Newspaper Page Text
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Devoted id me Ber Interests or rite Me, the 5hop nd the farm
Eleventh Year, No. 15.
TOPEKA, KANSAS, APRIL 12, 1899.
flUCK V1VK CKNTS.
To the Filipinos.
American Commission at Manila As
sures Natives of This Country's
(food Will and Desire to
FULL LIST OF KANSANS KILLED.
Matters in the Philippines have been
rather quiet the past week, the Ameri
cana having suspended hostilities chiefly to
give the Filipinos time to digest a procla
mation issued by tlte United States Phil
ippine commission. This proclamation,
which was issued early last week, aasures
the Filipinos of the cordial good will and
fraternal feeling of the president and peo
ple of the United States and asserts that
the object which the United States gov
ernment, aside from its solemn obligations,
has assumed toward the family of nations
is the well-being, prosperity and happiness
of the Philippine people and their elevation
and advancement to a position among the
most civilized peoples of the world.
"Unfortunately," says the proclamation,
"these pure aims and purposes of the Amer
ican government and people have been mis
interpreted to some of the inhabitants of
certain islands, and in consequence the
friendly American fortes, without provoca
tion or cause, have been openly attacked.
Why these hostilities? What do the best
Filipinos desire? Can it be more than the
United States is ready to give? They say
they are patriots and want liberty."
There are eleven articles in the procla
mation, setting forth America's intentions
"1. The supremacy of the United States
must and will be enforced throughout every
part of the archipelago. Those who resist
can accomplish nothing except their own
"2. The amplest liberty of self-government
will be granted which is reconcilable
with just, stable, effective and economical
administration and compatible with the
sovereign rights and obligations of the
"3. The civil rights of the Filipinos will
be guaranteed and protected, their religious
freedom will be assured, and all will have
equal standing before the law.
"4. Honor, justice and friendship forbid
the exploitation of the people of the islands.
The purpose of the American government
is the welfare and advancement of the Phil
"5. The United States government guar
antees an honest ami effective civil service,
in which to the fullest extent practicable
natives shall be employed.
"6. The collection and application of
taxes and other revenues will be put upon
a sound, honest and economical basis. The
public funds, raised justly and collected
honestly, will be applied only to defraying
the proper expenses of the establishment
and the maintenance of the Philippine gov
ernment and such general improvements as
public interests demand. Local funds col
lected for local purposes shall not be di
verted to other ends. With such prudent
and honest fiscal administration it is be
lieved the needs of the government will in
a short time become compatible with a con
siderable reduction in taxation.
"7. The establishment of a pure, Bpeedy
and effective administration of justice, by
which the evils of delay, corruption and ex
ploitation will be effectively eradicated.
"ft'The construction of roads, railroads
and other means of communication and
m'tJmX -uan if
H..ySy Faas Monti U
ffWMOoliVn Y $i
BATTLE GROUNDS NEAR MANILA.
It la difficult for one reading of happenings in a distant and strange land to fully
appreciate the subject, because of lack of geographical knowledge. ThU has been
especially true of recent eventa in and around Manila. The accompanying map wilL
therefore, prove valuable.
transportation and other public works of
manifest advantage to the people will be
"9. Domestic and fore:gn trade and com
merce and Other industrial pursuits and tho
general development of the country in the
interest or us inhabitants will he the con
stant objects of solicitude and fostering
"10. Effective provision will be made for
the establishment of elementary schools, in
which the children of the neonle will h
educated. Appropriate facilities will also
be provided for higher education.
11. Ueforms in all departments of trov-
ernment, all branches of the public service
and all corporations closely touching the
common life of the neonle must le under.
taken without delay and effected conforma
bly with common right and justice, in a
way to satisfy the well-founded demands
and the highest sentiments and aspirations
of the Philippine people."
Foil Llt of Kansans KUUd In the rhlllp-
Adjutant General Fox has prepared the
following list of members of the Twentieth
Kansas killed in action or dead from dis
ease in the Philippine warfare:
Alfred C. Alford. Lawrence, first lieu
tenant, B. age 23, single, killed In action;
relative, D. 8. Alford, Lawrence.
Alhert S Anlhol InJonj n.ll
O, age 29, Blngle, killed In action; relative,
iuiB. x, j. AniDai, corceyvuie.
Lewis R. Badger, Kansas City, Kans.,
nriVfltP- F ACTA V.'t alnclo lUnA nt Alaoun-
relative, L. M. Badger, Turner.
William H. Bash. Fort Scott, private,
V. age 22, single, died of disease; relative,
AiiuierMi. xiiinn, lurner.
Sim F Ttarhfr Ahllono nr-),rfn T. r rra
20, single, died of disease'; relative, M. L.
Edcyl P. Blair. Topeka, private, A. age
2!, single, died of disease; relative, E. P.
Blair. Thornfleld, Mo.
Orlin L. Birlew. Independence, private,
L, age 21, single, killed In action; relative,
S. Birlew, Fredonla.
Isaac C. Cooper, Kansas City, Kana.. cor-
relative, Mrs. I.f C. Cooper, Baztne.
jjaviu 1 .ampoeu, junction City, pri
vate, L, age 21, single, died of disease;
relative. M. J. Cameron. Marshall. Okln.
Bert Cornete, Toronto, private, K, age
n, single, uiea or atsease; relative, w. It.
Morris J. Cohen. San Francisco, sergeant,
B, killed In action; no further record.
