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WICHITA, KAXSAS, SUNDAY MOPiXENX, OVEIBEH 28. 1886.
vol. vi. ro. 10.
5V II 4 fr r
rnm . w i fj-i . k.., :
Why Sticii a Figure Must Pall
Par Short of the Reality.
The Opinion of that llailroad Kin?
and Eminent American Finan
cier. Mr. Jay Gould.
The City of Destiny in a Country of
Unbounded Possibilities Wichita
and the Great and Little Ar
kansas Valleys A. Topo
graphical Center and an
It is an assertion or au observation not
unfrequently made that "Wichita will rapid
ly attain to one hundred thousand people
and then -stop growing. The philosophy
of such n prophecy, or the grounds for
such a conclusion, were probably never
succinctly suited. It cannot Imj denied that
the location of a general supply or distrib
uting point, or that the growth of a com
mercial center, is largely due to, and af
fected by, the topography of the country
and the way in which its tributary ter
ritory conform to such center, that, in
fact, the location of any commercial and
manufacturing city is the result of inexor
able environments, just as much so as
is the mouth of a river, the location
of a bay, or the drainage of a valley. Yet,
after ail, there is much that comes from the
result of a reaching out and after, as well
as that which flows in. li never having
been denied that "Wichita was a center, a
natural center with reference to the topog
raphy of her surroundings, and one not
only recognized but for years utilized by
the nomadic tribes of the plains, as well
a3 by the traders and hunters who followed
them. Any center marked by the con
fluence of important streams and con
sequent meeting of great valleys, becomes
just assure a center of population and a
center of mule as that water runs down
hill. It was and has been her location at
the elbow of the Missouri river, and its
junction of converging valley's, that has
made Kansas City a point in
spite of her hills. ravines and
lier long haired tobacco squirting founders
and, in spite of the efforts, the energy, cap
ital aud brains employed to make centers
of adjacent points. And now that Kansas
City is to lose her railway terminal, and
while that loss will inevitably set that city
back ami upset many of her wild aud reck
less speculators, still Kansas City is and
will remain a center, a distributing oint,
and for the reasons given.
The idea or conclusion that Wichita will
not lavc more than one hundred thousand
people, or having attained such a popula
tion the town will stop growing, is without
an- sense or - logic. Ten years ago the
Eagt.k found men in Wichita, or
dinarily shrewd ami successful! men,
who claimed Uiat it was rediculous
to talk about Wichita ever making a city
of more than five thousand people. Later
on years later on. nmuy claimed that
while we would be the biggest county scat
and therefore Use greatest town in South
western Kaua-. that nevertheless it would
be many years before the place could hope
to reach ten thousand ieople. That time
was so recent, even, that babes are yet
sucking, who were then born. Some men,
some who claimed then, and who yet
claim to be leaders of public opinion, even
editors, asserted, that the town had out
grown and was ahead of Uie country.
They were like the men who now ;ay
that Wichita can reach only one
hundred thousand population by which
time she must stop growing. These men
couki not or would not see that the eight
eouuties of Harvey, Hutler, Cowley, Sedg
wick, Sumner, Harper, Kingman and
Iteno, alone, would with their spiendkl
and prosperous county teats, and with
their many flourishing town-, support,
abundantly a trade and .manufacturing cen
ter of one hundred thousand jwople. The
man who denies that these eight great agri
cultural counties named will not more than
support such a center should refrain from
enturiug an opinion in public.
The only question which Wichita
had to decide the only struggle which
she was ever called upon to make was
whether she or some other town of this
same section, but less favorably situated
with reference to these counties should gain
the neeessury power and pre-eminence to
constitute her their center. As we said in
the outstart, whiie energy, brains and fore
sight may have proved important factors
in the settlement of the question of Wichi
ta's pre-emiuence, yet after all nature did
the most in that she fixed this as the nat
ural, the most accessible point for a vast
region of country. Originally the lands
for the main line of the Santa Fe railway
were withdrawn from market, by the In
terior department, in accordance with a line
filed by the way of the mouth of the Little
Arkansas river for that road. This was
the natural, the most inviting point to
strike. But to secure a big subsidy of val
ley lands the company changed the line and
went around by way of the Great Eend.
Immediately after the change had been de
cided upon the then manager of the road,
in discussing tne matter, said to the writer
of this, that after all they must send a
branch of the road down to this point the
very first thing or that some other road
would pull out from the cast to reach such
a natural point for a city :i3 the junction of
these wide and rich valleys offered.
Hut the great Arkansas valley reaches
out west to the base of the earth's back
bone, and down to the delta of the Missis
sippi; the Little Arkansas valley reaches
to the plateaus of the upper plains, while
the Walnut and the Ninnescah rivers, with
their broad, rich, alluvial margins, ilankus
upon either side; the dense timber regions
of Arkansas and her rich coal fields lie di
rectly on "Wichita's route to the gulf; south
and southwest of us is a country, a territory
a domain of valleys and of rolling pastures
and of streams which the red man must
relinquish in obedience to the west
ward moving r,tar of destiny and
aud give it over to the teeming
multitudes of civlization, to their homes
and industries, to their towns and their
cities, and all composing but a portion of
the future commercial field of Wichita, to
which point they will be more accessable,
more closely allied than to any other city
nnssiblv. And bevond that domain is
XoOdan's-Land, and still a little farther the
Pan Handle, other aud vast domains which
can reach a distributing point and central
market at Wichita, nearer by hundreds of
miles than at either Kansas City, Chicago
or St. Louis.
