Newspaper Page Text
OSKALOOSA, KANSASSATURDAY, AUGUST 3, 1861.
t f 1 r.i.
S FT V& TLa
f U wlcjmitat
J. W. ROBERTS, Editor.
SOBS W. DAY, Associate Editor.
WEDNESDAY, AUG. 17. 1UG1.
There arc two grand and distinctive
features of society, order and disorder,
law and mobocracy; and llic teiidency
of every act of individuals or commu
nities ia towards one or the other of
these antagonistic conditions; there ib
really no middle ground .though at first
view there might seem to be; for every
act bears its legitimate fruit.either govd
From these premises, which have the
eanciion of human reason and of the
Divine Mind, the most important con
sequences naturally grow; and what
at first may appear hatuilcss, or even
justifiable, a closer examination will
be found the reverse of these and most
unfortunate in its results.
In view of these things it becomes
every one who desires good order in
society and the sifety ol hi family,
himself or his property, to be careful oi
his own doings, in all things where
theie is not a cleat ly defined certainty
of being in the right, ior must men,
who ate always liable to be swerved oi
blinded by interest or selfishness, be
the sole judges of their own rigiits or
In n;w countries there are mauv
things which have a tendency to de
veloo the spirit of mobocracy. How
often.in the history of the bordcrs.liavt?
we the history of the combination ot
men into leagues called "Kegulators,"
"Committees of Safety" "Yigilants"
and many other names which this class
of associations assume. Indeed, out
whole border history is full of these
organizations and their unlawful deeds.
They usually commence on the plea of
elf-defense, or some other apparent
necessity growing out of the exigencies
of the times;, but almost invariably the
first plea or object is speedily lost sight
of, and what may have been designed
as a blessing aud a bulwaik to defend
our rights, becomes a monstrosity aud
an engine of tyranny and oppression.
It is safe to put down all 'attempts to
take the law into their own hands by
individuals or combinations of irvJivi
duals, as dangerous and much to be
feared, even though they rmy have th'
appearance of justicfatid be designed
to maintain aud defend the right.
There area few exceptions to this rule,
as where, in any given community. tin
lawless have either a majority or so
large a minority as to defeat the ends
of justice and render the execution of
the .law a nullity. A case of this Lind
occurred in the early history of Ohio
in and around Ross county, when-horse-thieves
became so. numerous and
the organization of villains so exten
sive, that no jury could be empanneled
without having some secret aud un
known members of the gang among ihe
twelve, aud thus by petjury was the
law rendeied of no avail. The hones!
portion of community had no recourse
but to band together and shoot down
every man caught stealing horses. In
this way the nest was soon broken up.
We have in Kansas some organizations-
for tho protection of settler,
against the power of capital; league
of ;ciualter&" to defend each other
in their "claims"- lest muuitd- inert
tak-e advantage of the noed of set
t!er ad: deprive them of their-labors.
This may be uccessay, it doubtless is to
a great extent; but every. lovtr-of god
order should see that these organiza
tions go not one step, Ay, not one inch
beyond their legitimate and needful use.
We hear it reported that Cap!. Montgomery-,
notorious in, the southern, put
of the State, is out on a niaraudiug ex
pedition, and engaged in a general sy
ll-tn of plunder. We have learned to
distrust reports coming, through certain
sources, and do not know whether this
one is eutitled to credit; but presuming
it to be true, doubtless' Montgomery
justifies himself on the plea of retalia
tion. He may have suffered much, for
aught we know he may have had great
injustice done him; but these : things do
not justify him in taking, the law mollis
own hands and roboing others, because
he has been robbed. ? -
Oar own. people may be tempted to
remember ihe HrlyJliTstorj .of "Kansas,
and feel like' "paying the'Bofder Ruffi
ans lack -in their owe coin," now that
Ur", numbers. ofLthem have turned
traitors and arc' figliliR!f-af'aiiut the
not do. it anv ot our citizen ieet in
enlisting and "going to the wars," all
right; God speed every- one who shall
take up arms in the glorious cause of
Iris country. But let "all -things b
done in older," that (ruth, justice and,
right be not blamed or give ground of
Our republic is now amost unhappy
spectacle of what .naturally results
fiom the spirit of-jnobocracy.-Tlie
' o ., -. ,. . 1 t.
great aouiiieraireDeiiion is oniy a ra
on n large scale. It had its' beginnings
in n small way. Persons accused of
being "abolitionists" were seized by
smaller mobs and hung or burned.
Men had quarrels and fell upon each
other with deadly weapons to wipe out
in blood real or imaginary insult.
Everv where in the South there was a
disposition on the part of the people to
"lake the law into their own hand,"
and deal out justice or wrath as seeing
ed to them good. The result is what
we see, -and what might have been ex
pected and foretold from the beginning
as a probable and legitimate result of
the mobocratic spirit aud practice of
Our own Slate has had a fearful bap
tism of blood from this same source.
