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tee ictata gaily gagle : Stlas i$0mttt0, eptewfie 2X, 1886.
ONE OF THE CHIEF DEFECTS OF
OUR EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM.
RTlicn the Toor Boy Goes Out of School.
What 3Ianual Training Means Kcsult
of Bringing Nerves to tho Front In
. the Shops.
There is not a child in the world that ought
toiry to Jive by his wits alone; nor one "who
ought to bo compelled to live by tho work of
his hands alone, llostboj-s that enter our
schools have to grow up to the idea that they
are to work with their hands. It follows
that a few are to grow up to tho idea that
they need not toil at all with their hands. So
we have ill our educational system to look
out to educate our two classes; our high caste
and low caste boys and girls. Naturally, the
one caste will despise the other; and the other
will pay back with hate. So, by and by, you
get your social division of laborers and cap
italists, and with it the moral dynamite of
Common education is not education at nil,
when it has taught reading, writing and tho
usual school curriculum. The poor boy goes
out of tho schoolhouso, and ho must live
thereafter by means of that part that is not
educated his hands. lie cavnot use tho
education, or what you havo given him for
education, at all; or if at all, so little that
it chafes at him at his daily toil. His edu
cated brain is angry. lie is obliged to come
dow u to an uneducated part of his body for
life's living. Is tho rich boy any better off
lie goes out not compelled to toil with his
hands: but -what can his brain do alone.' Tho
poor skull full of protoplasm is driven to tako
up with a profession, or to dabble in somo
sort of speculation.
But does manual training not mean that
tho boy or gii 1 educated (o use tools must be
come a mechanic? Of the graduates of tho
admirable school connected with "Washington
university at the last commencement, ''one in
tends to be a physician, another a dentist, an
other a lawyer. Some half dozen expect a
commercial pursuit; two will raise stock or
become fanners; several hope to lecome en
gineers; three aspire to be architects; four or
live will work for a while in machine shops,
while fifteen or more intend to make a higher
course of study, cither at the university or
NO DODGING THE FACT.
"A boy who sees nothing in manual labor
but brute force despises both tho labor and
the laborer.' There is no dodging tho fact
that our 'educated classes"' despise labor.
You cannot get around it. For a collego
graduate to lecome a manual laborer is con
sidered coming down. Until very recently
the crowd from our colleges went nowhero
but into the professions. Slowly this is
changing, but there is still the prejudice and
the sharp division. "Manual labor schools
have it for their mission to break up this mis
understanding. Tho best brains are finding
it advantageous also to have the best hands.
Our lives under the stress of the older edu
cation brought the nerves to tho front. Tho
brain ran away with us. Tho tendency has
been to absorb all the vitality in that ono
organ. Our hair falls out with our teeth.
Our cj'es are failing and our sense of smell.
Our endurance is not equal to that of our
fatheiv. Athleti"S have dono something
toward compensative readjustment. But it
is necessary that our school system shall be
wholly remodeled. We must not only havo
phyMoIogy and hygiene taught, but must
have it practiced in body culture.
Education, instead of undermining health,
should create health and character. It Is
absmd to say 3'ou havo taught or trained a
boy when you havo only half killed him.
"What have you educated 1 The turkey is
stuffed, let us kill him outright. No child
should tx confined to a book over one hour
consecutively in a day. llaj' should bo a
part of tho enforced curriculum. But how
admirably manual training supplements or
complements brain training. Let them go
from the shop to their books and back again.
nrir TimouGii the shops.
Let us look a little more into detail. Let
us enter Professor Woodward's school shops,
if 3011 prefer to call it. The carpenter shop
all .sorts of eaws, squares, bevels, gauges,
hammers, mallets, rules, planes, chisels, bits,
hatchets. The most beautiful thing hero is
order all tho tools in good condition ami in
their ovn places. I hardly ever saw a study,
whcio the brain ruled alone, that was de
cently kept. Scholars are proverbially lack
ing in tidiness. I am afraid, professor, these
boys will never bo literary, they are too or
derly. V.'oodturning not so many tools;
but sj'stem as before. "My boy Fritz can
scarcely contain himself; if this bo study, if
this lo school, how delightful! The horror of
two things broods over the ordinary school
silence and primness. I wasted ten years in
school because these nightmares were insuffer
able. But I was fortunately puny. Fritz is
a great, rugged and awfully active piece of
machinery. f you w ish to keep that watch
in gool order, sir. 3-ou must not lit it urn
down ' Just -o, Fritz w ill be spoiled if you
The forge. Ah, here we como to life!
