Newspaper Page Text
yxt WmcUtu gailij
&vfaxvfo& l$tomiU0, jeptembcu 18, 1886.
A WONDERFUL SALT WELL.
One Well That Has Produced 203,184,.
400 Gallons cf Salt "Water.
One of tlio greatest wonders of llio world
and yet comparatively unknoivn is the well
which for tho last sixteen years has been flow
ing almost pure salt at tho rate of over SO,GGO
gallons per day. It is located in Etna
borough, along Pino creek, just opposite tho
city. Tho history of tho veil was related to
a reporter by Mr. J. L. Robertson. H said
that m the spring of 1S72 tha firm decided to
sink a well to securo natural gas to run their
works, and tho contract was given to Chal
fant & Graff. At a dspth of 1,200 feet a salt
water vein was struck, Shortly after tho
tools wcro lost, and after '"fishing" for them
for several months they wcro caught Tho
woll was tuen drilled to a depth of 2,G00 feet,
when tho tools ot lost again, and after spend
ing live months in unsuccessful attempts to
recover them it was decided to abandon tha
A strong vein of gas was found at a depth
of 1,900 frit, but there was ro much talt
water that it could not find its way out. Its
pressure was to great, however, that tho salt
water was forced up nearly ninety feet in the
For seven yeai-s this salt water continued
to flow at th" rate of sixty barrels i er hour,
sometimes more and soinclimesless, but never
falling short of fifty barrels. It swelled tho
little brook at its ricio to a good s ized creok
and thence jxmred into tho Allegheny river.
Ic was sos rong inchloridoof sodium as to
lall all th? fit-'i that cams within certain
limits of the place where it entered the liver.
Tho iica of utilizing the water seems not to
have ciitcmLanj' one's mind until about fivo
yo rs after tho well began" to flow. Several
capitalist"! thn conceived the plan of extract
ing the chloride cf sodium from the water
and ma:.uf.:cturi:ig hilt. For some reason
the seh' me fell through then, but two years
1st r a company was formed which caUblishs 1
tho fecond largest saltworks in the United
States, making about 150 barrels of salt dcily.
After all the salt ha? been taktn froinu.0
water it goes through a process which ex
tracts tho luomidc, v.hich forms n Hrgo pro
pcitonothc chaiacter of the water from
tho well. ThL is a very valuablo medicine.
When tho water loaves tho latter works it
would be perfectly pure and tasteless were it
not for the aruis; etc., used in cxh acting tho
salt and bromide.
Tho amount ol water coming from tho
well ttxlay is as great as when it wa3 struck
sixteen years ago. A peculiar feature is that
en some day, for a period of about an hour,
the well becomes unusually agitated and tho
pressure dimply terrific, requiring tho strong
est kind of joints and casing to hold tho
It is almost impcsiblo to comprehend tho
amount of wr.Ur this well draws from tho
bov.els of the earth. In sixteen years, at tho
rate of 1X5,000 gallons por day, il would havo
thrown oft' i.3,l 811,400 gallons of water.
Sampling T.ltorary TTaro.
The lato James T. Fields, whilo lis was an
aciivo partner in tho publishing firm of Tick
nor fc Fields, was. waited upon ono morning
by a 3'oung (jentlcman a sugar merchant,
who had poetic aspirations. Tho young man
complained that his manuscript x'ooms had
boon i ejected by tho firm, and he desired to
know tho reason why, inasmuch as all of his
friends had heard lho verses read and declared
them to Ikj an invaluable acquisition to Ameri
"Oar reader decides that,'' said Mr. Fields
in his I landest tones.
'Then I would like to sco lho reader."
Ahv.-rys the personification of amiability
himself, tho publisher conducted tho young
sugar mci chant upstairs to tho reader. That
perx)nao rat ct a desk heaped high with
manuscript-. Ho carefully i ead a few pngai
of each manuscript and then dropped them
into a basket at his feet. Occasionally ho be
came more than ordinarily interested, and in
that axM placed tho package inside his desk.
'Why, he goes through them just as I sam
plo sugar,' exclaimed tho would-be poet in
'That is becmiso no is as familiar with lit
crarv wares as you arc 1 ith sugar," rejoined
'I am satisfied," said tho merchant. "Let
Tho young bard gavo up tho writing of
verses, but ho acquired a largo fortune in
sugar. Will M. Clemens, in Detroit Freo
l'asliions in Tombstones.
