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The Liberal Democrat
(Successor to The Independent)
CARL 0. EDDY
Editor and Publisher.
Published every Friday morning
at Liberal, Sward County, Kans.
Admitted to the malls tt Liber!, Kansas, as
second diss matter. May 17, 1907.
"There's so much good In the worst
of us, and there's so much bad in the
best of us, that It doesn't behoove any
of us to speak 111 of the rest of us.'
If as speaker of the house of
representatives Champ Clark of
Missouri gives the right of way
to progressive legislation, which
has been strangled to death by the
Republicans, he will, in the opin
ion of many politicians, make a
presidential possibility out of him
self. It is being talked over in
the cloak rooms, and all agree that
Clark's chances are not so bad if
he makes good as speaker. It is
argued for the next speaker that
he is unsophisticated so far as any
deals with the special interests are
concerned. It is said he would be
an excellent compromise candidate
as he has the friendship and confi
dence of both the so-called radical
and conservative wings of demo
cracy. Clark is a man of com
manding personality, and physi
cally he is well preserved and
striking in appearance. He is
one of the plainest men, and one
of the frankest, in American poli
tics. in order to get business, Lib
eral must work for it, and must
work for it intelligently. We be
lieve that a city scales would be a
trade getter. A satisfied trader
will come back and his neighbor
will come, too. If a city scales
will draw trade and hold it, then
we ought to have it in operation
In fepite of the active work the
Topeka Capital has dome for him,
Wfl hnrrllir think a nrnptipnl mnn
like Madison would turn down a
job in congress at $7,500 a vear
for a mere governorship at $3,500.
The next thing some one will
start will be a campaign against
this aviation game because of its
attending dangers. This aviation
makes old time football look pret
ty common as an undertaker's
To our friends who comment on
the absence of editorials, we might
suggest that there are some people
who like to find a little news, in a
The aristocratic element of Lib
eral spent New Year's day and
Monday carrying in coal and
nursing the water pipes around
One Liberal firm has shipped
258,000 bushels of wheat this year.
Things The People Pay For
Sofa pillows, peroxide of hydro
gen, hoarhound drops, lemons and
sugar and Jamaica ginger these
are a few of the little perquisites
purchased by the senate at the ex
pensef the people during the past
year. The purchases are recorded
in the report of Senate Secretary,
Bennett. Sandwiched in the re
port between extract of rose and
bromo seltzer is two quarts of cas
tor oil. Taking senators home
after night sessions resulted in a
taxicab bill that would make a
Broadway star envious. There is
a record of Vice President Sher
man's automobile troubles. Every
puncture is recorded with its cost
as are many other things of like
nature. Hutchinson Gazette.
I wish to trade improvements in
Pratt Center, consisting of one
lot and a half, 75 foot front, with
new 8 room house, modern im
provements throughout. Good
barn and other out buildings
Close to school and not far from
railroad, for land in the vicinity
fit. 3, box 14.
For The State Schools. :
It seems deplorable that at ev
ery session of the legislature, all
the officials from the various state
institutions are compelled to go to
Topeka and spend from one to
seven weeks working for their re
spective appropriations. Every es
timate is cut down as much as pos
sible before it is submitted to Aud
itor Nation, who proceeds to cut
them some more. Then the Com
mittee takes off another slice, pas
ses the bill up to the Senate Com
mitte which repeats the shaving
process. The natural result, of
course, is that occasionally an in
stitution gets less than it needs.
Another objection is that the
heads of the various institutions
cannot plan attentions more than
two years ahead. The salaries of
the heads of the state schools are
about $2,500 a year, and nearly
half of their time is devoted to
planning and conducting cam
paigns for their appropriation
bills. , It is not becoming to the
dignity a great school should have
to compel it to get out every two
years and grovel before a farmer
legislature for a sum of money
sufficiently large to enable it to
exist. It is generally conceded
that the state schools are desirable
and necessary, and it would be a
sensible move to set aside a deti-
nate portion of the state taxes to
maintain "the state schools. We
concede the fact that they must be
supported, so why not save the
legislature the trouble of threshing
the matter out every two years?
Their time is valuable, or at
least it costs the state money, so
a saving to the state would result
if this plan were followed. ' It ap
pears to us that the state institu
tions have begged their living
For Sale. .