Strike while the iron is hot! Be alive, boys!
ITow the'r eyes sparkle, like the sparks from
the blows. Mrs. Lillypaugh, your son here
will surely get his hands sailed, but, my
glory! what hands ho will hae. Such a
tender love in them! and such a grip of truth!
You will be glad by and by to feel his grand
arm around you in your old age. I hate a
musty little boy. dono up in Pond's extract,
and not able to cany his Latin dictiouaiy.
The mac lime shop lathes, planes, drill and
what U all the time touching the boy's imag
ination, power. Everything great is con
summated and summed up in a steam engine.
How I should like to resurrect Adam! I
mean that Adam who first took a stone and
fixed a handle to it to break and pound with.
I would like to have him come in herewith
me and set what his first hammer, made 100,
000 years ao. has come to w hat is going to
como to can you guess? "'E. P. 1'.'' in
lie lJioIie Up the Flirtation.
A husband who was apprised of his wife's
flirtation with the- handsome basso'of a comic
opera company at Long Branch, wired her
that ho would run down from New York and
arrive at Long Branch at (3:17. Instead ho
arrived early in tho afternoon and saw her
drive off in tho family equ'-Kigo with tho
basso. lie followed in a hired cab for a Ions
distance, then called to his own driver, who
halted. Stepping out of his hired cquipago
he sent it back, forced the basso to mount tho
box b" the coachman, topped in and sat by
his wffe, and then had the coachman drive
very slow ly by in full view of the hotel. Tho
flirtation was completely broken up. New
The Ghost and the Itcal.
After the ghot scene in a recent perform-
anco of "Hamlet" in London, "Tr. Wilson
Barrett went to the private box of the Prince
of Wales to pav his respects, and found, be
sides the heir to the English throne, a modest
man sitting in a corner. "Allow me,'' said
bis royal highness, "to present to tho fictitious
prince of Denmark this real prince of Den
markmy brother-in-law." Chicago Herald.
Killing the Elm Tree.
The elms of Flushing, L. L, aro suffering
for tho third 3'car from the ravages of the
larvae of the saw fly, an import from Ger
many, which, very curiously, in its native
country, couiincs its ravages to tho pin
AROUND NIAGARA FALLS.
Changed for tho Itettcr During the Past
Two Tears The Cantilever Bridge.
Up at the falls things have changed won
derfully for tho better within the past few
years. Tho general appearance of the place
is more prosperous than I ever saw it before.
The liberality of tho state of New York has
freed the visitor on tho American side from
all the petty tolls and exactions that existed
around the great cataract. All tho usual fifty
cent places are free. It is rather strango that
this expenditure of, I may say, millions, was
due to the suggestion of Lord Duff erin when
governor general of Canada, and yet his own
country has not so far followed his advice. A
green fence made of iron now stretches from
the falls two miles down to tho ojd suspension
bridge. This is a great improvement and
prevents you from tumbling into eternity by
a false step in the dark, as many persons were
in the habit of doing. Nothing was ever so
serious an interruption of a day's pleasure at
Niagara than to take a step off the cliff.
I am sony to say the picturesque stone
towers of tho old suspension bridge are being
taken down and in their places steel towers
aro to bo erected, and the material therefor is
being constructed at tliis moment in Detroit.
This improvement will be a wonder of engi
neering, for tho stone towers will bo taken
down and the iron towers put in their place
without for a moment interrupting the pas
sage of- a train across the aerial structure.
The new cantilever -bridge is finished, and
whatever it is as a work of engineering it is
the most brutally ugly structure that ever
has been erected in America, which is saying
a good deal.