There are fashions in tombstones, but they
chango slowly. Tho stjies of tho present do
not differ much from thoso of twenty 3'cars
ago, but a diffcrenco is noticed in thoso set up
fifty or moro years ago. Thero wore never
columns in thoso days. As now, tho cheaper
stones wcro plain slabs. One of tho cxpon.sivo
shapes, v.hich always marked a distinguished
grave, was a marblo slab laid horizontally on
four marble columns, making a ort of a
tablo. Tho insc" iption was carved on tho top,
which allowed plenty of spaco for verses,
which no well regulated gravestone of tho
first part of the century could do witoout.
These verses, which read so quaintly now,
were always written by tb pastor. It was
his duty when ono of his parishioners died to
compare a sukahlo stanza, and tha ministers
were always paid for them a thing that few
jicriodicals own of thoco days would havo
done. In olden times nothing but brownstono
and sandbtr.no was used. Tho carving was
crude, and ono of tho requirements of fashion
was that every slab should havo a human faco
carved over tho inscription. The utyli-h
gravestone to havo now isa monument New
York ilail and Exjinvss.
AMERICANS' GIFT OF ORATORY.
Awkwardne of Englishman iva Speaker.
A recullnrlfcr of Our Own Toople,
Every Anwricaa who has attended th
regular or occasional 3icting of cirie iKxliea,
or participated in formal diunors in Great
Britain, must havo boon struck with tha diffi
culty and awkwardness with which tho speak
ers convey thoir ideas, or the absence thereof.
Through sympathy ho must havo felt attune
that he would gladly havo allowed them to
stop, or havo volunteered to help thorn out of
How very different is all this over here!
"When Americans como to arguo or discuss
any question, or to be merely entertaining,
they as a rule acquit themselves woll It is
not ivcaamry that thoy should be rcgu
larir "ed or trained; that they should
bo professional men, or that they should havo
bad oxiericnco in thinking on thoir feet, as it
is called. They may bo occupied in business;
they may bo unaccustomed to tha sound of
their own voices in any sort of assembly; thoy
may bo without suspicion of their lingual
talents; but tho moment they aro requested
to say something tho- rise, and, opening their
mouths, appropriate words flow thence. Hun
dreds of Americans are surprised overy year
to find that thoy can speak without prepara
tion or premonition. Speaking is unques
tionably natural to thoni; wkilo with nearly
every other nation it is tho result of. culture.
All Europeans observo and comment on
this peculiarity of ours, and aro at a loss to
account for it It may bo in a measure as
cribablo to tho richness of our mother tongue,
which enables u, if we wL-hf to talk an hour
without putting forward anything in par
ticular. Our great language is cxcellontly
qualified for conveying glittering generalities,
and many of our politicians employ it for
that purpose. Tho character of our institu
tions, tho constant intercommunication be
tween sections and states, tho electric nature
of tho atmosphere, tho variety of climate,
causing a high degreo of nervousness and
eambral sensibility, have doubtless their shs
in making us think quickly and utter our
thoughts freely. B it these do not explain our
facility and pertinency of speech under all
circumstances, universally regarded as our
birthright. The special gift must bo accepted
as ono of tho American traits, which belongs
to us like our quaint humor and our constitu
tional lovo of liberty.
This gift is not restricted to the cast or to
tha social centers; it inheres in the people ct
largo, and is even moro conspicuous and moro
widely spread in tho west and in the sparsely
settled districts than in tho big cities border
ing on tho Atlantic seaboard. We seo this in
tho mining regions of Colorado, Montana,
Nevada, California and elsewhere all along
the frontier, indeed, where men without tho
regular restraints of law or tho chocks of
organized society show, on tho smallest provo
cation, a native eloquence that is remarkable
and surprising. Rough-looking, lialf-educated
fojlows, somi-savago from their habits, speak,
when moved, with force and fervor that per
suades, melts and dominates. This is the voice
of nature, coming through nature and address
ing nature; what should prevent its full effect?
These spontaneous outbursts arc racy of the
Loil, henever and however tbej' arc appar
ent. Often tlrjy are not revelled, especially
in tho older parts of tho republic, in a formal
declamatory manner, but rather in an easy,
lucid, pertinent fashion 'which seems collo
quial, so simple and direct is it Cor. Chicago
1'ubllc House and Sample Kooin.