A good residence property,
close in. I will take a good team
of mares, wagon and harness, as
part payment on property, you
can see me at the furniture, store
second door west of the post
S. D. Newby.
Roll of Honor.
The following is a list of new sub
scribers and those who have renewed:
F. A. Smith, Lorena, Okla., re
newal. A.. R. Eddington, Longdale, Okla.
A. H. Khodes, Liberal, renewal J
G. O. Brown, Eureka, Kans,, re
C. N.. Watson, Liberal, renewal.
N. A. Ileitschmidt, Liberal Kt. 1
G. S. Spencer, Arkalop, Kans.,
Mrs. May E. Murphy, Meade,
Kans , new.
A. J. Murphy, Plains, Kans., new.
O. M. Nix, Libeaal, Rt. 3 renewal.
Cscar Moon, Liberal, new.
Earl Moon, Liberal, new.
H. G. Vessels, Liberal, renewal.
G. W. Anders, Liberal, renewal.
T. M. Ellis, Lileral Rt. 1 renewal.
A. E. Stephenson, Liberal, Rt. 1
J. N. Evans, Liberal, renewal.
R. J. Sliger, Liberal, Rt. 4 new.
F. M. Bowles, Liberal, Rt. 4 new.
L. H. Sutton, Liberal, renewal.
J. H. Sutton, Bethany, Mo., re
newal. Albert Welch. Emalon, Kans.,
O. D. Nickle, Liberal, renewal.
A. L. Norton, Liberal, Rt. 4 re
newal. W. A. Lowry, Lorena, Okla.,
E. Dudley, Liberal, renewal.
Chris Deitrick, Mt. Pleasant, la.,
E. Seidel, Liberal, renewal. .
I will pay the above reward for
the arrest and conviction of any
person or persons illegally hand
ling, driving off and disposing of
or butchering any of my stock.
C. M. Light,
So far as we have heard, not a
single watch party was held here
last Saturday eve. Is this attri
butable to the dearth of marring
able daughters or the diminishing
number of eligible young men in
ARE WE FREE PEOPLE?
CENTRALIZED POWER AN EN
CROACHMENT ON LIBERTY.
While We Are Guaranteeing Liberty
of Other People, Why Not Guar
. antee Our Own Hope
i At the lethmus President Tail as
sured the inhabitant of Panama that
the United Statea would guarantee
their liberties. He spoke for the
American people as well as for their
government While we are thus guar
anteeing freedom to others, how la It
with ourselves? Are we as free today
aa we were fifty years ago?
So far as legislation ,1s concerned,
negro slavery, the greatest of modern
wrongs, was abolished by a three-line
addition to the constitution. Like the
white people, the blacks were freer
when that amendment was adopted In
1865 than they have ever been since.
Excessive lawmaking, especially ex
cessive lawmaking at Washington,
where centralized power is always
eager for new conquest and nearly
always reckless of personal rights,
cannot Jail to encroach upon true lib
erty. Democracy and imperialism will
One of the surest tests of wise law
making Is Us effectiveness. Judged by
this standard we accomplish little. By
one legislate act, probably uncalled
for In the first place, we make neces
sary many other acts, and finally
whole seotlona. Interests and classes
become Conscious of Interference and
perhaps of oppression.
To create new offenses In morals,
Industry and commerce that are diffi
cult of proof and then by vexatious
and costly espionage to add greatly to
official power and expense la a favor
ite method with those who would gov
ern too much. To establish selfishly
an injustice or an Inequality of some
kind, like the extortionate tariff, and
then attempt by additional laws to
cure the worst of Its corrupt manifes
tations Is another. To ' Increase ex
penditures so that many new forms
of taxation must be resorted to is still
another. Every tax that is 'wasteful
abridges popular rights in more ways
The daring operations of a few great
offenders have brought down upon the
country laws, regulations, spies, In
quisitors, commissions, prosecutors
and tax-devourers that burden the In
dustry and restrict the freedom of mil
lions of houest men. Instead of aiming
straight at guilt, extortion and
wrong, government. In most "cases
avoids them and with new laws pun
ishes the Innocent everywhere. The
policy has been not to penalize crime
but to penalize American freedom,
American citizenship, American enter
prise. We have the protected trusts which
fight competition and tax reduction;
the protected express companies
which fight the parcels post; the sen
ators of privilege who fight popular
elections; the plutocratic interests
which fight the income tax; the Jin
goes and the dollar diplomats who are
opposed to peace; the labor leaders
who fight the courts and freedom of
contract; the Sabbatarians who fight
a rational Sunday, and the prohibition
ists who fight even the sacramental
use of wine. It Is reasonable human
liberty that every one of these Inter
While we are guaranteeing the lib
erty of other peoples, why should we
not guarantee our own? In the mat
ter of morals, In the matter of harm
less amusements and customs, in the
matter of business and industry, In
the matter of food and drink, In the
matter of free Bpech, In the matter of
a free press, In the matter of free la
bor, In the matter of the human right
to enjoy without vicious restrictions
the proceeds of honest toil, and in the
matter of the natural right to be
shielded by society or government
from the blighting effects of favorit
ism, combinations, conspiracies and
monopolies, we are not gaining ground
for liberty. We are losing it.
