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THE ADVOCATE AND NEWS.
V LABOR NEWS.t
' pie Assistant Labor Commissioner.
Few worklngmen appreciate the
amount of labor which la required of
thOj oBiuilHHloner of Labor. He does
not hum quite as prominent an office In
the State House as some of the other
nWrotoera of the State government, and
his contingent fund Is not as large. Rut
S''!-1 '"ilMll'i llli'f,'iJ
' WALtKR L. HOI.COMR.
. his work counts, and a great deal of it
li done In a year by two men like Labor
Commits loner Johimon and his assist
ant,1 Walter L. Holromb. Labor Com
ralHstoner Johnson has been out on the
Union Pacific for two weeks collecting
data -on the BseBHed valuation of real
property. He was recently in the south
eastern part of the State, where he se
cured materia! to aid Attorney General
Iioyle's fight for the enforcement of the
Hcreen and anti-scrip law.
Mv Holcomb Is a hard worker in the
ofJlce, where much of the hard work of
gettfus gathered material in shape falls
upon him. He had previous experience
TnruJ&r Commissioner Todd and is full of
valuable information regarding labor
matters. He Is especially an authority
on prison reform.
- iiX. Holcomb was born iu Hlpley
comity, Indiana, September 23. 1856, and
came to Kansas in 187.1. He taught
schoo); there for several years and after
ward acted as Superintendent of Public
Instruction of Morton county. Since
189Q, when he assumed charge of a Popu
list piper in liutler county, he has been
' engaged In newspaper work, excepting
. the tlpie he has been In the Lalor Com
missioner's office. He is married and
has, three boys.
...BOYLE HELPS THE MINEKS.
. Will Vigorously Enforce the Screen and
1 ' ,'j.v Anti-Scrip Laws.
Tli'ininers of southeast Kansas have
foun a fighting friend. It is L. C.
Boyle, Kansas' Attorney General. In
1893 the Legislature passed a screen law,
which 'provided that miners should have
all coal brought out of the mine, which
was accepted by operators weighed be
fore if was screened. It had been the
practice of the operators to ecept the
result of the miners' work, run the coal
over a coarse screen, and then pay only
for tl lump coal which did not pass
through. This law has been persistently
; ' violated by the operators, and the miners
were, robbed to the value of the coal
which, passed through the screen and
was afterward sold. The anti-scrip law
was passed by the last Legislature and
was iryknded to prevent one of the worst
swindles, ever perpetrated on laboring
men. The operators have stores and
pay-their employes In scrip or checks
which, are redemable at their face value
at the Htore only. The miner is com
pelled to trade there or accept a big
.discount on his check. If he does trade
there, he is charged exorbitant prices
'for the necessaries of life. This law
provides that wages' must be paid in
cash or in checks or drafts on some
bank. It Is being violated also. County
Attorney Widley, of Crawford county,
whols a Populist and 'who is acting
in concert with Attorney General Boyle,
has begun a criminal action against an
- operator who is violating both laws.
petitions by the score, acquainting him
1 wfift the facta relative to violations of
theBlaw,ond asking his assistance in
their enforcement, have been pouring
in to Attorney General Uoyle, and he
lias taken the matter up. The case of the
arrested operator will be tried at Glrard,
December 2, and Mr. Boyle will make
the effort of his life to secure conviction
The operators urge that the laws are
unconstitutional. This is not a new
argument, though It is the favorite
weapon with which corporations fight
laws which 'are intended to diminish
their power to rob the laboring man.
Local Labor Notes.
The barbers meet Monday night.
Conrad Mayer's barber shop Is still
E. D. Wilcox is no longer with Miller
Switchmen's ball at Hamilton Hall to
W. II. Callahan, of Barbers' No. 25 is
ljlng at the point of death.
Pioneer Council No. 1 of the Ameri
can Labor Union has over 200 members.
W. II. Low and John Pleasant, of Bar
ber's No. Z, who have been sick, are
at their chairs again.
Barber's union No. 25 has subscribed
lor copies .of the Advocate and News
for every union shop in town.