Theio is a great deal moro sociability hi
tho English public house than in tho Ameri
can samplo room. In tho lanes and sido
streets of the fathionablo part of London may
bo found tho same character of old-fashioned
public as in the city. Every ono of these has its
regular customers, and its " snuggery" in the
evening is generally full of its patrons who
are, for the most part, the coachman, grooms
and "gentlemen's gentlemen," otherwise
valets of the "classes'' who loside in tho
neighboring Bslgravia. Here tho Jeamasas
canvass the characters of their various lords
and ladita, and moro true scandal is talked iu
theso public hus snuggeries than in any of
their ladies' boudoirs.
Tha ri!l&se public i? quite an institution by
itself, and is as distinct in character from its
London brothar nn chalk is front cheese. Hero
the landlord still retains sonio of the qualities
and kenringb of '-mino host" of former days.
Tho public is the headquarters of tho political
lights of tho illage, and doctor, lawyer and
farmer meet together in tho snuggory
to discuss tho merits of a popular
raco hor.so or a popular statesman
just as frequently now as they did
in days gone by. Tho railroad and telegraph
have had w onderf ully little effect in somo of
tho rural parts of England, and Hodge, in
tho village public, is juct as densely ignorant
of anything that goes on beyond his own im
mediate kin as ever ho was. To him "t'sqoir"'
and tho 'big house" aro tho epitomes of all
that is great and noble, and tho opinions of
tho lord of tho manor give a coloring to
everything discussed in the "smiggery."
London Cor." Chicane Ilcrald.
IMiotojjraphs of Celebrities.
"Tho business of photographing celebrities,"
Baid Mr. Lockwood, tho traveling agent of
Falk, to ma tho other day, "has grown
enormously within the last ten years. It has
become so great as to almost overehado pri
vate trade. In fact, some photographers lot it
do so, which i3 to my mind, a great mistako,
for if it is proporly employed it can bo used
to build up tho custom of private people. Our
houso and another gallery in New York cm
ploy agents runners, you might call them
whoss duty it is to bo upon the streets and in
tho theatres on tho outlook for a pretty face
orFomo distinguished person tv hose portrait
v ill sell readily.
"We havo ono man "who docs nothing
but watch tho hotels for politicians, poets,
lecturer?, or foreign celebrities. I have known
him to bring a statesman from Washington
for a sitting, paying his passage both ways.
Again I've seen him go out' to sea fifty miles
to meet an incoming steamship which was
bearing to our shores somo foreign actress or
novel M; of note. It is only by such enter
prise that the immense- saloof notables' photo
graphs has been worked up. Of course wo
gladly furnish such peoplo as wc solicit for
sittings w ith a quantity of portraits gratis,
after which the buy at a special professional
rate. It pays us to devoto such attention
to theatrical portraits, for tlio uidc circu
lation thoy havo brings us in not a litllo iri
vato trade. Our best markets are New York,
Chicago, Philadelphia, Boston and San
Francisco." Chicago News.
Tlio Frontier Photographer.
Talking about photographers,'' said a
young lady who reclined lazily in one of tho
luxurious chair cars, "I have been out west
on a visit to my married sister way out
where thero isu't much but prairie and wind,
you know. Well, there's a photographer
there I'd liko to know whore you can go in
this country and not find one and ho was a
good ono. Nothing would do my sister- but
wo must go up and havo our pictures taken,
and so wo went up. I sat first He arranged
mo in tho chair, an old wooden one, and
placed my head in the rest, which was an old
pitchfork, ith tho sharp ends of tho tines
broken off. Then what do you supposo tho
brute did? Well, ho fixed his old camera and
took a hugo quid of tobacco out of his mouth,
threw it against the wall higher than his
head, and said:
" 'Now, look right at that, mum, hold still,
and look purty.' "Chicago Ilcrald.
"Watermelons 1'lavored to Suit.
Col. Jeff Boynton of Arlington has discov
ered a novel way for flavoring watermelons.
Ho says you can flavor them with an y extract
3'ou desire. His method is: Bforo the melon
ripens cut a slit about an inch long i'i tbo
s-tem, and about two-thirds through i.,aud
pour in a drop or so of the extract c ory
morning until you think you have tho melon
flavor! highly enough. Every morning,
after pouring in the extract, clojo tho oto:n
and t; a string around it to hold it together.
Col. Boyntou flavored quito a num'vir of
melons in this manner, and is now c-n joying
some rare and excellent melons. Atlmta
A "Chapel" anil a "Clinrch."
