, Main street, I ': ii-
M.leiin. j;wi I2 t..
Faille Barter & Hair ter
' West end of Virginia House,
Has renovated and repaired i ts
hotisa for the accomimxl ilioii of -i -t'cmeti.
Neatness and dispatch i- I.
motto. IXh... ."O-i :
n'est End Xichcl House,
BRISTOL. TEN .
TSLULIU FQE, SAL
I AM NOW preparcltofurnicli l.ir-e .,i
litirof ljiif!-t my Kiln near '
M.irr Sin i Ill's, within ?4 mil. of I'.i i, t
1 will dviiver it if difiiel. T1. ft price :
le lower tban liort.ir,.n known.