For Senators by Direct Vote.
The Democratic national platforms
or 1900, 1904 and. 1908 each contained
a declaration In favor of the elec
tion of United Statea senators by di
rect vote of the people. That pub
lic sentiment in support of this pro
ject has been steadily growing In the
past ten years Is undeniable. In the
next Congress the house of repre
sentatives will be fully In the control
of the Democrats, and the senate will
be so constituted that a majority can
be easily commanded by them upon
any proposition which could have the
support ofthe progressive wing of the
Republicans. Of course, -a majority
is not two-thirds, but the time will
have arrived when a proposal to sub
mit to the states a constitutional
amendment providing for the direct
election of senators by the people will
be In all ways opportune. Indeed, if
the amendment were put forward by
the Democrats, the Republicans In the
senate could not oppose It without
furnishing to the other side a very
acceptable bit of campaign material
for the Impending presidential cam
paign. Campaign pledges... the merit
of the case, and calculations of party
expediency, therefore, all conspire to
point to this move as' part of the
coming program of the Democratic
party. Iff the meanwhile, It ia not
untimely to mention that the Roches
ter platform declared for popular elec
tion of senators, and that the party
has an opportunity of aotlng In the
spirit of that declaration without
waiting tor a constitutional amend
nienL- This the Democrats In. the
legislature can do by choosing for
United States senator the kind of man
whom public sentiment will approve
)J F Fuent. Chi
T W Harding
F L Khlnesa
( J P Fuent. Chairman
L A Etiold
Clerk District Court
George A Smith
E S Irwin
C W Flnley
V H Grtiutead
Geo. A. Quintan
A L Knlsely
Judge 32nd Judicial District. Hon William H
Ihoniuson, address, Garden City, Kans.
TERMS OF DI8TBJCT COCBT
Wednesday after third Tuesday of April
Wednesday after second Monday of September
Wednesday after second Tuesday of December
J E Miller
I A E Blake
M H Scandrett
H W Lane
' G. E. Youst
T .1 Smith
Liberal R. R. Time Card.
So. 82. except Sunday, " ... 7:20 a. m
No. 4, Limited " ... 7:10 a. m
No. 2. " ... 11:20 a. m
No.Jt, " ... 2:ii5a.m
No. S3, except Sunday, " ... 8:00 p. m
no. i, ..... i:4o p m
No. 3. Limited. " . . . ll:0n. m
No.33, " ... l; a. m
L. C. Ynctm, Agent.
First published December 2. 1910.
NOTICE FOB PUBLICATION
Department of the Interior. C. 8. Land Of
fice at IHxiire City, Kansas, November 20, 1910.
notice is hereby given that
VIRGIL K. MILLER,
of Springfield, Kansas, who, on February Sfl,
1W4, made homestead entry o. tsm. serial
No. (tojiHi, for the northwest nuarter of section
;t, township 111. rainre 33 west, 'dth principal
meridian, has tiled notice or Intention to make
dual HveTears proof, to establish claim to the
land above (lescrllwil. Iwfore the clerk of the
district court of Seward county, Kansas, at
Liberal, hansas, on ,
JANUAUY 10. 11)11.
Clnlmant name as wltnesses:Vllllam Hyde
and Alvoree I). Lamberson of Farim. Kansas.