Occasionally Mr. Bcochcr attends "church"
in Enjland, but ho preaches in "chapels" only;
for in England tho most ma;niiikc:it chapols
used by Dissenters aro called "chapels, '' while
tho Anglican buildings are railed "churches."
Quito in keeping with this local prejudice,
Stormonth's dictionary defines a "chapel'' as
"a subordinate place of public worship," and
a "church" as "an edifice or building couso
secrated or set apart for the worship of God."
The Crnie of "Carpet Ueddlng;."
Lawn planting h a new erase, and Ls lmown
as "carpet bedding.'' Tho ornamentation is ac
complished by the uso of a low growing .class
of plants, which, when planted , grow no higher
than tho lawn. Dcidgns aro made in every
conceivable pattern. Thero is great variety
in shading, many possessing a rich metallic
luster, so that thero is no difficulty in forming
beds resembling carpets spread on tho green
lawn and having tmts moro beautiful tliaa
art can give. Chicago Times.
Xovol Test for a Preacher.
It is said that a Hebrew congregation of St
Taul has adopted a heroic method for testing
tho sermonizing qualities of n candidate for
its pulpit. Ho is not permitted to fire his
very best sermon at tho congregation, but a
comnuttea meets him on tho way to church,
gives him a text, and ha is expected to preach
from it without further notice. Xcw Tork
A Scrupulous Counterfeiter.
It remained for a Bostonian toleaTetfce
words "In God w trust" scrupaloaaly off the
counterfeit silver dollars which he was qtuVt
lr circulating in the city of cultvre.
Sep. 20-24, '86.
Wicliita, - Kan.
Immense Show of Cattle and
Arrangements have been made with
the Ft. Scott R. R" to run trains to the
grounds. Street cars-will also carry
passengers to and from the grounds.
Reduced rates of fare on all the rail
roads leading into the city.
EVERYBODY COME TO THEF IR.
J. M. ALLEN & CO.,
L J DJ
c aiiu liu
Ik llktll t
112 DOUGLAS AVENUE,
MONEY TO LOAN ND INSURANCE.
Valley Centre, Sedgwick County, Kas
B. K. BROWN,
Furniture I Jewelry.
DOUGLAS AVENUE, WICHITA, KANS.
W. H. STERNBERG,
Contractor and Builder
Office and Shop 349 Main St.
KIItST-CLASS WORK at LOWEST TRICES. Est!
mates furnished on short notice. WICHITA. KAN.
KIP & BR0ADDUS.
Real -:- Estate -:- knts
AND CIVIL ENGINEERS.
FFICE Southeast corner PouIas and lopeka
aes. In Kansas Furniture cos nniuinij.
J. P. ALLEN,
Everything Kept in a First-Class
OLIVER BROS., ,
Wichita, Mayfield, Wellington,
Harper, Attica, Garden Plain,
Anthonv, Arkansas City, An
dale and Haven.
TDaOWeAroth Original and Only Oenu-
innvnu ino. TafconoCtUerlirano.
TRASH! IT3H COXPAOTT. ST. XXTCXS. 22X
il 9 vc2 - k -I'-i'i
111 . . ?z?jk!Yzrf. rrMrTr3
j ii zm -.in. --ijrji
SE1CTETV -gS H 0 R E
iRAe jpc a TrtjTEpf 1 3 -
cs If h a5K tan 9 1 c:
5 111 mMtSwim
j "::a, 3. lfc?iif,faafa
ZlMJDJJ Ji'i i jL "i-iJffilB
One lot Boys Low Shoes,
One lot Youths Canvas Bals
One lot Misses Serge Bals
One lot Ladies Kid Hand Turned
And lots of other Bargains too Numerous j
""" H "H
110 Main Str
ONE PRICE CASH ON DELIVERY B001 an? SHOr Hi!JcE.
Improved-and Unimproved City Property
on the best improved streets in the city.
Lots on the inside on street car lines and in
outside additions. Suburban lots on the east
side in Maple Grove addition.
Business lots and business blocks for sale
at special bargains. Several fine tracts near
the city for sub-dividing and plating.
Improved farms .and grass lands in all
parts of the county; also ranches in this and
All parties wishing to buy would do well
to call and examine my list before buying
Th-3 Oldest Real Estate Agency in Wichita,
W. S. COKBETT. rristdeat.
Wholesale Groeer Company
Nos. 233 and 235 North Min St., WICHITA, KAN.
TO THE PUBLIC!
LAKQE STOCK OP ,
Spring .:. Work .:. at .:. Cost.