Elmer Wagner and Mrs. Llnnie Bar
ttger were married Thursday morning at
Lawrence by Judge Norton. They are
residing at 113 West Eleventh street.
A prominent dgarmaker says that if
Topeka smokers patronized home-made
cigars as they should there would be
sixty more menemplnyed here In that
trade. Here's a thinker for the Com
From present indications the receipts
and expenses of the Trades Assembly
ball will about balance. The ball went
off successfully, but the crowd was not
large enough to entirely overcome the
expense. Everything was done that
could be done to push the ball on, ex
cept that .all who had an interest in it
did not take as active a part as possible
in selling tickets. There was no com
plaint made as to the ball itself, and
outside of finances everything was more
European Trip Converts Madden.
W. T. Madden, of Wlnfleld, has re
cently returned from a trip to England,
and the Courier (Rep.) says:
He says there is quite a sentiment in
England in favor of international bimet
allism, but it lb opposed by bankers and
business men almost to a man. He
studied the financial system of England
carefully and believes It to be a good,
very simple and easily comprehended.
The most important feature of his
observations was his indorsement of the
government ownership of the telegraph.
H estudied the plan carefully and Is fully
convinced that It is a success. The ser
vice there under government control Is
more satisfactory and cheaper by half
than in this country under private own
ership, and yet the government last year
cleared over $4,000,000 from the busi
ness. On account of its cheapness and
the manner in which It Is conducted
telegraph Is used much more there than
here and is a great convenience to the
TO ( I KK A tOI.I IN ONE 1AY
Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. All
Druggists refund the money if It falls to
REAL ESTATE KJEMIES.
A. A. MAJORS, 111 E. EHiUTII AVE.,
CENTRAL RENTAL AGENCY.
lood houses fur nale or rent. Loans and Innurance
W acres. :i'4 miles out ; S1.H00; one-half cash;
former price $4,000.
HO acres, only II miles out. verv nice;
one-fifth cash; former price $5,000.
tWacre8.fi miles out; $I.S00; one-half cash.
40 acres. (I miles out ; $I.1K; one-half cash.
at acres. It miles out; jUiOO; mo-half cash.
Houses anil lots on payment plan. Almve
places all well Improved.
JOHN L. HOWARD, 418 Kriisim Ave.
A BIG BARGAIN'. ONK ft-HORSE POWER
engine, nearly re; one 8hore power
boiler with new Hues, and all the fixtures
only l2ft. Add reus or come tod see It at Pu
rine's 1'low Works, Topeka, Kas.
CUHtS WHiHk all HXflAilS
Beat Cough Syrup. Tames Good
Intlmrt. Sold brdmpglMs
.,,,, ,,,,,,, i, , , t i ... ,
VTT i I VT I T'i 1 H T r TT I I I t r i l '
'' ADVANTAGES OF UNIONISM.
Some of the advantages of (trades
Protection from the selfish competi
tion of laborers for work as individuals,
which would speedily reduce wages to
the subsistence point where the supply
of labor exceeds the demand. This ap
pears to be the normal state of affairs
under present economic conditions.
A liberal education as to the laborer's
relation to his employer and the business
world, and as to where his wages come
from and how and under what condi
tions the emploer Is able to pay them.
While, on the one hand, through the
mingling of the counsels of the conser
vative family man with the foot-loose
radical unreasonable demands upon la
bor are prevented, on the other side, ser
vile acquiescence in injustice is unlikely.
Unionism imposes a restraint on the
hogglshness of the selfish and aggres
sive, and cultivates self-respect in the
careless and indolent.
By forcing the study of economic con
ditions Into his own immediate affairs
it makes the laborer more solicitous as
to the welfare of the business in which
he may be engaged, and by showing him
the intertwining of his own condition
with that of others it makes him a stu
dent of social ethics and a good citizen.
Subjection to discipline by his organiza
tion and seeing and acknowledging the
necessity for it he is tended to become
law-abiding and deaf to anarchistic the
ories. The sick and death benefits teach
him that he is, to some extent at least,
his brother's keeper and cultivate in him
a fraternal feeling.
