Newspaper Page Text
S&c WlichiUi Sails gagle: Spettteg turning, gecember 10. 1886.
FRIDAY MORNING. DEC. 10, 1886.
IMPORTANT TO WICHITA.
A dispatch from Little Rock to the
Globe-Democrat on Tuesdays says that the
Little Rock, Mississippi River & Texas
railroad has been bought by Jay Gould,
which purchase was the all-absorbing ques
tion among the bankers and jobbers of that
city. This road, which has lately been in
the hands of a receiver, runs from Little
Rock to Arkansas City on the Mississippi
and is the road managed by Henry Wood,
who with his associates last winter secured
a right of way through the Territory up
the Arkansas valley. It seems the attempt
was made also last week by the Missouri
Pacific to purchase the other end of the
line reaching from Little Rock to Fort
Smith. This movement may prove of the
utmost importance to Wichita, especially
in connection with the Wichita and Cedar
vale cut off. Mr. Ilenrj' Wood, the man
ager of the L. 11., M. T. & T., wrote the
writer of this but a few days since touch
ing the extension of the Arkansas Valley
route to Wichita, but we are advised that
when the above purchase was consumated
he immediately left forXew York cit'.
THE KELATIOf OF THE PKESS TO PUB
Before the State Sanitary Convention by
The funny incident connected witli the
meeting of the state sanitary eonventian at
Wichita is the fact that our real estate
dealers catch each incoming delegation of
members and take them a swing about tlie
city pointing out its looming indications of
coming greatness. The serious phaze of
the matter is that a number of them have
caught on and want to invest. One very
prominent man of the state said to us that
he would have to turn his affairs into such
a shape :is to enable him to make at least
one investment in Wichita. The meridi
an's magical mascot, the peerless princess
of the plains gathers them in,
BELLE PLAINER KANSAS.
To the Editor of the Eagle:
Yesterday we voted bonds to the Wich
ita. Winfleld and Fort Smith railway. The
vote stood 2o4 for the bonds and ninety
four against, The vote in Palestine town
ship was almost unanimous for the bonds,
only six votes being cast against them.
The Fort Smith is the road that the Wel
lington ites hoodwinked the voters of the
southeastern and northwestern portions of
Sumner county with by calling it the Ft.
Smith, Wellington and Northwestern, a
scheme to carry the bonds for the Rock
Island. They promised the voters much
when they could give them nothing. In
fact the company never had promised
Wellington the Fort Smith railroad. Let
ters from the company to that effect can
be shown, but btill the Wellingtonitcs
persisted in humbugging the people by
this falsehood. Now in thelaM four weeks
the company's charter has been surrendered
or the Santa Fe company has given up
their interest in the Ft. Smith railroad to
the Ft. Smith railroad company alone,
which compairy will build the road, ami it
will be one continuous line by the way Of
Winfiel and Belle Plahutfo Wichita, em
bracing' the W. & W., in other words the
W. & V. and Ft. Smith roads will be one
line, managed by one company, and rates
am be had from Belle Plaine to any part
of the United States on any line of railroad
coming into Wichita or Wmficld except
the Santa Fe or J)., M. & A. These rates
1 refer to are to be without any
transfer charges, virtually the same as
though these different roads came to our
town. Cannot anyone mh; the magnificent
advantages that are possible for Belle
Plaine in the near future with three direct
lines of railroad to ship their immense
amount of products to market. The W. it
W and Ft. Smith roads will give us a
wncct outlet to the southern market, the
very roaiJ wo have long sought. e want
their timber, their lumber, their coal, and
they want our corn, wheat and hogs. The
lime is coining when Wichita will be our
commercial center as well as the commer
cial center of all the country we.t and south
of us, and no railroad will contribute moie
to build up this modern Damascus (Wich
ita), thk .Memphis on the American Nile,
than this W. W. & Ft. S. R. R.