Sometimes under color of legal forms.
and at others entirely without the rpale
of law, bauds of wicked men, with un
holy purposes at heart, have committed
depredations and outrages at which
Humanity summers, lliese tilings nave
left their traces, winch are yet visible;
ami it is necessary for law abidiu" citi
reus to .guard well this point, lest tho
spirit of lawlessness take some form and
ovet step proper bounds'.
The disposition to.-mpbocracj'.wher
ever found, should be frowned down
Private and public grievances can' be
redressed by a bolter and safer; prpec
dure. Once the restraints are thrown;
otT, aud there is no felling, where the
end will be.. Let Kansas become as'
noted for order as she has been for dis
order and ruffianism.
THRILLING ORIGINAL SI ORY.
About the first of September, as an
nounccd in our .circulars, we design
to commence the publication bf'a must
thrilling .historical romance, enlitl-d,
"Evangeline": or The Double Traitor..
A Record of the Great Rebellion."
This intensely interesting storyillus
trates in glowing colors, while it is yet
true to the recoul, the double dealings,
wicked purposes, and deep-laTd schemes.
of the designing nieu who have inaug
urated the gieat rebellion for the des
truction of our government. The auth
or discloses to the miud of the reader
the secret springs of treason, and lays
open to view the dark plotlings of ihu
leading Bctors in the rebellion. The
deep duplicity of men iu high portions
of honor and trust in the goverumeni
is depicted in a most unenviable liht,
and the corruption .and treacheiy ol
ambitious men, who have sought to
overthrow the Constitution, arid,, the
government founded 'upon it, for their
own political aggraadizement.Jire nios.
vividly portrayed. ' '
The wriierof this sloryis the 'author
of the following works so extensively
read a-few years ago :
"Ellen Walton;" "The Renegade;"
-Lily of Castile;" The Massacre at
Wyoming' etc., etc., -and :we have
every reason to believe the present will
.be. the author's best s!.ory.
-Let the friends. of tho Independent
exert every effort to increase its ciro'u
latioB in the county and throughout
the. State. We will take on -Jubseiip-tipn
.wood, corn, wheat, .flour, rags or
cath. Where it is more, convenient to
pay the' latter we will gladly take it. as
we wish to be accommodating to all our
pa'rons. Single ct$y one year, to.be
paid in advance, 82,; 'to .dubs of ten
SJ5.00 or8I.5CeadV To trial sub
sciioers four months, 50 cents.-
Everybody has read with tlte, deepest
interest the reports of the. recent; great
battle at BulliPRuni, Virginia";, and
every loyal citizen will be gratified to-
learn 'that the? late'st ISlegramsbjiog
iuleliigerce much more, f-ivorablq for
the .Federal' army than-those 'first, re
ceived. - . - ' -It
is, indeed, hTamiliatirJ to know
that the U.S. forces retreated iu audi
confdsfon, and,, it makes one shudder to
.thini of the slaughter of the flower of the
Northern soldiers at the first .engage
ment of the main body of .the army.
But the retreat is not attribute J ,16 a
want of courage, forueyer was harder,
fighting, done at any battlo in die
Crimean war than was done at the baU
tie of-BiiH's Hun. 'Hf a tT
It is now believed lhaiuktTt" nKnn
'S0i of ifie Federairobpswerekilled,
while the loss of (be rebels i:estiated
at from 2,000 to 3,000. - '
Hisamrl All Right Soon. H ' x
Tlie -State ' Convention Iu l6essioii ai
Jeffersbn City have adopJledHlieepdrt,
of tjte committee of eighty with amend-
menf.s. TJe; office oL GovcHUt, LieuC
Gori-not -mid 'Secretary- of' Slate were
seated, and a -prorisional government
organised by Ihe electioa of State offii
cers as follows ; (Jpvernor, r .Gaav-
bje,.6f St. Louis; Lieut.-Gov;, Ilorr-'j
Willard Pi Hall- Secretary of S-afe,1
Hon. Oliver. We may soon Kwlt
for a different state of affairs, in, Mis-J
A MiMTARr .CoiiPAur was organized
hi Jefferson Township last, Saturday;
by the election cf Simetm-HulUCnptatn,-aad
Mr. Foot! 1st Lieutenant? We
have not learned the names of the'other
officers. Captain Hull has feen ser
vice, both in the Mexican War, and
as one of the "Old Guard" in the de
fense of Kansas agiinst the minions
and ruffians of the Slave Oligarchy.
Goodt for Jefferson, To wnslitp. We hope
the resident rebtjs thereabouts will tike
notice of these military movements, and
govern themselves accordingly. Let a
Vigilant waich belept over every sus
picious individual, and every doubtful
movement noted. Rebel sympathizers
will bear as .much watching as :openly
avowed traitors. We have uo affinity
for or affiliation with either class if we
'" V "u, " '
Agriccltuual Sociktv. Read ,the
call in another column for a meeting
for the organization, of an Agricultural
Society for Jefferson County. This is
an important and a good .move iu the
right diiection, and,, we. hope there will
be a general attendance of the farmers
mechanics? .and. all interested in the
weifiue aud devcJopnionLof tho county,
o'ncSattfrday .-.August. 17IL. -.7 :
-j: ; - ,i,rm7'-- .
