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Sttje WlxtXxitet gailig SnrjXje : Mnestfctij loruiwj, Iliroimxfcjer 3, 1886
DISCUSSION OF THE MERITS
W. L. McBEE,
Sedgwick County Abstractor.
Hardships of tlio Scrvieo on the West
ern Plains Selection of Gallant Steeds
for Undo Sam IMgorous Examination
The Last Test Good 3Iemory.
A few davs ago a reporter engaged in
conversation with a recruiting sergeant in
the United States cavalry service, and in
the course of the chat the officer drifted
into the discussion of the mcrit3 of horses
supplied to the service and the manner iu
which they are furnished to the govern
ment Not long since 500 horses were pur
chased in this city, St. Louis, Chicago and
other large mercantile centres for troops
in the four big western departments of
the Platte, Dakota, Missouri and Texas,
in which divisions it is estimate 1 that
three-fourths of the army of our country
"Alost of our cavalry horses," said the
recruiting sergeant, "are lest on the plains
in the west. No one here cast can con
ceive the rigor 01 our western military
duties or thy hardships they entail for the
soldiers and their beasts. We suppose
thattho gieat wetis teeming with ver-1
dure and forage, whereas the fact is that
m very many tracts of country scouting
parties arj compellod to rido for a week or
more, at the rate of perhaps fifty miles a
day, with no grain for their horses and
very littio gras3 by the way. A general
scrutiny of tho condemned army horses
would show that their retirement from
the service is due more to starvation than
anything else. Very often the trooper's
horse drops in tho rm!:s from sheer ex
haustion and others are so badly used up
that they never recover from the priva
tion and fatigue, and are finally con
demned for use in the field and shipped to
recruiting stations, where they answer
much better even than green horses for
PHYSICAL QUALIFICATION'S DEMANDED.
'What are tho physical qualifications
demanded for the fcclcctidn of horses for
the cavalry service?"'
'Well, in the first place, none but geld
ings are taken. The government does not
care for stallions or marci. The animal
submitted for purchaso should stand
at least fifteen hands high and
weigh about y-03 pounds lie should be
shot tin the back and also .short in tho
pastern joints. A long-legged beast with
a badly-shaped head wouldn't pass mus
ter at alL Low withers is ouo of the most
essential points, because a horse with high
withers is liable to work tho saddle for
' ward and get sores; and onco in that con
dition ho loses Jlcah and becomes worth
less. In addition to these specification s.
ho must bo absolutely free from contracted i
hoofs, or ho won't pas tho inspection of
In what manner aio horses secured for
the cavalry service?"'
"Generally by a'lvert j,mg. Tho partic
ular class of animals desired is becoming
scarcer every day. This, I suppose, is due
to the fact that bieodera ate giving their
attention to the raising of draught horses
of tho Porcheron, Norman and similar
stock, which are, of course, too slow for
cavalry purposes. It is r. singular fact
that horoj dealers, as a rule, consider the
government legitimate prey for all sorts
of imposliio.i. Tor, instance, fit the last
inspection, only eight out of kcty hoi-aes
offered were accepted. Hollers" trotted
ihem out for inspection full of confidence
that they could unload their employers'
full stock ( f useless cquines. Some of
tho aniinah manes and forctops were
.plaited and decorated-with strip3 of red
.flannel. Their tails were done up in com
mon bagging of so bulgy a shape as to
suggest the probability of their being
about ten feet loag. Of course, thoso dec
orations had to come off to make sure
that the tails were all there, and that the
maucswere of hair instead of oakum.
The eves of a. hoisa under inspection .ro
a igj:ous examination.