Taeu why talk of only one hundred
thousaud population for Wichita.
But again and more dellnite and more cer
tain than all, and better and greater thin all,
so far as Wichita's immediate future is con
cerned, is the territory west of this point,
consisting of the Great and Little Arkansas
valleys and their contiguous countries, the
twenty great aud rich counties of Kansas
lying south and west of the Great River
and the fifteen counties lying between the
Smoky Hill and the Arkansas, all of which
within a year will bo made tributary di
rectly, to Wichita by lines of steel whose
thundering, rumbling, rolling trains are to
cam- their supplies aud products to aud
With the four great trunk lines already
reaching Wichita from the cast, not to
mention others which have made arrang
ments to reach u. our city is now pre
pared to serve as a distributing center aud
as a market, all of this last named terri
tory, which b-jt awaits the extension of oar
projecting lmca and railway ieeuers 10
crowd our streets with their business men,
and to crowd our marts with their various
and nmitiplL'd products. The Midland
coming down the Little liivcr valley from
beyond the center of the state and extend
ing to the south line of Nebraska, crossing
at right angles all the through cat and
west trunk lines of Kansas; the Santa Fe
reaching the entire leugth of the valley,
the Wiehita and Western, now reaching
out nearly one hundred miles directly west,
the Wichita and Southern, touching all the
towns south of us, are all now contributing
directly to Wichita's trade and inline ncc.
But of more and greater importance to u
in our relations to the counties named
is the .Missouri Pacific and her ex-
tensive and auxiliary lines. The Wichita
Colorado aud its connections, the Anthony
branch to the southw est, and the D. M, &
A. .system, the latter of which is being
pushed as rapidly as money aud men,
backed by experience and energy, can do
the work. Of the importance of these last
named road? and their connections to
Wichita few seem to have any adequate
conception. They alone will give to Wich
ita all the territory named lying south of
the Arkansas river and the counties lying
between the last named river and the
Touching these lines and their import
ance to Wichita Mr. Jay Gould, in a letter
of recent date to the writer savj,
"The P. 31. & A. with its
projectious through the southwest counties
of vour state will soon lie direct Iv connect
ed with my system at "Wichita. I have
given the order to construct your Anthony
extension to Hnzelton ami Kiowa which
will le done imtncdiatelv. if the steel can
be had. the mill being greatly crowded
with orders just now. 31 r. McCracken.
the contractor, informs me that he will
complete the e-oustruclion of the ichita
and Colorado between Hutchinson and the
Kan-as and Colorado extension by January
1. which will irive Wichita a continuous
line through Harton. Hush and Nes5 coun-
ties ami on west. It is gratifying to note
tbe ctntmuei growth of AN ichita. It is
locateo in- JTsT thk spot von a mo Mr. Butler was lady Campbell's deares; i New ork, Nor 27. Vincent de Mir
city." friend. Dr. Utni had sought protection ; trt- ?jmsh nv2l officer xcmmi t,i nab-
It is unnecassarv to eniarce uoon the tor his cnaracter 03 ormging sm or csm-'tenr Jtilfc De Jnavnard, irencn
.Tc f c,,,., , ,Tt ; -j k. aires against Lord Colin Campbell for , ooera sisKrz. of 2. 108. had another
x. r . .l j cliargia phtintiir with criminal intimacy , iQg uxlar. Mrs. Austin, keeper of
bercr, w. Uiiuu iw iRCto, uie u.nmi-, u hta jR fac- Iv Campbell was i boardin house. 21 lie T)e Mavnard
mgs. aud Uie advantages which conspire u
make U ichita a great aty,' and which
have already made her pre-eminently the
business center of the proud state of Kan
sas, much le.ss to waste word in trying w
convince doubting Thomases that Yichita
will and must, nH oai reacn a popuiavioa
. ... ,.-
of -astly more than one hundred thousand,
uclialiiTure will almost certainlv
ami all the prosperity com-
nifn;urae With SUCh 3 CrOWtll Oe realized
j and enjoyed.
ENGLISH SCAN. MG.
Delectable Details of a Divorce
Suit in Progress in Lon
Lady and Lord Colin Campbell,
Members of the English
The Grounds Alleged by Plaintiff in
Her Prayer for Divorcement.
Cruelty and Adultery.
Defendant's Laisous Graphicly Por-
trajed by a Female Witness on
the Stand, who Observed
Ilia Capers in his House Maid's
Chamber to the Lascivious
Pleasing of Her Charms.
A Royal Feast for Heady Headers of
London. Nov. '-26. The action for di
vorce brought by Lady Colin Campbell
against her husband, Lord Colin Campbell,
fifth son of the Duke of Argyll, came up
for hearing today. The court room was
so crowded that officers had to barricade
the corridors to prevent the crowding from
becoming dangerous. Lady Campliell,
her sister and their mother sat together
beside plain tiff's director, Sir Charles Bus
sell. Lord Colin Campbell sat near the
plaintiff, at the same table.