Situated as she is in the midst of one of
the most fertile mid countrys in America,
Wichita is bound to become a great com
mercial center, and Belle Plaine with her
diverse railroad interests has the very best
pos-ible prospects she ever had. Surround
ed with as line agricultural lands as there
is in the state, it is a wonder some enter
prising man does not start a grist mill in
this city, there is no better opening.
Poor Wellington, the greatest kicker of
any old cow city in the state.- must jo"
along with the Santa Fe, but good enough
for the princess of evil doers and ringster
of chicanery. Say won't you spread the
eagle at the head of this letter, and and,
and. a n d. can't you make .it scream
no, no, no, nor you can't paint a dvinir
groan either, if you could 1 would have
you paint a full grown groan for poor
Wellington, the ckv that sets in sack cloth
and mourning where the wild blast howls
WICHITA AND TRINIDAD.
From the Uarlor Count, iu.nx
The Wichita and Trinidad railroad sur
veyors. with .Joseph Broaddus, chief in
charge, arrived her yesterday, having com
pleted the survev into this city. The first
line ran from Wichita to Norwich, ami
from there directly here. The second and
last survey goes from Harper to Norwich
and from Harper here, almost on a direct
line. The two surveys meet one mile anil
a quarter northeast, at the bridge over Elm
creek. Mr. Broaddus thinks either one of
the routes a practical one. both being free
from angles and neither having "heavy
jiiades, forty feet to the mife
being the maximum. This distance to
Wichita by eitherof the routes is eightv-one
miles. Whether or not auv survev will be
made west or south of here. Mr. Broaddus
could not say. He expects Mr. R. J
Simpson, the secretary, aud Mr. II. Dal
hoff. the treasurer, to be here today and
after they have looked over the work al
ready done, the balance of the program
will be decided upon. Here, then, "will
be an apportunity, we think, to get a direct
connection with Wichita, and if, as is cur
rently reported, the Wichita & Trinidad is
in fact the Rock Island system, it will be
the best connection that we could get.
The relations of the press to the public
health are the same as those of the press to
any other great public interest. There is
on the one side the welfare of the commun
ity, and, on the other, a vast agency of
power and influence controlled and wielded
by private individuals. The relation may
be two fold actual and ideal that which
is and that which ought to be. The actual
relation of the press to public sanitation is
not one of absolute indifference, nor yet
one of pronounced interest. It regards the
subject very much as the vast public does
as one for the doctors to take care of, as
one of professional interest to the medical
profession, as one of some moment to the
philanthropist and sociologist, but of no
very pressing or vital interest to the public
at large. The press, as a rule, pretty fair
ly reflects public sentiment. When the
community is alive and aroused upon any
subject, the press thunders away with all
its guns; but when the public evinces no
interest in a matter the press cannot afford
to waste too much ammunition upon it. So
much for the actual.
As to the rel ation which the press ought
to sustain to public sanitation, that can
only be measured and determined by the
magnitude of the subject itself. Disease
and death are the clouds which most dark
ly lower over human life. He who can
mitigate the one or postpone, however
briefly, the inevitable arrival of the other,
is a human benefactor.
Death, at last, is the irrevocable destiny
of our race. Not all the laws of health,
or all the medicaments of the healing art,
or all the prayers of love or tears of grief
can avail to unwrite a single letter of the
sentence, "Dust thou art and unto dust
thou shalt return." While this is true, it
is also true that proper attention to the
laws of health would very sensibly pro
long human life, and much diminish hu
man suffering. A vast proportion of the
deaths which now occur are premature.
Infant humanity fields a tribute of almost
half ita members to this grim destroyer;
the ground beneath the tree of life is whit
ened with the fall of its untimely blossoms;
youth with its hopes and opportunities,
with its ambitions and aspirations, comes
to a sudden stop and the tune of life is left
half played; the stroug man falls by the
way side and lives out but half his daj's.
Not only this; all the circumstances at
tending death have their horror enhanced.
Instead of the life-force gradually fading
out in old age like the gentle decline of a
sunset, it passes away in the storm and
stress of disease, the bodv racked with
pain and the mind filled with anguish.