' Gcks Captured; We have learned
indirectly that' a naiulfd'r rf(Y United.
States muskets werep-ipiurd"from Captain-
Lowe,' i.t- iliefcoVy Point. ' 'lift had
'seiit'word'iotlie'She'rlff'oi1 llTt-s" county
that the gniis vVere"a his liouse, and.
. I w w
subject toHis order. Sheiiif lliutonhj MComl story windiW, ahtf I.kI
. ,.- . . M.: .,, .. ,. ...
and unaer-ssiiertu uioos accorniugiy
went for the guns' on Wednesday, but
loarned frdmi Capt: LiiWe that a nutriber
of unknown persons had been there
and got'the armi the previous night.
Lawrence Rcpcnuci's. This is
. . .(
-ne bTithe"hiost:ihly conlitried neeKIv
jotirhaisiirK-thsns.- It is filled with a
larjjfe VaneiV 6f 'readih'''' m'itter suitd !
.. ' r? . I
io the'tiste of the' local ot 'general rC'.t-;
der. "Mr. Sneer; one of tlii: editors.
lias "hkii coislde'trable itpefieiice fn 'the
pnblishj'ng'busiiie'ss, having published a,!
paper'before rem-tvihg west, and after
wards Was one of tin pioneer jiubli.-hers
of Kansas. II. II. Moore, his partner.
an HDie winer.
- Godm's- LtDT's B.IOK The' Au'gUFt
ifumber of this pnpnKr monthly Us
Teached u, filled with its usual amoiiu
of ehgiavingsr fashions, emhioidery
patterns, h-sson in needle wot k, stone,
poetry, and -all the ither good tiling
Godi-y always prepares fur his lady
readers. No one knows better how V
please the ladies jhauL. A. Godey.
and no Imagazintr i so popular with
-them at he' LiorV BxK. 83 a jear.
L. A TGody,Phiiailelphia.
State Journal, published by Tra.k
Si. L-wmHii, Lawrence,. Kttisas.; is a
jjood p;iper, and deserves' a ljberal sup
port from the people of ihe S'atc.
The' Atlantic Montiilt for iVyyus!
has been received. This number fully
susuins the! deserved popular rcputa
tiou of'tlie AtiIaxt'ic, ninl contains 128
double-column piges.mnkingan aggre
gate in theyearof 153 pages of the best
(of literature :ajl , for ,83 a year. Ad
dress Tick nor & FielJst Boston, Mass.
CniLucoTiiE. M., July 10th, 1Q6I.
r I : I r
w tiuH Aitt.Mb;-MiecmiB iiera irom
Hannibal the last of last month; and on
!Mbnday week we started 'in search o
the enemy camp, stationed some fou
teen' miles from Monro?. We arrived
in Uie-cars late in the evening, and in
tended- to (natch on and surprise tho
rebel?; but n landing it romnicurcd
ramingfaidv after taking a drenching
in tlie j.-jip Jfor bait' an hour, we returned-in
to the train aain. and -rr'aiHinwd'
thereuntil moriirrig." Afier breakfast
w,e'"'Were brdelcd'td rharch, and afier
marcliing! seven, or, .eight miles from
MpnroeJlwel,were..fired on by a 'party of
the enemy some 200 in number, who
were inlarabush, woundiri'' tlireo of
our men one,oC our qpmpany but
none vjero seriously injured.:
. Our .force consisted of four compa
nies of the 3I regiment of Iowa, 'and
two companies' ofth$';i6i.li Illinois.reg-
imenYjuo'lwringliair about 600 ro.cn.
-AfteriJi brjef fire, tho.enemy retreated
into a large woods. We pursued a
short distance i and' captured fourpris
.oners rotic mbrlally wounded and five
norses. we then retreated one and
owe, half arile, iutq.a hea field, formed
a hollow 'square, look thewheni shoeKi
and' scattered rlierii Sh'-rXfls or wihr&ws
for bedding, andrafter'puttinif out picket
guards, lay down upon ..our, arms to
sleep;; T j.t -, - 4
In ilie thorninq: we returned to Mo'n-
r)f-,i ,,r',eD wM'nXnJ3eS m,'es otr t"wn,
wej3iscovqicd1that,,the'depot and a large
trakof carswere Blare they were
the ear, tliat' brought us. When we'
liadlipiffbiched within ! or 2 miles.
in number, on horseback. Wefermed-
into, line ofbat.le";"linibered"our guif
asix pouadet-rrand gave them twg
or three seces-:ioit,pills,;wl;icbi-caue4
them tuJry the speed of their-horsesr
excepting one man and a horse, which
ono of the pills overlook and slopped
-The mm was "cut in twe," aud the
horse lost one leg. We went to Monro'
and got dinner, when the rebels were
seen lurking in all directions aMdnd us.