We will offer for next thirty days our very large stock of Spring
work, consisting of one very fine Yis-a-Vis. one 12-Passenger
Hack, a nrirtei of fine Carriages of different styies, also Surrys,
PLsetons, Buggies, and Spring wagons in great variety,
At Cost in Our Repository.
This isrin ndvprtifiincr prheme. cnt a notice to th? ceoDle. made in
good faith, in order to dispose of a very large stock before the close J jL&&Sjm
of the season "We will, to accommodate persons who are not quite ?&3&Wm
ready to buy. take a small payment cewn ena noiagooas iora rew
days. Will also take good, notes on reasonable time.
Now is Your Chanee
vehicle at cost. Come early while th
t from. Eemember the place,
To get a good vehicle at cost. Corce early vrhile there is a large
stock to select from. Bememcer the place,
KELLY, ALEXANDER 1 RAHN,
123 MARKET STREET.
J. R. EOLLIDAT.
J. R. HOLLIMY 1 CO.,
SucCTWors to MAJOR
STAPLE and FANCY GROCERIES.
No. 227 E. Douglas
City Property, Chattel Mortgages
AND PERSONAL SECURITY.
-LOWEST -:- RATES! V NO-:-HBLAYS!-
J. IT. ELACJC, Secretary and Treaurcr
HOLUDAT. Dealers In-
Ava. "Wichita, Kan.
B. BUNNELL & CO.
Real Estate and
A., T. & S. F.
irgains in city and county property. Our insurance cpmpanfes are as
: tna, Liverpool, London, Globe, German-American, Insurance Com-
toi lows: .ma, nverpoc
pany of North America, Hartford, Phcenlx, of Hartford; Home, of flew York;
New York Underwriters.
L. X. WOODCOCK.
F"X County T re as:
WOODCOCK, D0RSEY & CO.,
m estate, mm & 11
Office. Corsey Building, Opposite Court House,
M. A. McKENZIE & GO.
liepatrlnp, Repaintta.; anil Trlmialti
Proropilj Attoiitkvl To
City Trade Solicited aad Satisfaction
C. A. STAFFORD.
STAFFORD & OLBGG,
Real Estate and Loan Agents
Office south side Douglas ave,
CASKETS, ROSES, SLOVES, CRAPL, FTC.
Ilave two fine hcarsos. A prlvato tck'iihoneillriet toWieli'ta Ci tnelcrjr. ORIce&lwajsoiipn on DourIm
avenue, Wichita, Kansas. Prompt attention to orders by Telegraph.
ICE ! ICE ! ICE !
DEPOT and OFFICE 124 WEST DOUGLAS AVE.
ICE Always on Hand at Depot.
Orders for Shipment and Citv Delivery
Promptly Attended to.
Telephone No. 123. SOH N & W I LK I N .
BUY LOTS IN
f -;- (S -:-
These Lots are close to the City Limits, and arc iyng between Central Ave,
and Second Street, east of town. These lots arc for sale on cltep
and easy terms. No college, Union depot or machine fibcp
are to Le built en them Fcr terms apply at
BUTLER & FISHERS HARDWARE STC R E
110 DOUGLAS AVE.
' L-rtC-f " a?. "-"
xtmmmtQ 4 3 - ' ft- U.. Xw Ka. Kan.
IV. y. DEA
Real Estate Dealers.
VTf hire properly Jo rvrrr dtrul' S-yaUtr la iiv-rltp: aIv a Iryr Ht of Yrta Jr;rf-tj'. iff c9inx
our oSce joa ogj vl our $etae aoI - outt ptvsmtty ittm of iarr
OITICE.-ROOM i K.GI5C KtXiCK.
125 West Douglas Avenue.
lix vJL VJU JUL J U OJ-
E. B. LANDS.
E. A. JTOKSKV.
26 stairway w of Lawrence.
H. W. KENDIE,
lIHFiI -- r3rIC50B,
Am! Pester In
Wood, Cloth and Metalic Burial Cases
Finest : Restaurant ; in : Kansas.
TTJ" MAK2 A 8JSCUUT OK TJWI10AA. WtUIT
AM HAH8 C0J.FKCTKK.
trr-S -Order for ICECHRAJt In inrfcuwnv.
1 la XocUI or UfV. prutsvltr fnJ.
a. n. K"r.IX. mrr JuM1c
DEAN & MAXWELL.
o!ai & f 4a !3lii