Mr. Bussell in opening the case for Lady
Campbell said his client petitioned for di
vorce from Lord Colin Campbell on the
grounds of cruelty and adulter-.
The plaintiff, the lawyer continued, was
formerlv Miss Blood and was a respectable,
attractive person. She was married to
Lord Campbell in July, 1SS1. The couple
went away on a "melancholy honey moon,"
the groom being attended at the time by a
hospital nurse. In fact, Lord Colin Camp
bell was attended by a nurse from the time
of his engagement to iliss Blood down to
the date of the termination of their married
life, in 1-3. lie was, declared the lawyer,
never during that entire period, independ
ant of a special nur-e's care. This w:is be
cause his lordship was afflicted with disease.
Of course plaintiff could not have had
anv idea of what ailed her betrothed hus
band. The cae was so very horrible, de
clared the lawyer, that he w'ould refrain as
far as nossible'from even alluding to the
details. Russell said Dr. Bird, w ho had at
tended both Lord and Lady Campbell,
would testify to show that the lady's life
was wellnigh wnenuuraoie, out inaisuc naci
tried to do what she deemed duty required
of her; and when she became aware of the
nature of her husband's malady she desired
to remain with him as a companion, even
to nurse him in order to hide his misery
from the world.
Finally, however, as would be shown,
the wife found herself absolutely unable to
submit to enforced relation-hip with him.
She told her husband so and explained her
reason. He replied that she w as mistaken
alKnit him aud added the statement that it
was difficult for him to suppose that she
believed anything like she suspected to be
true of him. This solemn disclaimer by
her husband under the circumstances in
fluenced her. In April, 1SS3, plaintiff
miscarried. Then Lord Colin Campbell
sucrcrcsted that she had had improper rela
tions with their physician, Dr. Bird.
When the latter heard this intimation he
insisted on severing all relationship with
the family. Upon t!.' . the de fondant with
drew theacciisation, and requested Dr.
Bird to attend Lady Campbell. Lady
Campbcll then refusal to permit intimacy
on the part of the defendant, and he threat
ened her with expulsion from the hou-e if
she presisted in her refusal. She did pre
set: her husband suspended her money
allowances; she then applied for judicial
interference. To her application Lord
Colin Campbell made reply denying all the
charges. The lady's condition in beptem
!er, 13, was so "serious that a surgical
operation was performed upon her for
her relief. And yet. despite the fact that
all thN physical misery had been commu
nicated toiler by him her husband, during
the period of acute suffering would cruel
ly account for her condition by making
charires of infidelitv against hr.
n March, ltfSl, plaintiff obtained a de- j
e of separation. She repaired to her.
cree ol separation, sue re pa
father's house at Florence and returne-d to
England in June following. On her way
home she and her party stopped in Paris,
staving at a hotel. While they were there
at this" hotel, the Duke of Marlborough
called upon them. This visit was made
occasion by her husband for the charge of
Lord" Colin Campbell even went so far as
to w rite to the Paris authorities requesting
them to arrest his wife and lodge her in the
prison Used for the incarceration of prosti
This was difficult to believe, said Russell
thai anv man under ordinarv circumstances
i conk! act this war to his wife already so
iiriured. But. added the lawyer. Lord
Colin Campbell pride had been lowered
- , jnio the dust.
, ,Mr. luscll then detailed the crounds f
tiie charge of adultery which plamtill rr.aae
.lZiaiLXSl UCJCUUUUi. k UIUIU. -1.4 fcw .v.
.-m. ... . .(..,.. r...m.ir I tiintnfr ..., ts o T-c
view of the counter
charges made by ioru
Colin Campbell against plaintiff that she
j had been guilty of eTiminal conluct wiili
I the Duke "of Alurlborouch. Chief shaw and
j the Duke "of Alsrlborouch. Chief sha
! Kussell saiei the ladv wa in position
) siccessful!y meet all thoe charges. The
i Duke of jlariborotitrh and Shavs- were oki
j famijy friends: Lady Campbell ami Mrs.
( haw had long been intimate acouain
..-i T?i.r rtno rtf iw Trit
whom defendant sousht to connect plain-
tiT: ; old enousrh to be her father, and
i ahlt w refute any one ot the charges
t brought agama her.
incurs wirmsss cauea
counsel was Ladr MUcs.
i mjiu ivoru Rinpex: iu i3o- ". ti.
r-.n..ti k. ...-.1.1 A n.f.a tn!tn with
t . t .1 t j 1.11 : i ax W.. T afw
i mm a4 in .ii biwi t;w rtfaj iji stit i ur
I i . . t - -r - .1 .f -...U A.
vauiuui u ;c-unai iwtv .-, ..
, . . , ,. ... ...;
j th ilvt friendly relations Mward him
txm irm mm in o-uer respecis. jjdtu;
r-t...., ... i,or"'r;,,ci i,u -.r.fv
.?.;.;t,. rl if .a wmM t.11 it he
would let Lady Campboll have her own
way for a period of two years; that he
would treat her with affection. Witness
subsequently visited them in London.