We took our quarters in the Semi
nary, located on an elevated piece of
ground, aud surrounded bya pailing
fenced enclosing aquarter of an acre!
The Seminary is a Urge three story
brick building. The lower story is a
basement of jock, aud$ extends some
three feet above ground. The building
is square, and part flat roof, with railing-on
tfip.rwIuch'Kflordwd a nice place'
from which to vie the enemy.
By thei assistance of a largo spy
glass, we could see ;lliem tgatllej-irig in
all directions." At a distance of two
miles they formed a line aiound as'.'
Seeiug our position, we commenced
fortifying, auil pn.f Wednesday about
noon, they leitih on us' with iw 'field
pieces one six, .'and one nine pounder
The, second tho weiiiiado disabled'
their. fBiall gun. We fired sdow, and
onlv' fit shots in a!J,Wwfe, hi!'bul few
'iii' i : ' 'i .'' i
shot and little, amiiiitintiun oi any kind.
.Thiswe werw saving for h close1 enirtjju-
ment, but the citvl.-ifs kepi their (lis-
- ? i - '
tance. Tney 'fired 23 roun.ls at us, but
dfiic but little haim, only striking the
building' thiee, limes, obe.shot cnit-ritiir
iu a partition wall. . Tills ciii-ed a buck
to.iilke one ol uut .meu.on lite ,liead,
but caused uo st-iious limnagt-. AU-i
the burgeon put a sticking plasiei-uti
he came out and took up ins musket,
and was nady to fijhl again.
Tne side the enemy commenced fir
iug at us on ,was the -weakest fortified;
and a moii hs e svvn the-Mhke' from
their Jytriis,wen all laid d-vvn in the
ditches, 'an J 'their shot Went iu-in
over us. Tin-tune would -up and ply
ur picks and spades .until the w-tU
ilow.10' was given. -1 '
We were t-uVtouuded by Miperior
numbeis, they having 8.3JU nu-u.; Inn
we feared them not. All e- wauii-d
whs (ur them io come' within muket
shol. so wc could see 'their eyes,- bu
he wotilJ not advance. '
"in.ilic .iu i dst of their . firing thciv
c.une a train of cars froat Hunnibn.
with teiiiforceineiits.for us -lie balance
of the III. Itith.nnd the Hannibal j!mi
G,.ia'rds. As.iheV ueared the rebel
raijks that ciossed the railroid, llii-
gave ihetn.a l)0l.froM their-mx puinl
gun, which caused them to run ingreat-ei'-xpeed
than" llu-y came; and that pu
-in end to our fun. . ;
Wc reft the reinforcements at -Mon
me, and as we were boarding thecars
for here, there came up 'a company oil
.Illinois vnviilry with loriy prisoners an
aMX pound gun. Iney had .two brass
nine pounders of their owii.---Thej are
.now 'on their way here; scourfhg the
country as they come.
1 forgot to mention an accident which
occurred in our company at the harth
cf Monroe. -A young man from 0.-.ka
loosa, Iowa. by the name of C rus
West, iu dropping down to dodge a
cannon ball, knocked, his gun. off with
hit- foot, the bull pasting through hW
right breast, entering the lower jaw,
and lodging below the right eye. He
died in about three, hours, and was
burieil where hev.a$.sujr. ,i
A soldier's life Uouoiof toil.'exnosure
and haidship I ii-,5jld a!great deal
milii.rh.inf I.,.-!. :r':. .:. f . Vi .1
miner De at lionn-, i u was not dial I
v 1 . 'if "ifl-'-s. - u .
leel it a ditty to seiye.puy.couiiliy and
preserve ihe.Uiuoii.: I. have but one
lime 1I0 die. j'tid-if lentil in defense ol
my cpantry.-l lajl in a goiid' cause.
It may be" xoirie'ofiiiy.olil acijiniinl
ances wuuhl like to hear from me, bm
I cannot w.rito to all of them. Yon
may let ihein read this if they c;tn 1
wrilo in it liurry ; and wjlh pencil., 1
.... - ..t ' n; 'h r '
1 our affectionate son,
I, Gamble. '
f . .... .1 - . . ' I
Jefferson County Agricultural Society.
For Ihe purpose ,of..,the better .devel
opment of the,, Agricultural,-.Horticultural
,Mechaiiic.il and. Industrial le
eoitrces' and pursuits, and for the im
provement of tlie several varieties of
U e , .. .. ,- m-r
quick, we, me tinuersigncu, citizens ol
Jellers(n County, runsas, propose that
the M?ople of said County assemble iu
Oskaloosa oh Sriiurda;,,tlie J7dt day
of A u trust, 186.1, to.organize.au Agri
cultural Society. . tJ 1 , , .... ,.t'
Jv?!'1! E:n ti(ii:5a Io io;j:Lnoa
. Jarn'8. Monroe,.... f -u yLioi
i. 0. B, McClelian 4j fiUiiid Jvrwb
Beu. lillinqu.'i,if,0 mil Una if: -tt
A"! Spalding 1. -vU' warfi -'i.
ohn!W.,J)ay., , .djoy-L . J '
, WinJV,, C.iwlfieldbAeoin.:.'.j
Josepliun Gobje ! i9 '.