A verjr little reflection and investigation
reveals the fact that under the present con
ditions of living, a very large percentage of
disease and death occurs from preventable
causes, that is to say from causes which
are more or less under the control of human
intelligence and will. Some of these causes
might be extinguished altogether; others
might be greatly lessened. Sanitary
science has to do with these preventable
causes of disease and death. It cannot con
fer immortality, but it may contribute to
longevity. Among these preventable
causes are some which are within the con
trol almost entirely of the individual, while
there are others which can only be reached
through the combined action of the com
munity in its corporate capacity. It is
these latter which give occasion and ground
for a system of laws relating to the public
health, and render proper the existence of
a state board of health. The individual is
not able to provide for sewerage and drain
age, nor can he protect himself against the
dangers of contagion. These and many
other matters connected with the public
health can only bo reached by the common
It will perhaps intensify our apprecia
tion of the importance of public sanitation,
and thus help to show the relation which
the press should hold towards it, if we
glance in detail at some of the preventable
causes of disease and death.
And first and foremost among these
causes we might specify war. Probably
nothing has done so much during all his
tory to shorten and destroy human life as
war. Nor does there seem to be much
present prospect that the reign of peace on
earth will very soon begin. Our own cen
tury has witnessed some of the greatest and
most destructive wars since the beginning
of the Christian era. During its first quar
ter, there were the great Napoleonic wars,
which drenched all Europe in blood and
fairly decimated some of its countries.
Later there have have been the two great
Russian wars, the Italian wars; the war
between Germany and Austria and the
great Fianco-Pursian war, to say nothing
of numberless minor wars. In our own
country, we have had the war of 1S12, the
war with Mexico and the gieat war of the
rebellion. The loss of life in all theswars,
counting not merely those who were kilted
in battle or died of wounds, but those who
sickened and died of disease during their
progress and afterward, must mount up in
to the millions. We can see something of
the after effects of our own great war in
the fact that our pension roll for injured
and disabled survivors already amounts to
about seventy-five millions of dollars per
annum and has involved an expenditure of
more than seven hundred millions of dol
lars. Roughly speaking, the losses on both
sides were equal, so that the Union losses
need to be multiplied by two to give the
total loss to the country.
The imagination staggers as we thus at
tempt to grasp the voluntary destruction of
human life in less than a single centurv
and in the most enlightened countries of
Among the preventable causes of disease
and death must also be mentioned intem
perance. I do not use the term in its re
stricted sense of intemperance in the use of
alcoholic stimulants, but intemperance gen-
largely under the control of the human
will. If in anything man should
show his superiority over the brute
creation, it is in the control of his appetite
and passions. Yet to a very great extent
hitherto, society has seemed to act upon
the theory of stimulating the appetites and
passions of men already overloaded to
furnish them every means of gratification,
and then to look on in stupid wonder and
astonishment at the fruit of its own doing3.
Let us rejoice at any glimmerings of rea
son which point to a better state of things.
Among the preventable causes of disease
and death we must not fail to notice insuf
ficient drainage and sewerage in our cities
and large villages. Here is something
which is purely a public matter. The ten
dency of the times is towards the aggrega
tion of men into cities. The problems of
city life are of increasing importance.
Those diseases which arc conceded to arise
from the presence of filth in some form
are alarmingly on the increase. The rem
edy must be sought in the intelligent action
of the community. The let alone policy
will not do. One season of pestilence, like
that which overtook Memphis a few years
ago, is sufficient to blight the prospects of
any town. Nature imposes the penalties
.of her broken laws with an unsparing
hand, and those penalties, eren when
measured by a dollars and cents standard
are vastly more expensive- than intelligent
and wise measures of prerention.
I might extend these examples of the
preventable causes of disease and death, but
I have instanced enough for my purpose.
It is with this whole class of causes that
the public press can most efficiently deal.
Its true province is to help create and keep
up a healthy public sentiment which will
stimulate individual action and back up
every law which is intended to promote
the public health. I have said that the
press generally reflects public sentiment.