She fonud Lady Campbell suffering in
tense pain. Lord Colin Campbell explain
ed by saying: There's been foul play up
stairs; Lad- Campbell has had a miscar
riage. Lady Miles protested that this could
not be so: "defendant re-affirmed that it
Witness believing Lord Colin Campbell,
that he had kept his promise relating to
two years, and had been deceived, straight
way "accused Dr. Bird of having taken ad
vantage of his position. Bird denied the
accusation and refused to longer attend
Lady Campbell unless the accusation was
Lord Colin admitted he had not meant
all that he had said and asked Lady Miles
to apologize for him to Dr. Bird. At the
same time he complained of the length of
time General Butler remained when he
called upon Lady Campbell.
She said at Lord Campbell's request she
had consented to be his witness so far as to
state that he had not been guihy of ill-
usage or ins wiie, oui saia sue urgcu ue-
fenclant not to call her because she knew
of his relations with the ciri, Mary Wat
son, and felt sure they would transpire
under cross examination.
After Lady Campbell separated from de
fendant, he complained to w itness of hav
ing been badly treated. I retorted that he
ought to think himself lucky because his
wife had obtained mere separation, not di
vorce, which she would have got if witness
had been callod to testifv. Concerning
Mary Watson, Lady Miles testified that the
girl Was a house" maid. Witness found
Mary Watson in Lord Colin Campbell's
bed room in Cadogan place; at the time de
fendant was sitting on the side of the bed,
dad in a night dress, and the girl was
lying on the bed with her arms around his
Plaintiffs counsel having closed her side
of the case, Lady Miles was cross
examined. She was not aware that a cab
man, bearing a letter from the Duke of
Marlborough once entered Lady Camp
bell's bed-room. The cabman might, wit
ness thought, have handed Lady Campbell
a letter indoors instead of through a ser
vant; might have received from her a re
ply direct because under the circumstances
in" which she was placed Lady Campbell
might have suspected her servants, especi
ally her husband's nurse, and feared to en
trust them with any correspondence.
At this noint certain letters written by
witness to"defendant were produced and
she was asked if they were her's. She
said thev were, and added that when she
wrote them she thought she was writing to
a muu of honor and not such a person as
Lord Colin Campbell had turned out to be
(sensation); that she still thought a wo
man's letters should be considered sacred
(applause). Mrs. Duffy, Lord Campbell's
nurse, Ladv Miles continued, invented the
story that Lady Campbell had miscarried.
An effort was made to conceal the real na
ture of Lady Campbell's affliction. Lord
Colin Campbell had told witness he was
endeavoring to obtain all the information
he possibly could against his wife, in order
to sue her for divorce; nad suoequentiy
told witness that he had failed to obtain
Bussell, plaintiff's counsel, corrected the
opening statement by adding to it that
Lady Campbell, when she married defen
dant", brought him her fortune, .'30.00Q.
Bussell the-" 'avc notice that plaintiff's case
Robert Banultyue. Q. C opened the
case for the defense. He said it afforded
inexpressible relief to Lord Colin Campbell
to have an opportunity to defend himself
in open court from the gross and cruel im
putations which had been put upon him
and from the charge of adultery
which had been truuiDed up. The
maladv from which defendant suffered
was not vencr.il, although the result of
youthful indescretion. "Lady Campbell's
mother had been told the nature of defend
ant's ailment before their marriage, but she
nevertheless urged on the union, saying
her daughter was willing merely to act ao
nurse to her husband, and even wrote to
the Duke of ArgIc to press upon him the
fulfillment of the engagement; the mar
riage was authorized by physicians who
said it was desirable that defendant should
have marriage relationship with plaintiff.
During Hie caster season of 1SS2, the Duke
of Marlborough, who had been corres
ponding with her and was often
seen in Lady Campbell's compau-.
They - "sited "Leigh court at same time
and their bed rooms there adjoined. Doubt
less, Mr. Finlay contended, the D.:ke of
Marlborough and Lady Campbell at this
time were criminally intimate, 'f they had
not been before. After this Lady Camp
bell went to Paris, and on this journey she
was chaperoned by Lady Miles. They re
mained in Paris one month, the Duke of
Marlborough being there idso. When
Lady Campbell returned from Paris she
sent her maid to Switzerland, evidently,
the lawyer said, because the maid knew too
much. That maid would be called by the
defense anu would testify that on
the 12th of August J.ady Campx-ll
went to Burfleet hotel and remained tat-re
with the Duke of Marlborough until the
following Monday. General Cutler visited
Lady Campbell .during her husband's ab
sence and used to remain with her as long
as three hours at a time. Once during one
of these interviews some one called to see
Lady Campbell. She came out of the
room, her hair disarranged, shouted "not
at home," and resumed to General Butler.
in the meantime Jorei t.oim isinpueu . of lne ! of provisions and ciotbins.
came home unexpectedly while c?n hU annual report to the secretarv of the
still in one of the rooms down sUtirs. Uea -
el Butler slipped out on tiptoe witnoat
That ame eieorns
j Lady Campbell was taken ill. Lord Camp-
i bell remained in Leigh court from Au-
j ru-t. 1J2, to February, I"2
j Uunngtms time i-acy e-ampaeii weni
. Tiwnn in -n , jrs.irtr, vnri iiuniiiii ..i .uiikib'i
' iv.ftii 4 .4V. irnaiA v. ..-v. ....-...