"If he, in general outline, is regarded as
worthy of consideration at all, he is sub
jnittcd to a rigorous examination which
takes up about a quarter of an hour all
over him from hu teeth toiiis fetlocks and
hooffs. Then the hostler is directed to
walk the animal up and down the length
of the yard and afterwards to run him as
List as the beast can go. If his action is
easy he is ordered 'lie 1 in' for the iual
"The last test is a-iun up hill for a dis
tance of 200 yards or fo to sec if his v nd
is good. No saddle is used. The host lor
simply mounts and trots to the starting i
point, riding back as fast as a liberal ap
plication of cowhide to his beast can carry
him. If the hor?e passes this muster ho
is purchased and led to the blacksmith
shop to bo branded. II13 llrat decoration
is a big U. S. on the left shoulder. When
hcisdeia ed to a logiment he is burned
again v. ith tho regimental brand and with
tho brand of his company cu the left hip.
For raor1 pc-fcet identification he receives
an additional marking on the hoof and is
then ready for business. I know of noth
ing more paii iul than tho branding of a
beast, and Itliink he knows of nothing
more painful himself. Tho brands be
come obscure in a few years and are neces
sarily renewed. It is a peculiar fact that
when the time cornea for renewing tho
operation nine out of ten animals remem
ber the pre ious doc, and it is no easy
matter to icperc it. New York Mail and
Tcntlmq; Jav; Island Ouster Uctl.
Oysters in deep water discharge their
spawn enrly in August, at which time
they are poor and unfit to cat. By trans
ferring them to shallow water the sun in
duces them to ripen in duly, and conse
quently two or three weeks are gamed.
Land fro.rt which ojsters have been
taken for shipping purposes is now being
covered with thells and stones, to which
the joung animals after hatching will at
tach I 'lemsohes. Not until some object
is found to wh.ch it may cling does the
oyster commence to form its shell. Plant
ers are using every effort to keep in subjec
tion tho pimipat enemy of their crop, the
r tar fish. Small steamer with dredges are
constantly taking up the ojstors, and,
after culiing out the stare, spiders, and
pcrin inkles, the cleaned oysters are shov
eled overboard on ground where no enemy
exists. The stars soon find their way to
the,new beds, however, and the operation
of dredging and culling has constantly to
bo repeated. New York Sun.
Veculiar Substitute for Common "Word.
The Atlanta Constitution claims that
Iho use of tho word "drug"' in "knocked
down and drug out," is peculiar to
Georgia. And The Indianapolis Journal
udds that when a lloosier says, "the
coon emik behind a log,"" he has a sub
stitute for the worl 'Knocked," known
only in Indiana. New Orleans Times-"DcEiozrcL
iA.--J '&ij C'MCCHQMrS rORTHeUSANDS MORE 111 THEVALins OF7HEVEST7?g. LiAl
L4 ? liwmmAmmm
- "il- - 1 -- rfC T Vt 3. ."SSrw.2? .T" J- jJjP"v- tfT-CW3'4'i!a 1
I ISff y
The Oldest and Largest House in the City.
ALDRICH & BROWN,
II A I A C1 0 I A nun Bnfmi TL11 mnnntn
id fliw.iMjiHm imuii,
Nos. 138 and 140 Main street,
GEO. H. BLACKWELDEH.
r j. s r i
P ljfill -Mi IS 8 iifiSSS
I am prepared to offer to Investors some Bare Bargains in Wic&
iraReal IDstate. Itfow i3the time to invest; if you hold off for
lower prices you -will be woefully disappointed. Prices are still
daily advancing and will continue to do so.
Below is a Partial List of our Bargains and Sure to
For the investor.
Johnston & Blaekwelder,
Real Estate and
Business Lots and Sub-Dividing Aere
Property a Specialty.
CTRANGERS visiting the city with a view of investing, will find
it to their interest to call at Room 2To. 1, IToble Block, Corner
Douglas and Topeka avenues, and see plats of the Three Inside
Additions, all of which are within ten minutes walk from the
Sole Agents for these Additions.
d olmstoii&; Black welct
A Regular AvalaneJie Goods
Our House is Too Small to Hold Our Immense Stoc&Iof
.acnes ana tn
We Will Make Cuts in Every -Department
Until Stock is Reduced
EAV- TORE STORE,
OHTNT &r HO
BUY LOTS IN
Jr J j
make Big Money
75 f e$ fraii!; on th3 corasr of Tenth at. and Wabash Ave.