The employer, knowing the union
scale and that he can contract with a
responsible organization for comnetent
'tabor on that basis, is enabled at all
times to make close and correct esti
mates on the cost of labor when bidding
for work, and this cannot be done with
In conclusion, It may be said that in
a social system founded on the Chris
tian philosophy, a trades union being
purely selfish and of militant nature
would be as unnecessary as a militia
company in heaven, but so long as the
wolf of free competition Is snapping at
the heels of laborers struggling for ex-
istence the trades union is the only
barrier between the wage-worker and
slavery; and while trades unionism as
It exists to-day cannot withstand criti
cism as to the crudeness of its methods
and the ineffectiveness, in many in
stances, of its policies, yet it has within
it the germ of a more Christian and bet
ter civilization. WM. H. MARRS.
on your printing. It Is a guaranty of skilled
and fair-paid workmanship. The following
newspaper, job and book offices In Topeka
employ Union Labor and ace worthy of.-your
The Kansas Farmer..
The Advocate and News.
The Mall and Breeze.
The Topeka Capital.
The Topeka State Journal.
The Kansas News.
Crane Printing Co.
Kansas State Printing Co.
Hall Lithographing Co.
The Mall Printing House.
The Topeka Printing Co.
The Gillies Printing Co.
TherL'nlon Itarber Shops of Topeka are:
Oaoar Bhaoffer 819 Kansas Ave.
Callahan A Brown 8111 Kansas Ave.
Sheard & Knecbt 035 Kaunas Ave.
Nelson A Harmon 00I Kansas Ave.
Thomas Davis M5 Kansas Ave.
Miller, Ilammon & Wilcox ,...4'.'S Kansas Ave.
V A. Outsell & Bon 881 Kansas Ave.
Oscar Rader 215 Kansas Ave.
Whit mere Bros 732 Kansas Ave.
Royal Barber Shop 710 Kansas Ave.
Jeff CaldweM. 108 E. Seventh St.
Capital Barber Shop 60S Kansas Ave.
fifth Avenue Hotel Barber Shop.... 1 lit Kast fifth St.
M. C Wright 120:1 K. Sixth Ave.
Joe Ktee 408 K. fourth Ave.
Star Barber Shop 820 N. Kansas Ave.
H. B. Wood 8H4 Kansas Ave.
flfl TTTtrTTiMM"tTttTtTttTrrT"TiiT '
yl rrr rrr r r i rn v n V I n r '
What's the Advantage
In Being a Union Man?
Write out your idea of the advantages of unionism in
an article of not more than 500 words, and Bend it to the
Advocate and News. The Advocate and News will pay
; $5 for the best article of that character and $2.50 for the
second best, and will publish any others found worthy.
Write your name and address on the first page of your
article. Send it in early. Address it to the ADVOCATE
AND NEWS, 111 E. Eighth Ave., Topeka.
k In ' I'l ill :'' - I. .AiVin'.ti 'in 'n'lLliWH"lH'1'1
709 KANSAS AVK.
AUKKBACII ft GUETTEL.
NOW'S THE TIME FOR
Great stacks in our store thia week. Great stacks have pone out, too
taken by people who knew where to get what they wanted at prices they
wanted to pay. We have what you want come in and get it.
fJsn's Fins Overcoats,
Made of genuine Koyal Kersey Muck.
Brown and Blue color made with raw
wdfres-lined with triple warp leather cloth
some with black Clay Worsted -usual
prices on mis quality are
On Hale Now at...
Man's Fine Patent Mm Ulstsrs,
With larire storm collars lined with double
warn leather cloth finely finished inde-
siruciiDie sieeve linings
usual price on tnis tine
ster is f 14.
On Sm Now at
Men's Fir.3 All Wool Kersey 0 vsrcsals
Exquisitely lined and finished with lap
seams, Mohair sleeve lining, made and cut
in latest style ana wortn
every cent of $10.
Now on Sale at
tali's Irish Frisze Ulsters,
Oxford and Brown colors, lined with neat
check cashmere large storm collars
double stitched, pockets stayed are ac
tually $u uisiers in any
On Special Sale at.
Overcoats at $5; Ulsters at S4.75 Big Bargains.
We are ready for your mall orders. Prompt and perfect service is our motto.