It is painted a dull drab color, which adds,
if possible, to its general hideousness. It
gives the idea of great strength, which, doubt
less, it possesses, but it is angular and bald
and altogether offensive to the eye. In tho
capital of Switzerland there is an iron bridge
which spans tho chasm similar to that of Ni
agara, but the bridge at Benie springs from
its abutments into a beautiful airy and fairy
like arch that is a pleasure to look at and is as
strong as there is any need for. Instead of
an arch at Niagara wo havo ugly angles, and
the bridge looks like a difficult problem in
Euclid. Cor. Detroit Free Press.
1'nriiishing Obituary 1'oetry.
Another business that is heard of now and
then, the furnishing of obituary poetry, is
successful in tho hands of a man who lives
somewhere on the cast side. He watches the
papers for death notices, and, having chosen
one that long experience has taught him is
apt to be available for his purpose, ho goes to
the bereaved locality, inspects the house, asks
what questions about tho family he can of
the neighbors, and then goes home and writes
a "poem" appropriate to the occasion. A 'day
or two after tho funeral he calls upon the
relatives, and, expressing sympathy for their
affliction, claims to havo been a friend of the
departed, and, moved by the tennination of
his or her career, has written "this little
tribute," which ho delicately offers for a rea
sonable sum. It is said that his price is
usually $2, and that he makes from ?10 to 813
a week from his literary efforts.
There is another sort of people who make
a practice of inspecting the death notices for
business. The attention of these iersons is
limited to the decease of wives. They aro
women of rather uncertain repute, and their
object is to get an engagement as house
keeper for the widower. Their method of
operation is much the same as that employed
by the obituary poet. But they sometimes
go further. I heard of a man who had lost
hi;, wife, and at the funeral was surprised to
see several strange women. Hardly was the
burial over before he received six applica
tions for the position of housekeeper, each
one of the applicants having been seen at the
funeral. 'Uncle Bill's," New York Letter.
Characteristics of the Germans.
Perhaps the popular idea that a ttcrman is
a somewhat phlegmatic, unexcitable indi
vidual, with more staying powers than mo
mentum, is, take it all in all, a tolerably cor
rect one. . It is a sore point to refer, within
the heai ing of any of tho Kaiser Wilhelms
subjects, to Voltaire's doubt whether "un
Allomand pent avoir de lesprit. Yet the
doubt must not unfrequently have struck
otheis besides tho venomous Frenchman, a
certain lumpishues? being common to the
people at large.
No nice is more frugal, more- patient, more
hardy or more easy to govern; hence they
make tho best of colonists, just as the
Celt, and the Celto-Latin, tho Fienchm-n,
make the worst. Yet' these qualities, in
which he so abounds w hen transplanted to a
foreign soil, are less marked at home. The
heaviness of tho German makes him, as a
workman, dilatory, unpunctual, slow, and
often 'bungling.'' His handiwoik has sel
dom the neatness of tho Frenchman's, and it
is not often that ho can be depended on to
finish what he has contracted to jwrform
within tho stipulated period. Hence, railway
contractors preferred the English navvy, not
that he was so much stronger than the Ger
man, but limply because he did not find so
injury excuse for interference with his con
timlous work. Peoples of the World.
Tho Plagiarisms oT Koyulty.
It w ould seem that tho Prince of Wales sons
have been guilty of a very flagrant piece of
plagiarism. No passage in 'The Cruise of the
Bacchante"' has been so admirably quoted as
the one written while between Barbadocs and
ilartinique, which begins: "We should be less
than men," and ending, -but tho sad memory
of their useless valor,"' etc. It U indeed a
a most eloquent and effective passage, as well
itm:ije, for it turns out to have been copied
almost word for word from Charles Ivingsle3'"s
charming work, "At Last,"' where it will be
found in the second chapter. Canon Dal ton
allowed it to be published, without hint, h.ip
piry without suspicion, of its true origi.i. The
princes, however, may console thems-'lvcs un
der this unpleasant exposure by i tile-tin,;
that they have only imitated Lord IVac s
field, who. it may be remembered, borrow i-d
nearly half his elaborate oration on thcDuko
of Wellington from a translation of a woi k
ly Thiers. It was stolen without the change
of a single word. Tlu.se royal authors havo
plundered Canon Kingslcy in much about the
same fashion. Chicago Times.
The Knot and the Ulile.
The "knot" and tho mile are terms often
used interchangeable, but orrcnously o.
