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the Advocate and news.
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WILLIAM ALFRED 1'EITER,
The Farmers' U. S. Senator of Kansas
Elected January 27th, 1891.
Olio of the most agreeable duties which lias been assigned me for some time, is
that of saying something of interest to the public of ex-Senator Peffer. So much
has been written of his life, that extended reference to his life work would seem
unnecessary. He is a Pennsylvania by birth, and is now 66 years old. He be
gan life as a teacher, afterward becoming a farmer. Prior to the war he resided
in Indiana, then in Missouri, and later in Illinois, from which State he enlisted
in the army in 1862. He held numerous positions in the service. They were Sec
ond Lieutenant, regimental quartermaster, and adjutant, post adjutant, Judge
Advocate of a military commission, and depot quartermaster at Nashville. He
was mustered out in 1865 and began the practice of law. at Clarksville, Tenn,,
having studied during odd hours while In the army. In 1870, he came to Kansas
and engaged in the newspaper and law business. His papers were the Fredonla
Journal and Coffeyvllle Journal. He became a State Senator in 1874 and a
Garfield Presidential Elector in 1880. In 1881, he became editor of the Kansas
Farmer, from which position he retired to become a United States Senator In
1891. When his term expired, last March, he became editor of the Advocate. The
new management of the paper has beep fortunate in securing his services for its
Farm department, a line of work in whn-h he is an authority.
The writer has, by association, come to know the Senator well. It is to hi3
credit that every man who was ever Intimately acquainted with him has become
a life-long friend. As an employer he wins the unqualified respect and esteem of
his employes. No man employed by him ever had good reason to complain of un
just treatment at his hands. Although careful and economical in financial mat
ters, he was never known to complain about a bill for labor, his customary re
mark being, "I have no doubt you have earned it and more." A man who is more
considerate of the rights, feelings and views of others does not live. When
work Is allotted to him It i3 always ready promptly and is done well. He is a
great lover of home and spends very little if any time except there and at his
place of business. He is temperate in all things, having the simplest and most
sensible habits. Method and system are found in all of his work. His knowledge
of work in which he has been engaged, whether In public or private life, covers
the minutest details. In the Senate he was a "walking encyclopedia," and was
consulted about matters requiring information relative to public affairs by his
fellow Senators more generally than any other Senator, with the possible excep
tion of a few of the old veterans who had been there for a lifetime. He is not
a politician in the sense that the word is now used. He could not adapt himself
to modern political methods, which is to his credit. His idea of the line of a
public officer's duty was to do that which, after mature consideration, seemed to
be right, and trust to the people to indorse his action. With his retirement from
public life the people lost the services of a clean, honest, honorable man and a
most faithful and untiring worker in their interest. J. W. MORPHY.
Are Both Guilty of Plagiarism?
It has been discovered that the
Thanksgiving proclamation or Gov
ernor Stephens, of Missouri, and Gov
ernor Pingree, of Michigan, are almost
identically the same. It is clear that
one was a rewriting of the other or that
they are both copied from a third. Gov
ernor Stephens says that his was writ
ten four days before Pingree's was given
out. Pingree says he was very busy,
and asked the Secretary of ' State
to prepare it. The Secretary of State
nays that he looked back over a lot of
old proclamations and selected one is
sued by ex-Governor Rich as a suitable
one, and signed Pingree's name to it
and gave it out. Stephens must, there
fore, have taken his from the same
proclamation. At any rate the inci
dent will cause both Governors unlim
During the session of the National
Grange at Harrisburg, Pa., last week,
an Indiana delegate reported that the
Grange fire insurance companies of his
State were now carrying J45.000.000
worth of property, with a saving to the
Grange members of 50 per centum.
The best Thanksgiving -dinner in To
peka will be served at Mrs. Wiley's cafe,
117 E. Eighth ave. Only 35 cents.
H. H. Underwood, car repairer in the
Jamestown shops of the Central Branch,
has a 100-pound turtle which will take
the place of a large number of turkeys
at Jamestown to-morrow.