It is also its high privilege, many times and
on many topics, to lead public sentiment.
This should be its attitude towards the
great subject of public sanitation. The
controllers of the press are as a rule men
of intelligence and public spirit men ac
customed to labor in many ways for the
public good from high and disinterested
motives. Let us commend to them the
subject which has called this convention to
gether and which has already taken shape in
our state in the State Board of Health, as
one eminently worthy of the best efforts of
the press, and of the highest interest to its
The extension of the Wichita and An
thony road to Ha.elton and Kiowa, is be
ing pushed in a way that makes old rail
roaders even open their eyes. Twenty
three car loads of steel rails went forward
in a single night this week, and tics accord
ingly. If this weather but holds, New
Year's day will find Kiowa and Wichita
tied hy rails.
To the Editor of the Eapile.
The citizens of Anthony are jubilant
over their prospects for railroads. The
laying of the track on the Ft. Scott exten
sion is being pushed rapidly. A charter
has been granted to build a line of railway
from Hutchinson south through Kingman,
Anthony and on south through the Terri
tory. It is known as the Kansas, Texas &
Mexico railroad. This will make Anthony
the great supply point of the Indian Terri
tory, and give us an outlet in the south a
long felt want. Another road will be
built from Wellington to this place over
the abandoned grade of the Santa Fe, so
wc are sure of three new roads, which will
make Anthony a railroad center of no
A. company nas oeen organized to pros
pect for coal; they are verv enthusiastic
over the prospect and feel certain that the
will be successful.
We have in Harper count any amount
of the same kind of silver they have in
Caldwell, but will not open up our mines
yet a little while.
An opera house is to be erected here
early next summer at a cost of 2."5,000.
The capital stock has all been subscribed.
It will have a front of 75" feet and bo 123
Heal estate has begun to move rapidly.
The stock ranches and cheap lands are
passing into the hands of farmers, who will
divide them into farms and improve them.
Many come to Anthony to be near the In
dian Territory when it is opened up for
settlement. City property is sell at an ad
vanced rate. Some large sales have been
made within the past few days. "How
she spreads" might very appropriately be
appled to Anothy. She is the Wichita of
the west and from her nre-cnt prospects
will have a population 10,000 inside of
two years. O. 13.
Anthouv, Kas., Dec. 9.
A JtKll.MANT AITAIR.
.Mr. ami Mrs. J. I). JI III Entertain a Iarge
Number of Frleniis at Their Elegant
From the Kort Scott Monitor.
Really the first society event of the sea
son was the reception given last evening
by Mr. and Mrs. J. D.IIH1. The entire
lower floor of their spacious mansion was
thrown open to the guests, and the ele
gautly furnished rooms were clothed in a
blaze of light. There were some 130 xt
sous present, among whom were noticed
Mr. and Mrs. Niederlander. Mr. and
Mrs. Levy and Mr. and ilrs. J. H.
Richards, of Wichita, intimate friends
of the host and hostess. The manner in
which Mr. and Mrs. Hill administered to
the comfort and enjo'mcnt of their guests
showed them to be adepts in the art of en
tertaining, usually so slightly cultivated.
The sweet strains of orchestral music
flooded the spacious halls, and at a proper
hour those assembled enjoyed themselves
for a time in dancing. The many exqui
site costumes were The occasion of much
remark, and the Monitor regrets its inabili
ty to enter into a detailed description of
At about 11 o'clock the guests were
summoned to the rooms" on the
upper floor, where a tempting spread
awaited them, to which ample justice was
done. At each plate lav a delicate mem
ento of the occassion for the ladies a horse
shoe, for the gentlemen a fan, bearing the i
To the Editor of the Eacls.
Iuka is situated eighty miles west of
Wichita, on the "Kansas Southwestern rail
road, J. J. Burns, president, which runs '
direct through Panhandle. Iuka will
have the terminus for at least one year, and
as Iuka is the county seat of Pratt county,
no doubt at the end of twelve months will
be a town of some 2,500 inhabitants. The
railroad company have reserved a space of
300x1500 feet in the addition which they
have laid out, for side track room, this
being the end of a division. The road is
now being graded from the Reno county
line at the rate of more than a mile a day.