The fact is that a mile is less than ST per cent.
of a knot Three and one-half miles are equal,
within a very small fraction, to three laiots.
The knot is G.0&2.GO" feet in length. Tho
statute mile is 5,2S0 feet. The result of the
difference is that siecd in miles per hour is
alwa3s considerably larger than w hen stated
in laiots, and if a person forgets this -and
states a speed at so many knots, when it was
really so main miles, ho may be giving fig
ures verging on the incredible Philedel-
Poetical ChihLof n Prosaic 3xother.
The human race seems to have a weakness
for weather prophecy. The various signs hi
which mortal put their faith are almost as
numberless as the mortals themselves. On a
calm, bright da:.' last week, with only a few
flaky clouds to be seen in tho distance,
a Chicago and Northwestern train was
scudding along toward Lake Geneva. In one
of the coaches was a matron w ho was worried
about a good many things, and among them
-Ido believe it's going to rain,'' sho said,
petulantly and unpoetically; "I feel it in my
"Oh, no, mamma,5 replied a 5-year-old
miss, whoso nose was flattened against the
window, and whose pretty eyes were gazing
eagerlv at the flitting landscape and horizon;
"Oh, uo, mamma, it wont rain. The clouds
aro out in their nico blue and white dresses.
When they haro their ugly black dresses on,
then it rains." Chicago Herald.
Sep. 20-24, '86.
Wichita, - Kan.
Immense Show of Cattle and
Arrangements have been made with
the Ft. Scott R. R to run trains to the
grounds. Street cars will also carry
passengers to and from the grounds.
Reduced rates of fare on all the rail
roads leading into the city.
EVERYBODY COME TO THEF AIR.
J. M. ALLEN & CO.,
Wholesale and Retail
112 DOUGLAS AVENUE.
0. B. JACOBS,
MONEY TO LOAN ND INSURANCE.
Valley Centre, Sedgwick County, Kas
B. K. BROWN,
Furniture I Jewelry.
DOUGLAS AVENUE, WICHITA, KANS.
W. H. STERNBERG,
Contractor and Builder
Office and Shop 349 Main St.
KIHST CLASS WOKK at LOWEST PP.ICES. Esti
mates furnished on short notice. WICHITA. KAN.
KIP & BROADDUS,
le :- k
ttl . IK
AND CIVIL ENGINEERS,
FFICE Southeast corner Douglas and Topeka
a-.e., in Kansas niniiture Co . umanig.
J. P. ALLEN,
Everything Kept in a First-Class
"Wichita, Mayfield, Wellington,
Harper, Attica, Garden Plain,
Anthony, Arkansas City, An
ciale and Haven.
TD A If 0'Are tlje Original and Only Gcnu-
innong Ine. TaKono Utner urcxia.
TRASS IXSH COMPANY, ET. LOUIS, 2X0.
a: VO Iaf uitf7(B 1 3
Pvf M wi S r fc? V'ii v
3kP ret t?r &5p-&!fijn
AT ONLY '.
C. E. LEWIS & CO.,
110 Main Street.
ONE PRICE CASH ON DELIVERY BOOT and SHOE HOUSE.
Improved and Unimproved City Property
on the best improved streets in the city.
Lots on the inside on street car lines and in
outside additions. Suburban lots on the east
side in Maple Grove addition.
Business lots and business blocks for sale
at special bargains. Several fine tracts near
the city for sub-dividing and plating.
Improved farms and grass lands in all
parts of the county; also ranches in this and
All parties wishing to buy would do well
to call and examine my list before buying
W. A. THOMAS,
The Oldest Real Estate Agency In Wichita.
W. S. CORBETT. President
Wholesale Groeer Company
Nos. 233 and 235 North Main St., WICHITA, KAN.
TO THE PUBLIC!
LARGE STOCK OF
Spring .:. Work .:. at .:. Cost.
"We will offer for next thirty days our very large stock of Spring
work, consisting of one very fine Vis-a-vis, one 12-Passenger
Hack, a number of fine Carriages of different styles, also Surrys,
Phaetons, Buggies, and Spring wagons in great variety,
At Cost in Our Repository.