A SINGLE TRIP FARE
Plus $2 is cost of round trip ticket via
Santa Fe Route to principal points in
Arkansas, Arizona, Indian Territory,
Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma and
Texas provided ticket is purchased on
December 7, 1897. Liberal limits and
Passengers arriving at Chicago by the
Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway
can, by the new Union Elevated Loop,
reach any part of the city, or for a 5-cent
fare can be taken Immediately to any of
the large stores in the down-town dis
trict. A train will stop at the Rock
Island "station every minute. These fa
cilities can only be offered by the "Great
Rock Island Route." Address
JOHN SEBASTIAN, G. P. A.,
. - Chicago,
POSTAL SAVINGS BANKS.
1 WHH-'!-HH! WhH- I-l-I-l ! I-H ?
In a recent issue of the Chicago Rec
ord appeared a large number of letters
from Congressmen expressing them
selves in favor of postal savings banks.
Here are some of the declarations:
Representative Mann, Illinois (Repub
lican) "I am earnestly in favor of a
postal savings bank system. It would
help the poor; it would encourage thrift;
It would add to the ordinary desire to
save money; it would make people be
lieve that their savings were secure from
swindlers and speculators."
Senator Allen, Nebraska (Populist)
"The scheme as a whole la feasible and
in the line of what the-Populist party
and its adherents have advocated for
Representative Vincent, Kansas (Pop
ulist) "I have been advocate of such a
system for many years and am surprised
it has not been put into operation by our
lawmakers long ago. The system has
everything to recommpnd it, and I have
yet to hear one reasonable objection
Senator iidze. Massachusetts (Repub
lican) "When I first entered Congress
I introduced a bill (1877) for the estab
lishment of postal savings banks, but as
I met with but little support I did not
press it at that time. I thoroughly be
lieve in the establishment of these banks
and shall be more than glad to do any
thing I can to forward any practical
measure relating to them."
Representative Cummlngs, New York
(Democrat) "I have carefully read the
bill sent me for the . establishment of
postal savings banks in the United States
and am with you heart and soul."
Representative Bartholdt, Missouri
(Republican) "I have myself 'fathered'
such a measure in each of the last three
Congresses. I sincerely trust that the
Fifty-fifth Congress will not adjourn
without having put some such law on the
Senator Wilson, Washington (Repub
lican) "I am heartily in favor of the es
tablishment of postal savings banks in
tho United States, and shall render such
service to bring about their establish
ment in this country as may be in my
Representative Strode, Nebraska (Re
publican)"! am in favor of the estab
lishment of postal savings banks in this
Representative Jones, Washington
(Populist) "I have for many years been
convinced that a system of postal sav
ings banks would be highly beneficial to
the people, and the government could en
gage In no more laudlble undertaking
than that of encouraging thrift and econ
omy among our citizens of limited means
by furnishing them an opportunity for
safe and convenient investment of their
Representative Taylor, Ohio (Repub
lican) "I. am heartily in favor of the es
tablishment of such banks." ,
Representative Landla, Indiana (Re
publican) "The people generally are be
coming greatly interested in the subject,
and I have no doubt that a postal sav
ings bank bill will be passed next ses
sion. It seems strange that such a bill
was not passed long ago. It offers great
stimulus to thrift and industry and will
make money-savers and home-builders
of tens of thousands of people who would
give no thought of the morrow,' so far
as laying up money is concerned."
Representative Lewis, Washington
(Populist) "I have been a constant ad
vocate of the system for the last five
Senator Carter, Montana (Republican)
"I have for many years been favorable
to a system of postal savings banks and
hope to be able to assist in the enast
ruent of a wiBe law having that end In
Representative Norton, Ohio (Demo
crat)"! am heartily in accord with the
general idea, for I deem it patriotic and
of general benefit to the people."