Curran Craig, Oarnett, private, E, age
ai, auiKie, xiueu in action; relative, Mrs.
Jane Craig, Oarnett.
William Carroll, Frontenac, private, D,
nge 21, single, killed In action; relative,
Thomas Carroll, Edwards county.
Raymond B. Dawes, Leavenworth, pri
vate, C, age IS, single, died of disease;
relative, F B. Dawes, Leavenworth.
Alva L. Dlx, Independence, private, O,
ago 25. single, killed In action; relative,
Mary Wilson, Argentine.
David 8. Elliott. Coffeyvllle. captain, O,
age 54, married, killed In action; relative.
Mrs. D. S. Elliott, Coffeyvllle.
Louis Ferguson, Kansas City, Kans., pri
vate, B, age 23, single, died of disease;
relative, J. II. Bradbury, Kansas City,
Troy E. Falrchlld, McCune, private, D,
age 24, Blngle, killed In action; relative,
Mrs. Jane Stafford, David City.
Charles Graves, Centralla, private, C,
nge 21, single, died of disease; relative,
J. II. Graves, Centralla.
Powhattan T. Hackett, Fort Scott, pri
vate, F, age 21, single, died of disease; rel
ative, J. R. Hackett, Fort Scott.
Norman E. Hand, Abilene, private, L,
age 23. single, died of disease; relative, A.
L. Smith, Abilene.
Ivers J. Howard, San Francisco, private,
B, age 27, single, died of wounds received
In action; relative, Miss Mattle Howard, St.
Adrian Hatfield, Topeka, private. I, age
21, single, died of wounds received in ac
tion; relative, IT. S. Hatfield, Nelson.
James W. Kline. Kansas City, private,
age 22, single, died of wounds received In
action; relative, C. K. KUne, Qulndaro. -
William Keeney, Topeka, private, I. age
23, single, killed In action; relative, Rich
ard Keeney, Hackney, Mo.
George H. Munroe. Marinette, Wis., pri
vate, F, age 35, married, killed in action;
relative, Mrs. Leah Munroe, Marietta, Wis,
Fred Maxwell, Richmond, private, K,
age 23, single, died of disease; relative, E.
N. Maxwell, Richmond.
John C. Muhr, Westphalia, private, E.
age 21, single, killed in action; no relative
Howard Olds, Fort Scott, private, D,
age 21, single, died of "wounds received In
actfon: relative; D. A. Olds. St. Joseph, Mo.
(Continued on page 12.) i
Has Passed Away.
Aged Justice Dead After Fifty Years
of Legal Service to State
OVER EIGHTY YEARS OF ACE.
Washington, April 10. Justice Stephen
J. Field, of tho United States supreme
court, retired, died at his home on Capitol
Hill, in this city, at 0:30 o'clock last even
ing of kidney complication. Ho had been
unconscious for two days, and his death
Stephen J. Field for over 30 years has
been recognized us one of tho great jur
ists of the nation, nnd his punning away
will create a void in the legal ranks of
California that only time can fill. lie
was born in Connecticut in 1810 and of a
family whoso ancestry can be traced to
back almost 000 years. At the ago of
13 he accompanied his sister to Smyrna,
Turkey, for tho purpose of acquiring a
knowledge of the Oriental languages, with
the design of filling a chair in some Ameri
can institution of learning. In 1832 he
returned to America and entered Williams
College, from which he graduated in 1837
with the highest honors of his class. Ho
then studied law in New York and was ad
mitted to the bar in 1841. For seven years
ho practiced in tho American metropolis
then became a victim of the California gold
fever, ne arrived in San Francisco in De
cember, 1840, almost penniless, but stout
of heart. He settled in Marysville, on the
banks of the Yuba, and soon became tho
most noted lawyer of that section. In 18f0
he was elected alcalde of tho town, and in
October of the same year he was elected to
the legislature, where he rendered conspic
uous service in framing the laws for the
embryo commonwealth. The impress of
his learning and genius is to be seen in tho
statutes of the State.
In 1857 he was elected a judge of the
supreme court and a few months after
donning tho ermine succeeded David 8.
Terry as chief justice. He held the office
until 18(13, when President Lincoln ap
pointed him an associate justice of the
United States supreme court. Everywhere
he was recognized as a fearless and able
jurist, and the protection of land titles al
most became a hobby with him. For his
zeal in that direction he was, by his polit
ical enemies, often accused of being a Cen
tral Pacific railroad advocate.
In the early history of California he
had many exciting adventures. In the
'50s, at the rink of his life, he saved a man
from a lynching party in Donncvillo; in
18(15, an attempt was made to assassinate
him by means of an explosive package,
sent through tho mails, and in 1891 only
the quickness and nerve of Dave Neagle,
a United States deputy marshal, saved
from the knife of David Terry, the man
he had succeeded as chief justice of Cali
fornia's supreme court. He was seated at
a table in an ea ting house at Lathrop, when
Terry entered. Neaglo sat opposite.
Field had decided adversely to Terry's
client and wife, Sarah Althea Sharon, in
her celebrated contract marriage suit
against Alexander Sharon, the Nevada mil
lionaire, and he had sworn to kill him on
sight. Terry rushed towards him and was
in the act of striking when Neagle drew
his pistol and shot him, death resulting in
a few minutes.
Field arrived at the retiring age of an as
(Continued on page 12.)