i with Ur. MJini. lora ioim CRmpoeu incn
j knew nothing about his wjfe' bad con-
j duct, but she had a guilty conscience. She
cut Solicitor Lewis to write the letter
Lewis to write the letter
Colin Campbell with giving
? diso&se and refusing to
toiuera iaoisomf utsease ami reuising o
uvewiui- mm as uis .ne. i.wu vubb
CampbdJ had never heard of such n!
clwrge Ifefore. ahd of course refused to i
asTC that thev &hocId not live together as
! m... if "
; .-."-.. i
. .. New York Scandal.
had fonaerly lived under the name of Bart
i t .i. rf- . , 5
I Iclt. thaae had alwars kpot an assarna-, ttet tae tmm sea oroucs uie oamtswms edly bow an tuuotm: irnn ju vsn .
by piaintifTs xjtKi boftee: procoueceel it a chares; ofsacd varied aids 10 narigjitjon under iu - .r. . I
She testiaed as bbekadh. Mrs. Antia was at one time charge up to the proper stanturd aod ha To e"en uiu v rs-ca. .
I m-.rrir In th cm nf n nmmMn! rkln i trtTH-"jll that U rXMSOle -?,hh lt fuodf at ClJrEfcA3rD. . XoT 27 Tb -
uwTtT &y e uaae oc AUSim tail was ci- $ iw ubjiusw. wuwgra- jw. .
l.j &.. t,; t i r... . .tuk,d,MKSmniAli HoniWttij. !'.
-t . .- -. -, , t. -?
j hhixu ui utiu. .iinxt: i 3t.fiswu w.
:.. -,". " s"
t-j iftferTrmfnc :n t4mti n -ifi ir - jrnic
." 1 - - -?
ur?7Ai-o:-. 1., -or. z. .vacrew r..
fnTvTfn 'fn.v!ion nnth th. -n -i t-ts
crol ! rwxm nil'l tn LH l . tmn
Condition of the Soldiers' Home;
Its Inmates and Its Man
agement. Acting Surgeon General Baxter
Satisfed with the Army's
The Jndre AdTocate General Favors
the Adoption of the English
Code for Courts Martial.
Tho Balance of Foreign Trade
Against Ua as Shown by the
Bureau of Statistics.
Satisfactory Reduction in Expendi
tures for Supplies for the Navy,
with Improvements In
Quality of Purchases.
Washington, D. C., Nov. 23, 1 a. m.
The following are the indications, for Mis
souri: Fair weather, slightly -warmer,
variable winds, shifting to southerly,
For Kansas: Fair weather, no decided
change in temperature, variable winds,
Washington, D. C. Nov. 27. The
president today appointed Thos. T. Ashby,
of Kiverton, Neb., register of tha land of
fice at Bloomingtou, Neb., vice Simon W.
THE SOLDIER'S HOME.
From the report of the board of com
missioners of the soldiers' home, it appear
ed that 310 persons were admited to the
home during the year; 93 inmates were
discharged at their own request; five were
dismissed; thirty suspended, and forty-one
died. There are now S9- regular aud 52
temporary inmates at the home. The num
ber is larger than ever before accommodat
ed. The cottage formerly occupied by the
president for a summer residence has been
assigned to inmates of the home for occu
pancy. TWO UOLI.AU CEKTIFICATES.
It is stated at the treasury departmem
that new two dollar certificates will be
ready for general distribution in limited
ejuantities about the end of next week.
THE HEALTH OP THE AIIMY.
Acting Surgeon General Baxter of the
ariny lias submitted his annual report to
the secretary of war. The report fchows
for the army a year of exceptional freedom
from disease, although it has been one of
unusual hardship and activity for troops
stationed on the southwestern frontier. The
surgeon general says it is a matter of con
gratulation that not only the admission
rate to sick reports for the troops but also
the death rate has fallen to a point lower
than nt any time within the
history of the medical department,
and comparison with the rates of admis
sions and deaths for all the years of peace
since lb39, will show a progressive and ap
parently permanent improvement in health.
Losses to the army frum discharges for
physical disability hae also decidedly de
creased. Though not to the extent shown
by the death rate, it is shown that a irreater
proportion of invalids '.vas furnished by
troops under 31 velars of age', while up to
the age of '2o the rate proved so much
above the mean for the whole army that
the surgeon-general sys it may be fairly
questioned whether the services rendered
by these young men arc equal to the cost
of their maintenance. Men of Irih birth
furnished the highest mortality rate; the
English btooel next and Germans third.
AtTER THK ENe.LlsU CODE.
Col. L. 31. Leiber, acting judge advocate
general of the army, in his mutual report
recommends that to commissioned olncert
within certain narrow ami well deimed lim
its le entrusted the power of summary
punishment, such as is conferred by the'
English code. The lack of jwwer in n
court martial to punMi civilian witnesses
who refuse to testify is sail to be likely to
lead to an entire failure of justice in orae
cases. The English code and the articles
of our navy confer this power ami its ex
tension to army court martisls is reconi
the balance u. tradk.