50 fest front on Main st. in Falrview addition.
1 acre m Perry j addition; good location and a Bargain.
75 festfront on corner of Emporia and Kellosg sts.
100 lost front on the corner of Emporia a,nd Lewis st.
5o feet front on Fourth ave. 4 blocks south of Douglas ave.
10 acres in Tarleton's 3d add, very cheap; suitable forrsub
dividing. 37 feet front on JMariiet st.; now house, 4 rooms.
We have some very fine Business Property
tliat we can sell at Great Bargains.
Improved and Unimproved City Property
on the best improved streets in the city.
Lots on the inside on street car lines and in
outside additions. Suburban lots on the east
side in Maple Grove addition.
Business lots and business blocks for sale
at special bargains. Several fine tracts near
the city for sub-dividing and plating.
Improved farms and grass lands in all
parts of the county; also ranches in this and
All parties wishing to buy would do well
to call and examine my list before buying
W. A. THOMAS,
The Oldest Real Estate Agency in Wichita.
Bute -:-. & -:- Fisher's -;- tad -:- Addition .
These Lots are close to the City Limits, and are lying between Central Ave
and Second Street, east of town. These lots are for sale on chenn
easy terms. No college, Union depot or machine shops
are to be built on them. For
BUTLER & FISHERS HARDWARE STC RE
130 DOUGLAS AVE.
IDUCIIV V. SIlBTAUn.
Attonwy at La v
VIELE & SHEPARD,
Farm Loans and Insurance.
Money always on Hand for Good Loanc,
PLATE GLASS.. AND STEAM BOILER INSURANCE.
250 JBTortli 2Iain Street, Room 12.
WICHITA CRACKER COMPANY.
r Ji.uo opcacl a tln,t A hh or St W on . it:, U'nt ,- ,t,,(. w to fw Don ;!a Awiuo U itcl. w here
v III (o fouml llr-t ol j Tani-outd,
NewC-urliStt, nkvDrMn? IIopkm. Bvftythlnnowanl nntH.Ias3. OlremeacsU.
- - JSu
HpVrSi tib (& fed '
JLJiwM I ft tki
Tliv5-' T-.i.-'fl ,.t'i .. i.r ..J c 22 VJ
nest : Restaurant : in : Kansas.
WE JIAKE A SIM.CIALI-Y OF TROPICAL
AND liAttE COXrECTIONS.
au'l 31 FN i-Jreots,
UAMJOLtO : KOSSI. I'ropnetors.
Katinj? Vncool.cil Vcgotalilo l'ooil.
A community was started at Anaheim,
Cal., several years ago, the principal feat
ure o which wr.s that only uncooked veg
etable food w m lobs used by its mem
bers. One after another of the members
have left, either by resignation or starva
tion, and now but two are left. Chicago
- Ui-anmi Hoiim, ;rew Kiowa, Kau.-
CS"X. 15. Orders for ICE CREA3I In nnj tla
od in 2Ioulds or Bul'-c, promptly Jillod.
W. :. DEAN.
A. n. JLVXWXLL. Xo:arj- rubll:-
Real Estate Dealers.
We lia o propcrtj- In every desirable locality In the dtp: also a largo list of Farm Property. By calling
our ofilce j-ou can get our prices anu see our property free of charge.
-nooii 4 EAGLE m-OCK.
First 6talnvay cast of Wichita National Bank.
DEAN & MAXWELL
J. II. HOLUDAY.
J. R. HOLLIDAY I CO.,
Successors to 3LVJOP. & HOLLIDAT, Dealers la-
STAPLE and FANCY GROCER.IES.
ITo. 227 B. Donglas Ave., Wicnito, Kan.
Now is the time to buy lots in this addition
while they are cheap.
ONE MILE SOUTH ON LAWRENCE AVE.
Street cars and large brick
School house in connection. For further in
formation call at 6n S Market st.
MONEY TO LOAN
On Chattel Mortgages and City Property,
IN SMALL OR URGE AMOUNTS.