J, F; IliutoBj , ,
Paul E. Havens,
Paniel Briner. 1, n ,
fjK vv1 rlfAMtw jf KjW iwl(rnfT 91
f GJT4fW J theKntSky liS
--r - js a
-THfe XATEST NEWS-
To the Daily Conservative, aiul Dnily Timei-
'Frorn;!tlie'Tope,'a SWe Record of
Monday, wo learn that tho Rebels have
been Ltmpering with the Indians, and
that otjr-'Statie i noj indjJrageio'r in
vasion by (he Sivages. Conscrvative
The' Record says: "Two reliable
spies were recently sen., out, from Jlol
ton, iu Jackson County, and others are
now there from other localftiesV ' 1'ltey
report that sovernl well known 'Seces
sionists are among the Indian, Fiauk.
.Marshall aud Ins brother in'law, a des
perado, uamed Williams,, being ampng
the number that the Indians Jiave
recently beeit furnished floilr.blatikeis".
g'uns, -ammuniiion and"1 hioney, the
sottice of which is unknown t6i;thc
Government-Indian A"eul. siaiioued
there, making it evident thai the In
dians are being tampered with by the,
traitors who are endeavoring to bring
themMo.tiieir. purpoes by uU "meitii-t
Que; of, thelspiiw w.lto hivrolurneJ;re-
turned, relaus ,tha huosuci-eedeil iu.
obtaiuin- J.cohUdepce pjlialf brcft I
in iiie vninji, iu .nun. exieui uiai tne
liiJiain ilitulgetl fo'rirfn,th6'jiioiiii'eof
whites uiuotig' -ilieiii, 'that- the' entire
i-rca of ;Kfi!-is, with' nil the- townsj
fauiH, cr,up die. should, rever. tyjlir
inniau, ii iney uouui siue Willi me
Secessionist and drive-out tlie"jifes;;(ii
popuri.ioh tlml largSfirtLsilu'ts hat
been and wt-rti-beltiguiiMtribu'ed auug
iliein iiij tiuil lianicni-for , llieir.v-etvi
ce to the aoutn; uuktu '.iuiudubiuble,
that a Dowei tu'fcMurt u beiiiir r.udii.to
,.. .. ...:A..-..rr.r..i,1'rt. ..' .: i .'..''
!iis-iffeef theiii.'au'J p'rocure ifie' Ue-"
snuc ion an J" exiulsibiiwf people.'l
TUC WAT TO' TREAT SECESSIONISTS AT-
. c ' -. ' ' ; IIOMK-. " l't.Aifib
VFirsU howcverAn1 rrieasure-'of pre
caution should be adopted al'bun.ntvii(:
homes .Lhat H.jto r oi-gapixej Com
miitees of Safety in everv vill-me nid
hamlet :to liuiii on' an I hilug or diive
out evi'ry'nian a'jHitisVwhonrj" there Gx
of disloyally , who vnr ioIum-s to
take ihe u&ual o.i,li of .dlegiaiicu t.o ilie
Government. A man wpo i.eni-es that,
at such a Hme as uns'.neeJ w.t'ciiiug.
to Niy the least, and is an fuitsafe p.'r
ou in cominuoiliea of loyil iikB.
U is known that there ir uinhers
iu (U 'vicinity, wlnriiav'e openly -x
pressed synipatiiy tor"the rtYA.'llion.'ii'iiti"
w!io.haVeIfilpieut 'mylle'riolis cKnthtls-.
nniui'Jii'ni iiisyjuii''Tlieyliavi-l) ii
ai;ing ti'i-l!' uJ,o'J ,,'J 'M'd .y.v'
uioveui'Ul for our own de,fetine pr otli
rwise fins' been rt-poiied mimcd'utrh'
KVniir'l'iit'iniee. ail;li!w-- are placed at a
eonepduding' Idisiilv.m'ag''.'' Tii'eVe
sptex.ahho.14l1 in our 0'ji vicinity. may
not be considered in : st.i(e of War aud
therefore not amenable to the rules ol
war, tire nevertheless sjis.m 1 morany ;
hi iui 1 11 j ui ui'.mi uiotigi) loiiauin
.he etieuiyfa canid.'V ,.!: r- .:
.- n ,,,,.. x - . .A
Ex ECKETAKr, 1 1 vlt,, of. Kentucky,
writes tlijt lollottiiig vloipjejit and patri
otic language, iu' speaking of tlie jire&elit
ciisis : ' x '
"While a far' more fearful responsi
bilily has faljeiij upon President Lincoln
than any of Ins pic-di-ccssor-iit uium
be itdtr.itted that he has .met it w.iih
promptitude iftid fearlessness. Cict-ru,
ui one ot his oration agHinsi Catiline,
speakiug of the cre.iu due himself for
having ,juppr!.!ed ihe conpiricy uS
thai arc'h traitor,' s,id, "If llio giory ol
him who founded Ume was great,
how much greater should be thnt'oi
hint who had saved it fioni overthrow,
alter it had. grown to be the aiisire-s ui
the World?" So 11 iuay.be said of the
glory of that siaiesninii or chivfiaiu
who' shall snatch from the vortt-x'bl
levolulioti this Rejiublic, nn'w thai u
has expanded from oceau (o ocean, has
UcomevUieadiiiiiati.oU i;f the- .World.
mid has i.enjlefed jjie Jotimuiusot Uic
live? of thirty millions jbf people fouii-i
tains b? -happiness,
. ,v , .,vr . .. , 1 , . .