The bureau of statistics rejxwts tlie value
of our imports for the yetu: cndiiuc October
81 at 655,838,770. against 572,43! .878
for the preceding twelve months, and the
exports at $807.O92,,s62, agidust 716.712.
7ICLL mTTTKK REVKNCB.
It is stated at the internal revenue bureau
that the revenue from the tax ou oleomar
garine which went into eiTett on U 1st
iiw.amouu .wu -w.w" .; "
i . . i-. .Artrt f -
1 , -s ,h.. the regujt (t jrcl economy
m tfat. page 0 supplies during the rear
.i,OT,nrfratj iht ttu-r.. KH risl lkr-n
for tbe jnlrodction of more careful j
Ktit8 w.hrU intr, tho admimtntikir ofi
th i' Q sa ju necesarr purchaeea ofi
f ,1 During the year the bureau s
f tY- .if .,. ... .it.
, pnjiTnw; ft.-CI.tr.lZ 4T1UIV1XF rtlli. IU 11VC
cewni reduction of prk.
fr mr inctnf ith maaifent improve
mKJl lhe qUajitv of the stores obtained,
t tt o- nf ,Jj--in' our vewt abroad
y. o gapirins: our veet abrowi i
bv nodical hipment"of opaJie h been ;
j ii9 operation u U unite SBtafactorv ;
,;-5, -.!.., a,t
rASrttwc oct tkb lte.
Mr. Kandali spends favorably of the
progress o his coamuuee opoe appnri-
tioti bufe. Sah-oawttoe5 ere at worK on
ieoonaiuees are kw ob
the Dsrici of ColumMa. u!ry ctrtt and
JegfcktiTc, exearfiw and jadtaaJ ipro-
priatkm bffl. aad the haer beyao worfe $
day. UohnVarmaad h alleged wife, who 'tiro a hrM .
ToroiCTue.wo were aeigbbx? of the Pc-e . Ilka mfe- mitt a .
The XBoaai report of tbe Bgb houae lake to t thai arrests bare haea taade, :g T b":
boani deseritess in detail -Ae w jzk doee though they areMltety to be ataay raocaeo Mf'A -umierits
irectioa durinK the fi-cal year god if the proof hi good again the m Scr. aad ' r
ending Jub- . hot. The rer-"rt taus &sd awthsi tedst Jywh vBl aadcht- errwr. c.i ;
Cougrtsa ha year amhomd
I 1 JT X. J. r-L IJ L,
. vjn.CTj - - v -
, matraMi iu lvc Afauc. "sivlvsx. :zi
'u.,c.- r,i. r.KfC .
' new supply ?temef. etc., bat made no ap-
powerex- o arc ia me asauer. i d
J t,ta t rrri;Jat ii nsxRhulhftat
U'nnr!i. brhti -ra Win-r: in f.tvirnhii -
water? and that the board be authorized
provide temporary lights in cases of emer
gency. The estimates for supplies, sala
ries, repairs and other general expenses of
the service for the nexCfixcal year amount
to $2,239,000. Estimates for special ap
propriations amounting to $1,350,550 are
also sumitted. these include 40,000 for a
steam tender for the western riyers.
HEAVT MAIL ROBBERY.
Superintendent. Bell of the foreign mail
office, reports tonight the receipt of a dis
patch from the postmaster general of Bel
gium informing the department that the
.United States mail for ltussin, while pass
ing through that country last night, was
rnhbl nf 141 reristerwl Dackajres. This
was believed to be in the mail that left
New York on the 17th on the steamer
Eider, and left London ou the 26th for St
St. Louis, Nov. 27. A large mcetinsr of
stockmen and citizens was held at the Na
tional stock yards this afternoon to consider
matters pertaining to the oleomargarine in
terest. After a free discussion, resolutions
were unanimously adopted declaring thst
wholesale dealers"' license of 4S0 and the
retail dealers license of IS are exhorui
tant, being from five to twenty times as
much as required on whiskey, beer, tobac
co or dears, and arc fostcrinc a monopoly,
discriminating in favor of large manufac
turers and dealers, and against the small
ones, that thctax of 2 cents per pound on
oleomargarine meets all the requirements
and objects of the law and fully protects
the agricultural classes, that the manufac
ture of oleomargarine enhances the value
of cattle from two to four dollars and hog
from twelve to 15 cents per head, and urg
in-r all friends of the cattle interest tr
memorialize congress for a reduction of tne
special licenses and for a repeal of all the
obnoxious prohibitory and monopolistic
features of the oleomargarine bill. A mem
orial to congress was drafted and signed b
all the commission merchauts of the Live
Stock exchange aud seve-ral hundred citi
zeus, setting forth the objectionable fea
tures of the oleomargarine bill and tho bad
effects they have, especially in aiding the
large manufacturers and crushing out tin
small ones as well as the throwing out of
employment of several thousand men, and
particularly praying that the special license
An Operator's Blunder.
Kansas City, Vov. 27. The Missouri
Pacific passenger train, due here at 7.0
this morning, collided with a freight train
near Greenwood, twenty miles eat of this
city. The engine of the wrecked freight
train was hurled upon the forward part
of the mail car, crushing it and killing
Elijah Mairofiin, the postal clerk. F. 11.