This is no advertising scheme, bnt a notice to the people, made in
good 'faith, in order to dispose of a very large stock before the close,
of the season "We will, to accommodate persons who are not quite
readv to buv. take a small ravment down and hold coods for a few
days. "Will also take good notes
Now is Your Chanee
vehicle at cost. Come early while th
t from. Remember the place,
To get a good vehicle at cost. Come early while there is a large
stock to select from. Remember the place,
KELLY, ALEXANDER 1 RAHN,L
123 MARKET STREET.
J. II. HOLLIDAY.
J. R. HOLLIDAY 1 CO.,
Successor Jo 3IAJOK HOLLIDAY. Dealers In
STAPLE and FANCY GROCERIES.
No. 227 E. Douglas Ave.. "Wichita, Kan.
MO.NEY TO LOAN-
City Property, Chattel Mortgages
AND PERSONAL SBCURrTY.
LOWEST -:- RATES! V NO -:- DELAYS!
L. B. BUNNELL & CO.
J. H. BLACK. Secretary and Treaurcr
on reasonable time.
. BUNNELL 1 MOREHOUSE,
Real Estate and Insurance Agents.
A., T. & S. F. E. E. LAXDS.
Bargains in city and county property. Our insurance companies are as
follows: Etna, Liverpool, London, Globe, German-American, Insurance Com
pany of North America, Hartford, Phoenix, of Hartford; Home, of New York;
New York Underwriters.
Ell ESTATE, ABSTRACTS & LOIS
Office, Dorsey Building, Opposite Court House,
M. A. McKENZIE & GO.,
Repairing, Repainting and Trimming
Promptly Attended To.
City Trade Solicited and Satisfaction
C. A. STAFFORD.
STAFFORD & CLEGG,
Real Estate and Loan Agents
Office south side Douglas ave, 2d stairway w of Lawrence.
CASKETS, ROBES, GLOVES, CRAPF, FTC.
Have two Jlne hcar-.es. A private telephone direct to Wichita Ceuicliry. ORlce Ahva) open on Doulsn
avenue, Wichita. Kansas. Irompt attention to orders by Telegraph.
ICE! ICE! ICE!
DEPOT and OFFICE 124 WEST DOUGLAS AYE.
ICE Always on Hand at Depot.
Orders for Shipment and Citv Delivery
Promptly Attended to.
Telephone No. 128. SOHN & WILKIN.
BUY LOTS IN
:- (S -:- Fisher's
These Lots are close to the City Limits,
and Second Street, east of town. I liese lots are tor sale on cheap
and easy terms. No college, Union depot or machine shops
are to be built on them. For terms apply at
BUTLER & FISHERS
! vr. X. DEAX.
. - -r?rr
. "j2aK??ZXz'ri V . ,r J
WSSSSWMWSi m 3H
"PiEi8wIgtiJ!VJaKl'M i '1 ii t, I
I DEAN IMAXWrLL,
JReal Estate Dealers.
i r have property In -err dBrfraJ ttrstiltr la liv "?: rz 1! f Farm IVoprrty tiy Bto
oar offi" joacaasrt or irts ?J v war priori? ir: ot ebrs
OFFICE. BOOM i EAOI.E KI.GCK.
125 West Douglas Avenue.
WICHITA, - KANSAS.
E. A. DORSET.
Ex-Cone tj- Cl'k.
DORSEY & CO.,
T. F. CLKO
H. W. KENDLB,
PT3EKE4L -:, DIEECIOE,
And Dealer In
Wood, Cloth and Metalic Burial Gases
-:- Second -:- Addition
and are lying between Central Ave.
HARDWARE STC P. E
Finest : Restaurant : in t Karscfis.
VT HIKE X gl'ttOUI.TV OP rttOVV'XU ThllTH
xyi IUHJJ COJPBCTKKf.
fV'A Fi'i and UAiX Sttf u,
V OAHt'QiJO & 5fc&J,)'roprJ-Uf.
Ziry V -OTtin t(jr ICK CKKaJI In ny Casr wk
1 Sa JJwuK w BuHc. tflwwjrtJ- fill!.
JU H. HAXVTZ1.U frfixry ruMJs,
DEAN & MAXWELL
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s? rfe?S':,J' HH 111- ""'
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m- Bt ES gui JSfsixjimOt ,'
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