, 'Ine'vi';orous measures adop V(t.for
iho date;' of Washiiigiou and tlie Gov
eriiimiuiiM.il' iua) mviu opeu lo.crili
cifiii, in. some of ilieii .letnils, to those
who haVe yel to learn that not only ha-
war like J bt.ee i s laws, bill it has nls-o
.. T 1 1 r. 1 .' .t. . .
i.s privileges an u us uuiies. wimicver
ol'cveriiy.or even o irfeuularity, mm
have ai (sen, will liiiLt jt juKiifioHiiyU;iu
the preure v' the it-ruble 111-cossiiy
uiiitr w'iiicii t"e Aiimiiitsiraiiou inta
been -called 10 act. "Wiiii uiiian feel's
'the jvoiilard of tho ddstrbyer'-'ai his
bosom, he is not likely to conMilt .the
law booksas to tlie uiode.,Oi,BaVsuio
of his rights of self-dtifeiise. . .What is
true 01 iuuiviuuai is, in tins r,especi,
equally "true of GovoVnineht ' The.
man wbotliinkH he' has; Income disloyal
becnuse of what the AdmiuistiTtlion
.has done, w ill probably discover, after
a close self-examination, that he Was
disloyal before. But for what lias been
done. Washington might, ere this, have
been a smouldering heap of ratiis.".
-' ' .''. n ; i . x
Kcwt. jTroa the South, SUtement of
Mrj Wet( th CcmdiUja C(Thugt.
. . .FfuiUip CiucluiuUpiHmiimivtil.
We met yesterday, Mr. Samuel.West;
formerly of PhHadefprria, bitterly of
Montgomery, Alrtiimap-Yronv' dv.eh
pUce' he fled'oiWd'nesthtjf1of'Ta!ri
Week: c- He 'wai'aHxWus-tb'nfhiain, but
the" faci'that1 te was a man of 'Northern
birth subjebted" liini Tto" pCrsecutroils
which Wcre'iirtolerable.' ' t s
" He informs' uVthut tliere lms:beeri k
rapid coricetitratioa 'of troops afraVthe
Louiville, Nnshvill & Cliattahoogn
R'.IA .. .,.,0 ,H .1 ..I tu
ailroad. lhcr are camps al tnier-
vals al lhe way from Atlanta tntha
there is a
to OMtaiMJour tMusand inenKlakinjr
- -v- . a.x -
thjfTn ciir.ei:ti with the MMiion. of
the Kentucky State Guard, the appear
ance is I hat the possession of Louisville
is calculated upon. The Southern
soldiers generally are poorly clad, and
in all respects ill prorlded. Some regi
ments are composed almost exclusively
of boys. There is still a strong Union
feeling in northern Alabama, .and'only
one regiment has been raised in that
section of the State, nrid'il (llief'Fiftlt)
is a rabble of boys, incapable of the
performance of the duties of soldiers.
Even in Montgomery there are Union I
men plenty 01 lueni. wuo, wouiu oe
wild with ioy to see the old .t'banaer of
bealy and gloy." floating again .over
the. dome of tne capital of the .State.
r0ne great reason for the removal of
the government from. Montgomery to
Richmond, .was the insufferable rapa
cii y of .1 he pe.fple. of the former, town.
They put up rents,. enormously and
were guilty of jail the greedyi tricks.
which they re sojfond of, clwrgiu on
tle jd d, IQipketyt'. Tlit? gyni-
pent ,go eyy; ,iih., them,. howevsrv
TJie AIIoyo.rljfS, the.i5rt'Mlio,the
i5veff!Wrr.le-3'feoi &c W ?&oal fry.:-.
ing ijic.irjreaCs.ani-leaving such a' mass
oX.tubbisu of- dmfederaie.1 botrJsihai
.gold commands 2 J per cewt. prbinium.
, Mr. West, gives a shocking Mccouut
ofw tlie v performance of iho ' L'uiAiia
ZUHve'sius.ihey pissed 1I1 rough. Moni
goiriery r Owuigto.a railnail accident
the, rs'giuieutihVd been detained "ajioui
iliriy-.iXilrujrsit h point'. where ila?
jip,iKMwbe iuiM'MMiu prmUions;aiul tliey
rictid Montgomery frantic with hnu
ger... -Tliey tmtrv alb ina mutinous
condiliou, because thoy-had pot receiv-
ed any pai Tbyi declrtied'wiib''mbs,
(i'jrti'1 idiprecaiioha that they never
iWuu'U If.iVc ivwwiftliey wfenot paiil.