Beebe, another clerk, is in a dying condi
tion. The engineers and firemen saved
themselves by jumping. None of the pas
sengers were hurt. The accident wa
cauied by a blunder of the operator at
Greenwood, who sent forward train No. o,
instead of No. 123. The track was cleared
Lvteu. The postal clerk who was kill
ed was Cole E. McLaughlin of Independ
ence. Mo. Frank Beebee of , Wyandotte,
was badlv scalded, but will recover. Two
other clerks: L. O. Yickcr and O. P.
Miller of St. Louis, were badly bruised.
There were nine clerks in the car, which
was completely wrecked.
Infractions of Federal Laws.
St. Louis. Nov. 27.- Judge Treat of the
l". ix district court, in giving additional in
structions to the I". S. grand jury on the
subject of election frauds this afternoon,
made the important oint that under fed
cral and state laws the -tate judges of elec
tion are subject to the federal law, ami a
willful violation of their dutie. i u imlirt
able ojleus?. ile alo said thut if the- UU
Jv,ard of registration and revisers had
stricken from the INt of voters the name or
names of tvraous without having first fully
sati-ficd themselves thai the person o
st-icken off had no legal right Jo vote, then
the members of the board had committed
mi offene against the federal law nnd were
subject te indictment. Any pron who
vsted from a precinct of which he was uot
n resident is al-o unliable, and the jury
were so instructed to find.
Dnvitt on lioaao.
New York, Nov. 27. A special from
Montreal says. Michael UaWtt raid last
uight with fefe-rence to O'Donovaa Uuma's
talk ami plot on his life: Iio, I hare
the greatest contempt for. lie i not a rep
resentative of the Iri-h people, but only of
a lot of drunken froundrel. I consider
him nothing le than a driveling kliH w!h
is doing much Iiarm to the cause. I will
have an opportunity of referring to hi
character and conduct in New Yorfc before
I return to Ireland and I shall do so but
I don't deire to soy anything further sbout
of his faction.
What about McDtnnoU? one m
the moat iufamotfe men in existence. He
was a npj in Ue pay of ibe Eogik gur
croment "and farcnte! plots and outrage to
conTicl innocent jwn. I know be Ja
threatened to hoot me, bat my Hfe will
never be taken by such a thorough facet!
An Honorable; ntin.
New Yokk, Not. "7. Heory M. Sa
t .w ! L. U, Vow VorV
I "ST. MIC .ViiPtJ oumic.
havinit arriTwl last niirht. He cobhw here
v - ; - .
f or lb luirno- nt kctuHaf OO Afntt.
He sjjeniu Terr giowiagly of the rich re- S
source; of Ue Congo free -.um, ami aajs
that if the Algerian syndicate carries ri
its project to Luild a radway from a pofaftl
i 110 miles uu froc
lrMii tb$ HMXttii ot use e.ogo
: for a distance of
23- mile-, ak the we
i of ih nninrou catett Ut S:aoieT'pooi, ,
the fatre of that noontty Ul be as ia-
me ooe. a that rwiwar would piaee Ae
upoer Congo ia direct eommuakatloB with
, all oounun3: hut fte mU, wttaoat um:u
. ..... ,K. .sv... ntmrwx ,A w.it rif. xn Ku. ..fiaia
' MC WKJLV .. .. H w .
j people ti
He sut the natrre are m ponr '
though so Udtoijznbie aak. '
That Kentucky Horror.
LoriftTtujc. Kt., Not. 27 A Coentc
j Journal vpecfad say An drrelopioento se
i made tbe Knox ouusty. Kt . aflair grows
in horror. It fe umioabtedly true that.
ilrs. Poe al her two hdy gueaU wn-
..x uUr- 4fc latt ehiMrpti
-a-Uf-i wi .-j faarned i
boms -re. 6rros xko did fa are not port
jij- i-. ihork nncidna reU urwn
! iag Croor W4 ntur! a rettbV te the
h w.uhc ,-. - .--
i UMuoU' mnntrfw Ur. v henrr. J
,, bu - - " -
iu.jctt4 -uMmm. - " - - '"
-. mun, u Vr fliM Mflrf
., , tf h.r hnAavmi. R
jftiaia Wheeler, k il. sad ckiw that h
; eoroarr m wonauK p -r r Z
I FVrfft Sn. Nrraiir 12. at r about
! S-!VI n m hv Mar Clicfcai V datls
to ! her husband, Etajasin 'Whfelfcr.
A Cliamplonslilp Series of Eng
lish Cusnion Carom Bil
tne Cnicago and St.
One llunelreel and "Eijrhteen Innlasrs
Played and Five llundrcel
Points Scored by Winner.
The Chicasoan Won the $2,000 Stake
and Gate Receipts, Leading
his Opponent Thirty-one.
Great Trot Event at San Prancbco-
Slujrjrlnt; Bee at Philadelphia
Betw een Pete McCoy aud
Slosson dinner by Thirty-One Points.