Representative Taylor, Alabama (Dem
ocrat) I am heartily in favor of a postal
savings bank system and will take great
pleasure In giving my support to such
a measure at the ensuing December term
of Congress." -
Of Course, Bobbers Prefer Gold.
November 8. Burglars, unobserved
and unmolested, blew open the safe In
the State bank at Vermillion, taking
$2,200 in gold and paper money. The
silver was left only because it was too
heavy to carry.
The foregoing dispatch was taken
from the Kansas City Journal, Novem
ber 9. It gives a pretty good reason for
a larger use of silver, although it was
printed in a paper that does not advo
cate the free coinage of silver. Eureka
THIS WEEK'S MARKETS.
Kansas City Grain.
Kansas City, Nov. 22.
WHEAT Slow, about steady. No. 1
hard, 84085c; No. 3. 78082c; No. 4, 76
SOc; No. 1 red, 92c; No. 3, 86088c; No. 4,
S408Gc; No. 2 spring, 81Vic; No. 3, 78ft
CORN Active, steady. No. 2 mixed,
OATS-Firm, fairly active. No. 2
RYE Firm. No. 2, 43V&C.
HAY Steady. Choice timothy, $8.50
8.75; choice prairie, $707.25.
BUTTER Unchanged. Creamery, 18
020c; dairy, 10315c.
EGGS Higher. Fresh candled, 17c; '
Kansas Oity Live Stock.
CATTLE Receipts, 6,000. Market
fteady to strong. Texas steers, $2.60
3.90; Texas cows, $203.30; native steers,
$3.2504.95; native cows and heifers,
$1.5004; stockers and feeders, $304.35;
HOGS Receipts, 7,000. Market steady
to 5 c higher.. Bulk of sales, $3.4003.45;
heavies, $3.2503.47; packers, $3,250
3.40; mixed, $3.4003.50; lights, $3,250
3.50; yorkers, $3.4503.50; pigs, $2,900
SHEEP Receipts, 2,000. Market firm.
Lambs, $4.5005.75; muttons, $2.5004.75.
19 Texas steers 1140
22 Texas cows 1091
18 native steers 1392
21 native cows and heifers . . 911
47 stockers and feeders 602
7 bulls 879
The best Thanksgiving dinner -in To
peka will be served at Mrs. Wiley's cafe,
117 E. Eighth ave. Only 35 cents.
FIFTEEN HOURS QUICKER TIME
And many miles shorter distance, in ad
dition to a daily service of Pullman'
palace and tourist sleepers and free
chair cars to Loa Angeles are a few of
the advantaged offered only by the Santa
Wishing to know the truth In regard
to their health should not fall to Becd
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which will be sent FREE for a short,
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Ilewure of Ointment for Catarrh That Con
As mercury will Burcly destroy the sense
of smell and completely derange the
whole system when entering it through
the mucuous surfaces. Such articles
should nver be used except on prescrip
tions from reputable physicians, as the
damage they will do is ten fold to the
good you can possibly derive from them.
Hall's Catarrh Cure, manufactured by
F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio, con
tains no mercury, and is taken inter
nally, acting directly upon the blood
and mucuous surfaces of the system. In
buying Hall's Catarrh Cure be sure you
get the genuine. It is taken internally,
and made in Toledo, Ohio, by F. J.
Cheney & Co. Testimonials free.
Sold by druggists, price 75c. per bottle.
Hall's Family Pills are the best
An old physician, retired from practice, b a v
log bad placed lo bis hand by an Kaet India
mustonery tbe formula of a simple veetable
remedy for the speed? a d permanent cu eof
Consumption, Bronchitis, Catarrh, As'hma,
nd all Throat and Lung Affections, al 0 a
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tested Its wonderful curative powers In thou
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this motive and a desire to relieve human suf
fering, I will sena free of charge, to sll who
detre It, this recipe, In German, French or
English, with full directions for preparing
'noosing. Sent bymsll by addressing with
tamp, naming this paper. W, A. Notits, Wtf
Povxri" Block, Rochtnttr, Hi. Y.