Tlie.y excited general alarm. The
confederate government Jtad'no money.,
and though it wa Sunday, the State
Mtuhorii.ies and batik officers were gath
ered! together, and coiiirived to raise
83-J.OO each for the; six hundred men
composing. tlie registrar. So infernal
weio the proceedings of the Zouaves,
ihat; ihe;ladies"were afraid to go to.
cl(UcJi: n.-Mr. West Bicaiioncdr' the
.iiapivso oC athalf. -dozen citizens whose
houses yi;rer broken open aaJ Tobbed
iu.dayli-ht. EVcry atrocity charged,
by Beauregard's Virginia, proclama
tion, upon, ihe Northern troops', was
Whergvrr tbey .ioftnd,. negro women
ihey piocetided lit use tht-m violently;
aj(d there were scenes.-in ilicstreets of
Moncgoiiiery in .sight of ihe. house'ol,
,.he. cyiiledrniTulPreJiideBi, that Sillnlay
iiiuriiiHg, unheard-of 'heretofore except
whore; ciiies have, beca stotwed: and
a;keil, by a diunken.aud liceRtious
, .U.'liiavbo proper, to state. (hat what
.Mr. VVcst.saySiof these twitters i cor-
.r.ojhorated by the-. stories of two deser
ters (row -the -Louisiana .Zouaves, who
lotud thir way within Geti. Butler's
Mr. West is of the opinion that .the
v hole number of Confederate troops
in Virginia is one hundred and tweu'v-
five thouHand.k They believe in Mout
gouery that, they are "whipping tlie
d d Yankees'-' at a tremendous rate,
and slaughtering them by thousands
He. had no .idea; of the real state of af-
lairs boforuihe reached thislciiy.1 Tne
biuly thing-they are pazsled 'about i 'is
he. .neglect ofa Beiiuiegard to take
3Vaihing,tona'i.4 " ";''
It may be remembered that the ward-
.rybe. of-Mrs. Slemmer, wife of tlie fa
mous Lieuleiuint, was' confiscated by
lite chivalry who possessed it at Pensa-
cola.i Mr. Wist informs, un that ike
iilhint sousbf the South sent her best
dresea, to-lhriri; friends .among the
prostiiates of Mongomery.twho have
been showing offiiu 1 he hi ever since;
nnd.lhis is considered by- thechivtllry
a veryLibrilliaRt.'aad. pretty big 'thing.
.V y -. Uw '- L -I li
ft i GenlLin. c : ,
t!rii' Wa8binirbu corr'esnondent of
the New1 York Post, -refers as follows
to'lhe'1 recent lavVry discussion iii'the
SeiiAte, and io' Getf.- Lane;-ZVmf.'
"The slavery question whs fully di
cussed.in connection with, the War. and
the. rebel sympathisers e.y couviaced
by the tone of, northern. ntiraent, ret
flecied by the senators who parucipated
in the discussion, that if the rebels put
slavery in the way of the Union the
iii8iii.iiioHjjilueertfiiHly b extirpated.
IWd! yfaf3 look.occasfQU, to Mdjust
the account ol Kansas with its south:
Jnigiiage Jwh'iclf'one,yvar 'Sgo"wonltl
have. cosVj him latdifo'irr iWashin'gton!
Aa-VSFwaw '.Ijreti 8uio-itBfO;sena-tors
wire unable to, keep quiet in .their
seats under such an iutliciipn.
Lane is a very good debafer.u'nd with
expvtwnce :would take a prominent
podiliou. Those northern and southern
Congressmen who.froni reading borderr
rulKin newspapers. had' formed the idea
thiil Lane was a cut-throat and lgnor
idiius, were rJreaily' astonished to see
iliinigei upand make a powerful speech
;.bout five 4Ba from
next to Polk, of Missouri, and ia froat
of Powell, of Kentucky, and is already
apparently on good terms with those
geuilemen. It is somewhat amusing
to see the Kansas "brigand," as the
southern newspapers generally repie
seated him to be, chatting pleasantly
with such ardent slaveholder."
no more apDronriata
sphere than the side of the wounded
the sick and the dying. The experi
ence, of modern civilization proves iht
even in the associations of, the caap,
andraiid r'bpnon'f. w?ar,lwonatf
may serve the cause of humanity with:
hoiior 10 her sex Plorenre -Nightie
gale the "ministering angel" ,( the
will be honored, in all coming time, as
the bravest, gentlest, and most self
denying womminood. la no' lasd"1rM'
her example more appreciated than ia
Amerlca,.ahd now wliea theusolatUMr
and gloom of war is upoa us, we see
thousands of our sisters coraine for'
ward anxious to emulate her noble ex
,. The Secretary ;of War, appreeiating.
this feeliug, and convinced ut. tli neat
.propriety of his-course, has nudear
'ntii remeiits for consolidating and ren.