St. Lotris, Nov. 27. The nrat two
games at cushion carom billiards between
Geo. F. StosMJii, of Chicago, ami Jacob
Shaeller.of this city, was played at Mason
ic hall this c ening. The3ttti are each
for $2,000 a side and gate receipt--. 500
points on a regulation o by 10 tabic The
bank was won by Shaeiler. who chose the
white balls aud mltcd, lenving an ea-y emc
for SIoi.on in the Imvfrr left corner ot the
fable. Tho Chicago man sat w ith 7 to hw
ijclmffer made three, mtssiajc ouo isy
cross tnbleshot; Slosson failed to score
Schaffer made four awl again miasenl tm
tsisy one. At this stage both pinvers m-, tn
eel a little nervous and playing was ery
raP5tl- . , - i i f
Up to 11 this evening plnymg wa iudd
ferent and few phots ot a brilliant e hurae
tor had lxen made. Then Schaffer n ado
several dilllcult plays adding It t Ijw
tron. taiYinfr totals at the end of the
eleventh inning: siclmffer 31; Xjloaom 2.
From this time on to the thirty-flrst m
ning the game was interoting and marked
by a mtmber of pretty sIkHs em e-nch side,
which received applause. However, ScLaf
fer seemed in Ix-lter form and continued t
increase the lead over bin rival, who w:ncd
unable to get the balls in n h1 position
for a run of any mju In his Imlf of the
thirtv-first Schnffer crossed tho hundred
line with a run of 18 Slosm fnilowtd
wi h 13, the score standing chaffer 11H,
Slosom f-ee-med to gather him- If to
gether at this point and In tho next tv in
uinga succeeded in imping the hundred
point, the score landing at the end t the
the thirtv-stvcnlh innhijr. S-haetrir 1-8.
Slosson 'ill. The next eight inning w e re
without feature, but tho ChicBgoian wtvs
plaving better billiards and not withstand
tng Sehae-ffer hud dt trl hi5 coat, n U:i
mil to narrow the breach between hnutlf
aud hi-j opponent, aed " the ft' Uf!u
scored 13 amid a ronmi of hearty appia'-k'
CIo- together the struts kept f r the
next ten inning alternating In the Icul
until the tffty fifth, whin Schaefftr b a
run of 2(5 pinre-d hia core at IV. wth
SUnwn 191. In the fifty rixth rfcuvff r
pal the iecoml hundred to hi reditvrh
n run of 23. the w lUm fclun lng
ShefTer221, HUmxm ll. i- ? "
nings mred to place Slowirei m th
om e more, be having 283 to 2W fer ),
ponent. la the Muvly-lliinl :
SrbaeftVr got to bi SMth poin'
In hi eighty-third iatdag Slosn i
bin third hundred, makiag 2. ami I- ..
the M.orr of Sehactfer 333, tiltmim 3"
tM.Hwon tben obtained Uh !!. m. 1
United it. getting 4&0 before hi" of p i
the acore fttanding at the ed wftlM i
Sirwnon 403, Scnaeiler :l
Three bluings iaU r & haeffer hud
300 and SIcmkim 43!.
In the one Jwmired awl etebteitU
Tbead. the score andig 440 to42f .
led only for a momeat, SkwaoQ Ui
m and holding h to the fate.
by 31 point
Toward the eloae Schrf&r raCi 1
conk! not regain wht ho had kL
Hcore--Sloeiiaoa; average 40 i
runs IS. 2rt.
Srhatfrr 430: ag af.H-W, tr-- ;
2' ,8' . u Ai
Tiuw of gu, Utf? bcatrtnttafli .
Stu-sur Kwl SHly.
Pixj.j.AflBJ,rmA. Kor. ST. Jar I.
don. f FUt.iKkli.bia. aw! i'ete Ik (
Bowton. fought hwe TiotKi nm a i
all giovea. Prfe XcCty aa hi r
ditiw aad puhd the fight f mm t ,
posishrag Id opponent neverely al
nead aoo lacr. in iw unm iwm
vel in a awiflgteg rfght hand I i
LaafdcHi'a neck, floorhag him Hk v
He n malnrrl niw iiwritmiT trrtj f - -ood
aad McCoy "1
Th Mrteo IrH.
twi was ro H4ay hy Harry Wffli
tAtdl 6m, aeenad aad the fourth
The third heat w m by Guy 'A
Tie. 2:i5 1-2. 1 1 1 2. 2 1 35. 2
tUh llmtuA &f tho U?hufl.
: v-. " rt-
j , Sn .7 t -,' tit mmdk
uiKnm0tttl tUy Psvimtx. &,?
f i,lT UllLl
Loch, boot aad tbm
4gaa todmr: muhmtod at
fnMlltin frMtQtO The bflwi
m . h urj:r'
Mostok. Mxm . So tt.t. Jl H'
dealer hi Hun?, km uiiiiadi'l
t Hfe HahiUlwa are mid U be hy
.V. Greuuerr at tho 'VV'eel
i, !. i
a v "
Si. . asorn.fa,; .
'. h jt ' - ." '
arored to he the iwmbi
j cxpfcoa, to mvm her f rv.
( , i T iT- fc-
ber oo Yttim Whiiflg wJana. I Or '
. . . . j. .
- "- - - - -
1 rS llitt M 1MC1 d Mi IH V
. thwm rfte -mm taed b J V O
J of tTehd. aed
Jjnpfcb WAiKrvemrKa Sld
3lBxras, Ta-JL. $0. t TV
t phi aJrorts re
T t U iWffiCA.