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THE ADVOCATEnAND NEWS.
Bleep and Chickens.
Sheep are especially sensitive to the
kind of soil from whlcn they are to
feed. Some are better adapted to up
lands or hills, and others to lower
grounds and richer pastures. Some are
better adapted to produce good mutton,
others to produce finer and larger fleeces
of higher priced wool. The farmer's
land and his markets for mutton and
wool and the special attention he can
give his flock, should determine for him
the kind of sheep he should select for the
beginning of a new flock. Almost any
kind that can live on his farm and under
his care, may pay expenses; but only the
best breeds and those best adapted to his
circumstances will afford the most profit,
and these are the kinds he should pur
chase for a starter.
Sheep and chickens when once estab
lished on a farm, hold their place for a
long time. The more necessity, there
fore, for making good selections In the
beginning. Each man should determine
beforehand what he Intends to try to
do, and then make his choice of breed
in acordance with his plans, and work
toward the end in view. Sheep and
chickens may seem Bide stock raising to
farmers who raise corn and wheat by
the hundreds of acres, but tbey often
prove that the profits from these side
stock raisings add much to the pin
money of the farmer's wife, and to the
ready cash of the farmer himself, and
that the time and expense used in fur
nishing a small herd of good sheep or a
flock of good chickens for his wife and
family to care for, pay better than any
other Investments, In time or money, he
has ever made on his farm. If the larg
est profit Is to result, the best breeds
must be selected and the best care must
be used to accomplish what you have un
dertaken. Select your sheep with care and Judg
ment, and they will soon pay expenses.
Journal of Agriculture.
Gost of Raising Corn,
A few weeks , ago, the Orange-Judd
Farmer published an article showing
that corn can be produced at 6 cents a
bushel. Mr. O. V. Waters, in the Jour
nal of Agriculture, says the estimates of
that paper are "Immeasurably low and
wholly misleading so far as the cost
of the three items of 'removing Btalks,
plowing, harrowing and planting' are
concerned. For Instance the estimates
for 'removing stalks': In the first place
it Is not good farm practice to remove
the stalks unless they are cut at the
proper time for feed,- In which case their
removal would not come in as an item
of cost in the preparation for the sue
ceeding crop. But the estimate given
.03.1 cents per acre would give a man
uud two-horse team about 31 cents a
day for the work of cutting the stalks
with a cutter or for raking and burning.
"Plowing, harrowing and planting are
all three grouped and put at 54.9 cents
per acre. Let us take each separately,
and see how much time would be re
quired for a man and team of two horses
to do one acre. In plowing, two and a
quarter acres a day is fully up to the
average for a two-horse outfit, but make
It two and a half acres. This makes two
fifths of a day per acre. In preparing
ground for, corn it should receive two
harrowings. Fifteen acres a day is more
than the average amount that may be
gone over with a two-horse team; but
say a team does that much and we have
two-fifteenths of a day per acre. In
planting, twelve acres a day Is -good
work with a check-rower, hence one
twelfth of a day per acre would be re
quired to plant. Add together two-fifths,
two-fifteenths and one-twelfth and we
have thirty-seven sixtieths of a day for
0.549, or 89 cents a day.
"Take the next item, cultivation. There
is is a wider range as to amount of work
done in this than in the preparation.
The average amount should not be less
than two harrowings and three plow
lngs. Fourteen acres a day for harrow
ing, and seven acres a day for cultivation
would give four-sevenths of a day per
acre, which, at 0.559, would be 97 cents
per day for man and team. According to
the above estimates, the number of days
actual time required to raise-one acre
of corn would be one hundred and thirty
one four hundred and twentieths, which,
at the rate given by O. J. Farmer, would
pay the farmer for one man and team
just 86 cents a day, all told.
"The estimates for gathering and crib-
lt . . 1 . 1 l . AV - i .
uuig are auuui ngiii, i.-2 ueuuf yer
bushel being the average price paid in
Breeder's Gazette asks: Where are the
good fat native cattle of the future to
come from? This Is a query which nat
urally arises at this time. Receipts of
Westerns at the Chicago yards are heav
ily short of last season. Several reasons
are advanced to account for this, but the
one of greatest Interest to the farmers
of the corn States Is the fact that thou
sands of range-raised cattle which In
previous years would have gone direct to
the dressed beef trade have been side
tracked somewhere between the great
grazing grounds and the Chicago yards,
and instead of going to the block this
fall havo been secured by eager buyers
for feeding purposes. Never in the his
tory of the cattle trade has the transfer
of 6tock from Western grass to the corn
crlba of the central valleys assumed
euch startling proportions.
Drying Vegetables in California,
drying vegetables in California.
A San Francisco paper, referring to
new and Improved processes for drying
vegetables in that State, says:
"Vegetables, like potatoes and carrots,
are poured Into the hopper of the cutting
machine, where rotating knife blades
cut them Into slices a quarter of an Inch
thick. After being sliced the tubers are
slightly sulphured In a wooden chamber.
Here great discrimination must be used.