... -':.?..-.fi-.l.;.;..l. l..lJ?.V- .
tierm-; cucciiic mc scmilcsui a. corps
bt'ri'iluni'eer hospitnl'nurses. Hitheno'
our vT.erjiiaVnf lias excluded wofaea
'from ogejieral Jiospitalexceptiajlie
most 'subordinate capacities,, entrust..
ing life sick xoldiery to The attentioft'
01 males. Aiie-oecreiary well remarks
'.'iliHt publioetitim'jni nod ihe huaiaiii-'
ty of ilie age' demtud lht.woa7aa!be
recognized m iter true iawiuotuilo
lias appointed Miss Dix. 'ila-iy trditieni,
iver the world "for' her pure spTnt'iif
philanthropy and self Jdevoiio'n,aritl'ex
perienced iu everything that goes to fit
woman for sueha. posiikja'tiperin
leiidetit of. women, nurses. , , iih the
IVxclusive aii.hoiiiy to accept such a
hi.. .1 .. ..I- -i J: vi-.
sue mm ucrm jinjjeiijf uneii lor Ilia
aerrice.. The'itBrses 'will bf patd'-Jby
the governafent'. Volunteers wiHibe
revel yedj wtlto n.ay be. oyer; ihiriyyirs
of, age, and can present certiticaUSjOf
'character and capacity. . ,.
s'Any'iriing'' which tends to humanize
the brbarous jiractice of warj-or'to
AlfertHtilie tuieries of the: brave-men
Iwhu suffer lor their counirv, wtUbe
1 .-.; . - . .-. . -
.gladly welcomed as a tribute to civili
zation and Cliritiaoiiy. This, we be
lieve, wdl be the effect of the action of
our ;Geaeral . Government. We eo'u
graljilaie. ihe.women of.-ihe Repablic on
the opporiutt'ty which is afforded, -.to
them of sharing in the perils and glvry
of this just and necessary war. fur-
n - ' IT
neys tm. ' -- '
Northern vs SoctukrIi E.ndurascs.
In'the ntquical statistics of the army,
from 1337 to 1854, transmfited to Hon.
J. D. Bright. Presidt-nt of "the Setiaie
.by Jefferson Davis, Secictarv of War.
July 28, ,1756. on pages 609 mni 621.
willjbe founil. a statement showing the
power of einliirance ofa South Caro
Itia and of New 'York1-reginment. fes
pectively. South Carolina' 1st regi
mem,l,034rroen, cawpukni, 1847. 18V
months' service o, by disease 5-9.
New York 2J, l,tG3 men. r7iuoiillii'
sev?ce.r lost bj- Vfisease 276." Fiona
this comparison ot a Northern regi
ment' with a Southern one. in a hot
'country campaign, it appears that the
Southern regimeut lost by disease very
nearly twice as n:any as 'the New Yolk
regiment, in about the same length of
PODLISllXO KVKRT WXDSiKSOAr, IK,
ii!i.tl;i, Jtffcrsei Canty, tutu
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Sineln coi-y one jtnr. in.ailrance
,'reii.cti.it one yenr u one adcrvaa
J wi iity
. u C t a .a
-TERMS OF ADVERTISING.
Oue ruaic, 13 lines ur le.i.,fit?i nucrliua ft
One qaarttrof ' column ih'rcv nonth, v "io 00
."!'..- i!tik i?4d:. I
. . ii
; 25 1 0
; . .m
c-s 60 00
une. naif ot a culuina . turee .",
Chnngcll qu arterly
)ne coloiuh tbrte months, '-'
" ? -.. . ' 1
,, i-.iiiti.riai nnliceaJU rtnts pr nn: mwii
cetils Ftir uuuo'usci bg' the niuacf oF cJi4i
ion.ffic. I'oo dul Ur aud a ball eC", to he J
u n.irance. i cany auveriisen will oe riuirru
Jo' pay quarterly. Tiunent attrrtiaaaKaa4t
iieu.il in ntlraoco. Couiniuuicalia of a f'
onalclirti-wilf b chand oa avlterprr
OSKALOOSA P11CES tUTimMT.
"" ' nntioVpTii'rt'-Ciiliov ua?vu ip-
vvnnovttbu c Anm
Core Maal ""(
Uridl Peachoa er ft
'" 'Apples '...
Grcea ' perboah.
usid per . " jt?
11 til lei
Egg per dot
!2t.lM il.-... t.li7l
Star Candles " ; ; "V:IiT
.'..-';. cil it.:W .U!S'B03 Tj
ii '. ir'i-lXi'iii.i'tlitSii ...i..0?
1 -7J5- ..id. "- H-'Ji'-"
Mur Iloaso 7rur Deraal.---1
M ijile Molaases " ...;'" I
liiuta . . mx yi. .80j
Brown aiweting " ..!
Heavy Bootii"'" fJ.'O ' 50
4 . 1 A
. .. ".VO
And many (otlmra.! - ' '
in ne. uiwi.i5taie .senate. Lane tats