SHORT TIME AT THE LOWEST HATES,
WicMta Banking Co.
W. S. COinitTT. rrcsIJeut.
A. HESS. Vice President.
J. H. BLACK, Secretary and Sti-auit-r
vvnoiesaie uroeer tompany
Nos. 233 and 235 North Main St., WICHITA, KAM.'
HOTGHKINS & WHEELER,
RIAL ESTATE ! WAM HERS
SOLS AGENTS FOR
This Addition is located in the north part of the city, between
Fairview and Arkansas Avenues and is in the highest part of
city. We offer Special. Inducements for the nest 30 days.
No. 201, S-B CORNER DOUGLAS ATEKUB AND MARKET ST.
01 d WESTERN MORTGAGE AND TRUST CO,
Farm Mortgages, Interest at Low Rates, No Delay.
ACT AS TRUSTEES FOH COnPORATIONS. CO PAI'.TNEKSniPS, ESTATES A-VD INT5IVIDUAI-3.
INTEREST PAID ON DEPOSITS.
DAVID P.OEISON. JH., Vkeszdest, Toledo, Ohio. JAMES J. P.OEISOK. Sncwrrxmr.
SSSn FUNERAL -:- DIRECTOH.
nllr Rurial P.5cos
CASKETS, ROBES, GLOVES, CRAPE, ETC.
A rrlwe I JcpiH ae direct to Wlchlti Cemetery. OSce &lajr ven oa Doa;laj
'romjrt a'tcnti m to onlers by Telesrrarih.
Z-ZgS&rr&S&Sr An.! Dcalc
?2tg&;z Wnnrf f:lnthanHMof
Haw two fine h'cr"
avenne, Wichita, Kansas
C. A. STAFFORD.
T. F. CISJ3
STAFFORD & CLBGG,
Real Estate and Loan Agents
FINE CRACKERS and PURE CANDIES.
418 ana 420 BAST DOUOL&S AVENUE.
Wichita City Roller lis and jfeak
IflCORfCH WHD W
-Hanufacture the ToIIotvIdk Cflf-brated BracAj.-
Patent; WHITE ROSE, Extra' Fancy;
X. L. C. R., Fancy.
Thijo brands Iiavp been on tho marVrt car, west, ntrtli aM mii tor ioa rntraaJHl Uiej tmfw men n
n latjk! reputation vhororer Introduced. Tt tr thini I to eiiy w-iUi tfcsoi. " W mrm twj la the nur St
u he&t at highest cash price.
OLIVIIB. IMBODSN & CO.
RS AND BUILDERS OF
Water and Gas 'Works
PARTICULAR ATTENTION GIVEN TO CITIES III KAHSAS.
OFFICE X-WC0U.C7II and MAUJOTT STS. BT.IXJCIS. VHTUiTA WKJ
OFFICE :.'W COK UAIA afcd D0CGr.a AV1WUE. VJCMI I A, ltii.
( ISTAItl.IKirKI) i
: I J&'r
,., f ' A?S
M. , . at . ? J&i---?
&& .Zl1hZL;&lzZ -.J&
MULB.HOHSES JL3ST1D OJI!rrXJB
Bought and Sokl on CommisskJiL Liberei ad vaxacmeods vetuXQ
on consignments. Everything guaranteed as repr&idnted. Aociion
H, L. rilL, Proprietor.
0. B. STOCKER,
Office south side Douglas ve, 2d stairway w of Lawrence. J Mantels,
53' I 4" P AS R?M 1111
ism m ; e i n nc iinn st l niu i
l-IMII ISi- ! M UUV
ffiuiliiii lUL UU2V1! lislilj
'' Grates, B S Piro Brick,
MAPJ3LE: DVBT.nrillTi: SAND,: J, ATI I
Lime, Hair, 2?ow Tork and Jtlichlan Plaaten
116 "WIST DOUG-LjLS AVElTJE.
Will deliver ICE to any pan. of the City. j
Order by mail or give orders to drivers of otir wagons.
Louisville and Portland
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