The company promises and expects to run
trains into Iuka by January 5, 1887.
The Fairmont Town company, of which
Mr. S. H. Mallory is president, have
platted three hundred and twenty acres,
and sold in three days over twenty thous
and dollars worth of lots. Already twenty
four buildings are contracted to be erected
in this addition. The contract has been
let for a hotel building, G0x90 feet, three
stories high, and ten of the buildings con
tracted for are in course of erection.
Iuka is situated in the midst of the most
fertile portion of Pratt county, and the
oldest settled. Corn, for instance, will
average between thirty and forty bushels
Iuka is a nice town of 500 inhabitants
and at present is enjoying a substantial
boom; has quite a number of good busi
W. S. Badebaugh & Co., are the leading
dry goods merchants. Harrel & Harrel
are also enjoying a liberal trade in the
Lowry Bros, are large dealers in hard
ware and agricultural implements. Their
business building is being doubled in size
in order to accommodate their growing
G. A. Sheldon is making a deserved
success. He is proprietor of the Pioneer
S. W. Taylor is one of the oldest firms
in Pratt couqty, and is the leading grocer
of the town.
C. P. Green is the principal contractor
and builder; has at present fifteen men in
J. F. MetcaK, a banker, is just erecting
his bank building.
Chas. McAnarney is district clerk elect,
and a very genial gentleman.
Mrs. Poppenhouse is running a nice pri
vate boarding house. The capacity of her
house is crawded to its utmost all the time.
D. C. Lewis is county attorney. He is
a man who has done more for Iuka than
any other one man in the town.
Duncy Lewis, county clerk, has just re
fitted his new office, and has cosy quarters.
J. R. Harrel is one of the prominent
farmers near Iuka.
W. P. Finger, register of deeds, is one
of the cleverest gentlemen we have in our
Dr. J. N. McCoy is the lead physician of
Thr State Lumber company, of Wiscon
sin, is just receiving lumber to stowk their
large yard here, the first they have estab
lished in the state. Mr. Frank Congleton
is general manager.
J. E. Childers is the genial Boniface of
the Iuka hotel.
J. A. Eggleston, proprietor of the Capi
tal Livery stable,, is at present erecting a
new barn, GOxlOO.
A. W. Ellis is deputy district clerk.
J. A. Stine, ex-county treasurer, is as
sisting the present county treasurer as deputy.
W. Y. McCoun, editor of the Iuka Trav
eler is building a new oflico, and when it is
completed it will be one of the largest in
Parris & Tregellis. livervmen, run a hack
from Pratt to Iuka.
Everybody in Iuka says the Eagle is a
good flying bird, and that she is going to
light at twenty places in their town from
now on. P. B. D.
"We Are Offering
At lour Own Price.
"We Carry the Largest, Finest
and Beat Assorted Line of
Mm :-: Books
In the State of Kansas.
Prevailing all over tneHouse.
$25.ooo Worth ok New
Staple and Fancy Dry Goods,
Dress Goods, Trimmings, Holiday Goods,
Flannels. Blankets, Yarns, etc, etc., at lower
Prices than first class goods
have ever been offered in this market.
Come and Darticipate in the great sensation
Caused by our low prices. We
have the goods and are going to sell them.
COME AND SEE US.
Larimer & Stmson,
132 Main Street.
No one can Undersell us and no
one can show any finer line.
58 Different Styles
Trom a Leatherette, which is a
, For One Dollar
to an elgant Imported Russia for
Fifteen :-: Dollars,
All the Latest Styles.
W. O. Bidden & Co.
Real :-: Estate - Agents
City Property and Farms For Sale.
Rent Collected and Taxes Paid. Business Promptly Attended to.