If they are sulphured too much the po
tatoes will taste of the fumes; if too
little they will not contain enough anti
septic property, and bacteria attracted
by the starch will develop. A little sul
phuring is absolutely necessary to pre
serve the color of the vegetables to some
extent, and to prevent decay. The next
transition of the fruit is to the evapo
rator, a sort of small Ferris wheel, con
Elstlng of a brick oven with glass win
dows. This Is revolved close to hot pipes
for a few hours. When this stage is
passed the potatoes resemble dry chips,
and It takes six or seven pounds of the
fresh to make one pound of the dried.
Onions are so pungent that bacteria do
not take kindly to them. They are,
therefore, only slightly sulphured before
drying. The drying process shrivels
them so much that it takes twenty parts
of fresh onions to make one of the dried.
The sight of the tears of the employes
whose eyes are smarting from the fumes
of the onions under preparation Is al
most pathetic. Carrots dry In the ratio
of one part of dried to nine parts Of
fresh vegetable. The Industry has proved
very profitable, as the dried fruit is In
demand all over the country, and espe
cially in the mining districts. It is not
unlikely that further improvements may
soon be made in the drying process. It
has been suggested that steam be em
ployed. In such cases, the starch in the
potatoes would be partly cooked and
sterilized, and after this the tubers
could be evaporated as before. In this
way the potato could be rid of sulphur,
.well dried, end yet be capable of being
quickly soaked, and there would be no
chance for bacteria to develop."
"Among the Ozarku."
"The Land of Big Red Apples" Is an
attractive and interesting book, hand
somely illustrated with views of south
Missouri scenery, Including the famous
Olden fruit farm of 3,000 acres In Howell
county. It pertains to fruit raising In
that great fruit belt of America, the
southern slope of the Ozarks, and will
prove of great value, not only to fruit
growers, but to every farmer and home
seeker looking for a farm and a home.
Mailed free. Address J. E. Lockwood,
Kansas City. Mo.
Santa Fe Route California Limited,
The California Limited now runs twice
a week between Chicago and Las An
geles, via Santa Fe Route. The third
annual season for this magnificent train.
Equipment of superb vestlbuled Pull
man palace sleepers, buffet smoking car,
and through dining car managed by Mr.
Fred Harvey. Most luxurious service
via any line, and the fastest time.
Another express train, carrying pal
ace and tourist sleepers, leaves daily for
' Inquire of Local Agent A., T. & S. F.
The Union Pacific
Passes through the best cities and towns
of Kansas, Colorado, Wyoming and
Utah, and is the best route to Denver,
Cheyenne, Salt Lake City, San Fran
cisco, Portland and all Puget Sound
The advantages gained by traveling
via the Union Pacific are quick time, un
equaled service, magnificent equipment,
double drawing-room Pullman palace
Bleepers, Pullman dining cars, free re
clining chair cars, Pullman tourist sleep
ers. For time tables, pamphlets descriptive
of the country traversed, rates of fare,
sleeping car accommodations, or any
other information, apply to F. A. Lewis,
City Ticket Agent.
J. C. Fulton, Depot Agent.
Pain Was Maddening and Mop
Had Been Abandoned-Wonder
ful Results of Purifying the Blood.
" A very severe pain came in my left
knee, which grew wore and wonte, and
finally a sore broke out above the knee.
It discharged a great deal and the pain
from my thigh down was maddening.
Large, hard, purple spots appeared on my
leg. I suffered in this way for years,
and gave up all hope of ever being cured.
My wife was reading of a caso like mine
cured by Hood's Sarsaparllla, and she
advised me to try it. I began taking it
and when I had used a few bottles I
found relief from my Buffering. Oh,
how thankful I am for this relief ! I am
stronger than I have ever been in my life.
I am in the bent of health, have a good
appetite and am a new man altogether."
J. P. Moors, Lisbon Falls, Maine. .
Is the best In fact the Ono Trim Blood Puriflpr.
Hood's Pills cure all liver ills. Scents.
. I OUii SUCCtSirUL INCUIAIU win
prove it it jouum it. Sen
new t!H page ouUlou and ntndf the
nnd poultry culture uenerallir.
A We manufacture a greater Tiiri
,eti of Inoubatora and Hroodera
than on.nth.rHrm Alt
frloe. rrom fN.tAl to win.
i AO to
Teetimonlatibr DtS MQINS S IWC'S, CO.
tha yard. , lift Bo 147 DEfl MOINES. IOWA.
(BPHEaD MPO. CO.,
Dept. A. 298 E. 22nd St., Chicago.
A. GOJUD 130JLrXrAJ
!?JV"1w.li' bou'' tha actual worth of
and cnmulrta deiwrtntlnn of
' tha Rallnbla Inouhntor
' k the ItrooiW of earne nam,
tonnth.Hr with cut ana In
miction, fnr build' nodltrr
nounett ana ntiwn oi imerent
P. W. GRIGGS & CO.,
to ves, Stoves 1 Stoves
208 WEST SIXTH STREET, TOPEKA, KAS.
Foot of Quincy Stn Topeka, Kansas.
WHAT WE BUY:
We pay the highent market price
for all live stock.
Sell your stock at Topeka and
save in shrinkage from shipping
Baseless Pip' Feet,
All nf ,"pp ;o;t 1-IIty that
can be maue.
For all wholesome and dainty foods use
our O. K LAUD. It is absolutely -pure, arid
whon once tried will always bo used.