Samuel C. Garner of Spi-lniitleld, Kansas, and
rren L. Uhlnessof Harwoou, Kansas.
Not coal laud. ' 11. F. Mii.i.ikas, Keglster.
First published December 16, 1910.
Notice of Dissolution of Part
nership. Notice Is hereby given that the partnership
heretofore existing between Chas. Taylor and
1). G. Hamilton, under the Arm name of Chas.
Taylor & Company, for the purpose okj-on-ductlng
a general drug business In the fit r of
Ltneral, Kansas, has been dissolved and that
I'. G. Hamilton lias retired from said Arm and
business in the city of Liberal. Kansas.
By the terms of such dissolution It Is agreed
that said D. G. Hamilton Is to lie relieved of
all liability for any contracts or bills made
by said llrm.
The said dissolution to take effect October
12-HMt. J CHAS. TAYLUB
f irst published Decembers, 1910. ' ,
NOTICE FOB PUBLICATION -Department
of the Interior, U. S. Land Office
at Dodge City, Kansas, December 3, 1910.
, Notice Is hereby given that '
WILLIAM J. HABltEL,
of Literal. Kansas, who, on February 4, 1904,
made homestead entry 22490, serial No. OWIi,
for the northeast Quarter of section 12, town
ship 34 sou' h. range Hit west. Oth principal me
ridian, has Hied notice of Intention to make
llnal live year proof, to establish claim to the
land aliove described, before the clerk of the
district court of Stevens county, Kansas, at
liugotou, Kansas, on
JANUABY 18, 1911.
Claimant names as witnesses: David W,
Scott. ClArles W. Scott and Walter W. Heath,
all of Liberal. Kansas, and Albert Welch of
Not coal laud. II. F. MILLIKAN. Keglster.
First published Decembers, 1910. .
NOTICE FOB PUBLICATION
Department of the Interior, U. 8. Land Of
fice at Dodge City, Kansas. December 3, 1910.
Notice is hereby given that
WINNIE JUNE HABBEL.
of Ematon, Kansas, who, on February 4, 1904,
made homestead ent..;- wu, serial No. 02676,
for the poth rst quarter of section 12. town
ship 3 south, range 35 west. 6th principal me
ridian, has tiled notice of intention to make
final live years proof, to establish claim to the
land above described, before the probate Judge
of Stevens county, Kansas, at Ilugoton, Kan
JANUABY 18. 1911.
Claimant names as witnesses: David W.
Scott, and Charles W. Scott, both of Liberal,
Kansas, and Jesse O. lianner and Albert
Welch, both of Ematon. Kansas.
Not coal land. H. F. MILLIKAN. Register
J. F. MACY
S. W. SMITH
Office over Citizens Slate Bank Bldg.
Phone 271. Liberal, Kant.
Oklahoma License 275 Kansas License T73
Embalmer and Funeral Director
Special Attention Given to Dlsenterments
Oklahoma Pile Salve
Is now on the market. Painless, and no deten
tlou from bustnesrf Guaranteed or money
refunded. , -
For Sale by all Druggists
Huber& Matthew, Mfr. Tyrone, Okla
Col. C. K.
Better known as
"Rabbit foot Bill"
Town site, commer--
clal and live stock
auctioneer. Write to
Herald for dates.
i i k A
t it. E. George, Pres. ,
C. E. Woods, Cashier
First National Bank
Capital - - - - $25,000
Surplus and Profits $25,000
Hal G. Reid's Jewelry Store
For Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, Silverware, Cut
Glass and Hand Painted China. We do Watch .
Repairing, and "if it ain't right, we'll make
it right" :: :: :: . ::
Watch Inspector for the C. R. 1 & P. Railway.
On E 2nd St.
GEO. S. SMITH & BRO.
Paints, Oil, Glass
Fish and' Poultry
City Meat Market
FRED B. HULLET, Prop.
I buy and sell live stock and pay the highest market
price for butter, eggs, poultry and hides.
Courteous treatment and Prompt Delivery
Your Patronage Solicited
FFish every Thursday
When it comes to furnishing lumber and building
material, we have the finest
in town. , Call and get estimates for the material
for your building
L. A. Etzold, Vice Pres.
We make anything
that can be made
out of -Sheet
Fresh and Cured Meats
Phone us your orders
Get your dates at lite office.
as fitted for this high poet .