OKFrCE Over Kansas National banl:
Our Remnant Stock of
Toys and Dolls, A'phabet,
Build ngand Illustrated Blocks,
Games, Ec. Comb and Brush
Sjis, Cuff and Collar Sets,
Manicure Se s, Work Boxes,
Odor Sets, Whisk Broom Hol
ders, Plush Fr mes, Mirrors,
Piacque , Easels, Ink Stands-
Bunnell & Morehouse,
leal Estate and Exchange
We take pleasure in showing the city and
our list of INSIDE and OUTSIDE property
to investors. Also
In the leading AMERICAN and FOREIGN
OSCAR Z. SMITH,
H. A OZANNE.
Last Saturday one of the largest firms of
slioe manufacturers ot Uie country failed.
It was that of A. P. .Martin & Co", of Bos
ton, and they were compelled to .stop busi
ness because repeated stiikes by employes
for higher wages had not only "taken off all
the profits of their buine, but had made
it cost more to manufacture shoes thau they
could lie sold for at wholesale. The con
cern was literally crowded to the wall by
the exactions of the men whom it employ
ed. As a consequence, its large factories
are Mopped, and hundreds of men with
their families are thrown out of employ
ment just at the commencement of a long,
cold, dreary Xcw England winter. It ap
pears to be a clear ca-e of "killing the
goose that laid the golden errg."
McKIM DU BOIS
Speaks for Itself.
Ozanne & Co.
WUttUUlO. lllttl MICMj (i
Special Attention Given to
Examination -:- of -
Particular Care Given to
Investments for Eastern Parties.
Masonic Building, First St. bet. Main St. and P. O.
Wichita, - - Kans.
Fine :-: Pictures
should Inspect our Stock.
have an accurate et or lxyks anil nm prepared to
make full and
Complete Abstracts of Title
To any property In Sdjrwlcfc County.
Ofllce Over 123 Main Stre .
"Wichita, - Kan.
Lowest Rates and Ready
S. W. COOPER,
5; JIAIX STREET.
Our Ladies Hand Bigs, Purses,
and Card Cass?, Gents Pocket
Books, Cigar Cass and Ciga
rette Cases in Fine Leather,
are Worth Looking at.
K. D. ALLEN. Notary I'uMIr
r. V,'. KAKAX
('. K. JOKES. Salary lMl-
Allen, Graham & Jones,
BUY AND SELL
Make Loans on Farm and Chattel Security.
OFFICE 414 DOUGLAS AVENUE, ROOM 1.
Special Bargains on College Hill In Jots of any slzs. 2 1-2 w 80
acre tracts ror Plattlmr North, Suth. Batand West of ih City.
Choice bargains In business and Inside residence lots.
At the Lowest Possible Figure
inscription souvenir ISso. The choic-
crally in eatimr, in the uso of intoxicant I est "aU(is llie most tempting triumph of I ( J I V I J. ft N (xl V R R R
snrf nnrviti ;7, fiin ,1 ,: r .-. j the culinary art. were here partaken of, I '
anu narcotic, m the domain of appetite ' .1 ,, , .-,!- i,, .:,, ,-' i.,u,J.I
and pasiou generally. AH physicians and .ind vim- nnrtn
close observers will testify that to this pro
line cau?e very much of the disease and
death that affect the human family may be
traced. Yet here we have something verv
The cuesls dbpersed at a reasonable
hour, each realizing that Mr. and Mrs. ilill
were most entertaining and hospitable, and
carrying with them the most plcas-ant recol
lections of this prilliant event.
Roora No. 3. IS . Hats S u
"Wichita, - - Kansas.
riatUiyr. SoMSvMin sd Kapplny !ose fa any
locality 6 rtort nullre,. Plan tad elnratt for h.
B. line, water wnrki acd tcerxgc Preliminary
rcrrrys &cd loca'loa raid. AU corretpesdrece
promptly aatwerrvL J3-ti
Hyde & Humble,
The Bk Book Store, '
VIELE & SHEPARD,
114 Main St.
'Mortgages :-: Wanted.
311 E. Douglas Ave. Rooms 1 and 3.